keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1,25(OH)2D3

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222424/1%C3%AE-25-oh-2d3-sensitive-cytosolic-ph-regulation-and-glycolytic-flux-in-human-endometrial-ishikawa-cells
#1
Ni Zeng, Yuetao Zhou, Shaqiu Zhang, Yogesh Singh, Bing Shi, Madhuri S Salker, Florian Lang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tumor cell proliferation is modified by 1,25-Dihydroxy-Vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), a steroid hormone predominantly known for its role in calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Key properties of tumor cells include enhanced glycolytic flux with excessive consumption of glucose and formation of lactate. As glycolysis is highly sensitive to cytosolic pH, maintenance of glycolysis requires export of H+ ions and lactate, which is in part accomplished by Na+/H+ exchangers, such as NHE1 and monocarboxylate transporters, such as MCT4...
February 8, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218743/vitamin-d-signaling-and-melanoma-role-of-vitamin-d-and-its-receptors-in-melanoma-progression-and-management
#2
REVIEW
Andrzej T Slominski, Anna A Brożyna, Michal A Zmijewski, Wojciech Jóźwicki, Anton M Jetten, Rebecca S Mason, Robert C Tuckey, Craig A Elmets
Ultraviolet B (UVB), in addition to having carcinogenic activity, is required for the production of vitamin D3 (D3) in the skin which supplies >90% of the body's requirement. Vitamin D is activated through hydroxylation by 25-hydroxylases (CYP2R1 or CYP27A1) and 1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) to produce 1,25(OH)2D3, or through the action of CYP11A1 to produce mono-di- and trihydroxy-D3 products that can be further modified by CYP27B1, CYP27A1, and CYP24A1. The active forms of D3, in addition to regulating calcium metabolism, exert pleiotropic activities, which include anticarcinogenic and anti-melanoma effects in experimental models, with photoprotection against UVB-induced damage...
February 20, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216405/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-nonsecosteroidal-vitamin-d3-receptor-ligands-as-anti-tumor-agents
#3
Bin Wang, Meixi Hao, Can Zhang
1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3, also known as calcitriol), the active form of vitamin D3, is being increasingly recognized for cancer therapy. Our previous work showed that phenyl-pyrrolyl pentane analogs, which mimicked anti-proliferative activities against several cancer cell lines of the natural secosteroidal ligand 1,25-(OH)2D3. Here, in order to optimize the structural features and discover more potent derivative, a series of nonsecosteroidal vitamin D3 receptor (VDR) ligands bearing acetylene bond linker was designed, synthesized and evaluated...
February 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211493/25-hydroxyvitamin-d3-induces-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#4
Yan-Ru Lou, Tai Chong Toh, Yee Han Tee, Hanry Yu
25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] has recently been found to be an active hormone. Its biological actions are demonstrated in various cell types. 25(OH)D3 deficiency results in failure in bone formation and skeletal deformation. Here, we investigated the effect of 25(OH)D3 on osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). We also studied the effect of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1α,25-(OH)2D3], a metabolite of 25(OH)D3. One of the vitamin D responsive genes, 25(OH)D3-24-hydroxylase (cytochrome P450 family 24 subfamily A member 1) mRNA expression is up-regulated by 25(OH)D3 at 250-500 nM and by 1α,25-(OH)2D3 at 1-10 nM...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199350/25-hydroxyvitamin-d3-and-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-exert-distinct-effects-on-human-skeletal-muscle-function-and-gene-expression
#5
Zaki K Hassan-Smith, Carl Jenkinson, David J Smith, Ivan Hernandez, Stuart A Morgan, Nicola J Crabtree, Neil J Gittoes, Brian G Keevil, Paul M Stewart, Martin Hewison
Age-associated decline in muscle function represents a significant public health burden. Vitamin D-deficiency is also prevalent in aging subjects, and has been linked to loss of muscle mass and strength (sarcopenia), but the precise role of specific vitamin D metabolites in determining muscle phenotype and function is still unclear. To address this we quantified serum concentrations of multiple vitamin D metabolites, and assessed the impact of these metabolites on body composition/muscle function parameters, and muscle biopsy gene expression in a retrospective study of a cohort of healthy volunteers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193495/1%C3%AE-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-a-new-vitamin-d-metabolite-in-human-serum
#6
Steven Pauwels, Ivo Jans, Jaak Billen, Annemieke Heijboer, Annemieke Verstuyf, Geert Carmeliet, Chantal Mathieu, Miguel Maestro, Etienne Waelkens, Pieter Evenepoel, Roger Bouillon, Dirk Vanderschueren, Pieter Vermeersch
