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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718883/gelation-kinetics-and-characterization-of-enzymatically-enhanced-fish-scales-gelatin-pectin-coacervate
#1
Tao Huang, Zong-Cai Tu, Xinchen Shangguan, Hui Wang, Hainan-Zhang, Lu Zhang, Xiaomei Sha
BACKGROUND: Protein - polysaccharide complex coacervations have been considered extensively for the development of functional foods. The main problem of the complex coacervates is high unstable under different conditions and that cross-linking is necessary to stabilize them. In this study, the effects of pectin at different concentrations on the gel and structural properties of fish scales gelatin (FSG) - high methoxyl citrus pectin (HMP) coacervate enhanced by microbial-transglutanminase (MTGase) were studied...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715269/fsg-fast-string-graph-construction-for-de-novo-assembly
#2
Paola Bonizzoni, Gianluca Della Vedova, Yuri Pirola, Marco Previtali, Raffaella Rizzi
The string graph for a collection of next-generation reads is a lossless data representation that is fundamental for de novo assemblers based on the overlap-layout-consensus paradigm. In this article, we explore a novel approach to compute the string graph, based on the FM-index and Burrows and Wheeler Transform. We describe a simple algorithm that uses only the FM-index representation of the collection of reads to construct the string graph, without accessing the input reads. Our algorithm has been integrated into the string graph assembler (SGA) as a standalone module to construct the string graph...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Computational Biology: a Journal of Computational Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706613/major-components-of-metabolic-parameters-and-nutritional-intakes-in-different-genotypes-of-adiponectin-276-g-t-gene-polymorphism-in-non-diabetes-and-non-alcoholic-iranian-fatty-liver-patients
#3
Fatemeh Mohseni, Sahar Moghbelinejad, Reza Najafipour
BACKGROUND: Genetic and environmental factors are both involved in the etiology of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Among the genetic factors, certain polymorphisms of adiponectin gene are associated with NAFLD. In the current study, we investigated the association between metabolic parameters with different genotypes of adiponectin +276 G>T polymorphism among the Iranian NAFLD patients, and the effect of nutritional intake with development of NAFLD. METHODS: In this study, 75 patients with NAFLD and 76 healthy individuals were enrolled...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687388/flaxseed-gum-in-combination-with-lemongrass-essential-oil-as-an-effective-edible-coating-for-ready-to-eat-pomegranate-arils
#4
Basharat Yousuf, Abhaya Kumar Srivastava
Flaxseed gum (FSG) in combination with lemongrass essential oil (LGEO) was investigated for coating of ready-to-eat pomegranate arils. FSG was used at 0.3% and 0.6% concentrations and with both concentrations LGEO was incorporated at levels of 0ppm, 200ppm, 500ppm and 800ppm. Changes in headspace gases, physicochemical, microbiological and sensory attributes of pomegranate arils stored at 5°C were studied on different days of analysis during the 12day storage period. Coatings containing LGEO were effective in reducing total plate count and yeast and mold populations...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536016/production-and-characterization-of-a-new-biodegradable-fenugreek-seed-gum-based-active-nanocomposite-film-reinforced-with-nanoclays
#5
Saliha Memiş, Fatih Tornuk, Fatih Bozkurt, M Zeki Durak
In the present work, fenugreek seed gum (FSG)/clay nanocomposite films were prepared with nanoclays (Na(+) montmorillonite [MMT], halloysite [HNT] and Nanomer(®) I.44 P [NM]) at different amounts (0, 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5g clay/100g FSG) by solution casting method and characterized. Increasing amount of nanoclay significantly (P<0.05) improved oxygen barrier and thermal properties of the biodegradable films. Agar diffusion tests revealed that FSG based nanocomposite films exhibited strong antimicrobial properties against foodborne pathogens namely Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus independently of clay type and concentration...
May 20, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440385/temporal-viscosity-modulations-driven-by-a-ph-sensitive-polymer-coupled-to-a-ph-changing-chemical-reaction
#6
D M Escala, A P Muñuzuri, A De Wit, J Carballido-Landeira
The Formaldehyde-Sulfite (FS) and the Formaldehyde-Sulfite-Gluconolactone (FSG) systems are examples of complex chemical reactions accompanied by well-controlled variations in pH. While the FS system exhibits a clock behavior, in the FSG reaction, this mechanism is coupled with the hydrolysis of the gluconolactone which gives the possibility to show large temporal oscillations of pH in an open reactor. In this work, we show how these reactive systems, due to their organic nature, can be coupled with pH sensitive polymers, particularly with polyacrylic acid (PAA) to trigger temporal changes of viscosity...
