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B12 iron cancer

Dong Jin Kim, Wook Kim
BACKGROUND: Double tract anastomosis (DTA) is a recently revisited reconstruction method for preventing reflux esophagitis in laparoscopy-assisted proximal gastrectomy (LAPG). However, only few studies have shown the advantages of LAPG-DTA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients underwent LAPG-DTA compared to 17 patients undergoing laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) matched with preoperative stage. Laboratory results, including hemoglobin, serum ferritin, serum iron and vitamin B12, were compared...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
A Wolk
Red meat (beef, veal, pork, lamb and mutton) consumption contributes several important nutrients to the diet, for example essential amino acids, vitamins (including B12) and minerals (including iron and zinc). Processed red meat (ham, sausages, bacon, frankfurters, salami, etc.) undergoes treatment (curing, smoking, salting or the use of chemical preservatives and additives) to improve its shelf life and/or taste. During recent decades, consumption of red meat has been increasing globally, especially in developing countries...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
Jill Benson, Razlyn Abdul Rahim, Rishi Agrawal
The hypothesis of this study was that those refugee children with Helicobacter pylori are thinner than their non-infected counterparts. This cross-sectional study investigated the height and weight of newly arrived refugee children up to age 19 years, who were screened for H. pylori using a stool antigen test at the Migrant Health Service in Adelaide between August 2010 and October 2013. Of 460 children, 21% were infected with H. pylori. After adjusting for vitamin B12 and iron levels, ethnicity, age and sex, the odds of being thin in the 10- to 19-year-old age group was 4...
August 5, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Rosa Rosania, Costanza Chiapponi, Peter Malfertheiner, Marino Venerito
BACKGROUND: Nutritional management of patients with gastric cancer (GC) represents a challenge. SUMMARY: This review provides an overview of the present evidence on nutritional support in patients with GC undergoing surgery as well as in those with advanced disease. KEY MESSAGE: For patients undergoing surgery, the preoperative nutritional condition directly affects postoperative prognosis, overall survival and disease-specific survival. Perioperative nutritional support enriched with immune-stimulating nutrients reduces overall complications and hospital stay but not mortality after major elective gastrointestinal surgery...
May 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
Ravindra Kumar Garg, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar
Myeloneuropathy is a frequently encountered condition and often poses a diagnostic challenge. A variety of nutritional, toxic, metabolic, infective, inflammatory, and paraneoplastic disorders can present with myeloneuropathy. Deficiencies of vitamin B12, folic acid, copper, and vitamin E may lead to myeloneuropathy with a clinical picture of subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord. Among infective causes, chikungunya virus has been shown to produce a syndrome similar to myeloneuropathy. Vacuolar myelopathy seen in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is clinically very similar to subacute combined degeneration...
April 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Cem Ekmekcioglu, Peter Wallner, Michael Kundi, Ulli Weisz, Willi Haas, Hans-Peter Hutter
Meat is an important food for human nutrition, by especially providing high quality protein and also some essential micronutrients, in front iron, zinc and vitamin B12. On the other hand a high intake of red and processed meat is associated with an increased risk for diseases, especially type II diabetes and colorectal cancer, as several epidemiological studies and meta-analyses have shown. This review summarizes meta-analyses of publications studying the association between red and processed meat intake and diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, colorectal and other cancers, and all- cause mortality...
April 29, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Jakub G Sobiecki, Paul N Appleby, Kathryn E Bradbury, Timothy J Key
The aim of this study was to investigate differences in dietary intakes between 30251 participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Oxford study, comprising 18 244 meat eaters, 4 531 fish eaters, 6 673 vegetarians, and 803 vegans aged 30 to 90 years who completed semiquantitative food frequency questionnaires. We hypothesized that these groups characterized by varying degrees of animal product exclusion have significantly different intakes of many nutrients, with possible implications for dietary adequacy and compliance with population dietary goals...
May 2016: Nutrition Research
İnci Ergürhan İlhan, Neriman Sarı, Şule Yeşil, Tuba Eren, Nurdan Taçyıldız
Children are at greater risk for malnutrition due to increased needs of nutrients to obtain appropriate growth, and they exhibit elevated substrate needs due to cancer and its treatment. This study aimed to report anthropometric and biochemical evaluation of nutritional status in children with cancer at initial presentation and during treatment. A prospective, controlled study was performed in the pediatric oncology department of a tertiary care center. Control group consisted of the siblings of patients. Weight, height, body mass index, triceps skinfold thickness, and serum levels of total protein, albumin, prealbumin, serum lipids, trace minerals, C-reactive protein (CRP), and vitamins were compared in patients and controls at initial presentation and at 6th month after the onset of treatment...
2015: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Stephanie M Ramage, Linda J McCargar, Casey Berglund, Vicki Harber, Rhonda C Bell
PURPOSE: Pre-pregnancy is an under-examined and potentially important time to optimize dietary intake to support fetal growth and development as well as maternal health. The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which dietary intake reported by non-pregnant women is similar to pre-pregnancy dietary intake reported by pregnant women using the same assessment tool. METHODS: The self-administered, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was adapted from the Canadian version of the Diet History Questionnaire, originally developed by the National Cancer Institute in the United States...
August 2015: Nutrients
David Baltierra, Tiffany Harper, Matthew Page Jones, Konrad C Nau
Anemia occurs in up to 25% of the US population. Normal hemoglobin levels vary by race, sex, and age. Classification of anemia by mean corpuscular volume guides the differential diagnosis and evaluation. Iron studies, reticulocyte count, the red blood cell distribution width index, and blood test results are used to make the diagnosis. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common microcytic anemia and is managed with iron therapy. Parenteral iron is available when the oral route cannot be used. Patients who do not benefit from therapy should be evaluated for adherence, malabsorption, occult bleeding, systemic disease, or less common inherited disorders...
