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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227862/effects-of-high-frequency-rtms-on-sleep-deprivation-a-pilot-study
#1
D P Martinez-Cancino, J Azpiroz-Leehan, L Jimenez-Angeles, A Garcia-Quintanar, R Santana-Miranda, D P Martinez-Cancino, J Azpiroz-Leehan, L Jimenez-Angeles, A Garcia-Quintanar, R Santana-Miranda, A Garcia-Quintanar, L Jimenez-Angeles, R Santana-Miranda, J Azpiroz-Leehan, D P Martinez-Cancino
Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a neurostimulation technique which has the potential to serve as a unique research tool for investigating a wide variety of fields in cognitive neuroscience. TMS has been approved by the FDA to serve as a treatment to depression and has also been used to evaluate its effects among several conditions such as Alzheimer, Parkinson disease, chronic pain and stroke. High frequency TMS has been previously used with the intention to measure and modulate the negative effects of sleep deprivation in cognitive performance, but there is no consensus about the ideal protocol yet...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162415/-185-taking-a-systems-neuroscience-approach-to-persistent-postsurgical-pain-diagnosis-mechanisms-and-predictive-tools
#2
S Anwar, J Rahman, C Sharma, R Taylor, R Langford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148969/structural-connectivity-variances-underlie-functional-and-behavioral-changes-during-pain-relief-induced-by-neuromodulation
#3
Richard L Lin, Gwenaëlle Douaud, Nicola Filippini, Thomas W Okell, Charlotte J Stagg, Irene Tracey
An increased understanding of the relationship between structural connections and functional and behavioral outcomes is an essential but under-explored topic in neuroscience. During transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)-induced analgesia, neuromodulation occurs through a top-down process that depends on inter-regional connections. To investigate whether variation in anatomical connectivity explains functional and behavorial outcomes during neuromodulation, we first combined tDCS and a tonic pain model with concurrent arterial spin labelling that measures cerebral perfusion related to ongoing neural activity...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141634/neuroimaging-mechanisms-in-pain-from-discovery-to-translation
#4
Irene Tracey
For over twenty years neuroimaging has made a substantial impact on our understanding of human pain experiences within the experimental, acute and chronic setting. Functional activity that relates to the perceptual experience or its modulation, alongside structural, neurochemical and receptor changes, have given us remarkable insight to the extraordinary events that underpin human pain and its transition to or vulnerability towards chronic pain. These insights at a systems neuroscience level have largely focussed on the human brain and to a lesser extent the spinal cord; however, more recently preclinical neuroimaging using similar metrics is gathering pace...
January 30, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120046/music-and-mind-in-memoriam-professor-carlo-alberto-pagni-md-phd-february-13-1931-march-1-2009
#5
Klaus R H von Wild
Carlo Alberto Pagni, born in La Spezia, Italy, on February 13, 1931, was an eminent and respected professor of neurosurgery and chairman of the neurosurgical clinic of the University of Turin from 1980 to 2003. He died on March 1, 2009. As a professor of neurology and neurological surgery he was renowned as an expert on vascular, tumor, and functional neurosurgery. Beyond the Italian Neurosurgical Society, he was the doyen of functional neurosurgery, specializing in motor cortex stimulation for the treatment of focal dystonia, Parkinson's disease, and postictal spasticity and pain...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097246/three-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-preoperative-neuroscience-education-for-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-lumbar-radiculopathy
#6
Adriaan Louw, Ina Diener, Merrill R Landers, Kory Zimney, Emilio J Puentedura
BACKGROUND: Results from a previous multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) on preoperative pain neuroscience education (PNE) for lumbar radiculopathy found no significant difference in patient reported outcomes between groups. However, patients who received PNE viewed their surgical experience more favorably and utilized significantly less healthcare compared to those that did not. The purpose is to determine if the reduction in healthcare costs from 1-year would be continued at 3-year following surgery, and to explore differences (if any) in patient reported outcomes...
