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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524027/-effect-of-chest-physiotherapy-in-patients-undergoing-mechanical-ventilation-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Hui Zeng, Zhen Zhang, Yuan Gong, Miao Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of chest physiotherapy (CPT) on patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV). METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. Sixty-eight adult patients undergoing invasive MV over 48 hours admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College from December 2014 to October 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into CPT group (n = 37) and control group (n = 31) by random number table...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452882/field-and-en-route-reboa-a-feasible-military-reality
#2
Viktor A Reva, Tal Hörer, Andrey I Makhnovskiy, Mikhail V Sokhranov, Igor M Samokhvalov, Joseph J DuBose
BACKGROUND: Severe non-compressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) remains a leading cause of potentially preventable death in modern military conflicts. Resuscitative endovascular occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has demonstrated potential as an effective adjunct to the treatment of NCTH in the civilian early hospital and even pre-hospital settings - but the application of this technology for military pre-hospital use has not been well described. We aimed to assess the feasibility of both field and en route pre-hospital REBOA in the military exercise setting simulating a modern armed conflict...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369055/effectiveness-of-feedback-with-a-smartwatch-for-high-quality-chest-compressions-during-adult-cardiac-arrest-a-randomized-controlled-simulation-study
#3
Chiwon Ahn, Juncheol Lee, Jaehoon Oh, Yeongtak Song, Youngjoon Chee, Tae Ho Lim, Hyunggoo Kang, Hyungoo Shin
Previous studies have demonstrated the potential for using smartwatches with a built-in accelerometer as feedback devices for high-quality chest compression during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. However, to the best of our knowledge, no previous study has reported the effects of this feedback on chest compressions in action. A randomized, parallel controlled study of 40 senior medical students was conducted to examine the effect of chest compression feedback via a smartwatch during cardiopulmonary resuscitation of manikins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325015/estimating-apnea-hypopnea-index-only-from-an-accelerometer-signal-measured-on-the-chest
#4
Yasunobu Yamauchi, Sawa Fuke, Kanako Nakayama, Jun'ya Takakura, Hitoshi Usuniwa, Keiji Koike, Eriko Ouchi, Nagafumi Doi
Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is becoming a public concern in the field of preventive medicine because it causes more deleterious diseases. However, the majority of patients are not diagnosed and an easier-to-use, lower-cost device for screening of SAS is needed compared to the existing multimodal devices. In this study, we developed and tested a method to estimate the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), which is the measure of severity of SAS, only from an accelerometer signal measured on the chest. Simultaneous recordings of overnight sleep polysomnography and accelerometer signal were conducted for 50 participants...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268871/automatic-annotation-of-peaks-in-seismocardiogram-for-systolic-time-intervals
#5
Ghufran Shafiq, Sivanagaraja Tatinati, Kalyana C Veluvolu
Siemocardiography is a non-invasive technique for cardiomechanical assessment by analyzing the local vibrations on chest surface which can be readily acquired from cost-effective accelerometers. The peaks in siesmocardiogram (SCG) signal correspond to underlying mechanical events in heart cycle and have numerious potential clinical and health-awareness applications. However, utilization of SCG signal requires annotation of these peaks that is challenging due to variations in inter-subject morphology and noise prone characteristics of SCG signal...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268385/beat-to-beat-heart-rate-detection-by-smartphone-s-accelerometers-validation-with-ecg
#6
F Landreani, A Martin-Yebra, C Casellato, C Frigo, E Pavan, P-F Migeotte, E G Caiani
Mobile phones offer the possibility to monitor and track health parameters. Our aim was to test the feasibility and accuracy of measuring beat-to-beat heart rate using smartphone accelerometers by recording the vibrations generated by the heart during its function and transmitted to the chest wall, i.e. the so-called seismocardiographic signal (SCG). METHODS: 9 healthy male volunteers were studied in supine (SUP) and in standing (ST) posture. A smartphone (iPhone6, Apple) was positioned on the thorax (POS1) to acquire SCG signal...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227069/automatic-annotation-of-peaks-in-seismocardiogram-for-systolic-time-intervals
#7
Ghufran Shafiq, Sivanagaraja Tatinati, Kalyana C Veluvolu, Ghufran Shafiq, Sivanagaraja Tatinati, Kalyana C Veluvolu, Kalyana C Veluvolu, Sivanagaraja Tatinati, Ghufran Shafiq
Siemocardiography is a non-invasive technique for cardiomechanical assessment by analyzing the local vibrations on chest surface which can be readily acquired from cost-effective accelerometers. The peaks in siesmocardiogram (SCG) signal correspond to underlying mechanical events in heart cycle and have numerious potential clinical and health-awareness applications. However, utilization of SCG signal requires annotation of these peaks that is challenging due to variations in inter-subject morphology and noise prone characteristics of SCG signal...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226551/beat-to-beat-heart-rate-detection-by-smartphone-s-accelerometers-validation-with-ecg
