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Maxillofacial trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042430/experimental-protocol-of-dental-procedures-in-patients-with-hereditary-angioedema-the-role-of-anxiety-and-the-use-of-nitrogen-oxide
#1
A Rosa, M Miranda, R Franco, M G Guarino, A Barlattani, P Bollero
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disease, little known to the medical and dental community, but with a growing rate of hospitalization over the years. HAE is due to a deficit/dysfunction of C1 esterase inhibitor which leads to an increase in vascular permeability and the appearance of edemas widespread in all body areas. The airways are the most affected and laryngeal swelling, which can occur, it is dangerous for the patient's life, is also a sensitive spot in our daily practice, therefore, it is also important to be aware of all the signs of this disease...
April 2016: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029446/quality-of-information-about-maxillofacial-trauma-on-the-internet
#2
D M McGoldrick, P Kielty, C Cotter
Patients increasingly search the Internet for information about health and potential treatments, but the content and accuracy of some websites are questionable. To evaluate the quality of information on maxillofacial trauma, we searched for the terms "jaw fracture" and "cheekbone fracture" on Google, Yahoo, and Bing. We assessed the first 10 results of each search and excluded duplicates or those that were unrelated. We then used the DISCERN tool and the JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) benchmarks to assess those that remained...
October 28, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027185/use-of-virtual-surgical-planning-for-simultaneous-maxillofacial-osteotomies-and-custom-polyetheretherketone-implant-in-secondary-orbito-frontal-reconstruction-importance-of-restoring-orbital-volume
#3
Neel Patel, Beomjune Kim, Waleed Zaid
Correction of orbito-frontal defects involves a multitude of surgical challenges, and requires careful and detailed planning. In the trauma setting, one must be prepared to deal with injuries to adjacent structures and be able to incorporate their repair into the surgical plan to maximize the functional and esthetic reconstruction for the benefit of the patient. Victims who have sustained trauma of the cranial complex in combination with mid-facial trauma, particularly involving the orbit, present a difficult scenario, especially when future ocular prosthetic rehabilitation is a concern...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999596/traumatic-pseudoaneurysm-of-the-internal-maxillary-artery-a-rare-life-threatening-hemorrhage-as-a-complication-of-maxillofacial-fractures
#4
E Nastro Siniscalchi, L Catalfamo, A Pitrone, R Papa, F Famà, G Lo Giudice, G Cervino, M Cicciu, F S De Ponte
Pseudoaneurysm of the internal maxillary artery due to a traumatic event is a rare condition. Pseudoaneurysms are usually directly produced by arteries break with extravasation of blood. The compressed perivascular tissue forms the wall of aneurysmal sac. Then, this sac gradually expands and can be damaged. It is rare to see pseudoaneurysms of IMA. They are usually associated with fracture of the neck of the mandible. To the best of our knowledge the pseudoaneurysm of the internal maxillary artery related to maxillofacial trauma is an event extremely rare in the literature and if not quickly managed can lead to the patient's death...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986471/retrospective-clinical-study-of-maxillary-sagittal-fractures-predictors-of-postoperative-outcome
#5
Krishna Prasad Regmi, JunBo Tu, SuMeng Ge, ChengQun Hou, XiaoYi Hu, ShiXian Li, JingTing Du
PURPOSE: Because of less attention to the sagittal component of maxillary fractures, these fractures are often misdiagnosed and the reduction leading to maxillary transverse discrepancies is missed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with good or adverse postoperative outcomes of maxillary sagittal fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a single-center retrospective cohort study. The sample was composed of cases of maxillary sagittal fractures treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Craniomaxillofacial Trauma Unit of Xi'an Jiaotong University (Xi'an, China) from January 2008 through December 2013...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941195/mucoceles-of-minor-salivary-glands-in-children-own-clinical-observations
#6
Bogumił Lewandowski, Robert Brodowski, Paweł Pakla, Aleksander Makara, Wojciech Stopyra, Bartek Startek
INTRODUCTION: Mucoceles are benign lesions associated with the pathology of the oral mucosa of minor salivary glands. Two types of cysts are distinguished depending on their pathogenesis. Most often they occur as a result of mechanical trauma and mucus extravasation into tissues or obstruction of the gland ducts. AIM: The aim of the study was to present our own experiences regarding mucoceles of minor salivary glands in the oral cavity taking into account how frequently the individual types of cysts occur in children...