BACKGROUND: The measurement of 1α,25(OH)2D3 in human serum poses a true challenge as concentrations are very low and structurally similar metabolites can interfere. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During optimization of our in-house LC-MSMS method for serum 1α,25(OH)2D3 a previously co-eluting isobaric interference was separated. The isobar was identified as 1β,25(OH)2D3 by comparing retention time and fragmentation spectra to standards (other isobaric dihydroxylated vitamin D3 analogs)...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189050/h19-overexpression-induces-resistance-to-1-25-oh-2d3-by-targeting-vdr-through-mir-675-5p-in-colon-cancer-cells
#7
Shanwen Chen, Dingfang Bu, Yuanyuan Ma, Jing Zhu, Guowei Chen, Lie Sun, Shuai Zuo, Tengyu Li, Yisheng Pan, Xin Wang, Yucun Liu, Pengyuan Wang
The long noncoding (lnc) RNA H19 was involved in the tumorigenesis of many types of cancer. However, the role of H19 in the tumorigenesis of colon cancer has not been fully illustrated. Recent studies suggested a potential relationship between H19 and vitamin D receptor (VDR) signaling. Considering the pivotal role of VDR signaling in the colon epithelium both physiologically and pathologically, the correlation between H19 and VDR signaling may have an important role in the development of colon cancer. In this study, the correlation between H19 and vitamin D receptor (VDR) signaling and the underlying mechanisms in colon cancer were investigated both in vitro and in vivo...
February 7, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178628/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-1-%C3%AE-hydroxylase-in-apoliporotein-e-knockout-mice-the-role-of-protecting-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-from-calcification
#8
Wei Xiang, Wang Liao, Zhuwen Yi, Xiaojie He, Yan Ding
Previous publications widely reported that 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1-α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) regulated the metabolism of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, which has a close association between altered activity of vitamin D and vascular calcification has been reported in various human diseases, including chronic kidney disease, osteoporosis and atherosclerosis. Vascular calcification is a clinically significant component of atherosclerosis and may be promoted by ROS associated inflammatory. In this study, we evaluated the effect of 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1-α-hydroxylase on the atherosclerosis disease both in apolipoprotein (apo) E-/- mice and wild-type mice...
February 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167299/1-25-oh-2d3-and-calcipotriol-its-hypocalcemic-analog-exert-a-long-lasting-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-proliferative-effect-in-synoviocytes-cultured-from-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis
#9
Johanna A Huhtakangas, Johanna Veijola, Sanna Turunen, Anna Karjalainen, Maarit Valkealahti, Tomi Nousiainen, Susanna Yli-Luukko, Olli Vuolteenaho, Petri Lehenkari
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effects of 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), i.e. biologically active vitamin D and calcipotriol, a vitamin D analogue, on growth and secretion of inflammatory mediators in synovial stromal cells (SSC) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Synovial stromal cells (SSC) isolated during knee prosthesis surgery from four patients with RA and four with OA were exposed to 1,25(OH)2D3 or calcipotriol with or without stimulation of cells with IL-1β or TNF-α...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163244/colonic-transcriptional-response-to-1%C3%AE-25-oh-2-vitamin-d3-in-african-and-european-americans
#10
Dereck Alleyne, David B Witonsky, Brandon Mapes, Shigeki Nakagome, Meredith Sommars, Ellie Hong, Katy A Muckala, Anna Di Rienzo, Sonia S Kupfer
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a significant health burden especially among African Americans (AA). Epidemiological studies have correlated low serum vitamin D with CRC risk, and, while hypovitaminosis D is more common and more severe in AA, the mechanisms by which vitamin D modulates CRC risk and how these differ by race are not well understood. Active vitamin D (1α,25(OH)2D3) has chemoprotective effects primarily through transcriptional regulation of target genes in the colon. We hypothesized that transcriptional response to 1α,25(OH)2D3 differs between AA and European Americans (EA) irrespective of serum vitamin D and that regulatory variants could impact transcriptional response...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161637/ameloblastin-and-enamelin-prevent-osteoclast-formation-by-suppressing-rankl-expression-via-mapk-signaling-pathway
#11
Wichida Chaweewannakorn, Wataru Ariyoshi, Toshinori Okinaga, Kazumasa Morikawa, Katsura Saeki, Kenshi Maki, Tatsuji Nishihara
Ameloblastin (Ambn) and enamelin (Enam) play a pivotal role in enamel mineralization. Previous studies have demonstrated that these enamel-related gene products also affect bone growth and remodeling; however, the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. In the present study, we examined the effects of Ambn and Enam on the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL) expression induced with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) and dexamethasone (DEX) on mouse bone marrow stromal cell line ST2 cells...
