keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Advanced trauma life support

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193544/current-approach-to-liver-traumas
#1
Levent Kaptanoglu, Necmi Kurt, Hasan Ediz Sikar
INTRODUCTION: Liver injuries remain major obstacle for successful treatment, due to size and location of the liver. Requirement for surgery should be determined by clinical factors, most notably hemodynamical state. In this present study we tried to declare our approach to liver traumas. We also tried to emphasize the importance of conservative treatment, since surgeries for liver traumas carry high mortality rates. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Patients admitted to the Department of Emergency Surgery at Kartal Research and Education Hospital, due to liver trauma were retrospectively analyzed between 2003-2013...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180121/hemodynamic-changes-following-routine-fluid-resuscitation-in-patients-with-blunt-trauma
#2
Shahram Paydar, Hamed Kabiri, Maryam Barhaghtalab, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand, Saeed Safari, Alireza Baratloo
BACKGROUND: The management of trauma patients is often difficult. The American college of surgeons suggests using advanced trauma life support (ATLS) measures. ATLS is regarded as the gold standard for the resuscitation of cases with acute life threatening injuries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the change in base excess (BE) values and central venous pressure (CVP) one and six hours after injection of 1000 cc normal saline in trauma patients admitted to the ICU. PATIENTS AND METHODS: According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, patients were randomly selected to participate in the project...
September 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070472/utilizing-the-veraflo%C3%A2-instillation-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-system-with-advanced-care-for-a-case-study
#3
Rita K Driver
BACKGROUND:  Mankind has always suffered wounds throughout time due to trauma, disease, and lifestyles. Many wounds are non-healing and have continued to be challenging. However, utilizing advanced wound care treatments, such as negative pressure wound treatment with instillation and dwell time (NPWTi-d), has proven beneficial. NPWTi-d is indicated in a variety of wounds, such as trauma, surgical, acute, pressure injuries, diabetic foot ulcers, and venous leg ulcers. Bacteria and bioburden interrupts wound healing by increasing the metabolic needs, ingesting, and robbing the necessary nutrients and oxygen...
November 30, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070029/the-relationship-between-scores-and-outcomes-for-polytrauma-patients-in-the-emergency-department-a-case-study
#4
Maria Gioffre-Florio, Letizia Maria Murabito, Carmela Visalli, Alessandra Villari, Floriana Lauritano, Carla Bramanti, Fausto Fama
AIM: Traumas are one of the most relevant pathological events in health care, because of clinical and prognostic relevance. Morbidity and mortality rates are strongly affected by the timely and correct approach to the patient (golden hour). The objective of this study was to investigate the possible influence of the diagnostic time and of the Injury Severity Score (ISS) on outcomes in trauma patients. MATERIAL OF STUDY: Out of a total of 240,833 emergency patients, we observed, 447 polytrauma...
December 29, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940682/definitions-and-assessment-approaches-for-emergency-medical-services-for-children
#5
Susan Fuchs, Mark Terry, Kathleen Adelgais, Marlene Bokholdt, Jane Brice, Kathleen M Brown, Arthur Cooper, Mary E Fallat, Katherine E Remick, Keith Widmeier, Wendy Simon, Melissa Marx
Pediatric Life Support (PLS) courses and instructional programs are educational tools developed to teach resuscitation and stabilization of children who are critically ill or injured. A number of PLS courses have been developed by national professional organizations for different health care providers (eg, pediatricians, emergency physicians, other physicians, prehospital professionals, pediatric and emergency advanced practice nurses, physician assistants). PLS courses and programs have attempted to clarify and standardize assessment and treatment approaches for clinical practice in emergency, trauma, and critical care...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913815/-volume-therapy-in-the-severely-injured-patient-recommendations-and-current-guidelines
#6
Sigune Kaske, Marc Maegele
BACKGROUND: Volume therapy is a cornerstone of early resuscitation of severely injured trauma patients, but the optimal strategy remains under debate. A recent Cochrane review could not find evidence for or against early volume replacement or large versus small amounts of fluid. METHOD: Current recommendations and guidelines regarding volume therapy in severely injured patients are summarized based upon the updated European Trauma Guideline on the management of major bleeding and coagulopathy following trauma (fourth edition) and the S3-Guideline Polytrauma and combined with a selective review of the literature...
January 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913262/neurosurgeons-in-japan-are-exclusively-brain-surgeons
#7
REVIEW
Shunji Asamoto
In Japan, neurosurgeons have mainly treated brain diseases, with most cases involving the spine and spinal diseases historically being treated by orthopedists. Nowadays, spinal surgery is just one of the many subspecialties in the neurosurgical field in Japan. Most patients with neurological deficits or suspected neurological diseases are taken to board-certified neurosurgeons or go to them directly in Japan, not through referrals from family doctors or specialists in other fields. Problems originating in the spine and spinal cord have been overlooked or misdiagnosed in these situations...
