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lap g i surgery

G D L Jorge, R R Tártaro, C A F Escanhoela, I D F S F Boin
BACKGROUND: Biliary complications are important causes of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing hepatic surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate late liver alterations after a long period of choledochal clamping in Wistar rats. METHODS: Ten male Wistar rats, weighing 304 grams, anesthetized with sodium thiopental (25 mg/kg) and xylazine (10 mg/kg) intravenously, were distributed into 2 groups: the choledochal clamping group (CCG) and the operation sham group (OSG), with 5 animals each submitted to an abdominal incision...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Sumitra G Bakshi, Amol Mapari, T S Shylasree
BACKGROUND: Opioid-sparing pain management is important for Enhanced Recovery After Surgery. Rectus sheath (RS) blocks are emerging as a promising modality for pain relief following midline laparotomy; however, there are limited prospective clinical trials testing their efficacy. The purpose of this randomized-controlled trial is to assess the morphine-sparing effect of local anesthetic (LA) boluses through RS catheters following elective gynecological oncology surgery. METHOD: After patients' informed consent, bilateral RS catheters were placed intraoperatively in 74 females (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II) undergoing elective midline laparotomy under general anesthesia...
September 14, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Alexander Melamed, Nancy L Keating, Joel T Clemmer, Amy J Bregar, Jason D Wright, David M Boruta, John O Schorge, Marcela G Del Carmen, J Alejandro Rauh-Hain
BACKGROUND: Whereas advances in minimally invasive surgery have made laparoscopic staging technically feasible in stage I epithelial ovarian cancer, the practice remains controversial because of an absence of randomized trials and lack of high-quality observational studies demonstrating equivalent outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the association of laparoscopic staging with survival among women with clinical stage I epithelial ovarian cancer. STUDY DESIGN: We used the National Cancer Data Base to identify all women who underwent surgical staging for clinical stage I epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosed from 2010 through 2012...
August 25, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ahmed M Elshal, Yasser Eldemerdash, Ramy Mekkawy, Diaa-Eldin Taha, Mahmoud Laymon, Ahmed R El-Nahas, Ahmed El-Assmy
OBJECTIVES: To review non-morcellation approaches for tissue retrieval after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and whether these approaches demolish the advantages of the HoLEP procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed our prospectively maintained laser prostate database for HoLEP procedures where non-morcellation approaches were used for retrieval of the enucleated adenoma. Non-morcellation approaches were adopted in cases of morcellator malfunction or whenever concomitant pathology indicated laparotomy...
June 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
G N Andrei, B I Diaconescu, B V Martian, M Beuran
We present a rare case of a 74 year old man admitted by ambulance to our department following a blunt minor abdominal trauma (veal attack). He complained of pain in the left abdominal flank and in the lower abdomen. The lower abdomen was tender, moderate distended but not rigid. He also had a left inguinal uncomplicated hernia. Because he was hemodynamic stable we performed a CT - scan who revealed several pockets of free air anteriorly in the midline. One hour and a half after admission the pacient underwent exploratory laparotomy, revealing a antimesostenic perforation of the ileum about 120 cm from the ileo-cecal valve...
May 2016: Chirurgia
A V Golub, R S Kozlov, V G Pleshkov, A P Moskalev, R A Alibegov, M A Chelombitko
AIM: To assess an incidence rate of surgical site infections (SSI) after open appendectomy and effectiveness of combined preventive measures (CPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was performed at three surgical departments of Smolensk hospitals. A total of 150 consecutive patients (50 at each department) hospitalized since January 2012 were included into the retrospective observation (period I). In order to perform prospective evaluation of CPM, a total of 66 consecutive patients (randomized 1:1) hospitalized since December 2012 (period II) were followed up at each of the departments...
2016: Khirurgiia
Yu A Kozlov, V A Novozhilov, A A Rasputin, G P Us, N N Kuznetsova, A Pakel'chuk
AIM: To compare treatment of intestinal malrotation in newborns and infants using laparoscopy and laparotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the period from January 2004 to December 2013 34 Ladd's procedures were performed. Children were divided into 2 groups by 17 patients: laparoscopic (group I) and open treatment (group II). RESULTS: Both groups had similar demographic and other preoperative parameters. There were significant differences in duration of operation between both groups (61 vs...