#8
F Landreani, A Martin-Yebra, C Casellato, C Frigo, E Pavan, P-F Migeotte, E G Caiani, F Landreani, A Martin-Yebra, C Casellato, C Frigo, E Pavan, P-F Migeotte, E G Caiani, A Martin-Yebra, P-F Migeotte, Eg Caiani, F Landreani, C Casellato, C Frigo, E Pavan
Mobile phones offer the possibility to monitor and track health parameters. Our aim was to test the feasibility and accuracy of measuring beat-to-beat heart rate using smartphone accelerometers by recording the vibrations generated by the heart during its function and transmitted to the chest wall, i.e. the so-called seismocardiographic signal (SCG). METHODS: 9 healthy male volunteers were studied in supine (SUP) and in standing (ST) posture. A smartphone (iPhone6, Apple) was positioned on the thorax (POS1) to acquire SCG signal...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212691/efficacy-of-the-new-generation-of-devices-for-positional-therapy-for-patients-with-positional-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#9
Madeline J L Ravesloot, David White, Raphael Heinzer, Arie Oksenberg, Jean-Louis Pépin
STUDY OBJECTIVES: In approximately 56% to 75% of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the frequency and duration of apneas are influenced by body position. This is referred to as position-dependent OSA or POSA. Patients with POSA can be treated with a small device attached to either the neck or chest. These devices-a new generation of devices for positional therapy (PT)-provide a subtle vibrating stimulus that prevents patients adopting the supine position. The objectives of this study were to determine whether PT is effective in improving sleep study variables and sleepiness, and to assess compliance...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203436/chest-physiotherapy-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients-without-pneumonia-a-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Herbert D Spapen, Jouke De Regt, Patrick M Honoré
A beneficial adjuvant role of chest physiotherapy (CPT) to promote airway clearance, alveolar recruitment, and ventilation/perfusion matching in mechanically ventilated (MV) patients with pneumonia or relapsing lung atelectasis is commonly accepted. However, doubt prevails regarding the usefulness of applying routine CPT in MV subjects with no such lung diseases. In-depth narrative review based on a literature search for prospective randomized trials comparing CPT with a non-CPT strategy in adult patients ventilated for at least 48 h...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170449/a-systematic-review-of-surface-electromyography-analyses-of-the-bench-press-movement-task
#11
Petr Stastny, Artur Gołaś, Dusan Blazek, Adam Maszczyk, Michał Wilk, Przemysław Pietraszewski, Miroslav Petr, Petr Uhlir, Adam Zając
BACKGROUND: The bench press exercise (BP) plays an important role in recreational and professional training, in which muscle activity is an important multifactorial phenomenon. The objective of this paper is to systematically review electromyography (EMG) studies performed on the barbell BP exercise to answer the following research questions: Which muscles show the greatest activity during the flat BP? Which changes in muscle activity are related to specific conditions under which the BP movement is performed? STRATEGY: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library were searched through June 10, 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108790/-treatment-of-supine-position-related-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-smartphone-applications
#12
D Haas, R Birk, J T Maurer, K Hörmann, B A Stuck, J U Sommer
BACKGROUND: Positional obstructive sleep apnea (POSA) is common in mild and moderate forms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Two smartphone applications (apps) professing to avoid the supine position (SP) are available: for Android the "Apnea Sleep Position Trainer" and for iOS the "SomnoPose-Sleep Position Monitor". The smartphone needs to be attached to the chest to recognize SP, which then triggers a vibration alarm. This is intended to encourage the patient to change position and the vibration stops as soon as SP is left...
January 20, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660455/changes-in-oxidative-stress-from-tracheal-aspirates-sampled-during-chest-physical-therapy-in-hospitalized-intubated-infant-patients-with-pneumonia-and-secretion-retention
#13
Jirakrit Leelarungrayub, Thirasak Borisuthibandit, Araya Yankai, Kritsana Boontha
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to show the changes in oxidative stress and clinical condition from either chest physical therapy (CPT) or CPT with aerosol treatment in infant patients with pneumonia. METHODS: From 52 intubated patients, three groups were composed: groups A, B, and C comprising 21 patients aged 5.3±0.6 months (CPT program), 20 patients aged 5.6±0.7 months (aerosol treatment before CPT program), and eleven patients aged 5.0±0.35 months (control), respectively...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541330/quantifying-and-reducing-motion-artifacts-in-wearable-seismocardiogram-measurements-during-walking-to-assess-left-ventricular-health
#14
Abdul Qadir Javaid, Hazar Ashouri, Alexis Dorier, Mozziyar Etemadi, J Alex Heller, Shuvo Roy, Omer T Inan
GOAL: Our objective is to provide a framework for extracting signals of interest from the wearable seismocardiogram (SCG) measured during walking at normal (subject's preferred pace) and moderately-fast (1.34 - 1.45 m/s) speeds. METHODS: We demonstrate, using empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and feature tracking algorithms, that the pre-ejection period (PEP) can be accurately estimated from a wearable patch that simultaneously measures electrocardiogram (ECG) and sternal acceleration signals...
