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Fabiana A Silva, Cristina Padez, Daniela S Sartorelli, Renata M S Oliveira, Michele P Netto, Larissa L Mendes, Ana Paula C Cândido
AIM: We investigated the demographic, anthropometric, clinical, biochemical and behavioural factors associated with children and adolescents who missed breakfast. METHODS: This 2012 cross-sectional study was carried out in the city of Juiz de Fora, Brazil, with a sample of 684 students: 191 children aged 7-9 and 493 adolescents aged 10-14. Data on demographic, physical activity and breakfast consumption was based on a 24-hour recall record and a three-day dietary record...
April 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Geoffrey J Hoffman, Jinkyung Ha, Neil B Alexander, Kenneth M Langa, Mary Tinetti, Lillian C Min
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of and factors affecting the accuracy of self-reported fall-related injuries (SFRIs) with those of administratively obtained FRIs (AFRIs). DESIGN: Retrospective observational study SETTING: United States PARTICIPANTS: Fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older (N=47,215). MEASUREMENTS: We used 24-month self-report recall data from 2000-2012 Health and Retirement Study data to identify SFRIs and linked inpatient, outpatient, and ambulatory Medicare data to identify AFRIs...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Túlio Eduardo Nogueira, Fernanda Maria Oliveira Aguiar, Bento Alves de Barcelos, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles
OBJECTIVE: This prospective clinical trial aimed to assess clinical and patient-reported outcomes of the single-implant mandibular overdenture treatment (SIMO) after a 2-year follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An external hexagon implant was inserted in the mandibular midline of 45 complete denture wearers. Participants had a mean age of 63.4 (SD = 8.3), and 75.6% were female. Based on the primary stability of the implant, immediate loading was performed in 38 patients (84...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Ming-Wei Liu, Hong-Jie Yu, Shuai Yuan, Yong Song, Bo-Wen Tang, Zhong-Kui Cao, Xu-Hao Yang, Samuel D Towne, Qi-Qiang He
PURPOSE: Fruit and vegetable intake has been inversely associated with the risk of hypertension; however, there is inconsistent evidence on the long-term association. Given this gap in the literature, it is necessary to identify evidence from large prospective studies, especially in China, where insufficient evidence exists. Thus, we examined the association of fruit and vegetable intake with incident hypertension in Chinese adults. METHODS: We conducted analyses among 5659 Chinese adults aged 18-64 years, free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and hypertension in the 2006 wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Rachel M Zack, Kahema Irema, Patrick Kazonda, Germana H Leyna, Enju Liu, Susan Gilbert, Zohra Lukmanji, Donna Spiegelman, Wafaie Fawzi, Marina Njelekela, Japhet Killewo, Goodarz Danaei
OBJECTIVE: FFQ are often used to estimate food and nutrient intakes to rank individuals by their level of intake. We evaluated the relative validity of a semi-quantitative FFQ created for use in Tanzania by comparing it with two 24 h diet recalls. DESIGN: We measured relative validity of the FFQ with deattenuated energy-adjusted rank correlations for nutrients, deattenuated rank correlations for food groups, and performed a cross-classification analysis of energy-adjusted nutrient quartiles using percentage of agreement and Bland-Altman analysis...
April 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Alexandria Kachurak, Adam Davey, Regan L Bailey, Jennifer O Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To characterize associations of snacking frequency with weight status among US children aged 1 to 5 years. METHODS: Participants were children (n = 4,669) aged 1 to 5 years in the 2005 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Snacking was assessed by two 24-hour dietary recalls using definitions that considered "snack" occasions as well as other foods/beverages consumed between meals. Overweight/obesity (OW/OB) was defined using percentile cutoffs: ≥ 97...
April 14, 2018: Obesity
Clara Matthiessen, Sarah Lucht, Frauke Hennig, Simone Ohlwein, Hermann Jakobs, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus, Barbara Hoffmann
INTRODUCTION: Recently, epidemiological studies have found a link between air pollution (AP) and individual components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a condition predisposing to cardiometabolic diseases. However, very few studies have explored a possible association between air pollution and MetS. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the effects of long-term exposure to airborne particulate matter and NO2 on prevalence and incidence of MetS. METHODS: We used data of the population-based prospective Heinz Nixdorf Recall study (baseline 2000-2003) to investigate the association(s) between AP exposure and MetS prevalence at baseline (n = 4457) and MetS incidence at first follow-up visit (n = 3074; average follow-up: 5...
