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Maxillofacial trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142872/isolated-tympanic-plate-fracture-detected-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography-report-of-four-cases-with-review-of-literature
#1
Ashita Ritesh Kalaskar, Ritesh Kalaskar
The tympanic plate is a small part of the temporal bone that separates the mandibular condyle from the external auditory canal. Fracture of this small plate is rare and usually associated with other bony fractures, mainly temporal and mandibular bone. There is a limited amount of literature on this subject, which increases the chance of cases being overlooked by physicians and radiologists. This is further supported by purely isolated cases of tympanic plate fracture without evidence of other bony fractures...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134161/pneumatization-patterns-of-the-petrous-apex-and-lateral-sphenoid-recess
#2
Alexander Malone, Margherita Bruni, Robert Wong, Mark Tabor, K Paul Boyev
Introduction  The petrous apex poses a challenge for surgical intervention due to poor access. As intraoperative image guidance and surgical instrumentation improve, newer endoscopic approaches are increasingly favored. This study aims to provide normative data on the anatomy of the lateral sphenoid sinus recess and petrous apex. These normative data could assist in determining the efficacy of a transnasal transsphenoidal approach to lesions of the anteroinferior petrous apex. Methods  This is a retrospective study investigating normative data on all maxillofacial computed tomography (CT) scans performed at a level I trauma center over a 6-month period...
December 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132582/airway-management-in-trauma
#3
REVIEW
George Kovacs, Nicholas Sowers
Airway management in the trauma patient presents numerous unique challenges beyond placement of an endotracheal tube and outcomes are dependent on the provider's ability to anticipate difficulty. Airway management strategies for the care of the polytrauma patient are reviewed, with specific considerations for those presenting with traumatic brain injury, suspected c-spine injury, the contaminated airway, the agitated trauma patient, maxillofacial trauma, and the traumatized airway. An approach to airway management that considers the potential anatomic and physiologic challenges in caring for these complicated trauma patients is presented...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132490/rehabilitation-of-a-complex-oro-facial-defect-by-modified-prosthetic-approach
#4
Saumyendra V Singh, Himanshi Aggarwal, Vinit Shah, Pradeep Kumar, Deeksha Arya
Loss of part of the face is associated with physical disability, social isolation and immense psychological trauma. Proper rehabilitation of such a patient is a challenging yet satisfying task for a maxillofacial prosthodontist. Facial prostheses are commonly fabricated of silicone because of many favorable properties, though it predisposes to fungal growth.This report is of a patient with history of uncontrolled diabetes and associated invasive fungal infection, leading to a complex oro-facial defect, which was rehabilitated successfully with a silicone facial prosthesis lined by a material more resistant to fungal growth along with a cast partial obturator...
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109835/anterior-submandibular-approach-for-transmylohyoid-endotracheal-intubation-a-reappraisal-with-prospective-study-in-206-cases-of-craniomaxillofacial-fractures
#5
Nitin Bhola, Anendd Jadhav, Atul Kala, Rahul Deshmukh, Umesh Bhutekar, G S V Prasad
Despite a paradigm shift in anesthesia and trauma airway management, the craniomaxillofacial fracture (CMF) patients continue to pose a challenge. A prospective study was planned between April 2007 and March 2015 to investigate the safety, efficacy, utility, and complications of anterior submandibular approach for transmylohyoid intubation (TMI) in CMFs using an armored endotracheal tube (ETT). Out of 1,207 maxillofacial trauma cases reported, this study recruited 206 patients (152 males and 54 females) aged between 21 and 60 years...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105487/high-pitch-dual-source-paranasal-sinus-ct-in-agitated-patients-with-maxillofacial-trauma-analysis-of-image-quality-motion-artifacts-and-dose-aspects
#6
Claudia Frellesen, Julian L Wichmann, Patricia Tischendorf, Jan-Erik Scholtz, Martin Beeres, Thomas J Vogl, Ralf W Bauer
Background Image quality benefits from high-pitch scanning in agitated patients by reducing acquisition time. Purpose To compare image quality and exposure parameters in patients with maxillofacial trauma on second- and third-generation dual-source computed tomography (DSCT). Material and Methods Four groups were compared. Group 1 was examined on second-generation DSCT (120 kV/50 mAs, pitch 3.0). The other three groups were examined on third-generation DSCT. Group 2 was scanned with 120 kV/50 mAs, pitch 2...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101582/most-cited-publications-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-bibliometric-analysis
#7
Nawaf Aslam-Pervez, Joshua E Lubek
BACKGROUND: Citation is one of the most important forms of acknowledgment and recognition received by our peers in academia. This study identifies and characterizes the current topmost highly cited publications in journals specifically dedicated to the specialty. The purpose of this study is to identify, using the citation count, works that have made key contributions in the field and to provide insight into the direction the specialty has taken in the last 30 years. METHODS: Four journals that were dedicated to the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) were selected...
