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arginine methylation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816396/identification-of-novel-site-specific-alterations-in-the-modification-level-of-myelin-basic-protein-isolated-from-mouse-brain-at-different-ages-using-capillary-electrophoresis-mass-spectrometry
#1
Bettina Sarg, Klaus Faserl, Herbert H Lindner
Myelin basic protein (MBP) is a multifunctional protein involved in maintaining the stability and integrity of the myelin sheath by a variety of interactions with membranes and other proteins. MBP is subjected to extensive post-translational modifications (PTMs) that are known to be crucial for the regulation of these interactions. Here we report capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometric (CE-MS) analysis for the separation and identification of MBP peptides that incorporate the same PTM at different sites, creating multiple localization variants, and the ability to analyze challenging modifications such as asparagine and glutamine deamidation, isomerization and arginine citrullination...
August 17, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815720/pharmacological-evidence-of-involvement-of-nitric-oxide-pathway-in-anti-pruritic-effects-of-sumatriptan-in-chloroquine-induced-scratching-in-mice
#2
Nazgol-Sadat Haddadi, Sattar Ostadhadi, Saeed Shakiba, Khashayar Afshari, Nastaran Rahimi, Arash Foroutan, Ahmad-Reza Dehpour
Chloroquine (CQ) induces histamine-independent itch in human and mice. We recently reported the role of intradermal nitric oxide (NO)/ cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway in CQ-evoked scratching in mice. Chloroquine stimulates neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) activity to over-producing NO in the skin. Sumatriptan, a 5-hydroxytryptamine 1b/1d receptors (5-HTR1b/1d) agonist, is involved in pain and used to treat migraine and cluster headaches. According to previous studies, sumatriptan inhibits NOS activity...
August 16, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813517/prmepred-a-protein-arginine-methylation-prediction-tool
#3
Pawan Kumar, Joseph Joy, Ashutosh Pandey, Dinesh Gupta
Protein methylation is an important Post-Translational Modification (PTMs) of proteins. Arginine methylation carries out and regulates several important biological functions, including gene regulation and signal transduction. Experimental identification of arginine methylation site is a daunting task as it is costly as well as time and labour intensive. Hence reliable prediction tools play an important task in rapid screening and identification of possible methylation sites in proteomes. Our preliminary assessment using the available prediction methods on collected data yielded unimpressive results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806746/selective-small-chemical-inhibitors-of-protein-arginine-methyltransferase-5-with-anti-lung-cancer-activity
#4
Gui-Mei Kong, Min Yu, Zhongping Gu, Zhi Chen, Rui-Ming Xu, Deon O'Bryant, Zhengxin Wang
Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) plays critical roles in a wide variety of biological processes, including tumorigenesis. By screening a library of small chemical compounds, we identified eight compounds that selectively inhibit the PRMT5 enzymatic activity, with IC50 values ranging from 0.1 to 6 μM. Molecular docking simulation and site-directed mutagenesis indicated that identified compounds target the substrate-binding site in PRMT5. Treatment of lung cancer cells with identified inhibitors led to inhibition of the symmetrical arginine methylation of SmD3 and histones and the cellular proliferation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801461/structural-basis-of-human-prdm9-allele-c-specific-recognition-of-its-cognate-dna-sequence
#5
Anamika Patel, Xing Zhang, Robert M Blumenthal, Xiaodong Cheng
PRDM9 is the only mammalian gene that has been associated with speciation. The PR/SET domain 9 (PRDM9) protein is a major determinant of meiotic recombination hotspots, and acts through sequence-specific DNA binding via its C2H2 zinc finger (ZF) tandem array, which is highly polymorphic within and between species. The most common human variant, PRDM9 allele A (PRDM9a), contains 13 fingers (ZF1-13). Allele C (PRDM9c) is the second-most common among African populations, and differs from PRDM9a by an arginine-to-serine change (R764S) in ZF9, and by replacement of ZF11 with two other fingers, yielding 14 fingers in PRDM9c...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801457/correction-for-yu-et-al-a-mouse-prmt1-null-allele-defines-an-essential-role-for-arginine-methylation-in-genome-maintenance-and-cell-proliferation
#6
Zhenbao Yu, Taiping Chen, Josée Hébert, En Li, Stéphane Richard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782772/green-tea-infusion-protects-against-alcoholic-liver-injury-by-attenuating-inflammation-and-regulating-the-pi3k-akt-enos-pathway-in-c57bl-6-mice
#7
Dongxu Wang, Qiang Gao, Taotao Wang, Guangshan Zhao, Frank Qian, Jinbao Huang, Haisong Wang, Xin Zhang, Yijun Wang
Alcohol intake is a major risk factor for the pathogenesis of alcoholic liver diseases. Accumulating evidence suggests that green tea protects against alcoholic liver injury; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The present study investigated the role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in the protective effects of green tea against alcohol-induced liver injury and inflammation. Ethanol was intragastrically administered to male C57BL/6 mice once a day, and the mice were allowed free access to green tea infusion or water for two weeks...
