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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055269/decision-making-measured-by-the-iowa-gambling-task-in-alcohol-use-disorder-and-gambling-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ildikó Kovács, Mara J Richman, Zoltán Janka, Aniko Maraz, Bálint Andó
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gambling disorder (GD) and alcohol use disorder (AD) have similar features, such as elevated impulsivity and decision-making deficits, which are directly linked to relapse and poor therapeutic outcomes. Our aim was to assess decision-making characteristics in GD and AD patients compared to healthy controls (HC) based on one of the most frequently used measures of decision-making: the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). METHODS: In our systematic literature search of three databases, we identified 1198 empirical articles that mentioned decision-making deficits with the use of the IGT in patients diagnosed with either AD or GD...
October 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052160/the-use-of-mapping-to-estimate-health-state-utility-values
#2
REVIEW
Roberta Ara, Donna Rowen, Clara Mukuria
Mapping functions are estimated using regression analyses and are frequently used to predict health state utility values (HSUVs) in decision analytic models. Mapping functions are used when evidence on the required preference-based measure (PBM) is not available, or where modelled values are required for a decision analytic model, for example to control for important sociodemographic variables (such as age or gender). This article provides an overview of the latest recommendations including pre-mapping considerations, the mapping process including data requirements for undertaking the estimation of mapping functions, regression models for estimating mapping functions, assessing performance and reporting standards for mapping studies...
October 19, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051079/reduced-myocardial-flow-reserve-is-associated-with-diastolic-dysfunction-and-decreased-left-atrial-strain-in-patients-with-normal-ejection-fraction-and-epicardial-perfusion
#3
Matthew C Konerman, Joshua C Greenberg, Theodore J Kolias, James R Corbett, Ravi V Shah, Venkatesh L Murthy, Scott L Hummel
INTRODUCTION: Coronary microvascular dysfunction (MVD) may contribute to the pathogenesis of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Speckle-tracking echocardiography is a feasible and reproducible method for identifying abnormalities in left ventricular (LV) and left atrial (LA) function among HFpEF patients. By assessing myocardial flow reserve (MFR), positron emission tomography (PET) imaging enables quantitative assessment of coronary MVD. We hypothesized that, in patients with risk factors for HFpEF and normal epicardial perfusion on cardiac PET, abnormal MFR is associated with LV diastolic dysfunction (DD) and reduced LV and LA strain...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050332/survival-outcomes-based-on-systemic-agent-used-concurrently-with-radiation-in-human-papillomavirus-associated-oropharyngeal-cancer
#4
Vikas Mehta, Tara Moore-Medlin, Jose M Flores, Xiaohui Ma, Oleksandr Ekshyyan, Cherie-Ann O Nathan
PURPOSE: To investigate survival outcomes of patients treated with concurrent cetuximab and radiotherapy for primary management of both HPV positive and negative OPSCC, and compare the results to traditional platinum-based therapy. We hypothesize that the use of cetuximab in the HPV positive OPSCC patients will result in inferior survival based on tumor biological differences. STUDY DESIGN: A single institution retrospective analysis of 304 patients. The primary outcomes of interest were 1) overall survival and 2) relapse free survival...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048357/health-philosophy-of-dietitians-and-its-implications-for-life-satisfaction-an-exploratory-study
#5
Patricia Grace-Farfaglia, Denise Pickett-Bernard, Andrea White Gorman, Jaleh Dehpahlavan
Studies of health providers suggest that satisfaction with life is related to their values and sense of purpose which is best achieved when their professional role is in harmony with personal philosophy. Cross-sectional surveys suggest that personal health beliefs and practices of health professionals influence their clinical counseling practices. However, little is known about the influence of health philosophy on the personal satisfaction with life for dietitians. This study recruited a randomly selected, cross-sectional sample to complete a self-administered online survey...