November 4, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095175/orbital-floor-fractures
#8
Denise R Ramponi, Terri Astorino, Colleen R Bessetti-Barrett
The orbital bones are thin and exposed, making the orbital walls vulnerable to fractures. The floor of the orbit is the weakest portion of this 4-sided pyramid structure. Blunt force trauma is the primary mechanism of injury in young men between the ages of 18 and 30 years. Computerized tomography is the primary imaging technique to diagnose orbital fractures. Conservative versus surgical management is determined by maxillofacial and ophthalmology specialists.
October 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093979/respiratory-epithelium-lined-cyst-of-the-maxilla-differential-diagnosis
#9
C P Martinelli-Kläy, S Chatelain, F Salvado, T Lombardi
Maxillary cysts, including the cysts lined by respiratory epithelium, can present a diagnostic challenge. We report an unusual case of a maxillary cyst on an endodontically treated tooth #16, in which the cavity was totally lined by a respiratory epithelium. The patient, a 35-year-old male, presented with a generalized chronic periodontitis and complained of a pain in the tooth #16 region. A periodontal pocket extending to the root apices with pus coming out from the gingival was found. A combined endodontic periodontal was observed on a panoramic radiography...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093554/the-prevalence-of-double-eyelid-and-the-3d-measurement-of-orbital-soft-tissue-in-malays-and-chinese
#10
Ting Yin Lu, Kathreena Kadir, Wei Cheong Ngeow, Siti Adibah Othman
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of double eyelid among two main Mongoloid ethnicities, the Malays and Chinese who reside in Malaysia. We also measured their periorbital tissue parameters for application in anthropology, optometry, ophthalmology, oculoplastic surgery and maxillofacial trauma surgery. The images of the 103 Malay and 97 Chinese volunteers were captured using indirect 3D photogrammetry, and quantitative measurement was obtained using the software provided by the manufacturer. All Malays and 70...
November 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054310/etiology-diagnosis-and-demographic-analysis-of-maxillofacial-trauma-in-elderly-persons-a-10-year-investigation
#11
Anna Paula da Rosa Possebon, Gabriela Granke, Fernanda Faot, Luciana de Rezende Pinto, Fábio Renato Manzolli Leite, Marcos Antonio Torriani
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate etiologies and diagnoses of maxillofacial trauma in emergency services in Brazil over a period of 10 years. Additionally, associations among sex, age, accident location, and dependent variables were analyzed. Understanding the epidemiology of trauma and the physiology of aging is important in maintaining health and bettering service for the elderly population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The primary mode of investigation was analysis of medical records from 2003 to 2013...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043245/intentional-partial-odontectomy-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#12
Hyun-Suk Kim, Pil-Young Yun, Young-Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND: The surgical extraction of the third molar is the most frequently encountered procedure in oral and maxillofacial surgery and is related with a variety of complications. This study examined the efficacy of intentional partial odontectomy (IPO) in the third molars which have no periapical lesions and are located near important anatomical structures such as inferior alveolar nerve. METHODS: Seven patients (four males, three females, 39.1 ± 11.6 years), who received IPO to reduce the risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury (IANI), were followed long-term...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038626/maxillofacial-injuries-in-women-a-retrospective-study-of-10%C3%A2-years
#13
Sudhir Ramisetty, Rajasekhar Gaddipati, Nandagopal Vura, Satheesh Pokala, Sheetal Kapse
INTRODUCTION: Diversities exists in incidence, etiology and epidemiology of facial fractures among male and female individuals due to various reasons. Many of the epidemiological studies published during the millennium have shown male predilection. This study was carried to evaluate the etiology, patterns and distribution of facial fractures among different age groups in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This Retrospective epidemiological study dealt with a total of 302 women with 422 fractures in maxillofacial region during a period of June 1st 2005 to May 31st 2015 at Mamata Dental College and Hospital, Khammam, Telangana, India...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025670/bone-regeneration-biomaterials-as-local-delivery-systems-with-improved-osteoinductive-properties
#14
REVIEW
Victor Martin, Ana Bettencourt
Bone is a mineralized conjunctive tissue, with a unique trauma healing capability. However, the replacement or regeneration of lost bone is not always successful and becomes more difficult the wider the bone defect. A significant growth in the demand for orthopedic and maxillofacial surgical procedures as a result of population aging and increase in chronic diseases as diabetes is a fact and successful approaches for bone regeneration are still needed. Until today, autogenous bone graft continues to be the best solution even with important limitations, as quantity and the requirement of a donator area...
