Read by QxMD icon Read

Advanced trauma life support

Nicholas R Phillips, Derek E Kunz
While overall sports participation continues at high rates, chest injuries occur relatively infrequently. Many conditions of chest injury are benign, related to simple contusions and strains, but the more rare, severe injuries carry a much higher risk of morbidity and mortality than the typical issues encountered in athletic medicine. Missed or delayed diagnosis can prove to be catastrophic. Sports medicine providers must be prepared to encounter a wide range of traumatic conditions relating to the torso, varying from the benign chest wall contusion to the life-threatening tension pneumothorax...
March 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Cory Taylor, Jamie C Fertal, Solomon Liao
BACKGROUND: Withdrawal of life-support for an individual with refractory schizophrenia following attempted suicide remains controversial. Discussion regarding prognosis of mental illness and the distinction between somatic and mental illness brings out many ethical issues. This paper will examine the role and weight of severe persistent mental illness in the withdrawal of life support following attempted suicide. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 30-year-old gentleman with deafness and schizophrenia was admitted with multiple self-inflicted visceral stab wounds...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Erin Hulfish, Maria Carmen G Diaz, Megan Feick, Catherine Messina, Glenn Stryjewski
BACKGROUND: Advanced Trauma Life Support resuscitation follows a strict protocolized approach to the initial trauma evaluation. Despite this structure, elements of the primary and secondary assessments can still be omitted. The aim of this study is to determine if a cognitive aid checklist reduces omissions and speeds the time to assessment completion. We additionally investigated if a displayed checklist improved performance further. METHODS: A series of 131 simulated trauma resuscitations were performed...
February 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Rein Ketelaars, Christian Beekers, Geert-Jan Van Geffen, Gert Jan Scheffer, Nico Hoogerwerf
BACKGROUND: Patients in cardiac arrest must receive algorithm-based management such as basic life support and advanced (cardiac) life support. International guidelines dictate diagnosing and treating any factor that may have caused the arrest or may be complicating the resuscitation. Ultrasound may be of potential value in this process and can be used in a prehospital setting. The objective is to evaluate the use of prehospital ultrasound during traumatic and non-traumatic CPR and determine its impact on prehospital treatment decisions in a Dutch helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS)...
February 22, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Adrienne O'Neil, Anna J Scovelle, Allison J Milner, Anne Kavanagh
The social gradient for cardiovascular disease (CVD) onset and outcomes is well established. The American Heart Association's Social Determinants of Risk and Outcomes of Cardiovascular Disease Scientific Statement advocates looking beyond breakthroughs in biological science toward a social determinants approach that focuses on socioeconomic position, race and ethnicity, social support, culture and access to medical care, and residential environments to curb the burden of CVD going forward. Indeed, the benefits of this approach are likely to be far reaching, enhancing the positive effects of advances in CVD related to prevention and treatment while reducing health inequities that contribute to CVD onset and outcomes...
February 20, 2018: Circulation
Menachem Ben-Ezra, Thanos Karatzias, Philip Hyland, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre, Jonathan I Bisson, Neil P Roberts, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster, Mark Shevlin
BACKGROUND: The current study sought to advance the existing literature by providing the first assessment of the factorial and discriminant validity of the ICD-11 proposals for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) in a nationwide level. METHODS: A nationally representative sample from Israel (n = 1,003) using a disorder-specific measure (ITQ; International Trauma Questionnaire) in order to assess PTSD and CPTSD along with the Life Events Checklist and the World Health Organization Well-Being Index...
February 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Joshua T Bucher, Christopher Bryczkowski, Grant Wei, Renee L Riggs, Anoop Kotwal, Brian Sumner, Jonathan V McCoy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study is to investigate rates of individual procedures performed by residents in our emergency medicine (EM) residency program. Different programs expose residents to different training environments. Our hypothesis is that ultrasound examinations are the most commonly performed procedure in our residency. METHODS: The study took place in an academic level I trauma center with multiple residency and fellowship programs including surgery, surgical critical care, trauma, medicine, pulmonary/critical care, anesthesiology and others...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Maj Andrew Hall, Cdr Jacob Glaser, Dennis Hanseman, Capt Ryan Parks, Capt Michael Brazeau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Meng-Yu Wu, Pin-Li Chou, Tzu-I Wu, Pyng-Jing Lin
BACKGROUND: Using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to provide advanced life support in adult trauma patients remains a controversial issue now. The study was aimed at identifying the independent predictors of hospital mortality in adult trauma patients receiving ECMO for advanced cardiopulmonary dysfunctions. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 36 adult trauma patients receiving ECMO due to advanced shock or respiratory failure in a level I trauma center between August 2006 and October 2014...
February 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Carla De Stefano, Massimiliano Orri, Jean Marc Agostinucci, Haroun Zouaghi, Frederic Lapostolle, Thierry Baubet, Frederic Adnet
BACKGROUND: The terrorist attacks in Paris and Saint Denis on November 13, 2015 were an unprecedented traumatic event in France. It was an especially distressing ordeal for the healthcare personnel involved in the care of the victims. The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of direct participation in the rescue on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among these workers. METHODS: Less than a month later, 613 healthcare providers (professionals and paraprofessionals) from three hospitals in the Paris suburbs were asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire...
February 8, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Lian-Yang Zhang, Xiu-Zhu Zhang, Xiang-Jun Bai, Mao Zhang, Xiao-Gang Zhao, Yong-An Xu, Hao Tan, Yang Li
Trauma is a life-threatening "modern disease". The outcomes only could be optimized by cost-efficient and prompt trauma care, which embarks on the improvement of essential capacities and conceptual revolution in addition to the disruptive innovation of the trauma care system. The experiences from the developed countries, the systematic trauma care training are the cornerstone of the generalization and the improvement on the trauma care, such as the Advance Trauma Life Support (ATLS). Currently, the pre-hospital EMS (emergency medical services) has been one of the essential elements of infrastructure of health services in China, which is also fundamental to the trauma care system...