February 1, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161590/granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-dependent-cd11c-positive-cells-differentiate-into-active-osteoclasts
#12
Nina Ruef, Silvia Dolder, Daniel Aeberli, Michal Seitz, Deepak Balani, Willy Hofstetter
Levels of circulating cytokines are elevated in inflammatory diseases. Previously, it was shown that interleukin (IL-)17A, in synergism with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] and tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), induces the release of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) by murine osteoblasts in vitro. In this study, we further analyzed the effects of GM-CSF on osteoclast development in vitro. The effects of IL-17A, TNFα, and 1,25(OH)2D3 on the regulation of osteoclast development were investigated in cocultures of bone marrow-derived osteoclast progenitor cells (OPC) and mouse calvarial osteoblasts...
February 1, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161064/dysregulation-of-maternal-and-placental-vitamin-d-metabolism-in-preeclampsia
#13
J A Tamblyn, R Susarla, C Jenkinson, L E Jeffery, O Ohizua, R F Chun, S Y Chan, M D Kilby, M Hewison
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiology has linked preeclampsia (PET) to decreased maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3). However, alterations in systemic and placental/decidual transport and metabolism of 25(OH)D3 during pregnancy suggest that other forms of vitamin D may also contribute to the pathophysiology of PET. METHODS: In a cross sectional analysis of normal pregnant women at 1st (n = 25) and 3rd trimester (n = 21), pregnant women with PET (n = 22), and non-pregnant female controls (n = 20) vitamin D metabolites were quantified in paired maternal serum, placental, and decidual tissue...
February 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152538/two-cases-of-mistaken-polyuria-and-nephrocalcinosis-in-infants-with-glucose-galactose-malabsorption-a-possible-role-of-1-25-oh-2d3%C3%A2
#14
Melissa Fiscaletti, Marie-Jeanne Lebel, Nathalie Alos, Geneviève Benoit, Prévost Jantchou
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Glucose-galactose malabsorption (GGM) is a rare and potentially fatal disorder. The autosomal recessive mutation of the SGLT1 gene interferes with the active glucose transport in the gut resulting in osmotic diarrhea and failure to thrive (FTT). Two nonrelated infants with GGM are presented as well as a novel mutation in SGLT1. CASE PRESENTATION: The first case consulted for FTT and presented with hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria. His mother had self-medicated with high doses of vitamin D...
February 2, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133358/1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-does-not-affect-microrna-expression-when-suppressing-human-th17-differentiation
#15
Jian Huang, Zibin Liang, Ying Kuang, Fujie Jia, Yaqi Yang, Miaomiao Kang, Muke Xie, Feng Li
BACKGROUND Vitamin D is an import regulator of T helper 17 (Th17) differentiation, but our understanding of the underlying mechanisms remains limited. In the present study, we aimed to detect the expression levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) during human Th17 differentiation and evaluate the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), the bioactive form of vitamin D, on Th17 differentiation and miRNA expression. MATERIAL AND METHODS We cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in vitro and activated them with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibodies in the presence of Th17-promoting cytokines interleukin (IL)-23, IL-1β, TGF-β1, and IL-6 for 72 hours...
