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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213979/mmp-2-and-mmp-14-silencing-inhibits-vegfr2-cleavage-and-induces-the-differentiation-of-porcine-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-to-endothelial-cells
#1
Sami G Almalki, Yovani Llamas Valle, Devendra K Agrawal
The molecular mechanisms that control the ability of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) to remodel three-dimensional extracellular matrix barriers during differentiation are not clearly understood. Herein, we studied the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) during the differentiation of AMSCs to endothelial cells (ECs) in vitro. MSCs were isolated from porcine abdominal adipose tissue, and characterized by immunopositivity to CD44, CD90, CD105, and immunonegativity to CD14 and CD45. Plasticity of AMSCs was confirmed by multilineage differentiation...
February 18, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211044/antibiotic-use-as-a-marker-of-acute-infection-and-risk-of-first-and-recurrent-venous-thrombosis
#2
Jasmijn F Timp, Suzanne C Cannegieter, Vladimir Tichelaar, Sigrid K Braekkan, Frits R Rosendaal, Saskia le Cessie, Willem M Lijfering
A role for transient infections in the aetiology of venous thrombosis (VT) has been suggested. This study aimed to determine whether individuals who receive antibiotic treatment (as a proxy for infections) have an increased risk of first and recurrent VT and whether infections should be seen as a provoking risk factor for VT. We used the self-controlled case series method to study the risk of first VT during antibiotic prescriptions. The risk of recurrent VT during antibiotic use was estimated by of time-dependent Cox-regression...
February 17, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209269/association-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-levels-with-collagen-degradation-in-the-context-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#3
V Klaus, F Tanios-Schmies, C Reeps, M Trenner, E Matevossian, H-H Eckstein, J Pelisek
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have already been identified as key players in the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). However, the current data remain inconclusive. In this study, the expression of MMPs at mRNA and protein levels were investigated in relation to the degradation of collagen I and collagen III. METHODS: Tissue samples were obtained from 40 patients with AAA undergoing open aortic repair, and from five healthy controls during kidney transplantation...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207427/progression-and-characterization-of-the-accelerated-atherosclerosis-in-iliac-artery-of-new-zealand-white-rabbits-effect-of-simvastatin
#4
Jitendra S Kanshana, Vivek Khanna, Vishal Singh, Manish Jain, Ankita Misra, Sachin Kumar, Mariya Farooqui, Manoj K Barthwal, Madhu Dikshit
OBJECTIVE: Although atherosclerosis is described in New Zealand White rabbit's iliac artery, yet details of time-dependent atherosclerosis progression are not well known. Further, a well characterized accelerated model of atherosclerosis is also required for the screening of candidate drugs to target specific steps of atherosclerosis development. The present study extensively characterizes the time-dependent plaque composition and functional responses of the atherosclerosis in rabbit iliac artery and its modification by simvastatin...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202394/platelet-rich-plasma-prp-induces-chondroprotection-via-increasing-autophagy-anti-inflammatory-markers-and-decreasing-apoptosis-in-human-osteoarthritic-cartilage
#5
Mayssam Moussa, Daniel Lajeunesse, George Hilal, Oula El Atat, Gaby Haykal, Rim Serhal, Antonio Chalhoub, Charbel Khalil, Nada Alaaeddine
OBJECTIVES: Autophagy constitutes a defense mechanism to overcome aging and apoptosis in osteoarthritic cartilage. Several cytokines and transcription factors are linked to autophagy and play an important role in the degradative cascade in osteoarthritis (OA). Cell therapy such as platelet rich plasma (PRP) has recently emerged as a promising therapeutic tool for many diseases including OA. However, its mechanism of action on improving cartilage repair remains to be determined. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of PRP on osteoarthritic chondrocytes and to elucidate the mechanism by which PRP contributes to cartilage regeneration...
