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Saliha Memiş, Fatih Tornuk, Fatih Bozkurt, M Zeki Durak
In the present work, fenugreek seed gum (FSG)/clay nanocomposite films were prepared with nanoclays (Na(+) montmorillonite [MMT], halloysite [HNT] and Nanomer(®) I.44 P [NM]) at different amounts (0, 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5g clay/100g FSG) by solution casting method and characterized. Increasing amount of nanoclay significantly (P<0.05) improved oxygen barrier and thermal properties of the biodegradable films. Agar diffusion tests revealed that FSG based nanocomposite films exhibited strong antimicrobial properties against foodborne pathogens namely Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus independently of clay type and concentration...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
D M Escala, A P Muñuzuri, A De Wit, J Carballido-Landeira
The Formaldehyde-Sulfite (FS) and the Formaldehyde-Sulfite-Gluconolactone (FSG) systems are examples of complex chemical reactions accompanied by well-controlled variations in pH. While the FS system exhibits a clock behavior, in the FSG reaction, this mechanism is coupled with the hydrolysis of the gluconolactone which gives the possibility to show large temporal oscillations of pH in an open reactor. In this work, we show how these reactive systems, due to their organic nature, can be coupled with pH sensitive polymers, particularly with polyacrylic acid (PAA) to trigger temporal changes of viscosity...
May 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
F Duffaud, P Meeus, F Bertucci, J-B Delhorme, E Stoeckle, N Isambert, E Bompas, J Gagniere, O Bouché, M Toulmonde, S Salas, J-Y Blay, S Bonvalot
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal GIST (ESOGIST) are very rare tumours requiring special consideration regarding diagnosis, surgical management, and perioperative treatment. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted across 9 centres in the French Sarcoma Group (FSG) to characterize all patients in the years 2000-2014. RESULTS: Seventeen patients (pts) with primary localized ESOGIST were identified, with median age 69 years (36-81) and 11 females...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Tao Huang, Zong-Cai Tu, Hui Wang, Wei Liu, Lu Zhang, Yan Zhang, Xin-Chen ShangGuan
In this study, microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) and pectin were compared to modify bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) scale gelatin. The functional properties of modified fish scales gelatin (FSG) were largely improved, including melting temperature and rheological behavior. While, modification methods decreased the triple-helix content and destroyed the single left-hand helix chain of modified FSG as investigated by X-ray diffraction. MTGase could induce the denser and finer gels network, but had none significant effect on nanostructural properties of fish gelatin...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ting Yu, Li Zhao, Xin Huang, Meilian Xie, Xiangli Wang, Chanjuan Ma, Yixin Xu, Yixiong Wang, Baoyi Xie, Gang Luo, Jincai Zhang, Dongying Xuan
BACKGROUND: Post-operative weight loss (POWL) is expected to occur in combined models of obesity and periodontitis. This study explored the confounding effects of POWL on the impacts of ligation-induced periodontitis on glucose and lipid metabolism in obese animals. METHODS: Combined mouse models of diet-induced obesity (DIO) and ligation-induced periodontitis (5- or 10-day ligation) were studied. Fasting serum glucose (FSG), insulin (Fins) and lipids including triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and low- (LDLC) and high- (HDLC) density lipoprotein cholesterol were detected via biochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Ghazaleh Hajiluian, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Leila Jahangiry
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between Mediterranean dietary pattern, anthropometric and metabolic biomarkers and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) +405 G/C gene polymorphism in patient with metabolic syndrome (Mets). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 150 patients with Mets and 50 healthy subjects were enrolled. Dietary intakes were evaluated with a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and Mediterranean dietary quality index (Med-DQI) was assessed...