August 16, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430862/investigating-the-voce-faringea-physiological-and-acoustic-characteristics-of-the-bel-canto-tenor-s-forgotten-singing-practice
#15
Alexander Mayr
Several historical sources from the first half of the 19th century mention a distinct third register mechanism particular to tenor voices of that period. This so-called voce faringea-often described as an "intermediate" register-is a virtually forgotten historical singing practice used to extend the upper range of the voice, where the singer modifies falsetto, typically a weak and often feminine sound, into a more powerful, tenor-like vocal quality. Based on an evaluation of historical voice register theories, training strategies, and the sound ideals of the historical period, an informed discussion of that technique is developed...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392204/a-noninvasive-ultrasound-elastography-technique-for-measuring-surface-waves-on-the-lung
#16
Xiaoming Zhang, Thomas Osborn, Sanjay Kalra
The purpose of this work was to demonstrate an ultrasound based surface wave elastography (SWE) technique for generating and detecting surface waves on the lung. The motivation was to develop a noninvasive technique for assessing superficial lung tissue disease including interstitial lung disease (ILD). ILD comprises a number of lung disorders in which the lung tissue is stiffened and damaged due to fibrosis of the lung tissue. Currently, chest radiographs and computed tomography (CT) are the most common clinical methods for evaluating lung disease, but they are associated with radiation and cannot measure lung mechanical properties...
September 2016: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384328/vibrating-platform-training-improves-respiratory-muscle-strength-quality-of-life-and-inspiratory-capacity-in-the-elderly-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Maíra Florentino Pessoa, Daniela Cunha Brandão, Rafaela Barros de Sá, Jacqueline de Melo Barcelar, Taciano Dias de Souza Rocha, Helga Cecília Muniz de Souza, Armele Dornelas de Andrade
Background: Aging affects respiratory strength that could cause reduction in functional capacity and quality of life, playing a fundamental role in healthy aging and survival. To prevent these declines, the whole body vibration (WBV) has been proposed to increase strength and functional capacity. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of WBV on respiratory muscle strength, thoracoabdominal ventilation, and quality of life in the elderly adults. Methods: This study was a controlled, randomized double-blind clinical trial...
May 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237206/aerosol-a-health-hazard-during-ultrasonic-scaling-a-clinico-microbiological-study
#18
Akanksha Singh, R G Shiva Manjunath, Deepak Singla, Hirak S Bhattacharya, Arijit Sarkar, Neeraj Chandra
CONTEXT: Ultrasonic scaling is a routinely used treatment to remove plaque and calculus from tooth surfaces. These scalers use water as a coolant which is splattered during the vibration of the tip. The splatter when mixed with saliva and plaque of the patients causes the aerosol highly infectious and acts as a major risk factor for transmission of the disease. In spite of necessary protection, sometimes, the operator might get infected because of the infectious nature of the splatter...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147223/short-term-effect-of-different-physical-exercises-and-physiotherapy-combinations-on-sputum-expectoration-oxygen-saturation-and-lung-function-in-young-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#19
Susi Kriemler, Thomas Radtke, Gregor Christen, Marta Kerstan-Huber, Helge Hebestreit
PURPOSE: Exercise and chest physiotherapy are integral components of cystic fibrosis (CF) care. We aimed to determine short-term effects of a combined exercise-physiotherapy intervention, using either trampoline or cycle exercises compared to billiard (sham training) on sputum production, oxygen saturation (SaO2) and short-term lung function in participants with CF. METHODS: Twelve 16- to 29-year-old individuals with CF were randomly allocated to all 3 interventions on non-consecutive days of a week with exercise and physiotherapy parts lasting 30 min and breaks of 30 min after each procedure...
August 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086120/-manual-airway-clearance-techniques-in-adults-and-adolescents-what-level-of-evidence
#20
Michel Cabillic, Pascal Gouilly, Gregory Reychler
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic literature review was to grade the levels of evidence of the most widely used manual airway clearance techniques. METHODS: A literature search was conducted over the period 1995-2014 from the Medline, PEDro, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, REEDOC and kinedoc databases, with the following keywords: "postural drainage", "manual vibrations", "manual chest percussion", "directed cough", "increased expiratory flow", "ELTGOL", "autogenic drainage" and "active cycle of breathing technique"...
April 13, 2016: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
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