January 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019579/epidemiological-study-of-facial-fractures-at-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-service-santa-casa-de-misericordia-hospital-complex-porto-alegre-rs-brazil
#15
Rodrigo Andrighetti Zamboni, João Carlos Birnfeld Wagner, Maurício Roth Volkweis, Eduardo Luis Gerhardt, Elissa Muller Buchmann, Caren Serra Bavaresco
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. METHODS: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. RESULTS: the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987223/controversies-in-maxillofacial-trauma
#16
REVIEW
Daniel J Meara, Lewis C Jones
Craniomaxillofacial trauma management has continued to improve and evolve as a result of advances in technology and scientific inquiry. Controversies exist where there is little evidence-based literature to guide treatment in frontal sinus management, rigid versus absorbable fixation, open versus closed treatment of mandibular condyle fractures, extraction of teeth in the line of fracture, optimal timing for repair of mandible fractures, antibiotic use for facial wounds and fractures, and reconstructive materials in orbital fracture reconstruction...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969192/effect-of-2-nasal-mupirocin-ointment-on-decreasing-complications-of-nasotracheal-intubation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Kourosh Taheri Talesh, Reza Movassaghi Gargary, Seyed Ahmad Arta, Javad Yazdani, Monireh Roshandel, Milad Ghanizadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Mir Naser Seyyed Mousavi
INTRODUCTION: In oral and maxillofacial surgeries, nasotracheal intubation is carried out to increase the surgeon's access to the oral cavity. During nasotracheal intubation the risk of trauma is higher than that in orotracheal intubation as there is passage of the tube through the mucosa of the nasal tract due to which bacteria might get transported into the trachea. AIM: To evaluate the effect of 2% nasal mupirocin ointment before and after nasotracheal intubation on decreasing the complications of intubation for oral and maxillofacial surgeries...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965363/work-related-traumatic-dental-injuries-prevalence-characteristics-and-risk-factors
#18
Alessandro Ugolini, Giovanni Battista Parodi, Claudia Casali, Armando Silvestrini-Biavati, Flavio Giacinti
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prevalence of work-related oral trauma is underestimated because minor dental injuries are often not reported in patients with several injuries in different parts of the body. In addition, little data are available regarding their characteristics. The aim of this epidemiological study was to determine the prevalence, types and characteristics of occupational traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in a large working community. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Work-related TDIs that occurred during the period between 2011 and 2013 in the District of Genoa (Northwest of Italy, 0...
October 1, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953099/rattled-analysis-of-facial-trauma-among-toddlers
#19
Michael A Blasco, Aron Kandinov, Peter F Svider, Nathan J Gonik, Curtis Hanba, Giancarlo F Zuliani, Mahdi A Shkoukani, Michael A Carron
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the national incidence of facial trauma among toddlers and delineate patterns of injury and their causes. METHODS: A retrospective review was designed to explore patterns of maxillofacial trauma within toddler-aged children using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System from the Consumer Product Safety Commission. The database was searched for emergency department visits involving facial trauma sustained by children 12 months through 3 years of age from 2010 through 2014 and analyzed for patient demographics, primary diagnosis, and associated products/activities...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941510/issues-in-pediatric-craniofacial-trauma
#20
REVIEW
Srinivasa R Chandra, Karen S Zemplenyi
Pediatric maxillofacial fractures are rare owing to anatomic differences between juvenile and adult skulls. Children's bone is less calcified, allowing for "greenstick fractures." The overall ratio of cranial to facial volume decreases with age. In children, tooth buds comprise the majority of mandibular volume. The most common pediatric craniomaxillofacial fractures for children ages 0 to 18 years old are mandible, nasal bone, and maxilla and zygoma. Growth potential must be considered when addressing pediatric trauma and often a less-is-more approach is best when considering open versus closed treatment...
November 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
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