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Paul A Anderson, Russell B Poe, Laura A Thompson, Nansen Weber, Tracy A Romano
Some Arctic estuaries serve as substrate rubbing sites for beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in the summer, representing a specialized resource for the species. Understanding how environmental variation affects the species' behavior is essential to management of these habitats in coming years as the climate changes. Spatiotemporal and environmental variables were recorded for behavioral observations, during which focal groups of whales in an estuary were video-recorded for enumeration and behavioral analysis...
September 16, 2017: Behavioural Processes
Qiang Wang, Haoliang Lu, Jingyan Chen, Hualong Hong, Jingchun Liu, Junwei Li, Chongling Yan
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi produce a recalcitrant glycoprotein, (glomalin-related soil protein (GRSP)), which can contribute to soil carbon sequestration. Here we made a first study to characterize the spatial distribution of GRSP fractions in a mangrove forest at Zhangjiang Estuary, Southeastern China and to explore potential contributions of GRSP to sediment organic carbon (SOC) in this forest. We identified GRSP fractions in surface sediments, as well as those at a depth of 50 cm. The contents of easily extractable GRSP (EE-GRSP), total GRSP (T-GRSP), GRSP in particulate organic matter (POM-GRSP) and GRSP in pore water (PW-GRSP) ranged between 1...
September 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Sooyeon Park, Ji-Min Park, Jung-Hoon Yoon
A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, aerobic and rod-shaped or ovoid bacterial strain, designated KEM-106T, was isolated from water of an estuary environment on the Yellow Sea, South Korea, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic study. Strain KEM-106T grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 7.0-8.0 and in the presence of 1.0-2.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain KEM-106T belonged to the genus Algoriphagus, clustering with the type strains of Algoriphagus litorisediminis and Algoriphagus aquaemixtae...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Zhong-Ke Jiang, Zhen Pan, Fei-Na Li, Xiao-Jun Li, Shao-Wei Liu, Li Tuo, Ming-Guo Jiang, Cheng-Hang Sun
A novel endophytic actinobacterium, designated strain 8BXZ-J1T, was isolated from surface-sterilized branches of Thespesia populnea collected from Beilun Estuary Mangrove Forest National Nature Reserve in Guangxi, China, and examined by a polyphasic approach to determine its taxonomic position. Cells of the isolate were Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile and short rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences suggested that strain 8BXZ-J1T belonged to the genus Marmoricola, sharing highest similarity with Marmoricola solisilvae DSM 27140T (96...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Jun H Lee, Han J Woo, Kap S Jeong, Jeong W Kang, Jae U Choi, Eun J Jeong, Kap S Park, Dong H Lee
Our research team investigated the elemental composition and the presence of various toxic organic compounds, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), in estuary surface sediments to trace the spatial distribution of the sources of pollution deposited in Nakdong River, Busan, South Korea. The spatial patterns of elemental composition and toxic organic compounds were determined from the measurements of total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen, total sulfur, PAHs, and PCBs...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
Yuan Liu, Guijian Liu, Zijiao Yuan, Houqi Liu, Paul K S Lam
The Yellow River Estuary is a significant fishery, but at present there are few studies about the concentrations of arsenic (As), mercury (Hg) and vanadium (V) in fish from this area, which might cause potential health risk to fish consumers. The aim of this study was to research on the accumulation and potential sources of heavy metals in the fish of the Yellow River Estuary. Arsenic, Hg, V and stable isotope ratios (δ(15)N and δ(13)C) in 11 species of 129 fish were analyzed. Results showed that the concentrations of As and Hg were all lower than the guideline levels established by international organizations and legal limits by several countries...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Jia Yan, Yong Xu, Jixing Sui, Xinzheng Li, Hongfa Wang, Baolin Zhang
Using data from four periods from 1959 to 2015, we report the long-term variation of the macrobenthic community in the Yangtze River estuary and its adjacent area. In total, 624 species were collected, and Polychaeta was the dominant group. Significant differences between the four periods were found. The CCA (canonical correspondence analysis) and RDA (redundancy analysis) results revealed that temperature, salinity, and depth significantly influenced the macrobenthic communities (89.6% of the species-environment relationship variance was explained by the first two axes of CCA and 94...