February 13, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199906/aucubin-and-its-hydrolytic-derivative-attenuate-activation-of-hepatic-stellate-cells-via-modulation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-stimulation
#6
Pei-Yu Lv, Han Feng, Wei-Hua Huang, Ying-Ying Tian, Ya-Qin Wang, Yu-Hua Qin, Xiao-Hui Li, Kai Hu, Hong-Hao Zhou, Dong-Sheng Ouyang
Eucommia ulmoides is an important traditional Chinese medicine and has been used as a tonic with a long history. Aucubin is an active component extracted from Eucommia ulmoides, which has liver-protection effects. However the mechanisms are still unclear. To investigate the inhibitory effects and the underlying mechanisms of aucubin on TGF-β1-induced activation of hepatic stellate cells and ECM deposition, Human hepatic stellate cells (LX-2 cells) were incubated with TGF-β1 to evaluate the anti-fibrotic effect of aucubin...
February 8, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197741/correlation-between-the-col4a3-mmp-9-and-timp-1-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-keratoconus
#7
Ramin Saravani, Davood Yari, Samira Saravani, Farzaneh Hasanian-Langroudi
PURPOSE: Keratoconus (KC) is thinning of the central cornea. Its etiology is unknown, but it may result from degrading of collagen type IV. The major protein in the cornea is collagen. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is able to degrade collagen type IV from the basement membrane and extracellular matrix (ECM). MMP-9 enzymatic activity is inhibited by the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1). In the present study, we sought to investigate and evaluate the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms in COL4A3, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 on the risk of KC in an Iranian population sample...
February 14, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196857/deletion-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-in-myeloid-lineage-exaggerates-angiotensin-ii-induced-formation-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#8
Yusuke Takahara, Tomotake Tokunou, Hiroshi Kojima, Yoshitaka Hirooka, Toshihiro Ichiki
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α is a transcription factor that regulates various genes responding to hypoxic conditions. We previously reported that myeloid-specific activation of HIF-1α had protective effects on hypertensive cardiovascular remodeling in mice. However the role of myeloid lineage HIF-1α in the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has not been determined. Myeloid-specific HIF-1α knockout (HIF-1KO) mice were created using a Cre-lox recombination system in the background of apolipoprotein E-deficient mice...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196028/evaluation-of-suppressive-effects-of-tranilast-on-the-invasion-metastasis-mechanism-in-a-murine-pancreatic-cancer-cell-line
#9
Munehisa Kaneda, Hideaki Obara, Keiichi Suzuki, Osamu Takeuchi, Asako Takizawa, Masayoshi Osaku, Hajime Matsubara, Yuko Kitagawa
OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have investigated the mechanism of the antitumor effect of tranilast, well known as an antiallergic drug. Herein, we investigated the mechanism of the antitumor effects of tranilast using murine Pan02 cell line. METHODS: In an allograft mouse model, the number of metastatic sites in the liver was counted. Wound healing and chemoinvasion assay were performed to evaluate migration and invasive ability of Pan02, respectively. Activities of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were evaluated by gelatin zymography...
February 14, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195071/spatial-differences-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-within-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-wall-and-intraluminal-thrombus
#10
A Siennicka, M Zuchowski, M Kaczmarczyk, M Cnotliwy, J S Clark, M Jastrzebska
Formation of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is a complex process involving aortic wall degradation. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) mainly involved in this process are MMP-2 and MMP-9. Most aneurysms contain an intraluminal thrombus. It is suggested that the thrombus' thickness correlates with the risk of aneurysm rupture and may be a new prognostic factor. The purpose of the present study was to investigate enzyme protein levels in thick (A1) and thin (B1) segments of the thrombus and aneurysm wall sections A (adjacent to A1) and B (adjacent to B1)...
