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Maxillofacial trauma

Ritesh Kumar, Syed Saeed Ahmed, Gulam Sarwar Hashmi, Md Kalim Ansari, Sajjad Abdur Rahman
AIM: The present study was planned to investigate the etiology of injuries and to analyze correlation between clinical and radiological findings in cases of craniomaxillofacial trauma. STUDY DESIGN: An 18 months cross-sectional study was done and 325 patients with maxillofacial fractures were analyzed from January 2013 to June 2014 who reported to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Data was recorded in a preformed case sheet which included: patient's demographic data, cause of injury, type of injury, treatment plan...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Satishkumar G Patil, Imtiaz A Kotwal, Udupikrishna Joshi, Soumya Allurkar, Nitin Thakur, Aafreen Aftab
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Midfacial fractures may often be associated with injuries to the orbit which may lead to notable dysfunction of the visual apparatus, if not detected early after injury. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the associated ophthalmic injuries in mid-face trauma and to emphasize the need for understanding the ophthalmic signs and symptoms by an attending maxillofacial surgeon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total number of 60 clinically and radiographically proven subjects with midfacial fractures were considered in the study that underwent complete ophthalmological evaluation at initial presentation...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Hao Feng, Shasha Wang, Yan Liu, Xuejuan Liao, Yaling Tang, Xinhua Liang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of microwave ablation as a substitute for surgery in patients with a mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University (Chengdu, China), 78 patients with a clinical diagnosis of a mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands underwent microwave ablation from November 2012 to May 2015...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Chase L Andreason, Timothy H Pohlman
The timely recognition of shock secondary to hemorrhage from severe facial trauma or as a complication of complex oral and maxillofacial surgery presents formidable challenges. Specific hemostatic disorders are induced by hemorrhage and several extreme homeostatic imbalances may appear during or after resuscitation. Damage control resuscitation has evolved from massive transfusion to a more complex therapeutic paradigm that includes hemodynamic resuscitation, hemostatic resuscitation, and homeostatic resuscitation...
November 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Kai Lee, James Olsen, Jiandong Sun, Arun Chandu
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol related facial trauma is an increasingly prominent social problem and health hazard. Interpersonal violence (IPV) is often implicated in these trauma presentations and the facial skeleton frequently targeted. This paper examines the characteristics of admitted patients with alcohol-related facial fractures. METHODS: Electronic data of patients assessed or treated with facial fractures from January 2012 to December 2014 at Western Health was obtained through Clinical Record Department...
October 15, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
S M Balaji
Ballistic injuries of oral and maxillofacial region are usually fatal due to close propinquity with the vital structures. The severity of injury depends on the caliber of the weapon used and distance from which the patient is shot. The preliminary care of facial ballistic wounds strictly adheres to the basics of trauma resuscitation. Early and appropriate surgical management has proved to be influential on the final outcome and esthetic result. Treatment of facial gunshot wounds should be planned and carried out carefully to avoid esthetic complications...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Stjepan Siber, Marko Matijević, Miroslav Sikora, Dinko Leović, Ivan Mumlek, Darko Macan
OBJECTIVES: The occurrence and causes of maxillofacial trauma varies in different regions of the world. The aim of this study was to identify the occurrence, types and causes of maxillofacial injuries according to the age and gender differences in patients treated at the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Center Osijek, between January 2011 and December 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 64 patients, 41 males (64.1%) and 23 females (35...
December 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
P Manodh, D Prabhu Shankar, Devadoss Pradeep, Rajan Santhosh, Aparna Murugan
BACKGROUND: Maxillofacial fractures occur in a significant proportion worldwide and can occur as an isolated injury or in combination with other severe injuries including cranial, spinal, and upper and lower body injuries requiring prompt diagnosis with possible emergency interventions. The epidemiology of facial fractures varies with regard to injury type, severity, and cause and depends on the population studied. Hence, understanding of these factors can aid in establishing clinical and research priorities for effective treatment and prevention of these injuries...
September 23, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
A Nagaraja, N Govindraj Kumar, B Jambukeshwar Kumar, Raghavendra M Naik, Y Jyoti Sangineedi
Pathological conditions can give rise to calcifications within oral mucosa representing either a local or systemic disturbance. Inflammation, trauma, debris acting as nidus and vascular lesions have been attributed as principal causes for occurrence of calcifications within the oral mucosa. Occurrence of multiple calcified thrombi (phleboliths) is considered pathognomonic for hemangiomas and vascular malformations in the oral and maxillofacial region. Isolated occurrence of phlebolith in oral mucosa though very rare, especially without any underlying vascular lesions, can be diagnostically challenging...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ümit Aydın, Burak Aşık, Asif Ahmedov, Abdullah Durmaz
BACKGROUND: Ectopic eruption of a tooth or osteoma rarely occurs within the maxillary sinus. Coexistence of these two rare entities in the maxillary sinus has never been reported in the English literature. CASE REPORT: Herein, we present a 21 year-old male patient with osteoma and ectopic tooth in the left maxillary sinus treated with the removal of the ectopic tooth by endoscopic sinus surgery and excision of the osteoma by the Caldwell-Luc procedure. CONCLUSION: Unique coexistence of two different entities in the maxillary sinus is most likely due to pediatric facial trauma...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
P Stathopoulos
The works of Hippocrates known in the Western World as the Corpus Hippocraticum have dominated medical thought and surgical practice for centuries. A substantial part of the Hippocratic Collection is dedicated to the description of injuries pertinent to Cranio-maxillofacial surgery and their management. Hippocrates has reached this level of surgical skill despite the limited pre-recorded knowledge and the restriction to perform post-mortem dissections.
