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urinary tract infection chinese medicine

Shi-Wei Liu, Xiao-Yang Xu, Jie Xu, Jiu-Yun Yuan, Wei-Kang Wu, Ning Zhang, Ze-Liang Chen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the resistance and virulence profiles of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and its treatment by Chinese medicine (CM) Fuzheng Qingre Lishi Formula (, FQLF). METHODS: UPEC strains were isolated from recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) patients. Patient sensitivities to 17 antibiotics were tested by the disk diffusion method. Virulence genes were screened by plolymerase chain reaction. A mouse model was constructed using a multi-drug resistant and virulent UPEC strain and treated with FQLF or the antibiotic imipenem...
December 27, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
San-Yuan Wu, Huey-Yi Chen, Kao-Sung Tsai, Jen-Huai Chiang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Wen-Chi Chen
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), which is widely used to treat pain and urolithiasis, is a promising therapy for urinary stone prevention. This study investigated the clinical efficacy of a popular CHM, Wu-Ling-San (WLS), in Taiwan for the prophylaxis of recurrent nephrolithiasis as assessed by surgical stone treatment via a nationwide population-based cohort study. The National Health Insurance Research Database, 2000-2010, which included one million patient records. All patients diagnosed with stone disease at the beginning of the study...
2016: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
Andrew Flower, Kim Harman, George Lewith, Michael Moore, Felicity L Bishop, Beth Stuart, Nicholas Lampert
BACKGROUND: In the UK, urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infection presented by women in primary care. Recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs) are defined as three episodes of UTI in the last 12 months, or two episodes in the last 6 months. Between 20 and 30 % of women who have had one episode of UTI will have an RUTI, and approximately 25 % of these will develop subsequent recurrent episodes. RUTIs can have a significant negative effect on the quality of life, and have a high impact on health care costs as a result of outpatient visits, diagnostic tests and prescriptions...
2016: Trials
Caroline A Smith, Mike Armour, Carolyn Ee
Complementary therapies and medicines are a broad and diverse range of treatments, and are frequently used by women and their partners during the preconception period to assist with infertility, and to address pregnancy-related conditions. Despite frequent use, the evidence examining the efficacy, effectiveness, and safety for many modalities is lacking, with variable study quality. In this article, we provide an overview of research evidence with the aim of examining the evidence to inform clinical practice...
March 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
Chuen-Chau Chang, Ta-Liang Chen, Hsienhsueh Elley Chiu, Chaur-Jong Hu, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Chin-Chuan Tsai, Hsin-Long Lane, Mao-Feng Sun, Fung-Chang Sung, Chien-Chang Liao, Jaung-Geng Lin, Chun-Chuan Shih
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was high in stroke patients but limited information was available on whether TCM is effective on post-stroke outcomes. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of stroke patients with and without receiving adjuvant TCM therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we conducted a nationwide cohort study and selected hospitalized stroke patients receiving routine care with (n=1734) and without (n=1734) in-hospital adjuvant TCM therapy by propensity score matching procedures...
January 11, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Pei-Jung Chiang, Tsai-Chung Li, Chih-Hung Chang, Li-Li Chen, Jun-Dai Lin, Yi-Chang Su
BACKGROUND: Infections such as common colds, influenza, acute upper respiratory infections, bacterial gastroenteritis, and urinary tract infections are usually diagnosed according to patients' signs and symptoms. This study aims to develop a scale for the diagnosis of infectious diseases based on the six excesses (Liu Yin) etiological theory of Chinese medicine (CM) by the Delphi method. METHODS: A total of 200 CM-guided diagnostic items measuring signs and symptoms for infectious diseases were compiled from CM literature archives from the Han to Ming dynasties, CM textbooks in both China and Taiwan, and journal articles from the China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database...
