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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544906/development-of-a-harmonized-patient-reported-outcome-questionnaire-to-assess-myelofibrosis-symptoms-in-clinical-trials
#1
Chad Gwaltney, Jean Paty, Virginia E Kwitkowski, Ruben A Mesa, Amylou C Dueck, Elektra J Papadopoulos, Lixia Wang, Joseph Feliciano, Stephen Joel Coons
Along with reducing spleen size, relieving symptom severity is a key objective of the treatment of myelofibrosis (MF). Several questionnaires have been developed for patient self-report of MF symptoms in clinical trials and each includes unique instructions, items, and/or response scales. This variability in questionnaire content increases uncertainty; it is unclear which questionnaire is the most appropriate for assessing MF symptoms and it makes comparisons across trials difficult. The Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) Consortium's MF Working Group (WG) was established to review existing MF symptom questionnaires and to develop a harmonized, consensus-based PRO questionnaire for use in future MF trials...
May 12, 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544241/effect-of-rrr-%C3%AE-tocopherol-supplementation-on-serum-of-breastfeeding-women-up-to-60-days-after-delivery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
L Q Lira, C S S Gurgel, A L de Sousa, A G A da Silva, J C Padovam, M N Moia, R L M Silva, R Dimenstein
BACKGROUND: Maternal supplementation is a viable strategy to combat vitamin E deficiency in newborns, although a protocol for maternal vitamin E supplementation has not been defined. The present study assessed the effect of maternal supplementation in a single dose on the serum of postpartum women up to 60 days after delivery. METHODOLOGY: Fifty healthy breastfeeding women were recruited at two maternity hospitals both located in Natal, RN, Brazil. The participants were randomly allocated to a control group and a treatment group in a 1 : 1 ratio...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540735/yup-ik-identity-and-socioeconomic-status-are-associated-with-child-consumption-of-traditional-food-and-weight-in-rural-yup-ik-communities
#3
Anne-Claire Maurice, Jacques Philip, Andrea Bersamin
OBJECTIVE: In remote, Alaska Native communities, traditional foods remain a significant source of essential nutrients and appear to protect against the development of chronic diseases. Relatively low intake of traditional foods among Alaska Native children is therefore of concern. The aim of this study was to identify household and parental predictors of child traditional food (TF) consumption and weight in remote Yup'ik communities of Alaska. DESIGN: Children (10-18 years old) and parents in two communities (populations <500) were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study...
May 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539412/maternal-dietary-patterns-during-pregnancy-are-associated-with-newborn-body-composition
#4
Anne P Starling, Katherine A Sauder, Jill L Kaar, Allison Lb Shapiro, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Dana Dabelea
Background: Maternal dietary intake during pregnancy may influence offspring growth and adiposity. Specific dietary patterns associated with newborn adiposity have not been identified.Objective: We aimed to identify patterns of maternal dietary intake associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) and fasting glucose during pregnancy and to evaluate whether adherence to these patterns is associated with newborn adiposity.Methods: In the Healthy Start prospective cohort, dietary intake during pregnancy was assessed via 24-h recalls...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539376/longitudinal-associations-of-away-from-home-eating-snacking-screen-time-and-physical-activity-behaviors-with-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-among-chinese-children-and-their-parents
#5
Fei Dong, Annie Green Howard, Amy H Herring, Amanda L Thompson, Linda S Adair, Barry M Popkin, Allison E Aiello, Bing Zhang, Penny Gordon-Larsen
Background: Little is known about intergenerational differences in associations of urbanization-related lifestyle behaviors with cardiometabolic risk factors in children and their parents in rapidly urbanizing China.Objective: We tested the intergenerational differences in longitudinal associations of away-from-home eating, snacking, screen time, and leisure-time sports with high waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), elevated blood pressure (BP), elevated glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) among Chinese children and their parents...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539198/total-usual-intake-of-shortfall-nutrients-varies-with-poverty-among-us-adults
#6
Regan L Bailey, Sharon R Akabas, Erin E Paxson, Sowmyanarayanan V Thuppal, Shilpa Saklani, Katherine L Tucker
OBJECTIVE: To examine shortfall nutrient intakes (ie, calcium, folate, potassium, magnesium, and vitamins A, C, D, and E) by poverty-to-income ratio (PIR). DESIGN: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2012, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: US adults with complete data on poverty status and diet were included (n = 4,524). ANALYSIS: The National Cancer Institute method was used to estimate total usual micronutrient intakes from foods, beverages, medications, and dietary supplements reported on 2 24-hour dietary recalls using measurement error correction...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537336/dietary-risk-factors-by-race-ethnicity-age-group-and-gender-in-a-representative-sample-of-us-older-adults
