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chronic epiphora dogs

Katrin Voelter-Ratson, Regine Hagen, Stefan Grundmann, Bernhard Martin Spiess
PURPOSE: To describe a nasolacrimal duct (NLD) obstruction secondary to an ectopic tooth in a 5-year-old male Border collie. The dog was presented with a 1-month history of mucopurulent discharge from the left eye (OS) preceded by a lifelong history of epiphora OS. Treatment with neomycin/polymyxin B/dexamethasone ophthalmic solution had not improved the clinical signs, and the NLD was not patent when irrigated by the referring veterinarian. METHODS: A complete ophthalmologic examination was performed followed by dacryocystorhinography and computed tomography (CT)...
September 2015: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Ingrid Allgoewer, Stefan Hoecht
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of soft X-ray therapy in the treatment of refractory chronic superficial keratitis (CSK). ANIMALS STUDIED: Thirteen dogs with severe CSK, that had been refractory to prior medical and/or surgical therapy were treated with soft X-ray therapy. PROCEDURES: Both corneas of each dog were irradiated with soft X-rays (15 kV), to a total dose of 30 Gy, administered as two fractions over 48-96 h. Treatment was carried out under deep sedation in all dogs...
January 2010: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Jae-il Lee, Myung-jin Kim, Il-hwan Kim, Yeoung-bum Kim, Myung-cheol Kim
A five-month-old female Shih-tzu puppy was presented for repair of congenital choristoma in left eye. The patient was suffered from chronic epiphora and ocular discharge during 3 months. On ophthalmic examination, left eye revealed hyperemia in conjunctiva of the temporal canthus due to choristoma with hair. At surgery, the choristoma invaded by stromal layer of the cornea, and extended to limbus and conjunctiva. Based on the anatomical location and histopathological features of the removed tissue, the choristoma was diagnosed as corneal dermoid...
December 2005: Journal of Veterinary Science
S G Nykamp, P V Scrivani, A P Pease
Computed tomography-dacryocystography (CT-DCG) was used to evaluate the nasolacrimal system in four patients (three dogs and one horse) that were admitted for evaluation of chronic epiphora, facial swelling, or facial trauma. The four patients are reviewed and the technique for performing CT-DCG is described. Additionally, the indications for this procedure are discussed. CT-DCG is advantageous because cross-sectional imaging provides superior resolution of the nasolacrimal apparatus and the relatively long, small-diameter, bony nasolacrimal canal in most veterinary patients...
January 2004: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
C Mally, J J Thiebault
During a preclinical safety evaluation study, an indication of ocular toxicity was noted in beagle dogs receiving orally (gelatin capsules) once a day, 7 days a week for, respectively, 7 and 91 days, 10 mg/kg/day of Lortalamine, a new non-tricyclic anti-depressant compound. Lortalamine treated dogs showed, progressively, bilateral mydriasis, conjunctivitis, epiphora, corneal oedema and corneal erosions from day 2 to day 7. Thereafter, even though treatment goes on, ocular lesions were progressively improved, and inflammation and swelling of both cornea slowly reversed, especially from day 8 to 30...
1990: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
J M Pletcher, S A Koch, M A Stedham
A chondroma rodens involving the superficial medial aspect of the right orbit was diagnosed in a 9-year-old dog referred because of chronic unilateral epiphora. Examination revealed several ophthalmic abnormalities attributable to a space-occupying mass in the superficial medial aspect of the orbit. The mass was excised; however, regrowths at the primary site necessitated additional surgical interventions. The dog was given radiation therapy, which provided encouraging results. Subtle histologic differences as well as differing epidemiologic features suggest that chondroma rodens is not analogous to the human entity of juvenile aponeurotic fibroma, to which it has been compared in the past...
July 15, 1979: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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