keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Remifentanil extubation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690757/hypercapnia-does-not-shorten-emergence-time-from-propofol-anesthesia-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-study
#1
Ki-Hyug Kwon, Hansu Bae, Hyun Gu Kang, Junyong In
Background: The elimination of anesthetic agents is a decisive factor in the emergence from general anesthesia. In this pilot study, we hypothesized that hypercapnia would decrease the emergence time from propofol anesthesia by increasing cardiac output and cerebral blood flow. Methods: A total of 32 patients were randomly divided into two groups based on the end-tidal carbon dioxide values: 30 mmHg (the hypocapnia group) and 50 mmHg (the hypercapnia group). Propofol and remifentanil were infused to maintain a bispectral index of 40-50...
April 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643876/clinical-effects-of-single-femoral-nerve-block-in-combination-with-general-anesthesia-on-geriatric-patients-receiving-total-knee-arthroplasty
#2
Jing Zhang, Yan Yuan, Yongjun Zhang, Ying Wang
Objective: To evaluate the clinical effects of single femoral nerve block (sFNB) combined with general anesthesia on geriatric patients receiving unilateral total knee arthroplasty (UTKA). Methods: Sixty geriatric UTKA patients who were treated in The First People's Hospital of Changzhou from January 2015 to August 2015 were randomly divided into an sFNB + laryngeal mask airway (FLA) group, an sFNB + tracheal intubation (FGA) group and a tracheal intubation (GA) group...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563982/propofol-and-sevoflurane-combined-with-remifentanil-on-the-pain-index-inflammatory-factors-and-postoperative-cognitive-function-of-spine-fracture-patients
#3
Yu Zhao, Hongqi Zhang
The effects of propofol vs. sevoflurane combined with remifentanil on the pain index, inflammatory factors and postoperative cognitive function in spine fracture patients were studied and analyzed. A total of 62 patients with vertebral fracture were randomly divided into the propofol group (P group, n=41) and the sevoflurane group (S group, n=41). P group used induction anesthesia with propofol, and maintained anesthesia via intravenous injection of remifentanil. While patients in S group received induction anesthesia with sevoflurane, and also remifentanil as the maintained anesthesia...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516705/comparison-of-the-effects-of-low-doses-of-dexmedetomidine-and-remifentanil-on-the-maternal-haemodynamic-changes-during-caesarean-delivery-in-patients-with-severe-preeclampsia-a-randomised-trial
#4
Mohamed R El-Tahan, Samah El Kenany, Ehsan M Abdelaty, Eiad A Ramzy
BACKGROUND: Preoperative remifentanil administration blunts haemodynamic responses to tracheal intubation in parturients with severe preeclampsia. We hypothesised that the preoperative administration of low doses of remifentanil or dexmedetomidine would lead to comparable maternal neurohormonal responses and neonatal outcomes in patients with severe preeclampsia. METHODS: Parturients diagnosed with severe preeclampsia undergoing caesarean delivery were randomly allocated to receive remifentanil (0...
March 7, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502065/-application-of-sevoflurane-and-laryngeal-mask-in-cesarean-section-in-women-with-heart-disease
#5
Zhi-Peng Wang, Jue Ma, Sheng Wang, Li-Na Yu, Jin-Feng Wei, Jin-Dong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety of sevoflurane anesthesia with laryngeal mask and tracheal intubation in cesarean section in women with heart disease. METHODS: Fifty-two pregnant women with heart diseases undergoing cesarean section were randomized into laryngeal mask (LAM) group and tracheal intubation group. In LAM group, 6% sevoflurane was given at the rate of 6 L/min for induction with a maintenance sevoflurane concentration of 3%. In the intubation group, 1...
February 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457121/anesthesia-for-patients-with-ptrf-mutations-a-case-report
#6
Atsuko Hirano, Tomohiko Takada, Mariko Senda, Hidemasa Takahashi, Takeo Suzuki
Background: Polymeraze I and transcript release factor ( PTRF ) mutations are a newly recognized disease, which cause congenital generalized lipodystrophy associated with myopathy. Case presentation: A 29-year-old man (height 126 cm; weight 22 kg) with a PTRF mutation was scheduled for mandibular dentigerous cystectomy. His primary symptoms were lipodystrophy, myopathy, long QT syndrome, refractory nephrosis, and abnormal lipid metabolism. Defibrillator pads were applied soon after the patient entered the operating room...
2018: JA Clinical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433385/intravenous-lidocaine-as-adjuvant-to-general-anesthesia-in-renal-surgery
#7
Mohamed Said Nakhli, Mohamed Kahloul, Taieb Guizani, Chekib Zedini, Ajmi Chaouch, Walid Naija
The role of intraoperative intravenous lidocaine infusion has been previously evaluated for pain relief, inflammatory response, and post-operative recovery, particularly in abdominal surgery. The present study is a randomized double-blinded trial in which we evaluated whether IV lidocaine infusion reduces isoflurane requirement, intraoperative remifentanil consumption and time to post-operative recovery in non-laparoscopic renal surgery. Sixty patients scheduled to undergo elective non-laparoscopic renal surgery under general anesthesia were enrolled to receive either systemic lidocaine infusion (group L: bolus 1...
