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Maxillofacial trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337459/maxillofacial-prosthesis-in-dentofacial-traumas-a-retrospective-clinical-study-and-introduction-of-new-classification-method
#1
Edoardo Brauner, Giorgio Pompa, Alessandro Quarato, Sara Jamshir, Francesca De Angelis, Stefano Di Carlo, Valentino Valentini
Background. Maxillofacial trauma represents a field of common interest as regards both the maxillofacial surgery and prosthodontics, especially for the functional and aesthetic stomatognathic rehabilitation. This condition necessitates relationship between maxillofacial surgeon and prosthodontist, to achieve the ultimate treatment goal. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to make predictable patients outcomes classifying their clinical data, using certain parameters and introducing a new classification method...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328609/evaluation-of-dentoalveolar-trauma-in-children-and-adolescents-a-modified-classification-system-and-surgical-treatment-strategies-for-its-management
#2
Nadia Theologie-Lygidakis, Ourania K Schoinohoriti, Minas Leventis, Ioannis Iatrou
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze dentoalveolar trauma in pediatric patients, propose a modified classification, and delineate an approach for its urgent care from the surgeon's perspective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical records of patients, attended at the 'A. and P. Kyriakou' Children's Hospital Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from 2000 to 2015, were retrieved and data were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 365 cases of dentoalveolar trauma, affecting 363 children and adolescents (221 males and 142 females), with an age range from 1 to 15 years, were treated in the authors' department...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322450/patient-compliance-following-isolated-mandibular-fracture-repair
#3
J Paul Radabaugh, Adam Van Horn, Stephen A Chan, Jared M Shelton, Thomas J Gal
OBJECTIVE: Compliance with postoperative care in the maxillofacial trauma population often is considered poor. This lack of follow-up does not seem to be a function of decreased access to care but rather its anticipated lack of utilization. The goal of this study is to identify what factors are associated with increased compliance in postoperative management of mandible fractures. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Using Current Procedural Terminology codes to identify maxillofacial injuries requiring operative repair, a subset of isolated mandibular fractures was identified...
March 21, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316921/comparison-of-2%C3%A2-mm-single-locking-miniplates-versus-2%C3%A2-mm-two-non-locking-miniplates-in-symphysis-and-parasymphysis-fracture-of-mandible
#4
Arpit Vashistha, Manpreet Singh, Manoj Chaudhary, Nimish Agarwal, Gagandeep Kaur
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of single 2 mm locking miniplates versus two 2 mm non-locking (conventional) miniplates in symphysis and parasymphysis fracture of mandible. METHOD: This present study included 40 patients of maxillofacial trauma having mandibular symphysis/parasymphysis fractures in which open reduction and internal fixation is indicated. Patients were selected according to the inclusion criteria and divided into two groups, i...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296040/maxillofacial-trauma-patterns-associated-with-external-auditory-canal-fractures-cone-beam-computed-tomography-analysis
#5
Ibrahim K Ali, Kaustubh Sansare, Freny R Karjodkar, Prashant Salve, Kavita Vanga, Ajinkya M Pawar
BACKGROUND/ AIMS: There is a paucity of literature on EAC fractures secondary to maxillofacial trauma, with most of the literature on EAC fractures consisting of isolated case reports. To the authors' best knowledge, this is the first study to use Cone Beam Computed Tomography to evaluate the EAC region. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of external auditory canal (EAC) fracture following maxillofacial trauma and to evaluate the association between EAC fracture and other maxillofacial fractures and the region of trauma...
March 15, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290957/oral-maxillofacial-injury-surveillance-of-u-s-military-personnel-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-2001-to-2014
#6
Timothy A Mitchener, Rodney Chan, John W Simecek
BACKGROUND: Cranial and oral-maxillofacial injuries accounted for 33% of military visits to in-theater (Level III) military treatment facilities for battle injuries during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Even after years of conflict, the size and scope of oral-maxillofacial injuries in military armed conflict is still not fully understood. This study reports U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) rates of oral-maxillofacial injuries that can be used for further surveillance and research...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280940/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-to-determine-the-proportion-of-maxillofacial-trauma-resulting-from-different-etiologies-among-children-and-adolescents
#7
REVIEW
Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Sérgio d'Avila, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Raquel Conceição Ferreira
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine via systematic review and meta-analysis the proportion of maxillofacial trauma resulting from different etiologies among children and adolescents. METHODS: A systematic review of articles published from 2006 to 2015 (10 years) in English language was performed. The following databases were used: PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science. Observational studies reporting the number of children and/or adolescents who suffered maxillofacial trauma resulting from different etiologies were included...
