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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242179/individual-differences-in-the-relationship-between-attachment-and-nomophobia-among-college-students-the-mediating-role-of-mindfulness
#1
Ibrahim Arpaci, Mustafa Baloğlu, Hatice İrem Özteke Kozan, Şahin Kesici
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in nomophobia, which is defined as the fear of being out of cellular phone contact, or "feelings of discomfort or anxiety experienced by individuals when they are unable to use their mobile phones or utilize the affordances these devices provide". However, only limited research can be found in terms of its determinants at present. Contemporary literature suggests that the relationships among attachment styles, mindfulness, and nomophobia have not been investigated...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242138/a-high-prevalence-of-food-insecurity-among-university-students-in-appalachia-reflects-a-need-for-educational-interventions-and-policy-advocacy
#2
Laura Helena McArthur, Lanae Ball, Ariel C Danek, Donald Holbert
OBJECTIVES: To measure prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among college students in Appalachia, compare food-insecure and food-secure students on correlates, and identify predictor variables. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, online questionnaire. SETTING: University in Appalachia. PARTICIPANTS: Nonprobability, random sample of 1,093 students (317 male [30.1%]; 723 females [68.4%]). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Food insecurity, coping strategies, money expenditure, academic progress, and demographics...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240589/infrared-skin-thermometry-validating-and-comparing-techniques-to-detect-periwound-skin-infection
#3
Asfandyar Mufti, Ranjani Somayaji, Patricia Coutts, R Gary Sibbald
OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of wound infection can be challenging because it relies on a combination of clinical signs and symptoms that are often nonspecific. Increased periwound cutaneous temperature is a classic sign of deep and surrounding wound infection, and its quantitative measurement is one of the most reliable and valid clinical signs of deep and surrounding skin infection at the bedside. Skin surface temperature differences may be detected using commercially available noncontact infrared thermometers...
January 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236719/neighbourhood-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-multilevel-analysis
#4
Vânia Rocha, Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Milton Severo, Henrique Barros, Sílvia Fraga
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and health-related quality of life in urban neighbourhoods, using a multilevel approach. METHODS: Of the population-based cohort EPIPorto, 1154 georeferenced participants completed the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. Neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation classes were estimated using latent-class analysis. Multilevel models measured clustering and contextual effects of neighbourhood deprivation on physical and mental HRQoL...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235193/chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-european-older-adults-cross-national-and-gender-differences
#5
M Cimas, A Ayala, B Sanz, M S Agulló-Tomás, A Escobar, M J Forjaz
BACKGROUND: In an ageing Europe, chronic pain is a major public health problem, but robust epidemiological data are scarce. This study aimed to analyse the prevalence of and factors associated with chronic musculoskeletal pain by gender in older adults of 14 European countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed from wave 5 of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The study included people ≥50 years residing in Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233525/relationships-between-temporomandibular-joint-disk-displacements-and-condylar-volume
#6
Sug-Joon Ahn, Min-Seok Chang, Jeong-Ho Choi, Il-Hyung Yang, Jung-Sub An, Min-Suk Heo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between mandibular condylar volume and disk displacement status in adult males and females. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated 122 temporomandibular joints in 61 patients using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT). MRI data were used to assign disk status as normal disk position (NR), disk displacement with reduction (DDR), or disk displacement without reduction (DDNR). CT data were used to calculate total condylar volume and its components, cortical volume, and trabecular volume...
November 14, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225944/biopsychosocial-factors-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-disability-in-rural-nigeria-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#7
Chinonso Nwamaka Igwesi-Chidobe, Bolaji Coker, Chika N Onwasigwe, Isaac O Sorinola, Emma L Godfrey
Introduction: Many people in Nigeria are living with disability due to chronic low back pain (CLBP), with the greatest burden accounted for by people living in rural Nigeria. However, factors associated with disability in rural Nigeria have not yet been established. We investigated the biomechanical and psychosocial predictors of CLBP disability in a rural Nigerian population. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adults with non-specific CLBP recruited from rural communities in Enugu State, South-eastern Nigeria...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223112/development-of-the-handwriting-legibility-scale-hls-a-preliminary-examination-of-reliability-and-validity
#8
Anna L Barnett, Mellissa Prunty, Sara Rosenblum
BACKGROUND: Demands for the production of legible handwriting produced in a timely manner increase as children progress through school. Despite the considerable number of children faced with handwriting difficulties, there is no quick and practical tool to assess legibility in this population. AIM: The aim of this study was to develop the Handwriting Legibility Scale (HLS) and to establish the scale's reliability and validity. METHODS: The HLS is a non-language dependent scale which assesses global legibility, based on five criteria applied to samples of 'free writing'...
