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Maxillofacial trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930461/odontogenic-orofacial-infections
#1
Dario Bertossi, Antonio Barone, Antonio Iurlaro, Simone Marconcini, Daniele De Santis, Marco Finotti, Pasquale Procacci
Acute dental abscess is a frequent and sometimes underestimated disease of the oral cavity. The acute dental abscess usually occurs secondary to caries, trauma, or failed endodontic treatment. After the intact pulp chamber is opened, colonization of the root canals takes place with a variable set of anaerobic bacteria, which colonize the walls of the necrotic root canals forming a specialized mixed anaerobic biofilm. Asymptomatic necrosis is common. However, abscess formation occurs when these bacteria and their toxic products breach into the periapical tissues through the apical foramen and induce acute inflammation and pus formation...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922958/lipoma-in-the-face-associated-with-maxillofacial-trauma
#2
Fábio Roberto de Souza Batista, Jéssica Araújo Figueira, Rômulo Maciel Lustosa, João Matheus Scherbaum Eidt, Marcello Piacentini, Ângelo José Pavan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916252/knowledge-of-managing-avulsed-tooth-among-general-dental-practitioners-in-malaysia
#3
Dalia Abdullah, Suet Yeo Soo, Shalini Kanagasingam
BACKGROUND: Dental and maxillofacial injuries are one of the areas of concern highlighted in the Malaysian National Oral Health Plan 2011-2020. General dental practitioners (GDPs) have the responsibility of diagnosing and assessing dental trauma and determining the prognosis and outcomes of trauma along with its management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge base and preferred methods of general dental practitioners regarding the management of avulsed tooth. METHODS: A random convenient sampling methodology was employed for sample selection...
December 2016: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899021/does-preoperative-diplopia-determine-the-incidence-of-postoperative-diplopia-after-repair-of-orbital-floor-fracture-an-institutional-review
#4
Avisham Ramphul, Gary Hoffman
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to investigate whether the occurrence of preoperative diplopia determines the incidence of postoperative diplopia after orbital floor repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective cohort study with a review of the records of 126 consecutive patients who had undergone repair of an orbital floor fracture under the maxillofacial surgery service at John Hunter Hospital (Newcastle, NSW, Australia). The primary predictor variables were a number of demographic, etiologic, and operative factors that might influence the occurrence of diplopia...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882508/regional-early-development-and-eruption-of-permanent-teeth-case-report
#5
A M Al Mullahi, A Bakathir, S Al Jahdhami
BACKGROUND: Early development and eruption of permanent teeth are rarely reported in scientific literature. Early eruption of permanent teeth has been reported to occur due to local factors such as trauma or dental abscesses in primary teeth, and in systemic conditions. Congenital diffuse infiltrating facial lipomatosis (CDIFL) is a rare condition that belongs to a group of lipomatosis tumours. In this disorder, the mature adipocytes invade adjacent soft and hard tissues in the facial region...
November 23, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856023/don-t-blow-it-extensive-subcutaneous-emphysema-of-the-neck-caused-by-isolated-facial-injuries-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Hannah Makrides, Luke D Lawton
BACKGROUND: Although subcutaneous emphysema resulting from maxillofacial surgery is well described in the literature, the association with maxillofacial trauma is less firm. Clinically evident subcutaneous emphysema from facial injury is uncommon and extension into the cervical and mediastinal tissues is exceedingly rare, with few reported cases. CASE REPORT: An unusual case of extensive subcutaneous emphysema after facial trauma is presented. The case posed a diagnostic dilemma in our emergency department...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846861/intraosseous-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-mandible-with-a-novel-atic-alk-fusion-mutation-a-case-report
#7
Yoko Tateishi, Koji Okudela, Shigeo Kawai, Takehisa Suzuki, Shigeaki Umeda, Mai Matsumura, Mitomu Kioi, Kenichi Ohashi
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare low-grade malignant neoplasm with a predilection for children and young adults, and typically arises in the lung, abdominopelvic region, and retroperitoneum. IMTs in the maxillofacial region are extreme rare. Approximately 50% of IMT harbor rearrangements of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene at 2p23 with various fusion partners. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein report a case of intraosseous IMT of the mandible with a novel ATIC-ALK fusion...
