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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223397/-borneol-suppresses-conditioned-fear-recall-and-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-mice
#1
Bo Cao, Huan-Yu Ni, Jun Li, Ying Zhou, Xin-Lan Bian, Yan Tao, Cheng-Yun Cai, Cheng Qin, Hai-Yin Wu, Lei Chang, Chun-Xia Luo, Dong-Ya Zhu
Fear- and anxiety-related psychiatric disorders have been one of the major chronic diseases afflicting patients for decades, and new compounds for treating such disorders remain to be developed. (+)-Borneol, a bicyclic monoterpene found in several species of Artemisia and Dipterocarpaceae, is widely used for anxiety, pain and anesthesia in Chinese medicine. Meanwhile, it can potentiate GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) activity directly in recombinant GABAA receptors. The present study was to investigate the effects of (+)-Borneol on both contextual and cued fear recall...
December 6, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222902/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-of-korean-children-and-adolescents-according-to-cooking-location-and-daily-meal-study-based-on-2010-and-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#2
Yong-Suk Kwon, Yangsuk Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the intake of fruits and vegetables by cooking location and daily meals for Korean children and adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: For this study, 2,538 Korean children and adolescents aged 7-18 years, who participated in the 2010 and 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey dietary intake survey (24-hour recall methods), were sampled. RESULTS: The total unsalted fruit and vegetable intake for all subjects was 300 g (aged 7-12 years, 280 g; aged 13-18 years, 316 g)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222901/association-of-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-with-overweight-among-indonesian-children-6-12-years-of-age
#3
Heryudarini Harahap, Sandjaja Sandjaja, Moesijanti Soekatri, Ilse Khouw, Paul Deurenberg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Indonesia is currently facing double burden malnutrition in children. As overweight and obesity are due to a disturbed energy balance, this study aimed to assess the association of total energy intake and physical activity with the prevalence of overweight among Indonesian children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The data used for this analysis were from 1143 children, 6-12 years old, that participated in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222880/consumption-and-sources-of-added-sugar-in-indonesia-a-review
#4
Atmarita, Nelis Imanningsih, Abas B Jahari, Ir Dewi Permaesih, Pauline Chan, Maria Sofia Amarra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present report summarized the best available evidence regarding consumption level and sources of free or added sugars in Indonesia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Information was extracted from food balance sheets, household expenditure surveys, nutrition surveys, published studies, unpublished theses/ dissertations, and government reports. RESULTS: A total of 18 references were obtained, showing varying results. Indonesia's national surveys suggested intakes of sugar below 50 grams per day or below 10% of energy intake...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219626/eveningness-is-associated-with-skipping-breakfast-and-poor-nutritional-intake-in-brazilian-undergraduate-students
#5
Gabriela Pereira Teixeira, Maria Carliana Mota, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Some studies have proposed that self-reported eveningness, which reflects the preference of performing activities in the evening, may harm nutritional health and influence the eating behavior and nutritional status of individuals. However, the relationship between these variables (eveningness and nutritional status) and the consumption of breakfast, which is currently considered a marker of health, has been insufficiently explored by studies. The aim of this study was to investigate, in undergraduate students, the association between diurnal preference, being overweight, and food consumption (with special focus on breakfast)...
December 8, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217263/the-dietary-inflammatory-index-is-associated-with-elevated-white-blood-cell-counts-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
Michael D Wirth, Maria Sevoyan, Lorne Hofseth, Nitin Shivappa, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert
White blood cells (WBCs) are considered a reliable biomarker of inflammation. Elevations in both WBCs and pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with several chronic conditions. Diet is a strong moderator of inflammation and WBCs. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) and WBCs using data from the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). NHANES is a cross-sectional study that occurs in two-year cycles. Respondents from five cycles (n=26,046) with available data on diet (collected through a single 24-hour dietary recall [24HR]) and WBCs (derived using the Coulter method) were included...