October 19, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036678/country-of-residence-gender-equality-and-victim-blaming-attitudes-about-partner-violence-a-multilevel-analysis-in-eu
#6
Anna-Karin Ivert, Juan Merlo, Enrique Gracia
Background: Intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) is a global and preventable public health problem. Public attitudes, such as victim-blaming, are important for our understanding of differences in the occurrence of IPVAW, as they contribute to its justification. In this paper, we focus on victim-blaming attitudes regarding IPVAW within the EU and we apply multilevel analyses to identify contextual determinants of victim-blaming attitudes. We investigate both the general contextual effect of the country and the specific association between country level of gender equality and individual victim-blaming attitudes, as well as to what extend a possible general contextual effect was explained by county level gender equality...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033858/honosca-d-as-a-measure-of-the-severity-of-diagnosed-mental-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-translation
#7
Agnes von Wyl, Stephan Toggweiler, Ruedi Zollinger
The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA), in use worldwide, is a 13-item measure assessing the biopsychosocial severity of mental health problems in children and adolescents. This article introduces the authorized German-language version of HoNOSCA, the HoNOSCA-D, and examines and discusses its psychometric properties based on a clinical sample of 1,533 children and adolescents aged 4;0 to 17;11 years. For the HoNOSCA-D total score (severity of mental health problems), internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) was 0...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033256/acoustic-analysis-of-normal-voice-patterns-in-pakistani-adults
#8
Saira Ambreen, Nazia Bashir, Sharmeen Aslam Tarar, Rukhsana Kausar
This study was designed to find out normative acoustic measures of adults in Pakistan. Age and gender differences in these parameters were also studied. The study variables include fundamental frequency, absolute jitter, relative jitter, relative average perturbation, 5-point period perturbation quotient perturbation quotient, jitter average absolute difference between consecutive periods, divided by the average period, shimmer local, shimmer decibel, three-point amplitude perturbation quotient, five-point amplitude perturbation quotient, average absolute difference of consecutive differences between the consecutive periods' amplitudes, and harmonics-to-noise ratio...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026697/effect-of-fluoride-concentration-in-drinking-water-on-intelligence-quotient-of-12-14-year-old-children-in-mathura-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Priyanka Razdan, Basavaraj Patthi, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Nikhil Agnihotri, Prajakta Chaudhari, Monika Prasad
AIMS: The aim was to assess and correlate the influence of the concentration of fluoride in ingested water on the intelligence quotient (IQ) of 12-14-year-old youngsters in Mathura district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 219 children were selected, 75 from low F area, 75 medium F area, and 69 from high F area. The concentration of fluoride in the routinely ingested water was estimated using "Ion Selective Electrode method"; then, Raven's Test was utilized to estimate the IQ of the study participants...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018605/enhanced-conflict-monitoring-via-a-short-duration-video-assisted-deep-breathing-in-healthy-young-adults-an-event-related-potential-approach-through-the-go-nogo-paradigm
#10
Kok Suen Cheng, Yun Fah Chang, Ray P S Han, Poh Foong Lee
OBJECTIVES: Practitioners of mindfulness are reported to have greater cognitive control especially in conflict monitoring, response inhibition and sustained attention. However, due to the various existing methods in each mindfulness practices and also, the high commitment factor, a barrier still exists for an individual to pick up the practices. Therefore, the effect of short duration deep breathing on the cognitive control is investigated here. METHODS: Short duration guided deep breathing videos consisting of 5, 7 and 9 min respectively were created and used on subjects training...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017298/space-available-for-the-cervical-spinal-cord-of-asymptomatic-adult-nigerians
#11
Chika Anele Ndubuisi, Wilfred C Mezue, Samuel C Ohaegbulam
OBJECTIVE: The space available for the spinal cord (SAC) is a measure of spinal cord functional reserve and may vary in different societies. The objective of this study is to measure normal SAC at each subaxial cervical disc level of asymptomatic adult Nigerians and to compare obtained values with published studies worldwide. METHODS: This is a prospective, cross-sectional study using magnetic resonance imaging facility at Memfys Hospital Enugu, from 2012 to 2013...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994517/the-impact-of-obesity-on-cognitive-functioning-in-euthymic-bipolar-patients-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study
#12
Ester Mora, Maria J Portella, Montserrat Martinez-Alonso, Montse Teres, Irene Forcada, Eduard Vieta, Maria Mur
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of body mass index (BMI) on cognition in euthymic bipolar patients and healthy matched controls in a post hoc study of 2 cross-sectional and longitudinal exploratory studies. METHOD: A total sample of 121 individuals was examined, which included 52 euthymic bipolar disorder I or II patients (DSM-IV-TR criteria) and 69 healthy controls matched by age and gender, categorized in 2 subgroups in terms of body mass index (BMI-factor): normal weight (BMI: 18...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989897/three-dimensional-analysis-of-impacted-maxillary-third-molars-a-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-study-of-the-position-and-depth-of-impaction
#13
Priscila Ferreira de Andrade, Jesca Neftali Nogueira Silva, Bruno Salles Sotto-Maior, Cleide Gisele Ribeiro, Karina Lopes Devito, Neuza Maria Souza Picorelli Assis
PURPOSE: The classification of impacted maxillary third molars (IMTMs) facilitates interdisciplinary communication and helps estimate the degree of surgical difficulty. Thus, this study aimed to develop a 3-dimensional classification of the position and depth of impaction of IMTMs and to estimate their prevalence with respect to gender and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional retrospective study analyzed images in sagittal and coronal cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) sections of 300 maxillary third molars...
