keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Palsy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029275/surgical-management-of-intrinsic-tumors-of-the-facial-nerve
#1
Sampath Chandra Prasad, Melissa Laus, Manjunath Dandinarasaiah, Enrico Piccirillo, Alessandra Russo, Abdelkader Taibah, Mario Sanna
BACKGROUND: Intrinsic tumors of the facial nerve are a rare entity. Dealing with this subset of tumors is challenging both in terms of decision making and surgical intervention. OBJECTIVE: To review the outcomes of surgical management of facial nerve tumors and cable nerve graft interpositioning. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed at a referral center for skull base pathology. One hundred fifteen patients who were surgically treated for facial nerve tumors were included...
September 29, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029214/sleepless-night-and-day-the-plight-of-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#2
Christine M Walsh, Leslie Ruoff, Kathleen Walker, Alaisa Emery, Jonathan Varbel, Elissaios Karageorgiou, Phi N Luong, Irida Mance, Hilary W Heuer, Adam L Boxer, Lea T Grinberg, Joel H Kramer, Bruce L Miller, Thomas C Neylan
Objectives: To elucidate the unique sleep and waking characteristics in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), a neurodegenerative disease associated with motor deficits and dementia that largely affects the brainstem and thalamic regions. Methods: 20 PSP and 16 healthy older adult controls participated in this study. Participants underwent an overnight polysomnography and multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) the following day. Prior to the MSLT last trial, participants were asked to complete the Stanford Sleepiness Scale...
October 5, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028437/stimulants-do-not-increase-the-risk-of-seizure-related-hospitalizations-in-children-with-epilepsy
#3
Xinyue Liu, Paul R Carney, Regina Bussing, Richard Segal, Linda B Cottler, Almut G Winterstein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of stimulants in children with epilepsy. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study based on Medicaid Analytic eXtract billing records from 26 U.S. states from 1999 to 2010, we identified incident stimulant use among children with epilepsy through outpatient encounter claims and pharmacy claims. We established a control group of nonusers and used frequency matching to generate index dates. We followed both cohorts for 12 months and calculated hazard ratios [HRs] of current and former use of stimulants versus no use on the outcome of seizure-related hospitalization using multivariate Cox proportional hazard models...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028353/activated-microglia-targeting-dendrimer-minocycline-conjugate-as-therapeutics-for-neuroinflammation
#4
Rishi Sharma, Soo-Young Kim, Anjali Sharma, Zhi Zhang, Siva Pramodh Kambhampati, Sujatha Kannan, Rangaramanujam M Kannan
Brain related disorders have outmatched cancer and cardiovascular diseases worldwide as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The lack of effective therapies and the relatively dry central nervous system (CNS) drug pipeline pose formidable challenge. Superior, targeted delivery of current clinically approved drugs may offer significant potential. Minocycline has shown promise for the treatment of neurological diseases owing to its ability to penetrate the blood brain barrier (BBB), and potency. Despite its potential in the clinic, and in preclinical models, the high doses needed to affect a positive therapeutic response has led to side effects...
October 13, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027186/novel-technique-for-intraoperative-sciatic-nerve-assessment-in-complex-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-pilot-study
#5
Shai S Shemesh, Jonathan Robinson, Samuel Overley, Michael J Bronson, Calin S Moucha, Darwin Chen
INTRODUCTION: Sciatic nerve injury (SNI) is a potentially devastating complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Intraoperative neural monitoring has been found in several studies to be useful in preventing SNI, but can be difficult to implement. In this study, we examine the results of using a handheld nerve stimulator for intraoperative sciatic nerve (SN) monitoring during complex THA requiring limb lengthening and/or significant manipulation of the SN. METHODS: A consecutive series of 11 cases (9 patients, 11 hips) with either severe developmental dysplasia of the hip (Crowe 3-4) or other underlying conditions requiring complex hip reconstruction involving significant leg lengthening and/or nerve manipulation...
