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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146568/health-seeking-influence-reflected-by-online-health-related-messages-received-on-social-media-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Rahila Iftikhar, Bahaa Abaalkhail
BACKGROUND: Major social networking platforms, such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter, have become popular means through which people share health-related information, irrespective of whether messages disseminated through these channels are authentic. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the demographic characteristics of patients that may demonstrate their attitudes toward medical information shared on social media networks. Second, we address how information found through social media affects the way people deal with their health...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142762/analysis-of-cyp1b1-gene-mutations-in-patients-with-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#2
REVIEW
Leila Chouiter, Sellama Nadifi
Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is the most common type of infantile glaucoma, yet it remains a relatively rare disease, because the disease is often transmitted in an autosomal recessive pattern. However, PCG occurs up to 10 times more frequently in certain ethnic and geographical groups where consanguineous relationships are common. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of mutations in the cytochrome P450 1B1 gene ( CYP1B1 ) in patients with PCG among different populations around the world from 2011 until May 2016...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142573/standing-out-with-professionalism-how-do-students-and-faculty-of-two-different-medical-schools-perceive-it
#3
Kamran Sattar, Sue Roff, Durdana Siddiqui, Sultan Ayoub Meo
Background and Objectives: Medical professionalism is an essential aspect of medical education and practice worldwide. Our objective was to explore and compare the perception as recommended sanctions about professionalism lapses, using the "Dundee Polyprofessionalism Inventory I: Academic Integrity", among the faculty and the students' of two different medical schools in Saudi Arabia. Methods: Respondents from the two medical schools in Saudi Arabia, recommended sanctions for the first time, absolute lapses in academic professionalism were determined by using the "Dundee Polyprofessionalism Inventory 1: Academic Integrity"...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142562/drug-poisoning-and-associated-factors-in-western-saudi-arabia-a-five-year-retrospective-chart-review-2011-2016
#4
Sami H Alzahrani, Ali H Alqahtani, Fayssal Mostafa Farahat, Mohammed Abdel Galil Elnour, Jamil Bashawri
Objective: Drug poisoning is a globally common cause of emergency-room admissions. This study explores drug-poisoning prevalence patterns, associated risk factors (gender, age and exposure circumstances), and outcomes in western Saudi Arabia. Methods: Retrospective analysis of Clinical drug poisoning cases (2011-2016). The data were retrieved from the Saudi Ministry of Health's record and Patients' medical charts were analyzed. Results: The Ministry of Health received 1,474 reports of drug poisoning during 2011-2016...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142556/occurrence-of-oral-habits-among-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Fares S Al-Sehaibany
Objective: To determine occurrence of oral habits among Saudi preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and compare it with healthy preschool children. Methods: This study was conducted over a 14-months period in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The sample consisted of two groups; a study group (SG) of 150 ASD children, and a control group (CG) of age- and gender-matched 150 healthy children. The parents of the children in both the groups were administered a questionnaire that included questions about the children's demographic information and previous or persistent oral habits...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142542/predictors-and-correlations-of-emotional-intelligence-among-medical-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah
#6
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Wafaa Ali Algethmi, Safia Mohammad Binshihon, Rawan Aesh Almahyawi, Razan Faisal Alahmadi, Maha Yousef Baabdullah
Objectives: To determine the predictors of Emotional Intelligence (EI), and its relationship with academic performance, leadership capacity, self-efficacy and the perceived stress between medical students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 540 students selected through a multi-stage stratified random sampling method during 2015/2016. A standardized, confidential data collection sheet was used. It included Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence (SSREI) scale, Authentic Leadership questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the short version of Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4)...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142403/flavonoidal-constituents-antioxidant-antimicrobial-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-dipterygium-glaucum-grown-in-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#7
Usama Shaheen, Nagwa Abdelkader Shoeib, Abeer Temraz, Mohamed I S Abdelhady