September 2017: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989344/the-role-of-physical-activity-enjoyment-on-the-acute-mood-experience-of-exercise-among-smokers-with-elevated-depressive-symptoms
#14
Ana M Abrantes, Samantha G Farris, Sarah L Garnaat, Alexia Minto, Richard A Brown, Lawrence H Price, Lisa A Uebelacker
PROBLEM: Depressive symptoms are consistently shown to be related to poor smoking cessation outcomes. Aerobic exercise is a potential treatment augmentation that, given its antidepressant and mood enhancing effect, may bolster cessation outcomes for smokers with elevated depressive symptoms. Lower enjoyment of physical activity may inhibit the acute mood enhancing effects of aerobic exercise. The current study investigated the associations between depressive symptoms, physical activity enjoyment and the acute mood experience from exercise among low-active smokers with elevated depressive symptoms...
March 2017: Mental Health and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988219/differences-in-levels-of-albumin-alt-ast-%C3%AE-gt-and-creatinine-in-frail-moderately-healthy-and-healthy-elderly-individuals
#15
Maria Edvardsson, Märtha Sund-Levander, Anna Milberg, Ewa Wressle, Jan Marcusson, Ewa Grodzinsky
BACKGROUND: Reference intervals are widely used as decision tools, providing the physician with information about whether the analyte values indicate ongoing disease process. Reference intervals are generally based on individuals without diagnosed diseases or use of medication, which often excludes elderly. The aim of the study was to assess levels of albumin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), creatinine and γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) in frail, moderately healthy and healthy elderly indivuduals...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987062/aggressiveness-and-the-intensity-of-psychopathic-symptoms-gender-differences
#16
Marlena Banasik, Krzysztof Gierowski, Krzysztof Nowakowski
OBJECTIVES: The analysis of the recent international reports in the literature on psychopathy has proved irrefutablythat there is a necessity for the in-depth studies on psychopathy among the female sentenced offenders. Although there is no disagreement among the researchers on the 'male' form of this disorder, there are still very few gender comparative studies. The aim of this project was to investigate the relationship between the intensity of particular psychopathic features and aggressive tendencies in a group of female and male inmates...
August 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984765/cutaneous-sarcoidosis-a-retrospective-case-series-and-a-hospital-based-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#17
Kwei-Lan Liu, Wen-Chien Tsai, Chih-Hung Lee
Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology often involving skin. Studies on cutaneous sarcoidosis and comorbidities are limited. This study is aimed to describe the clinical features of cutaneous sarcoidosis diagnosed in our hospital and to determine the relationships between cutaneous sarcoidosis and comorbidities.This retrospective study evaluates patients with cutaneous sarcoidosis in a tertiary center in Taiwan from 1996 to 2015. The records of 38 patients with cutaneous sarcoidosis were reviewed for clinical characteristics and evaluated by analysis of variance...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984169/the-relationship-among-resilience-rumination-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-hemodialysis-patients-in-north-china
#18
Ting Li, Ting Liu, Jing Han, Mei Zhang, Zhenyun Li, Qina Zhu, Aimin Wang
Research has indicated that clinical serious disease may lead to posttraumatic growth (PTG). However, little is known about PTG among hemodialysis (HD) patients. The study examined the relationship among resilience, rumination and PTG among Chinese HD patients. 196 HD patients were recruited from a tertiary hospital in a Northern city of China between 1 June 2015 and 30 May 2016. Patients were surveyed using the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-Chinese version, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and Chinese Event Related Rumination Inventory...
October 6, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981307/the-german-multidimensional-attitude-scale-toward-persons-with-disabilities-g-mas-a-factor-analytical-study-among-high-school-students
#19
Joachim Wöhrle, Sebastian Franke, Ruediger Kissgen
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Attitudes Scale Toward Persons with Disabilities (MAS) among German 10th graders, to advance knowledge about the situation in German classrooms with regard to attitudes toward persons with disabilities. METHOD: Four hundred twenty-one German 10th graders attending the most common regular schools of the German educational system completed the MAS. Confirmatory factor analyses, multigroup confirmatory factor analyses, multivariate analyses of variance and model based clustering were used to investigate: the factor structure, invariance of the factor structure across gender and school types, differences on the MAS between gender and school types, and the existence of groups of students with different attitudes...
October 5, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977128/bone-mass-by-quantitative-ultrasound-of-finger-phalanges-in-young-karate-practitioners
#20
Camila Justino de Oliveira Barbeta, Ezequiel Moreira Gonçalves, Keila Donassolo Santos Ribeiro, Roberto Ribeiro, Everton Paulo Roman, Gil Guerra-Júnior
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bone mass by quantitative ultrasound of the phalanges in young karate practitioners compared to a control group. METHODS: Sample composed of 162 karate practitioners (52 females) and 326 healthy controls (110 females) aged 6 to 16 years old, in Western Paraná (Southern Brazil). Weight, height, BMI, amplitude-dependent speed of sound (AD-SoS) and bone transmission time (BTT) were evaluated. BMI, AD-SoS and BTT values were converted to Z scores...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
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