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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313515/pathological-overview-of-chronic-gastritis-in-senegal-results-of-upper-gastrointestinal-tract-endoscopies
#1
K Doh, I Thiam, A Halim, R C A Takin, G Woto-Gaye
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of gastritis in upper endoscopies performed for clinical signs suggestive of gastritis among 100 patients in a tropical country. Chronic gastritis (CG) was present among 81%, including CG due to Helicobacter pylori (n = 61, 75.3%), reactive CG (n = 14), and autoimmune CG (n = 6). The gastritis was located in the stomach antrum (55.7%, n = 40), fundus (3.3%, n = 2), or both (41% n = 25). Median age at diagnosis was 35 years (14/80). This CG was associated with signs of stomach activity (27...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290424/changes-in-gene-expression-in-the-rumen-and-colon-epithelia-during-the-dry-period-through-lactation-of-dairy-cows-and-effects-of-live-yeast-supplementation
#2
A Bach, I Guasch, G Elcoso, F Chaucheyras-Durand, M Castex, F Fàbregas, E Garcia-Fruitos, A Aris
The objectives of this study were (1) to use endoscopy to collect biopsies from the rumen and colon epithelia to describe changes in gene expression in these 2 tissues as cows move from a dry to a lactation ration and (2) to evaluate the potential influence that supplementation of live yeast could exert on these 2 epithelia. Twenty-one Holstein cows were split into 2 treatments and received either 300 g/d of corn containing 1 × 1010 cfu/d of live yeast (LY; n = 10) or 300 g/d of corn with no supplementation (control; n = 11) starting 21 ± 2...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280701/laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-migration-an-early-approach-for-a-late-complication
#3
G Martines, A Picciariello, I Ugenti, E Lagovardou, R Digennaro, P Capuano
AIM: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) migration is an uncommon late complication after bariatric surgery. It usually presents with an unexplained weight increase or without any symptom. Current guidelines do not establish the timing of a clear endoscopic follow-up to prevent and/or to treat this kind of complication. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Long-term follow-up was performed in 217 patients with LAGB (37 underwent surgery in other bariatric centers). At the endoscopic check, 3 patients presented banding erosion respectively 7, 9 and 11 years after surgery...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151692/fecal-calprotectin-measurement-is-a-marker-of-short-term-clinical-outcome-and-presence-of-mucosal-healing-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
Athanasios Kostas, Spyros I Siakavellas, Charalambos Kosmidis, Anna Takou, Joanna Nikou, Georgios Maropoulos, John Vlachogiannakos, George V Papatheodoridis, Ioannis Papaconstantinou, Giorgos Bamias
AIM: To evaluate the utility of fecal calprotectin (FC) in predicting relapse and endoscopic activity during follow-up in an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cohort. METHODS: All FC measurements that were obtained during a 3-year period from patients with inflammatory bowel disease in clinical remission were identified. Data regarding the short-term (6 mo) course of the disease were extracted from the medical files. Exclusion criteria were defined as: (1) An established flare of the disease at the time of FC measurement, (2) Loss to follow up within 6 mo from baseline FC measurement, and, (3) Insufficient data on file...
November 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094889/chronic-rhinosinusitis
#5
REVIEW
Ahmad R Sedaghat
Chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses that occurs in 1% to 5% of the U.S. POPULATION: It may significantly decrease quality of life. Chronic rhinosinusitis is defined by the presence of at least two out of four cardinal symptoms (i.e., facial pain/pressure, hyposmia/anosmia, nasal drainage, and nasal obstruction) for at least 12 consecutive weeks, in addition to objective evidence. Objective evidence of chronic rhinosinusitis may be obtained on physical examination (anterior rhinoscopy, endoscopy) or radiography, preferably from sinus computed tomography...
