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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308239/the-healing-effect-of-amniotic-membrane-in-burn-patients
#1
Mahdi Eskandarlou, Mina Azimi, Soghra Rabiee, Mohammad Ali Seif Rabiee
BACKGROUND: Different methods for dressing of donor site of skin graft in burn patients have similarly pain, limitation of mobility of donor site and local complications such as infection and scar. Amniotic membrane has used for improvement of healing in some wounds. Accordingly in this study amnion was used as biologic dressing for donor site of skin graft to evaluate it's efficacy in improvement of pain, move score and the risk of local infection. METHODS: Study was done as clinical trial over 32 admitted patients in burn department of Beasat hospital...
January 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247543/diving-response-after-a-one-week-diet-and-overnight-fasting
#2
Giovanna Ghiani, Elisabetta Marongiu, Sergio Olla, Marco Pinna, Matteo Pusceddu, Girolamo Palazzolo, Irene Sanna, Silvana Roberto, Antonio Crisafulli, Filippo Tocco
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that overnight fasting after a short dietary period, especially with carbohydrates, could allow performing breath-hold diving with no restraint for diaphragm excursion and blood shift and without any increase of metabolism, and in turn improve the diving response. METHODS: During two separate sessions, 8 divers carried out two trials: (A) a 30-m depth dive, three hours after a normal breakfast and (B) a dive to the same depth, but after following a diet and fasting overnight...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26692823/cost-effectiveness-of-umeclidinium-vilanterol-combination-therapy-compared-to-tiotropium-monotherapy-among-symptomatic-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-uk
#3
Yogesh Suresh Punekar, Graeme Roberts, Afisi Ismaila, Martin O'Leary
BACKGROUND: The cost-effectiveness of umeclidinium bromide-vilanterol (UMEC/VI) versus tiotropium monotherapy in the UK was assessed using a UMEC/VI treatment-specific economic model based on a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) disease-progression model. METHODS: The model was implemented as a linked-equation model to estimate COPD progression and associated health service costs, and its impact on quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and survival. Statistical risk equations for clinical endpoints and resource use were derived from the ECLIPSE and TORCH studies, respectively...
2015: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26310540/latent-iron-deficiency-at-birth-influences-auditory-neural-maturation-in-late-preterm-and-term-infants
#4
Vivek Choudhury, Sanjiv B Amin, Asha Agarwal, L M Srivastava, Arun Soni, Satish Saluja
BACKGROUND: In utero latent iron deficiency has been associated with abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes during childhood. Its concomitant effect on auditory neural maturation has not been well studied in late preterm and term infants. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether in utero iron status is associated with auditory neural maturation in late preterm and term infants. DESIGN: This prospective cohort study was performed at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India...
November 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26081643/refuse-derived-fuel-rdf-plasma-torch-gasification-as-a-feasible-route-to-produce-low-environmental-impact-syngas-for-the-cement-industry
#5
Ana M López-Sabirón, Kristina Fleiger, Stefan Schäfer, Javier Antoñanzas, Ane Irazustabarrena, Alfonso Aranda-Usón, Germán A Ferreira
Plasma torch gasification (PTG) is currently researched as a technology for solid waste recovery. However, scientific studies based on evaluating its environmental implications considering the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology are lacking. Therefore, this work is focused on comparing the environmental effect of the emissions of syngas combustion produced by refuse derived fuel (RDF) and PTG as alternative fuels, with that related to fossil fuel combustion in the cement industry. To obtain real data, a semi-industrial scale pilot plant was used to perform experimental trials on RDF-PTG...
August 2015: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25806204/does-the-order-of-factors-affect-the-product-lessons-learned-from-the-torch-trial
#6
Alan P Skarbnik, Anthony J Olszanski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2013: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25806195/the-torch-trial
#7
Louise Rosalyn Carter, Raffaele Califano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2012: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25427819/symptomatic-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-clinical-trials-and-in-a-population-based-study
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
David Niederseer, Sabine A M Richter, Daniel Neunhäuserer, Bernd Lamprecht, Sonia A Buist, Michael Studnicka, Josef Niebauer
PURPOSE: Evidence-based medicine promotes the current best evidence from clinical trials to guide decisions for individual patients. We assessed whether chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients included in exercise training studies and pharmacologic trials match those from a non-selected COPD target population sample. METHODS: Exercise training studies were identified in a literature search. Towards a Revolution in COPD Health (TORCH) and Understanding Potential Long-Term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium (UPLIFT) were chosen to represent pharmacologic trials...
