Read by QxMD icon Read

"lymphocyte", "adiponectin"

Genoveva Keustermans, Laila B van der Heijden, Berlinda Boer, Rianne Scholman, Roos Nuboer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Berent Prakken, Wilco de Jager, Eric Kalkhoven, Arieke J Janse, Henk S Schipper
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevalence has increased worldwide and is an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The production of inflammatory adipokines by obese adipose tissue contributes to the development of T2D and CVD. While levels of circulating adipokines such as adiponectin and leptin have been established in obese children and adults, the expression of adiponectin and leptin receptors on circulating immune cells can modulate adipokine signalling, but has not been studied so far...
2017: PloS One
Brian J Miller, Peter F Buckley, Joseph P McEvoy
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia has been associated with aberrant blood levels of inflammatory markers. However, patients with comorbid illicit drug use have been inadequately studied with respect to immune function. Furthermore, associations between inflammatory markers, psychopathology, and cognition have been inconsistently considered. We investigated relationships between inflammatory markers, comorbid marijuana and cocaine use, and psychopathology and cognition in patients with schizophrenia...
August 24, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
Hui Cao, Lingling Tuo, Yali Tuo, Ziyun Xia, Rong Fu, Yang Liu, Yihong Quan, Jue Liu, Zhihong Yu, Ming Xiang
Dangguiliuhuang decoction (DGLHD) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, which mainly consists of angelica, radix rehmanniae, radix rehmanniae praeparata, scutellaria baicalensis, coptis chinensis, astragalus membranaceus, and golden cypress, and used for the treatment of diabetes and some autoimmune diseases. In this study, we explored the potential mechanism of DGLHD against insulin resistance and fatty liver in vivo and in vitro. Our data revealed that DGLHD normalized glucose and insulin level, increased the expression of adiponectin, diminished fat accumulation and lipogenesis, and promoted glucose uptake...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Sreedevi Danturti, Karen S Keslar, Leah R Steinhoff, Ran Fan, Nina Dvorina, Anna Valujskikh, Robert L Fairchild, William M Baldwin
Adiponectin is a pleiotropic cytokine with diverse immunomodulatory effects on macrophages and lymphocytes. In the current paradigm, lymphocytes and macrophages respond to adiponectin that is produced by adipocytes and other parenchymal cells. Using a model of chronic arterial inflammation in cardiac transplants, we found that T cells derived from the recipient migrate to the heart and produce adiponectin locally. The evidence that T cells produce significant amounts of adiponectin is based on 3 experimental approaches...
June 15, 2017: JCI Insight
Y Xiao, T Deng, Z Shang, D Wang
Adiponectin is a multifunctional adipokine that has several oligomeric forms in the blood stream, which broadly regulates innate and acquired immunity. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to observe the differentiation of T helper (Th) cells and expression of costimulatory signaling molecules affected by adiponectin. The mRNA and protein expression levels of adiponectin and its receptors in oxidized low density lipoprotein cholesterol-treated endothelial cells were assayed by real time PCR and immunofluorescence...
May 15, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Bonita H R Apta, Myriam Chimen, Helen M Mcgettrick
Lymphocyte recruitment in inflammation can be influenced by many molecules including cytokines, chemokines, and adipokines. In our lab, we have examined the effects of the adipokines leptin and adiponectin on lymphocyte migration, and observed modulation of this process. Lymphocyte behavior can be assessed in the lab under static conditions, or can be studied under flow, simulating in vivo conditions. In this chapter, in vitro methods for analyzing adhesion and migration of lymphocytes isolated from blood are described in detail...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Xiaowen Liu, Nikolaos Perakakis, Huizhi Gong, John P Chamberland, Mary T Brinkoetter, Ole-Petter R Hamnvik, Christos S Mantzoros
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation leading to insulin resistance and diabetes. Adiponectin is an adipokine that regulates inflammatory responses. The aim of our study was to investigate whether any effects of adiponectin against obesity and insulin-resistance may depend on the adaptive immune system. METHODS: We treated high-fat-diet fed Rag1-/- mice lacking mature lymphocytes with adiponectin over 7weeks and investigated alterations in their metabolic outcome and inflammatory state...