September 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Nicolas Briant, Nicolas Savoye, Tiphaine Chouvelon, Valérie David, Samuel Rodriguez, Karine Charlier, Jeroen E Sonke, Jean François Chiffoleau, Christophe Brach-Papa, Joël Knoery
Primary consumers play a key role in coastal ecosystems by transferring organic matter from primary producers to predators. Among them, suspension-feeders, like bivalve molluscs are widely used in trophic web studies. The main goal of this study was to investigate variations of C and N elemental and isotopic ratios in common bivalves (M. edulis, M. galloprovincialis, and C. gigas) at large spatial (i.e. among three coastal regions) and different temporal (i.e. from seasonal to multi-decadal) scales in France, in order to identify potential general or specific patterns and speculate on their drivers...
September 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Gillian McEneff, Brian Quinn, Matthew Bennion, Sorcha Dolan, Kathleen O'Rourke, Liam Morrison
The potential for metals to bioaccumulate in aquatic species, such as fish, via trophic level transfer was investigated. An in vivo experiment was set up in a flow-through system in which juvenile rainbow trout were fed blue mussels collected from a Class A pristine site and an effluent-impacted river estuary, over a period of 28 days. Selected elements (As, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Fe, Pb, Mn, Mo, Ni, Se, Sn, V, Zn) were determined in the mussels and fish tissues (muscle and skin) collected at 0, 14 and 28 days. This study reveals the occurrence of metals in mussels sampled in the Irish marine environment and highlights the bioaccumulation potential of metals in fish tissues via trophic transfer...
August 29, 2017: Chemosphere
Jessica A Lisa, Amal Jayakumar, Bess B Ward, Bongkeun Song
Molecular analysis of dissimilatory nitrite reductase genes (nirS) was conducted using a customized microarray containing 165 nirS probes (archetypes) to identify members of sedimentary denitrifying communities. The goal of this study was to examine denitrifying community responses to changing environmental variables over spatial and temporal scales in the New River Estuary (NRE), NC, USA. Multivariate statistical analyses revealed three denitrifier assemblages and uncovered "generalist" and "specialist" archetypes based on the distribution of archetypes within these assemblages...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Microbiology Reports
S H Eldøy, J G Davidsen, E B Thorstad, F G Whoriskey, K Aarestrup, T F Naesje, L Rønning, A D Sjursen, A H Rikardsen, J V Arnekleiv
The vertical behaviour of 44 veteran sea trout Salmo trutta (275-580 mm) in different marine fjord habitats (estuary, pelagic, near shore with and without steep cliffs) was documented during May-February by acoustic telemetry. The swimming depth of S. trutta was influenced by habitat, time of day (day v. night), season, seawater temperature and the body length at the time of tagging. Mean swimming depth during May-September was 1·7 m (individual means ranged from 0·4 to 6·4 m). Hence, S. trutta were generally surface oriented, but performed dives down to 24 m...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
Stuart Oehrle, Marliette Rodriguez-Matos, Michael Cartamil, Cristian Zavala, Kathleen S Rein
A bloom of the cyanobacteria, Microcystis aeruginosa occurred in the St. Lucie Estuary during the summer of 2016, stimulated by the release of waters from Lake Okeechobee. This cyanobacterium produces the microcystins, a suite of heptapeptide hepatotoxins. The toxin composition of the bloom was analyzed and was compared to an archived bloom sample from 2005. Microcystin-LR was the most abundant toxin with lesser amounts of microcystin variants. Nodularin, cylindrospermopsin and anatoxin-a were not detected.
September 9, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Diego de Arruda Xavier, Carlos Augusto Schettini, Elvis Joacir França, Rubens César Figueira, Roberto Lima Barcellos
This study aims to infer the background values of several metals in the Capibaribe estuary and to identify the likely impact of anthropic activities during 200-years of sedimentation. Two cores were sampled, with subsamples at intervals of 2cm. Sedimentation rates and metal concentrations were analyzed. The Al-normalized method was used to infer the background values, and to identify anthropic influences, the enrichment factor, the contamination factor and the geoaccumulation index were employed. The background values showed concentrations for Mn of 292...
