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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924705/long-term-air-pollution-and-traffic-noise-exposures-and-cognitive-function-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-heinz-nixdorf-recall-study
#1
Lilian Tzivian, Martha Dlugaj, Angela Winkler, Frauke Hennig, Kateryna Fuks, Dorothee Sugiri, Tamara Schikowski, Hermann Jakobs, Raimund Erbel, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus, Barbara Hoffmann, Christian Weimar
Investigations of adverse effects of air pollution (AP) and ambient noise on cognitive functions are apparently scarce, and findings seem to be inconsistent. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of long-term exposure to AP and traffic noise with cognitive performance. At the second examination of the population-based Heinz Nixdorf Recall study (2006-2008), cognitive performance was evaluated in 4086 participants. Long-term residential exposure to size-specific particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) with land use regression, to and traffic noise (weighted 24-h (LDEN) and nighttime (LNIGHT) means), was assessed according to the European Union (EU) Directive 2002/49/EC...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924285/habit-of-eating-breakfast-is-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-hypertension
#2
Tae Sic Lee, Jai Soon Kim, Yoo Jung Hwang, Yon Chul Park
BACKGROUND: The association between skipping breakfast and cardio-metabolic syndrome is well known. However, there are very few Korean studies about the habit of eating breakfast and hypertension. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between the habit of eating breakfast and hypertension in a healthy Korean population. METHODS: Participants in the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) were enrolled for this study...
September 2016: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917743/context-specific-complementary-feeding-recommendations-developed-using-optifood-could-improve-the-diets-of-breast-fed-infants-and-young-children-from-diverse-livelihood-groups-in-northern-kenya
#3
Marieke Vossenaar, Frances A Knight, Alison Tumilowicz, Christine Hotz, Peter Chege, Elaine L Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: To formulate age- and context-specific complementary feeding recommendations (CFR) for infants and young children (IYC) and to compare the potential of filling population-level nutrient gaps using common sets of CFR across age groups. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to develop CFR using locally available and acceptable foods based on livelihood- and age-group-specific dietary patterns observed through 24 h dietary recalls. Within each livelihood group, the nutrient potential of age-group-specific v...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909558/nutritional-quality-of-lunches-consumed-by-korean-workers-comparison-between-institutional-and-commercial-lunches
#4
Won Gyoung Kim, Injoo Choi, Jihyun Yoon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The nutritional quality of lunches is an important factor related to workers' health. This study examined the nutritional quality of Korean workers' lunches with a focus on comparing institutional and commercial lunches. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The data from a 1-day, 24-hour dietary recall from the 5(th) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012) were analyzed. A total of 2,192 subjects aged 19 to 64 years, who had consumed lunches served by institutional or commercial food service vendors, were included for analysis...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903517/branched-chain-fatty-acid-composition-of-human-milk-and-the-impact-of-maternal-diet-the-global-exploration-of-human-milk-gehm-study
#5
Kelly A Dingess, Christina J Valentine, Nicholas J Ollberding, Barbara S Davidson, Jessica G Woo, Suzanne Summer, Yongmei M Peng, M Lourdes Guerrero, Guillermo M Ruiz-Palacios, Rinat R Ran-Ressler, Robert J McMahon, J Thomas Brenna, Ardythe L Morrow
BACKGROUND: An understudied component of the diet, branched-chain fatty acids (BCFAs) are distinctive saturated fatty acids that may have an important influence on health. Human-milk fatty acid composition is known to differ worldwide, but comparative data are lacking on BCFAs. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypotheses that concentrations of BCFAs in human milk differ between populations and are associated with maternal diet. DESIGN: We surveyed the BCFA composition of samples collected as part of a standardized, prospective study of human-milk composition...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901029/synchronic-inverse-seasonal-rhythmus-of-energy-density-of-food-intake-and-sleep-quality-a-contribution-to-chrono-nutrition-from-a-polish-adult-population
#6
M Stelmach-Mardas, K Iqbal, M Mardas, L Schwingshackl, J Walkowiak, R J Tower, H Boeing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is evidence which suggests that sleep behavior and dietary intake are interlinked. Thus, we investigated whether a seasonal rhythm in food-energy density exists, and how this relates to quality of sleep. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Two hundred and thirty adult volunteers were investigated across the four seasons. Anthropometrical measurements were obtained and The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was used for an assessment of sleep quality and disturbances...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898731/reproducibility-and-validity-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-designed-to-assess-diet-in-children-aged-4-5-years
