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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449952/variations-of-dietary-intake-by-glycemic-status-and-hispanic-latino-heritage-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#1
Sarah S Casagrande, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Larissa Avilés-Santa, Matthew J O'Brien, Cristina Palacios, Cynthia M Pérez, Samantha A Reina, Xueyin Wang, Qibin Qi, Aida L Giachello, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Catherine C Cowie
Objective: A healthy diet is important for diabetes prevention and control; however, few studies have assessed dietary intake among US Hispanics/Latinos, a diverse population with a significant burden of diabetes. To address this gap in the literature, we determined intake of energy, macro/micronutrients, and vitamin supplements among Hispanics/Latinos by glycemic status and heritage. Research design and methods: Cross-sectional study of adults aged 18-74 years from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011) with complete baseline data on glycemic status and two 24-hour dietary recalls (n=13 089)...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449204/national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-of-the-portuguese-general-population-2015-2016-protocol-for-design-and-development
#2
Carla Lopes, Duarte Torres, Andreia Oliveira, Milton Severo, Sofia Guiomar, Violeta Alarcão, Elisabete Ramos, Sara Rodrigues, Sofia Vilela, Luísa Oliveira, Jorge Mota, Pedro J Teixeira, Paulo J Nicola, Simão Soares, Lene Frost Andersen
BACKGROUND: The assessment of food consumption data using harmonized methodologies at the European level is fundamental to support the development of public policies. Portugal is one of the countries with the most outdated information on individual food consumption. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the design and methodology of the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016, developed to collect national and regional data on dietary habits, physical activity (PA), and nutritional status, in a representative sample of the Portuguese general population (3 months-84 years)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447252/low-back-electromyography-emg-data-driven-load-classification-for-dynamic-lifting-tasks
#3
Deema Totah, Lauro Ojeda, Daniel D Johnson, Deanna Gates, Emily Mower Provost, Kira Barton
OBJECTIVE: Numerous devices have been designed to support the back during lifting tasks. To improve the utility of such devices, this research explores the use of preparatory muscle activity to classify muscle loading and initiate appropriate device activation. The goal of this study was to determine the earliest time window that enabled accurate load classification during a dynamic lifting task. METHODS: Nine subjects performed thirty symmetrical lifts, split evenly across three weight conditions (no-weight, 10-lbs and 24-lbs), while low-back muscle activity data was collected...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447201/estimation-model-for-habitual-24-hour-urinary-sodium-excretion-using-simple-questionnaires-from-normotensive-koreans
#4
Ji-Sook Kong, Yeon-Kyung Lee, Mi Kyung Kim, Mi-Kyeong Choi, Young-Ran Heo, Taisun Hyun, Sun Mee Kim, Eun-Soon Lyu, Se-Young Oh, Hae-Ryun Park, Moo-Yong Rhee, Hee-Kyong Ro, Mi Kyung Song
This study was conducted to develop an equation for estimation of 24-h urinary-sodium excretion that can serve as an alternative to 24-h dietary recall and 24-h urine collection for normotensive Korean adults. In total, data on 640 healthy Korean adults aged 19 to 69 years from 4 regions of the country were collected as a training set. In order to externally validate the equation developed from that training set, 200 subjects were recruited independently as a validation set. Due to heterogeneity by gender, we constructed a gender-specific equation for estimation of 24-h urinary-sodium excretion by using a multivariable linear regression model and assessed the performance of the developed equation in validation set...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441408/macronutrient-composition-and-food-groups-associated-with-gestational-weight-gain-the-gusto-study
#5
Jun S Lai, Shu E Soh, See Ling Loy, Marjorelee Colega, Michael S Kramer, Jerry K Y Chan, Thiam Chye Tan, Lynnette P C Shek, Fabian K P Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Keith M Godfrey, Yap Seng Chong, Mary F F Chong
PURPOSE: To examine the associations of energy, macronutrient and food intakes with GWG on 960 pregnant women from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) mother-offspring cohort. METHODS: Dietary intake was assessed at 26-28 weeks' gestation with a 24-hour recall and 3-day food diary. GWG z-scores were calculated from first (4-13 weeks' gestation) and last (30-40 weeks gestation) measured weights; inadequate and excessive GWG were defined using the Institute of Medicine recommendations based on weights between 15 and 35 weeks' gestation...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441183/association-of-lifestyle-risk-factors-with-metabolic-syndrome-components-a-cross-sectional-study-in-eastern-india
#6
Pragya Verma, Ratan K Srivastava, Dharmendra Jain
Background: Approximately 20%-25% of the world adult population and nearly 30% of Indians have metabolic syndrome disorder. Our objective was designed to find out the association between important nutrients and potential lifestyle risk factors such as diet, physical inactivity, and smoking and alcohol consumption with the number of metabolic syndrome components. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 205 patients of metabolic syndrome were enrolled for this study...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439931/does-low-protein-diet-influence-the-uremic-toxin-serum-levels-from-the-gut-microbiota-in-nondialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#7