November 15, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833693/e-cigarette-blast-injury-complex-facial-fractures-and-pneumocephalus
#8
Benjamin A Archambeau, Stephanie Young, Carol Lee, Troy Pennington, Christopher Vanderbeek, Dan Miulli, John Culhane, Michael Neeki
Electronic cigarettes (also known as e-cigarettes or e-cigs) are becoming a popular method of recreational nicotine use over recent years. The growth of new brands and devices has been outpacing the FDA's ability to regulate them. As a result, some of these devices fail without warning, most likely from malfunction of the lithium-ion batteries that are in close proximity to volatile compounds within the device. Failures have occurred during both use and storage of the devices or their components. The subsequent injuries from several of these events, including full thickness burns requiring grafting and blast injuries, have been observed at Arrowhead Regional Medical Center, a regional trauma and burn center in southern California...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833492/submandibular-intubation-in-awake-patient-of-panfacial-trauma
#9
S K Kamra, H K Khandavilli, P Banerjee
Maxillofacial trauma patients present with airway problems. Submandibular intubation is an effective means of intubation to avoid tracheostomy for operative procedures. Airway is secured with oral endotracheal intubation in paralyzed patient and tube is then transplaced in sub mental or submandibular region. However there may be instances when paralyzing such trauma patients is not safe and short term tracheostomy is the only airway channel available for conduction of anesthesia. We report a case of submandibular intubation in awake patient of maxillofacial trauma with anticipated intubation problems...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833333/zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures-a-review-of-101-cases
#10
Bhasker Yamsani, Rajasekhar Gaddipati, Nandagopal Vura, Sudhir Ramisetti, Rajitha Yamsani
AIM: ZMC fractures are the common facial injuries. The main causes of fractures are trauma due to RTAs, assaults, falls, sports related injuries, and the civilian warfares. This study is to evaluate and review the etiology, incidence, clinical findings and treatment of ZMC fractures. A sincere effort has been put forward in the management of ZMC fractures and their efficacy is evaluated in the larger interest of the patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study 101 patients having displaced ZMC fractures with insignificant medical history were reviewed to evaluate the versatility of its management, with the main emphasis on post operative stability, restoration of mouth opening, wound healing, esthetic restoration of the prominence of cheek and the complications encountered...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829774/difficulties-encountered-in-preauricular-approach-over-retromandibular-approach-in-condylar-fracture
#11
Perumal Jayavelu, R Riaz, A R Tariq Salam, B Saravanan, R Karthick
Fracture of mandible can be classified according to its anatomical location, in which condylar fracture is the most common one overall and is missed on clinical examination. Due to the unique geometry of the mandible and temporomandibular joint, without treatment the fractures can result in marked pain, dysfunction, and deformity. The condylar fracture may be further classified depending on the sides involved: unilateral/bilateral, depending on the height of fracture: intracapsular (within the head of condyle), extracapsular - head and neck (high condyle fracture), and subcondylar (low condyle fracture), and depending on displacement: nondisplaced, displaced (anteromedially, medially, and lateral), and dislocated...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823937/orbital-blowout-fractures-a-novel-computed-tomographic-measurement-that-can-predict-the-likelihood-of-surgical-management
#12
Tamer N Mansour, Megan Rudolph, Derek Brown, Natalie Mansour, M Reza Taheri
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify an accurate and reliable computed tomographic (CT) measurement that can identify those patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with orbital floor fracture (BOF) who require surgical repair to prevent ensuing visually debilitating diplopia and/or enophthalmos. METHODS: In this retrospective institutional review board-approved study, we reviewed 99 patients older than 18 years with orbital fractures treated in a level I trauma center from 2011 through 2015...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792804/trismus-as-a-clinical-manifestation-of-tetanus-a-case-report
#13
Ioannis Papadiochos, Sofia Papadiochou, Vassilis Petsinis, Lampros Goutzanis, Charikleia Atsali, Nikolaos Papadogeorgaki
Although the incidence of tetanus disease has radically declined in developed countries, both dental practitioners and oral and maxillofacial surgeons should be knowledgeable about its diagnosis since initial manifestations of the disease, such as trismus and dysphagia, are observed in the orofacial region. This study reports on a case of generalized tetanus diagnosed in a middle-aged man. Before the tetanus diagnosis, the patient had sought medical advice from seven different health care professionals, including a dentist and an oral and maxillofacial surgeon...
