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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927842/relations-between-dairy-product-intake-and-blood-pressure-the-international-study-on-macro-micronutrients-and-blood-pressure
#1
Ghadeer S Aljuraiban, Jeremiah Stamler, Queenie Chan, Linda Van Horn, Martha L Daviglus, Paul Elliott, Linda M Oude Griep
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence suggests that low-fat dairy consumption may lower risk of hypertension. Dairy products may be distinctly linked to health, because of differences in nutritional composition, but little is known about specific nutrients that contribute to the dairy-blood pressure (BP) association, nor to underlying kidney function. METHODS: We examined cross-sectional associations to BP of dairy product intakes, total and by type, from the INTERnational study on MAcro/micronutrients and blood Pressure (INTERMAP) including 2694 participants aged 40-59 years from the UK and the USA...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927053/association-between-walnut-consumption-and-diabetes-risk-in-nhanes
#2
Lenore Arab, Satvinder K Dhaliwal, Carly J Martin, Alena D Larios, Nicholas J Jackson, David Elashoff
BACKGROUND: Dietary interventions and cohort studies relating tree nut consumption to blood glucose levels suggest a possible effect of walnuts. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between walnut consumption and diabetes risk using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS: NHANES survey data on adults conducting 24 hour dietary recall was pooled across the years 1999 through 2014. Diabetes status or risk was based on self-report, medication use, fasting plasma (FPG) glucose levels and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels...
June 21, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926993/do-the-contemporary-dietary-patterns-of-children-align-with-national-food-and-nutrient-recommendations
#3
K-L Holmes, M E Rollo, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: Childhood nutrition is important in optimising growth, development and future health. The present study compared dietary intakes of Australian children aged 4-8 years with (i) Australian Guide to Healthy Eating (AGHE) food group recommendations and (ii) age-specific Nutrient Reference Values (NRVs), in addition to (iii) describing food group intakes of children meeting key NRVs. METHODS: Data were obtained from a representative sample of children (n = 789) from the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey between May 2011 and June 2012...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925787/do-chinese-preschool-children-eat-a-sufficiently-diverse-diet-a-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#4
Hua Jiang, Ai Zhao, Wenzhi Zhao, Shengjie Tan, Jian Zhang, Yumei Zhang, Peiyu Wang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to comprehensively evaluate dietary diversity and its associated factors in Chinese preschoolers and explore whether the daily food consumption of children with different dietary diversity-associated characteristics met recommended dietary amounts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study covering seven cities and two villages was conducted and included 697 preschool children aged 3⁻7 years old. Dietary diversity score (DDS) and DDS 10 were calculated based on 24-h dietary recall...
June 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924330/monetary-diet-cost-is-positively-associated-with-diet-quality-and-obesity-an-analysis-of-school-aged-children-in-southwest-china
#5
Xiao Zhang, Yunhui Gong, Peng Jia, Jieyi Zhang, Hongmei Xue, Liming Quan, Guo Tian, Jingyuan Xiong, Lishi Zhang, Yu Wang, Lin Zhang, Guo Cheng
Background: Little is known about the relationships between diet cost, dietary intake and obesity in Chinese populations. This study explored how diet cost was related to diet quality and obesity among school-aged children in Southwest China. Methods: Data from a cross-sectional study was analysed. Diet cost was estimated based on dietary intake assessed with 24-h dietary recalls and retail food prices. Diet quality was measured using the Chinese Children Dietary Index...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920322/complementary-and-compensatory-dietary-changes-associated-with-consumption-or-omission-of-plain-water-by-us-adults
#6
Ashima K Kant, Barry I Graubard
We examined within-person and between-person differences in self-selected diets of free-living individuals when they choose to consume or not to consume plain water. We used 2-days of dietary data from the NHANES 2005-2012 for this study. For within-person analyses, we compared recalls of respondents who reported water in one of the two available recalls (n = 1875 men and 1479 women). For between-person analysis, we compared dietary recalls of respondents who reported water in two, one of two, or zero of two recalls (n = 8632 men and 8907 women)...
June 16, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920321/parenting-styles-food-related-parenting-practices-and-children-s-healthy-eating-a-meditation-analysis-to-examine-relationships-between-parenting-and-child-diet
#7
Nanette V Lopez, Susan Schembre, Britni R Belcher, Sydney O'Connor, Jaclyn P Maher, Reout Arbel, Gayla Margolin, Genevieve F Dunton
Parents exert a strong influence on their children's diet. While authoritative parenting style is linked to healthier weight and dietary outcomes in children, and authoritarian and permissive parenting styles with unhealthy eating, little is known about the mechanisms that mediate these relationships. Feeding styles are often examined in relation to child diet, but they do not consider the social and physical environmental contexts in which dietary behaviors occur. Therefore, this study examined whether parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive) were associated with three specific food-related parenting practices - mealtime structural practices (e...