December 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Ahmad Al-Attar, Steven R Presnell, Charlotte A Peterson, D Travis Thomas, Charles T Lutz
We describe a cohort of 50 elderly subjects, age at least 70 years. We present gender-specific findings in T lymphocyte markers and soluble immune mediators. We show the correlation between cytomegalovirus infection status with CD56(dim) NK cell responses to a variety of stimuli and with CD56(bright)/CD56(dim) NK cell ratio. We also present the correlation of retinol binding protein (RBP)-4 plasma levels with NK cell responses and we explore the relationship between gender and adiponectin, 25(OH)D (vitamin D), and RBP4 in affecting CD56(dim) NK cell responses...
September 2016: Data in Brief
Thomas H Hauser, Ninad Salastekar, Ernst J Schaefer, Tanvi Desai, Harvey L Goldfine, Kristen M Fowler, Griffin M Weber, Francine Welty, Melvin Clouse, Steven E Shoelson, Allison B Goldfine
IMPORTANCE: Inflammation may contribute to pathological associations among obesity, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether targeting inflammation using salsalate compared with placebo reduces progression of noncalcified coronary artery plaque. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In the Targeting Inflammation Using Salsalate in Cardiovascular Disease (TINSAL-CVD) trial participants were randomly assigned between September 23, 2008, and July 5, 2012, to 30 months of salsalate or placebo in addition to standard, guideline-based therapies...
July 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Dona L Fleishaker, Arnab Mukherjee, Fredrick S Whaley, Shanthini Daniel, Bernhardt G Zeiher
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids (GCs), such as prednisone, are the standard of care for several inflammatory and immunologically mediated diseases, but their chronic systemic administration is severely limited by serious adverse effects that are both dose and time dependent. Short-term treatment (7-14 days) with oral prednisone is used for many acute inflammatory and allergic conditions. This study was conducted to characterize the safety and pharmacodynamic (PD) dose-response of a 7-day course of oral prednisone on biomarkers of GC receptor agonism...
July 16, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Betul Sereflican, Nadir Goksugur, Guler Bugdayci, Mualla Polat, Ali Haydar Parlak
Psoriasis is a chronic, autoimmune, and inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, characterized by T lymphocyte mediated keratinocyte proliferation. In recent years the relationship between psoriasis and adipose tissue cytokines has been reported. Psoriasis as a triggering factor for the immune and metabolic disorders can be associated with diabetes mellitus, abnormal lipid metabolism, and metabolic syndrome. In this study we assessed the adipose tissue cytokines visfatin, adiponectin, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels in psoriasis patients and evaluated the relationship between disease severity and cytokines...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Ahmad Al-Attar, Steven R Presnell, Charlotte A Peterson, D Travis Thomas, Charles T Lutz
Immune gender differences have been reported, but are little studied in elderly humans. We compared monocyte and lymphocyte subsets, along with soluble immune mediators in healthy men and women over the age of 70. We also measured natural killer (NK) lymphocyte cytotoxic granule exocytosis, chemokine synthesis, and cytokine synthesis in response to a variety of stimuli. Elderly women had significantly more circulating B cells than men, whereas men had more CD4 central memory T cells and higher monocyte levels...
June 2016: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
Yan Luo, Meilian Liu
Adiponectin acts as a key regulator of the innate immune system and plays a major role in the progression of inflammation and metabolic disorders. Macrophages and monocytes are representative components of the innate immune system, and their proliferation, plasticity, and polarization are a key component of metabolic adaption. Innate-like lymphocytes such as group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s), natural killer T (NKT) cells, and gamma delta T (γδ T) cells are also members of the innate immune system and play important roles in the development of obesity and its related diseases...
April 2016: Journal of Molecular Cell Biology
Hideaki Kato, Aya Ohata, Sei Samukawa, Atsuhisa Ueda, Yoshiaki Ishigatsubo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the adiponectin-encoding gene ADIPOQ and changes in serum lipid levels in HIV-1-infected patients after antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: ART-naïve HIV-1-infected patients were recruited to this prospective analysis. SNP +45 and SNP +276 genotype was determined by direct sequencing. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed to analyse the effects of genotype, and predisposing conditions on serum total cholesterol and triglyceride in the 4 months before and after ART initiation...
