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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792543/restructuring-saudi-board-in-restorative-dentistry-sbrd-curriculum-using-canmeds-competency
#1
Bahiah Abdulaziz Al Askar, Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Ebtesam Ibrahim Al Wasill, Zubair Amin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the process of adopting the Canadian Medical Education Directions for Specialists (CanMEDS) 2015 competency framework in a dental specialty program to reconstruct the Saudi Board in Restorative Dentistry (SBRD) curriculum and disseminate the lessons learned. Method and development process: The process of curriculum development was started with the selection of SBRD curriculum committee and review of CanMEDS framework. The Committee conducted needs assessment among the stakeholders and adopted CanMEDS 2015 competencies through a careful process...
May 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789306/chronic-madura-foot-mycetoma-and-or-actinomyces-spp-or-actinomycosis
#2
Abdulaziz Al Gannass
A 58-year-old agricultural worker from a remote Western province farming community in Saudi Arabia presented with a 2-year history of right plantar foot soft tissue mass. According to the patient, the swelling had gradually increased in size over a few years, but it was painless and thus had not restricted him from continuing to farm until the lesion started to affect mobility. An MRI, microbiology and histopathology reported a rare infectious agent- Actinomyces spp, otherwise referred to as Madura foot. Three-dimensional CT aided in a preoperative surgical plan which included mass excision/debulking for this challenging lesion...
May 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788916/in-silico-exploration-of-red-sea-bacillus-genomes-for-natural-product-biosynthetic-gene-clusters
#3
Ghofran Othoum, Salim Bougouffa, Rozaimi Razali, Ameerah Bokhari, Soha Alamoudi, André Antunes, Xin Gao, Robert Hoehndorf, Stefan T Arold, Takashi Gojobori, Heribert Hirt, Ivan Mijakovic, Vladimir B Bajic, Feras F Lafi, Magbubah Essack
BACKGROUND: The increasing spectrum of multidrug-resistant bacteria is a major global public health concern, necessitating discovery of novel antimicrobial agents. Here, members of the genus Bacillus are investigated as a potentially attractive source of novel antibiotics due to their broad spectrum of antimicrobial activities. We specifically focus on a computational analysis of the distinctive biosynthetic potential of Bacillus paralicheniformis strains isolated from the Red Sea, an ecosystem exposed to adverse, highly saline and hot conditions...
May 22, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788820/injury-and-infection-in-dental-clinics-risk-factors-and-prevention
#4
Mustafa Al-Zoughool, Zaina Al-Shehri
Needlestick and sharp instrument injuries are common in dental practice and present the risk of direct exposure to blood-borne pathogens, including hepatitis B virus. This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the risk factors of injury and infection in three types of dental clinic in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. A total of 274 male and 241 female dentists completed a structured questionnaire on demographic factors, compliance with infection control practices, and past exposure to injury and infection hazards...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788378/laboratory-validation-and-field-assessment-of-petroleum-laboratory-technicians-dermal-exposure-to-crude-oil-using-a-wipe-sampling-method
#5
Karen S Galea, Will Mueller, Ayman M Arfaj, Jose L Llamas, Jennifer Buick, David Todd, Carolyn McGonagle
Crude oil may cause adverse dermal effects therefore dermal exposure is an exposure route of concern. Galea et al. (2014b) reported on a study comparing recovery (wipe) and interception (cotton glove) dermal sampling methods. The authors concluded that both methods were suitable for assessing dermal exposure to oil-based drilling fluids and crude oil but that glove samplers may overestimate the amount of fluid transferred to the skin. We describe a study which aimed to further evaluate the wipe sampling method to assess dermal exposure to crude oil, with this assessment including extended sample storage periods and sampling efficiency tests being undertaken at environmental conditions to mimic those typical of outdoor conditions in Saudi Arabia...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785161/prevalence-and-psychological-stress-in-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-among-female-dental-students-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Muhammed Ajmal, Lujain Ibrahim, Nada Mohammed, Heba Al-Qarni
Introduction: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disorder which is characterized by recurrent ulcerations mainly confined to non-keratinized oral mucosa. Though the exact etiology is imprecise, stress and anxiety were found to be linked with the onset of RAS. The present study was directed to know the prevalence of RAS among female dental students in King Khalid University, to find out the association between RAS and psychological stress and the effectiveness of Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) in finding out the psychological profile of RAS patients...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781300/quaternary-ammonium-compounds-in-roots-and-leaves-of-capparis-spinosa-l-from-saudi-arabia-and-italy-investigation-by-hplc-ms-and-1-h-nmr
#7
Amal Al-Tamimi, Mohamad Khatib, Giuseppe Pieraccini, Nadia Mulinacci
Capparis spinosa L. is a perennial plant typical of the Mediterranean flora and a multipurpose plant used for curing various human ailments. Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs), as constituents of Capparaceae, play important roles in protecting against abiotic stress. Aim of this work was to determine QACs in root and leaves of caper from two proveniences. The presence of stachydrine, choline, glycine betaine and homo-stachydrine has been confirmed by high resolution MS, while 1 H NMR was applied to quantify the main QACs in the aqueous extracts...
