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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655084/-therapeutic-effect-of-a-new-hybrid-technique-which-combined-laparoscopic-method-and-abdominal-repair-for-parastomal-hernia-repair
#1
W Luo, Y Wang, X Duan
Objective: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of a new hybrid technique which combined laparoscopic method and abdominal repair (Dual Lap) for parastomal herniarepair. Methods: The clinical and follow-up data of 27 cases who accepted Dual Lap procedure performed at Department of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, Wuhan Central Hospital, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University from January 2010 to January 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. The data included 22 male patients and 5 female patients with mean age of 54 years...
July 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655067/fatal-ulcerative-enteritis-of-the-small-intestine-in-a-patient-with-ulcerative-colitis-treated-with-vedolizumab
#2
Carmen Monasterio, Annette Schmitt-Gräff, Matthias Pohl, Thomas Truschel, Klaus Warnatz, Wolfgang Kreisel, Robert Thimme, Peter Hasselblatt
Vedolizumab (VDZ) inhibits α4β7 integrins and is used to target intestinal immune responses in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, which is considered to be relatively safe. Here we report on a fatal complication following VDZ administration. A 64-year-old female patient with ulcerative colitis (UC) refractory to tumor necrosis factor inhibitors was treated with VDZ. One week after the second VDZ infusion, she was admitted to hospital with severe diarrhea and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)...
June 27, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654307/mangosteen-extract-prevents-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-in-mice-by-suppressing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-and-inflammation
#3
Hee-Sung Chae, Byoung Hoon You, Jieun Song, Hyuk Wan Ko, Young Hee Choi, Young-Won Chin
In this study, the anti-inflammatory effects of mangosteen extract (MGE) on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice and nuclear factor (NF)-κB pathway modulation were investigated. Acute colitis was induced by administering 3% DSS in drinking water for 7 days, and three groups of Institute of Cancer Research mice were treated with 30 and 120 mg/kg MGE or 5-aminosalicylic acid for 7 days; an additional two groups of mice served as healthy and disease controls. The results indicated that MGE significantly prevented weight loss, reduced disease activity index scores, and preserved colon length compared with the findings in the untreated colitis group...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654304/a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-multicenter-study-comparing-continuous-diffusion-of-oxygen-therapy-to-sham-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#4
Mark Q Niederauer, Joel E Michalek, David G Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Over the past generation, preclinical data have suggested that there is a potential physiologic benefit to applying oxygen topically to wounds. However, we are unaware of any studies in the literature that have robustly assessed whether this would lead to a higher proportion of healing in similarly treated people without oxygen. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess this in people being treated for chronic diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). METHODS: We enrolled and randomized 100 subjects with DFUs (79% male, aged 58...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653751/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-the-efficacy-of-probiotics-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
REVIEW
Y Derwa, D J Gracie, P J Hamlin, A C Ford
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) are inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Evidence implicates disturbances of the gastrointestinal microbiota in their pathogenesis. AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of probiotics in IBD. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched (until November 2016). Eligible randomised controlled trials (RCTs) recruited adults with UC or CD, and compared probiotics with 5-aminosalicylates (5-ASAs) or placebo...
June 27, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653667/appendectomy-and-the-risk-of-colectomy-in-ulcerative-colitis-a-national-cohort-study
#6
Pär Myrelid, Kalle Landerholm, Caroline Nordenvall, Thomas D Pinkney, Roland E Andersson
OBJECTIVES: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease usually responding well to anti-inflammatory drugs but many patients will still need colectomy. Appendectomy is associated with a lower risk of later developing UC. We aimed to assess the longitudinal relationship between appendectomy, appendicitis, and disease course in UC patients. METHODS: A national cohort of UC patients with a diagnosis in 1964-2010 was identified from the Swedish National Patient Register that also provided information regarding appendicitis and/or appendectomy before or after the UC diagnosis...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653439/intraepidermal-neutrophilic-dermatosis-type-of-iga-pemphigus-with-circulating-linear-iga-disease-antibodies-associated-with-ulcerative-colitis
#7
Eleni Papakonstantinou, Alexander Kapp, Marcel F Jonkman, Ulrike Raap
A 42-year-old woman with ulcerative colitis previously well controlled on mesalazine presented with blistering, crusts and severe itching on her upper body and legs together with painful erosions on her conjunctivae and oral mucous membranes in addition to active bowel symptoms for two weeks. Clinical examination revealed multiple lesions consisting of vesiculopustules with circinate distribution and central crusts in sunflower-like configuration on her flanks and legs, a typical characteristic of intraepidermal neutrophilic dermatosis (IEN)-type of IgA pemphigus (Figure 1A and 1C) [1]...
