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Ilona Henseler, Frank Regenbrecht, Hellmuth Obrig
One way to investigate the neuronal underpinnings of language competence is to correlate patholinguistic profiles of aphasic patients to corresponding lesion sites. Constituting the beginnings of aphasiology and neurolinguistics over a century ago, this approach has been revived and refined in the past decade by statistical approaches mapping continuous variables (providing metrics that are not simply categorical) on voxel-wise lesion information (voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping). Here we investigate whether and how voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping allows us to delineate specific lesion patterns for differentially fine-grained clinical classifications...
March 2014: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Klaus-Martin Kroenke, Indra Kraft, Frank Regenbrecht, Hellmuth Obrig
Gestures accompany speech and enrich human communication. When aphasia interferes with verbal abilities, gestures become even more relevant, compensating for and/or facilitating verbal communication. However, small-scale clinical studies yielded diverging results with regard to a therapeutic gesture benefit for lexical retrieval. Based on recent functional neuroimaging results, delineating a speech-gesture integration network for lexical learning in healthy adults, we hypothesized that the commonly observed variability may stem from differential patholinguistic profiles in turn depending on lesion pattern...
November 2013: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
H A Euler, I Holler-Zittlau, S Minnen, U Sick, W Dux, Y Zaretsky, K Neumann
BACKGROUND: A psychometrically constructed short test as a prerequisite for screening was developed on the basis of a revision of the Marburger Speech Screening to assess speech/language competence among children in Hessen (Germany). PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A total of 257 children (age 4.0 to 4.5 years) performed the test battery for speech/language competence; 214 children repeated the test 1 year later. RESULTS: Test scores correlated highly with scores of two competing language screenings (SSV, HASE) and with a combined score from four diagnostic tests of individual speech/language competences (Reynell III, patholinguistic diagnostics in impaired language development, PLAKSS, AWST-R)...
November 2010: HNO
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 1963: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
W Tress, U Pfaffenberger, J Frommer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1984: Der Nervenarzt
J Frommer, W Tress
Transcripts of dialogues with patients showing schizophrenic, manic, depressive or organic syndromes, 15 persons in each group, were analyzed in order to determine their degree of cohesion and coherence. The cohesion of a text is defined by the grammatical and lexical relation between its elements. Coherence, however, means that the sequence of sentences appears reasonable in the context of communicative action. There is a significantly higher incidence of incoherences in dialogues with schizophrenic patients than in dialogues with patients who show manic, depressive or organic syndromes...
March 1989: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
R Ahrens
The faulty use of compound nouns by aphasics is of practical and theoretical significance. Defects in the finding and using of compound nouns were investigated with respect to the following parameters: the importance of the frequency with which compounds and compound parts are used in normal speech, the influence of grammatical and psycholinguistic peculiarities on aphasic dysfunction, and the handling of compounds in individual aphasic syndromes. The distinctly poorer recall of compound nouns compared with simple nouns was found to be due mainly to their less frequent use in normal speech...
September 14, 1977: Archiv Für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten
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