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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676296/a-profile-of-noise-sensitivity-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-among-young-motorcyclists
#1
Anila Ali, Roslinah M Hussain, Nazri C Dom, Razi Ikhwan Md Rashid
Introduction: Motorcycle riders with noise sensitivity (NS) may suffer from degraded health-related quality of life (HRQOL) because they are exposed to acute noise levels on a daily basis. Materials and Methods: This study was aimed to identify the relationship between NS and HRQOL among young motorcycle riders (undergraduate university students) aged between 19 and 25 years (n = 301) through a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study, that is, Weinstein noise sensitivity scale and the World Health Organization Quality of Life...
March 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671118/application-of-computer-aided-tongue-inspection-for-preliminary-screening-of-esophageal-cancer
#2
Jin-Long Duan, Bo Deng, Guo-Hui Song, Zhi-Feng Chen, Yan-Wei Gong, Yu-Hua He, Li-Qun Jia
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate patients with esophageal cancer or premalignant lesions from the high-risk population for preliminary screening of esophageal cancer using a feature index determined by a computer-aided tongue information acquisition and processing system (DS01-B). METHODS: Totally, 213 patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer or premalignant lesions and 2,840 normal subjects were collected including primarily screened and reexamined, all of them were confirmed with histological examinations...
April 17, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669363/couples-facing-the-birth-of-a-newborn-with-a-congenital-anomaly-ptsd-symptoms-in-the-first-year
#3
Francesca Bevilacqua, Francesco Morini, Antonio Zaccara, Chiara De Marchis, Annabella Braguglia, Simonetta Gentile, Pietro Bagolan, Lucia Aite
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to assess the presence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in parental couples of newborn requiring early surgery at 6 and 12 months after birth. STUDY DESIGN:  A longitudinal study was set up from January 2014 to June 2015. As a measure of PTSD, we used the Italian version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). RESULTS:  Thirty-four couples form the object of the study...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666929/development-of-physical-fitness-in-austrian-primary-school-children-a-longitudinal-study-among-overweight-and-non-overweight-children-over-2-5-years
#4
Gerhard Ruedl, Dominik Franz, Anika Frühauf, Martin Kopp, Martin Niedermeier, Clemens Drenowatz, Klaus Greier
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and physical fitness play an important role in the prevention of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence and reduce the risk of becoming overweight or obese in adulthood. AIM: To evaluate the development of physical fitness in overweight and non-overweight primary school children from the first to third grades. METHODS: Using a longitudinal study design, body height and weight as well as physical fitness of primary school children from Tyrol, Austria were measured five times during a period of 2...
April 17, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665163/lowered-quality-of-life-in-mood-disorders-is-associated-with-increased-neuro-oxidative-stress-and-basal-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levels-and-use-of-anticonvulsant-mood-stabilizers
#5
Caroline Sampaio Nunes, Michael Maes, Chutima Roomruangwong, Juliana Brum Moraes, Kamila Landucci Bonifacio, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, George Anderson, Luiz Gustavo Piccoli de Melo, Stoyanov Drozdstoj, Estefania Moreira, André F Carvalho, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
RATIONALE, AIMS: Major affective disorders including bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Oxidative stress and subtle thyroid abnormalities may play a pathophysiological role in both disorders. Thus, the current study was performed to examine whether neuro-oxidative biomarkers and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels could predict HRQoL in BD and MDD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 68 BD and 37 MDD patients and 66 healthy controls...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661090/are-disease-severity-sleep-related-problems-and-anxiety-associated-with-work-functioning-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#6
Vladimira Timkova, Iveta Nagyova, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Ruzena Tkacova, Jitse P van Dijk, Ute Bültmann
PURPOSE: To examine whether Obstructive Sleep Apnoea severity, sleep-related problems, and anxiety are associated with work functioning in Obstructive Sleep Apnoea patients, when controlled for age, gender and type of occupation. To investigate whether anxiety moderates the associations between sleep-related problems and work functioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 105 Obstructive Sleep Apnoea patients (70% male; mean age 46.62 ± 9.79 years). All patients completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Work Role Functioning Questionnaire-2...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660987/ecological-influences-on-employees-workplace-sedentary-behavior-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Amanda H Wilkerson, Stuart L Usdan, Adam P Knowlden, James L Leeper, David A Birch, Elizabeth E Hibberd
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between ecological factors and occupational sedentary behavior (SB). DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: Participants were employees recruited from a large, public university in the Southeastern United States from August to November 2016. PARTICIPANTS: The final sample included 527 (56% response rate) employees. MEASURES: Data were collected through an 87-item survey using previously validated scales that assessed occupational SB, perceived behavioral control, barrier self-efficacy, self-regulation strategies, organizational social norms, office environment, and worksite climate...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659658/effect-of-dietary-fat-intake-and-genetics-on-fat-taste-sensitivity-a-co-twin-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Andrew Costanzo, Caryl Nowson, Liliana Orellana, Dieuwerke Bolhuis, Konsta Duesing, Russell Keast
Background: Individuals with impaired fat taste (FT) sensitivity have reduced satiety responses after consuming fatty foods, leading to increased dietary fat intake. Habitual consumption of dietary fat may modulate sensitivity to FT, with high consumption decreasing sensitivity [increasing fatty acid taste threshold (FATT)] and low consumption increasing sensitivity (decreasing FATT). However, some individuals may be less susceptible to diet-mediated changes in FATT due to variations in gene expression...