December 2016: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009822/pain-neuroscience-education-state-of-the-art-and-application-in-pediatrics
#7
REVIEW
Hannah Robins, Victoria Perron, Lauren C Heathcote, Laura E Simons
Chronic pain is a widespread problem in the field of pediatrics. Many interventions to ameliorate pain-related dysfunction have a biobehavioral focus. As treatments for chronic pain (e.g., increased movement) often stand in stark contrast to treatments for an acute injury (e.g., rest), providing a solid rationale for treatment is necessary to gain patient and parent buy-in. Most pain treatment interventions incorporate psychoeducation, or pain neuroscience education (PNE), as an essential component, and in some cases, as a stand-alone approach...
December 21, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976933/treatment-of-pain-following-cancer-applying-neuro-immunology-in-rehabilitation-practice
#8
Jo Nijs, Laurence Leysen, Roselien Pas, Nele Adriaenssens, Mira Meeus, Wouter Hoelen, Kelly Ickmans, Niamh Moloney
AIM: Pain is the second most frequent persistent symptom following cancer treatment. This article aims at explaining how the implementation of contemporary pain neuroscience can benefit rehabilitation for adults following cancer treatment within an evidence-based perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Narrative review. RESULTS: First, pain education is an effective but underused strategy for treating cancer related pain. Second, our neuro-immunological understanding of how stress can influence pain highlights the importance of integrating stress management into the rehabilitation approach for patients having cancer-related pain...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973611/publication-trends-in-acupuncture-research-a-20-year-bibliometric-analysis-based-on-pubmed
#9
Yan Ma, Ming Dong, Kehua Zhou, Carol Mita, Jianping Liu, Peter M Wayne
OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture has become popular and widely practiced in many countries around the world. Despite the large amount of acupuncture-related literature that has been published, broader trends in the prevalence and scope of acupuncture research remain underexplored. The current study quantitatively analyzes trends in acupuncture research publications in the past 20 years. METHODS: A bibliometric approach was used to search PubMed for all acupuncture-related research articles including clinical and animal studies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903159/recognition-and-treatment-of-central-sensitization-in-chronic-pain-patients-not-limited-to-specialized-care
#10
Jo Nijs, Dorien Goubert, Kelly Ickmans
Modern pain neuroscience has substantially improved our understanding of the (development of) chronic musculoskeletal pain. The time has come for orthopaedic and sports physical therapists to implement modern pain neuroscience in specialized, but definitely also in primary, care settings, including the role of central sensitization (CS) in amplifying and explaining the presence of the pain experience. Central sensitization dominates the clinical picture in a subgroup of the musculoskeletal pain population, ranging from tennis elbow over shoulder pain to osteoarthritis and whiplash...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#11
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#12
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790160/the-neuropsychoanalytic-approach-using-neuroscience-as-the-basic-science-of-psychoanalysis
#13
Brian Johnson, Daniela Flores Mosri
Neuroscience was the basic science behind Freud's psychoanalytic theory and technique. He worked as a neurologist for 20 years before being aware that a new approach to understand complex diseases, namely the hysterias, was needed. Solms coined the term neuropsychoanalysis to affirm that neuroscience still belongs in psychoanalysis. The neuropsychoanalytic field has continued Freud's original ideas as stated in 1895. Developments in psychoanalysis that have been created or revised by the neuropsychoanalysis movement include pain/relatedness/opioids, drive, structural model, dreams, cathexis, and dynamic unconscious...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720917/tetrahydrocannabinol-does-not-reduce-pain-in-patients-with-chronic-abdominal-pain-in-a-phase-2-placebo-controlled-study
#14
Marjan de Vries, Dagmar C M van Rijckevorsel, Kris C P Vissers, Oliver H G Wilder-Smith, Harry van Goor
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Delta-9-atetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most abundant cannabinoid from the plant Cannabis sativa. There is only equivocal evidence that THC has analgesic effects. We performed a phase 2 controlled trial to evaluate the analgesic efficacy, pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of an oral tablet containing purified THC in patients with chronic abdominal pain. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with chronic abdominal pain for 3 months or more (numeric rating scale scores of 3 or more) after surgery or because of chronic pancreatitis were randomly assigned to groups given the THC tablet or identical matching placebos for 50-52 days...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719874/nature-of-the-placebo-and-nocebo-effect-in-relation-to-functional-neurologic-disorders
#15
E Carlino, A Piedimonte, F Benedetti
Placebos have long been considered a nuisance in clinical research, for they have always been used as comparators for the validation of new treatments. By contrast, today they represent an active field of research, and, due to the involvement of many mechanisms, the study of the placebo effect can actually be viewed as a melting pot of concepts and ideas for neuroscience. There is not a single placebo effect, but many, with different mechanisms across different medical conditions and therapeutic interventions...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696337/the-psycho-neurology-of-cross-species-affective-social-neuroscience-understanding-animal-affective-states-as-a-guide-to-development-of-novel-psychiatric-treatments
#16
Jaak Panksepp
During the past half century of research with preclinical animal models, affective neuroscience has helped identify and illuminate the functional neuroanatomies and neurochemistries of seven primary process, i.e., genetically provided emotional systems of mammalian brains. All are subcortically localized, allowing animal models to guide the needed behavioral and neuroscientific analyses at levels of detail that cannot be achieved through human research, including modern brain imaging. They consist of the following neuronal processes: SEEKING/Enthusiasm, RAGE/Anger, FEAR/Anxiety, sexual LUST/Passion, maternal CARE/Nurturance, separation-distress PANIC/Grief and PLAY/Social Joy...