December 6, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220378/predisposing-factors-to-the-practice-of-self-medication-in-brazil-results-from-the-national-survey-on-access-use-and-promotion-of-rational-use-of-medicines-pnaum
#9
Emilia da Silva Pons, Daniela Riva Knauth, Álvaro Vigo, Sotero Serrate Mengue
OBJECTIVE: To understand the predisposing factors that lead to the practice of self-medication and the factors associated with the use of medicines via self-medication in the adult population of Brazil. METHODS: The analyzed data are part of the National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM), a survey whose population consisted of individual residents permanently domiciled in urban areas in Brazil. In this work, the data references the 31 573 respondents aged 20 or higher (76...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219245/behavior-profiles-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-kindergarten-comparison-with-other-developmental-disabilities-and-typically-developing-children
#10
Magdalena Janus, Emma Mauti, Matt Horner, Eric Duku, Ayesha Siddiqua, Scott Davies
Monitoring behavior patterns that may be specific to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at a population level has the potential to improve the allocation of intervention strategies and reduction of the burden of the disease. In Ontario, Canada, developmental data are regularly collected for all kindergarten children with the Early Development Instrument (EDI), a teacher-completed questionnaire that provides information on children's status in five domains: physical, social, emotional, language/cognitive, and communication/general knowledge...
December 8, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217115/-psychosomatic-symptoms-as-an-expression-of-the-deterioration-of-the-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents
#11
Rosa M Fuentes Chacón, M José Simón Saiz, Margarita Garrido Abejar, M Dolores Serrano Parra, M Elisa Larrañaga Rubio, Santiago Yubero Jiménez
AIM: To analyze, in a population of adolescents in school, the relationship between psychosomatic symptoms and the perception of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), differentiating by gender and age group. DESIGN: Transversal study. LOCATION: Five Secondary Schools. PARTICIPANTS: Eight hundred and forty four adolescents between the ages of 15 and 18 in secondary school. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: HRQoL using KIDSCREEN-52 and psychosomatic symptoms with the psychosomatic problems scale (PSP)...
December 4, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215497/gender-differences-for-anterior-cervical-fusion-complications-and-length-of-stay
#12
Bryce A Basques, Fady Y Hijji, Benjamin Khechen, Brittany E Haws, Benjamin C Mayo, Dustin H Massel, Philip K Louie, Kaitlyn L Cardinal, Jordan A Guntin, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort OBJECTIVE.: To assess differences in baseline characteristics between genders of patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and risk factors for adverse outcomes according to gender. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is a common treatment for cervical spine disease. To reduce the rate of complications, risk factors associated for adverse events have been identified. However, few studies have examined the risk for inferior outcomes or complications following ACDF by gender...
December 5, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214716/psychometric-assessment-of-the-spiritual-climate-scale-arabic-version-for-nurses-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Hamdan Mohammad Albaqawi, Sami Melbes Alharbi, Jerico G Alicante, Luciano M Vitorino, Hamzeh Y Abunab
AIM: To assess the psychometric properties of the Spiritual Climate Scale Arabic version for Saudi nurses. BACKGROUND: Evidence showed that a high level of spiritual climate in the workplace is associated with increased productivity and performance, enhanced emotional intelligence, organisational commitment and job satisfaction among nurses. METHOD: A convenient sample of 165 Saudi nurses was surveyed in this descriptive, cross-sectional study...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212629/patients-acceptance-of-smartphone-health-technology-for-chronic-disease-management-a-theoretical-model-and-empirical-test
#14
Kaili Dou, Ping Yu, Ning Deng, Fang Liu, YingPing Guan, Zhenye Li, Yumeng Ji, Ningkai Du, Xudong Lu, Huilong Duan
BACKGROUND: Chronic disease patients often face multiple challenges from difficult comorbidities. Smartphone health technology can be used to help them manage their conditions only if they accept and use the technology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and test a theoretical model to predict and explain the factors influencing patients' acceptance of smartphone health technology for chronic disease management. METHODS: Multiple theories and factors that may influence patients' acceptance of smartphone health technology have been reviewed...