April 10, 2018: Environment International
Rachel Butler, Mauricio Monsalve, Geb W Thomas, Ted Herman, Alberto M Segre, Philip M Polgreen, Manish Suneja
BACKGROUND: Time and motion studies have been used to investigate how much time various healthcare professionals spend with patients as opposed to performing other tasks. However, the majority of such studies are done in outpatient settings, and rely on surveys (which are subject to recall bias) or human observers (which are subject to observation bias). Our goal was to accurately measure the time physicians, nurses, and critical support staff in a medical intensive care unit spend in direct patient contact using a novel method that does not rely on self-report or human observers...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Zhaoxue Yin, Jing Chen, Jian Zhang, Zeping Ren, Kui Dong, Virginia B Kraus, Zhuoqun Wang, Mei Zhang, Yi Zhai, Pengkun Song, Yanfang Zhao, Shaojie Pang, Shengquan Mi, Wenhua Zhao
Although dietary patterns are crucial to cognitive function, associations of dietary patterns with cognitive function have not yet been fully understood. This cross-sectional study explored dietary patterns associated with cognitive function among the older adults in underdeveloped regions, using 1504 community-dwelling older adults aged 60 and over. Diet was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and 24-h dietary recall. Factor analysis was used to extract dietary patterns. Global cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
April 9, 2018: Nutrients
Hyun Ah Park
Background: Protein intake in South Korea is generally considered to be adequate; however, there is concern that it may be inadequate among the elderly. This study evaluated the adequacy of protein intake, the source of protein, and the distribution of protein intake in daily meals in the Korean elderly population. Methods: Data were obtained from 1,484 men and 2,028 women aged 60 years or older who had participated in the nutrition survey of the 2013-2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Chong Su Pei, Geeta Appannah, Norhasmah Sulaiman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study assessed household food security status and determined its association with diet quality and weight status among indigenous women from the Mah Meri tribe in Peninsular Malaysia. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The Radimer/Cornell Hunger and Food Insecurity Instrument and the Malaysian Healthy Eating Index (HEI) were used to assess household food security status and diet quality, respectively. Information on socio-demographic characteristics and 24-hour dietary recall data were collected through face-to-face interview, and anthropometric measurements including weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) were obtained from 222 women...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
Pushpinder Kaur Litt, Joyjit Saha, Divya Jaroni
Non-O157 Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) are an important group of foodborne pathogens, implicated in several outbreaks and recalls in the past 2 decades. It is therefore crucial to devise effective control strategies against these pathogens. Bacteriophages present an attractive alternative to conventional pathogen control methods in the food industry. Bacteriophages, targeting non-O157 STEC (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145), were isolated from beef cattle operations in Oklahoma. Their host range and lytic ability were determined against several ( n = 21) non-O157 STEC isolates, by using the spot-on-lawn assay...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Cynthia M de A Godoy, Luana Celi Silva Aprígio, Eudes Paiva de Godoy, Mariana Camara Furtado, Daniel Coelho, Lourdes Bernadete Rocha de Souza, Antònio Manuel Goveial de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery often leads to food intolerance, especially protein intake. AIM: This is to investigate the association of food intolerance with protein intake and chewing parameters in patients who underwent RYGB surgery 2 years prior. METHODS: An observational study was carried out in 30 patients aged between 18 and 60 years old with at least a 2-year postoperative period since undergoing RYGB surgery...
