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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037027/refining-prognostic-stratification-of-human-papillomavirus-related-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-different-prognosis-between-t1-and-t2
#1
Sumin Lee, Sang-Wook Lee, Sunmin Park, Sang Min Yoon, Jin-Hong Park, Si Yeol Song, Seung Do Ahn, Jong Hoon Kim, Eun Kyung Choi, Su Ssan Kim, Jinhong Jung, Young Seok Kim
PURPOSE: To validate the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer/Union for International Cancer Control (AJCC/UICC) TNM staging system for human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and investigate whether a modified classification better reflects the prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of patients diagnosed with non-metastatic HPV-related OPSCC between 2010 and 2016 at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037024/treatment-outcome-and-risk-analysis-for-cataract-after-radiotherapy-of-localized-ocular-adnexal-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-malt-lymphoma
#2
Hee Hyun Park, Sea-Won Lee, Soo Yoon Sung, Byung Ock Choi
PURPOSE: We retrospectively reviewed the results of radiotherapy for localized ocular adnexal MALT lymphoma (OAML) to investigate the risk factors of cataract. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with stage IE OAML treated with radiotherapy at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital from 2001 to 2016 were included. Median treatment dose was 30 Gy. Lens protection was done in 52 (76%) patients. Radiation therapy (RT) extent was as follows: superficial (82.1%), tumor mass (4.5%), and entire orbital socket (13...
September 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037019/effect-of-leukocyte-alteration-on-treatment-outcomes-following-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer
#3
Tae Gyu Kim, Won Park, Doo Ho Choi, Hee Chul Park, Seok-Hyung Kim, Yong Beom Cho, Seong Hyen Yun, Hee Cheol Kim, Woo Yong Lee, Jeeyun Lee, Joon Oh Park, Young Suk Park
PURPOSE: Hematotoxicity following anti-cancer treatment is known to be related to treatment efficacy in several malignancies. The purpose of this study was to examine the hematologic parameters related to the tumor response and survival in patients treated with curative surgery following preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred eighteen patients with rectal cancer who underwent preoperative CRT and curative surgery were analyzed, retrospectively...
September 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037018/role-of-fractionated-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-hemangioma-of-the-cavernous-sinus
#4
Sunmin Park, Sang Min Yoon, Sumin Lee, Jin-Hong Park, Si Yeol Song, Sang-Wook Lee, Seung Do Ahn, Jong Hoon Kim, Eun Kyung Choi
PURPOSE: We performed this retrospective study to investigate the outcomes of patients with hemangioma of the cavernous sinus after fractionated radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 10 patients with hemangioma of the cavernous sinus who were treated with conventional radiotherapy between January 2000 and December 2016. The median patient age was 54 years (range, 31-65 years), and 8 patients (80.0%) were female. The mean hemangioma volume was 34.1 cm(3) (range, 6...
September 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037012/medical-treatment-of-intracranial-atherosclerosis-an-update
#5
REVIEW
Jong S Kim, Oh Young Bang
For patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS), antithrombotic agents are the mainstay of therapy. Anticoagulation (warfarin) is not widely used since it is not more effective than aspirin and carries a high risk of bleeding. New oral anticoagulants are showing promise, but their use has not been investigated in appropriate clinical trials. Since the recurrent stroke risk is high with aspirin monotherapy, dual antiplatelets are considered in the early stage of symptomatic ICAS. Based on the Clopidogrel in High-Risk Patients with Acute Nondisabling Cerebrovascular Events (CHANCE) and Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent Stroke in Intracranial Stenosis (SAMMPRIS) results, aspirin plus clopidogrel has been recommended...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037011/visibility-of-ct-early-ischemic-change-is-significantly-associated-with-time-from-stroke-onset-to-baseline-scan-beyond-the-first-3-hours-of-stroke-onset
#6
Jian Gao, Mark W Parsons, Hiroyuki Kawano, Christopher R Levi, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Longting Lin, Andrew Bivard
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Non-contrast brain computed tomography (NCCT) remains the most common imaging modality employed to select patients for thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke. The current study used the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) to identify early ischemic changes on brain NCCT imaging with the aim to investigate whether a relationship exists between time from symptoms onset to NCCT with the presence of early ischaemic change quantified by ASPECTS. METHODS: We studied 1,329 ischemic stroke patients who had NCCT within 8 hours of stroke onset...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036999/-the-contamination-and-dietary-exposure-analysis-for-seven-mycotoxins-in-the-fifth-chinese-total-diet-study
#7
N N Qiu, B Lyu, S Zhou, Y F Zhao, Y N Wu