December 4, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217099/proinflammatory-diets-during-pregnancy-and-neonatal-adiposity-in-the-healthy-start-study
#7
Brianna F Moore, Katherine A Sauder, Anne P Starling, James R Hébert, Nitin Shivappa, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) scores during pregnancy and neonatal adiposity. STUDY DESIGN: The analysis included 1078 mother-neonate pairs in Healthy Start, a prospective prebirth cohort. Diet was assessed using repeated 24-hour dietary recalls. DII scores were obtained by summing nutrient intakes, which were standardized to global means and multiplied by inflammatory effect scores. Air displacement plethysmography measured fat mass and fat-free mass within 72 hours of birth...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214863/impact-of-a-weight-management-intervention-on-eating-competence-importance-of-measurement-interval-in-protocol-design
#8
Barbara Lohse, Jodi Stotts Krall, Tricia Psota, Penny Kris-Etherton
PURPOSE: To examine changes in eating competence (EC) in 12-month weight loss intervention. DESIGN: Randomized, parallel-arm with weight loss phase (baseline to month 4) and weight-maintenance phase (months 4-12). SETTING: Face-to-face in University classrooms, supervised and self-directed fitness sessions at University fitness center, and home. PARTICIPANTS: Premenopausal, mostly college-educated Pennsylvania women, body mass index >25 (n = 101)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214669/tooth-loss-and-its-relationship-with-protein-intake-by-elderly-brazilians-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#9
Rafael A Bomfim, Luciana B de Souza, José E Corrente
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at assessing the relationship between self-perceived tooth loss and wearing dentures, on the one hand, and the consumption of protein, on the other hand, among the elderly population of Botucatu, SP. Food consumption tends to decrease with ageing, especially protein intake, and one of the causes could be the precariousness of oral health. Several risk factors associated with deficient dietary protein intake have been identified, namely greater physical dependence, reduced caloric intake and food insecurity, but no studies have analysed whether tooth loss and prostheses interfere with protein intake...
December 7, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209462/dietary-intakes-of-adolescents-from-food-insecure-households-analysis-of-data-from-the-6th-2013-2015-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#10
Mariam Nakitto, Kana Asano, Injoo Choi, Jihyun Yoon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at evaluating the dietary intakes of Korean adolescents affected by food insecurity, in comparison with those who were food secure. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study used one day 24-hour dietary recall data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The study subjects consisted of 1,453 adolescents of whom 695 were middle school-aged and 758 were high school-aged. Food security status was assessed using the 18-item questionnaire...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207495/validity-of-dietary-assessment-in-athletes-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Louise Capling, Kathryn L Beck, Janelle A Gifford, Gary Slater, Victoria M Flood, Helen O'Connor
Dietary assessment methods that are recognized as appropriate for the general population are usually applied in a similar manner to athletes, despite the knowledge that sport-specific factors can complicate assessment and impact accuracy in unique ways. As dietary assessment methods are used extensively within the field of sports nutrition, there is concern the validity of methodologies have not undergone more rigorous evaluation in this unique population sub-group. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare two or more methods of dietary assessment, including dietary intake measured against biomarkers or reference measures of energy expenditure, in athletes...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204530/hippocampal-dose-volume-histogram-predicts-hopkins-verbal-learning-test-scores-after-brain-irradiation
#12
Catherine Okoukoni, Emory R McTyre, Diandra N Ayala Peacock, Ann M Peiffer, Roy Strowd, Christina Cramer, William H Hinson, Steve Rapp, Linda Metheny-Barlow, Edward G Shaw, Michael D Chan
Purpose: Radiation-induced cognitive decline is relatively common after treatment for primary and metastatic brain tumors; however, identifying dosimetric parameters that are predictive of radiation-induced cognitive decline is difficult due to the heterogeneity of patient characteristics. The memory function is especially susceptible to radiation effects after treatment. The objective of this study is to correlate volumetric radiation doses received by critical neuroanatomic structures to post-radiation therapy (RT) memory impairment...
October 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202890/the-validity-of-a-web-based-ffq-assessed-by-doubly-labelled-water-and-multiple-24-h-recalls
#13
Anine C Medin, Monica H Carlsen, Catherine Hambly, John R Speakman, Susanne Strohmaier, Lene F Andersen
The aim of this study was to validate the estimated habitual dietary intake from a newly developed web-based FFQ (WebFFQ), for use in an adult population in Norway. In total, ninety-two individuals were recruited. Total energy expenditure (TEE) measured by doubly labelled water was used as the reference method for energy intake (EI) in a subsample of twenty-nine women, and multiple 24-h recalls (24HR) were used as the reference method for the relative validation of macronutrients and food groups in the entire sample...
December 5, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202335/sweet-taste-preference-in-binge-eating-disorder-a-preliminary-investigation
#14
Erica L Goodman, Lauren Breithaupt, Hunna J Watson, Christine M Peat, Jessica H Baker, Cynthia M Bulik, Kimberly A Brownley
Research suggests that individuals with high liking for sweets are at increased risk for binge eating, which has been minimally investigated in individuals with binge-eating disorder (BED). Forty-one adults (85% female, 83% white) with binge eating concerns completed a sweet taste test and measures of eating disorder behaviors and food cravings. A subset of participants with BED completed an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT; N=21) and a 24-hour dietary recall (N=26). Regression models were used to compare highest sweet preferers (HSP [N=18]) to other sweet preferers (OSP [N=23]) and were used to assess associations between sweet taste preference and outcome variables...
