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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810616/single-blinded-randomized-and-controlled-clinical-trial-evaluating-the-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-among-septic-patients-with-intestinal-dysfunction-a-pilot-study
#1
Huaisheng Chen, Wei Wang, Yingcai Hong, Huadong Zhang, Chengying Hong, Xueyan Liu
Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory reaction, which is aggravated by aspects of the immune response that are thought to be inhibited by Omega-3 fatty acids. The aim of the present study was to determine if Omega-3 fatty acid could modulate immunological function and improve survival rate among septic patients with intestinal dysfunction. A total of 48 mechanically ventilated patients with intestinal dysfunction were included in this prospective, randomized and single-blind clinical study. Patients were randomly divided into control (group A) and treatment groups (group B)...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810533/deltamethrin-induced-oxidative-stress-in-kidney-and-brain-of-rats-protective-effect-of-artemisia-campestris-essential-oil
#2
Mongi Saoudi, Riadh Badraoui, Houda Bouhajja, Marwa Ncir, Fatma Rahmouni, Malek Grati, Kamel Jamoussi, Abdelfattah El Feki
Artemisia campestris (Asteraceae) is widely used in traditional medicine in Southern Tunisia as a decoction for its antivenom, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, and antimicrobial activities. A. campestris essential oil (ACEO) was obtained by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts, since it has beneficial and therapeutic effects. Deltamethrin is a synthetic pyrethroid with broad spectrum activities against acaricides and insects and widely used for veterinary and agricultural purposes. Exposure to deltamethrin leads to nephrotoxic and neurotoxic side effects for human and many species including birds and fish...
August 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806602/exposure-of-european-sea-bass-dicentrarchus-labrax-to-chemically-dispersed-oil-has-a-chronic-residual-effect-on-hypoxia-tolerance-but-not-aerobic-scope
#3
Yangfan Zhang, Florian Mauduit, Anthony P Farrell, Denis Chabot, Hélène Ollivier, Adrien Rio-Cabello, Stéphane Le Floch, Guy Claireaux
We tested the hypothesis that the chronic residual effects of an acute exposure of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) to chemically dispersed crude oil is manifest in indices of hypoxic performance rather than aerobic performance. Sea bass were pre-screened with a hypoxia challenge test to establish their incipient lethal oxygen saturation (ILOS), but on discovering a wide breadth for individual ILOS values (2.6-11.0% O2 saturation), fish were subsequently subdivided into either hypoxia sensitive (HS) or hypoxia tolerant (HT) phenotypes, traits that were shown to be experimentally repeatable...
August 1, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806547/environmental-life-cycle-assessment-of-seafood-production-a-case-study-of-trawler-catches-in-tunisia
#4
Khaled Abdou, Didier Gascuel, Joël Aubin, Mohamed Salah Romdhane, Frida Ben Rais Lasram, François Le Loc'h
The Gulf of Gabes is one of the most productive fishery areas in the southern Mediterranean Sea. It is archetypal of an ecosystem in which the effects of fisheries are most pronounced. Demersal trawling is the main fishing activity in the Gulf of Gabes. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was applied to assess the environmental performance landing 1t of seafood with wooden demersal trawlers in the Gulf of Gabes. Impact categories included in the study were abiotic depletion potential (ADP), acidification potential (AP), eutrophication potential (EP), global warming potential (GWP), ozone depletion potential (ODP), photochemical oxidant formation potential (POFP), human toxicity potential (HTP), marine eco-toxicity potential (METP), terrestrial eco-toxicity potential (TETP), land occupation potential (LOP), and total cumulative energy demand (TCED)...