October 2016: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781021/the-use-of-adipose-tissue-derived-progenitors-in-bone-tissue-engineering-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Indranil Bhattacharya, Chafik Ghayor, Franz E Weber
2500 years ago, Hippocrates realized that bone can heal without scaring. The natural healing potential of bone is, however, restricted to small defects. Extended bone defects caused by trauma or during tumor resections still pose a huge problem in orthopedics and cranio-maxillofacial surgery. Bone tissue engineering strategies using stem cells, growth factors, and scaffolds could overcome the problems with the treatment of extended bone defects. In this review, we give a short overview on bone tissue engineering with emphasis on the use of adipose tissue-derived stem cells and small molecules...
September 2016: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752203/meta-analysis-of-etiology-and-its-clinical-and-radiological-correlation-in-cases-of-craniomaxillofacial-trauma
#15
Ritesh Kumar, Syed Saeed Ahmed, Gulam Sarwar Hashmi, Md Kalim Ansari, Sajjad Abdur Rahman
AIM: The present study was planned to investigate the etiology of injuries and to analyze correlation between clinical and radiological findings in cases of craniomaxillofacial trauma. STUDY DESIGN: An 18 months cross-sectional study was done and 325 patients with maxillofacial fractures were analyzed from January 2013 to June 2014 who reported to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. Data was recorded in a preformed case sheet which included: patient's demographic data, cause of injury, type of injury, treatment plan...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752202/ophthalmological-evaluation-by-a-maxillofacial-surgeon-and-an-ophthalmologist-in-assessing-the-damage-to-the-orbital-contents-in-midfacial-fractures-a-prospective-study
#16
Satishkumar G Patil, Imtiaz A Kotwal, Udupikrishna Joshi, Soumya Allurkar, Nitin Thakur, Aafreen Aftab
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Midfacial fractures may often be associated with injuries to the orbit which may lead to notable dysfunction of the visual apparatus, if not detected early after injury. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the associated ophthalmic injuries in mid-face trauma and to emphasize the need for understanding the ophthalmic signs and symptoms by an attending maxillofacial surgeon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total number of 60 clinically and radiographically proven subjects with midfacial fractures were considered in the study that underwent complete ophthalmological evaluation at initial presentation...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750050/microwave-ablation-a-novel-treatment-for-the-mucoceles-of-anterior-lingual-salivary-glands
#17
Hao Feng, Shasha Wang, Yan Liu, Xuejuan Liao, Yaling Tang, Xinhua Liang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of microwave ablation as a substitute for surgery in patients with a mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University (Chengdu, China), 78 patients with a clinical diagnosis of a mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands underwent microwave ablation from November 2012 to May 2015...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745621/damage-control-resuscitation-for-catastrophic-bleeding
#18
Chase L Andreason, Timothy H Pohlman
The timely recognition of shock secondary to hemorrhage from severe facial trauma or as a complication of complex oral and maxillofacial surgery presents formidable challenges. Specific hemostatic disorders are induced by hemorrhage and several extreme homeostatic imbalances may appear during or after resuscitation. Damage control resuscitation has evolved from massive transfusion to a more complex therapeutic paradigm that includes hemodynamic resuscitation, hemostatic resuscitation, and homeostatic resuscitation...
November 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743391/alcohol-involved-maxillofacial-fractures
#19
Kai Lee, James Olsen, Jiandong Sun, Arun Chandu
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol related facial trauma is an increasingly prominent social problem and health hazard. Interpersonal violence (IPV) is often implicated in these trauma presentations and the facial skeleton frequently targeted. This paper examines the characteristics of admitted patients with alcohol-related facial fractures. METHODS: Electronic data of patients assessed or treated with facial fractures from January 2012 to December 2014 at Western Health was obtained through Clinical Record Department...
October 15, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723646/surgical-correction-of-severe-enophthalmos-caused-by-bullet-injury
#20
S M Balaji
Ballistic injuries of oral and maxillofacial region are usually fatal due to close propinquity with the vital structures. The severity of injury depends on the caliber of the weapon used and distance from which the patient is shot. The preliminary care of facial ballistic wounds strictly adheres to the basics of trauma resuscitation. Early and appropriate surgical management has proved to be influential on the final outcome and esthetic result. Treatment of facial gunshot wounds should be planned and carried out carefully to avoid esthetic complications...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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