June 2015: FP Essentials
David M Klurfeld
Humans evolved as omnivores and it has been proposed that cooking meat allowed for evolution of larger brains that has led to our success as a species. Meat is one of the most nutrient dense foods, providing high-quality protein, heme iron, zinc, and vitamins B6 and B12. Despite these advantages, epidemiologic studies have linked consumption of red or processed meat with obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancers of multiple organs. Most observational studies report small, increased relative risks...
November 2015: Meat Science
Pentti Sipponen, Heidi-Ingrid Maaroos
Prevalence of chronic gastritis has markedly declined in developed populations during the past decades. However, chronic gastritis is still one of the most common serious pandemic infections with such severe killing sequelae as peptic ulcer or gastric cancer. Globally, on average, even more than half of people may have a chronic gastritis at present. Helicobacter pylori infection in childhood is the main cause of chronic gastritis, which microbial origin is the key for the understanding of the bizarre epidemiology and course of the disease...
June 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Hisaharu Shikata, Masaki Maruta, Masahiko Kaneko
A 75-year-old man who had undergone subtotal gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer 18 years previously with no signs of recurrence visited our hospital because of anemia detected by medical examination. Although no clinical abnormalities were evident, treatment with iron and vitamin B12 was started. However, because serum ALP was elevated, metastatic bone cancer was suspected. Subsequently, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed findings suggestive of residual gastric cancer, and examination of a biopsy specimen demonstrated signet ring cell carcinoma...
January 2015: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Germán Campuzano-Maya
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the most common infection in humans, with a marked disparity between developed and developing countries. Although H. pylori infections are asymptomatic in most infected individuals, they are intimately related to malignant gastric conditions such as gastric cancer and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and to benign diseases such as gastritis and duodenal and gastric peptic ulcers. Since it was learned that bacteria could colonize the gastric mucosa, there have been reports in the medical literature of over 50 extragastric manifestations involving a variety medical areas of specialization...
September 28, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Stephen David Howard Malnick, Ehud Melzer, Malka Attali, Gabriel Duek, Jacob Yahav
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a Gram-negative spiral bacterium that is present in nearly half the world's population. It is the major cause of peptic ulcer disease and a recognized cause of gastric carcinoma. In addition, it is linked to non-ulcer dyspepsia, vitamin B12 deficiency, iron-deficient anemia and immune thrombocytopenic purpura. These conditions are indications for testing and treatment according to current guidelines. An additional indication according to the guidelines is "anyone with a fear of gastric cancer" which results in nearly every infected person being eligible for eradication treatment...
July 21, 2014: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Andreas Martinsson, Charlotte Andersson, Pontus Andell, Sasha Koul, Gunnar Engström, J Gustav Smith
Low hemoglobin concentration is associated with increased mortality, but there is disagreement with regard to the clinical definition of anemia. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence, clinical correlates and association with total and cause-specific long-term mortality across the hemoglobin distribution and for previously proposed definitions of anemia. Blood hemoglobin concentration and mean corpuscular volume was measured in participants of the Malmö diet and cancer study-a prospective cohort study, and related to baseline characteristics and outcomes during follow-up...
July 2014: European Journal of Epidemiology
Motti Haimi, Aaron Lerner
Nutrient deficiencies are prevalent worldwide. Diseases and morbid conditions have been described to result from nutritional deficiencies. It is essential to address nutrient deficiencies as these may lead to chronic long-term health problems such as rickets, iron deficiency anemia, goiter, obesity, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, cancer and osteoporosis. In the present review we surveyed the extent and severity of nutritional deficiencies in Israel through a selective and comprehensive Medline review of previous reports and studies performed during the last 40 years...
May 16, 2014: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Gabriela Zanatta Port, Kalinca Oliveira, Jonathan Soldera, Cristiane Valle Tovo
CONTEXT: Liver cirrhosis patients with hepatocellular carcinoma present nutritional alterations and metabolic disorders that negatively impact the prognosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to identify alterations in the metabolism of macro and micronutrients among liver cirrhosis patients with and without hepatocellular carcinoma and their relation to the Child-Turcote-Pugh score and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging. METHODS: Analytical transversal study, with 31 hepatocellular carcinoma patients and 48 liver cirrhosis patients...
January 2014: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Ban-Hock Toh
Autoimmune gastritis is a silent and highly prevalent disease that only becomes clinically manifested with progression to corpus atrophy and development of iron deficient or B12-deficient (pernicious) anaemia. Autoimmune gastritis is associated with autoimmune thyroiditis and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Corpus atrophy may be complicated by gastric carcinoids and gastric cancer. Laboratory diagnosis of autoimmune gastritis rests on serum biomarkers of antibody to parietal cell H/K ATPase and intrinsic factor and corpus atrophy on serum biomarkers of gastrin and pepsinogen levels...
April 2014: Autoimmunity Reviews
N W Solomons
The chronic degenerative diseases were virtually unknown in original hunter-gatherer societies. At the dawn of the 21st century, however, they represent the most important public health challenge to populations of both the industrialized, affluent nations of the temperate zones and the low-income developing countries of the tropics. The developing countries most closely reflect the legacy of our traditional foreparents while constituting threequarters of the world's populace and public health interest. For economic, traditional, religious and cultural reasons, the majority of the dietary fares in the developing world are largely plant based...
September 2000: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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