April 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
B E Martínez-Carrillo, R A Jarillo-Luna, R Campos-Rodríguez, R Valdés-Ramos, V Rivera-Aguilar
Although diet and exercise clearly have an influence on immune function, studies are scarce on the effect caused by exercise and the consumption of a carbohydrate-rich or fat-rich diet on the peripheral immune system. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of exercise and the two aforementioned unbalanced diets on young Balb/c mice, especially in relation to BMI, the level of glucose, and the percentage of lymphocyte subpopulations in peripheral blood. The changes found were then related to the synthesis of leptin and adiponectin as well as the production of oxidative stress...
2015: BioMed Research International
Ahmed Abdel-Razik, Nasser Mousa, Mahmoud Abdel-Aziz, Rania Elhelaly, Rasha Elzehery, Khaled Zalata, Wagdi Elkashef, Ossama Fouda, Mahmoud Awad, Mohamed Hafez, Waleed Eldars
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Elevated serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) is not uncommonly seen among patients with chronic hepatitis C. This study aimed to identify clinical characteristics, histological characteristics, and biochemical markers associated with increased serum AFP levels in hepatitis C virus genotype 4-infected patients with no evidence of hepatocellular carcinoma and to determine the effect of lifestyle modification on these parameters. METHODS: The study included 447 chronic hepatitis C patients with no evidence of hepatocellular carcinoma and 100 healthy controls...
March 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Alejandro Lamas, Elena Lopez, Roberto Carrio, Diana M Lopez
Cell-mediated immunity is an important defense mechanism against pathogens and developing tumor cells. The thymus is the main lymphoid organ involved in the formation of the cell-mediated immune response by the maturation and differentiation of lymphocytes that travel from the bone marrow, through the lymphatic ducts, to become T lymphocytes. Thymic involution has been associated with aging; however, other factors such as obesity, viral infection and tumor development have been shown to increase the rate of shrinkage of this organ...
January 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Renata Vargas, Elena Ryder, María Diez-Ewald, Jesús Mosquera, Anyelo Durán, Nereida Valero, Adriana Pedreañez, Caterina Peña, Erika Fernández
AIMS: Chronic inflammation in obesity is associated with co-morbidities such as, hyperglycemia, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Leukocytes play an important role in this inflammation and C-reactive protein (CRP) and Interleukin-2 (IL-2) can be important effectors during the immune response in obesity; however, the initial inflammatory events in obesity remain unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the circulating levels of CRP, IL-2, insulin and adiponectin, their association and the association with leukocyte count in obese individuals without co-morbidities and with or without insulin resistance (IR)...
January 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Katsuhiko Suzuki, Masaki Takahashi, Chia-Yang Li, Shiuan-Pey Lin, Miki Tomari, Cecilia M Shing, Shih-Hua Fang
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects, which may be beneficial to athletes performing high-intensity exercise. This study investigated the effects of carbohydrate and green tea coingestion on sprint cycling performance and associated oxidative stress and immunoendocrine responses to exercise. In a crossover design, 9 well-trained male cyclists completed 3 sets of 8 repetitions of 100-m uphill sprint cycling while ingesting green tea and carbohydrate (TEA) (22 mg/kg body mass catechins, 6 mg/kg body mass caffeine, 230 mg/kg glucose, and 110 mg/kg fructose) or carbohydrate only (CHO) (230 mg/kg body mass glucose and 110 mg/kg body mass fructose) during each 10-min recovery period between sets...
October 2015: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
Adriana Aparecida Siviero-Miachon, Angela Maria Spinola-Castro, Maria Lucia de Martino Lee, Carlos Manoel de Castro Monteiro, Antonio Carlos de Camargo Carvalho, Antonio Ramos Calixto, Bruno Geloneze, Gil Guerra-Junior
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between body composition, metabolic profile, adipokines, and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in young survivors of childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study compared 55 ALL survivors, of chronological age between 15 years and 24 years, assigned into two groups according to the exposure to cranial radiation therapy (CRT; 25 irradiated and 30 nonirradiated) with 24 leukemia-free controls, and assessed body fat mass (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), computed tomography scan-derived abdominal adipose tissue, lipid profile, blood pressure (BP), adipokines, and cIMT by a multiple regression analysis...
2015: Vascular Health and Risk Management
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"