September 2015: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25415557/preconception-care-preventing-and-treating-infections
#9
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Ayesha M Imam, Sohni V Dean, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
INTRODUCTION: Infections can impact the reproductive health of women and hence may influence pregnancy related outcomes for both the mother and the child. These infections range from sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to TORCHS infections to periodontal disease to systemic infections and may be transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy, labor, delivery or breastfeeding. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence was conducted to ascertain the possible impact of preconception care for adolescents, women and couples of reproductive age on MNCH outcomes...
September 26, 2014: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25334443/lungs-ablaze-an-unusual-case-of-aspiration-pneumonitis
#10
Rajesh Zacharias, Michael Colancecco, Ryan Shipe, Stephen Summers, Paulo Oliveira, Bruce Greenberg, Andrew Fischer
SESSION TITLE: Miscellaneous Cases ISESSION TYPE: Affiliate Case Report SlidePRESENTED ON: Sunday, October 26, 2014 at 10:45 AM - 12:00 PMINTRODUCTION: We present a case of hydrocarbon pneumonitis secondary to aspiration of tiki torch fluid. CASE PRESENTATION: A 19 year old healthy female presented with dyspnea,pleurisy & drenching night sweats,post ingestion of "tiki" (flame) torch fluid,while inebriated at a party.Physical exam showed a room air oxyhemoglobin saturation of 88% & diminished bibasilar breath sounds...
October 1, 2014: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25307414/cost-effectiveness-of-the-laba-lama-dual-bronchodilator-indacaterol-glycopyrronium-in-a-swedish-healthcare-setting
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David Price, Dorothy Keininger, Madlaina Costa-Scharplatz, Karen Mezzi, Maria Dimova, Yumi Asukai, Björn Ställberg
BACKGROUND: Indacaterol/glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) is a once-daily inhaled fixed-dose combination of indacaterol (IND), a long-acting β2-adrenergic agonist (LABA), and glycopyrronium (GLY), a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) for use as maintenance treatment to relieve symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults. OBJECTIVE: To determine the economic benefits of IND/GLY compared with the free combination of indacaterol and glycopyrronium (IND + GLY), and with the fixed-dose combination of salmeterol/fluticasone (SFC), in a moderate-to-severe COPD population with low-exacerbation risk...
December 2014: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25079942/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-investigate-effects-of-enhanced-supervision-on-primary-eye-care-services-at-health-centres-in-kenya-malawi-and-tanzania
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Khumbo Kalua, Michael Gichangi, Ernest Barassa, Edson Eliah, Susan Lewallen, Paul Courtright
BACKGROUND: Knowledge and skills of primary health care workers (PHCWs) in primary eye care have been demonstrated to be inadequate in several districts of Kenya, Malawi, and Tanzania. We tested whether enhanced supervision, focused on improving practical skills over two years, would raise the scores of these workers on a test of basic knowledge and skills. METHODS: This was a randomised controlled trial. All primary health care (PHC) facilities within two districts of each country were enrolled and randomly assigned by district (Kenya, Malawi) or by health care facility (Tanzania) to receive quarterly skills-based supervision by a district eye coordinator or to continue existing routine supervision...
2014: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24802296/utility-of-different-seizure-induction-protocols-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gourav Goyal, Jayantee Kalita, Usha K Misra
Psychogenic non epileptic seizure (PNES) can be induced by several induction tests but their relative usefulness has not been evaluated. In this study, we report the sensitivity and specificity of various induction tests in the diagnosis of PNES and assess their discomfort level. The induction tests were: (a) compression of temple region (CTR), (b) verbal suggestion (VS), (c) tuning fork application (TFA), (d) moist swab application (MSA), (e) torch light stimulation (TLS) and (f) saline injection (SI). Up to 3 trials were done for each test except for normal saline injection which was given once...
August 2014: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24707307/a-double-blind-clinical-trial-on-the-efficacy-of-honey-drop-in-vernal-keratoconjunctivitis
#14
Ali Salehi, Solmaz Jabarzare, Mohammadreza Neurmohamadi, Soleiman Kheiri, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
Purpose. This trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical honey eye drops in patients with diagnosed VKC. Methods. This clinical trial was conducted on 60 patients with diagnosed VKC. The patients were selected and randomly allocated between two groups of 30. Patients in two groups received honey eye drop (60% in artificial tear) or placebo, other than cromolyn and fluorometholone 1% eye drops, to be used topically in each eye, four times per day. The patients were examined with slit lamp and torch at baseline and the follow-up visits on the 1st, 3rd, and 6th months of the study for redness, limbal papillae, and intraocular pressure...