December 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212563/clinically-relevant-and-simple-immune-system-measure-is-related-to-symptom-burden-in-bipolar-disorder
#15
Ole Köhler-Forsberg, Louisa Sylvia, Thilo Deckersbach, Michael Joshua Ostacher, Melvin McInnis, Dan Iosifescu, Charles Bowden, Susan McElroy, Joseph Calabrese, Michael Thase, Richard Charles Shelton, Mauricio Tohen, James Kocsis, Edward Friedman, Terence Ketter, Andrew Alan Nierenberg
OBJECTIVE: Immunological theories, particularly the sickness syndrome theory, may explain psychopathology in mood disorders. However, no clinical trials have investigated the association between overall immune system markers with a wide range of specific symptoms including potential gender differences. METHODS: We included two similar clinical trials, the lithium treatment moderate-dose use study and clinical and health outcomes initiatives in comparative effectiveness for bipolar disorder study, enrolling 765 participants with bipolar disorder...
December 7, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212539/the-relationships-between-the-combination-of-person-and-organization-related-conditions-and-patients-perceptions-of-palliative-care-quality
#16
Tuva Sandsdalen, Sevald Høye, Ingrid Rystedt, Vigdis Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Reidun Hov, Bodil Wilde-Larsson
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the combination of person- and organization- related conditions and the relationships with patients' perspectives of care quality. Such a combination could contribute knowledge reflecting the complexity of clinical practice, and enhance individualized care. The aim was to investigate the relationships between the combination of person- and organization-related conditions and patients' perceptions of palliative care quality. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, including 191 patients in the late palliative phase (73% response rate) admitted to hospice inpatient care (n = 72), hospice day care (n = 51), palliative units in nursing homes (n = 30) and home care (n = 38), was conducted between November 2013 and December 2014, using the instrument Quality from the Patients' Perspective specific to palliative care (QPP-PC)...
December 6, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212502/a-spatial-analysis-of-dietary-patterns-in-a-large-representative-population-in-the-north-of-the-netherlands-the-lifelines-cohort-study
#17
Louise H Dekker, Richard H Rijnks, Dirk Strijker, Gerjan J Navis
BACKGROUND: Diet is an important modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases. In the search for effective strategies to improve dietary patterns in order to promote healthy ageing, new approaches considering contextual factors in public health medicine are warranted. The aim of this study is to examine the spatial clustering of dietary patterns in a large representative sample of adults. METHODS: Dietary patterns were defined on the basis of a 111 item Food Frequency Questionnaire among n = 117,570 adults using principal components analysis...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199783/physical-and-technical-demands-of-elite-beach-volleyball-according-to-playing-position-and-gender
#18
Simone Natali, Davide Ferioli, Antonio LA Torre, Matteo Bonato
BACKGROUND: Beach volleyball is a team sport played by two teams of two players on a sand court divided by a net. To date, research has mainly focused on male beach volleyball players. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess work-rest ratio and physical actions between males and females according to their role. METHODS: Forty-two elite beach volley players (24 males and 18 females) were filmed during 12 beach volleyball matches of the Swatch Major Series 2016 of the beach volleyball World Tour in Poreč in (Croatia)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199054/a-multilevel-approach-to-modeling-health-inequalities-at-the-intersection-of-multiple-social-identities
#19
Clare R Evans, David R Williams, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, S V Subramanian
RATIONALE: Examining interactions between numerous interlocking social identities and the systems of oppression and privilege that shape them is central to health inequalities research. Multilevel models are an alternative and novel approach to examining health inequalities at the intersection of multiple social identities. This approach draws attention to the heterogeneity within and between intersectional social strata by partitioning the total variance across two levels. METHOD: Utilizing a familiar empirical example from social epidemiology-body mass index among U...
November 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198228/psychometric-properties-of-the-condom-use-barriers-scale-for-adolescents
#20
Silvia Escribano, José P Espada, Alexandra Morales, Mireia Orgilés
Inconsistent condom use in young people is related to the perceived barriers to their use. The psychometric properties and factor structure of the new Condom Use Barriers Scale for Adolescents (CUBS-A) are analyzed. Concurrent validity was assessed by the Attitude towards condom use subscale of the validated HIV-AS test and the percentage of condom use variable. A total of 629 Spanish adolescents whose mean age was 15.17 (SD = 1.09; 51.5% boys) participated. Exploratory factor analysis supported a 15-item instrument with four factors: negotiation skills, perceived feelings, negative aspects of condoms, and disruption of the sexual experience, which explained 41...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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