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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413696/prevalence-of-potential-sports-associated-risk-factors-in-swiss-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients
#1
Nina Feddermann-Demont, Astrid Junge, Konrad P Weber, Michael Weller, Jiří Dvořák, Alexander A Tarnutzer
OBJECTIVES: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been reported to occur with increased incidence amongst physically active people. The role of extrinsic risk factors as physical activity, head trauma and drug/pesticide-exposure in the pathophysiology of ALS and especially in the context of practising sports remains controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied exposure to extrinsic factors in 92 ALS patients in the presymptomatic stage. Metabolic equivalents (METs) were calculated and the association of physical activity, drug intake, head trauma and participation in specific sports (football [soccer], ice hockey) with age at symptom-onset was evaluated...
April 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399668/kinesiology-tape-mediates-soccer-simulated-and-local-peroneal-fatigue-in-soccer-players
#2
Claire Farquharson, Matt Greig
To investigate the efficacy of kinesiology taping in mediating the influence of fatigue on ankle sprain risk, 12 male soccer players completed single-leg dynamic balance trials pre- and post-exercise (soccer-specific protocol, isokinetic ankle inversion/eversion protocol) in each of three counter-balanced taping conditions (no tape, zinc oxide tape ZO, kinesiology tape KT). Balance was quantified as the overall stability index (OSI) and directional stability indices of platform deflection. Soccer-specific fatigue only increased OSI in the no tape condition (p = 0...
April 12, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398942/acute-on-chronic-anterolateral-tibiofibular-joint-dislocation-in-a-child
#3
Jeewanjit S Gill, Amal Al-Shibli, Victor Istasy, Rodrick Lim
Tibiofibular joint injury in children is an uncommon injury. It is usually associated with acute injuries in sports that involve aggressive twisting of the knee, such as soccer and snowboarding. We present a case of a 17-year-old male adolescent who sustained an acute dislocation of the anterolateral tibiofibular joint with routine ambulation, who had a chronic history of subluxation. To our knowledge, this has not been previously reported. The diagnosis requires a high level of awareness and suspicion, and plain radiographs may aid in the diagnosis especially if contralateral comparison views are obtained...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389864/does-the-fifa-11-%C3%A2-injury-prevention-program-reduce-the-incidence-of-acl-injury-in-male-soccer-players
#4
Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Mario Bizzini, Amelia Arundale, Bert R Mandelbaum, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: The FIFA 11+ injury prevention program has been shown to decrease the risk of soccer injuries in men and women. The program has also been shown to decrease time loss resulting from injury. However, previous studies have not specifically investigated how the program might impact the rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in male soccer players. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to examine if the FIFA 11+ injury prevention program can (1) reduce the overall number of ACL injuries in men who play competitive college soccer and whether any potential reduction in rate of ACL injuries differed based on (2) game versus practice setting; (3) player position; (4) level of play (Division I or II); or (5) field type...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387555/epidemiology-of-sport-related-concussions-in-high-school-athletes-national-athletic-treatment-injury-and-outcomes-network-nation-2011-2012-through-2013-2014
#5
Kathryn L O'Connor, Melissa M Baker, Sara L Dalton, Thomas P Dompier, Steven P Broglio, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Sports participation is one of the leading causes of concussions among nearly 8 million US high school student-athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of sport-related concussion (SRC) in 27 high school sports during the 2011-2012 through 2013-2014 academic years. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data from 27 sports in 147 high schools in the National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION)...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387553/head-impact-measurement-devices-a-systematic-review
#6
Kathryn L O'Connor, Steven Rowson, Stefan M Duma, Steven P Broglio
CONTEXT: With an estimated 3.8 million sport- and recreation-related concussions occurring annually, targeted prevention and diagnostic methods are needed. Biomechanical analysis of head impacts may provide quantitative information that can inform both prevention and diagnostic strategies. OBJECTIVE: To assess available head-impact devices and their clinical utility. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic search of the electronic database PubMed for peer-reviewed publications, using the following phrases: accelerometer and concussion, head impact telemetry, head impacts and concussion and sensor, head impacts and sensor, impact sensor and concussion, linear acceleration and concussion, rotational acceleration and concussion, and xpatch concussion...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383282/epidemiology-of-quadriceps-strains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#7
Timothy G Eckard, Zachary Y Kerr, Darin A Padua, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT:   Few researchers have examined the rates and patterns of quadriceps strains in student-athletes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of quadriceps strains in 25 NCAA sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Convenience sample of NCAA programs from 25 sports during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378509/hamstring-to-quadriceps-fatigue-ratio-offers-new-and-different-muscle-function-information-than-the-conventional-non-fatigued-ratio
#8
Matheus Daros Pinto, Anthony J Blazevich, Lars L Andersen, Pedro Mil-Homens, Ronei Silveira Pinto
Commonly used injury risk prediction tests such as the hamstring-to-quadriceps (H:Q) strength ratio appear to be poor predictors of non-contact injury. However, these tests are typically performed in a non-fatigued state, despite accumulated fatigue being an important risk factor for both hamstring strain (HS) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in professional soccer players PURPOSE: To examine the influence of neuromuscular fatigue on the H:Q strength ratio and the association between fatigued and non-fatigued ratio scores, after the effect of different H:Q calculation methods were compared and contrasted METHODS: Thirty-five professional soccer players performed a 30-repetition isokinetic fatigue test protocol...
