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Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Clare O'Callaghan, Leanne Boyd, Margaret Staples
BACKGROUND: International guidance for advance care planning (ACP) supports the integration of spiritual and religious aspects of care within the planning process. Religious leaders' perspectives could improve how ACP programs respect patients' faith backgrounds. This study aimed to examine: (i) how religious leaders understand and consider ACP and its implications, including (ii) how religion affects followers' approaches to end-of-life care and ACP, and (iii) their implications for healthcare...
December 28, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
Kathleen M McGeehan, Charlene K Baker
The role of religious factors in the disaster experience has been under-investigated. This is despite evidence of their influence throughout the disaster cycle, including: the way in which the event is interpreted; how the community recovers; and the strategies implemented to reduce future risk. This qualitative study examined the role of faith in the disaster experience of four faith communities in the Hawaiian Islands of the United States. Twenty-six individuals from the Bahá'í, Buddhist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), and United Methodist Church communities participated, including 10 faith leaders and 16 laypersons...
April 2017: Disasters
Stephen Osiro, Jerzy Gielecki, Petru Matusz, Mohammadali M Shoja, R Shane Tubbs, Marios Loukas
Dr. August Henri Forel was a world-renowned psychiatrist, neuroanatomist, myrmecologist, social reformer, and promoter of world peace. His collected works (1907) included a description of what is now known as the tegmental fields of Forel and the zona incerta. In 1887, he described the cellular functional units within the brain, setting the foundation for what would later become known as the neuron theory. He also studied the thalamus and hypothalamus and gave detailed descriptions of the trigeminal, vagus, and hypoglossal nerves...
January 2012: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Haig V Setrakian, Marc B Rosenman, Kinga A Szucs
The Bahá'í Sacred Writings reference breastfeeding literally and symbolically and provide guidance as to its practice. Breastfeeding is endorsed as the ideal form of infant nutrition. The importance of breastfeeding is underscored by the exemption of breastfeeding women from fasting, as well as by the identification of breastfeeding as being linked to the moral development of children. Several of the central principles of the Bahá'í Faith, such as the equality of women and men and the harmony of science and religion, may engender attitudes that support the practice of breastfeeding...
August 2011: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Miki Talebi, Michel Desjardins
For approximately 150 years, Baha'is in Iran have been persecuted on the basis of their religion. Limitations to aspects of their lives have compelled them to face "civic death" or migrate to other countries. This qualitative pilot study explored the experience of forced migration and how religion attenuates the disruption to the lives of Iranian Baha'is. Adaptive strategies that four participants utilised to re-establish continuity were examined. Participants who were satisfied with their lives developed a way to allow parallel cultural traditions (Iranian and Canadian) to co-exist; those who could not integrate found it difficult to maintain a balance between these traditions...
June 2012: Journal of Religion and Health
Theo A Cope
Positive Psychotherapy (PPT), founded by Dr. Nossrat Peseschkian, a Persian Bahá'í who has lived in Europe for many years, assumes the functional capacities of the unconscious to be 'basic capacities.' PPT makes a distinction between actual capacities and basic capacities. The basic capacities are the capacity to love and the capacity to know. These basic capacities are comprehensive categories underpinning primary and secondary capacities. Based upon Bahá'í teachings, this therapy accepts belief as an implicit aspect of healthy psychological functioning...
March 2009: Journal of Religion and Health
Judy E Davidson, Merri Lynn Boyer, Debra Casey, Stephen Chavez Matzel, Chaplain David Walden
PURPOSE: Identify patient and family needs specifically related to an in-hospital birth or death. This study aimed to perform a gap analysis between identified needs and current hospital practice, services, and resources. METHODS: With the IRB approval, and purposive sampling using the demographics of a community hospital plus subgroups from problematic cases. Twenty-two semistructured interviews were audiotaped, and 6 lectures and 2 panel discussions were videotaped...
April 2008: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Atoosa Kourosh, Emitis Hosoda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2007: Southern Medical Journal
J Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 1989: Nursing Times
A M Ghadirian
The present article provides a description of some of the principles that are considered by Baha'i communities in developing programmes for the prevention of drug abuse that target the individual, the family and society. The individual is helped to develop a sense of purpose, a feeling of self-esteem and respect for others, a state of maturity making it possible for him or her to evaluate circumstances objectively and to postpone immediate gratification for a future goal, a feeling of responsibility, and spiritual orientation, which can help the individual to develop positive attitudes towards himself or herself and the environment...
1991: Bulletin on Narcotics
H B Danesh
The search for a violence-free community is as old as human society itself. The author reports on a nomadic tribe having two distinctive societies, as far as aggression and violence are concerned. The roots of this divergence are studied and its direct relationship to the introduction of a new frame of reference, in regard to violence, to one portion of the tribe is demonstrated. Some of the characteristics of this new frame of reference, the Baha'i faith, are elaborated upon.
1978: Mental Health and Society
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