November 29, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906867/external-validation-of-the-air-medical-prehospital-triage-score-for-identifying-trauma-patients-likely-to-benefit-from-scene-helicopter-transport
#8
Joshua B Brown, Mark L Gestring, Francis X Guyette, Matthew R Rosengart, Nicole A Stassen, Raquel M Forsythe, Timothy R Billiar, Andrew B Peitzman, Jason L Sperry
BACKGROUND: The Air Medical Prehospital Triage (AMPT) score was developed to identify injured patients who may benefit from scene helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) transport. External validation using a different data set is essential to ensure reliable performance. The study objective was to validate the effectiveness of the AMPT score to identify patients with a survival benefit from HEMS using the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcomes Study registry. METHODS: Patients 16 years or older undergoing scene HEMS or ground EMS (GEMS) transport in the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcomes Study registry 2000-2013 were included...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849457/the-center-for-rehabilitation-sciences-research-advancing-the-rehabilitative-care-for-service-members-with-complex-trauma
#9
Brad M Isaacson, Brad D Hendershot, Seth D Messinger, Jason M Wilken, Christopher A Rábago, Elizabeth Russell Esposito, Erik Wolf, Alison L Pruziner, Christopher L Dearth, Marilynn Wyatt, Steven P Cohen, Jack W Tsao, Paul F Pasquina
The Center for Rehabilitation Sciences Research (CRSR) was established to advance the rehabilitative care for service members with combat-related injuries, particularly those with orthopedic, cognitive, and neurological complications. The center supports comprehensive research projects to optimize treatment strategies and promote the successful return to duty and community reintegration of injured service members. The center also provides a unique platform for fostering innovative research and incorporating clinical/technical advances in the rehabilitative care for service members...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833687/application-of-circumferential-compression-device-binder-in-pelvic-injuries-room-for-improvement
#10
Rahul Vaidya, Matthew Roth, Bradley Zarling, Sarah Zhang, Christopher Walsh, Jessica Macsuga, John Swartz
INTRODUCTION: The use of a noninvasive pelvic circumferential compression device (PCCD) to achieve pelvic stabilization by both decreasing pelvic volume and limiting inter-fragmentary motion has become commonplace, and is a well-established component of Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) protocol in the treatment of pelvic ring injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the following: 1) how consistently a PCCD was placed on patients who arrived at our hospital with unstable pelvic ring injuries; 2) if they were placed in a timely manner; and 3) if hemodynamic instability influenced their use...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811560/advanced-extracorporeal-therapy-in-trauma
#11
David Zonies, Matthias Merkel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose is to review the current application of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in trauma patients. In addition, programmatic development is described. RECENT FINDINGS: ECLS use is increasing among trauma patients. Several recent studies among trauma patients report survival rates of 65-79%. Despite the high bleeding risk, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may be safely implemented in trauma patients based on a strict protocol-driven policy...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811534/performance-in-trauma-resuscitation-at-an-urban-tertiary-level-i-pediatric-trauma-center
#12
Payal Kadia Gala, Kevin Osterhoudt, Sage R Myers, Mariel Colella, Aaron Donoghue
BACKGROUND: The role of the surveyor in trauma resuscitations is to identify life-threatening injuries and is meant to be conducted by a set protocol for every patient. Optimal performance of the trauma survey is known to be a challenge in pediatric trauma resuscitation. A postulated reason for this observation is that many trainees, such as pediatric residents, who perform the trauma survey have minimal experience and do not have formal advanced trauma life support training. The assessment of factors that may be obstacles in performing the trauma survey has not been studied robustly...
November 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810115/effect-of-noise-on-tasks-in-operating-theatres-a-survey-of-the-perceptions-of-healthcare-staff
#13
A D Padmakumar, O Cohen, A Churton, J B Groves, D A Mitchell, P A Brennan
Noise in the operating theatre has an adverse impact on healthcare professionals, both physically and psychologically. It can be distracting, make communication difficult, and contribute to a perceived increase in stress. Staff in theatre must deliver high quality care, and overlook noise as a potentially damaging influence. The aim of this survey was to obtain further information about the perspective of healthcare professionals on how noise can affect their practice and whether it affects their work in theatre...
