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Min Wang, Qing Wang, Chenyan Sha, Jiakuan Chen
The carbon cycle is significantly affected by Spartina alterniflora invasion through its impact on blue carbon in many salt marshes. To determine the impacts on soil organic carbon (SOC), we studied the vertical and horizontal distribution of SOC. And stable carbon isotopes were used to explore the impact of the age of S. alterniflora invasion on SOC in Chongming Dongtan wetland located in the Yangtze River estuary, China. The results showed that the SOC concentration was higher in the S. alterniflora community than that in the native Phragmites australis community...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Alexandre Erraud, Marc Bonnard, Arnaud Chaumot, Olivier Geffard, Aurélie Duflot, Joëlle Forget-Leray, Frank Le Foll, Alain Geffard, Benoit Xuereb
In a previous study, the Comet assay was optimized for Palaemon serratus prawns in order to propose a biomarker for sperm quality in this species. However, better knowledge of its basal level and its natural variability, related to intrinsic biotic and environmental abiotic factors, is required before any relevant use of this biomarker in the field. To fulfill this goal, the present study proceeded in three steps: (i) the temporal variability of DNA integrity was followed monthly in a reference population over a 2-year period, (ii) the correlation between the main intrinsic biotic (i...
December 27, 2017: Water Research
Jennifer L Gosselin, Richard W Zabel, James J Anderson, James R Faulkner, António M Baptista, Benjamin P Sandford
Experiences of migratory species in one habitat may affect their survival in the next habitat, in what is known as carryover effects. These effects are especially relevant for understanding how freshwater experience affects survival in anadromous fishes. Here, we study the carryover effects of juvenile salmon passage through a hydropower system (Snake and Columbia rivers, northwestern United States). To reduce the direct effect of hydrosystem passage on juveniles, some fishes are transported through the hydrosystem in barges, while the others are allowed to migrate in-river...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Cecilia Passadore, Luciana Möller, Fernando Diaz-Aguirre, Guido J Parra
Information on site fidelity and ranging patterns of wild animals is critical to understand how they use their environment and guide conservation and management strategies. Delphinids show a wide variety of site fidelity and ranging patterns. Between September 2013 and October 2015, we used boat-based surveys, photographic identification, biopsy sampling, clustering analysis, and geographic information systems to determine the site-fidelity patterns and representative ranges of southern Australian bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops cf...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Celimarcos Bezerra Dos Santos, Maria Aparecida Macêdo Silva, Marcelo F Landim de Souza, Daniela Mariano Lopes da Silva
Nitrogen enters estuaries mostly through fluvial discharge and tide, although anthropogenic sources are known to influence the amount of this element in these aquatic ecosystems. Thus, the objective of this work was to verify which river (Cachoeira, Fundão, and/or Santana) exerts greater influence on the distribution of dissolved N forms (Dissolved Organic Nitrogen and Dissolved Inorganic Nitrogen = NH3/NH4+, NO2-, and NO3-) along a tropical urbanized estuarine system in northeastern Brazil. The studies estuarine system lies with in urban municipality, and the upper portion of the Cachoeira river estuary receives the treated effluent from this municipality through a sewage treatment station and untreated effluents from nearby villages...
January 8, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Qiang He, Li Kang, Xingfu Sun, Ruxue Jia, Ying Zhang, Jiangsen Ma, Hong Li, Hainan Ai
Microcystins (MCs) pose potential threat for both aquatic organisms and humans, whereas their occurrence in response to hydrodynamic alterations are not clearly understood. Here, spatiotemporal variations of dissolved MC-RR and MC-LR were evaluated monthly in 2016 in the Yulin River, a tributary of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR). The environmental factors that linked to MCs concentration were discussed. The results revealed that MC-RR maximumly reached 3.55 μg/L, and the maximum MC-LR concentration exceeded the threshold value of 1...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Nguyen Thanh-Nho, Emilie Strady, Tran-Thi Nhu-Trang, Frank David, Cyril Marchand
Mangroves can be considered as biogeochemical reactors along (sub)tropical coastlines, acting both as sinks or sources for trace metals depending on environmental factors. In this study, we characterized the role of a mangrove estuary, developing downstream a densely populated megacity (Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam), on the fate and partitioning of trace metals. Surface water and suspended particulate matter were collected at four sites along the estuarine salinity gradient during 24 h cycling in dry and rainy seasons...