August 7, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782150/mri-assessment-of-coronary-microvascular-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-function-using-myocardial-t1-mapping
#8
Sophia X Cui, Frederick H Epstein
PURPOSE: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) plays a central role in regulating vascular tone, blood flow, and microvascular permeability. Endothelial dysfunction, including eNOS dysfunction, is an early biomarker of vascular disease. This study aimed to show that myocardial T1 mapping during nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition could assess coronary microvascular eNOS function. METHODS: Wild-type mice, eNOS(-/-) mice, and wild-type mice fed a high-fat diet underwent T1 mapping at baseline and for 20 min after injection of N(G) -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (LNAME), a NOS inhibitor...
August 7, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776992/hydrophilic-potent-and-selective-7-substituted-2-aminoquinolines-as-improved-human-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-inhibitors
#9
Anthony V Pensa, Maris A Cinelli, Huiying Li, Georges Chreifi, Paramita Mukherjee, Linda J Roman, Pavel Martásek, Thomas L Poulos, Richard B Silverman
Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is a target for development of antineurodegenerative agents. Most nNOS inhibitors mimic l-arginine and have poor bioavailability. 2-Aminoquinolines showed promise as bioavailable nNOS inhibitors but suffered from low human nNOS inhibition, low selectivity versus human eNOS, and significant binding to other CNS targets. We aimed to improve human nNOS potency and selectivity and reduce off-target binding by (a) truncating the original scaffold or (b) introducing a hydrophilic group to interrupt the lipophilic, promiscuous pharmacophore and promote interaction with human nNOS-specific His342...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771838/human-regulatory-macrophages-are-potent-in-suppression-of-the-xenoimmune-response-via-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-involved-mechanism-s
#10
Fei Guo, Min Hu, Dandan Huang, Yuanfei Zhao, Benjamin Heng, Gilles Guillemin, Chai K Lim, Wayne J Hawthorne, Shounan Yi
BACKGROUND: For xenotransplantation to truly succeed, we must develop immunomodulatory strategies to suppress the xenoimmune response but by minimizing immunosuppression over the long term. Regulatory macrophages (Mreg) have been shown to suppress polyclonal T-cell proliferation in vitro and prolong allograft survival in vivo. However, the question of whether they are capable of suppressing xenoimmune responses remains unknown. This study assessed the potential of human Mreg to be used as an effective immunomodulatory method in xenotransplantation...
