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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089193/brake-reaction-time-after-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-and-labral-tear
#1
Angelina M Vera, Naseem Beauchman, Patrick C McCulloch, Brayden J Gerrie, Domenica A Delgado, Joshua D Harris
PURPOSE: To determine if a difference exists in brake reaction time (BRT) before and after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and labral tear compared with age- and gender-matched controls. METHODS: Consecutive adult subjects undergoing primary hip arthroscopy were eligible for this prospective investigation. Individuals with symptomatic FAI and labral tear that underwent hip arthroscopy with minimum 8 weeks follow-up were included. BRT was measured using the RT-2S reaction time tester a maximum of 6 weeks preoperatively and every 2 weeks postoperatively for 8 weeks...
January 11, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088935/status-of-ocular-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-in-kashan-2011-as-a-sample-of-industrial-city
#2
Mehdi Shaeri, Alireza Moravveji, Mohammad-Reza Fazel, Fatemeh Rangraz Jeddi
PURPOSE: Ocular trauma is the third leading cause of hospitalization in ophthalmology patients, imposing direct and indirect physical and psychological costs on society. This study aims to investigate the status of ocular trauma in hospitalized patients in the industrialized city of Kashan in 2011. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive applied study was conducted in 2012 on patients hospitalized for ocular trauma. Data, including age, gender, occupation, education, timing of admission following accident, location of accident, type of injury, damaging instrument, and type of trauma, were collected using a questionnaire designed by a trained nurse, and analyzed using SPSS-16 software by means of means ± standard deviation, frequency, and percentage for descriptive data and t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Chi-square and Fisher exact test for analysis at significance level of p < 0...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088506/linguistic-indicators-of-pain-catastrophizing-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#3
Doerte U Junghaenel, Stefan Schneider, Joan E Broderick
: The present study examined markers of pain catastrophizing in the word use of patients with chronic pain. Patients (n = 71) completed the Pain Catastrophizing Scale and wrote about their life with pain. Quantitative word count analysis examined whether the essays contained linguistic indicators of catastrophizing. Bivariate correlations showed that catastrophizing was associated with greater use of first person singular pronouns, such as "I" (r = .27, p≤ .05) and pronouns referencing other people (r = 28, p≤ ...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080078/what-to-do-when-scalar-invariance-fails-the-extended-alignment-method-for-multi-group-factor-analysis-comparison-of-latent-means-across-many-groups
#4
Herbert W Marsh, Jiesi Guo, Philip D Parker, Benjamin Nagengast, Tihomir Asparouhov, Bengt Muthén, Theresa Dicke
Scalar invariance is an unachievable ideal that in practice can only be approximated; often using potentially questionable approaches such as partial invariance based on a stepwise selection of parameter estimates with large modification indices. Study 1 demonstrates an extension of the power and flexibility of the alignment approach for comparing latent factor means in large-scale studies (30 OECD countries, 8 factors, 44 items, N = 249,840), for which scalar invariance is typically not supported in the traditional confirmatory factor analysis approach to measurement invariance (CFA-MI)...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076316/changes-of-thyroid-hormonal-status-in-patients-receiving-ketogenic-diet-due-to-intractable-epilepsy
#5
Engin Kose, Orkide Guzel, Korcan Demir, Nur Arslan
BACKGROUND: Ketogenic diet (KD), which is high in fat and low in carbohydrates, mimics the metabolic state of starvation and is used therapeutically for pharmacoresistant epilepsy. It is known that generation of triiodothyronine (T3) from thyroxine (T4) decreases during fasting periods. The aim of this study was to evaluate the thyroid function of children receiving KD for at least 1 year due to drug-resistant epilepsy. METHODS: A total of 120 patients [63 males, 52...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072957/-a-cross-sectional-survey-on-the-patterns-of-primary-teeth-eruption-in-2-581-children
#6
R X Li, Y Hu
Objective: To investigate the patterns of primary teeth eruption by a cross-sectional survey in 0-40 months old children in Chongqing and to provide normal timetables of tooth eruption that are practical in general physical growth assessment. Method: Data of 2 581 0-40 months old healthy children were collected from January 2014 to January 2016 at Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. General information was recorded by primary child health care doctors, including age, gender, gestation age, birth weight, time and sequence of first primary tooth eruption, number of teeth and age of totally primary teeth emergence...