December 30, 2017: Chemosphere
Bagher Mojazi Amiri, Elvis Genbo Xu, Allison Kupsco, Marissa Giroux, Mahbubeh Hoseinzadeh, Daniel Schlenk
As a part of their unique life cycle, most salmonids undergo a transition from fresh water to salt water requiring various adjustments in metabolism, osmoregulation and ion regulation. Exposure to pesticides may affect the acclimation of juvenile salmonids to salt water during downstream migration to estuaries. Using the Caspian Sea as a model waterbody, the present study aimed to determine how the toxicity of the organophosphate pesticide chlorpyrifos (CPF) impacts saline acclimation of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)...
December 28, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
Seung Seob Bae, Jaejoon Jung, Dawoon Chung, Kyunghwa Baek
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, motile, flagellated rod-shaped bacterium, designated ST58-10T, was isolated from an estuarine sediment in the Republic of Korea. The strain was able to degrade benzene. Growth of strain ST58-10T was observed at 4-35 °C (optimum, 20-25 °C), pH 5-9 (optimum, pH 7-8) and 1-8 % NaCl (optimum, 3 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain ST58-10T formed a phyletic lineage within the genus Marinobacterium of the family Oceanospirillaceae...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Santosh Kumar Sarkar, Priyanka Mondal, Jayanta Kumar Biswas, Eilhann E Kwon, Yong Sik Ok, Jörg Rinklebe
Unfortunately, in the original publication of the article, Prof. Yong Sik Ok's affiliation was incorrectly published. The author's affiliation is as follows.
January 4, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Pamela Y Quintas, Ana L Oliva, Mónica B Alvarez, Andres H Arias, Claudia E Domini, Mariano Garrido, Jorge E Marcovecchio
The goal of this study was to improve an already established reference method, such as the one devoted to organotin compounds determination (Reference Method for Marine Pollution Studies, No. 59, UNEP). The proposed upgrade consists of replacing the mechanical shaking by ultrasound energy and applying low temperature throughout the whole procedure. The optimization of the new operational conditions was performed by using a factorial design. Quality control was performed using a certified sediment reference material (PACS-2) for sediments (82...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Wei Wu, Patrick Biber, Matthew Bethel
Feedbacks among inundation, sediment trapping, and vegetation productivity help maintain coastal wetlands facing sea-level rise (SLR). However, when the SLR rate exceeds a threshold, coastal wetlands can collapse. Understanding the threshold helps address key challenges in ecology-nonlinear response of ecosystems to environmental change, promotes communication between ecologists and resource managers, and facilitates decision-making in climate change policies. We studied the threshold of SLR rate and developed a new threshold of SLR acceleration rate on sustainability of coastal wetlands as SLR is likely to accelerate due to enhanced anthropogenic forces...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Matthew D Taylor, Dylan E van der Meulen, Stephanie Brodie, Gwenaël Cadiou, Nathan A Knott
Contamination in urbanised estuaries presents a risk to human health, and to the viability of populations of exploited species. Assessing animal movements in relation to contaminated areas may help to explain patterns in bioaccumulation, and assist in the effective management of health risks associated with consumption of exploited species. Using polychlorinated dibenzodioxin and polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDD/Fs) contamination in Sydney Harbour estuary as a case study, we present a study that links movement patterns resolved using acoustic telemetry to the accumulation of contaminants in mobile fish on a multi-species basis...
December 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Elsa Teresa Rodrigues, Maria Fátima Alpendurada, Fernando Ramos, Miguel Ângelo Pardal
The present study aims to contribute to a better assessment of pesticide environmental and human health (here evaluated in the context of human exposure via food items) risks for the estuarine system by comprehensively studying the spatial and temporal occurrence of the pesticides atrazine, azoxystrobin, bentazon, λ-cyhalothrin, penoxsulam and terbuthylazine in the River Mondego estuary (Portugal). Pesticide quantification was performed in surface water, sediment, macroalgae (Ulva spp., Gracilaria gracilis, Fucus vesiculosus), aquatic plants (Zostera noltii, Spartina maritime, Scirpus maritimus) and bivalves (Scrobicularia plana)...
