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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#1
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#2
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812245/association-of-elements-with-schizophrenia-and-intervention-of-selenium-supplements
#3
Zhe Li, Yumei Liu, Xia Li, Wen Ju, Guanrui Wu, Xiaomei Yang, Xiaofeng Fu, Xibao Gao
The purpose of this study is to explore more trace elements (zinc, potassium, copper, iron, boron, manganese, selenium, chromium and cadmium elements) in addition to calcium, magnesium, lead and arsenic in the sera of patients with schizophrenia and the general population in China and to determine the effect of selenium on schizophrenia patients. Participants were collected from the Pingyin County Mental Health Hospital and Pingyin County. A t test was used to analyse the differences between schizophrenia patients and healthy subjects, and element content differences in gender...
August 15, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810971/effect-of-mixed-basic-military-training-on-the-physical-fitness-of-male-and-female-soldiers
#4
Paola S Wood, Catharina C Grant, Peet J du Toit, Lizelle Fletcher
INTRODUCTION: Mixed gender basic military training (BMT) is adopted to integrate the female South African soldier into the military. This study aimed to assess gender differences before, during (12 weeks), and after a 20-week mixed BMT course and determine if BMT significantly reduced these differences. METHODS: A total of 186 soldiers (114 male: mean age = 21.0 ± 1.1 year; 72 female: mean age = 20.5 ± 1.2 year) completed the BMT course and all anthropometric, physical fitness, explosive power, and hand grip strength measurements...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804380/gender-difference-in-the-prevalence-and-socio-demographic-correlates-of-mobility-disability-among-older-adults-in-nigeria
#5
Saliu Adejumobi Balogun, Aravinda Meera Guntupalli
The aim of the current study is to examine gender differences in mobility disability among older people in Nigeria, and to explore factors associated with gender differences in mobility disability in later life. Data were used from the first (2010-2011) wave of the Nigeria General Household Survey-Panel, which included 3586 respondents aged 50 years and above. Mobility disability was assessed as self-reported difficulty in walking 100 m, walking 1 km, walking uphill, running, bending or stooping, and climbing stairs...
September 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790966/randomized-controlled-study-of-a-remote-flipped-classroom-neuro-otology-curriculum
#6
Frederick Robert Carrick, Mahera Abdulrahman, Ahmed Hankir, Maksim Zayaruzny, Kinda Najem, Palita Lungchukiet, Roger A Edwards
CONTEXT: Medical Education can be delivered in the traditional classroom or via novel technology including an online classroom. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that learning in an online classroom would result in similar outcomes as learning in the traditional classroom when using a flipped classroom pedagogy. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. A total of 274 subjects enrolled in a Neuro-otology training program for non-Neuro-otologists of 25 h held over a 3-day period...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789626/adolescent-alcohol-use-and-parental-and-adolescent-socioeconomic-position-in-six-european-cities
#7
Marina Bosque-Prous, Mirte A G Kuipers, Albert Espelt, Matthias Richter, Arja Rimpelä, Julian Perelman, Bruno Federico, M Teresa Brugal, Vincent Lorant, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Many risk behaviours in adolescence are socially patterned. However, it is unclear to what extent socioeconomic position (SEP) influences adolescent drinking in various parts of Europe. We examined how alcohol consumption is associated with parental SEP and adolescents' own SEP among students aged 14-17 years. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected in the 2013 SILNE study. Participants were 8705 students aged 14-17 years from 6 European cities...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782696/heritability-in-a-scn5a-mutation-founder-population-with-increased-female-susceptibility-to-non-nocturnal-ventricular-tachyarrhythmia-and-sudden-cardiac-death
#8
Rachel M A Ter Bekke, Aaron Isaacs, Andrei Barysenka, Marije B Hoos, Jan D H Jongbloed, Jan C A Hoorntje, Alfons S M Patelski, Apollonia T J M Helderman-van den Enden, Arthur van den Wijngaard, Monika Stoll, Paul G A Volders
BACKGROUND: Heritable cardiac sodium-channel dysfunction is associated with various arrhythmia syndromes, some predisposing to ventricular fibrillation. Phenotypic diversity among carriers of identical-by-descent mutations is often remarkable, suggesting influences of genetic modifiers. OBJECTIVE: We identified a unique SCN5A-mutation founder population with mixed clinical phenotypes and sudden cardiac death, and investigated the heritability of electromechanical traits besides the SCN5A-mutation effect...