September 2, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Hyun-Chun Park, Su-Gwan Kim, Ji-Su Oh, Jae-Seek You, Won-Gi Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of indications for the removal of mini-plates over a five-year period in maxillofacial trauma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 530 patients who underwent treatment with mini-plate fixation after maxillofacial trauma were reviewed for a five-year period (May 2007 to May 2012). Patients were evaluated concerning the number of mini-plates removed, age and gender distributions, time between insertion and removal, indication for removal, and site of removal...
August 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Mohanavalli Singaram, Sree Vijayabala G, Rajesh Kumar Udhayakumar
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study aims to evaluate the prevalence of maxillofacial trauma in a developing country, along with its pattern, etiology and management. Data for the present study were collected from the Department of Dentistry, ESIC Medical College and Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Chennai in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of patients treated for maxillofacial injuries between May 2014 and November 2015 were retrospectively retrieved and analyzed for prevalence, pattern, etiology, and management of maxillofacial trauma...
August 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Ghada Amin Khalifa, Naglaa Shawki El-Kilani, Hanan Mohmed Shokier
PURPOSE: A restricted mouth opening (MO) is predominantly a complication of maxillofacial trauma in pediatric patients and develops in 4% to 26.2% of cases. The purpose of the present study was to quantitatively investigate the influence of patient demographic data, fracture characteristics, and regular vigorous physiotherapy, with either voluntary or forcible MO exercises, on the recovery of a post-traumatic restricted MO in pediatric patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed of pediatric patients with maxillofacial injuries who had been referred to Al-Zahraa and El-Fayoum Hospitals from 2013 to 2015...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Carolina Wolff, Thomas Mücke, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Anastasios Kanatas, Oliver Bissinger, Herbert Deppe
: Cone beam CT and/or panoramic images are often required for a successful diagnosis in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate if 3D diagnostic imaging information had a significant impact on the decision process in six different classes of surgical indications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Records of all patients who had undergone both panoramic X-ray and CBCT imaging due to surgical indications between January 2008 and December 2012 were examined retrospectively...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Muhanad M Hatamleh, Gurprit Bhamrah, Francine Ryba, Gavin Mack, Chrisopher Huppa
This patient report describes simultaneous bimaxillary orthognathic surgery and mandibular reconstruction by means of three-dimensional (3D) planning, 3D printed biocompatible surgical wafers, and 3D selective-laser sintered titanium implant. A 26-year-old male patient presented with a left mandibular defect secondary to trauma. The whole body of the mandible on the left hand side was deficient with a narrow connection with the remaining left condyle. He had undergone orthodontic treatment for 18 months and was ready to undergo bimaxillary orthognathic surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Hervé Benateau, Anne Chatellier, Aude Caillot, Daniel Labbe, Alexis Veyssiere
PURPOSE: Reconstruction of gunshot wounds of the lower face remains a challenge for the maxillofacial surgeon. We present our experience with the use of virtual surgery using Computer-Assisted Design (CAD)/Computer-Assisted Manufacturing (CAM) techniques to create a custom-made distraction device and prefabricated cutting guides (for both fibula and jaw osteotomies) and for device positioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe two cases of lower face reconstruction after gunshot wounds by osteogenic distraction osteogenesis (DO) and computer-assisted surgery (SurgiCase CMF 5...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
S Y Kim, C L Chan, D M Hyam
Football injuries are responsible for many of the maxillofacial injuries sustained during sporting activities. In the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), the four major types of Australian football are played in large numbers and up to a high standard. Our objective was to analyse maxillofacial fractures that were sustained during rugby league, rugby union, Australian rules, and soccer matches. We retrospectively studied 134 patients with maxillofacial fractures during the five-year period 2010-14. All patients were assessed and treated at Canberra Hospital, the major trauma centre in the ACT...
October 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
D Li, C B Guo, Y Liu, E B Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of Piezosurgery in split teeth extractions. METHODS: A single-center, randomized, split-mouth study was performed using a consecutive serious of unrelated healthy patients attending the departing of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. 40 patients were selected for extraction of maxillary molars without reservation value,splitting or nonvital teeth. They were divided into control (20 patients) and test groups (20 patients) randomly...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Waldemar Reich, Alexey Surov, Alexander Walter Eckert
Undiagnosed cervical spine injury can have devastating results. The aim of this study was to analyse patients with primary maxillofacial trauma and a concomitant cervical spine injury. It is hypothetised that cervical spine injury is predictable in maxillofacial surgery. A monocentric clinical study was conducted over a 10-year period to analyse patients with primary maxillofacial and associated cervical spine injuries. Demographic data, mechanism of injury, specific trauma and treatments provided were reviewed...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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