Ana Paula Black, Juliana S Anjos, Ludmila Cardozo, Flávia L Carmo, Carla J Dolenga, Lia S Nakao, Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira, Alexandre Rosado, José Carlos Carraro Eduardo, Denise Mafra
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of low-protein diet (LPD) on uremic toxins and the gut microbiota profile in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Longitudinal study with 30 nondialysis CKD patients (stage 3-4) undergoing LPD for 6 months. Adherence to the diet was evaluated based on the calculation of protein equivalent of nitrogen appearance from the 24-hour urine analysis. Good adherence to LPD was considered when protein intake was from 90% to 110% of the prescribed amount (0...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439336/memory-binding-test-predicts-incident-dementia-results-from-the-einstein-aging-study
#8
Wenzhu B Mowrey, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Wendy S Ramratan, David A Loewenstein, Molly E Zimmerman, Herman Buschke
BACKGROUND: The Memory Binding Test (MBT) demonstrated good cross-sectional discriminative validity and predicted incident aMCI. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the MBT predicts incident dementia better than a conventional list learning test in a longitudinal community-based study. METHODS: As a sub-study in the Einstein Aging Study, 309 participants age≥70 initially free of dementia were administered the MBT and followed annually for incident dementia for up to 13 years...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435558/association-between-amyloid-and-tau-accumulation-in-young-adults-with-autosomal-dominant-alzheimer-disease
#9
Yakeel T Quiroz, Reisa A Sperling, Daniel J Norton, Ana Baena, Joseph F Arboleda-Velasquez, Danielle Cosio, Aaron Schultz, Molly Lapoint, Edmarie Guzman-Velez, John B Miller, Leo A Kim, Kewei Chen, Pierre N Tariot, Francisco Lopera, Eric M Reiman, Keith A Johnson
Importance: It is critically important to improve our ability to diagnose and track Alzheimer disease (AD) as early as possible. Individuals with autosomal dominant forms of AD can provide clues as to which and when biological changes are reliably present prior to the onset of clinical symptoms. Objective: To characterize the associations between amyloid and tau deposits in the brains of cognitively unimpaired and impaired carriers of presenilin 1 (PSEN1) E280A mutation...
February 12, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433587/vitamin-d-status-and-intake-of-lactating-inuit-women-living-in-the-canadian-arctic
#10
Jessy El Hayek Fares, Hope A Weiler
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of healthy vitamin D status in lactating Inuit women living in remote regions of the Arctic. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Households were selected randomly in thirty-six communities of Nunavut, Nunatsiavut and Inuvialuit Settlement Region. Dietary intake was assessed using a 24 h recall and an FFQ. Anthropometric measurements, household living conditions, supplement use and health status were assessed...
February 13, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433574/association-between-diet-quality-dietary-patterns-and-cardiometabolic-health-in-australian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Katherine M Livingstone, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Diet quality indices score dietary intakes against recommendations, whereas dietary patterns consider the pattern and combination of dietary intakes. Studies evaluating both methodologies in relation to cardiometabolic health in a nationally representative sample are limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between diet quality, dietary patterns and markers of cardiometabolic health in Australian adults. METHODS: Dietary data, using two 24-h dietary recalls, were collected from adults in the cross-sectional Australian Health Survey 2011-2013 (n = 2121; 46...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430296/ramadan-during-pregnancy-and-birth-weight-of-newborns
#12
Ary I Savitri, Dwirani Amelia, Rebecca C Painter, Mohammad Baharuddin, Tessa J Roseboom, Diederick E Grobbee, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal
Previous studies suggest that Ramadan exposure during pregnancy might affect the health of women and their babies, particularly through the effect of fasting. This study aimed to evaluate the association between Ramadan exposure and fasting during pregnancy on the birth weight of newborns. This study concerned 1351 pregnant women from a prospective cohort in Jakarta, Indonesia. Ramadan exposure was based on the actual overlap between Ramadan and pregnancy. Women's fasting behaviour was recorded among 139 women who came for antenatal care between 10 July 2013 and 7 August 2013, and those who had fasted for at least 1 d (n 110) were classified as exposed to Ramadan fasting...
2018: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429017/performance-of-breast-cancer-screening-using-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-results-from-the-prospective-population-based-oslo-tomosynthesis-screening-trial
#13
Per Skaane, Sofie Sebuødegård, Andriy I Bandos, David Gur, Bjørn Helge Østerås, Randi Gullien, Solveig Hofvind
PURPOSE: Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) has the potential to overcome limitations of conventional mammography. This study investigated the effects of addition of DBT on interval and detected cancers in population-based screening. METHODS: Oslo Tomosynthesis Screening Trial (OTST) was a prospective, independent double-reading trial inviting women 50-69 years biennially, comparing full-field digital mammography (FFDM) plus DBT with FFDM alone. Performance indicators and characteristics of screen-detected and interval cancers were compared with two previous FFDM rounds...