April 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378465/cutoffs-of-isokinetic-strength-ratio-and-hamstring-strain-prediction-in-professional-soccer-players
#9
M Dauty, P Menu, A Fouasson-Chailloux
Hamstring strain injuries frequently occur during professional soccer practice. Low hamstring strength represents an intrinsic modifiable risk factor but cutoffs of isokinetic knee strength ratios are controversial to predict hamstring strain in professional soccer players. We aimed to predict hamstring strain in accordance with cutoffs of isokinetic knee strength ratios. Bilateral, conventional, and functional isokinetic strength ratios were calculated in 194 professional soccer players at the beginning of 15 consecutive seasons...
April 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361355/redox-status-alterations-during-the-competitive-season-in-%C3%A3-lite-soccer-players-focus-on-peripheral-leukocyte-derived-ros
#10
Matteo Becatti, Amanda Mannucci, Victoria Barygina, Gabriele Mascherini, Giacomo Emmi, Elena Silvestri, Daniel Wright, Niccolò Taddei, Giorgio Galanti, Claudia Fiorillo
It is well known that exercise training can deeply affect redox homeostasis by enhancing antioxidant defenses. However, exhaustive exercise can induce excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, leading to oxidative stress-related tissue injury and impaired muscle contractility. Hence, ROS represent important signaling molecules whose level has to be maintained to preserve normal cellular function, but which can also accumulate in response to repetitive muscle contraction. In fact, low levels of oxidants have been suggested to be essential for muscle contraction...
March 30, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360143/return-to-play-after-hamstring-injuries-in-football-soccer-a-worldwide-delphi-procedure-regarding-definition-medical-criteria-and-decision-making
#11
Nick van der Horst, Fjg Backx, Edwin A Goedhart, Bionka Ma Huisstede
There are three major questions about return to play (RTP) after hamstring injuries: How should RTP be defined? Which medical criteria should support the RTP decision? And who should make the RTP decision? The study aimed to provide a clear RTP definition and medical criteria for RTP and to clarify RTP consultation and responsibilities after hamstring injury. The study used the Delphi procedure. The results of a systematic review were used as a starting point for the Delphi procedure. Fifty-eight experts in the field of hamstring injury management selected by 28 FIFA Medical Centres of Excellence worldwide participated...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360142/do-functional-movement-screen-fms-composite-scores-predict-subsequent-injury-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Robert W Moran, Anthony G Schneiders, Jesse Mason, S John Sullivan
AIM: This paper aims to systematically review studies investigating the strength of association between FMS composite scores and subsequent risk of injury, taking into account both methodological quality and clinical and methodological diversity. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted for the period between their inception and 3 March 2016 using PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, Scopus, Academic Search Complete, AMED (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database), CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), Health Source and SPORTDiscus...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358221/descriptive-epidemiology-of-non-time-loss-injuries-in-collegiate-and-high-school-student-athletes
#13
Zachary Y Kerr, Robert C Lynall, Karen G Roos, Sara L Dalton, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT: Research on non-time-loss (NTL) injuries, which result in less than 24 hours of restriction from participation, is limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of NTL injuries among collegiate and high school student-athletes. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data collected from a convenience sample of National College Athletic Association varsity teams and 147 high schools in 26 states...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353415/casting-and-splinting-management-for-hand-injuries-in-the-in-season-contact-sport-athlete
#14
Katherine H Carruthers, Olivia O'Reilly, Martin Skie, John Walters, Patrick Siparsky
CONTEXT: Upper extremity injuries are extremely common in contact sports such as football, soccer, and lacrosse. The culture of competitive athletics provides an environment where hand injuries are frequently downplayed in an effort to prevent loss of game time. However, studies have shown that many sport-induced hand injuries do not actually require immediate surgical attention and can be safely treated through immobilization so that the athlete may complete the athletic season. In these cases, appropriate casting and splinting measures should be taken to ensure protection of the injured player and the other competitors without causing loss of game time...
