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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667705/intellectual-disability-in-cerebral-palsy-a-population-based-retrospective-study
#1
Susan M Reid, Elaine M Meehan, Sarah J Arnup, Dinah S Reddihough
AIM: A population-based observational study design was used to describe the epidemiology of intellectual disability in cerebral palsy (CP) in terms of clinical and neuroimaging associations, and to report the impact of intellectual disability on utilization of health services and length of survival. METHOD: Population CP registry data were used to retrospectively assess the frequency of intellectual disability and strength of associations between intellectual disability and mobility, epilepsy, vision, hearing, communication, and neuroimaging patterns (n=1141)...
April 18, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667095/can-postoperative-deltoid-weakness-after-cervical-laminoplasty-be-prevented-by-using-intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring
#2
Muneharu Ando, Tetsuya Tamaki, Takuji Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Maio, Masatoshi Teraguchi, Noboru Takiguchi, Hiroki Iwahashi, Makiko Onishi, Yukihiro Nakagawa, Hiroshi Iwasaki, Shunji Tsutsui, Masanari Takami, Hiroshi Yamada
Laminoplasty, frequently performed in patients with cervical myelopathy, is safe and provides relatively good results. However, motor palsy of the upper extremities, which occurs after decompression surgery for cervical myelopathy, often reduces muscle strength of the deltoid muscle, mainly in the C5 myotome. The aim of this study was to investigate prospectively whether postoperative deltoid weakness (DW) can be predicted by performing intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) during cervical laminoplasty and to clarify whether it is possible to prevent palsy using IONM...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666737/a-rare-case-of-progressive-palsy-of-the-lower-leg-during-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-via-a-transforaminal-approach
#3
Hiroaki Manabe, Kosaku Higashino, Kosuke Sugiura
Percutaneous endoscopic discectomy (PED) for lumbar disc herniation is gaining popularity with the transforaminal (TF) approach preferred because it allows surgery under local anesthesia and preserves the spinal muscles. Although this procedure has some characteristic complications, it is rare for PED to be converted to conventional open surgery due to worsening of symptoms intraoperatively. Here, we report PED via the TF approach that required conversion to open surgery. A 20-year-old man with a large disc herniation at L3/4 developed severe progressive leg pain and muscle weakness of the left leg intraoperatively...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666163/neurodevelopmental-impairment-among-extremely-preterm-infants-in-the-neonatal-research-network
#4
Ira Adams-Chapman, Roy J Heyne, Sara B DeMauro, Andrea F Duncan, Susan R Hintz, Athina Pappas, Betty R Vohr, Scott A McDonald, Abhik Das, Jamie E Newman, Rosemary D Higgins
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the spectrum of neurodevelopmental outcome in a contemporary cohort of extremely preterm infants. We hypothesize that the rate of severe neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) decreases over time. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants ≤27 weeks' gestational age (GA) from a Neonatal Research Network center that completed neurodevelopmental follow-up assessments between April 1, 2011, and January 1, 2015...
April 17, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665890/a-novel-technique-to-identify-the-nerve-of-origin-in-head-and-neck-schwannomas
#5
H H Ching, A G Spinner, N H Reeve, R C Wang
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the nerve of origin in head and neck schwannomas is a diagnostic challenge. Surgical management leads to a risk of permanent deficit. Accurate identification of the nerve would improve operative planning and patient counselling. METHODS: Three patients with head and neck schwannomas underwent a diagnostic procedure hypothesised to identify the nerve of origin. The masses were infiltrated with 1 per cent lidocaine solution, and the patients were observed for neurological deficits...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664754/self-reported-upper-limb-functioning-of-pupils-with-cerebral-palsy-by-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#6
Zoltán Lénárt, Eszter Szabó-Szemenyei, Adrienn A Tóth, Lajos Kullmann
International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health: Children and Youth Version has shown an increasing role in the assessment of children with cerebral palsy (CP), but just a few researchers use it for individuals' self-assessment. In this study, we present the self-assessment of functioning of students with CP and changes by the end of a school year. Thirty-seven pupils with spastic CP involving upper limbs, 24 pupils with typical development, and 20 pupils with speech and language disorders were studied by International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health core sets for CP...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664429/esophageal-ulcers-secondary-to-cryoenergy-after-pulmonary-vein-ablation-using-the-second-generation-balloon
#7
Luis Álvarez-Acosta, Alejandro Quijada-Fumero, Raquel Pimienta-González, Julio S Hernández-Afonso
Pulmonary vein isolation is an effective treatment for patients with symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Cryoablation balloon therapy has been developed as an alternative. Cryoablation complications have primarily been related to phrenic nerve palsy, vascular complications, stroke, and others of lesser incidence. Esophageal lesions are rare and they are not yet completely understood.