October 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072668/-polypous-pansinusitis-with-the-deformation-of-the-external-nose-in-a-8-year-old-child-presenting-with-the-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-syndrome
#6
A I Asmanov, N V Zlobina, E Yu Radtsig, G A Polev, E V Sorokina
This article reports a rare observation of the development of chronic polypous pansinusitis with deformation of the external nose in a 8 year-old child presenting with primary ciliary dyskinesia syndrome. The patient underwent multiple surgical interventions in the preceding period. The key argument in favour of the definitive diagnosis was the results of investigation of ciliated epithelium biopsy taken from the nasal cavity and bronchi in combination with the data obtained by diagnostic endoscopy of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx supplemented by computed tomography...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061033/characteristics-of-helicobacter-pylori-seropositive-subjects-according-to-the-stool-antigen-test-findings-a-prospective-study
#7
Hee-Won Moon, Sun-Young Lee, Mina Hur, Yeo-Min Yun
Background/Aims: In countries with a higher risk of gastric atrophic gastritis, noninvasive tests are helpful for a more reliable diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of seropositive subjects according to their stool H. pylori antigen test, serum pepsinogen (PG) assay, and endoscopic findings. Methods: Consecutive subjects who visited Konkuk University Medical Center for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for a regular check-up were included in a prospective setting if the serum anti-H...
October 24, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060956/-serological-changes-after-equivocal-helicobacter-pylori-serology-test-findings-dependent-on-gastric-secreting-ability
#8
Ji Hye Kim, Sun Young Lee, Hyun Gyung Kwon, Sang Pyo Lee, Jeong Hwan Kim, In Kyung Sung, Hyung Seok Park, Chan Sup Shim
Background/Aims: The serum anti-Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) immunoglobulin G (IgG) and serum pepsinogen (PG) assays are widely used to screen for gastric cancer. An equivocal serology test finding indicates IgG titer between the positive and negative test findings. This study aims to evaluate the long-term follow-up result after an equivocal test finding on the serum anti-H. pylori IgG assay. Methods: Koreans aged 18 years or older with an equivocal serum anti-H...
October 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026668/fourth-ventricle-neurocysticercosis-rigid-endoscopic-management-description-of-direct-transcerebellar-approach
#9
A Ceja-Espinosa, J A Franco-Jiménez, A Sosa-Nájera, G A Gutiérrez-Aceves, M I Ruiz-Flores
BACKGROUND: Endoscopy has gained a crucial role in high specialty neurosurgery during the last decades. At present, there are well-defined flexible neuroendoscopic procedures to treat ventricular and subarachnoid space pathologies. Neurocysticercosis is recognized as a common cause of neurologic disease in developing countries and the United States. Surgical intervention, especially cerebrospinal fluid diversion, is the key for management of hydrocephalus. In 2002, a consensus suggested that ventricular forms should be treated with endoscopy as the first option...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984679/influence-of-laboratory-related-and-endoscopy-related-factors-on-the-assessment-of-serum-pepsinogens-and-gastrin-17
#10
Elisabetta Goni, Marino Venerito, Christian Schulz, Jochen Weigt, Cosima Langner, Alexander Link, Peter Malfertheiner
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Serum pepsinogen I (PGI) and pepsinogen II (PGII) are noninvasive parameters in the detection of atrophic gastritis. The diagnostic add-on value of serum gastrin-17 (G-17) remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess the stability of these serum parameters over time and to evaluate the influence of clinical factors, such as upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and bowel cleansing, on serum PGI, PGII, and G-17 assessment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was carried out in healthy individuals and patients...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980595/-differential-diagnostics-of-headache-associated-with-pathological-changes-in-the-nasal-cavity-and-paranasal-sinuses
#11
A I Kryukov, G Yu Tsarapkin, A S Tovmasyan, S G Arzamazov, Z O Zaoeva, A E Kishinevskii
Headache is not infrequently one of the major complaints in the patients visiting the otorhinolaryngologist's office. It was estimated to occur in 24% of the patients presenting with chronic sinusitis. The cause of headache may be pathological processes either in the nasal cavity or in the paranasal sinuses as well as a primary disorder in the nervous system. The present article is concerned with the peculiar features of rhinogenic headache and that of a different etiology. It was shown that the patients suffering from headache are in need not only of the obligatory otorhinolaryngological examination including endoscopy of the nasal cavity, X-ray study and, sometimes, specialized tests but also of neurological counseling...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886205/placebo-response-and-remission-rates-in-randomised-trials-of-induction-and-maintenance-therapy-for-ulcerative-colitis