Background: Dipterygium glaucum Decne. herb is one of the common traditional plants with multiple medicinal uses. Objective: To isolate the major constituents and to investigate the antioxidant, antimicrobial, and cytotoxic activities of this herb. Materials and Methods: Methanolic extract of D. glaucum herb was fractionated using n-hexane, dichloromethane, and n-butanol. Butanol fraction was chromatographed using column chromatography and preparative thin layer chromatography to isolate the major constituents...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140146/awareness-and-attitude-towards-use-of-dietary-supplements-and-the-perceived-outcomes-among-saudi-adult-male-members-of-fitness-centers-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Hanan A Alfawaz, Soundararajan Krishnaswamy, Latifah Al-Faifi, Halima Ali Bin Atta, Mohammad Al-Shayaa, Saad A Alghanim, Nasser M Al-Daghri
Dietary supplements are believed to enhance athletic performance and/or prevent/reverse pathological states. Despite the increasing use of dietary supplements in Saudi Arabia, systematic studies in this field are lacking. This study aims to assess the relation between demographic and social characteristics and dietary supplement use among adult males in Saudi Arabia. Demographic and dietary supplements data from fitness club participants were collected through a questionnaire and Pearson Chi-square test was used to determine associations...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138844/the-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-3-7-deletion-in-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-globin-genes-increases-the-concentration-of-fetal-hemoglobin-and-hemoglobin-a2-in-a-saudi-arabian-population
#9
J Francis Borgio, Sayed Abdulazeez, Noor B Almandil, Zaki A Naserullah, Sana Al-Jarrash, Ahmed M Al-Suliman, Huda Ismail Elfakharay, Fuad S Qaw, Fatimah I Alabdrabalnabi, Mohammed A Alkhalifah, Mohammed Shakil Akhtar, Hatem Qutub, Amein K Al-Ali
The regions of Al‑Qatif and Al‑Ahssa in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia are known for their high prevalence of hemoglobinopathies, including β‑thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. Previously, the α‑gene deletion has been demonstrated as highly prevalent among populations residing in these two regions. The present study was conducted in order to investigate the implications of the α‑globin gene deletion on fetal hemoglobin (HbF) and hemoglobin α2 (HbA2) concentrations in patients with transfusion‑dependent β‑thalassemia...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137958/knowledge-and-information-sources-on-standard-precautions-and-infection-control-of-health-sciences-students-at-king-saud-bin-abdulaziz-university-for-health-sciences-saudi-arabia-riyadh
#10
Abdullah Khubrani, Meshal Albesher, Abdulah Alkahtani, Faisal Alamri, Majid Alshamrani, Emad Masuadi
BACKGROUND: Only one study has been conducted in Saudi Arabia to assess medical students' knowledge of standard precautions (SPs) and infection control (IC). In this study, we examined knowledge of SPs and IC among clinical students attending the King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we targeted clinical students from the following five colleges: Medicine (fifth and sixth years); Dentistry (second semester of the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth years); Applied Medical Sciences (third and fourth years); Nursing (third and fourth years); and Pharmacy (third, fourth, and fifth years)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134383/spatial-distribution-and-metal-contamination-in-the-coastal-sediments-of-al-khafji-area-arabian-gulf-saudi-arabia
#11
Talal Alharbi, Hussain Alfaifi, Sattam A Almadani, Abdelbaset El-Sorogy
To document the spatial distribution and metal contamination in the coastal sediments of the Al-Khafji area in the northern part of the Saudi Arabian Gulf, 27 samples were collected for Al, V, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, Hg, Sr, As, Fe, Co, and Ni analysis using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (ICP-MS). The results revealed the following descending order of the metal concentrations: Sr > Fe > Al > As > Mn > Ni > V > Zn > Cr > Cu > Pb > Co > Hg > Cd. Average levels of enrichment factor of Sr, As, Hg, Cd, Ni, V, Cu, Co, and Pb were higher than 2 (218...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133322/factors-contributing-to-medicine-related-problems-in-adult-patients-with-diabetes-and-or-cardiovascular-diseases-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#12
Abdullah Mahdi Al Hamid, Maisoon Ghaleb, Hisham Aljadhey, Zoe Aslanpour
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factors contributing to medicine-related problems (MRPs) among patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and/or diabetes in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted. Interviews were audio recorded then transcribed into Microsoft Word. The transcribed interviews were then imported into the qualitative analysis software NVivo where thematic analysis was applied. Thematic synthesis was achieved by coding and developing subthemes/themes from the findings of the interviews...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131543/hla-class-ii-polymorphism-in-saudi-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#13
M Al Jumah, S Kojan, A M Al Shehri, M Al Balwi, I Al Abdulkarim, E M Masuadi, Y Alhaidan, A Alabdulrahman, H M Fakhoury, A H Hajeer
Several studies have investigated the association of different HLA antigens with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, only few studies have considered the association of high resolution HLA type and MS, with none yet from Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of HLA class II alleles with MS in the Saudi population. We used next generation sequencing to investigate HLA association with MS. This study was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We found that several HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 alleles were associated with MS...