April 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664051/predictive-value-of-cranial-ultrasound-for-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-very-preterm-infants-with-brain-injury
#8
Xue-Hua Zhang, Shi-Jun Qiu, Wen-Juan Chen, Xi-Rong Gao, Ya Li, Jing Cao, Jing-Jing Zhang
Background: Compared with full-term infants, very preterm infants are more vulnerable to injury and long-term disability and are at high risk of death. The predictive value of ultrasound and imaging on the neurodevelopment is one of the hot topics. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between cranial ultrasound (cUS) variables and neurodevelopmental outcomes of very preterm infants. Methods: Totally 129 very preterm infants (gestational age ≤28 weeks) in neonatal intensive care unit of Hunan Children's Hospital between January 2012 and November 2014 were included in this retrospective study...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663838/discriminant-ability-and-criterion-validity-of-the-trunk-impairment-scale-for-cerebral-palsy
#9
Sílvia Leticia Pavão, Davi Adiwardana Maeda, Carolina Corsi, Mariana Martins Dos Santos, Carolina Souza N da Costa, Ana Carolina de Campos, Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha
AIMS: To compare the performance of children with mild and moderate-to-severe cerebral palsy (CP) on the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS), Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), and on center-of-pressure variables; to establish the discriminant ability of these tools to predict severity of motor impairment in CP; and to investigate the criterion validity of the TIS. METHODS: Children with mild (n = 18, 11 males, 7 females, mean age = 9.5 ± 2.9 years, Gross Motor Function Classification System I-II) and moderate-to-severe (n = 18, 11 males, 7 females, mean age = 9...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662725/multiple-cranial-neuropathies-in-a-patient-with-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Nakul Katyal, Anant Wadhwa, Pradeep C Bollu
Neuropathies can occur in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) at any stage of the disease as a presenting symptom or during later stages of illness. A wide spectrum of neurological association is known to occur with DLBCL, ranging from cranial nerve palsies to peripheral neuropathies. Evaluation of cranial and peripheral neuropathies in patients with DLBCL requires meticulous clinical, imaging, and electrodiagnostic testing. A 75-year-old right-handed female with a known history of multiple cranial neuropathies and DLBCL presented with acute dysphagia and upper extremity weakness of one-week duration...
February 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661986/maxillary-sinus-mucocele-with-orbital-complications
#11
Nicola Lombardo, Pierpaolo Ferrise, Giovanna Lucia Piazzetta, Donatella Bruzzichessi, Domenico Testa, Pasquale Viola, Corrado Pelaia, Gaetano Motta
INTRODUCTION: Maxillary sinus mucocele is an unusual clinic entity (incidence of 3-10%), represented by mucous secretion lined by respiratory stratified pavemented epithelium and its origin is mainly secondary to infections, inflammations, surgery, trauma or neoplasia. CASE REPORT: We present a case of maxillary sinus mucocele. Subject of the study is a 74 aged patient referring positive anamnesis for nasal cavity surgery. His symptoms appeared six months ago and he complainted vertical ocular diplopia and ocular tension sensation, without rhinologic complaints...
April 9, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661694/descriptive-epidemiology-of-parkinsonism-in-the-canton-of-geneva-switzerland
#12
Vanessa Fleury, Pauline Brindel, Nicolas Nicastro, Pierre R Burkhard
OBJECTIVES: A large descriptive cross-sectional population-based prevalence study as well as a retrospective incidence study were undertaken to ascertain the frequency of Parkinson's Disease (PD) and other types of degenerative and non-degenerative parkinsonism in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. METHODS: An extensive case-finding approach including records from public hospitals, private neurologists and nursing homes was utilized. All patients with a diagnosis of parkinsonism established between 2003 and 2012 were included...