January 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072386/main-effects-and-interactions-of-cerebral-hemispheres-gender-and-age-in-the-calculation-of-volumes-and-asymmetries-of-selected-structures-of-episodic-memory
#7
Rocio Ramirez-Carmona, Haydee Guadalupe Garcia-Lazaro, Brenda Dominguez-Corrales, Erika Aguilar-Castañeda, Ernesto Roldan-Valadez
The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of anatomical (cerebral hemisphere) and demographic (age and gender) variables on the gray matter (GM) volumes and volumetric asymmetry indices (VAIs) of selected structures involved in episodic memory. A cross-sectional study was performed in 47 healthy volunteers. Neuropsychological evaluation revealed similar IQs across the sample. Using SPM-based software, brain segmentation, labeling and volume measurements of the hippocampus, amygdala, middle temporal gyrus and parahippocampal gyrus were performed in each cerebral hemisphere...
October 2016: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069034/health-related-quality-of-life-and-unmet-healthcare-needs-in-huntington-s-disease
#8
Marleen R van Walsem, Emilie I Howe, Gunvor A Ruud, Jan C Frich, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder with a prevalence of 6 per 100.000. Despite increasing research activity on HD, evidence on healthcare utilization, patients' needs for healthcare services and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is still sparse. The present study describes HRQoL in a Norwegian cohort of HD patients, and assesses associations between unmet healthcare and social support service needs and HRQoL. METHODS: In this cross-sectional population-based study, 84 patients with a clinical diagnosis of HD living in the South-East of Norway completed the HRQoL questionnaire EuroQol, EQ-5D-3L...
January 7, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068961/contradictory-individualized-self-blaming-a-cross-sectional-study-of-associations-between-expectations-to-managers-coworkers-one-self-and-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-construction-workers
#9
Jeppe Zielinski Nguyen Ajslev, Roger Persson, Lars Louis Andersen
BACKGROUND: Within work sociology, several studies have addressed construction workers' practices of masculinity, class, economy, safety risks and production. However, few studies have investigated room for agency in relation to bodily pain or musculoskeletal disorders and even fewer have made a quantitative approach. Accordingly, by means of a questionnaire, we examined the association between construction workers' room for agency and physical exertion, bodily and mental fatigue, and lower back pain...
January 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068388/the-association-between-foveal-morphology-and-macular-pigment-spatial-distribution-an-ethnicity-study
#10
Irene Ctori, Byki Huntjens
PURPOSE: Macular pigment (MP) spatial distribution varies considerably among individuals. We investigated ethnic variations in MP spatial distribution in relation to foveal architecture. METHODS: We measured MP optical density (MPOD) using heterochromatic flicker photometry (MAP test, City, University of London) in 76 white, 80 South Asian and 70 black volunteers (18 to 39 years). MPOD spatial profiles were classified objectively as exponential, ring-like or central dip, based on deviations away from an exponential fit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067074/dynamic-thiol-disulphide-homeostasis-in-patients-with-basal-cell-carcinoma
#11
Duriye Deniz Demirseren, Cagla Cicek, Murat Alisik, Mustafa Erol Demirseren, Akın Aktaş, Ozcan Erel
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to measure and compare the dynamic thiol/disulphide homeostasis of patients with basal cell carcinoma and healthy subjects with a newly developed and original method. OBJECTIVE: Thirty four patients attending our outpatient clinic and clinically and histopathologically diagnosed as nodular basal cell carcinoma, and age and gender match 30 healthy individuals have been involved in the study. Thiol/disulphide homeostasis tests have been measured with a novel automatic spectrophotometric method developed and the results have been compared statistically...
January 8, 2017: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066835/the-attitudes-of-infertile-couples-towards-assisted-reproductive-techniques-in-yazd-iran-a-cross-sectional-study-in-2014
#12
Seyed Alireza Afshani, Ali Mohammad Abdoli, Mehrieh Hashempour, Maryam Baghbeheshti, Mohammad Zolfaghari
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about assisted reproductive techniques (ART) and its procedures affect the attitude of infertile people. Making decisions about the use of ART is affected by one's perception and attitude. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the attitude of infertile couples toward applying ART, and to investigate its related factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized cross-sectional study was conducted on 184 infertile couples who had referred to the Research and Clinical Center of Infertility, Yazd, Iran for diagnosis and treatment in June 2014...
December 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064380/perioperative-factors-associated-with-hidden-blood-loss-in-intertrochanteric-fracture-patients
#13
Y Liu, Y Sun, L Fan, J Hao
BACKGROUND: The actual total blood loss after a hip fracture has been found to be considerably larger than that observed during surgery and collected in drainage postoperatively. However, no previous studies have offered reasonable explanations for the deficit between a large hemoglobin drop and a small intraoperative blood loss. The aim was to quantify blood loss associated with hip injuries and surgery, and to identify the relative risk factors for perioperative hidden blood loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with a femoral intertrochanteric fracture were operated on between August 2012 and October 2013...