December 2018: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379279/sex-related-differences-in-effect-site-concentration-of-remifentanil-for-preventing-anesthetic-emergence-cough-in-elderly-patients
#8
Sook Young Lee, Yun Yong Jeong, Byung Ho Lee, Ji Eun Kim
Purpose: Cough on anesthetic emergence should be prevented considering its dangerous complications. Target-controlled infusion (TCI) of remifentanil can reduce emergence cough effectively, and sex-related differences in effect-site concentration (Ce) of remifentanil have been evaluated in young patients. In this study, we determined the Ce of remifentanil for preventing emergence cough following extubation in male and female elderly patients and evaluated the sex-related difference. Patients and methods: Twenty-three male and 22 female elderly patients aged between 60 and 75 years were enrolled...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328000/conscious-sedation-with-dexmedetomidine-compared-with-asleep-awake-asleep-craniotomies-in-glioma-surgery-an-analysis-of-180-patients
#9
Eric Suero Molina, Stephanie Schipmann, Isabelle Mueller, Johannes Wölfer, Christian Ewelt, Matthias Maas, Benjamin Brokinkel, Walter Stummer
OBJECTIVE Awake craniotomies have become a feasible tool over time to treat brain tumors located in eloquent regions. Different techniques have been applied in neurooncology centers. Both "asleep-awake-asleep" (asleep) and "conscious sedation" were used subsequently at the authors' neurosurgical department. Since 2013, the authors have only performed conscious sedation surgeries, predominantly using the α2-receptor agonist dexmedetomidine as the anesthetic drug. The aim of this study was to compare both mentioned techniques and evaluate the clinical use of dexmedetomidine in the setting of awake craniotomies for glioma surgery...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275577/-study-of-sevoflurane-remifentanil-coadministration-on-improving-emergence-and-recovery-characteristics-of-patients-following-general-anaesthesia-with-sevoflurane
#10
H T Sun, M Xu, G L Chen, J He
Objective: To investigate the effects of remifentanil infusion on emergence and recovery characteristics of patients with thoracoscopic lobectomy following general anaesthesia with sevoflurane. Methods: One hundred patients, who were aged 37 to 65 years with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status 1-2, and scheduled for elective thoracoscopic lobectomy under general anaesthesia in National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, from February 2016 to August 2016, were allocated to receive sevoflurane maintenance regimen(group S, n =50)or sevoflurane/remifentanil maintenance regimen(group SR, n =50)by random digital table...
November 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239148/effects-of-closed-loop-intravenous-anesthesia-guided-by-the-bispectral-index-in-adult-patients-on-emergence-delirium-a-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Antonella Cotoia, Lucia Mirabella, Renata Beck, Pompeo Matrella, Valentina Assenzo, Thierry Chazot, Gilda Cinnella, Ngai Liu, Michele Dambrosio
BACKGROUND: Emergence delirium (ED) is an acute change in cognition after general anesthesia (GA) occurring in operative room, recovery room or in postanesthesia care. The automated propofolremifentanil titration by Bispectral index (BIS) (AutoTIVA) avoids period of deep (BIS<40) anesthesia and could potentially decrease the ED. The aim of this study was to evaluate ED in surgical patients under AutoTIVA, manual titration of propofol-remifentanil (ManualTIVA) or volatile BIS-guided GA...
December 13, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193472/intellectual-disability-is-a-risk-factor-for-delayed-emergence-from-total-intravenous-anaesthesia
#12
H Higuchi, S Maeda, M Ishii-Maruhama, Y Honda-Wakasugi, A Yabuki-Kawase, T Miyawaki
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that ID influences the depth of general anaesthesia (GA) and delays emergence from GA. In this retrospective cohort study, we investigated whether ID affects the time taken to emerge from GA. METHODS: We selected dental patients who underwent GA at the Department of Dental Anaesthesiology, Okayama University Hospital, using predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, before dividing the selected participants into ID and non-ID (control) groups...