May 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433494/patterns-of-care-and-clinical-outcomes-in-primary-oesophageal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumours-gist-a-retrospective-study-of-the-french-sarcoma-group-fsg
#7
F Duffaud, P Meeus, F Bertucci, J-B Delhorme, E Stoeckle, N Isambert, E Bompas, J Gagniere, O Bouché, M Toulmonde, S Salas, J-Y Blay, S Bonvalot
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal GIST (ESOGIST) are very rare tumours requiring special consideration regarding diagnosis, surgical management, and perioperative treatment. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted across 9 centres in the French Sarcoma Group (FSG) to characterize all patients in the years 2000-2014. RESULTS: Seventeen patients (pts) with primary localized ESOGIST were identified, with median age 69 years (36-81) and 11 females...
June 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416876/comparison-of-rheological-behaviors-and-nanostructure-of-bighead-carp-scales-gelatin-modified-by-different-modification-methods
#8
Tao Huang, Zong-Cai Tu, Hui Wang, Wei Liu, Lu Zhang, Yan Zhang, Xin-Chen ShangGuan
In this study, microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) and pectin were compared to modify bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) scale gelatin. The functional properties of modified fish scales gelatin (FSG) were largely improved, including melting temperature and rheological behavior. While, modification methods decreased the triple-helix content and destroyed the single left-hand helix chain of modified FSG as investigated by X-ray diffraction. MTGase could induce the denser and finer gels network, but had none significant effect on nanostructural properties of fish gelatin...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394188/post-operative-weight-loss-masks-the-metabolic-impacts-of-periodontitis-in-obese-rodents
#9
Ting Yu, Li Zhao, Xin Huang, Meilian Xie, Xiangli Wang, Chanjuan Ma, Yixin Xu, Yixiong Wang, Baoyi Xie, Gang Luo, Jincai Zhang, Dongying Xuan
BACKGROUND: Post-operative weight loss (POWL) is expected to occur in combined models of obesity and periodontitis. This study explored the confounding effects of POWL on the impacts of ligation-induced periodontitis on glucose and lipid metabolism in obese animals. METHODS: Combined mouse models of diet-induced obesity (DIO) and ligation-induced periodontitis (5- or 10-day ligation) were studied. Fasting serum glucose (FSG), insulin (Fins) and lipids including triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and low- (LDLC) and high- (HDLC) density lipoprotein cholesterol were detected via biochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212431/mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-vegf-405-g-c-gene-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-an-aspect-of-gene-nutrient-interaction
#10
Ghazaleh Hajiluian, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Leila Jahangiry
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between Mediterranean dietary pattern, anthropometric and metabolic biomarkers and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) +405 G/C gene polymorphism in patient with metabolic syndrome (Mets). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 150 patients with Mets and 50 healthy subjects were enrolled. Dietary intakes were evaluated with a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and Mediterranean dietary quality index (Med-DQI) was assessed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169153/effects-of-light-load-maximal-lifting-velocity-weight-training-vs-combined-weight-training-and-plyometrics-on-sprint-vertical-jump-and-strength-performance-in-adult-soccer-players
#11
David Rodríguez-Rosell, Julio Torres-Torrelo, Felipe Franco-Márquez, José Manuel González-Suárez, Juan José González-Badillo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of combined light-load maximal lifting velocity weight training (WT) and plyometric training (PT) with WT alone on strength, jump and sprint performance in semiprofessional soccer players. DESIGN: Experimental, pre-post tests measures. METHODS: Thirty adult soccer players were randomly assigned into three groups: WT alone (FSG, n=10), WT combined to jump and sprint exercises (COM, n=10) and control group (CG, n=10)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904615/the-effect-of-flaxseed-powder-on-insulin-resistance-indices-and-blood-pressure-in-prediabetic-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Afrooz Javidi, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ali Dehghani, Mohammad Hassan Eftekhari
BACKGROUND: Designing the effective and early interventions can prevent progression of prediabetes to diabetes. Few studies have shown the effect of flaxseed on glycemic control. This study aimed to assess the effect of flaxseed powder on insulin resistance (IR) indices and blood pressure in prediabetic individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 99 prediabetic individuals were randomly divided into three groups: two groups received 40 g (FG40) and 20 g (FG20) flaxseed powder daily for 12 weeks and the third group was the control (CG)...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902927/antidiabetic-activity-of-ganoderma-lucidum-polysaccharides-f31-down-regulated-hepatic-glucose-regulatory-enzymes-in-diabetic-mice
#13
Chun Xiao, Qingping Wu, Jumei Zhang, Yizhen Xie, Wen Cai, Jianbin Tan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ganoderma lucidum (Lin Zhi) has been used to treat diabetes in Chinese folk for centuries. Our laboratory previously demonstrated that Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides (GLPs) had hypoglycemic effects in diabetic mice. Our aim was to identify the main bioactives in GLPs and corresponding mechanism of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four polysaccharide-enriched fraction were isolated from GLPs and the antidiabetic activities were evaluated by type 2 diabetic mice...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842826/pectin-and-enzyme-complex-modified-fish-scales-gelatin-rheological-behavior-gel-properties-and-nanostructure