November 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199859/nutrient-intake-and-factors-influencing-eating-behaviors-in-older-migrant-women-living-in-the-united-kingdom
#15
Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood, Janice L Thompson
This study examines nutrient intake and factors influencing eating behaviors in a sample of 76 migrant older women (≥ 60 years) living in the UK. Nutrient intake was assessed using a 24-hr recall enhanced by an in-depth probing dietary interview. Median energy intake was significantly lower than the UK RNIs (5,125.4 v. 7,301.1 kJ/d, p < .001). Main nutrients of concern were retinol, vitamin D, magnesium, potassium, copper, selenium, and monounsaturated fatty acids. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a subsample (n = 46) and analyzed using thematic analysis...
December 4, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199181/takeaway-meal-consumption-and-risk-markers-for-coronary-heart-disease-type-2-diabetes-and-obesity-in-children-aged-9-10-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Angela S Donin, Claire M Nightingale, Chris G Owen, Alicja R Rudnicka, Derek G Cook, Peter H Whincup
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between takeaway meal consumption and risk markers for coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity risk markers in children. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, school-based observational study. SETTING: 85 primary schools across London, Birmingham and Leicester. PARTICIPANTS: 1948 UK primary school children in year 5, aged 9-10 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Children reported their frequency of takeaway meal consumption, completed a 24-hour dietary recall, had physical measurements and provided a fasting blood sample...
December 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198468/high-and-low-sodium-intakes-are-associated-with-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-normal-renal-function-and-hypertension
#17
Chang-Yun Yoon, Juhwan Noh, Jinae Lee, Youn Kyung Kee, Changhwan Seo, Misol Lee, Min-Uk Cha, Hyoungnae Kim, Seohyun Park, Hae-Ryong Yun, Su-Young Jung, Jong Hyun Jhee, Seung Hyeok Han, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Shin-Wook Kang, Jung Tak Park
The association between salt intake and renal outcome in subjects with preserved kidney function remains unclear. Here we evaluated the effect of sodium intake on the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a prospective cohort of people with normal renal function. Data were obtained from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study, a prospective community-based cohort study while sodium intake was estimated by a 24-hour dietary recall Food Frequency Questionnaire. A total of 3,106 individuals with and 4,871 patients without hypertension were analyzed with a primary end point of CKD development [a composite of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) under 60 mL/min/1...
November 29, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198191/diet-and-anthropometry-at-2-years-of-age-following-an-oral-health-promotion-programme-for-australian-aboriginal-children-and-their-carers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Lisa G Smithers, John Lynch, Joanne Hedges, Lisa M Jamieson
There are marked disparities between indigenous and non-indigenous children's diets and oral health. Both diet and oral health are linked to longer-term health problems. We aimed to investigate whether a culturally appropriate multi-faceted oral health promotion intervention reduced Aboriginal children's intake of sugars from discretionary foods at 2 years of age. We conducted a single-blind, parallel-arm randomised controlled trial involving women who were pregnant or had given birth to an Aboriginal child in the previous 6 weeks...
December 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197759/source-identification-of-human-exposure-to-lead-in-nine-cree-nations-from-quebec-canada-eeyou-istchee-territory
#19
Eric N Liberda, Leonard J S Tsuji, Ian D Martin, Pierre Ayotte, Elizabeth Robinson, Eric Dewailly, Evert Nieboer
While policies to decrease lead in the environment have been implemented to reduce human exposure to various lead sources, the use of lead ammunition to harvest wild game may continue to contribute significantly to human blood lead levels (BLLs). As part of a multi-community environment-and-health study, BLLs representing all age groups were evaluated in the nine Cree Nations located in the James and Hudson Bay regions of Quebec, Canada. Personal, market food, traditional food and 24-h recall questionnaires were administered...
November 30, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196859/validation-of-simplified-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-intensity-scale-in-taiwan
#20
Hsun-Chang Shin, Ting-Wei Kang, Yu Hua Wu, H Sunny Sun, Chia-Chih Alex Tseng
This study determined whether the Simplified Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Impact Scale (SPONVIS), could be used to predict clinically important PONV in Taiwanese. In this prospective, observational study, SPONVIS, simplified Apfel PONV Risk Scores, post-operative anti-emetic drug use, total PONV score, and 3-month recall score for PONV were recorded from Taiwanese patients who had undergone general anesthesia and surgery. With antiemetic use and 3-month recall score as validations of clinical significance, we determined whether the elements and cut-off points used in the original SPONVIS study could be used in Taiwanese patients...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
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