Objective: To investigate the contamination levels and dietary intakes of seven mycotoxins in Chinese diets. Methods: In Chinese Total Diet Study, food aggregation was based on the food consumption of local residents, thus generating the sampling scheme. According to the sampling scheme, the food items were sampled at three survey points in each province and then mixed in the same proportion. The mixed dietary samples were prepared after being cooked and processed. The samples comprised of 13 categories of food: cereals, beans, potatoes, meat, eggs, aquatic products, milk, vegetables, fruits, saccharides, beverages and drinking water, alcohol, and condiments...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036996/-analysis-of-prevalence-and-related-factors-of-osteoporosis-in-retired-population-based-on-dongfeng-tongji-cohort
#8
H Yan, X Z Liu, Y Z Zhang, M A He, T C Wu
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and related factors of osteoporosis among retired population in Dongfeng-Tongji cohort. Methods: 27 009 retired participants were recruited from Dongfeng Motor Corporation in Hubei Province in 2008 and followed up from April to October in 2013. newly retired participants also were recruited. Data were collected by using questionnaire, physical examination, serum hepatase detection and bone densitometry. Totally, 30 916 participants were included for data analysis after excluding participants with severe bone metabolic diseases, taking hormone drugs, incomplete follow-up data and who were under 45 years old...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036995/-association-of-alcohol-use-and-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-male-population-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Y Z Zhang, Y Q Yu, Y Yuan, M A He, T C Wu
Objective: To investigate the association between alcohol use and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the middle-aged and elderly male population. Methods: All participants were from Dongfeng-Tongji cohort, 27 009 retired employees from Dongfeng Motor Corporation in Hubei Province were enrolled in the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort baseline survey in 2008. In baseline study, information of alcohol use and other covariates were collected by semi-structured questionnaire and all participants completed physical examination including the test of fasting glucose and blood lipid levels...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036989/-dissemination-of-insertion-sequence-common-regions-1-and-int1-gene-and-drug-resistance-of-483-escherichia-coli-and-klebsiella-pneumonia-broiler-isolates
#10
X Chen, J Che, X F Zhao, L F Zhang, J Li
Objective: To investigate and analyze distribution characteristics of two multidrug resistance related genes in broiler isolates in Shandong province. Methods: The pre slaughter broilers were chosen from Shandong province in this study in June, 2014. A total of 400 fecal samples from five different zones (east, south, west, north and middle) of the hen house were collected. 373(77.2%) Escherichia coli and 110 (22.8%) Klebsiella pneumonia strains were isolated, and ISCR1 and int1 gene were detected by PCR assay and sequencing...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036988/-characteristics-of-molecular-typing-and-drug-resistance-of-67-salmonella-paratyphi-a-isolated-in-zhengzhou-from-2013-to-2015
#11
J Y Zhao, S Y Zhang, B F Zhang, Y J Mu, J Su, X Y Huang, B L Xu
Objective: To investigate the antimicrobial resistance and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns of S.paratyphi A strains in Zhengzhou city isolated from sentinel hospitals in 2013-2015. Methods: According to Salmonella molecular typing and K-B drug susceptibility testing method published by international PulseNet bacterial infectious disease monitoring network and USA Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI2015), we analyzed drug sensitivity and PFGE molecular characteristics of 67 S.paratyphi A strains(11 strains in 2013, 7 strains in 2014, 49 strains in 2015) isolated from blood and stool samples in two sentinel hospitals of fever with rash syndrome surveillance system established in Zhengzhou city in 2013-2015...
October 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036980/-cd137-induces-vascular-muscle-cells-phenotype-transformation-through-activating-nuclear-factor-of-activated-t-cells-1-signaling
#12
W Zhong, B Li, J Liu, Y Xu, R Chen, C Shao, Z Q Wang, J C Yan
Objective: To investigate whether CD137 induces primary vascular muscle cells (VSMCs) phenotype transformation through activating nuclear factor of activated T-cells 1(NFATc1) signaling. Methods: VSMCs were obtained from aorta of C57BL/6J mice (8 weeks, male) through tissue-piece inoculating. Cells were divided into control group, CD137 agonist group (treated with CD137L recombinant protein) and anti-CD137 group (treated with anti-CD137 antibody). In si-RNA transfection assay, cells were divided into si-control group and si-NFATc1 group which were transfected with control or si-NFATc1 sequence respectively...
September 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036979/-role-of-ash2-absent-small-or-homeotic-like-and-jumonji-domain-containing-protein-3-on-histone-methylation-of-interferon-gamma-gene-and-their-associations-with-vascular-damage-of-kawasaki-disease
#13
J H Mei, G Tang, Q Wang, P Q Wen, M G Xu, D Cui, D L Ma, C Liu, G B Wang
Objective: To investigate the impacts of ash2 (absent, small, or homeotic)-like (Ash2L) and Jumonji domain-containing protein 3 (Jmjd3) on histone methylation of interferon-gamma(IFN-γ) gene and association with vascular damage of Kawasaki disease (KD) in acute phase. Methods: This study was performed among 36 children with KD in acute phase (KD group) and 28 age-matched health children (control group), who were treated or underwent physical examination in our hospital between February 2015 and June 2016. Patients were further divided into KD groups with or without coronary artery lesions (KD-CAL(+) , 16 cases; KD-CAL(-), 20 cases)...