April 6, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659605/chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-global-adult-hiv-infected-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Udeme E Ekrikpo, Andre P Kengne, Aminu K Bello, Emmanuel E Effa, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Babatunde L Salako, Brian L Rayner, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Ikechi G Okpechi
INTRODUCTION: The widespread use of antiretroviral therapies (ART) has increased life expectancy in HIV patients, predisposing them to chronic non-communicable diseases including Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO registration number CRD42016036246) to determine the global and regional prevalence of CKD in HIV patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO and AJOL for articles published between January 1982 and May 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655971/predictive-validity-and-gender-differences-in-a-biopsychosocial-model-of-violence-risk-assessment-in-acute-psychiatry
#10
Bjørn Magne S Eriksen, Ann Færden, Øyvind Lockertsen, Stål Bjørkly, John Olav Roaldset
Current violence risk assessment methods seem to have reached an upper limit of accuracy. More comprehensive biopsychosocial models may improve on existing methods. Research on gender differences concerning risk factors of violence is scarce and inconclusive. In this prospective study from an acute psychiatric ward, all patients admitted from March 2012 to March 2013 were included. Predictive validity and potential gender differences in a biopsychosocial model of violence risk assessment consisting of a psychosocial checklist (Violence risk screening-10, V-RISK-10), a patient's self-report risk scale (SRS), total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) were examined in an inpatient (N = 348) and a 3-months follow-up (N = 101) sample...
April 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655398/adult-empathy-possible-gender-differences-in-gene-environment-architecture-for-cognitive-and-emotional-components-in-a-large-italian-twin-sample
#11
Virgilia Toccaceli, Corrado Fagnani, Nancy Eisenberg, Guido Alessandri, Augusto Vitale, Maria Antonietta Stazi
Empathy plays a central role in prosocial behavior and human cooperation. Very few twin researchers have investigated innate and environmental effects in adult empathy, and twin research on gender differences in these effects is sparse. The goal of this study was to examine innate and environmental influences on three components of an empathy scale frequently used with adults - the expression of cognitive (CE), emotional (EE), and social skills (SS) empathy - and to explore gender differences in the influences...
April 15, 2018: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653350/relevance-of-treated-cocaine-users-retrospective-memory-of-first-cocaine-use
#12
Emily Karsinti, Kristel Piani, El Hedi Zerdazi, Uwe Maskos, Philippe Faure, Lucia Romo, Frank Bellivier, Georges Brousse, Jean Pierre Lépine, Vanessa Bloch, Florence Vorspan
Little is known regarding between-subject variability in the subjective effects of first cocaine use. This study retrospectively assesses the subjective effects of first cocaine use in 160 current treatment-seeking cocaine use disorder patients. Subjective effects of first cocaine use were evaluated with an ad-hoc questionnaire used for cannabis effects. A principal component analysis (PCA) was performed, with resulting factors correlated with clinical variables (α = 0.05). Four factors emerged in the PCA, namely Anxiety (accounting for 21...
March 29, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649998/effectiveness-of-ultrasonography-and-nerve-conduction-studies-in-the-diagnosing-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-clinical-trial-on-accuracy
#13
Benedito Felipe Rabay Pimentel, Flávio Faloppa, Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki, João Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two diagnostic tests routinely used for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)-ultrasonography (US) and nerve conduction studies (NCS)-by comparing their accuracy based on surgical results, with the remission of paresthesia as the reference standard. METHODS: We enrolled 115 patients, all of the female gender with a high probability of a clinical diagnosis of CTS. All patients underwent US and NCS for a diagnosis and subsequent surgical treatment...