#7
Jesus Vioque, Daniel Gimenez-Monzo, Eva Maria Navarrete-Muñoz, Manuela Garcia-de-la-Hera, Sandra Gonzalez-Palacios, Marisa Rebagliato, Ferran Ballester, Mario Murcia, Carmen Iñiguez, Fernando Granado
BACKGROUND: The food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) is the most efficient and cost-effective method to investigate the relationship between usual diet and disease in epidemiologic studies. Although FFQs have been validated in many adult populations worldwide, the number of valid FFQ in preschool children is very scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility and validity of a semi-quantitative FFQ designed for children aged 4 to 5 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we have included 169 children aged 4-5 years from the INMA project in Valencia, a population-based prospective cohort study of mothers and children in Spain...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898071/are-adolescents-more-vulnerable-to-the-harmful-effects-of-cannabis-than-adults-a-placebo-controlled-study-in-human-males
#8
C Mokrysz, T P Freeman, S Korkki, K Griffiths, H V Curran
Preclinical research demonstrates that cannabinoids have differing effects in adolescent and adult animals. Whether these findings translate to humans has not yet been investigated. Here we believe we conducted the first study to compare the acute effects of cannabis in human adolescent (n=20; 16-17 years old) and adult (n=20; 24-28 years old) male cannabis users, in a placebo-controlled, double-blind cross-over design. After inhaling vaporized active or placebo cannabis, participants completed tasks assessing spatial working memory, episodic memory and response inhibition, alongside measures of blood pressure and heart rate, psychotomimetic symptoms and subjective drug effects (for example, 'stoned', 'want to have cannabis')...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898035/dietary-b-vitamins-and-a-10-year-risk-of-dementia-in-older-persons
#9
Sophie Lefèvre-Arbogast, Catherine Féart, Jean-François Dartigues, Catherine Helmer, Luc Letenneur, Cécilia Samieri
B vitamins may lower the risk of dementia, yet epidemiological findings, mostly from countries with folic acid fortification, have remained inconsistent. We evaluated in a large French cohort of older persons the associations between dietary B vitamins and long-term incident dementia. We included 1321 participants from the Three-City Study who completed a 24 h dietary recall, were free of dementia at the time of diet assessment, and were followed for an average of 7.4 years. In Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for multiple potential confounders, including overall diet quality, higher intake of folate was inversely associated with the risk of dementia (p for trend = 0...
November 26, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896443/dietary-sources-of-sugars-in-adolescents-diet-the-helena-study
#10
M I Mesana, A Hilbig, O Androutsos, M Cuenca-García, J Dallongeville, I Huybrechts, S De Henauw, K Widhalm, A Kafatos, E Nova, A Marcos, M González-Gross, D Molnar, F Gottrand, L A Moreno
OBJECTIVE: To report dietary sugars consumption and their different types and food sources, in European adolescents. METHODS: Food consumption data of selected groups were obtained from 1630 adolescents (45.6% males, 12.5-17.5 years) from the HELENA study using two nonconsecutive 24-h recalls. Energy intake, total sugars and free sugars were assessed using the HELENA-DIAT software. Multiple regression analyses were performed adjusting for relevant confounders. RESULTS: Total sugars intake (137...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895005/qualitative-analysis-of-cognitive-interviews-with-school-children-a-web-based-food-intake-questionnaire
#11
Vanessa Fernandes Davies, Emil Kupek, Patricia Faria Di Pietro, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Francilene Gk Vieira, Clarice Perucchi, Rafaella Mafra, Debbe Thompson, Thomas Baranowski
BACKGROUND: The use of computers to administer dietary assessment questionnaires has shown potential, particularly due to the variety of interactive features that can attract and sustain children's attention. Cognitive interviews can help researchers to gain insights into how children understand and elaborate their response processes in this type of questionnaire. OBJECTIVE: To present the cognitive interview results of children who answered the WebCAAFE, a Web-based questionnaire, to obtain an in-depth understanding of children's response processes...
November 28, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893017/evaluation-of-cognitive-deficits-and-structural-hippocampal-damage-in-encephalitis-with-leucine-rich-glioma-inactivated-1-antibodies
#12
Carsten Finke, Harald Prüss, Josephine Heine, Sigrid Reuter, Ute A Kopp, Florian Wegner, Florian Then Bergh, Sebastian Koch, Olav Jansen, Thomas Münte, Günther Deuschl, Klemens Ruprecht, Winfried Stöcker, Klaus-Peter Wandinger, Friedemann Paul, Thorsten Bartsch
Importance: Limbic encephalitis with leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) antibodies is one of the most frequent variants of autoimmune encephalitis with antibodies targeting neuronal surface antigens. However, the neuroimaging pattern and long-term cognitive outcome are not well understood. Objective: To study cognitive outcome and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) alterations in patients with anti-LGI1 encephalitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Departments of Neurology at Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin and University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany...