September 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036978/-clinical-features-and-surgical-treatment-effect-of-patients-with-cardiac-cavernous-hemangioma
#14
Q L Yang, B Tang, X H Zhou, J P Wang, H Y Wang, S Y Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinical features and surgical treatment effect of patients with cardiac cavernous hemangioma. Methods: Clinical data of 9 patients (5 male, aged from 4 to 53 years old) with cardiac cavernous hemangioma, who underwent surgical treatment from November 2002 to March 2015 and the diagnosis of cardiac cavernous hemangioma was confirmed by postoperative histological examination, were retrospectively analyzed. Effects of surgical treatment were analyzed. Results: Four patients were asymptomatic (heart murmur presented in 3 patients during physical examination)...
September 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036977/-safety-and-feasibility-of-sheathless-transfemoral-aortic-valve-implantation
#15
H J Pei, S Y Teng, T Luo, Y J Wu, Y J Yang, S B Qiao, B Xu, R L Gao
Objective: To investigate the safety and feasibility of sheathless transfemoral aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Methods: In this prospective study, we enrolled 23 patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) who were inoperable or at high-risk for surgical aortic valve replacement operation in Fuwai hospital From September 2012 to June 2015. Multislice spiral CT and angiography of femoral artery showed that all patients had minimal femoral artery diameters (<6.5 mm) and severe calcification which was not suitable for transfemoral TAVR through sheath...
September 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036972/-analysis-of-influencing-factors-of-heart-rate-deceleration-capacity-in-patients-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#16
F Y Wang, C Zou, H K Dong, Y C Yang, M W Gao, R Zhao, J L Jin, X J Yang
Objective: To investigate the determinants affecting the heart rate deceleration capacity (DC) in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Methods: One hundred patients with DCM (DCM group) and 202 healthy subjects (control group) were respectively enrolled. Echocardiography and 24 hours electrocardiogram were performed in all subjects. DC value was compared between the two groups. Multiple regression analysis was made to evaluate the related determinants of DC ((age, sex, echocardiographic parameters including the left atrial diameter (LAD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF))...
September 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036956/-the-diagnostic-value-of-neuron-specific-enolase-central-nervous-system-specific-protein-and-interleukin-6-in-sepsis-associated-encephalopathy
#17
Q Feng, L Wu, Y H Ai, S Y Deng, M L Ai, L Huang, Z Y Liu, L N Zhang
Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of neuron-specific enolase(NSE), central nervous system specific protein(S100β), interleukin-6(IL-6) in sepsis-associated encephalopathy(SAE). Methods: Clinical data of patients admitted to ICU and diagnosed with sepsis were collected from January 2015 to June 2016 in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. SAE was defined as cerebral dysfunction in the presence of sepsis that also fulfilled the exclusion criteria. The acute physiology and chronic health score (APACHE Ⅱ), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), NSE, S100β, IL-6, ICU stay time and 28-day mortality were compared between the two groups...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036954/-relationship-between-highly-sensitive-cardiac-troponin-t-and-sepsis-and-outcome-in-critically-ill-patients
#18
T T Wang, L Jiang
Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of highly sensitive cardiac Troponin T (hs-cTn T) for sepsis in critically ill patients. Methods: Patients estimated to stay in the ICU of Fuxing Hospital for more than 24h were enrolled at from March 2014 to December 2014. Serum hs-cTn T was tested within two hours. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to determine the association of variables with the hs-cTn T. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk factors of 28-day mortality...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036952/-a-clinical-analysis-of-20-patients-with-neurobrucellosis
#19
Y Ge, H Z Guan, S Y Fan, R Zhu, X J Ma, T S Li
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of 20 patients with neurobrucellosis (NB) . Methods: The epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and treatment data of patients diagnosed with NB from 2010 to 2016 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Twelve (60%) patients reported the history of contact with infected animals and intake of raw milk product. The common manifestations included headache (85%, 17/20), fatigue (85%, 17/20), fever (80%, 16/20), weight loss (70%, 15/20), the signs included pathological reflection (70%, 15/20), decreased muscle strength(45%, 9/20)...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036926/evaluation-of-sensible-heat-flux-and-evapotranspiration-estimates-using-a-surface-layer-scintillometer-and-a-large-weighing-lysimeter
#20
Jerry E Moorhead, Gary W Marek, Paul D Colaizzi, Prasanna H Gowda, Steven R Evett, David K Brauer, Thomas H Marek, Dana O Porter
Accurate estimates of actual crop evapotranspiration (ET) are important for optimal irrigation water management, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. Common ET sensing methods include Bowen Ratio, Eddy Covariance (EC), and scintillometers. Large weighing lysimeters are considered the ultimate standard for measurement of ET, however, they are expensive to install and maintain. Although EC and scintillometers are less costly and relatively portable, EC has known energy balance closure discrepancies. Previous scintillometer studies used EC for ground-truthing, but no studies considered weighing lysimeters...
October 14, 2017: Sensors
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