June 27, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653239/adapted-eras-pathway-vs-standard-care-in-patients-with-perforated-duodenal-ulcer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Subair Mohsina, Dasarathan Shanmugam, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Pankaj Kundra, T Mahalakshmy, Vikram Kate
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of ERAS pathways in patients undergoing emergency simple closure of perforated duodenal ulcer (PDU). METHODS: This single-center, prospective, open-labeled, superiority, RCT was carried out from August 2014 to July 2016. Patients of PDU undergoing open simple closure were randomized preoperatively in 1:1 ratio into standard care and adapted ERAS group. Patients with refractory shock, ASA class ≥3, and perforation size ≥1 cm were excluded...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652704/rhein-attenuates-inflammation-through-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-nalp3-inflammasome-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#9
Hui Ge, Hao Tang, Yanbing Liang, Jingguo Wu, Qing Yang, Lijin Zeng, Zhongfu Ma
Rhein is an important component in traditional Chinese herbal medicine formulations for gastrointestinal disorders, including inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis. In this study, we investigated the beneficial effects of rhein in inflammation models in the transgenic zebrafish line TG (corolla eGFP), in which both macrophages and neutrophils express eGFP and RAW264.7 macrophages. We found that the tail-cutting-induced migration of immune cells was significantly reduced in transgenic zebrafish treated with rhein...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652666/synchronous-triple-occurrence-of-malt-lymphoma-schwannoma-and-adenocarcinoma-of-the-stomach
#10
Kyeong W Choi, Mee Joo, Han S Kim, Woo Y Lee
We present a case of a 56-year-old man with 3 synchronous gastric tumors. The patient presented with melena, and 3 gastric abnormalities were detected on gastroduodenoscopic examination, including a small ulcerative lesion in the gastric antrum, a submucosal mass in the gastric body, and severe erosion in the fundus. Histological examination of biopsy samples yielded respective diagnoses of gastric adenocarcinoma, gastritis, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. The patient first received medication to eradicate any underlying Helicobacter pylori infection, which might have been a cause of the MALT lymphoma...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652662/inflammatory-bowel-disease-incidence-in-czech-children-a-regional-prospective-study-2000-2015
#11
Jan Schwarz, Josef Sýkora, Dominika Cvalínová, Renáta Pomahačová, Jana Klečková, Martin Kryl, Petr Včelák
AIM: To examine the incidence and trends in pediatric inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) over 2000-2015 and project the incidence to 2018. METHODS: A 16-year prospective study of IBD patients < 19 years of age was conducted in the Czech Republic (the Pilsen region). All incident IBD cases within a well-defined geographical area were retrieved from a prospectively collected computerized clinical database. Historical Czech data were used for comparison (1990-2001)...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652659/single-operator-cholangioscopy-for-biliary-complications-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#12
Anna Hüsing-Kabar, Hauke Sebastian Heinzow, Hartmut Hans-Jürgen Schmidt, Carina Stenger, Hans Ulrich Gerth, Michele Pohlen, Gerold Thölking, Christian Wilms, Iyad Kabar
AIM: To evaluate cholangioscopy in addition to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for management of biliary complications after liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: Twenty-six LT recipients with duct-to-duct biliary reconstruction who underwent ERCP for suspected biliary complications between April and December 2016 at the university hospital of Muenster were consecutively enrolled in this observational study. After evaluating bile ducts using fluoroscopy, cholangioscopy using a modern digital single-operator cholangioscopy system (SpyGlass DS™) was performed during the same procedure with patients under conscious sedation...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652656/systemic-interleukin-9-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-association-with-mucosal-healing-in-ulcerative-colitis
#13
Malgorzata Matusiewicz, Katarzyna Neubauer, Iwona Bednarz-Misa, Sabina Gorska, Malgorzata Krzystek-Korpacka
AIM: To evaluate circulating IL9 in inflammatory bowel disease and disease-associated anemia/cachexia and assess its potential as a mucosal healing marker. METHODS: Serum IL9 as well as other cytokines (IL1β, IL6, IL13, IFNγ, TNFα, and VEGF-A) were determined in 293 individuals: 97 patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and 74 with ulcerative colitis (UC) and in 122 apparently healthy controls. The clinical activity of CD and UC was expressed in terms of the Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) and the Mayo Scoring System (MDAI), respectively, and the severity of bowel inflammation in UC patients was assessed using Mayo endoscopic score...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652651/molecular-mimicry-in-helicobacter-pylori-infections
#14
REVIEW
Magdalena Chmiela, Weronika Gonciarz
Gram-negative bacteria Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) colonize gastric mucosa in humans and increase the risk of serious diseases such as gastric and duodenal ulcers, stomach cancers and mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. The role of H. pylori infection in the pathogenesis of several extragastric diseases has been suggested including immune thrombocytopenic purpura, iron deficiency anemia, vitamin D deficiency, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and dermatological disorders. Also neurological diseases and even lung cancer have attracted researchers concern...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652516/gastric-emptying-after-artificial-ulceration-in-rats-differences-due-to-the-site-of-the-ulcer-and-the-effects-of-prokinetic-drugs
#15
Masayuki Uchida, Orie Kobayashi, Kimiko Shimizu
Background This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the position of an acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer and the effects of prokinetic drugs on gastric emptying. Materials and Methods Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study. Acetic acid ulcers were induced either in the region between the fundus and pylorus on the anterior wall of the stomach or in the glandular region on the greater curvature of the stomach to determine whether there were regional differences in the effect of the ulcers. Gastric emptying was evaluated with a breath test using [1-(13)C] acetic acid...