November 13, 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131123/exploring-factors-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-among-hospitalized-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Abdulkareem AlBekairy, Salah AbuRuz, Bandar Alsabani, Abdulmajeed Alshehri, Tariq Aldebasi, Abdulmalik Alkatheri, Hind Almodaimegh
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were to determine the prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression, and to explore associated factors among hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: All patients with type 2 diabetes (160 patients) who were admitted to the Internal Medicine Wards, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the study period were asked to participate and 158 patients agreed to do so. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of two parts was used...
November 3, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130548/reliability-and-validity-of-the-arabic-ptsd-checklist-civilian-version-pcl-c-in-women-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence
#15
Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong, Fadia AlBuhairan
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors are at high risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), PTSD has been considered a disorder specific to Western culture. There is a lack of reliable and valid measures of PTSD symptomology available in the Arab world, and there is still no clear evidence about the underlying factor structure of PTSD symptomology in the context of IPV. Thus, in the present study we investigated the construct validity (factor structure), internal consistency, and concurrent validity of a translated version of the PTSD Checklist Civilian Version (PCL-C) in a sample of 299 Saudi women who had experienced IPV...
November 11, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129230/prevalence-of-lifestyle-practices-that-might-affect-bone-health-in-relation-to-vitamin-d-status-among-female-saudi-adolescents
#16
Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Suhad Bahijri, Anwar Borai, Zeyad AlRaddadi
BACKGROUND: Prevention of osteoporosis begins in childhood and adolescence, as most bone mass is accumulated during the first 2 decades of life, with 90% to 95% of an adult's bone mineral content being achieved by the end of adolescence. Therefore, targeting modifiable behaviors among adolescents has an important effect on attaining adequate peak bone mass and minimizing risks for future fractures. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of behaviors affecting bone health and vitamin D status and to identify factors associated with vitamin D deficiency among female Saudi adolescents...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127903/causes-of-ehr-projects-stalling-or-failing-a-study-of-ehr-projects-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Bakheet Aldosari
BACKGROUND: Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) are designed to automatically collect, store, and retrieve patients' information from healthcare providers within an organization. They assist clinicians in deciding the future course of treatment. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the practices of Electronic Health Record (EHR) project managers regarding the causes of EHR projects getting stalled or failing in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Three focus groups were identified across three main cities of Saudi Arabia, namely Riyadh, Jeddah, and Dammam during the years 2013 and 2014...
November 3, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125456/microbacterium-album-sp-nov-and-microbacterium-deserti-sp-nov-two-halotolerant-actinobacteria-isolated-from-desert-soil
#18
Zi-Wen Yang, Nimaichand Salam, Mohamed Mohany, Arunachalam Chinnathambi, Sulaiman Ali Alharbi, Min Xiao, Wael N Hozzein, Wen-Jun Li
Strains SYSU D8007(T) and SYSU D8014(T) were isolated from desert soil collected from Saudi Arabia. The two isolates were Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, aerobic and non-spore-forming. These strains were able to grow at 4-45 °C and in the presence of up to 8 % (w/v) NaCl. Strain SYSU D8007(T) could grow at pH 6.0-10.0, and strain SYSU D8014(T) at pH 5.0-10.0. They shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Microbacterium marinilacus YM11-607(T) and Microbacterium paludicola US15(T). Menaquinones MK-11 and MK-12 were detected as the respiratory quinones...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123434/the-prevalence-of-abnormal-leukocyte-count-and-its-predisposing-factors-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-saudi-arabia
#19
Anwar E Ahmed, Yosra Z Ali, Ahmad M Al-Suliman, Jafar M Albagshi, Majid Al Salamah, Mohieldin Elsayid, Wala R Alanazi, Rayan A Ahmed, Donna K McClish, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
Introduction: High white blood cell (WBC) count is an indicator of sickle cell disease (SCD) severity, however, there are limited studies on WBC counts in Saudi Arabian patients with SCD. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of abnormal leukocyte count (either low or high) and identify factors associated with high WBC counts in a sample of Saudi patients with SCD. Methods: A cross-sectional and retrospective chart review study was carried out on 290 SCD patients who were routinely treated at King Fahad Hospital in Hofuf, Saudi Arabia...
2017: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123384/functional-outcomes-by-age-after-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Saad M Bindawas, Vishal Vennu, Hussam Mawajdeh, Hisham Alhaidary
Background: Among various risk factors, age has been identified as a nonmodifiable risk factor for stroke that influences functional outcomes after inpatient stroke rehabilitation in the developed world as well as in Saudi Arabia (SA). The demand for inpatient stroke rehabilitation services increases with population aging and stroke incidence; however, these services are limited in SA. Objective: To examine functional outcomes by age after inpatient stroke rehabilitation in SA...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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