2017: PloS One
David Rodríguez-Rosell, Julio Torres-Torrelo, Felipe Franco-Márquez, José Manuel González-Suárez, Juan José González-Badillo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of combined light-load maximal lifting velocity weight training (WT) and plyometric training (PT) with WT alone on strength, jump and sprint performance in semiprofessional soccer players. DESIGN: Experimental, pre-post tests measures. METHODS: Thirty adult soccer players were randomly assigned into three groups: WT alone (FSG, n=10), WT combined to jump and sprint exercises (COM, n=10) and control group (CG, n=10)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Afrooz Javidi, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ali Dehghani, Mohammad Hassan Eftekhari
BACKGROUND: Designing the effective and early interventions can prevent progression of prediabetes to diabetes. Few studies have shown the effect of flaxseed on glycemic control. This study aimed to assess the effect of flaxseed powder on insulin resistance (IR) indices and blood pressure in prediabetic individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 99 prediabetic individuals were randomly divided into three groups: two groups received 40 g (FG40) and 20 g (FG20) flaxseed powder daily for 12 weeks and the third group was the control (CG)...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Chun Xiao, Qingping Wu, Jumei Zhang, Yizhen Xie, Wen Cai, Jianbin Tan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ganoderma lucidum (Lin Zhi) has been used to treat diabetes in Chinese folk for centuries. Our laboratory previously demonstrated that Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLPs) had hypoglycemic effects in diabetic mice. Our aim was to identify the main bioactives in GLPs and corresponding mechanism of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four polysaccharide-enriched fraction were isolated from GLPs and the antidiabetic activities were evaluated by type 2 diabetic mice...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Tao Huang, Zong-Cai Tu, Hui Wang, Xinchen Shangguan, Lu Zhang, Nan-Hai Zhang, Nidhi Bansal
The rheological behavior, gel properties and nanostructure of complex modified fish scales gelatin (FSG) by pectin and microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) were investigated. The findings suggested that MTGase and pectin have positive effect on the gelation point, melting point, apparent viscosity and gel properties of FSG. The highest values of gel strength and melting temperature could be observed at 0.8% (w/v) pectin. Nevertheless, at highest pectin concentration (1.6% w/v), the gel strength and melting temperature of complex modified gelatin gels decreased...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Md Kawser Ahmed, Mohammad Abdul Baki, Goutam Kumar Kundu, Md Saiful Islam, Md Monirul Islam, Md Muzammel Hossain
Heavy metals are known to cause deleterious effects on human health through food chain. Human health risks were evaluated from consumption of heavy metal contaminated fish from Buriganga River in Bangladesh. Whole body of five fish species (Puntius ticto, Puntius sophore, Puntius chola, Labeo rohita and Glossogobius giuris) were analyzed which contained various concentrations of Cd, As, Pb, Cr, Ni, Zn, Se, Cu, Mo, Mn, Sb, Ba, V and Ag. Concentrations of Mn, Zn, Se and Pb in all fish species were above the Food Safety Guideline (FSG) by WHO/FAO...
2016: SpringerPlus
Peter P Toth, Alberico L Catapano, Michel Farnier, Joanne Foody, Joanne E Tomassini, Erin Jensen, Adam B Polis, Mary E Hanson, Thomas A Musliner, Andrew M Tershakovec
Statin therapy is associated with a slightly increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance in patients without diabetes. Ezetimibe combined with statins may be considered for high-risk patients who do not achieve optimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering on statin monotherapy or who are statin intolerant. Changes in fasting serum glucose (FSG) levels during ezetimibe, ezetimibe/statin, and statin treatments were assessed using data pooled from clinical trials in hypercholesterolemic and heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemic patients, who were or were not receiving statin therapy...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Rasha Elhesha, Tamer Kahveci
BACKGROUND: Biological networks provide great potential to understand how cells function. Network motifs, frequent topological patterns, are key structures through which biological networks operate. Finding motifs in biological networks remains to be computationally challenging task as the size of the motif and the underlying network grow. Often, different copies of a given motif topology in a network share nodes or edges. Counting such overlapping copies introduces significant problems in motif identification...