April 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Marianne S Morseth, Sigrun Henjum, Catherine Schwinger, Tor A Strand, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Binob Shrestha, Ram K Chandyo, Manjeswori Ulak, Liv Elin Torheim
OBJECTIVES: Environmental enteropathy (EE) is likely associated with growth retardation in children, but the association between EE and length velocity z-score (LVZ) has not been investigated. The objective of the study was to assess associations between fecal markers for intestinal inflammation and LVZ and whether these associations were influenced by micronutrient adequacy among 9-24 months old children in Bhaktapur, Nepal. METHODS: Data was divided into 5 time slots (9-12, 12-15, 15-18, 18-21 and 21-24 months)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Jofrey Raymond, Neema Kassim, Jerman W Rose, Morris Agaba
BACKGROUND: Achieving nutritional requirements for pregnant and lactating mothers in rural households while maintaining the intake of local and culture-specific foods can be a difficult task. Deploying a linear goal programming approach can effectively generate optimal dietary patterns that incorporate local and culturally acceptable diets. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether a realistic and affordable diet that achieves nutritional goals for rural pregnant and lactating women can be formulated from locally available foods in Tanzania...
April 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
Richard Anthony Wardle, Gita Thapaliya, Adam Nowak, Shellie Radford, Michelle Dalton, Graham Finlayson, Gordon W Moran
Background: Crohn's disease (CD) patients suffer from nutritional deficiencies when in active disease. We aim to examine calorific intake, macronutrient choice and disordered eating behaviour in patients with active CD. Methods: CD patients with matched healthy volunteers (HV) were recruited. Active disease was defined by faecal calprotectin >250ug/g, C-reactive protein >5mg/dl, or active disease seen on endoscopy or imaging. Symptoms were quantified by Harvey-Bradshaw Index (HBI)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Patrícia Simone Nogueira, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Ana Paula Muraro, Lídia Pitaluga Pereira, Rosangela Alves Pereira
Admission to a university may cause significant changes in the pattern of exposure to health risks. The aim of this paper is to describe the study design and methodological procedures adopted in the Longitudinal Study on the Lifestyle and Health of University Students (ELESEU). This study examines a dynamic cohort of full-time students at a public university in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This research, which started in 2015, will have four years of follow-up and is scheduled to end in 2018. A self-administered questionnaire is applied, containing questions regarding demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, and information on health conditions and risk factors such as lifestyle, perceived stress, symptoms of depression, body image, risk behaviors for eating disorders, self-assessment of health and diet quality, and other issues related to nutrition and health...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Sajjad Roosta, Mina Kharadmand, Farshad Teymoori, Mehdi Birjandi, Ahmad Adine, Ebrahim Falahi
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate effect of vitamin D supplementation on anthropometric indices among women with overweight and obesity. METHODS: This double blind randomize clinical trial was conducted on 66 overweight and obese women. Those in intervention group received oral supplement of vitamin D 50,000 IU (1250 mcg) per 25 day and in control group participants received placebo for 3 months. Anthropometric indices were measured before and after 3 months intervention...
March 27, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Berivan Ece, Burcu Demiray, Sami Gülgöz
The consistency of earliest memories in content, dating, and memory qualities was investigated. A total of 84 (27 males; Mage  = 24.93, SD = 1.36) adults reported earliest memories, estimated ages, and rated their recollections on memory qualities with a two-year time lag. At Time 2, their original reports at Time 1 were presented and they were asked to report whether the earliest memories they recalled at Time 2 were the same. Fifty-six per cent of the participants reported the same earliest memories and those remembering the same events had earlier memories than those remembering different ones...
April 1, 2018: Memory
L Cinnamon Bidwell, Raeghan Mueller, Sophie L YorkWilliams, Sarah Hagerty, Angela D Bryan, Kent E Hutchison
Background: The development of novel cannabis research methods that are compatible with current federal regulations is imperative to conduct studies of the effects of legal market cannabis. There is very little research on higher strength, higher Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which has become increasingly available since legalization. Research on strains containing cannabidiol (CBD), a second primary, but nonpsychotomimetic, cannabinoid, is very limited. Materials and Methods: Using a novel observational methodology, regular cannabis users were asked to use one of two legal market cannabis strains that they purchased from a local dispensary (one strain containing 8% THC and 16% CBD (THC+CBD) and one containing a 17% THC concentration, but no CBD (THC)...
2018: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
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