August 3, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780746/normative-values-for-ct-based-texture-analysis-of-vertebral-bodies-in-dual-x-ray-absorptiometry-confirmed-normally-mineralized-subjects
#9
Manoj Mannil, Matthias Eberhard, Anton S Becker, Denise Schönenberg, Georg Osterhoff, Diana P Frey, Ender Konukoglu, Hatem Alkadhi, Roman Guggenberger
OBJECTIVES: To develop age-, gender-, and regional-specific normative values for texture analysis (TA) of spinal computed tomography (CT) in subjects with normal bone mineral density (BMD), as defined by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and to determine age-, gender-, and regional-specific differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, IRB-approved study, TA was performed on sagittal CT bone images of the thoracic and lumbar spine using dedicated software (MaZda) in 141 individuals with normal DXA BMD findings...
August 6, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769543/linking-anger-trait-with-somatization-in-low-grade-college-students-moderating-roles-of-family-cohesion-and-adaptability
#10
Liang Liu, Cuilian Liu, Xudong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Between 22% and 58% of patients in primary care settings complain of somatic symptoms. Previous research has found that somatization was associated with anger traits and family functions. However, studies that specifically assess the moderating effect of family function in how anger traits become somatic complaints are lacking. AIM: This study was designed to examine whether the variances in family cohesion and family adaptability moderated the strength of the relationship between anger traits and somatization...
February 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768784/the-colonisation-of-the-glenohumeral-joint-by-propionibacterium-acnes-is-not-associated-with-frozen-shoulder-but-is-more-likely-to-occur-after-an-injection-into-the-joint
#11
S J Booker, M Boyd, S Gallacher, J P Evans, C Auckland, J Kitson, W Thomas, C D Smith
AIMS: Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of Propionibacterium (P.) acnes in the subcutaneous fat and capsule of patients undergoing shoulder surgery for frozen shoulder or instability. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 46 patients undergoing either an arthroscopic capsular release or stabilisation had biopsies taken from the subcutaneous fat and capsule of the shoulder at the time of surgery. These samples were sent for culture in enrichment, and also for Nucleic Acid Amplification testing...
August 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767961/-use-of-industrial-liquid-silicone-to-transform-the-body-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-its-use-among-transvestites-and-transsexual-women-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#12
Thiago Pestana Pinto, Flavia do Bonsucesso Teixeira, Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Ricardo Barbosa Martins, Gustavo Santa Roza Saggese, Daniel Dutra de Barros, Maria Amelia de Sousa Mascena Veras
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of use of industrial liquid silicone (ILS) among transvestite persons and transsexual women and identify associated factors. This was a cross-sectional study in seven municipalities in São Paulo State, Brazil, with data collected in 2014 and 2015 in a sample of 576 individuals. Analysis of the associated factors used a Poisson model with robust variance to estimate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios. Prevalence of use of ILS was 49%, mean age at first injection of ILS was 22 (± 5...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762342/assessment-of-malocclusion-severity-and-orthodontic-treatment-needs-in-12-15-year-old-school-children-of-namakkal-district-tamil-nadu-using-dental-aesthetic-index
#13
S Nagalakshmi, S James, C Rahila, K Balachandar, R Satish
OBJECTIVES: The present study was aimed to assess the severity of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs among 12-15-year-old schoolchildren in rural area of Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu, India, using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of 1078 schoolchildren (12-15 years of age) who were selected by two-stage cluster sampling technique. Severity of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment needs were assessed according to the DAI using a specially designed survey pro forma with the aid of the WHO's Oral Health Survey: Basic Methods...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759426/a-descriptive-study-to-assess-quality-of-life-in-egyptian-patients-with-a-stoma
#14
Sherif Boraii
The creation of a stoma changes bodily appearance and function, which can affect quality of life (QOL). A descriptive study using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, an instrument that measures 8 physical and mental health concepts, was conducted to quantify QOL among patients with a stoma and to interpret how stoma creation affects their lives. Participants included a convenience sample of persons served by an outpatient surgery clinic in an Egyptian university hospital in Cairo between August 2013 and January 2015...