August 2, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770018/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-attenuates-septic-myocardial-dysfunction-via-enos-no-pathway-in-rats
#11
Ni Zeng, Junmei Xu, Weifeng Yao, Suobei Li, Wei Ruan, Feng Xiao
Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction increases mortality in sepsis, yet the underlying mechanism is unclear. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been found to enhance cardiomyocyte function, but whether BDNF has a beneficial effect against septic myocardial dysfunction is unknown. Septic shock was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). BDNF was expressed in primary cardiomyocytes, and its expression was significantly reduced after sepsis. In rats with sepsis, a sharp decline in survival was observed after CLP, with significantly reduced cardiac BDNF expression, enhanced myocardial fibrosis, elevated oxidative stress, increased myocardial apoptosis, and decreased endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) and NO...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769868/hydrogen-sulfide-mediating-both-excitatory-and-inhibitory-effects-in-a-rat-model-of-meningeal-nociception-and-headache-generation
#12
Christiane Teicher, Roberto De Col, Karl Messlinger
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a neuromodulator acting through nitroxyl (HNO) when it reacts with nitric oxide (NO). HNO activates transient receptor potential channels of the ankyrin type 1 (TRPA1) causing release of calcitonin gene-related peptide from primary afferents. Activation of meningeal nociceptors projecting to the human spinal trigeminal nucleus (STN) may lead to headaches. In a rat model of meningeal nociception, the activity of spinal trigeminal neurons was used as read-out for the interaction between H2S and NO...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761288/influence-of-repeated-senna-laxative-use-on-skin-barrier-function-in-mice
#13
Satoshi Yokoyama, Keiichi Hiramoto, Yurika Yamate, Kazuya Ooi
BACKGROUND: Senna, one of the major stimulant laxatives, is widely used for treating constipation. Chronic senna use has been reported to be associated with colonic disorders such as melanosis coli and/or epithelial hyperplasia. However, there is no obvious information on the influence of chronic senna use on organs except for the intestine. OBJECTIVE: To clarify the influence of senna laxative use on skin barrier function by repeated senna administration. METHODS: Eight-week-old male hairless mice received senna (10 mg/kg/day) for 21 days...
August 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760945/inactivation-of-nitric-oxide-synthesis-exacerbates-the-development-of-alzheimer-disease-pathology-in-appps1-mice-amyloid-precursor-protein-presenilin-1
#14
Diana Cifuentes, Marine Poittevin, Philippe Bonnin, Anta Ngkelo, Nathalie Kubis, Tatyana Merkulova-Rainon, Bernard I Lévy
The epidemiological link between hypertension and Alzheimer disease is established. We previously reported that hypertension aggravates the Alzheimer-like pathology in APPPS1 mice (amyloid precursor protein/presenilin-1, mouse model of Alzheimer disease) with angiotensin II-induced hypertension, in relation with hypertension and nitric oxide deficiency. To provide further insights into the role of nitric oxide in the hypertension-Alzheimer disease cross-talk, we studied the effects of nitric oxide blockade in APPPS1 mice using N(ω)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) alone or in combination with hydralazine, to normalize blood pressure...
July 31, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758620/antibodies-against-the-mono-methylated-arginine-glycine-repeat-mma-rg-of-the-epstein-barr-virus-nuclear-antigen-2-ebna2-identify-potential-cellular-proteins-targeted-in-viral-transformation
#15
Hiresh Ayoubian, Thomas Fröhlich, Dagmar Pogodski, Andrew Flatley, Elisabeth Kremmer, Aloys Schepers, Regina Feederle, Georg J Arnold, Friedrich A Grässer
The Epstein-Barr virus is a human herpes virus with oncogenic potential. The virus-encoded nuclear antigen 2 (EBNA2) is a key mediator of viral tumorigenesis. EBNA2 features an arginine-glycine (RG) repeat at amino acids (aa)339-354 that is essential for the transformation of lymphocytes and contains symmetrically (SDMA) and asymmetrically (ADMA) di-methylated arginine residues. The SDMA-modified EBNA2 binds the survival motor neuron protein (SMN), thus mimicking SMD3, a cellular SDMA-containing protein that interacts with SMN...
