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gender variance

Mohanad Naji Sahib
Background: Any educational program should be implemented with a good understanding of the population's beliefs. Therefore, the aims of this study were to validate the Arabic version of the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS-A) and assess the osteoprotective attitude among the Iraqi population. Methods: A cross-sectional design, with a random cluster sampling method from the community, was used. The forward-backward-forward translation method was used to translate the questionnaire from English to Arabic...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
Artemios Artemiadis, Maria Anagnostouli, Ioannis Zalonis, Konstantinos Chairopoulos, Nikos Triantafyllou
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment (CI) has been associated with numerous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indices in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. In this study we investigated the association of a large set of 2D and 3D MRI markers with cognitive function in MS. METHODS: A sample of 61 RRMS patients (mean age 41.8 ± 10.6 years old, 44 women, mean disease duration 137.9 ± 83.9 months) along with 51 age and gender matched healthy controls was used in this cross-sectional study...
February 6, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Annaliese Nagy, Anne McMahon, Linda Tapsell, Frank Deane, Danielle Arenson
AIM: The psychological construct of 'therapeutic alliance' can be used to better understand the effectiveness of consultations, particularly goal setting for weight management. We analysed audio-recorded health coaching sessions during a weight loss trial to explore relationships between therapeutic alliance and various contextual factors. METHODS: Audio recordings of 50 health coaching sessions were analysed. After assessing fidelity to the protocol, therapeutic alliance was measured using an adapted Working Alliance Inventory Observer-rated Short Version (WAI-O-S), and examined by (i) identifying relationships between contextual factors and WAI-O-S scores (Spearman's coefficients); (ii) testing the impact of preparatory exercises and body mass index on WAI-O-S scores (one-way analysis of variance and least-squared differences tests) and (iii) comparing differences in WAI-O-S scores based on relationship status, gender and follow-up session completion (independent samples t-tests)...
February 13, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
Majid Meshkini, Fariba Alaei-Shahmiri, Cyril Mamotte, Jaya Dantas
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived protein with anti-diabetic, anti-atherogenic and anti-inflammatory action, but there are few studies on its association with cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in different ethnic groups in Australia. This cross-sectional study evaluated ethnic differences in adiponectin levels and its association with age, gender, body composition and diet in 89 adult Australians of European (n = 28), Indian (n = 28) and Iranian (n = 33) ancestries. Different measures of adiposity were assessed using the method of whole body dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Sulenur Yildiz, Deniz Inal-Ince, Ebru Calik-Kutukcu, Naciye Vardar-Yagli, Melda Saglam, Hulya Arikan, Lutfi Coplu
INTRODUCTION: Exercise capacity is impaired in patients with bronchiectasis. Incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) stresses cardiorespiratory system physiologically to symptom-limited maximal exercise capacity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical determinants of ISWT in adults with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis. METHODS: Forty-one clinically stable bronchiectasis patients aged 18-72 years (27 females, 14 males) participated in the study...
February 12, 2018: Lung
Ana Oliveira, Joana Cruz, Cristina Jácome, Alda Marques
Purpose: To estimate the within-day test-retest reliability and standard error of measurement (SEM) of the unsupported upper limb exercise test (UULEX) in adults without disabilities and to determine the effects of age and gender on performance of the UULEX. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 100 adults without disabilities (44 men, mean age 44.2 [SD 26] y; 56 women, mean age 38.1 [SD 24.1] y). Participants performed three UULEX tests to establish within-day reliability, measured using an intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) model 2 (two-way random effects) with a single rater (ICC[2,1]) and SEM...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
Andrew Rasmussen, Aïcha Cissé, Ying Han, Sonia Roubeni
Immigrants make up large proportions of many low-income neighborhoods, but have been largely ignored in the neighborhood safety literature. We examined perceived safety's association with migration using a six-item, child-specific measure of parents' perceptions of school-aged (5-12 years of age) children's safety in a sample of 93 West African immigrant parents in New York City. Aims of the study were (a) to identify pre-migration correlates (e.g., trauma in home countries), (b) to identify migration-related correlates (e...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
Geoffrey J Orme, E James Kehoe
Introduction: Although men and women recruits to the Australian Army have trained in mixed-gender platoons since 1995, restrictions on women joining the combat arms were only removed in 2016. As part of a longitudinal study starting with recruit training, this article examined recruit records collected before 2016 with the aims of delineating (1) the relative performance of women versus men in mixed-gender platoons and (2) the relative performance of men in mixed-gender platoons versus all-male platoons...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
Joanna R Pepin, Liana C Sayer, Lynne M Casper
Assumptions that single mothers are "time poor" compared with married mothers are ubiquitous. We tested theorized associations derived from the time poverty thesis and the gender perspective using the 2003-2012 American Time Use Surveys (ATUS). We found marital status differentiated housework, leisure, and sleep time, but did not influence the amount of time that mothers provided childcare. Net of the number of employment hours, married mothers did more housework and slept less than never-married and divorced mothers, counter to expectations of the time poverty thesis...