January 30, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131909/differential-gene-expression-by-1-25-oh-2d3-in-an-endometriosis-stromal-cell-line
#16
Sue Ann Ingles, Liang Wu, Benjamin T Liu, Yibu Chen, Chun-Yeh Wang, Claire Templeman, Doerthe Brueggmann
Endometriosis is a common female reproductive disease characterized by invasion of endometrial cells into other organs, frequently causing pelvic pain and infertility. Alterations of the vitamin D system have been linked to endometriosis incidence and severity. To shed light on the potential mechanism for these associations, we examined the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on gene expression in endometriosis cells. Stromal cell lines derived from endometriosis tissue were treated with 1,25(OH)2D3, and RNA-seq was used to identify genes differentially expressed between treated and untreated cells...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130182/induction-of-cftr-gene-expression-by-1-25-oh-2-vitamin-d3-25oh-vitamin-d3-and-vitamin-d3-in-cultured-human-airway-epithelial-cells-and-in-mouse-airways
#17
Kristina M DiFranco, Jennifer K Mulligan, Aman S Sumal, Gill Diamond
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, which often leads to protein misfolding and no CFTR surface localization. This then leads to chronic airway infections, inflammation, and tissue damage. Although vitamin D has been explored as a therapy to treat CF due to its antimicrobial-inducing and anti-inflammatory properties, the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1α,25(OH)2D3) on CFTR directly has not been studied...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123720/vitamin-d-improves-immune-function-in-immunosuppressant-mice-induced-by-glucocorticoid
#18
Zongye Wang, Ying Wang, Bingxin Xu, Junli Liu, Ye Ren, Zhuojie Dai, Di Cui, Xiaoming Su, Shaoyan Si, Shu Jun Song
Vitamin D is an essential fat-soluble vitamin with multiple functions. Vitamin D receptor has been shown to be expressed in several types of immune cells suggesting vitamin D may have immune regulatory roles. Vitamin D insufficiency has been suggested to increase the risk of autoimmune diseases. However, little is known regarding its immunomodulatory effects in the condition of immune suppression. The aim of the present study was to investigate the regulatory effects of vitamin D on immune function in immunosuppressant mice...
January 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116494/use-of-surface-plasmon-resonance-in-the-binding-study-of-vitamin-d-metabolites-and-analogues-with-vitamin-d-binding-protein
#19
Pilar Canoa, Marcos L Rivadulla, Jonathan Popplewell, René van Oosten, Generosa Gómez, Yagamare Fall
Vitamin D3 and its metabolites are lipophilic molecules with low aqueous solubility and must be transported bound to plasma carrier proteins, primarily to vitamin D binding protein (DBP). The biological functions of vitamin D3 metabolites are intimately dependent on the protein, hence the importance of determining their affinity for DBP. In this study, we developed a novel procedure for measuring the kinetic and equilibrium constants of human-DBP with vitamin D3 and three metabolites: 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3) and 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [24,25(OH)2D3] by surface plasmon resonance (SPR)...
January 23, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111615/the-effects-of-first-line-anti-tuberculosis-drugs-on-the-actions-of-vitamin-d-in-human-macrophages
#20
Supavit Chesdachai, Susu M Zughaier, Li Hao, Russell R Kempker, Henry M Blumberg, Thomas R Ziegler, Vin Tangpricha
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem. Patients with TB have a high rate of vitamin D deficiency, both at diagnosis and during the course of treatment with anti-tuberculosis drugs. Although data on the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation on Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) clearance is uncertain from randomized controlled trials (RCTs), vitamin D enhances the expression of the anti-microbial peptide human cathelicidin (hCAP18) in cultured macrophages in vitro. One possible explanation for the mixed (primarily negative) results of RCTs examining vitamin D treatment in TB infection is that anti-TB drugs given to enrolled subjects may impact actions of vitamin D to enhance cathelicidin in macrophages...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
keyword
keyword
81863
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"