March 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165753/clinical-research-on-airway-intervention-before-tracheal-extubation-after-general-anesthesia-on-snoring-children
#13
Q Yang, Z-H Liu, Y-L Chang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the method and the effect of airway intervention before tracheal extubation in post-anesthesia cure unit (PACU) after anesthesia when removing the tonsil under general anesthesia and adenoidectomy under nasal endoscope on children with snoring. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 46 cases diagnosed as snoring were executively selected in this study. The cases were randomly divided into the control group (n = 22) and the observation group (n = 24). For airway intervention after general anesthesia during the recovery period, the control group was treated with intravenous injection of 0...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132458/-efficacy-of-analgesic-and-sedative-treatments-in-children-with-mechanical-ventilation-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#14
Xiao-Fang Cai, Fu-Rong Zhang, Long Zhang, Ji-Min Sun, Wen-Bin Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of different analgesic and sedative treatments in children with mechanical ventilation in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: Eighty children with mechanical ventilation in the PICU who needed analgesic and sedative treatments were equally and randomly divided into midazolam group and remifentanil+midazolam group. The sedative and analgesic effects were assessed using the Ramsay Scale and the Face, Legs, Activity, Cry and Consolability (FLACC) Scale...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121294/low-dose-buprenorphine-infusion-to-prevent-postoperative-hyperalgesia-in-patients-undergoing-major-lung-surgery-and-remifentanil-infusion-a-double-blind-randomized-active-controlled-trial
#15
Marco Mercieri, Stefano Palmisani, Roberto A De Blasi, Antonio D'Andrilli, Alessia Naccarato, Barbara Silvestri, Sara Tigano, Domenico Massullo, Monica Rocco, Roberto Arcioni
Background: Postoperative secondary hyperalgesia arises from central sensitization due to pain pathways facilitation and/or acute opioid exposure. The latter is also known as opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). Remifentanil, a potent μ-opioid agonist, reportedly induces postoperative hyperalgesia and increases postoperative pain scores and opioid consumption. The pathophysiology underlying secondary hyperalgesia involves N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-mediated pain pathways. In this study, we investigated whether perioperatively infusing low-dose buprenorphine, an opioid with anti-NMDA activity, in patients receiving remifentanil infusion prevents postoperative secondary hyperalgesia...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119207/anesthesia-in-a-child-with-suspected-peroxisomal-disorder
#16
J S Englbrecht, M Maas
We present the case of an 8‑year-old female child with suspected peroxisomal disorder requiring general anesthesia for adenotomy, paracentesis and brainstem-evoked response audiometry. Peroxisomes are small intracellular organelles that catalyse key metabolic reactions. Peroxisomal disorders are a heterogeneous group of rare genetic diseases. Anesthesia can be challenging as adrenal insufficiency, mental retardation, muscle weakness, risk of pulmonary aspiration, airway complications, seizure disorders and altered pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics can occur in these patients but guidelines for anesthesia do not exist due to the heterogeneity and rarity of these diseases and case reports are rare...
December 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104660/target-controlled-infusion-of-propofol-and-remifentanil-combined-with-dexmedetomidine-reduces-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-bleeding
#17
Deng-Feng Ding, Li-Fang Wu, Ping Wang, Yuan-Xu Jiang, Yao-Wen Luo, Zhong-Liang Dai, Xue-Ping Zhang, Ya-Li Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of target-controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol and remifentanil combined with dexmedetomidine on functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) bleeding and surgical field. 62 patients scheduled to undergo FESS were randomly divided into experimental group (intravenous 0.5 µg kg-1 h-1 dexmedetomidine after 0.5 µg kg-1 bolus within 15 min until the end of surgery) or control group (intravenous saline administration at the same dose). All patients underwent endotracheal intubation under general anesthesia with TCI of propofol and remifentanil for anesthesia induction and maintenance...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076978/effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-on-the-stress-response-during-extubation-after-general-anesthesia-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-elective-supratentorial-craniotomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Wen-Ya Bai, Yan-Chao Yang, Xiu-Fei Teng, Yu-Xiao Wan, Wei Wei, Jun-Chao Zhu
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients have an increased risk of a stress response during extubation after general anesthesia. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) might decrease the stress response and improve the quality of recovery in elderly patients after elective supratentorial craniotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective randomized controlled study, patients were randomly assigned to either a TEAS group (n=37) or a control group (n=38)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882741/tracheal-extubation-with-suction-vs-positive-pressure-during-emergence-from-general-anaesthesia-in-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Joël L'Hermite, Olivier Wira, Chritel Castelli, Jean-Emmanuel de La Coussaye, Jacques Ripart, Philippe Cuvillon
BACKGROUND: After general anaesthesia (GA) in adults, the optimal tracheal extubation technique (positive pressure or suctioning) remains debated. The primary endpoint of this study was to assess the effects of these techniques on onset time of desaturation (SpO2<92%). METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with a body mass index<30 scheduled for elective orthopaedic surgery were allocated to positive pressure (PP) or suctioning (SUC) group. GA was standardised with propofol and remifentanil via target-controlled infusion...
September 4, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810649/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-combined-with-sufentanil-on-preventing-emergence-agitation-in-children-receiving-sevoflurane-anesthesia-for-cleft-palate-repair-surgery
#20
Ke Luo, Jun-Mei Xu, Lin Cao, Ju Gao
The aim of the present study was to observe whether dexmedetomidine (DEX) combined with sufentanil decreased emergence agitation (EA) in children receiving sevoflurane anesthesia for cleft palate repair surgery. Children undergoing elective cleft palate repair surgery were randomly allocated into the DEX + sufentanil group (group DS; n=50) and the normal saline + fentanyl group (group SF; n=50). Patients in group DS were treated with 0.5 µg/kg DEX prior to induction of anesthesia, whereas patients in group SF received an equal volume of normal saline...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
keyword
keyword
81998
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"