February 8, 2018: Demography
N Shea, E Payne, N Russo
Individuals with ASD often display externalizing behaviors, which have been associated with lower quality of life in adulthood. Social difficulties have been hypothesized to underlie externalizing problems among individuals with ASD (Klin and Volkmar in Asperger Syndrome, 340-366, 2000), but this has never been tested empirically. We examined whether socialization abilities predicted externalizing problems assessed by parent report in a group of 29 individuals with ASD (age range 7-16 years) and 29 TD individuals matched for IQ, age, and gender...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Lixia Chen, Jing Zhang, Wei Fu
OBJECTIVE: The aims are to assess the health-promoting lifestyle status of nursing assistants in nursing homes in China and explore the roles of demographic, health conception, perceived health behavior self-efficacy, and job satisfaction in health-promoting lifestyles. METHOD: Using a cross-sectional descriptive design and convenience sampling, 285 nursing assistants from different nursing homes in Hangzhou were investigated using the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, Self-Rated Abilities for Health Practice Scale, Health Conception Scale, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire to measure their health-promoting lifestyle status...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Tore Bonsaksen, Anners Lerdal, Trond Heir, Øivind Ekeberg, Laila Skogstad, Tine K Grimholt, Inger Schou-Bredal
AIMS: General self-efficacy (GSE) refers to optimistic self-beliefs of being able to perform and control behaviors, and is linked with various physical and mental health outcomes. Measures of self-efficacy are commonly used in health research with clinical populations, but are less explored in relationship to sociodemographic characteristics in general populations. This study investigated GSE in relation to sociodemographic characteristics in the general population in Norway. METHODS: As part of a larger national survey, the GSE scale was administered to a general population sample, and 1787 out of 4961 eligible participants (response rate 36%) completed the scale...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Marie A Sillice, Patricia J Morokoff, Ginette Ferszt, Timothy Bickmore, Beth C Bock, Ryan Lantini, Wayne F Velicer
BACKGROUND: Relational agents (RAs) are electronic computational figures designed to engage participants in the change process. A recent study, Project RAISE, tested the effectiveness of RAs, combined with existing computer-based interventions to increase regular exercise and sun protection behaviors. Results showed these interventions can be effective but need further development. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine participants' experiences using RAs to increase participant engagement and promote behavior change ...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Mahmoud Abbasi, Mehrzad Kiani, Mehdi Ahmadi, Bahare Salehi
Organ transplantation is an effective process that prolongs the lives of individuals suffering from incapacitating conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the view point of medical students in Iran regarding ethical aspects and knowledge on organ transplantation and donation. The participants included 165 medical students from different faculties of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. They were assessed using a reliable questionnaire that examined their ethical aspects and knowledge regarding organ transplantation and donation...
January 31, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Valdemar Stajer, Milan Vranes, Vladan Kocic, Sergej M Ostojic
PURPOSE: Elevated serum creatine and higher handgrip strength are individually associated with better health profiles yet the link between two variables remains unknown. In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated serum creatine levels in relation to handgrip strength in a cohort of 130 young healthy adults (61 women and 69 men; age 23.3 ± 2.6 years), while controlling for age, gender, fat-free mass and biomarkers of creatine metabolism as effect modifiers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum creatine, creatinine and guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) levels were measured with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy, while handgrip strength was assessed with a hydraulic hand dynamometer...
February 6, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Maria Nolvi, Christina Brogårdh, Lars Jacobsson, Jan Lexell
BACKGROUND: Sense of Coherence (SOC) is important for successful adaptation and mental well-being in people with life-long medical conditions. Late effects of polio (LEoP) often lead to a life-long disability, but no study has assessed SOC in this population. OBJECTIVE: To assess SOC in persons with LEoP and to explore the association between SOC, demographics (age, gender, marital status and level of education) and variables related to LEoP (age at polio onset, number of years from polio until onset of LEoP and self-rated disability)...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
Eyup Candas Gundogdu, Hakan Arslan
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of intracanal, intraoral, and extraoral cryotherapy on postoperative pain in molar teeth with symptomatic apical periodontitis. METHODS: A total of 100 patients were randomly distributed into 4 groups: control (without cryotherapy application), intracanal cryotherapy application, intraoral cryotherapy application, and extraoral cryotherapy application. The postoperative pain of the patients was recorded at the first, third, fifth, and seventh days...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Z Liu, C C Tseng, Z H Zhao, J Li, B Wang, Y Yu, B P Qian, X Sun, Y Qiu, Z Z Zhu
Objective: To compare the clinical outcome and health related quality of life(HRQoL)of patients with degenerative spinal deformity who underwent spino-pelvic fixation utilized second sacral alar-iliac(S(2)AI)with patient utilized traditional iliac screw(IS). Methods: Patients diagnosed as degenerative spinal deformity who underwent spino-pelvic fixation utilized either S(2)AI screw or Iliac screw at Department of Spine Surgery of Drum Tower hospital from January 2013 to January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Samuel A Mehr, Manvir Singh, Hunter York, Luke Glowacki, Max M Krasnow
Humans use music for a variety of social functions: we sing to accompany dance, to soothe babies, to heal illness, to communicate love, and so on. Across animal taxa, vocalization forms are shaped by their functions, including in humans. Here, we show that vocal music exhibits recurrent, distinct, and cross-culturally robust form-function relations that are detectable by listeners across the globe. In Experiment 1, internet users (n = 750) in 60 countries listened to brief excerpts of songs, rating each song's function on six dimensions (e...
February 5, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Joyce Chu, Emily N Robinett, Johnson K L Ma, Katherine Y Shadish, Peter Goldblum, Bruce Bongar
The current study examined the predictive value of cultural versus classic risk and protective factors for suicide in a community sample of 322 ethnic, sexual, and gender minority adults. Cultural factors played a significant and substantial role in predicting suicide attempts (explained 8% of variance in attempts and correctly classified 8.5% of attempters) over and above the classic factors of hopelessness, depression, and reason for living (which explained 17% of variance in attempts and correctly classified 14...
February 2, 2018: Death Studies
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