2015: Chinese Medicine
Andrew Flower, Li-Qiong Wang, George Lewith, Jian Ping Liu, Qing Li
BACKGROUND: Acute urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common bacterial infection that affects 40% to 50% of women. Between 20% and 30% of women who have had a UTI will experience a recurrence, and around 25% will develop ongoing recurrent episodes with implications for individual well-being and healthcare costs. Prophylactic antibiotics can prevent recurrent UTIs but there are growing concerns about microbial resistance, side effects from treatment and lack of long-term benefit. Consequently, alternative treatments are being investigated...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rui Zhang, Yongteng Xu, Shengping Yang, Hui Liang, Yunxin Zhang, Yali Liu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of onabotulinumtoxinA for patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, PUBMED, EMBASE, Chinese Bio-medicine database, China Journal Full-text Database, VIP database, Wanfang database for randomized controlled trials (from inception to September 2012). Two authors independently selected studies, extracted data and assessed the methodological and evidence quality using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Table and GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) respectively...
March 2015: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Dorit Gamus
This article assesses the evidence for effectiveness, adverse effects and cost-effectiveness of complementary therapies, as reflected in publications in high impact factor medical journals during the years 2012-2014. The search detected 13 randomized controlled studies (RCTs) and 14 meta-analyses, which collectively assessed results of 191 RCTs involving the participation of several thousand patients. Pain was the major focus of acupuncture research in both clinical and fMRI studies, which demonstrated that the effect of acupuncture is beyond the placebo effect...
January 2015: Harefuah
Jian-nong Wu, Tie-er Gan, Yue-xian Zhu, Jun-min Cao, Cong-hua Ji, Yi-hua Wu, Bin Lv
In many traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) hospitals, most patients are elderly with chronic diseases. Nosocomial bloodstream infections (nBSIs) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. A retrospective surveillance study was performed to examine the epidemiology and microbiology of nBSIs in a TCM hospital from 2009 to 2011. A total of 482 patients with nBSIs were included in the study period. The incidence rate was 5.7/1000 admissions. Escherichia coli (25.5%) was the most common Gram-negative and coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CoNS) (14...
January 2015: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Penelope Barrett, Andrew Flower, Vivienne Lo
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has a recorded history of over 2000 years that may be used to authenticate and guide modern treatments for disease, and also identify neglected but potentially useful treatment strategies. However this process is often based on over-simplistic conceptions of tradition and history that fail to take into account the dynamic nature of 'traditions' and underestimate the importance of contextual factors in their interpretation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of a process of defining good practice for a clinical trial of CHM for recurrent urinary tract infections, a selective review of classical Chinese medical texts was undertaken to investigate the historical treatment of urinary diseases specified by the traditional category of Lin diseases...
June 5, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Lin Zheng, Yuan Lu, Xu Cao, Yong Huang, Yue Liu, Li Tang, Shang-Gao Liao, Ai-Min Wang, Yong-Jun Li, Yan-Yu Lan, Yong-Lin Wang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Polygonum capitatum is a well-known Miao medicinal plant that has been used for many years for its unique therapeutic effects on various urological disorders, including urinary calculus and urinary tract infections. To investigate the effect of Polygonum capitatum on cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoforms (CYP1A2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4) in vivo using a "cocktail" approach by administering five probe drugs to rats. This study assessed the potential of Polygonum capitatum to interact with co-administered drugs...
December 2, 2014: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Zhi Qiao Ma, Hao Hu, Tian Tian He, Hong Guo, Mao Yu Zhang, Mei Wan Chen, Yi Tao Wang
BACKGROUND: The main objectives of this study were to assess the current research and development of traditional Uighur medicine in Xinjiang (China), and to evaluate the promising pharmacological products of traditional Uighur medicine for further studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Traditional Uighur medicine data of medicine registry, patent, and academic publications was collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Data showed that, among the registered and studied traditional Uighur medicine, the main therapeutic areas of traditional Uighur medicine focused on skin disease, urogenital disease, rheumatism and digestive system disease...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
A Ouzzane, M Rouprêt, P Leon, D R Yates, P Colin
AIM: To describe the epidemiology, the risk and genetic factors involved in carcinogenesis pathways of upper urinary tumors UTUCs. MATERIAL: A systematic review of the scientific literature was performed from the database Medline (National Library of Medicine, PubMed) and websites of the HAS and the ANSM using the following keywords: epidemiology; risk factor; tobacco; aristolochic acid; urothelial carcinoma; ureter; renal pelvis. The search was focused on the characteristics, the mode of action, the efficiency and the side effects of the various drugs concerned...
