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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550808/the-association-between-height-and-hypertension-in-indonesia
#1
Kitae Sohn
There is growing interest in the influence of early-life conditions on the development of disease. Among diseases in adulthood, hypertension is particularly important for the developing world because considerably more people there are and will be afflicted with the disease than in the developed world and hypertensives there are often unaware of their disease status. We employed height as a proxy for the influence of early-life conditions and estimated the relation between height and hypertension status in Indonesia...
May 8, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550767/antibiotics-and-mania-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Simon Lambrichts, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Pascal Sienaert
OBJECTIVES: Mania can occur secondary to a medical condition and can be elicited by various pharmacological treatments, both in patients with or without a history of affective disorder. Antibiotic-induced mania or antibiomania is suggested to be a rare phenomenon. We reviewed the literature in order to collect published reports of antibiomania and to summarize new insights about its mechanism and management. METHODS: We performed a MEDLINE-search and used manual cross-referencing for reports of antibiotic-induced mania and included cases in which a (hypo)manic episode was diagnosed in close temporal relationship with the prescription of an antibiotic...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550766/gender-differences-in-quality-of-life-and-functional-disability-for-depression-outpatients-with-or-without-residual-symptoms-after-acute-phase-treatment-in-china
#3
Na Zhao, Xiaohong Wang, Wenyuan Wu, Yongdong Hu, Yajuan Niu, Xueyi Wang, Chengge Gao, Ning Zhang, Yiru Fang, Jizhong Huang, Tiebang Liu, Fujun Jia, Xuequan Zhu, Jian Hu, Gang Wang
BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with substantial personal suffering and reduced quality of life and functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate gender differences on quality of life and functional impairment of outpatients with depression after acute phase treatment. METHODS: 1503 depression outpatients were recruited from eleven hospitals in China. Subjects were evaluated with sociodemographic characteristics, history and self-report instruments, related to severity of symptoms, function and quality of life...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550762/forensic-age-estimation-by-morphometric-analysis-of-the-manubrium-from-3d-mr-images
#4
Naira P Martínez Vera, Johannes Höller, Thomas Widek, Bernhard Neumayer, Thomas Ehammer, Martin Urschler
Forensic age estimation research based on skeletal structures focuses on patterns of growth and development using different bones. In this work, our aim was to study growth-related evolution of the manubrium in living adolescents and young adults using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is an image acquisition modality that does not involve ionizing radiation. In a first step, individual manubrium and subject features were correlated with age, which confirmed a statistically significant change of manubrium volume (Mvol:p<0...
May 12, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550759/venous-thromboembolism-in-the-elderly-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
T Tritschler, D Aujesky
Persons aged ≥65years not only account for over 60% of venous thromboembolism (VTE) events, they have also a higher mortality and VTE-related morbidity than younger patients, including anticoagulation-related bleeding and the postthrombotic syndrome. However, only few studies have focused specifically on VTE in older persons and practice guidelines commonly extrapolate study results from younger healthier patients to the multimorbid elderly. Evidence suggests that the clinical presentation is more subtle in the elderly with VTE and that commonly used diagnostic modalities, including clinical prediction rules, D-dimer tests, and planar ventilation-perfusion scans are less specific and efficient in older persons...
May 17, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550757/serum-levels-of-peptide-cathelicidin-ll-37-in-elderly-patients-with-depression
#6
Elżbieta Kozłowska, Adam Wysokiński, Ewa Brzezińska-Błaszczyk
Cathelicidin LL-37 is a small cationic that plays an important role in antimicrobial defense, as it kills a broad spectrum of infectious agents by disrupting their membranes, including gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, some viruses and fungi; and it neutralizes activity of bacterial endotoxins. Moreover, cathelicidin LL-37 exerts proinflammatory effect, while numerous reports indicate the role of inflammation in the development of depression. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the circulating levels of cathelicidin LL-37 in elderly depressed patients...
May 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550755/sedentary-behaviour-patterns-in-outpatients-with-severe-mental-illness-a-cross-sectional-study-using-objective-and-self-reported-methods-the-psychiactive-project
#7
Javier Bueno-Antequera, Miguel Ángel Oviedo-Caro, Diego Munguia-Izquierdo
This study aimed to quantify and compare sedentary behaviour patterns in patients with severe mental illness as stratified by gender, age, body mass index, distress, illness duration and antipsychotic medication using both objective and self-reported methods. Sedentary behaviour patterns were measured in 90 outpatients (mean age±SD: 41.6±9.2 years, 20% women) with severe mental illness (primarily schizophrenia, n=63) using the SenseWear Armband and the Sedentary Behaviour Questionnaire. They spent 58% of waking time sedentary, primarily watching television...