March 9, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254401/liquor-legislation-last-drinks-and-lockouts-the-newcastle-australia-solution
#8
G R Hoffman, K Palazzi, B K Oteng Boateng, C Oldmeadow
The aim of this study was to determine whether the regional implementation of prohibitive liquor legislation, introduced in order to limit the sale of and access to alcohol, can lead to a sustained reduction in the incidence of assault occasioning facial injury, as seen in patients presenting to a level 1 trauma hospital. A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted to document patients who were identified as an acute hospital presentation of assault occasioning facial injury. The period of study was 2003-2015; this ensured a similar period of time before and after the implementation of the legislation in 2008...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250673/a-study-on-posttraumatic-experience-of-road-traffic-accident-afflicted-maxillofacial-trauma-patient-at-tertiary-hospital
#9
Santosh Kumar Yadav, Suraksha Shrestha
OBJECTIVES: Patients are usually left in a vulnerable state after an accident. Because of this, they long for a good encounter when they are brought to the hospital. Physical impairment and psychological morbidities are some of the complications that can occur to them. Traditionally, surgeons tend to pay little attention to a patient's emotional and psychological perspective. The aim of this study was to understand the experience of oral and maxillofacial trauma patients due to road traffic accident right from immediate after the accident till the end of definitive treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242237/transarterial-embolization-in-maxillofacial-intractable-potentially-life-threatening-hemorrhage
#10
Dani Noy, Adi Rachmiel, Omri Emodi, Yaakov Amsalem, Yair Israel, Rafael M Nagler
PURPOSE: Although transarterial embolization (TAE) of vascular lesions with embolizing agents through angiographic catheters has been used for more than 45 years, reports of life-threatening maxillofacial bleeding are relatively rare and have not been updated. The authors review treatment modalities, present their experience of the past 21 years, and suggest a comprehensive algorithm and guidelines for the use of TAE in the treatment of intractable life-threatening maxillofacial hemorrhage...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236566/the-use-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-rhbmp-2-in-maxillofacial-trauma
#11
REVIEW
A S Herford
In recent years, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) has been introduced as a therapeutic option in the treatment of several congenital and acquired craniofacial defects. Although there have been promising clinical results, the international literature still lacks complete guidelines, including limits and indications for the use of rhBMP-2. The possible indications for rhBMP-2 in patients undergoing facial trauma are discussed in this article.
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210411/carotid-cavernous-fistula-as-a-complication-of-panfacial-fracture-case-report-11-years-after-the-surgery
#12
Sylvio Luiz Costa de Moraes, Alexandre Maurity de Paula Afonso, Roberto Gomes Dos Santos, Ricardo Pereira Mattos, Bruno Gomes Duarte
The carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is a rare complication in patients victimized by craniofacial trauma. It involves multidisciplinary medical action. Owing to its potential complications, it is essential that maxillofacial surgery and neurosurgery specialists diagnose this condition so that appropriate treatment can be performed. The authors present a report of a case 11 years after the surgery.