November 21, 2016: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890481/growth-disparity-of-motherless-children-might-be-attributed-to-a-deficient-intake-of-high-quality-nutrients
#13
Hui Wang, Xu Tian, Shaowei Wu, Zhibin Hu
We hypothesized that single-parent children (SPC) are retarded in growth compared with both-parent children (BPC), and that motherless children (MC) are affected differently from fatherless children. Moreover, the growth disparity between SPC and BPC might be attributed to a deficient nutrient intake. Data from 2967 children between the ages of 2 and 18 years were extracted from 4 recent waves (2004, 2006, 2009, and 2011) of the China Health and Nutrition Survey to compare the growth status of SPC and BPC and to investigate the association between growth indicators and nutrition status...
November 14, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889417/dietary-zinc-and-incident-calcium-kidney-stones-in-adolescence
#14
Gregory E Tasian, Michelle E Ross, Lihai Song, Robert W Grundmeier, James Massey, Michelle R Denburg, Lawrence Copelovitch, Steven Warner, Thomas Chi, David W Killilea, Marshall L Stoller, Susan L Furth
PURPOSE: To determine the association between dietary zinc intake and incident calcium kidney stones and examine the relationship between dietary zinc intake and urinary zinc excretion among adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a nested case-control study conducted within a large pediatric healthcare system. Three 24-hour dietary recalls and spot urine chemistries were obtained for 30 participants aged 12-18 years with a first idiopathic calcium-based kidney stone and 30 healthy controls, matched on age, sex, race, and month of enrollment...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886131/changes-in-meat-poultry-fish-consumption-in-australia-from-1995-to-2011-2012
#15
Zhixian Sui, David Raubenheimer, Judy Cunningham, Anna Rangan
The purpose of the study was to examine temporal changes in meat/poultry/fish consumption patterns between 1995 and 2011-2012 in the Australian population. Meat/poultry/fish consumption from all food sources, including recipes, was analysed by gender, age group, and socio-economic status using 24-h recall data from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey (n = 13,858) and the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 12,153). The overall proportion of people consuming meat/poultry/fish remained stable (91...
November 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884184/dietary-patterns-of-early-childhood-and-maternal-socioeconomic-status-in-a-unique-prospective-sample-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-prenatal-dha-supplementation
#16
Brandon H Hidaka, Elizabeth H Kerling, Jocelynn M Thodosoff, Debra K Sullivan, John Colombo, Susan E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child's growth and development. The aim of this study was to define the major dietary patterns in a cohort of young US children, construct a maternal SES index, and evaluate their associations. METHODS: The diets of 190 children from a randomized, controlled trial of prenatal supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were recorded at 6-mo intervals from 2-4...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882455/memory-consolidation-effects-on-memory-stabilization-and-item-integration-in-older-adults
#17
Helen Brown, Elizabeth A Maylor
This study examined the differential effects of aging on consolidation processes that strengthen newly acquired memory traces in veridical form (memory stabilization) versus consolidation processes that are responsible for integrating these memory traces into an existing body of knowledge (item integration). Older adults learned 13 nonwords and were tested on their memory for the nonwords, and on whether these nonwords impacted upon processing of similar-sounding English words immediately and 24 hours later...
November 23, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881859/friends-and-social-contexts-as-unshared-environments-a-discordant-sibling-analysis-of-obesity-and-health-related-behaviors-in-young-adolescents
#18
S- Salvy, D M Feda, L H Epstein, J N Roemmich
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the contribution of best friends' weight and the peer social context (time spent alone versus with friends) as sources of unshared environment associated with variability in weight and health behaviors among weight-discordant siblings. METHODS: Pairs of same-sex biologic siblings (N=40 pairs; ages 13-17) were originally recruited as part of a study evaluating putative factors contributing to differences in adiposity among weight-discordant siblings...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881593/dairy-food-intake-is-associated-with-reproductive-hormones-and-sporadic-anovulation-among-healthy-premenopausal-women
#19
Keewan Kim, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Kara A Michels, Torie C Plowden, Ellen N Chaljub, Lindsey A Sjaarda, Sunni L Mumford
BACKGROUND: Dairy food intake has been associated with infertility; however, little is known with regard to associations with reproductive hormones or anovulation. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether intakes of dairy foods and specific nutrients were associated with reproductive hormone concentrations across the cycle and the risk of sporadic anovulation among healthy women. METHODS: We prospectively measured serum reproductive hormones ≤8 times/menstrual cycle for 2 cycles from 259 regularly menstruating women (mean age: 27...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881390/dietary-quality-of-the-us-child-and-adolescent-population-trends-from-1999-to-2012-and-associations-with-the-use-of-federal-nutrition-assistance-programs
#20
Xiao Gu, Katherine L Tucker
BACKGROUND: The state of the economy, changes in federal food assistance programs, and policies related to nutrition and the food supply in the United States may influence dietary quality in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: We investigated dietary quality trends from 1999 to 2012 in the US child and adolescent population and their associations with socioeconomic status and participation in federal food assistance programs. DESIGN: In this study, a nationally representative sample of 38,487 children and adolescents, aged 2-18 y, in the NHANES from 1999 to 2012 were included...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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