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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550964/what-are-the-determinants-of-mortality-after-cemented-bipolar-hemiarthroplasty-for-unstable-intertrochanteric-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#1
Yalkin Camurcu, Adem Cobden, Hakan Sofu, Nuh Saklavci, Mehmet Kis
BACKGROUND: Primary hemiarthroplasty is proposed for the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients with the advantages of early mobilization, acceptable functional results, and lower failure rates. The 1-year mortality rates demonstrated high variance in the literature, whereas, the factors related to 1-year mortality were not widely investigated. The main purpose of the present study was to determine predictive factors related to 1-year mortality after primary cemented calcar-replacement bipolar hemiarthroplasty performed for unstable intertrochanteric fracture...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545785/somatization-among-persons-with-turkish-origin-results-of-the-pretest-of-the-german-national-cohort-study
#2
Eva Morawa, Nico Dragano, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus, Tilman Brand, Yesim Erim
OBJECTIVE: Despite the emerging need to examine mental health of immigrants, there are no investigations designed to analyze representative samples in Germany. The aim of the present study was to explore the severity of somatic symptoms/somatization among a sample of considerable size consisting of persons with Turkish origin. We studied whether somatization was associated with sociodemographic and migration-related characteristics. METHODS: This examination was part of a pretest for a large national epidemiological cohort study in Germany...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543718/introduction-of-a-new-instrument-to-measure-motivation-for-gaming-the-electronic-gaming-motives-questionnaire
#3
Helga Myrseth, Guy Notelaers, Leif Åge Strand, Einar Kristian Borud, Olav Kjellevold Olsen
AIMS: To adapt the four-dimensional Gambling Motives Questionnaire-Revised (GMQ-R) to measure the motivation for engaging in electronic gaming, and to validate the internal structure and investigate the criterion validity of the new Electronic Gaming Motives Questionnaire (EGMQ). DESIGN AND SETTING: The GMQ-R was adapted to measure motivation for playing video games and the new instrument was tested on a sample of Norwegian conscripts randomly selected from the pool of conscripts who started their military service between 2013 and 2015...
May 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538707/self-esteem-and-academic-difficulties-in-preadolescents-and-adolescents-healed-from-paediatric-leukaemia
#4
Marta Tremolada, Livia Taverna, Sabrina Bonichini, Giuseppe Basso, Marta Pillon
Adolescents with cancer may demonstrate problems in their self-esteem and schooling. This study aims to screen the preadolescents and adolescents more at risk in their self-esteem perception and schooling difficulties post-five years from the end of therapy. Twenty-five paediatric ex-patients healed from leukaemia were recruited at the Haematology-Oncologic Clinic (University of Padua). The mean age of the children was 13.64 years (Standard Deviation (SD)) = 3.08, range = 10-19 years), most were treated for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) (84%) and relatively equally distributed by gender...
May 24, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537109/facial-and-prosodic-emotion-recognition-in-social-anxiety-disorder
#5
Huai-Hsuan Tseng, Yu-Lien Huang, Jian-Ting Chen, Kuei-Yu Liang, Chao-Cheng Lin, Sue-Huei Chen
INTRODUCTION: Patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) have a cognitive preference to negatively evaluate emotional information. In particular, the preferential biases in prosodic emotion recognition in SAD have been much less explored. The present study aims to investigate whether SAD patients retain negative evaluation biases across visual and auditory modalities when given sufficient response time to recognise emotions. METHODS: Thirty-one SAD patients and 31 age- and gender-matched healthy participants completed a culturally suitable non-verbal emotion recognition task and received clinical assessments for social anxiety and depressive symptoms...
May 24, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526084/liver-phospholipids-fatty-acids-composition-in-response-to-different-types-of-diets-in-rats-of-both-sexes
#6
Slavica Ranković, Tamara Popović, Jasmina Debeljak Martačić, Snježana Petrović, Mirko Tomić, Đurđica Ignjatović, Gordana Tovilović-Kovačević, Maria Glibetić
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake influence changes in fatty acids (FA) profiles in liver which plays a central role in fatty acid metabolism, triacylglycerol synthesis and energy homeostasis. We investigated the effects of 4-weeks treatment with milk- and fish-based diet, on plasma biochemical parameters and FA composition of liver phospholipids (PL) in rats of both sexes. METHODS: Adult, 4 months old, Wistar rats of both sexes, were fed with different types of diets: standard, milk-based and fish-based, during 4 weeks...