December 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194420/andrographolide-inhibits-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-sgc7901-gastric-cancer-cells
#11
Lei Dai, Gang Wang, Wensheng Pan
To explore the mechanisms by which andrographolide inhibits gastric cancer cell proliferation and metastasis, we employed the gastric cell line SGC7901 to investigate the anticancer effects of andrographolide. The cell survival ratio, cell migration and invasion, cell cycle, apoptosis, and matrix metalloproteinase activity were assessed. Moreover, western blotting and real-time PCR were used to examine the protein expression levels and the mRNA expression levels, respectively. The survival ratio of cells decreased with an increasing concentration of andrographolide in a dose-dependent manner...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193525/caffeic-acid-phenethyl-ester-attenuates-liver-fibrosis-via-inhibition-of-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad3-pathway-and-induction-of-autophagy-pathway
#12
Ning Yang, Shuangsuo Dang, Juanjuan Shi, Fengping Wu, Mei Li, Xin Zhang, Yaping Li, Xiaoli Jia, Song Zhai
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) has been reported to possess the hepatoprotective effect. This study was to investigate the mechanism underlying CAPE against liver fibrosis in a liver fibrosis model induced by toxic carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) in male Sprague-Dawley rats and in vitro in CAPE (5 μM, 10 μM, 15 μM) treated hepatic stellate cells (HSC-T6). We found that CAPE treatment remarkably attenuated CCl4-induced liver fibrosis by blocking the activation of HSCs as determined by the expression alternation of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, phosphorylated Smad3 (p-Smad3), collage I, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) 2, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs) 1...
February 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193079/correlation-between-mmp-9-and-mmp-9-timps-complex-with-pulmonary-function-in-sulfur-mustard-exposed-civilians-sardasht-iran-cohort-study
#13
Sara Ghaffarpour, Tooba Ghazanfari, Sussan Kabudanian Ardestani, Shahryar Pourfarzam, Faramarz Fallahi, Jalaleddin Shams, Ensieh Sadat Mirsharif, Ali Mohammad Mohseni Majd, Soghrat Faghihzadeh
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteinases and have the vigorous capacity to degrade all parts of the extracellular matrix. MMP enzymes strongly participate in physiological processes such as normal tissue remodeling and wound healing and in pathology of pulmonary diseases. They are released in response to environmental stimuli such as toxins and regulated by endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Sulfur mustard (SM) is a chemical toxic which can cause severe permanent damages to lung tissues...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187313/il-20-contributes-to-low-grade-inflammation-and-weight-gain-in-the-psammomys-obesus
#14
Helena Cucak, Lise Høj Thomsen, Alexander Rosendahl
The metabolic syndrome has been demonstrated in gene deficient animals, e.g. db/db mice, to include a systemic inflammation leading to insulin resistance, obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). To determine the importance of inflammation in obesity and diabetes, in a normal non-genetically modified species, an intervention study with neutralizing anti-IL-20 antibodies was conducted in the spontaneous T2D model Psammomys obesus. All IL-20 receptor chains were expressed on protein level in the Psammomys obesus. Neutralization of IL-20 did not modulate blood glucose, HbA1c, insulin levels or lymphocyte numbers after five weeks treatment although a trend to reduced weight gain rate was observed upon anti-IL-20 treatment...
February 7, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186971/ensnaring-membrane-type-1-matrix-metalloproteinase-mt1-mmp-with-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-timp-2-using-the-haemopexin-domain-of-the-protease-as-a-carrier-a-targeted-approach-in-cancer-inhibition
#15
Bingjie Jiang, Yan Zhang, Jian Liu, Anastasia Tsigkou, Magdalini Rapti, Meng Huee Lee
Metastatic cancer cells express Membrane Type 1-Matrix Metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) to degrade the extracellular matrix in order to facilitate migration and proliferation. Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase (TIMP)-2 is the endogenous inhibitor of the MMP. Here, we describe a novel and highly effective fusion strategy to enhance the delivery of TIMP-2 to MT1-MMP. We can reveal that TIMP-2 fused to the haemopexin +/- transmembrane domains of MT1-MMP (two chimeras named T2PEX+TM and T2PEX) are able to interact with MT1-MMP on the cell surface as well as intracellularly...