July 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756733/relative-age-effect-in-physical-fitness-among-elementary-and-junior-high-school-students
#15
Hiroki Nakata, Miki Akido, Kumi Naruse, Motoko Fujiwara
The present study investigated characteristics of the relative age effect (RAE) among a general sample of Japanese elementary and junior high school students. Japan applies a unique annual age-grouping by birthdates between April 1 and March 31 of the following year for sport and education. Anthropometric and physical fitness data were obtained from 3,610 Japanese students, including height, weight, the 50-m sprint, standing long jump, grip strength, bent-leg sit-ups, sit and reach, side steps, 20-m shuttle run, and ball throw...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752529/predicting-variations-to-missed-nursing-care-a-three-nation-comparison
#16
Ian Blackman, Evridiki Papastavrou, Alvisa Palese, Stavros Vryonides, Julie Henderson, Eileen Willis
AIMS: To measure and model Australian, Cypriot and Italian nurses' beliefs about what care is missed and how frequently it occurs within their settings. BACKGROUND: This study expands on previous MISSCARE research but now applies and predicts missed care within three countries. METHODS: Multivariate analysis was performed to estimate 1,896 nurses' consensus scores about missed care activities based on Alfaro-Lefevre's conceptual framework of care priorities...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749089/cognitive-deficits-in-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-a-comparative-study-between-behavioral-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-and-primary-psychiatric-disorders
#17
Everard G B Vijverberg, Sigfried Schouws, Paul David Meesters, Esmée Verwijk, Hannie Comijs, Ted Koene, Charlotte Schreuder, Aartjan Beekman, Philip Scheltens, Max Stek, Yolande Pijnenburg, Annemieke Dols
OBJECTIVE: To compare neuropsychological profiles in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) with its most common primary psychiatric differential diagnoses, major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder (BD), and schizophrenia, in older patients with active symptoms. METHODS: We included patients from different cohorts with MDD (DSM-IV-TR: 296.20-296.23, 296.30-296.33; n = 42; mean ± SD age, 72.0 ± 8.0 years; female = 57.1%) included from 2002 to 2007, noneuthymic BD (DSM-IV-TR: 296...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745974/role-of-total-ankle-arthroplasty-in-stiff-ankles
#18
James W Brodsky, Justin M Kane, Akira Taniguchi, Scott Coleman, Yahya Daoud
BACKGROUND: The decision tree for the operative treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis involves either ankle arthrodesis (AA) or total ankle arthroplasty (TAA). Although both have documented success providing diminished pain, improved patient-centered outcomes, and improved objective measures of function, arthroplasty is unique in its ability to preserve motion at the tibiotalar joint. Arthroplasty procedures are normally thought of as a motion-sparing surgery rather than a motion-producing procedure, which may limit its success in patients with stiff ankles...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742446/sleep-and-pain-in-mid-to-late-life-an-exploration-of-day-to-day-pain-inconsistency
#19
Scott G Ravyts, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Stephanie C Grah, Matthew P Buman, Adrienne T Aiken-Morgan, Peter R Giacobb, Beverly L Roberts, Michael Marsiske, Christina S McCrae
OBJECTIVES: This study examined how different quantifications of pain (average vs. day-to-day inconsistency) are related to sleep in older adults beyond known predictors. METHODS: Baseline measures from the Active Adult Mentoring Project were used for secondary analyses. Participants included 82 adults in mid- to late-life. Depression was assessed with the BDI-II. Pain intensity was assessed over seven days on a 11-point Likert-scale, while sleep efficiency (SE), total sleep time (TST), and total wake time (TWT) were assessed using a self-report diary...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742401/chikungunya-virus-seroprevalence-and-associated-factors-among-hospital-attendees-in-two-states-of-southwest-nigeria-a-preliminary-assessment
#20
Olayinka M Olajiga, Olajumoke E Adesoye, Adewale P Emilolorun, Abiodun J Adeyemi, Emmanuel O Adeyefa, Ismail A Aderibigbe, Salmot A Adejumo, Wasiu O Adebimpe, Oluyinka O Opaleye, Waidi F Sule, Daniel O Oluwayelu
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a re-emerging pathogen causing long-term polyarthritis and encephalitis. In conducting a preliminary investigation, we hypothesized that there is no serologic evidence of CHIKV infection among attendees of selected hospitals in Lagos and Osun States, Nigeria. Sera from 304 consecutively selected participants were screened for CHIKV IgG and IgM using ELISA. Findings were analyzed vis-à-vis participants' demographic and clinical data. Over 90.0% of the participants had never heard of CHIKV despite the fact that a large proportion of them (88...
August 2017: Immunological Investigations
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