2016: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930461/odontogenic-orofacial-infections
#7
Dario Bertossi, Antonio Barone, Antonio Iurlaro, Simone Marconcini, Daniele De Santis, Marco Finotti, Pasquale Procacci
Acute dental abscess is a frequent and sometimes underestimated disease of the oral cavity. The acute dental abscess usually occurs secondary to caries, trauma, or failed endodontic treatment. After the intact pulp chamber is opened, colonization of the root canals takes place with a variable set of anaerobic bacteria, which colonize the walls of the necrotic root canals forming a specialized mixed anaerobic biofilm. Asymptomatic necrosis is common. However, abscess formation occurs when these bacteria and their toxic products breach into the periapical tissues through the apical foramen and induce acute inflammation and pus formation...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922958/lipoma-in-the-face-associated-with-maxillofacial-trauma
#8
Fábio Roberto de Souza Batista, Jéssica Araújo Figueira, Rômulo Maciel Lustosa, João Matheus Scherbaum Eidt, Marcello Piacentini, Ângelo José Pavan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916252/knowledge-of-managing-avulsed-tooth-among-general-dental-practitioners-in-malaysia
#9
Dalia Abdullah, Suet Yeo Soo, Shalini Kanagasingam
BACKGROUND: Dental and maxillofacial injuries are one of the areas of concern highlighted in the Malaysian National Oral Health Plan 2011-2020. General dental practitioners (GDPs) have the responsibility of diagnosing and assessing dental trauma and determining the prognosis and outcomes of trauma along with its management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge base and preferred methods of general dental practitioners regarding the management of avulsed tooth. METHODS: A random convenient sampling methodology was employed for sample selection...
December 2016: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899021/does-preoperative-diplopia-determine-the-incidence-of-postoperative-diplopia-after-repair-of-orbital-floor-fracture-an-institutional-review
#10
Avisham Ramphul, Gary Hoffman
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to investigate whether the occurrence of preoperative diplopia determines the incidence of postoperative diplopia after orbital floor repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective cohort study with a review of the records of 126 consecutive patients who had undergone repair of an orbital floor fracture under the maxillofacial surgery service at John Hunter Hospital (Newcastle, NSW, Australia). The primary predictor variables were a number of demographic, etiologic, and operative factors that might influence the occurrence of diplopia...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882508/regional-early-development-and-eruption-of-permanent-teeth-case-report
#11
A M Al Mullahi, A Bakathir, S Al Jahdhami
BACKGROUND: Early development and eruption of permanent teeth are rarely reported in scientific literature. Early eruption of permanent teeth has been reported to occur due to local factors such as trauma or dental abscesses in primary teeth, and in systemic conditions. Congenital diffuse infiltrating facial lipomatosis (CDIFL) is a rare condition that belongs to a group of lipomatosis tumours. In this disorder, the mature adipocytes invade adjacent soft and hard tissues in the facial region...
November 23, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856023/don-t-blow-it-extensive-subcutaneous-emphysema-of-the-neck-caused-by-isolated-facial-injuries-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Hannah Makrides, Luke D Lawton
BACKGROUND: Although subcutaneous emphysema resulting from maxillofacial surgery is well described in the literature, the association with maxillofacial trauma is less firm. Clinically evident subcutaneous emphysema from facial injury is uncommon and extension into the cervical and mediastinal tissues is exceedingly rare, with few reported cases. CASE REPORT: An unusual case of extensive subcutaneous emphysema after facial trauma is presented. The case posed a diagnostic dilemma in our emergency department...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846861/intraosseous-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-mandible-with-a-novel-atic-alk-fusion-mutation-a-case-report
#13
Yoko Tateishi, Koji Okudela, Shigeo Kawai, Takehisa Suzuki, Shigeaki Umeda, Mai Matsumura, Mitomu Kioi, Kenichi Ohashi
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare low-grade malignant neoplasm with a predilection for children and young adults, and typically arises in the lung, abdominopelvic region, and retroperitoneum. IMTs in the maxillofacial region are extreme rare. Approximately 50% of IMT harbor rearrangements of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene at 2p23 with various fusion partners. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein report a case of intraosseous IMT of the mandible with a novel ATIC-ALK fusion...