#14
Tao Huang, Zong-Cai Tu, Hui Wang, Xinchen Shangguan, Lu Zhang, Nan-Hai Zhang, Nidhi Bansal
The rheological behavior, gel properties and nanostructure of complex modified fish scales gelatin (FSG) by pectin and microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) were investigated. The findings suggested that MTGase and pectin have positive effect on the gelation point, melting point, apparent viscosity and gel properties of FSG. The highest values of gel strength and melting temperature could be observed at 0.8% (w/v) pectin. Nevertheless, at highest pectin concentration (1.6% w/v), the gel strength and melting temperature of complex modified gelatin gels decreased...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757369/human-health-risks-from-heavy-metals-in-fish-of-buriganga-river-bangladesh
#15
Md Kawser Ahmed, Mohammad Abdul Baki, Goutam Kumar Kundu, Md Saiful Islam, Md Monirul Islam, Md Muzammel Hossain
Heavy metals are known to cause deleterious effects on human health through food chain. Human health risks were evaluated from consumption of heavy metal contaminated fish from Buriganga River in Bangladesh. Whole body of five fish species (Puntius ticto, Puntius sophore, Puntius chola, Labeo rohita and Glossogobius giuris) were analyzed which contained various concentrations of Cd, As, Pb, Cr, Ni, Zn, Se, Cu, Mo, Mn, Sb, Ba, V and Ag. Concentrations of Mn, Zn, Se and Pb in all fish species were above the Food Safety Guideline (FSG) by WHO/FAO...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756478/effect-on-fasting-serum-glucose-levels-of-adding-ezetimibe-to-statins-in-patients-with-nondiabetic-hypercholesterolemia
#16
Peter P Toth, Alberico L Catapano, Michel Farnier, Joanne Foody, Joanne E Tomassini, Erin Jensen, Adam B Polis, Mary E Hanson, Thomas A Musliner, Andrew M Tershakovec
Statin therapy is associated with a slightly increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance in patients without diabetes. Ezetimibe combined with statins may be considered for high-risk patients who do not achieve optimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol lowering on statin monotherapy or who are statin intolerant. Changes in fasting serum glucose (FSG) levels during ezetimibe, ezetimibe/statin, and statin treatments were assessed using data pooled from clinical trials in hypercholesterolemic and heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemic patients, who were or were not receiving statin therapy...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716036/identification-of-large-disjoint-motifs-in-biological-networks
#17
Rasha Elhesha, Tamer Kahveci
BACKGROUND: Biological networks provide great potential to understand how cells function. Network motifs, frequent topological patterns, are key structures through which biological networks operate. Finding motifs in biological networks remains to be computationally challenging task as the size of the motif and the underlying network grow. Often, different copies of a given motif topology in a network share nodes or edges. Counting such overlapping copies introduces significant problems in motif identification...
October 6, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682405/facile-synthesis-of-a-luminescent-material-pan-sio2-n-having-a-simultaneous-binding-capacity-of-high-and-low-oxidation-states-homo-and-lumo-quantum-mechanical-descriptor-of-break-through-capacity
#18
Mousumi Chatterjee, Bhavya Srivastava, Milan K Barman, Bhabatosh Mandal
A time-cost effective, chemically stable mesoporous resin (FSG-PAN), simultaneous binder of two different metal centers (both high (Cd(II)) and low (Tl(I)) oxidation states), has been synthesized by immobilizing azo-dye (1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-napthol: PAN) on functionalized silica gel (FSG). Its corresponding synthesized nano material possesses good luminescent properties, and has been utilized in fluoride sensing at trace levels (1.8 × 10(-6) - 7.2 × 10(-6) M). The composition ({Si[OSi]p=4[H2O]x=0.81}12[-Si(CH3)2-NH-C6H4-N=N-PAN]4...
2016: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632197/alcohol-intake-and-serum-glucose-levels-from-the-perspective-of-a-mendelian-randomization-design-the-kcps-ii-biobank
#19
Yon Ho Jee, Sun Ju Lee, Keum Ji Jung, Sun Ha Jee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that alcohol intake is associated with increased fasting serum glucose (FSG), but the nature of the relationship remains unknown. We used Mendelian randomization analysis to assess the causal effect of alcohol intake on FSG in a middle-aged Korean population. METHODS: Clinical data including FSG and alcohol intake were collected from 156,386 Koreans aged 20 years or older who took part in the Korean Cancer Prevention Study-II (KCPS-II) Biobank Cohort...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630113/food-service-guideline-policies-on-state-government-controlled-properties
#20
Hatidza Zaganjor, Katherine Bishop Kendrick, Amy Lowry Warnock, Stephen Onufrak, Laurie P Whitsel, Julie Ralston Aoki, Joel Kimmons
PURPOSE: Food service guideline (FSG) policies can impact millions of daily meals sold or provided to government employees, patrons, and institutionalized persons. This study describes a classification tool to assess FSG policy attributes and uses it to rate FSG policies. DESIGN: Quantitative content analysis. SETTING: State government facilities in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were from 50 states and District of Columbia in the United States...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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