March 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351225/specialization-patterns-across-various-youth-sports-and-relationship-to-injury-risk
#15
Jacqueline Pasulka, Neeru Jayanthi, Ashley McCann, Lara R Dugas, Cynthia LaBella
OBJECTIVES: Current trends among young athletes towards earlier specialization age and year-round training on multiple teams has raised concern for increased injury risk. Our previous analyses showed higher risk for injury in highly specialized young athletes. The goal of this research was to determine whether sports specialization and injury patterns vary by sports type. METHODS: In this clinical case-control study, injured athletes (aged 7-18 years) were recruited from sports medicine clinics and compared to similarly aged uninjured athletes recruited from primary care clinics...
March 29, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349205/prevalence-and-clinical-features-of-sports-related-lumbosacral-stress-injuries-in-the-young
#16
Hideto Kaneko, Mototsune Murakami, Kazuya Nishizawa
BACKGROUND: Stress injuries (stress fractures and stress reactions) of the lumbosacral region are one of the causes of sports-related lower back pain in young individuals. These injuries can be detected by bone marrow edema lesion on MRI. However, little is known about the prevalence and clinical features of early stage lumbosacral stress injuries. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of lumbosacral stress injuries. METHODS: A total of 312 patients (under 18 years of age) who complained of sports-related lower back pain that had lasted for ≥7 days underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans...
May 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338388/preferred-hip-strategy-during-landing-reduces-knee-abduction-moment-in-collegiate-female-soccer-players
#17
Anh-Dung Nguyen, Jeffrey B Taylor, Taylor G Wimbish, Jennifer L Keith, Kevin R Ford
CONTEXT: Hip focused interventions are aimed to decrease frontal plane knee loading related to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Whether a preferred hip landing strategy decreases frontal plane knee loading is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a preferred hip landing strategy during a drop vertical jump (DVJ) is utilized during a single leg landing (SLL) task and whether differences in frontal plane knee loading are consistent between a DVJ and a SLL task...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328720/ehrmann-fe-duncan-cs-sindhusake-d-franzsen-wn-and-greene-da-gps-and-injury-prevention-in-professional-soccer-j-strength-cond-res-30-2-360-367-2016
#18
Marco Beato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327163/injuries-in-male-and-female-semi-professional-football-soccer-players-in-nigeria-prospective-study-of-a-national-tournament
#19
Oluwatoyosi Babatunde Alex Owoeye, Ayoola Ibifubara Aiyegbusi, Oluwaseun Akinleye Fapojuwo, Oluwaseun Abdulganiyu Badru, Anike Rasheedat Babalola
BACKGROUND: Research on the epidemiology of football injuries in Africa is very sparse despite its importance for injury prevention planning in a continent with limited sports medicine resources. The vast majority of studies available in literature were conducted in Europe and only a very few studies have prospectively reported the pattern of football injury in Africa. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and pattern of injuries in a cohort of male and female semi-professional football players in Nigeria...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318315/the-epidemiology-of-deltoid-ligament-sprains-in-25-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports-2009-2010-through-2014-2015-academic-years
#20
Thomas J Kopec, Elizabeth E Hibberd, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Deltoid ligament sprains among collegiate student-athletes have not been extensively investigated. Research regarding the mechanisms, participation-restriction time, and recurrence of deltoid ligament sprains in collegiate student-athletes is lacking. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of deltoid ligament sprains in 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association championship sports. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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