May 21, 2018: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780739/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-health-professionals-about-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Sameer Abdullah Althomairy, Mohammad Abdul Baseer, Mansour Assery, Abdulrahman Dahham Alsaffan
Aim and Objective: This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of practicing dental health professionals (DHPs) (dentist and dental auxiliaries) toward Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken among practicing DHPs in Saudi Arabia. A total of 202 DHPs participated in this study. Knowledge and attitude were assessed using self-administered and pretested questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779846/simulation-based-training-in-ebola-personal-protective-equipment-for-healthcare-workers-experience-from-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Jameel T Abualenain, Maha M Al-Alawi
BACKGROUND: Millions of Muslims from across the world gather annually to perform pilgrimage. This can import unusual communicable diseases such as Ebola. Communicable diseases with a high risk of mortality necessitate special training to master the required competency to avert transmission of infections. The efficacy of simulation-based training (SBT) has been shown in such circumstances. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop an SBT program in Ebola Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for all healthcare workers (HCWs)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778100/associations-of-sperm-dna-fragmentation-with-lifestyle-factors-and-semen-parameters-of-saudi-men-and-its-impact-on-icsi-outcome
#10
Basmah Al Omrani, Nadia Al Eisa, Murid Javed, Maher Al Ghedan, Hamoud Al Matrafi, Hamad Al Sufyan
BACKGROUND: Male factor infertility is quite common as 30-50% of infertility cases are due to sperm defects. The high sperm DNA fragmentation is one of the causes of male factor infertility. Many factors cause sperm DNA fragmentation and could be testicular or post-testicular. The purpose of this study was to assess relationships among sperm DNA fragmentation, lifestyle factors and semen values of Saudi men and to determine impact of sperm DNA fragmentation on ICSI cycle outcome. METHODS: The duration of this study was from January 2015 to June 2016...
May 19, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777908/breast-cancer-in-the-gcc-countries-a-focus-on-brca1-2-and-non-brca1-2-genes
#11
REVIEW
Sumaya Rahman, Hatem Zayed
The GCC is an economic alliance of six Arab countries, including Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates (UAE). The rate of endogamous marriage among the GCC countries is approaching 100%, with very high consanguineous marriage rates. Although breast cancer is on the rise in the GCC countries, there are dearth of studies reporting on the genetic epidemiology of breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the frequency of BRCA1/2 and non-BRCA1/2 mutations in breast cancer patients in the GCC countries...
May 16, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777271/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-in-a-single-saudi-centre-king-faisal-specialists-hospital-and-research-centre-an-experience-of-ten-years
#12
Omar A Al-Mohrej, Nehal A Mahabbat, Asad F Khesheaim, Nezar B Hamdi
BACKGROUND: Obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) is considered a rare, unpredictable, and unavoidable injury of the upper limb. In this study, we presented a retrospective cohort study over a period of ten years in King Faisal Specialists Hospital and Research Centre (KFSH&RC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, to assess the characteristics and functional outcomes of OBPP. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2015, we carried out 125 repairs of OBPP in KFSH&RC...
May 18, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776533/safe-driving-practices-and-factors-associated-with-motor-vehicle-collisions-among-people-with-insulin-treated-diabetes-mellitus-results-from-the-diabetes-and-driving-dad-study
#13
Turky H Almigbal, Abdullah A Alfaifi, Muath A Aleid, Baki Billah, Mohammed J Alramadan, Eman Sheshah, Turki A AlMogbel, Ghassan A Aldekhayel, Mohammed Ali Batais
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of people with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) who have discussed issues related to diabetes and driving with their health care providers (HCPs). We also sought to determine the safe driving practices that are currently employed by this group. Finally, we investigated the factors that might increase the risk of motor-vehicle collisions (MVCs) among this group in Saudi Arabia. METHOD: This cross-sectional study surveyed a representative sample of 429 current male drivers with ITDM using a structured questionnaire in Saudi Arabia...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774946/depression-and-perceived-social-support-among-saudi-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Saba Hyarat, Ekhlas Al-Gamal, Ellaine Dela Rama
PURPOSE: To examine the association between depression level and perceived social support among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational design was used with 140 patients. A self-reporting questionnaires were used. FINDINGS: The age range of the participants was 18-59 years (mean 34.3 years, SD 7.69). The mean score for reported depression was 27.5 which is considered as moderate level of depression...