February 10, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428452/association-between-dietary-glycemic-index-and-knee-osteoarthritis-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#14
Min Wook So, Sunggun Lee, Seong-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Obesity and metabolic abnormalities are important risk factors for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Recent epidemiologic studies have found that a high glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) diet are associated with a higher risk for metabolic complications and cardiovascular mortality. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the association between dietary GI, dietary GL, and KOA among Korean adults. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study that analyzed data obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012...
February 7, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426751/the-dietary-inflammatory-index-and-current-wheeze-among-children-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#15
Yueh-Ying Han, Erick Forno, Nitin Shivappa, Michael D Wirth, James R Hébert, Juan C Celedón
BACKGROUND: A proinflammatory diet may increase allergic airway inflammation by affecting innate and adaptive immune responses. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examine the relation between the diet's inflammatory potential, measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and current asthma, current wheeze, and lung function in U.S. children and adults. METHODS: We analyzed data from 8,175 children (aged 6-17 years) and 22,294 adults (aged 18-79 years) who participated in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425773/cocaine-and-amphetamine-regulated-transcript-peptide-cart-alleviates-mk-801-induced-schizophrenic-dementia-like-symptoms
#16
Chandrashekhar D Borkar, Ashish P Bharne, B Nagalakshmi, Amul J Sakharkar, Nishikant K Subhedar, Dadasaheb M Kokare
Exaggerated thoughts, diminished mood and impaired cognition are the hallmarks of the schizophrenia-like condition. These symptoms are attributed to the dysregulation of dopamine and glutamate signaling in the brain. Since cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide (CART) modulates actions of dopamine as well as glutamate, we tested the role of this peptide in MK-801 induced schizophrenic dementia-like condition. MK-801 treated rats were allowed to interact with conspecific juvenile and tested for short-term (30-min) and long-term (24-hr) social memory acquisition and recall...
February 6, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425155/markers-of-iron-status-are-associated-with-risk-of-hyperuricemia-among-chinese-adults-nationwide-population-based-study
#17
Xiangping Li, Tingchao He, Kai Yu, Qian Lu, Rashad Alkasir, Guifang Guo, Yong Xue
BACKGROUND: Elevated serum uric acid (SUA) involved in iron metabolism, has been increasingly recognized as a risk factor for gout and cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this study was to examine the associations between markers of iron status with risk of hyperuricemia (HU) in Chinese adult population. METHODS: Data were extracted from the 2009 wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey, consisting of 7946 apparently healthy adults. Serum ferritin (SF), transferrin, soluble transferrin receptors (sTfR), hemoglobin (Hb), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and SUA were measured...
February 9, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424057/beverage-intake-of-australian-children-and-relationship-with-intake-of-fruit-vegetables-milk-and-body-weight-at-2-3-7-and-5-years-of-age
#18
Rebecca Byrne, Yi Zhou, Rebecca Perry, Chelsea Mauch, Anthea Magarey
AIM: Describe the type and amount of beverages consumed by Australian children at age 2, 3.7 and 5; investigate the longitudinal relationship between intake of sweet beverages with fruits and vegetables or milk/alternatives, and body mass index (BMI) z-score. METHODS: Mothers in the NOURISH trial completed a single 24-hour recall of their child's intake, at age 2 (n = 515), 3.7 (n = 426) and 5 (n = 405). Anthropometry was measured by study staff. At each time point, proportion of children consuming at least one beverage on 24-hour recall from the following groups was determined; essential-cow's milk/alternatives, breast milk; non-essential-formula, sweet beverages...
February 9, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423606/identification-of-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-the-second-year-of-life-at-day-care-centres-by-day-care-staff-step-one-in-the-development-of-a-short-observation-list
#19
Kenneth Larsen, Astrid Aasland, Trond H Diseth
Early symptoms of ASD develop through the second year of life, making a stable ASD diagnosis possible at 24 months of age. However, in general, children with ASD have their diagnosis at an older age. This retrospective study, including 30 children with ASD and 30 control children aged 3-6 years, explored the possibility of developing a short observation list to be used in day care settings for children 12-24 months of age. From 73 symptoms selected from published screeners and observation tools, we were able to construct a list of six symptoms that retrospectively differentiated children with ASD from typically developing children at 12-24 months of age when recalled by day-care personnel...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415480/predictors-of-dietary-energy-density-among-preschool-aged-children
#20
Nilmani N T Fernando, Karen J Campbell, Sarah A McNaughton, Miaobing Zheng, Kathleen E Lacy
Childhood obesity is a global problem with many contributing factors including dietary energy density (DED). This paper aims to investigate potential predictors of DED among preschool aged children in Victoria, Australia. Secondary analysis of longitudinal data for 209 mother-child pairs from the Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial was conducted. Data for predictors (maternal child feeding and nutrition knowledge, maternal dietary intake, home food availability, socioeconomic status) were obtained through questionnaires completed by first-time mothers when children were aged 4 or 18 months...
February 6, 2018: Nutrients
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