October 9, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026813/immediate-nerve-transfer-for-the-treatment-of-peroneal-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-an-intraneural-ganglion-case-report-and-review
#6
I Ratanshi, T A Clark, Jennifer L Giuffre
Intraneural ganglion cysts that occur within the common peroneal nerve are a rare cause of foot drop. The current standard of treatment for intraneural ganglion cysts involving the common peroneal nerve involves (1) cyst decompression and (2) ligation of the articular nerve branch to prevent recurrence. Nerve transfers are a time-dependent strategy for recovering ankle dorsiflexion in cases of high peroneal nerve palsy; however, this modality has not been performed for intraneural ganglion cysts involving the common peroneal nerve...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026314/facial-palsy-what-can-the-multidisciplinary-team-do
#7
REVIEW
Daniel P Butler, Adriaan O Grobbelaar
The functional and psychosocial impact of facial paralysis on the patient is significant. In response, a broad spectrum of treatment options exist and are provided by a multitude of health care practitioners. The cause and duration of the facial weakness can vary widely and the optimal care pathway varies. To optimize patient outcome, those involved in the care of patients with facial palsy should collaborate within comprehensive multidisciplinary teams (MDTs). At an international level, those involved in the care of patients with facial paralysis should aim to create standardized guidelines on which outcome domains matter most to patients to aid the identification of high quality care...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025169/-acute-bilateral-abducens-nerve-palsy-in-a-7-year-old-boy-atypical-miller-fisher-syndrome
#8
Ina Sterker, Ina Sorge, Matthias K Bernhard, Andreas Merkenschlager
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024824/body-mass-index-and-fitness-in-high-functioning-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-what-happened-over-a-decade
#9
Maremka Zwinkels, Tim Takken, Thijs Ruyten, Anne Visser-Meily, Olaf Verschuren
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, improving fitness has become an important goal in rehabilitation medicine in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). AIMS: To compare body mass index (BMI), performance-related fitness, and cardiorespiratory fitness of children with CP measured in 2014 with a comparable sample from 2004. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In total, 25 high-functioning children with CP (i.e., GMFCS I-II) measured in 2004 (13 boys; mean age 13...
October 9, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023666/nutritional-intervention-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-infants-with-suspected-cerebral-palsy-the-dolphin-infant-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Morag J Andrew, Jeremy R Parr, Christine Montague-Johnson, Karen Laler, Cathy Qi, Bonny Baker, Peter B Sullivan
AIM: To investigate whether docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), choline, and uridine-5-monophosphate (UMP) supplementation improves neurodevelopmental outcome in infants with suspected cerebral palsy (CP) versus a comparison group of children. METHOD: Infants aged 1 to 18 months with suspected CP were recruited from UK child development centres. Participants received daily treatment or control supplementation for 2 years (double-blind randomized control design). Stratification was by age, sex, predominant pattern of motor involvement (four limbs or other), and visual impairment (or not)...
October 12, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023650/the-hand-assessment-of-infants-a-new-tool-to-understand-early-hand-function-in-children-at-high-risk-of-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#11
Alicia J Spittle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022211/subjective-global-nutritional-assessment-a-reliable-screening-tool-for-nutritional-assessment-in-cerebral-palsy-children
#12
Priyanka Minocha, Sadasivan Sitaraman, Anita Choudhary, Rajiv Yadav
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of undernutrition in children with cerebral palsy and to compare subjective and objective methods of nutritional assessment. METHODS: This was a hospital based analytical observational study in which 180 children of cerebral palsy, aged 1-12 y, attending tertiary level hospital, Jaipur from March, 2012 through March, 2013 were included. Subjective assessment was done by questionnaire (Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment; SGNA) in which questions related to nutrition history and physical examination, signs of fat, muscle wasting and edema was done while objective assessment was done by weight, height and triceps skinfold thickness (TSFT) measurements...
October 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021668/influence-of-prevertebral-soft-tissue-swelling-on-dysphagia-after-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-using-a-rectangular-titanium-stand-alone-cage
#13
Toru Yamagata, Kentaro Naito, Masaki Yoshimura, Kenji Ohata, Toshihiro Takami
BACKGROUND: Postoperative oropharyngeal complications such as dysphagia after anterior cervical spine surgery are some of the least discussed surgery-related complications. The purpose of this retrospective study is to investigate the incidence and possible risk factors for 30-day postoperative dysphagia after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 152 consecutive patients who underwent 1- or 2-level ACDF using a rectangular titanium stand-alone cage in our institutes...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021412/postoperative-headache-after-undergoing-acoustic-neuroma-surgery-via-the-retrosigmoid-approach
#14
Noritaka Aihara, Hiroshi Yamada, Mariko Takahashi, Akira Inagaki, Shingo Murakami, Mitsuhito Mase
To estimate the duration of postoperative headache after surgery for acoustic neuroma and the effects of age, sex, tumor size, extent of tumor resection, type of skin incision, surgical duration, hearing preservation, and postoperative facial nerve palsy. This retrospective review analyzed clinical data from 97 patients who had undergone surgery for unilateral acoustic neuroma via the retrosigmoid approach >1 year previously. We investigated whether patients had headache at hospital discharge and during attendance at outpatient clinics...