June 16, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917051/combining-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-with-24-hour-recalls-to-increase-the-precision-of-estimating-usual-dietary-intakes-evidence-from-the-validation-studies-pooling-project
#8
Laurence S Freedman, Douglas Midthune, Lenore Arab, Ross L Prentice, Amy F Subar, Walter Willett, Marian L Neuhouser, Lesley F Tinker, Victor Kipnis
Improving estimates of individuals' dietary intakes is key to obtaining more reliable evidence for diet-health relationships from nutritional cohort studies. One approach to improvement is combining information from different self-report instruments. Previous work evaluated the gains obtained from combining information from a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and multiple 24-hour recalls (24HRs), based on assuming that 24HRs provide unbiased measures of individual intakes. Here, we evaluate the same approach of combining instruments, but based on the better assumption that recovery biomarkers provide unbiased measures of individual intakes...
June 18, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914626/a-positive-association-between-dietary-sodium-intake-and-obesity-and-central-obesity-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2006
#9
Xi Zhang, Jiawei Wang, Jibin Li, Yongfu Yu, Yiqing Song
The link between sodium and obesity has been accumulated over years. However, there has been few data reported on such sodium-obesity association from the general US population. This study is designed to assess the hypothesis that dietary sodium intake is independently and positively associated with obesity, central obesity, and measures of body composition among generally healthy US adults. We analyzed data on 9162 healthy participants aged 24 to 48 years (4813 men and 4349 women) with at least one valid diet recall from the 8-year National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2006)...
July 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913227/effects-of-bright-light-exposure-on-human-fear-conditioning-extinction-and-associated-prefrontal-activation
#10
Takuya Yoshiike, Motoyasu Honma, Naoto Yamada, Yoshiharu Kim, Kenichi Kuriyama
Bright light (BL) not only regulates human emotion and circadian physiology but can also directly modulate emotional memories. Impaired fear extinction and enhanced fear acquisition and consolidation are hallmarks of fear-circuitry disorders; thus, we tested whether BL facilitates fear extinction and inhibits fear acquisition. We randomly exposed 29 healthy humans to high- (9000 lx) or low-intensity light (<500 lx) for 15 min, near the nadir of the phase response to light, in a single-blind manner...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912268/diet-quality-indices-and-leukocyte-telomere-length-among-healthy-us-adults-data-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-nhanes-1999-2002
#11
Cindy W Leung, Teresa T Fung, Claire T McEvoy, Jue Lin, Elissa S Epel
Aging is the biggest risk factor for the development of chronic diseases. Telomere length may represent one important mechanism by which dietary intake influences age-related diseases; however, it is unknown which diet pattern is most strongly related to telomere length. We compared the relations between four evidence-based diet quality indices and leukocyte telomere length in a nationally representative sample of healthy adults, and the extent to which these associations differ between men and women. Data came from 4,758 adults, aged 20-65 years, with no prior diagnosis of major chronic disease, from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES)...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909813/reduced-plasma-concentration-of-branched-chain-amino-acids-in-sarcopenic-older-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Inger Ottestad, Stine M Ulven, Linn K L Øyri, Kristin S Sandvei, Gyrd O Gjevestad, Asta Bye, Navida A Sheikh, Anne S Biong, Lene F Andersen, Kirsten B Holven
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) are essential amino acids that are necessary for muscle mass maintenance. Little is known about the plasma concentrations of BCAA and the protein intake in relation to sarcopenia. We aimed to compare the non-fasting plasma concentrations of the BCAA and the dietary protein intake between sarcopenic and non-sarcopenic older adults. Norwegian older home-dwelling adults (≥70 years) were invited to a cross-sectional study with no other exclusion criteria than age. Sarcopenic subjects were defined by the diagnostic criteria by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People...
June 18, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908175/young-patients-with-sporadic-colorectal-adenomas-current-endoscopic-surveillance-practices-and-outcomes
#13
Jae Myung Cha, Danielle La Selva, Richard A Kozarek, Michael Gluck, Andrew Ross, Otto S Lin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: For young individuals (<40) without strong family histories that would put them at risk for genetic colorectal cancer syndromes, it is unclear if national Multi-Society Task Force surveillance recommendations apply or if endoscopists follow these guideline recommendations when such patients are incidentally found to have adenoma(s) on colonoscopy. METHODS: We reviewed records on young (<40-year-old) patients, with either no family history or only a "moderate" family history (one first-degree family member with colorectal cancer at age ≥50), who were found to have neoplastic polyp(s) on their index colonoscopy...