#7
J A Vaccaro, F G Huffman
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships among ethnicity/race, gender, demographics, age-group and dietary health in a nationally representative sample of older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data for this study were collected by interview in the mobile examination centers from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2011 - 2012. PARTICIPANTS: U.S. representative sample of adults aged 55 years and older (N = 1860) from five ethnic/racial groups...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537092/eating-away-from-home-influences-on-the-dietary-quality-of-adolescents-with-overweight-or-obesity
#8
Allison W Watts, Maria Valente, Andrew Tu, Louise C Mâsse
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of peers and the source of meals and snacks on the dietary quality of adolescents seeking obesity treatment. METHODS: Baseline surveys were completed by 173 adolescents with overweight or obesity (11-16 years old) enrolled in an e-health intervention in Vancouver, British Columbia. Dietary quality was assessed with three 24-h dietary recalls used to compute a Healthy Eating Index adapted to the Canadian context (HEI-C). Multiple linear regression examined associations between HEI-C scores and the frequency of: (i) meals prepared away from home, (ii) purchasing snacks from vending machines or stores, (iii) eating out with friends, and (iv) peers modeling healthy eating...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536743/high-protein-intake-along-with-paternal-part-time-employment-is-associated-with-higher-body-fat-mass-among-girls-from-south-china
#9
Ming-Zhe Yang, Hong-Mei Xue, Jay Pan, Lars Libuda, Rebecca Muckelbauer, Min Yang, Liming Quan, Guo Cheng
PURPOSE: Protein intake has been suggested to be associated with body composition among western children. Our aim was to determine whether protein intake is associated with body composition among Chinese children and to investigate whether parental socioeconomic status modifies these associations. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from the baseline survey of an ongoing population-based prospective open cohort study conducted in 2013. In this survey, 2039 children in South China were recruited using cluster random sampling...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535111/relative-validity-and-reproducibility-of-an-interviewer-administered-14-item-ffq-to-estimate-flavonoid-intake-among-older-adults-with-mild-moderate-dementia
#10
Katherine Kent, Karen Charlton
There is a large burden on researchers and participants when attempting to accurately measure dietary flavonoid intake using dietary assessment. Minimizing participant and researcher burden when collecting dietary data may improve the validity of the results, especially in older adults with cognitive impairment. A short 14-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure flavonoid intake, and flavonoid subclasses (anthocyanins, flavan-3-ols, flavones, flavonols, and flavanones) was developed and assessed for validity and reproducibility against a 24-hour recall...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533962/dietary-flavonoids-of-spanish-youth-intakes-sources-and-association-with-the-mediterranean-diet
#11
Rowaedh Ahmed Bawaked, Helmut Schröder, Lourdes Ribas Barba, Gabriela Cárdenas, Luis Peña-Quintana, Carmen Pérez Rodrigo, Montserrat Fíto, Lluis Serra Majem
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets have been linked to high diet quality and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The health impact of plant-based diets might be partially explained by the concomitant intake of flavonoids. Estimation of flavonoids intake in adults has been important for the development of dietary recommendations and interventions for the prevention of weight gain and its consequences. However, estimation of flavonoids intake in children and adolescents is limited. METHODS: Average daily intake and sources of flavonoids were estimated for a representative national sample of 3,534 children and young people in Spain, aged 2-24 years...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533158/relationships-between-food-neophobia-and-food-intake-and-preferences-findings-from-a-sample-of-new-zealand-adults
#12
S R Jaeger, M A Rasmussen, J Prescott
Food neophobia (FN) has been shown to be a strong influence on food preferences using primarily small data sets. This has limited the explanatory power of FN and the extent to which it can be related to other factors that influence food choice. To address these limitations, we collected Food Neophobia Scale data from 1167 adults from New Zealand over a 45-month period. Participants also completed a 112-item food preference questionnaire and a self-report 24°hour, a 145 item food intake recall survey, and the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ)...