October 2, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676667/subtle-sensory-abnormalities-detected-by-quantitative-sensory-testing-in-patients-with-trigeminal-neuralgia
#17
Herta Flor, Dirk Rasche, Ariyan Pirayesh Islamian, Claudia Rolko, Pinar Yilmaz, Marc Ruppolt, H Holger Capelle, Volker Tronnier, Joachim K Krauss
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is characterized by paroxysmal pain attacks affecting the somatosensory distributions of the trigeminal nerve. It is thought to be associated with a neurovascular conflict most frequently, but pathomechanisms have not been fully elucidated. In general, no sensory deficit is found in routine clinical examination. There is limited data available, however, showing subtle subclinical sensory deficits upon extensive testing. OBJECTIVE: We used quantitative sensory testing (QST) to detect abnormalities in sensory processing in patients with TN by comparing the affected and non-affected nerve branches with their contralateral counterparts and by comparing the results of the patients with those of controls...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498037/animal-models-of-resistance-exercise-and-their-application-to-neuroscience-research
#18
REVIEW
Justin C Strickland, Mark A Smith
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have demonstrated that participation in regular resistance exercise (e.g., strength training) is associated with improvements in mental health, memory, and cognition. However, less is known about the neurobiological mechanisms mediating these effects. The goal of this mini-review is to describe and evaluate the available animal models of resistance exercise that may prove useful for examining CNS activity. NEW METHOD: Various models have been developed to examine resistance exercise in laboratory animals...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485952/consensus-paper-cerebellum-and-emotion
#19
M Adamaszek, F D'Agata, R Ferrucci, C Habas, S Keulen, K C Kirkby, M Leggio, P Mariën, M Molinari, E Moulton, L Orsi, F Van Overwalle, C Papadelis, A Priori, B Sacchetti, D J Schutter, C Styliadis, J Verhoeven
Over the past three decades, insights into the role of the cerebellum in emotional processing have substantially increased. Indeed, methodological refinements in cerebellar lesion studies and major technological advancements in the field of neuroscience are in particular responsible to an exponential growth of knowledge on the topic. It is timely to review the available data and to critically evaluate the current status of the role of the cerebellum in emotion and related domains. The main aim of this article is to present an overview of current facts and ongoing debates relating to clinical, neuroimaging, and neurophysiological findings on the role of the cerebellum in key aspects of emotion...
August 2, 2016: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468610/-effect-of-instrumental-surgical-fusion-on-the-quality-of-life-in-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#20
Enikő Sáró, Ferenc Misik, Péter Banczerowski
OBJECTIVE: There is no internationally accepted guideline for treatment of spondylolisthesis in the literature, otherwise this degenerative disease has great social and economical impact. There is no hungarian study examining the efficacy of instrumented fusion procedure in surgical treatment of spondylolisthesis. In current study we examined the effectiveness of fusion technique focusing on the impact of quality of life. METHODS: Between 1st January, 2011 and 30th June, 2012 we examined a group of patients--who were operated on by instrumented fusion technique because of spondylolisthesis--, in the National Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, using the Oswestry Low Back Disability Questionnaire...
March 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
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