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Maxillofacial trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809369/maxillofacial-fracture-epidemiology-and-treatment-plans-in-the-northeast-of-iran-a-retrospective-study
#1
S Samieirad, M-R Aboutorabzade, E Tohidi, B Shaban, H Khalife, M-A Hashemipour, H-R Salami
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of facial injuries varies based on lifestyle, cultural background and socioeconomic status in different countries and geographic zones. This study evaluated the epidemiology of maxillofacial fractures and treatment plans in hospitalized patients in Northeast of Iran (2015-2016). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, the medical records of 502 hospitalized patients were evaluated in the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery in Kamyab Hospital in Mashhad, Iran...
August 15, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803736/an-aggressive-and-fatal-craniofacial-group-a-streptococcus-infection-resulting-from-a-minimally-displaced-orbital-floor-fracture
#2
R M Uhrich, M Sherban, C Valdez
While sharp, penetrating trauma is often associated with group A Streptococcus (GAS) infections and subsequent necrotizing fasciitis (NF) and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS), there are scant reports in the oral and maxillofacial surgery literature regarding blunt, non-penetrating trauma in association with these conditions. With a clinical course that initially appears relatively benign following blunt trauma, NF can progress swiftly through the fascial planes and may quickly become life-threatening if the oral and maxillofacial surgeon fails to recognize some of the critical pathognomonic signs...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790151/frcs-first-pass-variance-deanery-and-specialty-contrariety
#3
Chris Brown, Tarig Abdelrahman, John Pollitt, Mark Holt, Wyn G Lewis
BACKGROUND: FRCS exit examination success may be interpreted as a surrogate marker for UK Deanery-related training quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate relative FRCS examination pass rates related to Deanery and Surgical Specialty. METHODS: Joint Committee on Surgical Training-published examination first attempt pass rates were scrutinised for type I higher surgical trainees and outcomes compared related to Deanery and Surgical Specialty. RESULTS: Of 9363 FRCS first attempts, 3974 were successful (42...
August 8, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789668/two-years-retrospective-study-of-maxillofacial-trauma-at-a-tertiary-center-in-north-west-ethiopia
#4
Amare Teshome, Getaneh Andualem, Rediet Tsegie, Samuel Seifu
BACKGROUND: Maxillofacial injury poses a challenge to oral and maxillofacial surgeons working in developing countries with limited resource and human power. The present study aimed to determine the etiology, pattern, and management of maxillofacial trauma in Gondar university of Gondar hospital. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study design was used. Medical registration retrieving of patients with maxillofacial trauma visited dental center of University of Gondar Hospital from September 2013 to August 2015 was done...
August 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751941/did-king-philip-ii-of-ancient-macedonia-suffer-a-zygomatico-orbital-fracture-a-maxillofacial-surgeon-s-approach
#5
Panagiotis Stathopoulos
Philip II, father of Alexander the Great, succeeded his brother, Perdiccas III, to the throne of Macedonia in 360 BC. He has been described by historians as a generous king and military genius who managed to achieve his ambitious plans by expanding the Macedonian city-state over the whole Greek territory and the greater part of the Balkan Peninsula. The aim of our study was to present the evidence with regard to the facial injury of King Philip II of Macedonia and discuss the treatment of the wound by his famous physician, Critobulos...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751939/a-comparative-assessment-of-postoperative-analgesic-efficacy-of-lornoxicam-versus-tramadol-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-mandibular-fractures
#6
Ankesh Dilip Jain, Ravisankar Vsm, Siva Bharani Ksn, Sudheesh Km, Nisha Tewathia
Pain after any surgical procedure is inevitable but can be controlled by administration of analgesics in most cases. Postoperative pain after surgical treatment of mandibular fractures can be treated by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioid analgesics. The purpose of this study is to critically compare the postoperative analgesic efficacy of small doses of intravenous TRAMADOL (opioid analgesic) versus LORNOXICAM (NSAID) in patients with mandibular trauma undergoing open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and to assess the presence of any adverse effects due to NSAID or opioid use...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745851/maxillofacial-trauma-managing-potentially-dangerous-and-disfiguring-complex-injuries-digest
#7
Devjani Das, Lea Salazar, Milana Zaurova
Patients with maxillofacial trauma require a careful evaluation due to the anatomical proximity of the maxillofacial region to the head and neck. Facial injuries can range from soft-tissue lacerations and nondisplaced nasal fractures to severe, complex fractures, eye injuries, and possible brain injury. Though the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines provide a framework for the management of trauma patients, they do not provide a detailed reference for many subtle or complex facial injuries. This issue adds a more comprehensive and systematic approach to the secondary survey of the maxillofacial area and emergency department management of injuries to the face...
