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ost et al

Tara Nikonow Morgan, Mohammad Shahait, Avinash Maganty, Michael Ost, Stephen Jackman, Timothy Averch, Michelle Jo Semins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Journal of Endourology
Lars-Göran Öst
Atkins et al. strongly criticize my (Öst, 2014) systematic review and meta-analysis of ACT. The bulk of their re-examination of my article is divided into four parts: a) Selection of studies, b) Ratings of methodological quality, c) Meta-analysis, and d) Judgments of quality of evidence. It is evident from my paper that I have refuted their claims regarding each of these parts. Regarding a) Selection of studies I showed that only four studies had a cell size of less than 10 and their inclusion did not change the mean effect size or increased variability...
October 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Kyla S Ost, June L Round
Whereas strong evidence supports the notion that the microbiota promotes immune system maturation in multiple tissues, the identity of the specific microbes that elicit protective immunity to different infections is less clear. In a recent issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Thiemann et al. (2017) report the identification of specific gut bacteria that protect from Salmonella infection by priming host IFN-γ responses.
June 20, 2017: Immunity
Audun Havnen, Bjarne Hansen, Lars-Göran Öst, Gerd Kvale
BACKGROUND: In a previous effectiveness study (Havnen et al., 2014), 35 obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) patients underwent Concentrated Exposure Treatment (cET), which is a newly developed group treatment format delivered over four consecutive days. AIMS: The primary aims of the present study were to evaluate the treatment results for a new sample of OCD patients receiving the cET treatment approach and to replicate the effectiveness study described in Havnen et al...
March 13, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Jon Fauskanger Bjaastad, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland, Krister W Fjermestad, Torbjørn Torsheim, Odd E Havik, Einar R Heiervang, Lars-Göran Öst
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Competence and Adherence Scale for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CAS-CBT). The CAS-CBT is an 11-item scale developed to measure adherence and competence in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders in youth. A total of 181 videotapes from the treatment sessions in a randomized controlled effectiveness trial (Wergeland et al., 2014) comprising youth (N = 182, M age = 11.5 years, SD = 2.1, range 8-15 years, 53% girls, 90...
August 2016: Psychological Assessment
Michael C Ost
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Journal of Endourology
Thomas H Ollendick, Lars-Göran Ost, Lena Reuterskiöld, Natalie Costa
The purpose of the present study was twofold. In an analysis of data from an existing randomized control trial of brief cognitive behavioral treatment on specific phobias (One-Session Treatment, OST; Ollendick et al., 2009), we examined 1) the effect of comorbid specific phobias and other anxiety disorders on treatment outcomes, and 2) the effect of treatment of the specific phobia on these co-occurring disorders. These relations were explored in 100 youth presenting with animal, natural environment, situational, and "other" types of phobia...
September 2010: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Linda M G Vancleef, Madelon L Peters
Cognitive biases have been suggested to act as latent vulnerability factors for the onset and maintenance of affective and emotional disorders. Additionally, several global and specific personality constructs are known to influence the course of psychopathology (e.g., trait anxiety, optimism, anxiety sensitivity (AS), injury/illness sensitivity (IS), fear of negative evaluation (FNE)). The current study examined the specificity of the relation between these constructs and a negative interpretation bias. One hundred and fifty-four healthy participants completed the Body Sensations Interpretation Questionnaire (BSIQ) [Clark, D...
2008: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Yasushi Matsuzaki, Katsuto Tamai, Atsushi Kon, Daisuke Sawamura, Jouni Uitto, Isao Hashimoto
The 230-kDa bullous pemphigoid antigen gene is expressed primarily, if not exclusively, in basal keratinocytes of the epidermis. Keratinocyte responsive element 3, a cis-element at position -216 to -197 of the human 230-kDa bullous pemphigoid antigen gene promoter, confers tissue-specific expression to this gene (Tamai et al: J Biol Chem 270:7609-7614, 1995). In this study, we investigated the functional characteristics of keratinocyte responsive element 3 on the 230-kDa bullous pemphigoid antigen gene core promoter by transient transfections of cultured normal human keratinocytes and normal human fibroblasts, as well as of lung carcinoma (A549), osteosarcoma (OST), and gastric adenocarcinoma (GT3TKB) cell lines...
February 2003: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
W Breuer, R A Klein, B Hardt, A Bartoschek, E Bause
Pig liver oligosaccharyltransferase (OST), which is involved in the en bloc transfer of the Dol-PP-linked GlcNAc(2)-Man(9)-Glc(3) precursor on to asparagine residues in the Asn-Xaa-Thr/Ser sequence, is highly stereospecific for the conformation of the 3-carbon atom in the hydroxy amino acid. Moreover, substitution of the hydroxy group by either SH as in cysteine, or NH(2) as in beta,gamma-diamino-butanoic acid as reported previously [Bause, E. et al., Biochem. J. 312 (1995) 979-985], followed by the determination of the pH optimum for enzymatic activity, indicates that neither a negative nor a positive charge in the hydroxy amino acid position is tolerated by the enzyme...
July 20, 2001: FEBS Letters
A Kawashima, E Kawahara, R Tokuda, I Nakanishi
OST cells enhance the induction of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 by tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and the corresponding metastasis to lungs in vivo (Kawashima et al., 1994). We focused on the adhesive and migratory properties of OST cells, and investigated the expression of integrins in OST cells stimulated by TNFalpha in vitro. OST cells potentiated not only adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM) but also the migration on ECM. On competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses, the amounts of alpha2 (4...
2001: Cell Biology International
E C Hsu, S Sabatinos, F J Hoedemaeker, D R Rose, C D Richardson
Researchers at our laboratory have been dissecting the binding domains of the receptor for the Edmonston laboratory strain of measles virus (CD46) through site-specific mutagenesis. We initially substituted most of the hydrophilic amino acids in the two external short consensus regions (SCRI and SCRII) of CD46 with the amino acid alanine [Hsu et al. (1997) J. Virol. 71:6144-6154] and found that the glutamic-arginine residues at positions 58 and 59 were particularly sensitive to change. Here we consider the roles of hydrophobic amino acids in the binding between measles virus H protein and CD46...
June 5, 1999: Virology
L A Werner, L J Manseau
We have identified a Drosophila gene that has substantial sequence homology to a distinct class of proto-oncogenes that includes DBL, VAV, Tiam-1, ost and ect-2. It has predicted Rho or Rac guanine exchange factor (Rho/RacGEF) and pleckstin homology (PH) domains with the PH immediately downstream of the Rho/RacGEF. Rho/RacGEFs catalyze the dissociation of GDP from the Rho/Rac subfamily of Ras-like GTPases, thus activating the target Rho/Rac (Takai et al. (1995) Trends Biochem. Sci. 20, 227-231]. Members of the Rho/Rac subfamily regulate organization of the actin cytoskeleton, which controls the morphology, adhesion and motility of cells (Nobes et al...
March 10, 1997: Gene
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