May 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550750/mobile-phone-conversations-listening-to-music-and-quiet-electric-cars-are-traffic-sounds-important-for-safe-cycling
#8
A Stelling-Konczak, G P van Wee, J J F Commandeur, M Hagenzieker
Listening to music or talking on the phone while cycling as well as the growing number of quiet (electric) cars on the road can make the use of auditory cues challenging for cyclists. The present study examined to what extent and in which traffic situations traffic sounds are important for safe cycling. Furthermore, the study investigated the potential safety implications of limited auditory information caused by quiet (electric) cars and by cyclists listening to music or talking on the phone. An Internet survey among 2249 cyclists in three age groups (16-18, 30-40 and 65-70year old) was carried out to collect information on the following aspects: 1) the auditory perception of traffic sounds, including the sounds of quiet (electric) cars; 2) the possible compensatory behaviours of cyclists who listen to music or talk on their mobile phones; 3) the possible contribution of listening to music and talking on the phone to cycling crashes and incidents...
May 24, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550744/evaluation-of-a-multi-site-program-designed-to-strengthen-relational-bonds-for-siblings-separated-by-foster-care
#9
Jeffrey Waid, Armeda Stevenson Wojciak
Sibling relationships in foster care settings have received increased attention in recent years. Despite growing evidence regarding the protective potential of sibling relationships for youth in care, some sibling groups continue to experience foster care related separation, and few programs exist to address the needs of these youth. This study describes and evaluates Camp To Belong, a multi-site program designed to provide short-term reunification to separated sibling groups through a week-long summer camp experience...
May 13, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550725/geographical-variation-and-age-related-dietary-exposure-to-arsenic-in-rice-from-bangladesh
#10
Shofiqul Islam, Mohammad Mahmudur Rahman, M R Islam, Ravi Naidu
An extensive number (965) of rice samples collected by household survey from 73 upazilas (i.e. sub-districts) in Bangladesh was analyzed to determine regional variation, distribution and associated health risks from arsenic (As). No previous study had conducted a study examining such a large number of rice samples. The mean and median concentrations of total As were 126μg/kg and 107μg/kg, respectively, ranging from between 3 and 680μg/kg. Importantly, total As levels of aromatic rice were significantly lower (average 58μg/kg) than non-aromatic rice (average 150μg/kg) and also varied with rice grain size...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550719/morphometric-analysis-of-thalamic-volume-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-in-vivo-evidence-of-regionally-specific-bilateral-thalamic-atrophy
#11
Brian D Power, David Jakabek, Mitchell Hunter-Dickson, Fiona A Wilkes, Danielle van Westen, Alexander F Santillo, Mark Walterfang, Dennis Velakoulis, Christer Nilsson, Jeffrey C L Looi
We investigated whether differences were detectable in the volume and shape of the dorsal thalamus on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Manual segmentation of the left and right thalami on magnetic resonance imaging scans occurred in 22 patients with clinically diagnosed PSP and 23 healthy controls; thalamic volumes (left, right, total) were calculated. Between group differences were explored by multivariate analysis of co-variance, using age and intracranial volume as covariates...
May 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550718/attachment-to-place-in-advanced-age-a-study-of-the-lilacs-nz-cohort
#12
Janine L Wiles, Anna Rolleston, Avinesh Pillai, Joanna Broad, Ruth Teh, Merryn Gott, Ngaire Kerse
An extensive body of research theorises that attachment to place is positively associated with health, particularly for older people. Building on this, we measure how indicators of attachment to place are associated with health for in people of advanced age in New Zealand. We use data from a cohort study (LiLACS NZ), which includes an indigenous Māori cohort aged 80-90 years and a non-Māori cohort aged 85 years from a mixed urban/rural region in New Zealand. Each cohort undertook a comprehensive interview and health assessment (n = 267 Māori and n = 404 non-Māori)...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550714/adherence-to-oral-cancer-therapy-in-older-adults-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology-siog-taskforce-recommendations
#13
REVIEW
Anna Rachelle Mislang, Tanya M Wildes, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Capucine Baldini, Holly M Holmes, Ginah Nightingale, Annemarie Coolbrandt, Laura Biganzoli
There is an increasing trend towards using oral systemic therapy in patients with cancer. Compared to parenteral therapy, oral cancer agents offer convenience, have similar efficacy, and are preferred by patients, consequently making its use appealing in older adults. However, adherence is required to ensure its efficacy and to avoid compromising treatment outcomes, especially when the treatment goal is curative, or in case of symptomatic/rapidly progressing disease, where dose-intensity is important. This opens a new challenge for clinicians, as optimizing patient adherence is challenging, particularly due to lack of consensus and scarcity of available clinical evidence...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550713/state-of-the-art-on-oocyte-cryopreservation-in-female-cancer-patients-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Claudia Massarotti, Paola Scaruffi, Matteo Lambertini, Valentino Remorgida, Lucia Del Mastro, Paola Anserini
During the last decades, important advances in therapeutic options have led to increased survival rates in cancer patients; however, cancer treatments are associated with several potential adverse effects including infertility in those diagnosed during their reproductive years. A proper discussion about fertility preservation options before the use of therapies with potential gonadotoxicity (i.e. oncofertility counseling) is standard of care and should be offered to all patients of childbearing age. Temporary ovarian suppression with LH-RH analogs, oocyte and embryo cryopreservation are standard strategies for fertility preservation in female cancer patients...