April 22, 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697349/styloid-process-fracture-associated-with-maxillofacial-trauma-incidence-distribution-and-management
#8
P K Tiwary, N K Sahoo, Ankur Thakral, Udayan Ranjan
PURPOSE: Fracture of the styloid process of the temporal bone has been infrequently reported. The present study evaluated the incidence, causes, distribution, and management of styloid process fracture in association with other maxillofacial fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective evaluation of patients with maxillofacial trauma over a period of 1 year was carried out and patients' characteristics, mode and distribution of injury, and length of styloid process were recorded...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691470/replica-guided-trauma-surgery
#9
F Laganà, E Segna, A Baj, G Beltramini, A Russillo, V Candotto, F J Silvestre, A B Giannì
The aim of this study is to present a new approach to the surgical treatment of fractures of the middle third of the face, based on the use of resorbable materials and stereolithographic models. From 2009 to 2014, we treated 10 cases of orbitozygomatic trauma mostly as secondary surgery. For each case, an anatomical replica had been produced simulating the expected result and was then used to contour the resorbable plates on its surface, even before the beginning of the surgical procedure itself. The plates and meshes already bended act as a guide to bony reduction procedure...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688157/the-application-of-3-dimensional-printing-for-preoperative-planning-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-in-dogs-and-cats
#10
Jenna N Winer, Frank J M Verstraete, Derek D Cissell, Steven Lucero, Kyriacos A Athanasiou, Boaz Arzi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the application of 3-dimensional (3D) printing in advanced oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) and to discuss the benefits of this modality in surgical planning, student and resident training, and client education. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 28) and cats (n = 4) with 3D printing models of the skulls. METHODS: The medical records of 32 cases with 3D printing prior to major OMFS were reviewed...
July 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682875/the-use-of-3d-printed-titanium-mesh-tray-in-treating-complex-comminuted-mandibular-fractures-a-case-report
#11
Junli Ma, Limin Ma, Zhifa Wang, Xiongjie Zhu, Weijian Wang
RATIONALE: Precise bony reduction and reconstruction of optimal contour in treating comminuted mandibular fractures is very difficult using traditional techniques and devices. The aim of this report is to introduce our experiences in using virtual surgery and three-dimensional (3D) printing technique in treating this clinical challenge. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-year-old man presented with severe trauma in the maxillofacial area due to fall from height. DIAGNOSIS: Computed tomography images revealed middle face fractures and comminuted mandibular fracture including bilateral condyles...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671175/a-rare-cause-of-ventilatory-failure-in-a-patient-with-post-traumatic-intracranial-hemorrhage
#12
Balamugesh Thangakunam, Shakti Kumar Bal, Ajay V Venkatapathy, Aparna Irodi, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher
High minute ventilation is required to lower intracranial pressures in patients with intracranial bleed. Respiratory acidemia consequent to ventilatory difficulty is dangerous in such patients as it further raises intracranial tension. We describe such a case. A 24-year-old man had to be intubated and mechanically ventilated after he met with a road traffic accident and sustained extensive maxillofacial injuries and intracranial bleed. A tooth was accidentally aspirated in this injury and progressively resulted in left lower lobe collapse, pneumomediastinum, and consequent difficult ventilation...