October 6, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
Mousumi Chatterjee, Bhavya Srivastava, Milan K Barman, Bhabatosh Mandal
A time-cost effective, chemically stable mesoporous resin (FSG-PAN), simultaneous binder of two different metal centers (both high (Cd(II)) and low (Tl(I)) oxidation states), has been synthesized by immobilizing azo-dye (1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-napthol: PAN) on functionalized silica gel (FSG). Its corresponding synthesized nano material possesses good luminescent properties, and has been utilized in fluoride sensing at trace levels (1.8 × 10(-6) - 7.2 × 10(-6) M). The composition ({Si[OSi]p=4[H2O]x=0.81}12[-Si(CH3)2-NH-C6H4-N=N-PAN]4...
2016: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Yon Ho Jee, Sun Ju Lee, Keum Ji Jung, Sun Ha Jee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that alcohol intake is associated with increased fasting serum glucose (FSG), but the nature of the relationship remains unknown. We used Mendelian randomization analysis to assess the causal effect of alcohol intake on FSG in a middle-aged Korean population. METHODS: Clinical data including FSG and alcohol intake were collected from 156,386 Koreans aged 20 years or older who took part in the Korean Cancer Prevention Study-II (KCPS-II) Biobank Cohort...
2016: PloS One
Hatidza Zaganjor, Katherine Bishop Kendrick, Amy Lowry Warnock, Stephen Onufrak, Laurie P Whitsel, Julie Ralston Aoki, Joel Kimmons
PURPOSE: Food service guideline (FSG) policies can impact millions of daily meals sold or provided to government employees, patrons, and institutionalized persons. This study describes a classification tool to assess FSG policy attributes and uses it to rate FSG policies. DESIGN: Quantitative content analysis. SETTING: State government facilities in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were from 50 states and District of Columbia in the United States...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani, Zahra Sadeghi, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Soodabeh Aliashrafi
BACKGROUND: Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) is reported to improve dyslipidemia and hypertension; however, its effect on inflammatory biomarkers and insulin resistance has not been noticed thus far. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as a hepatic symptom of metabolic syndrome is strongly associated with insulin resistance and inflammation. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the current interventional trial, we aimed to study the effects of C. vulgaris supplementation on glucose homeostasis, insulin resistance and inflammatory biomarkers in patients with NAFLD...
July 19, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Shinta Nishioka, Takatsugu Okamoto, Masako Takayama, Maki Urushihara, Misuzu Watanabe, Yumiko Kiriya, Keiko Shintani, Hiromi Nakagomi, Noriko Kageyama
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Whether malnutrition risk correlates with recovery of swallowing function of convalescent stroke patients is unknown. This study was conducted to clarify whether malnutrition risks predict achievement of full oral intake in convalescent stroke patients undergoing enteral nutrition. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of 466 convalescent stroke patients, aged 65 years or over, who were undergoing enteral nutrition. Patients were extracted from the "Algorithm for Post-stroke Patients to improve oral intake Level; APPLE" study database compiled at the Kaifukuki (convalescent) rehabilitation wards...
July 6, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Harkamaljot Singh Kandail, Mohamad Hamady, Xiao Yun Xu
The aim of this study was to assess the hemodynamic performance of a patient-specific fenestrated stent graft (FSG) under different physiological conditions, including normal resting, hypertension, and hypertension with moderate lower limb exercise. A patient-specific FSG model was constructed from computed tomography images and was discretized into a fine unstructured mesh comprising tetrahedral and prism elements. Blood flow was simulated using Navier-Stokes equations, and physiologically realistic boundary conditions were utilized to yield clinically relevant results...
2016: Frontiers in Surgery
Yun-Mi Song, Joohon Sung, Kayoung Lee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate genetic and environmental relations between change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and changes in cardiometabolic factors. METHODS: In 1772 Korean adults without diabetes and chronic kidney disease at baseline, changes in eGFR using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation, blood pressure (BP), fasting serum glucose (FSG), insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), hemoglobin A1c, triglycerides, high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL and LDL), uric acid, white blood cell (WBC) count, and body mass index (BMI) were calculated as follows: (value at follow-up - value at baseline) × 100/[value at baseline × follow-up interval (years)]...
June 23, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
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