August 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805928/effects-of-dietary-fish-oil-supplementation-on-performance-meat-quality-and-cecal-fermentation-of-growing-rabbits
#5
M Rodríguez, M D Carro, V Valiente, N Formoso-Rafferty, P G Rebollar
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with fish oil on growth performance (during all fatening period), carcass characteristics and fatty acid (FA) profile of muscle and fat tissues (at slaughter), as well as cecal fermentation and ileal mucosa morphology of growing rabbits (at 30, 45, and 60 d of age). Two isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets, only differing in their fat source, were formulated and provided each to 24 does (12 per diet) and their offspring during pregnancy and lactation...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805916/the-reduction-of-starch-in-finishing-diets-supplemented-with-oil-does-not-prevent-the-accumulation-of-trans-10-18-1-in-lamb-meat
#6
M Costa, S P Alves, A Francisco, J Almeida, C M Alfaia, S V Martins, J A M Prates, J Santos-Silva, O Doran, R J B Bessa
The experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the replacement of cereal with low-starch feed ingredients in lambs' finishing diets supplemented with oils could prevent the accumulation of -10-18:1 in meat. Forty lambs were fed 1 of 4 diets supplemented with soybean oil (5.9%) and fish oil (1%) for 6 wk before slaughter. The control (CON) diet contained 43% barley, and in the other diets, barley was completely replaced by dehydrated citrus pulp (DCP), dehydrated sugar beet pulp (DBP), or soybean hulls (SH)...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805896/the-composition-of-dietary-fat-alters-the-transcriptional-profile-of-pathways-associated-with-lipid-metabolism-in-the-liver-and-adipose-tissue-in-the-pig
#7
T A Kellner, N K Gabler, J F Patience
The objective was to investigate the of effect chemical composition of dietary fat on transcription of genes involved in lipid metabolism in adipose tissue and the liver via transcriptional profiling in growing pigs. A total of 48 Genetiporc 6.0 × Genetiporc F25 (PIC, Inc., Hendersonville, TN) barrows (initial BW of 44.1 ± 1.2 kg) were randomly allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments. Each experimental diet included 95% of a corn-soybean meal basal diet and 5% cornstarch (control; CNTR), animal-vegetable blend (AV), coconut oil (COCO), corn oil (COIL), fish oil (FO), or tallow (TAL)...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805256/effects-of-euthanasia-methods-on-stable-carbon-%C3%AE-13-c-value-and-nitrogen-%C3%AE-15-n-value-isotopic-composition-of-fry-and-juvenile-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#8
Sarah Nahon, Sarah Séité, Joanna Kolasinski, Pierre Aguirre, Inge Geurden
RATIONALE: Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analyses of fish tissues are now commonly used in ecological studies but mostly require the sacrifice of the animal. Ethical considerations recommend the use of anesthetics for tissue sampling. This study examines how anesthetics affect stable isotope ratios of fish compared with other euthanasia methods. METHODS: Rainbow trout fry and juveniles were sacrificed using ice-freezing (as this common method used to kill fish does not affect natural isotopic ratios), electronarcosis or an overdose of chemical anesthetics (2-phenoxyethanol, benzocaine and clove oil)...
August 14, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802282/evolution-of-mediterranean-diets-and-cuisine-concepts-and-definitions
#9
Sue Radd-Vagenas, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Maria Fiatarone Singh, Victoria M Flood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Mediterranean diet has been demonstrated to provide a range of health benefits in observational and clinical trials and adopted by various dietary guidelines. However, a broad range of definitions exist impeding synthesis across trials. This review aims to provide a historical description of Mediterranean diets, from the ancient to the modern, to inform future educational and diet index tool development representing the 'traditional' Mediterranean diet. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Nine databases were searched from inception to July 2015 to identify papers defining the Mediterranean diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801775/plasticizers-and-bisphenol-a-in-packaged-foods-sold-in-the-tunisian-markets-study-of-their-acute-in-vivo-toxicity-and-their-environmental-fate
#10
Asma Beltifa, Anouar Feriani, Monia Machreki, Asma Ghorbel, Lakhdar Ghazouani, Giuseppa Di Bella, Joris Van Loco, Tim Reyns, Hedi Ben Mansour
Today, processed and packaged foods are considered as among the major sources of human exposure to plasticizers and bisphenol which migrate from plastic packing. In the present study, a wide range of food products sold on the Tunisian market such as grain and grain products, milk and dairy products, fats and oil, drink, fish, and sweets have been analyzed firstly in order to identify the presence of phthalates and bisphenol. Then, the identified chemical molecules were studied for their environmental fate and tested in vivo for its toxicity in mice models...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801145/body-image-dissatisfaction-and-dietary-patterns-according-to-nutritional-status-in-adolescents
#11
Rita de Cássia Ribeiro-Silva, Rosemeire Leovigildo Fiaccone, Maria Ester Pereira da Conceição-Machado, Ana Santos Ruiz, Maurício Lima Barreto, Mônica Leila Portela Santana
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of data on the association between body self-perception and eating patterns in Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationship between body image dissatisfaction (BID) and eating patterns by the anthropometric status in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1496 adolescents was conducted. The participants completed the Body Shape Questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric, and socioeconomic data were collected, as well as information regarding the pubertal development and dietary intake...
August 8, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800645/analysis-of-endogenous-lipids-during-intestinal-wound-healing
#12
Yunna Lee, Jieun Choo, Su Jin Kim, Gwangbeom Heo, Charalabos Pothoulakis, Yong-Hak Kim, Eunok Im
Intestinal wound healing is a new therapeutic goal for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as complete healing of the mucosa is the key element of clinical remission in IBD. Previous studies showed that termination of inflammation can be achieved by adding pro-resolving lipids like DHA and EPA exogenously. However, the roles of these lipids in mucosal healing have not been investigated. To recapitulate intestinal healing process, mice were received dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) for 7 days in the drinking water followed by regular tap water for 5 additional days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800398/a-13-week-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-low-glycemic-load-diet-and-lifestyle-modification-program-combining-low-glycemic-load-protein-shakes-and-targeted-nutraceuticals-improved-weight-loss-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-over-a-low-glycemic-load-diet-alone
#13
Clinton J Dahlberg, Joseph J Ou, John G Babish, Joseph J Lamb, Sarah Eliason, Holly Brabazon, Wei Gao, Mohan R Kaadige, Matthew L Tripp
An open label, randomized, exploratory study comprising 44 healthy, overweight subjects with cardio-metabolic syndrome (CMS) risk factors was conducted to assess the safety, tolerability and efficacy of a proprietary lifestyle modification program without (DIET) and with (PROG) targeted nutraceutical supplementation including soy, pea and whey proteins, phytosterols, antioxidants, probiotics, fish oil and berberine over 13-weeks. Key metrics were recorded at baseline, weeks 9 and 13. For DIET and PROG compliance was 85% and 86%, respectively, with no adverse events related to the diet or supplements...