May 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774137/saudi-anti-human-cancer-plants-database-sacpd-a-collection-of-plants-with-anti-human-cancer-activities
#15
Ateeq Ahmed Al-Zahrani
Several anticancer drugs have been developed from natural products such as plants. Successful experiments in inhibiting the growth of human cancer cell lines using Saudi plants were published over the last three decades. Up to date, there is no Saudi anticancer plants database as a comprehensive source for the interesting data generated from these experiments. Therefore, there was a need for creating a database to collect, organize, search and retrieve such data. As a result, the current paper describes the generation of the Saudi anti-human cancer plants database (SACPD)...
January 30, 2018: Oncology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770962/factors-influencing-arab-nursing-students-attitudes-toward-climate-change-and-environmental-sustainability-and-their-inclusion-in-nursing-curricula
#16
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Rhea Faye D Felicilda-Reynaldo, Farhan Alshammari, Nahed Alquwez, Jerico G Alicante, Khamees B Obaid, Hanan Ebrahim Abd El Aziz Rady, Mohammad Qtait, John Paul Ben T Silang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors influencing the attitudes of Bachelor of Science in Nursing students toward climate change and environmental sustainability and the inclusion of these concepts in the nursing curricula of four Arab countries. METHOD: A convenience sample of 1,059 students from four Arab countries was surveyed using the Environmental Sustainability Attitudes in Nursing Survey-2 (SANS-2) questionnaire in this descriptive-comparative study. RESULTS: The majority of the respondents exhibited positive attitudes toward the five items of SANS-2, with "Environmental sustainability is an important issue for nursing" receiving the lowest mean score and "Issues about climate change should be included in the nursing curriculum" receiving the highest mean score...
May 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770340/diabetes-related-distress-assessment-among-type-2-diabetes-patients
#17
Majed O Aljuaid, Abdulmajeed M Almutairi, Mohammed A Assiri, Dhifallah M Almalki, Khaled Alswat
Background and Objectives: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases; it is a debilitating and hard to live with. Diabetes-related distress (DRD) refers to the emotional and behavioral changes caused by diabetes. Our study aims to assess the prevalence of DRD among type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients using Diabetes Distress Scale-17 items (DDS-17) and its relation to complications and treatment modalities. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adult T2D patients with follow-up visits at the Diabetes and Endocrinology Center in Taif, Saudi Arabia, between January and July 2017...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767761/significance-of-hbv-nat-among-hbs-antigen-negative-blood-donors-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Nessrin Ghazi Alabdallat, Abdul Aziz A Bin Dukhyil
Background: Bloodborne hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission from asymptomatic donors with acute HBV infections who have undetectable surface antigen of HBV (HBsAg), or from donors with chronic infections in whom serological markers were not detected, could cause residual infections leading to relevant transfusion-transmitted infections (RTTIs). HBV nucleic acid testing (NAT) can detect HBV DNA in the HBsAg-negative and total hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc)-negative window period of infection and in chronic cases...
May 15, 2018: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765916/an-assessment-of-job-satisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study-among-orthodontists-of-saudi-arabia
#19
Nasser D Alqahtani, Khaled Alshehry, Saad Alateeq, Hammad Alturki, Sahar Albarakati, Moshabab A Asiry, Muhammad S Ahmedani
AIM OF THE STUDY: The main objective of the present study was to investigate the level of job satisfaction among professional orthodontists in relation to some significant intrinsic and extrinsic factors that generally affect their performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among orthodontists working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia using an online survey questionnaire through Survey Monkey. A total of 161 responses were received; among those, 57...
2018: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765424/public-awareness-on-cord-blood-banking-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Dunia Jawdat, Sulaiman AlTwijri, Hadeel AlSemari, Mayssa Saade, Ahmed Alaskar
Background: In the last decade, cord blood (CB) has proven to be a valuable source of hematopoietic stem cells for transplantation to treat many hematological disorders. Since then, many CB banks have been established worldwide. Our aim was to estimate the level of public awareness of CB banking in Saudi Arabia. Study Design and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire of 22 multiple choices was conveniently distributed, consisting of demographics, awareness measure, attitude toward banking preference, and donation for research data...
2018: Stem Cells International
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