December 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Shanshan Wang, Guijian Liu, Zijiao Yuan, Chunnian Da
A total of 21 surface sediments from the Yellow River Estuary (YRE) and a sediment core from the abandoned Old Yellow River Estuary (OYRE) were analyzed for n-alkanes using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). n-Alkanes in the range C12-C33 and C13-C34 were identified in the surface sediments and the core, respectively. The homologous series were mainly bimodal distribution pattern without odd/even predominance in the YRE and OYRE. The total n-alkanes concentrations in the surface sediments ranged from 0...
December 22, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
L R D Human, M L Magoro, T Dalu, R Perissinotto, A K Whitfield, J B Adams, S H P Deyzel, G M Rishworth
Naturally-occurring pristine estuarine ecosystems are rare in modern environments due to anthropogenic encroachment. There are more than 100 outlets around the South African coast arising from streams flowing from small catchments close to the sea. Eight near natural systems were sampled seasonally over the period of a year to acquire baseline information on water quality and chlorophyll a status across a variety of algal guilds (benthic microalgae, phytoplankton and macroalgal cover). Albeit on a much smaller-scale, these systems represent natural surrogates of larger temporarily open/closed estuaries (TOCEs)...
December 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Roxanny Helen de Arruda-Santos, Carlos Augusto França Schettini, Gilvan Takeshi Yogui, Daniele Claudino Maciel, Eliete Zanardi-Lamardo
Goiana estuary is a well preserved marine protected area (MPA) located on the northeastern coast of Brazil. Despite its current state, human activities in the watershed represent a potential threat to long term local preservation. Dissolved/dispersed aromatic hydrocarbons and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated in water and sediments across the estuarine salt gradient. Concentration of aromatic hydrocarbons was low in all samples. According to results, aromatic hydrocarbons are associated to suspended particulate matter (SPM) carried to the estuary by river waters...
December 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Zengqiang Zhang, Jim J Wang, Amjad Ali, R D DeLaune
In this study, one of the largest estuaries in the Gulf Coast of USA was investigated for Cu forms and fractionations. Both the water and sediment samples in subsegments of the Lake Pontchartrain basin were collected and Cu forms in dissolved phase and sediment phase were analyzed. The BCR sequential extraction procedure was used to extract Cu in exchangeable, reducible, oxidizable and residual fractions in sediments. The results showed that the residual fraction of Cu was a major contributor in Tangipahoa River and I-10 Bridge sediments, while the residual and oxidizable fractions in the case of oil refinery sediments...
December 20, 2017: Chemosphere
Clive L F Lau, David K Jacobs
We investigate hybridization and introgression between ecologically distinct sister species of silverside fish in the Gulf of California through combined analysis of morphological, sequence, and genotypic data. Water diversions in the past century turned the Colorado River Delta from a normal estuary to a hypersaline inverse estuary, raising concerns for the local fauna, much of which is endangered. Salinity differences are known to generate ecological species pairs and we anticipated that loss of the fresher-water historic salinity regime could alter the adaptive factors maintaining distinction between the broadly distributed Gulf-endemic Colpichthys regis and the narrowly restricted Delta-endemic Colpichthys hubbsi, the species that experienced dramatic environmental change...
2017: PeerJ
A Nouhi, H Hajjoul, R Redon, J P Gagné, S Mounier
Time-resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy (TRLFS) has proved its usefulness in the fields of biophysics, life science and geochemistry to characterize the fluorescence probe molecule with its chemical environment. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the applicability of this powerful technique combined with Steady-State (S-S) measurements. A multi-mode factor analysis, in particular CP/PARAFAC, was used to analyze the interaction between Europium (Eu) and Humic substances (HSs) extracted from Saint Lawrence Estuary in Canada...
December 8, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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