May 19, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525993/translation-and-validation-of-the-finnish-version-of-index-of-dental-anxiety-and-fear-idaf-4c-%C3%A2-among-dental-students
#7
Mimmi Tolvanen, Katri Puijola, Jason M Armfield, Satu Lahti
BACKGROUND: Dental fear accounts for 41% of the non-habitual dental attendance such as visiting only when in pain among adult Finns. Dentists should be able to recognize patients in risk for irregular attendance due to dental fear and measure their fear with valid and reliable instrument that capture the multidimensionality of dental fear. The study's aim was to translate the Index of Dental Anxiety and Fear (IDAF-4C+) into Finnish and test its reliability and validity. METHODS: The study population consisted of dental students in a Finnish university (n = 202)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525611/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-higher-level-functional-limitations-among-older-japanese-people-results-from-the-jages-study
#8
Airi Amemiya, Takeo Fujiwara, Hiroshi Murayama, Yukako Tani, Katsunori Kondo
Background.: A life-course perspective is essential in understanding the determinants of higher-level functional limitations. We examine the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on higher-level functional limitations in older people. Methods.: Data were from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study 2013, a population-based cohort of independent people aged 65 years or older across Japan (n = 19,220). ACEs before the age of 18 were assessed in terms of seven adversities: parental death, parental divorce, parental mental illness, family violence, physical abuse, psychological neglect, and psychological abuse...
May 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525355/does-body-fat-percentage-predict-post-exercise-heart-rate-response-in-non-obese-children-and-adolescents
#9
Tatjana Jezdimirovic, Valdemar Stajer, Sasa Semeredi, Julio Calleja-Gonzalez, Sergej M Ostojic
BACKGROUND: A correlation between adiposity and post-exercise autonomic regulation has been established in overweight and obese children. However, little information exists about this link in non-obese youth. The main purpose of this cross-sectional study was to describe the relationship between body fat percentage (BFP) and heart rate recovery after exercise [post-exercise heart rate (PEHR)], a marker of autonomic regulation, in normal-weight children and adolescents. METHODS: We evaluated the body composition of 183 children and adolescents (age 15...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521554/social-factors-predictive-of-social-integration-for-adults-with-brain-injury
#10
Elisabeth Batchos, Amanda Easton, Christopher Haak, Nicole Ditchman
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) may not only struggle with physical and cognitive impairments, but may also face challenges reintegrating into the community socially. Research has demonstrated that following ABI, individuals' social networks tend to dwindle, support may decline, and isolation increases. This study examined factors impacting social integration in a community-based sample of 102 individuals with ABI. METHODS: Potential predictors included emotional support, instrumental support, problem solving confidence, and approach-avoidance style (AAS) of problem solving, while controlling for age, gender, education, and time since injury...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521252/trauma-type-as-a-conditional-risk-factor-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-referred-clinic-sample-of-adolescents
#11
Jani Nöthling, Candice Simmons, Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic experiences that are varied in type and severity may lead to the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Some trauma types present a higher conditional risk for PTSD owing to their nature and impact on growth and functioning. Few studies have investigated the conditional risk of PTSD in clinic referred adolescents in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of the study was to determine the conditional risk for PTSD based on various trauma types (car accidents, other serious accidents, fires, witnessing a natural disaster, witnessing a violent crime, being confronted with traumatic news, witnessing domestic violence, physical abuse and sexual abuse) and to stratify risk by gender...
May 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520662/anxiety-disorders-in-adults-with-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-evidence-of-difficulties-more-than-10-years-postinjury
#12
Michelle Albicini, Audrey McKinlay
OBJECTIVE: To explore long-term psychiatric outcomes in individuals with a history of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) or orthopedic injury (OI). SETTING: Hospital emergency department, medical admission records and outpatient settings. PARTICIPANTS: There were 95 males (M = 22.78 years, SD = 3.44 years) and 74 females (M = 22.27 years, SD = 3.09 years), 65 with mild TBI (M = 23.25 years, SD = 3.58 years), 61 with moderate-severe TBI (M = 22...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511377/an-analysis-of-dynamic-pulmonary-functions-of-hypothyroid-patients
#13
Seethalakshmi Krishna Iyer, Sunil K Menon, Biju Bahuleyan
INTRODUCTION: Hypothyroidism is a silent epidemic of our times. In India, the prevalence of hypothyroidism is 11%. The effect of hypothyroidism on respiratory system is debatable with studies suggesting both obstructive and restrictive disease patterns. The symptoms range from mild dyspnoea to life-threatening respiratory failure. This study emphasizes the effect of hypothyroidism on dynamic respiratory functions. AIM: To find out the changes in dynamic respiratory functions (FVC, FEV1, FEV1% and PEFR) in both male and female hypothyroid patients within age group of 18-45 years...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497067/the-influence-of-tribological-pairings-and-other-factors-on-migration-patterns-of-short-stems-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#14