2016: Khirurgiia
Valerio Gallotta, Marco Petrillo, Carmine Conte, Giuseppe Vizzielli, Anna Fagotti, Gabriella Ferrandina, Francesco Fanfani, Barbara Costantini, Vittoria Carbone, Giovanni Scambia
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the oncologic outcomes of patients with early-stage ovarian cancer (eOC) managed by laparoscopy or laparotomy in a single high-volume gynecologic cancer center. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Hearth, Rome, Italy. PATIENTS: Data of consecutive women with eOC undergoing comprehensive laparoscopic staging between 2007 and 2013 were matched with a cohort of patients undergoing open surgery between 2000 and 2011...
July 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
I Kassegne, E V Sewa, K K Kanassoua, F Alassani, K Adabra, K Amavi, K G Azialey, K Attipou
This study's aim was to describe the management of ulcerous pyloroduodenal stenosis in Sylvanus Olympio teaching hospital of Lomé (Togo). It was a retrospective study of medical files of all patients managed for peptic pyloroduodenal stenosis at the visceral surgery department of Sylvanus Olympio teaching hospital in Lomé (Togo) from january 1(st), 2002 to december 31(th), 2011. Twenty-five patients were selected. Mean age was 38 ± 7.4 years. Sex-ratio was 5. Twenty four patients underwent upper digestive tract endoscopy, completed by upper gastrointestinal series in 18 cases...
May 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Eva Versteijne, Casper H J van Eijck, Cornelis J A Punt, Mustafa Suker, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Miriam A C Dohmen, Karin B C Groothuis, Oliver R C Busch, Marc G H Besselink, Ignace H J T de Hingh, Albert J Ten Tije, Gijs A Patijn, Bert A Bonsing, Judith de Vos-Geelen, Joost M Klaase, Sebastiaan Festen, Djamila Boerma, Joris I Erdmann, I Quintus Molenaar, Erwin van der Harst, Marion B van der Kolk, Coen R N Rasch, Geertjan van Tienhoven
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth largest cause of cancer death in the United States and Europe with over 100,000 deaths per year in Europe alone. The overall 5-year survival ranges from 2-7 % and has hardly improved over the last two decades. Approximately 15 % of all patients have resectable disease at diagnosis, and of those, only a subgroup has a resectable tumour at surgical exploration. Data from cohort studies have suggested that outcome can be improved by preoperative radiochemotherapy, but data from well-designed randomized studies are lacking...
2016: Trials
K H Chang, M G Bourke, D O Kavanagh, P C Neary, J M O'Riordan
The benefits of laparoscopic versus open surgery for patients with both benign and malignant colorectal disease have been well established. Re-laparoscopy in patients who develop complications following laparoscopic colorectal surgery has recently been reported by some groups and the aim of this systematic review was to summarise this literature. A literature search of PubMed, Medline and EMBASE identified a total of 11 studies that reported laparoscopic re-intervention for complications in 187 patients following laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
October 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Sang Eun Lee, Seok-Soo Byun, June Hyun Han, Byung Kyu Han, Sung Kyu Hong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic significance of common preoperative laboratory variables evaluated before surgery for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the records of 355 patients who had surgery for clear cell RCC, assessing: clinical factors, including preoperative laboratory measurements, i.e. haemoglobin level, leukocyte count, platelet count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), serum calcium, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin, bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and red blood cells in urine; and pathological factors, with the survival rates after surgery...
December 2006: BJU International
A Molino, G Pelosi, M Turazza, L Sperotto, A Bonetti, R Nortilli, G Fattovich, C Alaimo, Q Piubello, F Pavanel, R Micciolo, G L Cetto
BACKGROUND: The presence in bone marrow of cells which react with monoclonal antibodies against tumor-associated antigens has been proposed over the last few years as a new prognostic factor in breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Bone marrow aspirates were obtained from 109 stage I and II breast cancer patients during or 2-4 weeks after primary surgery. The samples were processed for leukocyte separation on a Ficoll-Hypaque gradient and then used to prepare cytospin slides for immunocytochemical analysis...
January 1997: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
J Mühlhauser, M Jones, I Yamada, C Cirielli, P Lemarchand, T R Gloe, B Bewig, S Signoretti, R G Crystal, M C Capogrossi
Gene transfer with replication-deficient recombinant adenovirus (Ad) vectors may provide a novel approach to the treatment of some cardiac disorders. The relative efficiency of intramyocardial vs intracoronary Ad vector injection in transducing myocardial cells remains to be determined. Further, Ad vectors are associated with localized inflammation, and this could be associated with clinically significant side-effects. Female minipigs underwent open chest surgery and the Ad vector AdCMV.NLS beta-gal was injected into the circumflex coronary artery (IC; 2 x 10(10) p...
February 1996: Gene Therapy
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