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210408/patterns-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#13
Padmanidhi Agarwal, Divya Mehrotra, Rajul Agarwal, Sumit Kumar, Rahul Pandey
This study aimed to obtain dependable epidemiologic data of the variation in cause and characteristics of maxillofacial fractures by identifying, describing, and quantifying trauma. This retrospective study was conducted in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India, over 1 year, based on a systematic computer-assisted database search from March 2015 to March 2016 for maxillofacial fractures. The demographics, etiology, geographic distribution, date of injury, site and number of fractures, and type of intervention were recorded for each...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210407/a-single-center-review-of-radiologically-diagnosed-maxillofacial-fractures-etiology-and-distribution
#14
Jordan N Halsey, Ian C Hoppe, Mark S Granick, Edward S Lee
The etiology of fractures of the maxillofacial skeleton varies among studies, with motor vehicle accidents and assaults oftentimes the most common. The number of males outnumbers females throughout most studies. Fractures of the zygoma, orbit, and mandible are usually cited as most common fracture types. This study examines a single center's experience with regards to etiology and distribution of fractures. A retrospective review of all radiologically confirmed facial fractures in a level 1 trauma center in an urban environment was performed for the years 2000 to 2012...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210403/an-overview-of-maxillofacial-trauma-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-tertiary-trauma-centre-queen-elizabeth-hospital-kota-kinabalu-sabah
#15
Chee Wei Lee, Qi Chao Foo, Ling Vuan Wong, Yiu Yan Leung
The aims of this study were to provide an overview of maxillofacial trauma and its relationship to patient's demographic data and alcohol consumption within the state of Sabah. It was a retrospective study of maxillofacial trauma cases treated by Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, from January 1, 2009, until December 31, 2013. A total of 630 maxillofacial trauma cases were included. Details of the trauma were collected from patients' record, including patients' cause of injuries, injuries suffered, treatment indications, and treatment received...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209449/maxillofacial-and-concomitant-serious-injuries-an-eight-year-single-center-experience
#16
Fausto Fama, Marco Cicciu, Alessandro Sindoni, Enrico Nastro-Siniscalchi, Roberto Falzea, Gabriele Cervino, Francesca Polito, Francesco De Ponte, Maria Gioffre-Florio
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial injuries are frequently associated with multiple trauma and can determine functional and aesthetic bad outcomes. The severity of maxillofacial injuries may be considerable and can divert clinicians' attention from other concomitant injuries which is less evident but potentially life-threatening. The aim of this study was to find out the concomitant injuries in patients referred to the Emergency Department (ED) of the University Hospital of Messina (North-East Sicily, Italy) for maxillofacial traumas...
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202369/histomorhological-and-clinical-evaluation-of-maxillary-alveolar-ridge-reconstruction-after-craniofacial-trauma-by-applying-combination-of-allogeneic-and-autogenous-bone-graft
#17
Francesco Saverio De Ponte, Roberto Falzea, Michele Runci, Enrico Nastro Siniscalchi, Floriana Lauritano, Ennio Bramanti, Gabriele Cervino, Marco Cicciu
A variety of techniques and materials for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of traumatized maxillary ridges prior to dental implants placement have been described in literature. Autogenous bone grafting is considered ideal by many researchers and it still remains the most predictable and documented method. The aim of this report is to underline the effectiveness of using allogeneic bone graft for managing maxillofacial trauma. A case of a 30-year-old male with severely atrophic maxillary ridge as a consequence of complex craniofacial injury is presented here...
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186694/pattern-of-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-from-violence-against-women-and-its-associated-factors
#18
Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Jéssica Antoniana Lira E Silva, Andreza Cristina de Lima Targino Massoni, Sérgio d'Avila
BACKGROUND/AIM: Violence against women is a global public health problem. The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of women victims of violence and identify factors associated with maxillofacial injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed based on an evaluation of 884 medico-legal and social records of women victims of physical aggression treated at the Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry in Brazil. The variables investigated were related to the socio-demographic characteristics of victims, circumstances of aggressions, and patterns of trauma...
February 10, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141655/an-analysis-of-independent-variables-affecting-surgical-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-repair-of-maxillofacial-trauma-an-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-study
#19
Stephanie M Cohen, Brian E Rosett, David A Shifrin
INTRODUCTION: Facial fractures, from straightforward closed nasal reductions to complex pan facial fractures, are commonly encountered in the Plastic Surgical community. However, very little has been discussed in the literature regarding the outcomes of facial fractures relating to contributing factors. Our aim was to evaluate a battery of independent variables in order to identify, which, if any, factors correlate with suboptimal outcomes in patients who have undergone facial fracture surgery...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123747/improving-visual-assessment-documentation-in-patients-with-periorbital-trauma-through-an-eye-assessment-teaching-session-and-a-proforma-sticker
#20
Tharsika Myuran
Up to 30% of patients who have periorbital trauma will have ocular injury with devastating consequences if missed. All staff working with acutely injured Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS) patients should be competent in a basic eye examination with documentation of visual acuity, gross visual fields, eye movements, diplopia, and pupillary responses at a minimum. As a standard we adapted guidance published by the Emergency Care Institute New South Wales to assess the documentation of the eye examination in OMFS patients at King's College Hospital with any periorbital injury...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
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