February 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779964/intraosseous-infusion-as-a-bridge-to-definitive-access
#14
Megan Johnson, Kenji Inaba, Saskya Byerly, Erika Falsgraf, Lydia Lam, Elizabeth Benjamin, Aaron Strumwasser, Jean-Stephane David, Demetrios Demetriades
Intraosseous (IO) needle placement is an alternative for patients with difficult venous access. The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine indications and outcomes associated with IO use at a Level 1 trauma center (January 2008-May 2015). Data points included demographics, time to insertion, intravenous (IV) access points, indications, infusions, hospital and intensive care unit length of stay, and mortality. Of 68 patients with IO insertion analyzed (63.2% blunt trauma, 29.4% penetrating trauma, and 7...
October 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753548/forty-years-on-from-an-event-that-changed-the-management-of-trauma-around-the-world-what-actually-happened-that-night-forty-years-ago
#15
Franklin H G Bridgewater
The management of trauma has evolved significantly over the last 40 years. Seminal to this process was the development in Nebraska of a concept of trauma management that was promulgated as Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS). It has achieved global support and is considered by many to be the acme in trauma management. Every participant in an ATLS course remembers that an aviation accident in rural Nebraska was responsible for the nascence of the program but very few know the details of the crash. February 17, 2016, was the 40th anniversary of the accident...
October 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712825/craniomaxillofacial-trauma
#16
REVIEW
Sven-Olrik Streubel, David M Mirsky
Facial trauma causes significant of morbidity in the United States. With injuries varying widely, the clinical benefits of antibiotics use in facial fracture treatment are not easily determined. The pediatric population is more predisposed to craniofacial trauma secondary to their increased cranial mass to body ratio. All patients with traumatic injury should be assessed according to the Advanced Trauma Life Support protocol. This article discusses the types and prevalence of injuries and approaches to management...
November 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689248/trends-and-predictors-of-limb-tourniquet-use-by-civilian-emergency-medical-services-in-the-united-states
#17
Mazen J El Sayed, Hani Tamim, Aurelie Mailhac, N Clay Mann
BACKGROUND: Tourniquet use by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) can be life saving for severely injured patients. The adoption of this intervention is not well described in civilian settings. This study describes patterns and trends of tourniquet use by civilian EMS and identifies predictors of such use. METHODS: A retrospective study of four consecutive releases of the U.S. National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) public research dataset (2011-14) was conducted...
September 30, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660731/traumatic-rupture-of-a-posterior-mediastinal-teratoma-following-motor-vehicle-accident
#18
Christopher Bell, Fernando Domingo, Ashley D Miller, Jeremiah S Smith, James R Headrick
We report a case of a posterior mediastinal mature cystic teratoma with rupture secondary to blunt chest trauma in a 20-year-old male involved in a motor-vehicle accident. Initial treatment was guided by Advanced Trauma Life Support and a tube thoracostomy was performed for presumed hemothorax. The heterogeneous collection within the thoracic cavity was discovered to be the result of a ruptured cystic mass. Pathologic findings confirmed the mass consistent with a mature cystic teratoma. As mediastinal teratomas are most commonly described arising from the anterior mediastinum, the posterior location of the teratoma described in this report is exceedingly rare...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650943/physician-staffed-helicopter-emergency-medical-systems-can-provide-advanced-trauma-life-support-in-mountainous-and-remote-areas
#19
Julia Ausserer, Elizabeth Moritz, Matthias Stroehle, Hermann Brugger, Giacomo Strapazzon, Simon Rauch, Peter Mair
INTRODUCTION: In remote and mountainous areas, helicopter emergency medical systems (HEMS) are used to expedite evacuation and provide pre-hospital advanced trauma life support (ATLS) in major trauma victims. Aim of the study was to investigate feasibility of ATLS in HEMS mountain rescue missions and its influence on patient condition at hospital admission. PATIENTS: 58 major trauma victims (Injury Severity Score ≥16), evacuated by physician staffed HEMS from remote and mountainous areas in the State of Tyrol, Austria between 1...
January 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636186/do-pediatric-teams-affect-outcomes-of-injured-children-requiring-inter-hospital-transport
#20
Amanda Calhoun, Martin Keller, Junxin Shi, Celeste Brancato, Kathy Donovan, Diana Kraus, Julie C Leonard
INTRODUCTION: Studies show that pediatric trauma centers produce better outcomes and reduced mortality for injured children. Yet, most children do not have timely access to a pediatric trauma center and require stabilization locally with subsequent transfer. Investigators have demonstrated that pediatric transport teams (PTT) improve outcomes for critically ill children; however, these studies did not differentiate outcomes for injured children. It may be that moderate to severely injured children actually fare worse with PTT due to slower transport times inherent to their remote locations and thus delays in important interventions...
September 16, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
keyword
keyword
81897
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"