2014: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24598945/primary-care-copd-patients-compared-with-large-pharmaceutically-sponsored-copd-studies-an-unlock-validation-study
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Annemarije L Kruis, Björn Ställberg, Rupert C M Jones, Ioanna G Tsiligianni, Karin Lisspers, Thys van der Molen, Jan Willem H Kocks, Niels H Chavannes
BACKGROUND: Guideline recommendations for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are based on the results of large pharmaceutically-sponsored COPD studies (LPCS). There is a paucity of data on disease characteristics at the primary care level, while the majority of COPD patients are treated in primary care. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the external validity of six LPCS (ISOLDE, TRISTAN, TORCH, UPLIFT, ECLIPSE, POET-COPD) on which current guidelines are based, in relation to primary care COPD patients, in order to inform future clinical practice guidelines and trials...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24214176/combined-corticosteroid-and-long-acting-beta%C3%A2-agonist-in-one-inhaler-versus-placebo-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
REVIEW
Luis Javier Nannini, Phillippa Poole, Stephen J Milan, Rebecca Holmes, Rebecca Normansell
BACKGROUND: Both long-acting beta2-agonists (LABA) and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) have been recommended in guidelines for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Their coadministration in a combination inhaler may facilitate adherence to medication regimens and improve efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of combined ICS and LABA for stable COPD in comparison with placebo. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Airways Group Specialised Register of trials, reference lists of included studies and manufacturers' trial registries...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24093953/cancer-vaccines-looking-to-the-future-interview-by-jenaid-rees
#17
Vasso Apostolopoulos
Interview by Jenaid Rees (Commissioning Editor) Vasso Apostolopoulos has been working in the field of cancer vaccines since 1991, and human clinical trials on her work have been conducted since 1994. Her work has been at the forefront of scientific research into the development of a vaccine for cancer and she has received over 90 awards and honours in recognition of her achievements. Some notable awards include, the Premier's Award for medical research, was named Young Australian of the Year (Victoria), recipient of the Channel 10/Herald Sun Young Achiever of the Year Award as well as being awarded the Order of Brigadier General of the Phoenix Battalion by the Greek President...
October 2013: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23728670/combination-inhaled-steroid-and-long-acting-beta2-agonist-versus-tiotropium-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
REVIEW
Emma J Welsh, Christopher J Cates, Phillippa Poole
BACKGROUND: Combination therapy (inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting beta2-agonists) and tiotropium are both used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). There is uncertainty about the relative benefits and harms of these treatments. OBJECTIVES: To compare the relative effects of inhaled combination therapy and tiotropium on markers of exacerbations, symptoms, quality of life, lung function, pneumonia and serious adverse events in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23154555/quality-of-life-analysis-of-torch-a-randomized-trial-testing-first-line-erlotinib-followed-by-second-line-cisplatin-gemcitabine-chemotherapy-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Massimo Di Maio, Natasha B Leighl, Ciro Gallo, Ronald Feld, Fortunato Ciardiello, Charles Butts, Paolo Maione, Vittorio Gebbia, Floriana Morgillo, Rafal Wierzbicki, Adolfo Favaretto, Yasmin Alam, Saverio Cinieri, Salvatore Siena, Roberto Bianco, Ferdinando Riccardi, Mario Spatafora, Alberto Ravaioli, Raffaella Felletti, Vittorio Fregoni, Giovenzio Genestreti, Antonio Rossi, Gianfranco Mancuso, Morena Fasano, Alessandro Morabito, Ming Sound Tsao, Simona Signoriello, Francesco Perrone, Cesare Gridelli
INTRODUCTION: The TORCH (Tarceva or Chemotherapy) trial randomized patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer to first-line erlotinib followed by second-line cisplatin/gemcitabine versus. standard inverse sequence. The trial, designed to test noninferiority in overall survival, was stopped at interim analysis because of inferior survival in the experimental arm. Quality of life (QoL), a secondary outcome, is reported here. METHODS: QoL was assessed at baseline and every 3 weeks during first-line, using European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 30 and QLQ-lung cancer specific module (LC13)...
December 2012: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23125170/number-needed-to-treat-in-copd-exacerbations-versus-pneumonias
#20
REVIEW
Samy Suissa
BACKGROUND: Several recent trials in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have assessed the effectiveness of the fluticasone-salmeterol combination inhaler in preventing COPD exacerbations, while finding an increased risk of pneumonia. The number needed to treat (NNT) is a simple measure to perform the comparative benefit-risk impact, but its calculation involving repeated outcome events such as COPD exacerbations has been incorrect. We describe the proper methods to calculate the NNT and, using data from published trials, apply them to evaluate the relative impact of fluticasone-salmeterol treatment on exacerbations and pneumonias in patients with COPD...
June 2013: Thorax
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