November 2014: Progrès en Urologie
Yifan Wu, Yin Li, Xiaozhen Tong, Fuhua Lu, Wei Mao, Lizhe Fu, Lili Deng, Xi Liu, Chuang Li, Lei Zhang, Xusheng Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of coix seed diet therapy on the nutritional status of peritoneal dialysis patients and to discuss the potential reasons. METHODS: 30 dialysis patients with regular return visit to peritoneal dialysis center of Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were recruited and divided into two groups according to their willingness. 13 patients in control group continued their usual dialysis prescriptions and medications, whereas 30g of coix seed per day was added to the usual therapies of 17 patients in coix seed group...
February 2014: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Yanqing Tong, Yan Leng, Jingli Bai
We have used reduced doses of Chinese herbs for estimation of urinary tract infections (UTIs) patients with stable impairment of renal function. A total of 33 adult female patients with moderately impaired renal function and symptomatic UTIs were included in this study. Urine cultures were carried out. Patients were monitored clinically and with various laboratory tests. Chinese herbal concoction divided by milligrams of creatinine per 100 ml were orally administrated for ten days. Three patients were excluded from final analysis...
2012: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
Yan Nie, Xin Dong, Yongjing He, Tingting Yuan, Ting Han, Khalid Rahman, Luping Qin, Qiaoyan Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In the genus Curculigo, Curculigo orchioides Gaertn, Curculigo capitulata (Lour) O. Ktze and Curculigo pilosa (Schumach. & Thonn.) Engl are often used in traditional medicine. Curculigo orchioides is used for the treatment of impotence, limb limpness, arthritis of the lumbar and knee joints, and watery diarrhea in traditional Chinese medicine, and also used as a potent immunomodulator and aphrodisiac in the Ayurvedic medical system. Curculigo capitulata is used for the treatment of consumptive cough, kidney asthenia, impotence and spermatorrhea, hemorrhoids, asthma, jaundice, diarrhea, colic and gonorrhea in traditional Chinese and India medicine, and to treat urinary tract infection, acute renal pelvis and nephritis, nephritis-edema, cystitis, nephrolithiasis, hypertension and rheumatic arthritis in traditional Dai medicine...
June 3, 2013: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Yanqing Tong, Yue Jing, Dongkai Zhao, Liping Zhang, Shiming Zeng
We assessed the effects of Chinese herbs on the uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women caused by fluoroquinolone-resistant strains. A total of 56 pre-menopausal women with uncomplicated UTIs caused by fluoroquinolone-resistant strains were included. Urine cultures were carried out. All organisms were proved to be fluoroquinolone-resistant at baseline. The patients were orally administrated Chinese herbal concoction for ten days. Chinese herbal concoction eradicated the primary pathogen in 71...
2011: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
Ashish Anil Sule, Tay Jam Chin, Letchumi Sinnathamby, Hwei Khien Lee, Arul Earnest
The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients admitted to the Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH), Singapore during October and November 2009. The primary outcome assessed was mortality due to VTE, or development of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism (PE) within 3 months from the day of admission. Both univariate and multivariate analyses were performed for all-cause mortality and deaths associated with PE. Seven hundred twenty-one patients admitted to the 5th floor of the General Medicine Department, TTSH, during the 2 months were analyzed...
June 2011: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
Yujuan Zhou, Qianjin Liao, Yuping Luo, Zhenqi Qing, Qiuju Zhang, Guoping He
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a long-term complication of diabetic mellitus. Numerous reports have suggested that oxidative stress is defined as the excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) surpassing existing anti-oxidative defense mechanisms, and plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Rosa laevigata Michx. (RLM) is the commonly used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of chronic urinary tract infections and anti-oxidative treatments, and has been shown to have a renal protective effect in diabetic rats...
June 2012: Molecular Medicine Reports
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