September 8, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
J L Rodríguez-Gil, N Cáceres, R Dafouz, Y Valcárcel
This study presents one of the most complete applications of probabilistic methodologies to the risk assessment of emerging contaminants. Perhaps the most data-rich of these compounds, caffeine, as well as its main metabolite (paraxanthine), were selected for this study. Information for a total of 29,132 individual caffeine and 7442 paraxanthine samples was compiled, including samples where the compounds were not detected. The inclusion of non-detect samples (as censored data) in the estimation of environmental exposure distributions (EEDs) allowed for a realistic characterization of the global presence of these compounds in aquatic systems...
September 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Matheus Barbosa Dos Santos, Ignácio Evaristo Monteiro Neto, Sarah Rachel Candido de Souza Melo, Enelise Marcelle Amado
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a ubiquitous metalloenzyme of great importance in several physiological processes. Due to its physiological importance and sensitivity to various pollutants, CA activity has been used as biomarker of aquatic contamination. Considering that in bivalves the sensitivity of CA to pollutants seems to be tissue-specific, we proposed here to analyze CA activity of hemolymph, gill and mantle of Crassostrea rhizophorae collected in two tropical Brazilian estuaries with different levels of anthropogenic impact, in dry and rainy season...
September 6, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
Géraldine Patey, Catherine M Couillard, Fabien Pierron, Magalie Baudrimont, Patrice Couture
Since the early 1980s, populations of American (Anguilla rostrata) and European eels (Anguilla anguilla) have suffered a sharp decline. The causes of their decline are likely multifactorial and include chemical pollution. A field study was conducted in eight sites varying in organic and metal contamination along the St. Lawrence (Eastern Canada) and Gironde (France) systems to investigate the relationships among contaminants, biological characteristics and biotransformation, antioxidant and histopathological biomarkers in eels from both species...
August 28, 2017: Chemosphere
Tyge D Hermansen, Todd E Minchinton, David J Ayre
Mangrove forests worldwide undergo anthropogenic fragmentation that may threaten their existence, and yet there have been few tests of the effects of fragmentation on demographic processes critical for mangrove regeneration. Predicting the effects of habitat fragmentation on mangroves is problematic as pollinators may move more freely across water than terrestrial habitat, and propagules can be widely dispersed by water. Here, within each of two estuaries, we compared pollinator diversity and activity, reproductive effort and output, and rates of recruitment for sets of three large (>1500 trees), medium (300-500) and small (<50) stands...
September 8, 2017: Oecologia
Cong Xu, Jingjie Zhang, Xiaowei Bi, Zheng Xu, Yiliang He, Karina Yew-Hoong Gin
An integrated 3D-hydrodynamic and emerging contaminant model was developed for better understanding of the fate and transport of emerging contaminants in Qingcaosha Reservoir. The reservoir, which supplies drinking water for nearly half of Shanghai's population, is located in Yangtze Delta. The integrated model was built by Delft3D suite, a fully integrated multidimensional modeling software. Atrazine and Bisphenol A (BPA) were selected as two representative emerging contaminants for the study in this reservoir...
August 23, 2017: Chemosphere
Terry F Bidleman, Eva Brorström-Lundén, Katarina Hansson, Hjalmar Laudon, Olle Nygren, Mats Tysklind
Bromoanisoles (BAs) arise from O-methylation of bromophenols, produced by marine algae and invertebrates. BAs undergo sea-air exchange and are transported over the oceans. Here we report 2,4-DiBA and 2,4,6-TriBA in air and deposition on the Swedish west coast (Råö) and the interior of arctic Finland (Pallas). Results are discussed in perspective with previous measurements in the northern Baltic region in 2011-2013. BAs in air decreased from south to north in the order Råö > northern Baltic > Pallas...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
William D McClelland, Ariel M Trachtenberg, Marc A Brennan, Kyle S MacLea
The aerobic phenol-degrading Gram-negative rod Oceanimonas baumannii ATCC 700832(T) was first isolated from estuary mud from the River Wear, United Kingdom, in 1983. Information on the draft genome sequence for O. baumannii ATCC 700832(T) is included in this announcement. The predicted genome size is 3,809,332 bp, with 55.88% G+C content.
September 7, 2017: Genome Announcements
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