October 12, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020869/a-review-of-four-health-procedures-that-school-nurses-may-encounter
#15
Rebecca Toothaker, Pamela Cook
The school nurse plays a vital role in providing care and meeting the health needs of students in the school setting. Students attend school with chronic conditions and complex medical problems such as quadriplegia, cerebral palsy, spina bifida, and muscular dystrophy. It is the responsibility of the school nurse to provide appropriate assessment, early intervention, and care for children in the school environment. The purpose of this article is to review and discuss the knowledge and skills the school nurse needs to care for students with central venous lines, gastrostomy tubes, altered urinary elimination, and tracheostomies...
October 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019631/disparities-in-life-course-outcomes-for-transition-aged-youth-with-disabilities
#16
Kruti Acharya, Regina Meza, Michael E Msall
Close to 750,000 youth with special health care needs transition to adult health care in the United States every year; however, less than one-half receive transition-planning services. Using the "F-words" organizing framework, this article explores life course outcomes and disparities in transition-aged youth with disabilities, with a special focus on youth with autism, Down syndrome, and cerebral palsy. Despite the importance of transition, a review of the available literature revealed that (1) youth with disabilities continue to have poor outcomes in all six "F-words" domains (ie, function, family, fitness, fun, friends, and future) and (2) transition outcomes vary by race/ethnicity and disability...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019629/health-disparities-and-child-development-after-prematurity
#17
Frances A Carter, Michael E Msall
There is increased recognition that preterm neonates require sequential surveillance to capture the spectrum of coordination, communication, learning, and behavior regulation disorders that may occur in the first 5 years of life and beyond. In particular, the framework of follow-up needs to go beyond the detection of cerebral palsy, blindness, and deafness in the first 2 years of life for only those at highest preterm risk (ie, <28 weeks gestation, with combinations of severe cranial sonographic abnormalities, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and retinopathy of prematurity)...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018652/anastomotic-aneurysm-formation-after-high-flow-bypass-surgery-a-case-report-with-histopathological-study
#18
Tatsuya Uchida, Masanori Yoshino, Shinji Ito, Takayuki Hara
Bypass surgery is often used in the treatment of large and giant aneurysms. Major complications that often arise during the perioperative period include cranial nerve palsy, ischemic complications, and hyperperfusion. However, there have been a few reports about late onset complications such as anastomotic aneurysms. In particular, anastomotic aneurysm after high flow bypasses has never been reported. A 57-year-old woman who had been suffering from left eye pain was diagnosed with a large aneurysm of the left internal carotid artery (ICA) in the cavernous portion...
October 2017: NMC Case Rep J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018400/including-a-lower-extremity-component-during-hand-arm-bimanual-intensive-training-does-not-attenuate-improvements-of-the-upper-extremities-a-retrospective-study-of-randomized-trials
#19
Geoffroy Saussez, Marina B Brandão, Andrew M Gordon, Yannick Bleyenheuft
Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy (HABIT) promotes hand function using intensive practice of bimanual functional and play tasks. This intervention has shown to be efficacious to improve upper-extremity (UE) function in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). In addition to UE function deficits, lower-extremity (LE) function and UE-LE coordination are also impaired in children with USCP. Recently, a new intervention has been introduced in which the LE is simultaneously engaged during HABIT (Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy Including Lower Extremities; HABIT-ILE)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018327/maternal-cigarette-smoke-exposure-worsens-neurological-outcomes-in-adolescent-offspring-with-hypoxic-ischemic-injury
#20
Yik L Chan, Sonia Saad, Rita Machaalani, Brian G Oliver, Bryce Vissel, Carol Pollock, Nicole M Jones, Hui Chen
Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) encephalopathy occurs in approximately 6 per 1000 term newborns leading to devastating neurological consequences, such as cerebral palsy and seizures. Maternal smoking is one of the prominent risk factors contributing to HI injury. Mitochondrial integrity plays a critical role in neural injury and repair during HI. We previously showed that maternal cigarette smoke exposure (SE) can reduce brain mitochondrial fission and autophagosome markers in male offspring. This was accompanied by increased brain cell apoptosis (active caspase-3) and DNA fragmentation (TUNEL staining)...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
81855
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"