May 9, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550701/patient-centred-care-in-canada-key-components-and-the-path-forward
#15
Terrence Montague, Amédé Gogovor, John Aylen, Lisa Ashley, Sara Ahmed, Lesli Martin, Bonnie Cochrane, Owen Adams, Joanna Nemis-White
Canadians' health and its care continue to evolve. Chronic diseases affect more than 50% of our aging population, but the majority of public and professional stakeholders retain a sense of care quality. An emergent issue, however, is generating an increasingly wide debate. It is the concept of patient-centred care, including its definition of key components, and efficacy. To advance the evidence base, the 2013-2014 and 2016 Health Care in Canada (HCIC) surveys measured pan-stakeholder levels of support and implementation priorities for frequently proposed components of patient centricity in healthcare...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550693/healthcare-for-the-aging-citizen-and-the-aging-citizen-for-healthcare-involving-patient-advisors-in%C3%A2-elder-friendly-care-improvement
#16
Jennifer Verma, Patricia O'Connor, Jerold Hodge, Howard Abrams, Jocelyn Bennett, Samir Sinha
With an aging population and a healthcare system that is overly reliant on providing expensive and sometimes problematic hospital-based care for older Canadians, driving improvements that promote elder-friendly care has never been more critical. The Acute Care for Elders (ACE) Strategy at Toronto's Mount Sinai Hospital is the focus of a pan-Canadian collaborative delivered by the Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement in partnership with the Canadian Frailty Network. The intent is to spread the ACE Strategy's elder-friendly models of care and practices to 18 participating healthcare delivery organizations...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550689/a-diagnostic-program-of-vascular-tumor-and-vascular-malformations-in-children-according-to-modern-classification
#17
Iryna Benzar
The aim of the study was to analyze the cohort of inpatient children with vascular anomalies according to the globally accepted classification introduced by the ISSVA. METHODS: The study included 205 inpatient children within the time period of the years 2010-2015. Types of vascular anomalies (VAs), age of patients, diagnostic procedures, and anatomical localization of VAs were analyzed. RESULTS: 65 patients of first year of life had vascular tumors, with prevalence of infantile hemangiomas (IHs) in 57 (87...
May 26, 2017: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550676/-estimated-of-esophageal-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-china-2013
#18
Y T He, D J Li, D Liang, J Jin, D G Wen, W Q Chen, J He
Objective: The National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR) collected esophageal data of local cancer registries in 2013 to estimate the incidence and mortality in China. Methods: Data submitted from 347 registries were evaluated and 255 registries' data are qualified by NCCR. Data of incidence and mortality were stratified with areas (urban/rural), gender and age group. Chinese population census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardized incidence/mortality. Results: All of 255 cancer registries covered a total of 226 494 490 population (111 595 772 in urban areas and 114 898 718 in rural areas)...
April 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550673/-clinical-characteristics-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pulmonary-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-in-children
#19
F H Wang, J H Liang, J H Zeng, J Tang, H Wang, W Liu
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in children. Methods: The clinical data of 13 patients with pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor between October 2009 and October 2015 were retrospectively analyzed, including 9 boys and 4 girls aged 1 to 12 years 4 months (mean 4 years 9 months). Seven patients underwent total tumor resection, 4 had lobectomy, 1 had partial tumor resection and 1 had biopsy. The follow-up time ranged from 2 months to 6 years and 2 months...
April 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550671/-analysis-of-prognostic-factors-for-patients-with-stage%C3%A2-b-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-after-operation
#20
P Song, R C Zang, M Y Zhang, L Liu, S G Gao
Objective: To study the prognostic factors for patients with stage ⅠB non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after radical operation (R0). Methods: The clinical data of 458 patients who underwent radical resection for NSCLC and were pathologically diagnosed with stage ⅠB lung cancer from January 2009 to December 2010, were reviewed retrospectively. Those cases include 269 male patients and 189 female, aged between 28 and 88, with a median age of 61 years. The Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for univariate survival analysis and the Cox proportional hazards model for multivariate survival analysis...
April 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
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