November 15, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833693/e-cigarette-blast-injury-complex-facial-fractures-and-pneumocephalus
#14
Benjamin A Archambeau, Stephanie Young, Carol Lee, Troy Pennington, Christopher Vanderbeek, Dan Miulli, John Culhane, Michael Neeki
Electronic cigarettes (also known as e-cigarettes or e-cigs) are becoming a popular method of recreational nicotine use over recent years. The growth of new brands and devices has been outpacing the FDA's ability to regulate them. As a result, some of these devices fail without warning, most likely from malfunction of the lithium-ion batteries that are in close proximity to volatile compounds within the device. Failures have occurred during both use and storage of the devices or their components. The subsequent injuries from several of these events, including full thickness burns requiring grafting and blast injuries, have been observed at Arrowhead Regional Medical Center, a regional trauma and burn center in southern California...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833492/submandibular-intubation-in-awake-patient-of-panfacial-trauma
#15
S K Kamra, H K Khandavilli, P Banerjee
Maxillofacial trauma patients present with airway problems. Submandibular intubation is an effective means of intubation to avoid tracheostomy for operative procedures. Airway is secured with oral endotracheal intubation in paralyzed patient and tube is then transplaced in sub mental or submandibular region. However there may be instances when paralyzing such trauma patients is not safe and short term tracheostomy is the only airway channel available for conduction of anesthesia. We report a case of submandibular intubation in awake patient of maxillofacial trauma with anticipated intubation problems...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833333/zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures-a-review-of-101-cases
#16
Bhasker Yamsani, Rajasekhar Gaddipati, Nandagopal Vura, Sudhir Ramisetti, Rajitha Yamsani
AIM: ZMC fractures are the common facial injuries. The main causes of fractures are trauma due to RTAs, assaults, falls, sports related injuries, and the civilian warfares. This study is to evaluate and review the etiology, incidence, clinical findings and treatment of ZMC fractures. A sincere effort has been put forward in the management of ZMC fractures and their efficacy is evaluated in the larger interest of the patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 101 patients having displaced ZMC fractures with insignificant medical history were reviewed to evaluate the versatility of its management, with the main emphasis on post operative stability, restoration of mouth opening, wound healing, esthetic restoration of the prominence of cheek and the complications encountered...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829774/difficulties-encountered-in-preauricular-approach-over-retromandibular-approach-in-condylar-fracture
#17
Perumal Jayavelu, R Riaz, A R Tariq Salam, B Saravanan, R Karthick
Fracture of mandible can be classified according to its anatomical location, in which condylar fracture is the most common one overall and is missed on clinical examination. Due to the unique geometry of the mandible and temporomandibular joint, without treatment the fractures can result in marked pain, dysfunction, and deformity. The condylar fracture may be further classified depending on the sides involved: unilateral/bilateral, depending on the height of fracture: intracapsular (within the head of condyle), extracapsular - head and neck (high condyle fracture), and subcondylar (low condyle fracture), and depending on displacement: nondisplaced, displaced (anteromedially, medially, and lateral), and dislocated...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823937/orbital-blowout-fractures-a-novel-ct-measurement-that-can-predict-the-likelihood-of-surgical-management
#18
Tamer N Mansour, Megan Rudolph, Derek Brown, Natalie Mansour, M Reza Taheri
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify an accurate and reliable computed tomographic (CT) measurement that can identify those patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with orbital floor fracture (BOF) who require surgical repair to prevent ensuing visually debilitating diplopia and/or enophthalmos. METHODS: In this retrospective institutional review board-approved study, we reviewed 99 patients older than 18 years with orbital fractures treated in a level I trauma center from 2011 through 2015...
January 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792804/trismus-as-a-clinical-manifestation-of-tetanus-a-case-report
#19
Ioannis Papadiochos, Sofia Papadiochou, Vassilis Petsinis, Lampros Goutzanis, Charikleia Atsali, Nikolaos Papadogeorgaki
Although the incidence of tetanus disease has radically declined in developed countries, both dental practitioners and oral and maxillofacial surgeons should be knowledgeable about its diagnosis since initial manifestations of the disease, such as trismus and dysphagia, are observed in the orofacial region. This study reports on a case of generalized tetanus diagnosed in a middle-aged man. Before the tetanus diagnosis, the patient had sought medical advice from seven different health care professionals, including a dentist and an oral and maxillofacial surgeon...
October 2016: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781021/the-use-of-adipose-tissue-derived-progenitors-in-bone-tissue-engineering-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Indranil Bhattacharya, Chafik Ghayor, Franz E Weber
2500 years ago, Hippocrates realized that bone can heal without scaring. The natural healing potential of bone is, however, restricted to small defects. Extended bone defects caused by trauma or during tumor resections still pose a huge problem in orthopedics and cranio-maxillofacial surgery. Bone tissue engineering strategies using stem cells, growth factors, and scaffolds could overcome the problems with the treatment of extended bone defects. In this review, we give a short overview on bone tissue engineering with emphasis on the use of adipose tissue-derived stem cells and small molecules...
September 2016: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
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