April 12, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649015/validation-of-the-5-item-medication-adherence-report-scale-in-older-stroke-patients-in-iran
#14
Chung-Ying Lin, Huang-Tz Ou, Mehdi Nikoobakht, Anders Broström, Kristofer Årestedt, Amir H Pakpour
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of feasible and validated measures to self-assess medication adherence for older patients with stroke. In addition, the potential determinants of medication adherence for older patients with stroke remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to (1) examine the psychometric properties of a 5-item questionnaire on medication adherence, specifically the 5-item Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS-5), and (2) explore the determinants of medication adherence...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648593/validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-european-health-literacy-survey-questionnaire
#15
Filiz Abacigil, Hacer Harlak, Pinar Okyay, Didem Evci Kiraz, Selen Gursoy Turan, Gulnur Saruhan, Kagan Karakaya, Hakan Tuzun, Emine Baran Deniz, Omer Tontus, Erdal Beser
Health literacy is a public health priority which refers to individual's knowledge, motivation and competence to access, understand, appraise and apply health information to prevent disease and promote health in daily life. This study aimed to adapt European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) into Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties. The questionnaire was translated into Turkish by using both group translation and expert opinion methods. Forward translation-back translation method was used for language validity and the final Turkish version (HLS-TR) was formed...
April 10, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629391/medical-students-perceptions-of-small-group-teaching-effectiveness-in-hybrid-curriculum
#16
Pradeep Kumar Sahu, Shivananda Nayak, Vincent Rodrigues
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was designed to investigate medical students' perceptions of small group teaching effectiveness in a hybrid curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive survey was conducted at the School of Medicine, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine where we collected the data from 195 undergraduate students. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of 25 items was used to measure students' perception on the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) with regard to learning experience, teamwork, confidence, communication skills, and role of the tutor...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628735/chilean-dentistry-students-levels-of-empathy-and-empathic-erosion-necessary-evaluation-before-a-planned-intervention-levels-of-empathy-evaluation-and-intervention
#17
Víctor Patricio Díaz-Narváez, Ana Cristina Amezaga-Avitia, Pablo Alexander Sarabia-Alvarez, Macarena Lagos-Elgueta, Monserrat Saavedra-Madrid, Pablo Silva-Reyes, Mariela Padilla, María Paz Rodríguez-Hopp
Objectives: To estimate the general empathy levels and the potential for empathic growth in Dentistry students and demonstrate that the empathic erosion model is not med. Material and methods: Exploratory and cross-sectional study. Population: First- to fifth-year Dentistry students at Universidad San Sebastián, Santiago Campus (Chile). The total student population (N) was 800. The participants completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy in its Spanish version for medical students, validated and adapted in Chile...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623597/coping-mediates-the-relationship-between-sense-of-coherence-and-mental-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-illness-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Marja-Leena Kristofferzon, Maria Engström, Annika Nilsson
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate relationships between sense of coherence, emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, coping efficiency, and mental quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic illness. A model based on Lazarus' and Folkman's stress and coping theory tested the specific hypothesis: Sense of coherence has a direct and indirect effect on mental QoL mediated by emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping, and coping efficiency in serial adjusted for age, gender, educational level, comorbidity, and economic status...
April 5, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621265/optimum-strata-boundaries-and-sample-sizes-in-health-surveys-using-auxiliary-variables
#19
Karuna Garan Reddy, Mohammad G M Khan, Sabiha Khan
Using convenient stratification criteria such as geographical regions or other natural conditions like age, gender, etc., is not beneficial in order to maximize the precision of the estimates of variables of interest. Thus, one has to look for an efficient stratification design to divide the whole population into homogeneous strata that achieves higher precision in the estimation. In this paper, a procedure for determining Optimum Stratum Boundaries (OSB) and Optimum Sample Sizes (OSS) for each stratum of a variable of interest in health surveys is developed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617408/can-twitter-be-used-to-predict-county-excessive-alcohol-consumption-rates
#20
Brenda Curtis, Salvatore Giorgi, Anneke E K Buffone, Lyle H Ungar, Robert D Ashford, Jessie Hemmons, Dan Summers, Casey Hamilton, H Andrew Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: The current study analyzes a large set of Twitter data from 1,384 US counties to determine whether excessive alcohol consumption rates can be predicted by the words being posted from each county. METHODS: Data from over 138 million county-level tweets were analyzed using predictive modeling, differential language analysis, and mediating language analysis. RESULTS: Twitter language data captures cross-sectional patterns of excessive alcohol consumption beyond that of sociodemographic factors (e...
2018: PloS One
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