2017: Journal of Smooth Muscle Research, Nihon Heikatsukin Gakkai Kikanshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652445/increased-copy-number-variation-of-mtdna-in-an-array-based-digital-pcr-assay-predicts-ulcerative-colitis-associated-colorectal-cancer
#16
Toshiaki Tanaka, Takashi Kobunai, Yoko Yamamoto, Koji Murono, Kensuke Otani, Koji Yasuda, Takeshi Nishikawa, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Kazushige Kawai, Keisuke Hata, Hiroaki Nozawa, Soichiro Ishihara, Toshiaki Watanabe
AIM: Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a central role in carcinogenesis in numerous cancer-related diseases. We examined the copy number variation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and the expression of energy-producing genes in relation to ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated carcinogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 17 patients with UC-associated adenocarcinoma (UC-Ca) and 16 without UC-associated adenocarcinoma (UC-nonCa). The copy number of mtDNA in non-dysplastic mucosa in both groups was quantified by an array-based digital polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay...
July 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652442/primary-gastric-alk-negative-ebv-negative-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-presenting-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#17
Wei Zhang, Samuel Burton, Shaobin Wu, Xia Qian, Mhd Nabeel Rajeh, Katie Schroeder, Mark Shuldberg, Adam Merando, Jin-Ping Lai
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Primary gastric anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) negative ALCL is extremely rare. Diagnosis of primary gastric ALK-negative ALCL is difficult to establish and prognosis is worse than ALK-positive ALCL. Here, we report a case of an 82-year-old man with a history of cerebrovascular disease presented with weakness and iron deficiency anemia. He denied any abdominal discomforts. The esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a large ulcerated, friable mass in the gastric body which encompassed about 80% of entire stomach...
July 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652436/corrupted-colonic-crypts-bordering-regenerating-mucosal-ulcers-in-ulcerative-colitis
#18
Carlos A Rubio
BACKGROUND/AIM: Histology in protracted ulcerative colitis (UC) discloses high numbers of chronic inflammatory cells and crypts with architectural distortions. In severe cases, ulcerations are frequently found. The histogenesis of colonic crypts with architectural distortions in UC remains elusive. A recent review of colectomy specimens from patients with UC revealed crypts surrounding mucosal ulcerations exhibiting severe architectural distortions. They were called corrupted colonic crypts, CCCs...
July 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652418/enhancement-of-wound-healing-by-the-traditional-chinese-medicine-herbal-mixture-sophora-flavescens-in-a-rat-model-of-perianal-ulceration
#19
Xiaoping Xu, Xiaohua Li, Lei Zhang, Zhaohui Liu, Yuan Pan, Dong Chen, Donghua Bin, Qun Deng, Y U Sun, Robert M Hoffman, Zhijian Yang, Hong Yuan
BACKGROUND/AIM: Hemorrhoidectomy is often associated with significant postoperative complications that may result in slow wound healing. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) compound Sophora flavescens (CSF) has shown efficacy on many inflammatory disorders. The aim of the present study was to examine the efficacy of CSF on wound healing in a rat model of perianal ulceration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A rat model of perianal ulceration was induced by subcutaneous injection of 75% glacial acetic acid...
July 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652148/value-of-upper-endoscopic-biopsies-in-predicting-medical-refractoriness-in-pediatric-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#20
Katrina J Sullivan, Mike Wei, Elizabeth Chernetsova, Soufiane Hallani, Joseph de Nanassy, Eric I Benchimold, David R Mack, Ahmed Nasr, Dina El Demellawy
Refractory ulcerative colitis (UC) occurs in patients who experience a severe disease manifestation that is unresponsive to medical therapy. The assessment of upper endoscopic microscopic findings and its correlation with refractory UC has not been fully studied in pediatric patients, and is the focus of this study. Medical records of UC patients treated at a tertiary pediatric center between 2000 and 2014 were reviewed. Endoscopic biopsies of the upper gastrointestinal tract of patients meeting a priori inclusion criteria were compared between refractory UC patients and non-refractory UC patients for active inflammation...
June 23, 2017: Human Pathology
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