June 13, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907146/are-women-with-history-of-pre-eclampsia-starting-a-new-pregnancy-in-good-nutritional-status-in-south-africa-and-zimbabwe
#14
Gabriela Cormick, Ana Pilar Betrán, Janetta Harbron, Tina Dannemann Purnat, Catherine Parker, David Hall, Armando H Seuc, James M Roberts, José M Belizán, G Justus Hofmeyr
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy is an important contributor to pregnancy outcomes and early child health. The aim of this study was to describe the preconceptional nutritional status and dietary intake during pregnancy in high-risk women from South Africa and Zimbabwe. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study, nested to the CAP trial. Anthropometric measurements before and during pregnancy and dietary intake using 24-h recall during pregnancy were assessed...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904752/nine-year-clinical-performance-of-a-hema-free-one-step-self-etch-adhesive-in-noncarious-cervical-lesions
#15
Marleen Peumans, Laura Wouters, Jan De Munck, Bart Van Meerbeek, Kirsten Van Landuyt
PURPOSE: One-step self-etch adhesives are among the most popular adhesives to directly bond composite to tooth tissue, mainly because of their perceived ease-of-use. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of a HEMA-free 1-step self-etch adhesive (1SEa), as compared with a 3-step etch-and-rinse adhesive (3E&Ra). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 267 non-carious cervical lesions in 52 patients were restored with a microhybrid composite Gradia Direct (GC), bonded in random order either with the HEMA-free 1SEa G-Bond (GB; GC) or the considered gold-standard 3E&Ra Optibond FL (OFL; Kerr)...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903993/dietary-cholesterol-intake-and-sources-among-u-s-adults-results-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-nhanes-2001%C3%A2-2014
#16
Zhe Xu, Scott T McClure, Lawrence J Appel
The 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that individuals should minimize their dietary cholesterol intake. However, current dietary cholesterol intake and its food sources have not been well-characterized. We examined dietary cholesterol intake by age, sex, race, and food sources using 24-h dietary recall data from a nationally representative sample of 5047 adults aged 20 years or older who participated in NHANES (2013⁻2014 survey cycle). We also reported trends in cholesterol intake across the past seven NHANES surveys...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903267/-intake-of-fruits-among-chinese-adults-aged-18-65-years-old-in-15-provinces-2015
#17
Yang Chen, Jiguo Zhang, Xiaofang Jia, Wenwen Du, Chang Su, Bing Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Dandan Fan, Huijun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usual fruit intake of Chinese adults. METHODS: A total of 12 379 adults aged 18 to 65 years old with both 3 days 24 hours dietary recall data and FFQ data were chosen from China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study( 2015). The models of fruit consumption probability and amount for Chinese adults were fitted using the National Cancer Institute method( referred to as NCI), to evaluate the fruit usual intake of Chinese adults, and to describe the distribution of the consumption...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903266/-intake-of-pre-packaged-foods-among-chinese-adults-aged-18-59-years-old-in-15-provinces-2015
#18
Jiguo Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Wenwen Du, Chang Su, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Feifei Huang, Xiaofang Jia, Yifei Ouyang, Yun Wang, Li Li, Bing Zhang, Huijun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine pre-packaged foods intake in a sample of Chinese adults aged 18-59 years old. METHODS: Data was collected from 2015 China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study. A total of 10 240 participants aged 18-59 years were included in the final analysis. Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to collect dietary data. Chisquare analysis and nonparametric analysis were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Prepackaged foods consumption rate was 59...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903264/-intake-of-nuts-and-nuts-products-among-chinese-adults-aged-18-59-years-old-in-15-provinces-2015
#19
Yifei Ouyang, Bing Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Feifei Huang, Xiaofang Jia, Yun Wang, Li Li, Huijun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine nuts and nuts products consumption in a sample of Chinese adults aged 18-59 years old. METHODS: Samples were chosen from 2015 China Nutritional Transition Cohort Study. A total of 10 401 participants aged 18-59 years were included in the final analysis. Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to collect dietary consumption data. Average daily nuts, pre-packaged nuts products, and total nuts consumption were calculated. Non-parametric test was used to compare the differences...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903221/-analysis-on-the-dietary-survey-results-of-60-years-old-and-over-population-in-different-economic-area-of-zhejiang-province-in-2010-2012
#20
Dong Zhao, Lichun Huang, Danting Su, Wei Wang, Yueqiang Fang, Wei Gu, Enshan Huang, Ronghua Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the dietary energy and pattern of the elderly in different economic area of Zhejiang Province. METHODS: Data was from Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey from 2010 to 2012 in Zhejiang Province. The 24 h dietary recall method for 3 consecutive days was used in dietary survey and weighing method was used for condiment intake. RESULTS: There were 793 elderly( age≥60 years) attended in the survey. The intake of beans and nuts, fish and shrimps, eggs, cereals and vegetables respectively were 30...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
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