#12
REVIEW
Vipul Jairath, G Y Zou, Claire E Parker, John K MacDonald, Turki AlAmeel, Mohammad Al Beshir, Majid A Almadi, Talal Al-Taweel, Nathan Ss Atkinson, Sujata Biswas, Thomas Chapman, Parambir S Dulai, Mark A Glaire, Daniël R Hoekman, Andreas Koutsoumpas, Elizabeth Minas, Mahmoud H Mosli, Mark Samaan, Reena Khanna, Simon Travis, Geert D'Haens, William J Sandborn, Brian G Feagan
BACKGROUND: It is important to minimize placebo rates in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to efficiently detect treatment differences between interventions. Historically, high placebo rates have been observed in clinical trials of ulcerative colitis (UC). A better understanding of factors influencing placebo rates may lead to more informed clinical trial design. OBJECTIVES: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate placebo response and remission rates in RCTs evaluating UC treatments in adult patients...
September 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871497/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-new-swallowable-intragastric-balloon-not-needing-endoscopy-early-italian-experience
#13
A Genco, I Ernesti, R Ienca, G Casella, S Mariani, D Francomano, E Soricelli, M Lorenzo, M Monti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new intragastric balloon (Elipse™ Balloon, Allurion Technologies, Natick, MA USA) not needing endoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The balloon was swallowed under fluoroscopy in 38 consecutive patients (F/M 28/10, mean age 46.4 ± 10.6 years, mean weight 109.7 ± 21.9 kg, and mean body mass index (BMI) 38.6 ± 6.7 kg/m(2)). After 4 months, the balloon spontaneously emptied and it was excreted through the digestive tract without upper endoscopy...
September 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819089/follow-up-practices-of-surgeons-and-medical-oncologists-in-australia-and-new-zealand-following-resection-of-esophagogastric-cancers
#14
Tim Chew, Tim Bright, Timothy J Price, David I Watson, Peter G Devitt
PURPOSE: Follow-up practices for patients who have undergone surgical resection of esophagogastric malignancies are variable and poorly documented. To better understand practice, a questionnaire was used to survey surgeons and medical oncologists to determine whether any consensus exists. METHODS: An opt-in online questionnaire was sent to esophagogastric surgeons and medical oncologists via the membership lists for the Australian and New Zealand Gastric and Oesophageal Surgery Association (ANZGOSA), the Australian Gastro-Intestinal Trials Groups (AGITG), and the Medical Oncology Group of Australia (MOGA)...
October 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791044/adding-bismuth-to-rabeprazole-based-first-line-triple-therapy-does-not-improve-the-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori
#15
Meng-Chieh Wu, Yao-Kuang Wang, Chung-Jung Liu, Fang-Jung Yu, Fu-Chen Kuo, Min-Li Liu, Chao-Hung Kuo, Deng-Chyang Wu, Yao-Kang Huang, I-Chen Wu
This randomized controlled study aimed to evaluate whether adding bismuth to the standard first-line triple therapy could improve the eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori. A total of 162 patients with Helicobacter pylori infection were randomly assigned to either the 7-day triple therapy group (RAK regimen: rabeprazole 20 mg, amoxicillin 1 g, and clarithromycin 500 mg bid; n = 81) or the bismuth plus triple therapy group (n = 81). In the RBAK group, bismuth subcitrate 360 mg twice daily was added to the RAK regimen...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755256/rectal-sparing-approach-after-preoperative-radio-and-or-chemotherapy-resarch-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-multicentre-observational-study
#16
A Barina, A De Paoli, P Delrio, M Guerrieri, A Muratore, F Bianco, D Vespa, C Asteria, E Morpurgo, A Restivo, C Coco, U Pace, C Belluco, C Aschele, S Lonardi, V Valentini, G Mantello, I Maretto, P Del Bianco, A Perin, S Pucciarelli
BACKGROUND: Rectum-sparing approaches appear to be appropriate in rectal cancer patients with a major (mCR) or complete clinical response (cCR) after neoadjuvant therapy. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of rectum-sparing approaches at 2 years after the completion of neoadjuvant treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with rectal adenocarcinoma eligible to receive neoadjuvant therapy will be prospectively enrolled. Patients will be restaged 7-8 weeks after the completion of neoadjuvant therapy and those with mCR (defined as absence of mass, small mucosal irregularity no more than 2 cm in diameter at endoscopy and no metastatic nodes at MRI) or cCR will be enrolled in the trial...