February 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181132/anti-tgf%C3%AE-1-receptor-inhibitor-mediates-the-efficacy-of-the-human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-against-liver-fibrosis-through-tgf%C3%AE-1-smad-pathway
#16
Ji Xuan, Wang Feng, Zheng-Tao An, Jian Yang, Hua-Bing Xu, Jing Li, Zhi-Fei Zhao, Wei Wen
The aim of the current investigation was to evaluate the anti-fibrosis potential of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) and further to explore some of its underlying mechanisms. Hepatic fibrosis mice model was induced by CCl4. Liver function parameters in serum and fibrosis-associated markers in tissues were detected. Moreover, SB-431542, an anti-TGFβ-1 receptor inhibitor, was employed in vitro to reveal the underlying mechanism of TGFβ-1/Smad pathway on hUC-MSCs against liver fibrosis...
February 8, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179203/involvement-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-in-chronic-q-fever
#17
Anne F M Jansen, Teske Schoffelen, Julien Textoris, Jean Louis Mege, Chantal P Bleeker-Rovers, Hendrik I J Roest, Peter C Wever, Leo A B Joosten, Mihai G Netea, Esther van de Vosse, Marcel van Deuren
OBJECTIVES: Chronic Q fever is a persistent infection with the intracellular Gram-negative bacterium Coxiella burnetii, which can lead to complications of infected aneurysms. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) cleave extracellular matrix and are involved in infections as well as aneurysms. We aimed to study the role of MMPs in the pathogenesis of chronic Q fever. METHODS: We investigated gene expression of MMPs through microarray analysis and MMP production with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in C...
February 4, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178619/effect-of-qishenyiqi-pill-on-myocardial-collagen-metabolism-in-experimental-autoimmune-myocarditis-rats
#18
Shi-Chao Lv, Meifang Wu, Meng Li, Qiang Wang, Xiao-Jing Wang, Ao Zhang, Ling Xu, Jun-Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of QiShenYiQi pill (QSYQ) on myocardial collagen metabolism in experimental autoimmune myocarditis rats, and to explore its mechanism of action. METHODS: Lewis rats underwent the injection of myocardial myosin mixed with freund's complete adjuvant were randomized into three groups: model, valsartan and QSYQ groups. And we treated rats which were injected phosphate buffered saline (PBS) mixed with freund's complete adjuvant as control group...
February 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167848/amniotic-fluid-infection-in-preterm-pregnancies-with-intact-membranes
#19
Tarja Myntti, Leena Rahkonen, Irmeli Nupponen, Anu Pätäri-Sampo, Minna Tikkanen, Timo Sorsa, Juuso Juhila, Sture Andersson, Jorma Paavonen, Vedran Stefanovic
Introduction. Intra-amniotic infection (IAI) is a major cause of preterm labor and adverse neonatal outcome. We evaluated amniotic fluid (AF) proteolytic cascade forming biomarkers in relation to microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) and IAI in preterm pregnancies with intact membranes. Material and Methods. Amniocentesis was made to 73 women with singleton pregnancies; 27 with suspected IAI; and 46 controls. AF biomarkers were divided into three cascades: Cascade 1: matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8), MMP-9, myeloperoxidase (MPO), and interleukin-6; Cascade 2: neutrophil elastase (HNE), elafin, and MMP-9; Cascade 3: MMP-2, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), MMP-8/TIMP-1 molar ratio, and C-reactive protein (CRP)...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166590/the-effect-of-chrysin-loaded-plga-peg-on-metalloproteinase-gene-expression-in-mouse-4t1-tumor-model
#20
Zoheyr Mohammadi, Mohsen Sharif Zak, Khaled Seidi, Meisam Barati, Abolfazl Akbarzadeh, Nosratollah Zarghami
Despite the advances in medicine, cancer remains as one of the leading causes of the death worldwide. Through our previous study, the Chrysin loaded PGLA/PEG has been synthesized, and its physico-chemical properties were characterized. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the Chrysin loaded PGLA/PEG nanoparticle therapeutic effects on TIMP-1, TIMP-2, MMP-2, MMP-9 and PI3k expression in Mouse 4T1 breast tumor model.30 mice were enrolled in the current study, and the mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: untreated (n=10), Chrysin treatment (n=10) and Chrysin-loaded PLGA/PEG-based treatment (n=10)...
February 6, 2017: Drug Research
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