July 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642189/how-to-produce-pre-shaped-rigid-arch-bars-using-low-cost-3d-printing-technology%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-technical-note
#13
C Druelle, S Touzet-Roumazeille, G Raoul, J Ferri, R Nicot
Numerous oral and maxillofacial procedures in dentate patients begin with the fixation of occlusions. While several techniques exist to perform mandibulo-maxillary fixation, many surgeons use arch bars in common practice. In cases of severe craniofacial traumas or jaw malformations, such as temporomandibular joint ankylosis, it may be impossible to use rigid arch bars. This technical note reports on the development of a technique to produce pre-shaped rigid arch bars using 3D printing technology. We take the case of a patient who presents Le Fort 1, Le Fort 2 and Le Fort 3 fractures as well as a central palatine disjunction, an angular mandibular fracture and bilateral zygomatic fractures...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#14
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606439/the-epidemiological-analysis-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-italy-the-experience-of-a-single-tertiary-center-with-1720-patients
#15
Paola Bonavolontà, Giovanni Dell'aversana Orabona, Vincenzo Abbate, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Carmelo Lo Faro, Marzia Petrocelli, Federica Attanasi, Giacomo De Riu, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial fractures represent a serious public health problem. Their epidemiology is extremely variable, and its analysis is crucial to establish effective treatment and prevention of these injuries. However only two works have been published about maxillofacial fracture epidemiology in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 1720 patients diagnosed with maxillofacial fractures in a 15-years period (2001-2015) in our department were retrospectively reviewed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602382/value-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-economic-analyses
#16
Benjamin P Geisler, Yisi D Ji, Zachary S Peacock
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe the state of economic analyses in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of published literature up to 2016 was performed. The inclusion criteria were as follows: English-language articles on economic analyses pertaining to OMS including anesthesia and pain management; dentoalveolar surgery; orthognathic, cleft, and/or obstructive sleep apnea treatment; pathology; reconstruction; temporomandibular disorders; trauma; and other...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601212/awake-cricothyrotomy-a-novel-approach-to-the-surgical-airway-in-the-tactical-setting
#17
REVIEW
Robert L Mabry, Chetan U Kharod, Brad L Bennett
Airway obstruction on the battlefield is most often due to maxillofacial trauma, which may include bleeding and disrupted airway anatomy. In many of these cases, surgical cricothyrotomy (SC) is the preferred airway management procedure. SC is an emergency airway procedure performed when attempts to open an airway using nasal devices, oral devices, or tracheal intubation have failed, or when the risks from intubation are unacceptably high. The aim of this overview is to describe a novel approach to the inevitably surgical airway in which SC is the first and best procedure to manage the difficult or failed airway...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571230/comparison-of-ultrasonography-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-for-detection-of-foreign-bodies-in-maxillofacial-region
#18
Abbas Shokri, Mohammadreza Jamalpour, Behrouz Jafariyeh, Jalal Poorolajal, Negar Kanouni Sabet
INTRODUCTION: Foreign Bodies (FBs) entrapped in the maxillofacial region have a high prevalence due to trauma and accidents. Accurate localization of FBs and verifying their type and size are critical to assist the surgeon in their fast retrieval with minimal tissue damage. AIM: To assess and compare the imaging modalities including MRI, ultrasonography and Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) for detection of different types of FBs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, four types of FBs including pieces of normal glass, barium glass, wood and pebbles with equal sizes were placed randomly in two sheep heads in different locations such as upper lip, maxillary sinus and body of mandible as FBs and subjected to MRI, ultrasound and CBCT...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552270/the-accuracy-of-bedside-usg-in-the-diagnosis-of-nasal-fractures
#19
Bahadır Caglar, Suha Serin, Serhat Akay, Gokhan Yilmaz, Alper Torun, Zehra Hilal Adıbelli, Ismet Parlak
A comparison of the sensitivity and specificity of bedside ultrasonography with conventional radiography for the evaluation of nasal fractures. INTRODUCTION - PURPOSE: There is increasing use of ultrasonography in the Emergency Dept (ED) and other areas. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of bedside ultrasonography with conventional radiographs in the evaluation of nasal fractures in the ED. METHOD: Patients admitted to ED with maxillofacial trauma were evaluated in this prospective study...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551916/-high-velocity-penetrating-head-and-neck-injuries-of-syrian-civil-war-casualties-treated-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#20
Ohad Ronen, Nidal Assadi, Eyal Sela
INTRODUCTION: For two years the State of Israel has been treating casualties from the Syrian civil war. The Galilee Medical Center in Nahariya is the main hospital for this humanitarian mission. Objectives: To evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics of the casualties that were treated in our department. METHODS: Information from medical records of all Syrian casualties evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center were evaluated. RESULTS: Between March 2013 and December 2014, 450 casualties were evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center...
May 2017: Harefuah
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