August 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800114/fatty-acid-profile-is-modulated-by-dietary-resveratrol-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#14
Claudia Torno, Stefanie Staats, Sonia de Pascual-Teresa, Gerald Rimbach, Carsten Schulz
To produce fish of a high quality that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA) and simultaneously generate more sustainable aquaculture, the combined use of phytochemicals and vegetable oils in fish feed seems to be a promising approach. Resveratrol (RV) potentially induces endogenous fatty acid synthesis, resulting in elevated n-3 FA levels in fish. RV putatively influences ∆6-desaturase, the key enzyme in FA metabolism, and serves as a ligand for PPARα, a transcription factor regulating β-oxidation. Rainbow trout (36...
August 11, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798472/erratum-fish-oil-lard-and-soybean-oil-differentially-shape-gut-microbiota-of-middle-aged-rats
#15
He Li, Yingying Zhu, Fan Zhao, Shangxin Song, Yingqiu Li, Xinglian Xu, Guanghong Zhou, Chunbao Li
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794923/a-sustainable-use-of-low-cost-raw-substrates-for-biodiesel-production-by-the-oleaginous-yeast-wickerhamomyces-anomalus
#16
Fatma Arous, Imen Ben Atitallah, Moncef Nasri, Tahar Mechichi
Over the past decade, the increasing demand of vegetable oils for biodiesel production has highlighted the need for alternative oil feedstocks that do not compete with food production. In this context, the combined use of agro-industrial wastes and oleaginous microorganisms could be a promising strategy for sustainable biodiesel production. The present investigation involves the performance of the oleaginous yeast Wickerhamomyces anomalus strain EC28 to produce lipids from different agro-industrial wastewaters (i...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792885/fish-oil-containing-lipid-emulsions-in-adult-parenteral-nutrition-a-review-of-the-evidence
#17
Osman Abbasoglu, Gil Hardy, William Manzanares, Alessandro Pontes-Arruda
BACKGROUND: There is evidence from laboratory and animal studies that fish oil-containing intravenous lipid emulsions (FOC-IVLEs) have a beneficial effect on inflammation and the immune response, suggesting a possible clinical benefit. Clinical studies of FOC-IVLEs have reported mixed results. The aim of this review is to present findings from recent randomized controlled clinical trials and other quality clinical studies investigating the effects of administering intravenous fish oil alone or as part of a multilipid emulsion and to examine the quality of these studies in an objective, evidence-based manner...
August 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791297/vitamin-d-uptake-in-patients-treated-with-a-high-dosed-purified-omega-3-compound-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-following-an-acute-myocardial-infarction
#18
Patrycja A Naesgaard, Heidi Grundt, Arne F Nordøy, Harry Staines, Dennis W T Nilsen
BACKGROUND: Fish is the natural dietary source of vitamin D. Reports on the influence of purified omega-3 fatty acids on its uptake are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of a purified high-dose omega-3 compound compared to corn oil on 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels following an acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: 228 patients were randomized 1:1 to receive a daily dose of either 4 g omega-3 (OMACOR(®)) or an equal dose of corn oil, administered double-blindly for 12 months...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789573/the-protective-effect-of-fish-oil-against-cisplatin-induced-eye-damage-in-rat
#19
Burcu Gul Baykalir, Osman Ciftci, Aslı Cetin, Nese Basak Turkmen
Ocular toxicity induced by anticancer chemotherapy is not uncommon, but underestimated and under-reported. Visual changes have been attributed to a number of chemotherapeutic agents in humans. Cisplatin (CP), a heavy metal compound, is used in the treatment of many types of tumors. CP is known to produce non-specific blurred vision, papilledema and optic neuritis for high doses as well as cumulative dose regimens. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible beneficial effects of fish oil (FO) on eye tissue oxidative status and histological alterations against CP-induced in the rats...
August 8, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783061/impact-of-biological-feedback-and-incentives-on-blood-fatty-acid-concentrations-including-omega-3-index-in-an-employer-based-wellness-program
#20
Michael I McBurney, Julia K Bird
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) are important fatty acids for the retina and brain. More than 95% of Americans have suboptimal EPA + DHA blood concentrations. This cross-sectional employer-based study assessed whole blood fatty acid levels of volunteers participating in an onsite wellness biometric screening program and was designed to determine if an incentive, a $5 coupon for a 90-day supply of fish oil supplement typically costing $18-30, stimulated incremental dietary behavior change relative to nutritional status assessment alone to increase EPA + DHA concentrations...
August 5, 2017: Nutrients
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