January 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064032/tmj-energy-densities-in-healthy-men-and-women
#14
L R Iwasaki, Y M Gonzalez, Y Liu, H Liu, M Markova, L M Gallo, J C Nickel
OBJECTIVE: Cartilage fatigue, due to mechanical work, may account for the early development of degenerative joint disease in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and why women are 3-times more likely to be afflicted. This study tested for gender differences in mechanical energy densities in women and men with healthy TMJs. DESIGN: Eighteen women and eighteen men gave informed consent. Research diagnostic criteria including imaging were used to ensure that subjects' TMJs were normal, without disc displacement or signs of degenerative joint disease...
January 4, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062870/-metabolic-parameters-in-patients-with-steatosis-non-alcoholic-liver-and-controlled-diabetes-type-2-versus-uncontrolled-diabetes-type-2
#15
Gonzalo Miranda Manrique
: Non-alcoholic fatty liver (NASH) is widely distributed around the world and is more common in subjects with dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome obese and DM2 (34-74%). However, the prevalence of cirrhosis by NASH in general population is unknown which is still subject of research. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are significant differences between metabolic parameters of non-alcoholic fatty liver in controlled versus uncontrolled diabetes type 2 of recent diagnosis...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062128/patterns-of-physical-activity-and-associated-factors-among-teenagers-from-barcelona-spain-in-2012
#16
Alicia Ruiz-Trasserra, Anna Pérez, Xavier Continente, Kerry O'Brien, Montse Bartroli, Ester Teixidó-Compaño, Albert Espelt
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), as defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO), and associated factors among teenagers from Barcelona in 2012. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey to assess risk factors in a representative sample of secondary school students (aged 13-16 years, International Standard Classification of Education [ISCED] 2, n=2,162; and 17-18 years, ISCED 3, n=1016) in Barcelona. We estimated MVPA prevalence overall, and for each independent variable and each gender...
January 3, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060089/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-mandibular-asymmetry-in-an-adult-population
#17
Guilherme Thiesen, Bruno Frazão Gribel, Ki Beom Kim, Keila Cristina Rausch Pereira, Maria Perpétua Mota Freitas
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of mandibular asymmetry and investigate some associated factors. METHODS: Tomographic images of 952 individuals aged from 18 to 75 years old were analyzed. The investigated outcome was mandibular asymmetry. The explanatory variables included gender, age, absence of posterior teeth, and sagittal jaw relationship of the individuals. Statistical analyses included the chi-squared and the Poisson regression with robust variance...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057320/chief-complaints-of-elderly-individuals-on-presentation-to-emergency-department-a-retrospective-analysis-of-south-korean-national-data-2014
#18
Misoon Song, Xianglan Jin, Ha Na Ko, Sunghee H Tak
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the chief complaints (CCs) of elderly individuals on presentation to the emergency department (ED) according to gender, age, and disease-related and injury-related visits. METHODS: The 2014 registry database of the National Emergency Department Information System in South Korea, which included data on 908,761 ED visits by individuals aged 65 years and over, was reviewed. RESULTS: We found that 80.7% ED visits were related to disease, whereas the remaining visits were related to injury...
December 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053556/assessment-of-the-effect-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-renal-and-liver-functions-among-hiv-infected-patients-a-retrospective-study
#19
Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes, Birhanemeskel Tegene, Mikiyas Gebremichael, Gebrehawaria Birhane, Wabe Kedir, Belete Biadgo
BACKGROUND: The emergence of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has dramatically improved quality of life in prolonging survival of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on treatment in developed as well as developing countries. However, the main shortcoming of HAART in long-term use is its potential to cause liver and kidney derangements that may be life threatening. The drugs are actively accumulated in the proximal renal tubule resulting in functional disturbance with mitochondrial injury being one of the most important targets recognized...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051821/energy-drink-consumption-in-italian-university-students-food-habits-and-lifestyle
#20
V Vitiello, L Diolordi, M Pirrone, L M Donini, V Del Balzo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the consumption of ED (Energy drink) among young people, both alone and in association with alcohol, as well as the food habits and lifestyle of ED consumers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous closed-ended questionnaire, was administered to a sample of students. The questionnaire is composed of 30 questions with multiple answers. The students, who come from different regions in Italy, were enrolled at two Italian Universities: Rome and Cagliari...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
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