Thilo Floerkemeier, Michael Schwarze, Christof Hurschler, Jens Gronewold, Henning Windhagen, Gabriela von Lewinski, Stefan Budde
Over the last decade, the number of short stem total hip arthroplasty procedures has increased. Along with the possible benefits associated with short stems is a smaller implant-bone contact surface, which may have a negative influence on primary stability and impair osseointegration. Previous studies observed migration of short stems, especially within the first three months. The variables that influence migration in short stem hip implants remain unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to associate the migration of short stems with its possible influencing variables...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495866/sources-of-variance-in-immunological-traits-evidence-of-congruent-latitudinal-trends-across-species
#15
Hendrik Meister, Toomas Tammaru, Siiri-Lii Sandre, Dalial Freitak
Among-population differences in immunological traits allow to assess both evolutionary and plastic changes in organisms' resistance to pathogens. Such knowledge also provides information necessary to predict responses of such traits to environmental changes. Studies on latitudinal trends in insect immunity have so far yielded contradictory results, suggesting that multispecies approaches with highly standardised experimental conditions are needed. Here, we studied among-population differences of two parameters reflecting constitutive immunity - phenoloxidase (PO) and lytic activity - using common garden design on three distantly related moth species represented by populations ranging from northern Finland to Georgia (Caucasus)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495241/the-natural-course-of-prevertebral-soft-tissue-swelling-after-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery-how-long-will-it-last
#16
Seok Woo Kim, Chulyoung Jang, Myung Ho Yang, Seonjong Lee, Je Hyun Yoo, Yoon Hae Kwak, Ji Hyo Hwang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Prevertebral soft tissue swelling (PSTS) after anterior cervical spine surgery (ACSS) has been regarded as one of the critical complications that cause airway obstruction. Still, however, no research has dealt with how PSTS returns to pre-surgery status after ACSS; most recommendations are being performed without information about its natural course, focusing on acute-phase swelling after surgery. PURPOSE: To examine how long post-surgery PSTS lasts and when it returns to its pre-surgery state; to analyze the actual influence of a number of factors to observe the natural progress of post-surgery PSTS...
May 8, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495136/heritability-of-plasma-neopterin-levels-in-the-old-order-amish
#17
Uttam K Raheja, Dietmar Fuchs, Christopher A Lowry, Sarah H Stephens, Mary A Pavlovich, Hira Mohyuddin, Hassaan Yousufi, Kathleen A Ryan, Jeff O'Connell, Lisa A Brenner, Cecile Punzalan, Andrew J Hoisington, Gursharon K Nijjar, Maureen Groer, Alan R Shuldiner, Toni I Pollin, John W Stiller, Braxton D Mitchell, Teodor T Postolache
BACKGROUND: We examined the heritability of neopterin, a biomarker for cell-mediated immunity and oxidative stress, and potentially for psychiatric disorders, in the Old Order Amish. METHODS: Plasma neopterin levels were determined in 2015 Old Order Amish adults. Quantitative genetic procedures were used to estimate heritability of neopterin. RESULTS: Heritability of log-neopterin was estimated at 0.07 after adjusting for age, gender, and household (p=0...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494648/social-networking-addiction-attachment-style-and-validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-bergen-social-media-addiction-scale
#18
Lucia Monacis, Valeria de Palo, Mark D Griffiths, Maria Sinatra
Aim Research into social networking addiction has greatly increased over the last decade. However, the number of validated instruments assessing addiction to social networking sites (SNSs) remains few, and none have been validated in the Italian language. Consequently, this study tested the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS), as well as providing empirical data concerning the relationship between attachment styles and SNS addiction. Methods A total of 769 participants were recruited to this study...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493176/the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-delivered-by-teachers-in-schools-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Cynthia Franklin, Johnny S Kim, Tasha S Beretvas, Anao Zhang, Samantha Guz, Sunyoung Park, Katherine Montgomery, Saras Chung, Brandy R Maynard
The growing mental health needs of students within schools have resulted in teachers increasing their involvement in the delivery of school-based, psychosocial interventions. Current research reports mixed findings concerning the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions delivered by teachers for mental health outcomes. This article presents a systematic review and meta-analysis that examined the effectiveness of school-based psychosocial interventions delivered by teachers on internalizing and externalizing outcomes and the moderating factors that influence treatment effects on these outcomes...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492760/determinants-of-tobacco-use-by-students
#20
Lorena Silva Vargas, Roselma Lucchese, Andrécia Cósmem da Silva, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Ivânia Vera, Paulo Alexandre de Castro
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the prevalence and determinants of tobacco use by students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, carried out between 2013 and 2014, evaluates 701 public school students between 10 and 79 years of age living in a city in the countryside of the State of Goias, Midwest of Brazil. A structured questionnaire collected the data and the predictor variables were demographic data, family nucleus, religion, physical activity practice, family functionality and parental smoking...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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