May 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532453/impact-of-legumes-and-plant-proteins-consumption-on-cognitive-performances-in-the-elderly
#13
Elisa Mazza, Antonietta Fava, Yvelise Ferro, Marta Moraca, Stefania Rotundo, Carmela Colica, Francesco Provenzano, Rosa Terracciano, Marta Greco, Daniela Foti, Elio Gulletta, Diego Russo, Domenico Bosco, Arturo Pujia, Tiziana Montalcini
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have investigated the role of the dietary factors in the prevention of cognitive decline but the short-term effects of foods choice on cognitive performances in the elderly are poorly explored. Our aim was to investigate the choice of foods among elderly Italian individuals and the association with cognitive function. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, the participants were 214 individuals aged ≥65 years with a score >20 at the Mini Mental State Examination...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531790/an-initial-evaluation-of-newly-proposed-biomarker-of-zinc-status-in-humans-linoleic-acid-dihomo-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-la-dgla-ratio
#14
Marija Knez, James C R Stangoulis, Manja Zec, Jasmina Debeljak-Martacic, Zoran Pavlovic, Mirjana Gurinovic, Maria Glibetic
BACKGROUND: Zinc is an essential micronutrient for humans with important physiological functions. A sensitive and specific biomarker for assessing Zn status is still needed. OBJECTIVE: The major aim of this study was to examine if the changes in the content of plasma phospholipid LA, DGLA and LA: DGLA ratio can be used to efficiently predict the dietary Zn intake and plasma Zn status of humans. METHODS: The study was performed on healthy human volunteers, 25-55 years of age...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531133/urban-rural-disparities-in-energy-intake-and-contribution-of-fat-and-animal-source-foods-in-chinese-children-aged-4-17-years
#15
Ji Zhang, Dantong Wang, Alison L Eldridge, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels. DESIGN: Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment...
May 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528481/consent-an-event-or-a-memory-in-lumbar-spinal-surgery-a-multi-centre-multi-specialty-prospective-study-of-documentation-and-patient-recall-of-consent-content
#16
William B Lo, Ciaran P McAuley, Martin J Gillies, Patrick J Grover, Erlick A C Pereira
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, multi-centre, multi-specialty medical notes review and patient interview. PURPOSE: The consenting process is an important communication tool which also carries medico-legal implications. While written consent is a pre-requisite before spinal surgery in the UK, the standard and effectiveness of the process have not been assessed previously. This study assesses standard of written consent for elective lumbar decompressive surgery for degenerative disc disease across different regions and specialties in the UK; level of patient recall of the consent content; and identifies factors which affect patient recall...
May 20, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527745/early-life-protein-intake-food-sources-correlates-and-tracking-across-the-first-5-years-of-life
#17
Karen J Campbell, Gavin Abbott, Miaobing Zheng, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: High consumption of protein has been associated with accelerated growth and adiposity in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To describe intake, food sources, correlates, and tracking of protein in young children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). Dietary data were collected using three 24-hour dietary recalls at ages 9 and 18 months as well as 3.5 and 5 years. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: First-time mothers and their child (n=542) participated in an 18-month intervention to prevent childhood obesity and the cohort was followed-up with no intervention when children were aged 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526380/comparison-between-two-assessment-tools-for-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-relative-to-the-24-h-recall
#18
Mariana Souza Lopes, Luana Caroline Dos Santos, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes, Mery Natali Silva Abreu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of methods assessing fruit and vegetable (FV) intake among Brazilian users of the Primary Attention Health Care Program. METHODS: The present study included 299 participants (age ≥20 y) from a representative sample from a randomized controlled community trial performed as part of a health promotion program in a Brazilian metropolis. All participants completed three methods for the assessment of FV consumption: brief questionnaire of FV (QBrief-FV), food frequency questionnaire of FV, and a 24-h dietary recall...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526362/using-secondary-24-hour-dietary-recall-data-to-estimate-daily-dietary-factor-intake-from-the-flashe-study-dietary-screener
#19
Teresa M Smith, Eric E Calloway, Courtney A Pinard, Erin Hennessy, April Y Oh, Linda C Nebeling, Amy L Yaroch
INTRODUCTION: The National Cancer Institute's 2014 Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study utilized a 27-item Dietary Screener tailored to adolescent eating patterns that assessed the frequency of intake of several foods and beverages in parent-adolescent dyads. This study estimated intake of fruits and vegetables (FVs), dairy, added sugars, and whole grains for screener respondents using existing, nationally representative, 24-hour dietary recall data. METHODS: Dietary Screener items were converted from frequency responses to daily intake...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526000/barriers-and-facilitators-to-smoking-cessation-in-a-cancer-context-a-qualitative-study-of-patient-family-and-professional-views
#20
Mary Wells, Patricia Aitchison, Fiona Harris, Gozde Ozakinci, Andrew Radley, Linda Bauld, Vikki Entwistle, Alastair Munro, Sally Haw, Bill Culbard, Brian Williams
BACKGROUND: Continued smoking after cancer adversely affects quality of life and survival, but one fifth of cancer survivors still smoke. Despite its demands, cancer presents an opportunity for positive behaviour change. Smoking often occurs in social groups, therefore interventions which target families and individuals may be more successful. This qualitative study explored patients, family members and health professionals' views and experiences of smoking and smoking cessation after cancer, in order to inform future interventions...
May 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
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