August 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704189/chronic-hepatitis-due-to-gluten-enteropathy-a-case-report
#17
Irina I Ivanova, Denitsa Y Dukova, Pavlina G Boikova, Lili S Grudeva, Ivan B Shalev, Iskren A Kotzev
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy precipitated by exposure to dietary gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 45-year-old Caucasian woman presented with severe iron-deficient anemia and mild elevation of liver enzymes. Upper endoscopy was done in the context of evaluation of anemia, which revealed reduced duodenal folds and mosaic pattern of the mucosa, but also grade II esophageal varices and portal hypertensive gastropathy...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674501/the-digestive-tract-of-cephalopods-toward-non-invasive-in-vivo-monitoring-of-its-physiology
#18
Giovanna Ponte, Antonio V Sykes, Gavan M Cooke, Eduardo Almansa, Paul L R Andrews
Ensuring the health and welfare of animals in research is paramount, and the normal functioning of the digestive tract is essential for both. Here we critically assess non- or minimally-invasive techniques which may be used to assess a cephalopod's digestive tract functionality to inform health monitoring. We focus on: (i) predatory response as an indication of appetitive drive; (ii) body weight assessment and interpretation of deviations (e.g., digestive gland weight loss is disproportionate to body weight loss in starvation); (iii) oro-anal transit time requiring novel, standardized techniques to facilitate comparative studies of species and diets; (iv) defecation frequency and analysis of fecal color (diet dependent) and composition (parasites, biomarkers, and cytology); (v) digestive tract endoscopy, but passage of the esophagus through the brain is a technical challenge; (vi) high resolution ultrasound that offers the possibility of imaging the morphology of the digestive tract (e...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662204/validation-of-an-algorithm-to-identify-children-with-biopsy-proven-celiac-disease-from-within-health-administrative-data-an-assessment-of-health-services-utilization-patterns-in-ontario-canada
#19
Jason Chan, David R Mack, Douglas G Manuel, Nassim Mojaverian, Joseph de Nanassy, Eric I Benchimol
IMPORTANCE: Celiac disease (CD) is a common pediatric illness, and awareness of gluten-related disorders including CD is growing. Health administrative data represents a unique opportunity to conduct population-based surveillance of this chronic condition and assess the impact of caring for children with CD on the health system. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to validate an algorithm based on health administrative data diagnostic codes to accurately identify children with biopsy-proven CD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649913/faecal-calprotectin-detects-subclinical-bowel-inflammation-and-may-predict-treatment-response-in-spondyloarthritis
#20
R D Østgård, B W Deleuran, M Y Dam, I T Hansen, A G Jurik, H Glerup
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal inflammation is frequent in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). Here, we test the validity of faecal calprotectin as a marker of intestinal inflammation in SpA patients and evaluate the response of adalimumab in patients with and without intestinal lesions. METHOD: Patients were included on the basis of active SpA with a Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index ≥ 4. After a 4 week non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug washout period, patients were divided into two groups based on faecal calprotectin level (> 100 mg/kg, n = 15, and < 50 mg/kg, n = 15)...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
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