December 8, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Meghan Wooster, Alyssa Stassi, Joshua Hill, James Kurtz, Marco Bonta, M Chance Spalding
BACKGROUND: The geriatric trauma population is growing and fraught with poor physiological response to injury and high mortality rates. Our primary hypothesis analyzed how prehospital and in-hospital characteristics affect decision-making regarding continued life support (CLS) versus withdrawal of care (WOC). Our secondary hypothesis analyzed adherence to end-of-life decisions regarding code status, living wills, and advanced directives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients with geriatric trauma at a level I and level II trauma center from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2014...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Julia Borns, Jörg Ersch, Milana Dobrovoljac, Georg Staubli, Barbara Brotschi
OBJECTIVE: In treating patients of different ages and diseases in the pediatric resuscitation bay, management errors are common. This study aimed to analyze the adherence to advanced trauma life support and pediatric advanced life support guidelines and identify management errors in the pediatric resuscitation bay by using video recordings. METHODS: Video recording of all patients admitted to the pediatric resuscitation bay at University Children's Hospital Zurich during a 13-month period was performed...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Raquel Gordillo Martin, Pedro E Alcaráz, Laura Juguera Rodriguez, Antonio Nieto Fernandez-Pacheco, Elena Marín-Cascales, Tomás T Freitas, Manuel Pardo Rios
More than 7.5 million people in the world are affected by spinal cord injury (SCI). In this study, we aimed to analyze the effect of training in advanced trauma life support (ATLS) on the kinematics of the spine when performing different mobilization and immobilization techniques on patients with suspected SCI. A quasi-experimental study, clinical simulation, was carried out to determine the effect of training in ATLS on 32 students enrolled in the Master's program of Emergency and Special Care Nursing. The evaluation was performed through 2 maneuvers: placing of the scoop stretcher (SS) and spinal board (SB), with an actor who simulated a clinical situation of suspected spinal injury...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Deepika Mohan, Coreen Farris, Baruch Fischhoff, Matthew R Rosengart, Derek C Angus, Donald M Yealy, David J Wallace, Amber E Barnato
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a behavioral intervention delivered through a video game can improve the appropriateness of trauma triage decisions in the emergency department of non-trauma centers. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Online intervention in national sample of emergency medicine physicians who make triage decisions at US hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 368 emergency medicine physicians primarily working at non-trauma centers...
December 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Kareem R AbdelFattah, M Chance Spalding, David Leshikar, Aimee K Gardner
BACKGROUND: Current work hour restrictions and the expansion of requirements for surgery residents has led to decreased time on high-acuity rotations such as trauma and acute care surgery. In an effort to improve resident competency, we examined the efficacy of a new team-based trauma curriculum for postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents. METHODS: After completing required Advanced Trauma Life Support certification, PGY1s participated in a series of trauma simulations in 3-person teams from June to August...
December 8, 2017: Surgery
J J Odendaal, V Y Kong, T Liu, B Sartorius, G V Oosthuizen, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: Advanced trauma life support (ATLS) is the international standard of care and forms the basis of trauma training in South Africa. Previous local studies demonstrated a low completion rate among junior doctors (JD). This study was designed to determine the reasons and identify possible barriers of JDs to accessing the ATLS course at a major university hospital. METHOD: This was a prospective study utilising a structured survey that included all JDs who were undertaking their internship training...
November 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
Adel Hamed Elbaih, Sameh T Abu-Elela
PURPOSE: The emergency physicians face significant clinical uncertainty when multiple trauma patients arrive in the emergency department (ED). The priorities for assessment and treatment of polytrauma patients are established in the primary survey. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) is very essential clinical skill during trauma resuscitation. Use of point of care ultrasound among the trauma team working in the primary survey in emergency care settings is lacking in Suez Canal University Hospitals even ultrasound machine not available in ED...
December 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Roman Klein, Wolfgang Armbruster, Martin Grotz, Bernd Höner, Matthias Münzberg, Paul Alfred Grützner, Christoph Georg Wölfl
Objective: To correlate students' performance with their professional background and motivation to take part in Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) courses. We base our analysis on the self-determination theory that differentiates intrinsic (ambition to perform by individual itself) from extrinsic motivation (incentive by external stimuli). Design: We present a non-blinded, monocentric, non-randomized descriptive study of 376 students taking part in an ATLS course at one course site in Germany. Part of a two-day ATLS course are two written tests; we correlate test scores with background information provided by the students in a questionnaire of 13 items (age, sex, adress, board certification, specialty, subspecialty, position, hospital level of care, hospital operator and hospital participation in trauma network, motivation, funding source, condition of funding)...
2017: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
Matthew D McEvoy, Karl-Christian Thies, Sharon Einav, Kurt Ruetzler, Vivek K Moitra, Mark E Nunnally, Arna Banerjee, Guy Weinberg, Andrea Gabrielli, Gerald A Maccioli, Gregory Dobson, Michael F O'Connor
As noted in part 1 of this series, periprocedural cardiac arrest (PPCA) can differ greatly in etiology and treatment from what is described by the American Heart Association advanced cardiac life support algorithms, which were largely developed for use in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and in-hospital cardiac arrest outside of the perioperative space. Specifically, there are several life-threatening causes of PPCA of which the management should be within the skill set of all anesthesiologists. However, previous research has demonstrated that continued review and training in the management of these scenarios is greatly needed and is also associated with improved delivery of care and outcomes during PPCA...
March 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"