July 28, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758430/calpain-inhibitor-attenuates-atherosclerosis-and-inflammation-in-atherosclerotic-rats-through-enos-no-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#16
Lan Yu, Meihui Yin, Xueyan Yang, Meili Lu, Futian Tang, Hongxin Wang
We previously reported that calpain, the Ca2+-sensitive cysteine protease, gets involved in the atherogenesis. This study was to investigate the effects of calpain inhibitor (CAI, 5 mg/kg/d) with or without NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME) (100 mg/kg/d), the inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), on atherosclerosis and inflammation in rat model induced by high cholesterol diet (HCD). The results demonstrated HCD increased protein expression of calpain-1 but not calpain-2 in aortic tissue. In addition, CAI reduced the thickness of atherosclerotic intima compared to HCD group, which was weakened by the L-NAME combination...
July 30, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757582/lactacystin-induced-model-of-hypertension-in-rats-effects-of-melatonin-and-captopril
#17
Fedor Simko, Olga Pechanova, Kristina Repova, Silvia Aziriova, Kristina Krajcirovicova, Peter Celec, Lubomira Tothova, Stanislava Vrankova, Lucia Balazova, Stefan Zorad, Michaela Adamcova
Lactacystin is a proteasome inhibitor that interferes with several factors involved in heart remodelling. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the chronic administration of lactacystin induces hypertension and heart remodelling and whether these changes can be modified by captopril or melatonin. In addition, the lactacystin-model was compared with N(G)-nitro-l-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME)- and continuous light-induced hypertension. Six groups of three-month-old male Wistar rats (11 per group) were treated for six weeks as follows: control (vehicle), L-NAME (40 mg/kg/day), continuous light (24 h/day), lactacystin (5 mg/kg/day) alone, and lactacystin with captopril (100 mg/kg/day), or melatonin (10 mg/kg/day)...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757440/nitric-oxide-synthase-inhibition-impairs-muscle-regrowth-following-immobilization
#18
Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Ivan José Vechetti-Júnior, Rodrigo Wagner Souza, Warlen Pereira Piedade, Francis Lopes Pacagnelli, André Soares Leopoldo, Juliano Casonatto, Maeli Dal-Pai-Silva
Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to increase skeletal muscle protein synthesis. However, the role of NO during skeletal muscle regrowth after immobilization remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether NO is required for muscle regrowth/recovery after a period of disuse by immobilization. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: recovered, 1-(2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-imidazole (TRIM; 10 mg·kg body mass(-1)·day(-1)), N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME; 90 mg·kg body mass(-1)·day(-1)), and control...
July 28, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754372/endogenous-nitric-oxide-inhibits-spinal-nmda-receptor-activity-and-pain-hypersensitivity-induced-by-nerve-injury
#19
Shao-Rui Chen, Xiao-Gao Jin, Hui-Lin Pan
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in nociceptive transmission at the spinal cord level remains uncertain. Increased activity of spinal N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors contributes to development of chronic pain induced by peripheral nerve injury. In this study, we determined how endogenous NO affects NMDA receptor activity of spinal cord dorsal horn neurons in control and spinal nerve-ligated rats. Bath application of the NO precursor l-arginine or the NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) significantly inhibited NMDA receptor currents of spinal dorsal horn neurons in both sham control and nerve-injured rats...
July 25, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752795/bovine-milk-derived-%C3%AE-lactalbumin-prevents-hepatic-fibrosis-induced-by-dimethylnitrosamine-via-nitric-oxide-pathway-in-rats
#20
Akika Fukawa, Orie Kobayashi, Makoto Yamaguchi, Masayuki Uchida, Akira Hosono
The present study was designed to evaluate the hepatoprotective potential of α-lactalbumin (αLA) against dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced toxic insults in the rat liver. The liver damage was induced in rats by the repeated administration of DMN (10 mg/kg, i.p.) on three consecutive days per week for three weeks. The rats were maintained on either a standard AIN-93 M or αLA-enriched diet starting one week before the DMN injection until the termination of the experiment. The DMN treatment produced a progressive increase in the plasma markers (aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, total bililbin, hyarulonic acid, and matrix metalloproteinase-2) in 28 days after the first DMN injection...
July 28, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
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