April 9, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660955/change-in-mobility-function-and-its-causes-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-by-gross-motor-function-classification-system-level-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#13
Nobuaki Himuro, Reiko Mishima, Takashi Seshimo, Toshibumi Morishima, Keisuke Kosaki, Shigeharu Ibe, Yoshimi Asagai, Koji Minematsu, Kazuhiro Kurita, Tsutomu Okayasu, Tsukasa Shimura, Kotaro Hoshino, Toshiro Suzuki, Taiichiro Yanagizono
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for mobility function by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level is vital as a guide to rehabilitation for people with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate change in mobility function and its causes in adults with cerebral palsy by GMFCS level. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional questionnaire study. RESULTS: A total of 386 participants (26 y 8 m, SD 5 y 10 m) with cerebral palsy were analyzed...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660028/reoperation-for-medulloblastoma-prior-to-adjuvant-therapy
#14
Prayash Patel, David Wallace, Frederick A Boop, Brandy Vaughn, Giles W Robinson, Amar Gajjar, Paul Klimo
BACKGROUND: Surgery remains an integral part of the treatment of medulloblastoma. We present our experience with repeat surgery for this tumor before initiation of adjuvant therapy. OBJECTIVE: To report what was found intraoperatively and where at time of second-look surgery and detail any postoperative events or readmissions within 90 days of surgery. METHODS: Two separate institutional databases were queried to identify patients who underwent repeat resection of suspected residual medulloblastoma from January 2003 to January 2017...
April 11, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659303/activity-training-on-the-ground-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Theofani Bania, Hsiu-Ching Chiu, Evdokia Billis
PURPOSE: To systematically review the evidence about whether activity training on the ground is effective on activity or participation in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched in databases using relevant keywords. RCTs were included with children (≤18 years) with cerebral palsy who received activity training on the ground only or activity training on the ground combined with another type of physiotherapy. Outcome measures classified as measures of activity or participation according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health were analyzed...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658976/current-trends-in-the-use-of-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-the-united-states
#16
John A Palsis, Kit N Simpson, J Hunter Matthews, Sophia Traven, Josef K Eichinger, Richard J Friedman
Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) has become increasingly popular since its introduction to the United States. The purpose of this study was to assess the current trends and use of rTSA, anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA), and hemiarthroplasty (HA) from 2011 to 2014. Shoulder arthroplasty data from the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample database were analyzed for the years 2011 to 2014 using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification procedure codes...
April 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658831/short-burst-interval-treadmill-training-walking-capacity-and-performance-in-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#17
Kristie F Bjornson, Noelle Moreau, Amy Winter Bodkin
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of short-burst interval locomotor treadmill training (SBLTT) on walking capacity and performance in cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twelve children with spastic diplegic CP (average 8.6 years) across Gross Motor Function Classification System levels II (8) and III (4) were randomized to 20 SBLTT sessions over 4 or 10 weeks. SBLTT consisted of alternating 30 seconds of slow and fast walking for 30 minutes/session. Outcomes included the 10 m walk test, one-minute walk test (1MWT), and timed-up-and go (TUG) (capacity) and StepWatch (performance) collected at baseline, post, and 6 weeks post...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658318/what-makes-children-with-cerebral-palsy-vulnerable-to-malnutrition-findings-from-the-bangladesh-cerebral-palsy-register-bcpr
#18
Israt Jahan, Mohammad Muhit, Tasneem Karim, Hayley Smithers-Sheedy, Iona Novak, Cheryl Jones, Nadia Badawi, Gulam Khandaker
PURPOSE: To assess the nutritional status and underlying risk factors for malnutrition among children with cerebral palsy in rural Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used data from the Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register; a prospective population based surveillance of children with cerebral palsy aged 0-18 years in a rural subdistrict of Bangladesh (i.e., Shahjadpur). Socio-demographic, clinical and anthropometric measurements were collected using Bangladesh Cerebral Palsy Register record form...
April 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657479/minimally-invasive-mis-t%C3%A3-nnis-osteotomy-a-technical-annotation-and-review-of-short-term-results
#19
Balasubramanian Balakumar, Malek Racy, Sanjeev Madan
Aims: We detail a modified single incision approach to perform the Tonnis triple pelvic osteotomy by a minimally invasive approach. Patients and Methods: 12 children underwent minimally invasive Tonnis Osteotomy. There were five boys and seven girls in this study group. Average age was 11 years (9-15 years) at the time of surgery. Mean follow-up was 20.5 months (13-39 months). Results: The average preoperative Antero-Posterior (AP) Centre Edge (CE) angle was -8...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657082/horner-s-syndrome-following-obstetric-neuraxial-blockade-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
D J Chambers, K Bhatia
Horner's syndrome is a rarely reported complication of neuraxial blockade. In obstetric practice, the neurological signs of Horner's syndrome may cause anxiety amongst patients and healthcare staff, but more importantly may herald the onset of maternal hypotension. Medline, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases were searched to identify cases of Horner's syndrome following obstetric neuraxial blockade. Anaesthetic technique, clinical features, anaesthetic management of the Horner's syndrome and time to resolution were assessed...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
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