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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471600/-two-cases-of-transperineal-urethral-resection-of-the-prostate
#1
Kenji Niimura, Tadashi Hatano, Akashi Ikehara, Kei Iha, Shuichi Sato, Tomotsune Toyosato, Tokiko Niimura, Shinji Niimura
Two patients who could not take normal lithotomy position, one by fixation of the right hip joint due to coxitis, and the other by cerebral palsy, underwent transurethral resection of the prostate under perineal external urethrotomy. The perineal wound was closed and urethral catheter was inserted via the external urethral meatus. Postoperative course was uneventful for both patients.
January 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471380/dysarthria-in-mandarin-speaking-children-with-cerebral-palsy-speech-subsystem-profiles
#2
Li-Mei Chen, Katherine C Hustad, Ray D Kent, Yu Ching Lin
Purpose: This study explored the speech characteristics of Mandarin-speaking children with cerebral palsy (CP) and typically developing (TD) children to determine (a) how children in the 2 groups may differ in their speech patterns and (b) the variables correlated with speech intelligibility for words and sentences. Method: Data from 6 children with CP and a clinical diagnosis of moderate dysarthria were compared with data from 9 TD children using a multiple speech subsystems approach...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468665/promoting-optimal-bimanual-performance-in-cerebral-palsy
#3
Janice Pearse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468662/predictive-validity-of-spontaneous-early-infant-movement-for-later-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Amanda K L Kwong, Tara L Fitzgerald, Lex W Doyle, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Alicia J Spittle
AIM: To systematically review the predictive validity of spontaneous early infant movements for later cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: Cohort studies with published data to calculate predictive validity of early spontaneous movements for later CP were searched in four electronic databases: CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO. RESULTS: Forty-seven studies met inclusion criteria. The Prechtl General Movements Assessment (GMA) during the fidgety period (10-20wks corrected age) had the strongest sensitivity: 97 per cent (95% confidence interval [CI] 93-99) and specificity: 89% (95% CI 83-93)...
February 22, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468621/fusarium-brain-abscess-in-a-patient-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-liver-cirrhosis
#5
Yu-Ju Chen, Chao-Liang Chou, Kuan-Ju Lai, Ya-Ju Lin Lin
PURPOSE: Invasive mycosis caused by the Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Mucor can be fetal, especially in the immunocompromised patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement. Here we present a case of CNS Fusarium infection, and this is the first reported case of Fusarium brain abscess in Taiwan. CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old woman presented with fever and conscious disturbance for 3 days. Neurological examination showed stupor consciousness, neck stiffness, multiple cranial nerves palsy, and bilateral Babinski signs...
September 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468591/a-rat-model-of-perinatal-seizures-provoked-by-global-hypoxia
#6
Jason A Justice, Russell M Sanchez
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) refers to acute brain injury that results from perinatal asphyxia. HIE is a major cause of neonatal seizures, and outcomes can range from apparent recovery to severe cognitive impairment, cerebral palsy, and epilepsy. Acute partial seizures frequently aid in indicating the severity and localization of brain injury. However, evidence also suggests that the occurrence of seizures further increases the likelihood of epilepsy in later life regardless of the severity of the initial injury...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468266/bilateral-patterns-and-motor-function-of-the-extralaryngeal-branching-of-the-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve
#7
Ismail Cem Sormaz, Fatih Tunca, Yasemin Giles Şenyürek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the bilateral patterns and motor function of the extralaryngeal branches (ELB) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve(RLN). METHODS: This study included 500 consecutive patients who underwent total thyroidectomy. Intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) was used in 230 patients. Demographic data, indications for surgery, the bilateral patterns of ELB of the RLN, electromyographic activity of the ELB, distance between the branching point to the entrance into the larynx, and the rate of postoperative morbidity were analyzed...
February 21, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468002/idiopathic-non-traumatic-facial-nerve-palsy-bell-s-palsy-in-neonates-an-atypical-age-and-management-dilemma
#8
Abdulhafeez M Khair, Khalid Ibrahim
Idiopathic (Bell's) palsy is the commonest cause of unilateral facial paralysis in children. Although being idiopathic by definition, possible infectious, inflammatory, and ischemic triggers have been suggested. Bell's palsy is thought to be responsible for up to three-fourths of cases of acute unilateral facial paralysis worldwide. The diagnosis has to be reached after other causes of acute peripheral palsy have been excluded. However, it is rarely described in neonates and young infants. Steroids may have some role in treatment, but antiviral therapies have doubtful evidence of benefit...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467806/isolated-abducens-palsy-heralding-occult-human-immunodeficiency-virus-related-lymphoma
#9
Brandon J Baartman, Chrysavgi Adamopoulou
A 40-year-old African American man with recently diagnosed Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) presented with isolated left abducens palsy. Initial neuro-imaging and laboratory evaluation, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, were unremarkable. Continued search for causative aetiology revealed systemic lymphoma diagnosed ultimately by bone marrow biopsy. Systemic lymphoma is commonly encountered in the HIV patient population, but presentation can be unusual and has been seen, albeit rarely, in the setting of isolated cranial neuropathy...
February 2018: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467685/how-executive-functions-are-evaluated-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#10
Armanda Pereira, Sílvia Lopes, Paula Magalhães, Adriana Sampaio, Elisa Chaleta, Pedro Rosário
Aims: The aim of the present study was to examine how executive functions are assessed in children and adolescents with Cerebral Palsy. Method: A systematic literature review was conducted using four bibliographic databases (WebScience, Scopus, PubMed, and Psycinfo), and only studies that evaluated at least one executive function were selected. Both the research and reporting of results were based on Cochrane's recommendations and PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) guidelines...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467306/gait-analysis-in-psp-and-nph-dual-task-conditions-make-the-difference
#11
Charlotte Selge, Florian Schoeberl, Andreas Zwergal, Georg Nuebling, Thomas Brandt, Marianne Dieterich, Roman Schniepp, Klaus Jahn
OBJECTIVE: To test whether quantitative gait analysis of gait under single- and dual-task conditions can be used for a differential diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, temporal and spatial gait parameters were analyzed in 38 patients with PSP (Neurological Disorders and Stroke and Society for Progressive Supranuclear Palsy diagnostic criteria), 27 patients with iNPH (international iNPH guidelines), and 38 healthy controls...
February 21, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467180/ocular-neuromyotonia
#12
Ricardo Soares-Dos-Reis, Ana Inês Martins, Ana Brás, Anabela Matos, Conceição Bento, João Lemos
Ocular neuromyotonia is a rare, albeit treatable, ocular motor disorder, characterised by recurrent brief episodes of diplopia due to tonic extraocular muscle contraction. Ephaptic transmission in a chronically damaged ocular motor nerve is the possible underlying mechanism. It usually improves with carbamazepine. A 53-year-old woman presented with a 4-month history of recurrent episodes of binocular vertical diplopia (up to 40/day), either spontaneously or after sustained downward gaze. Between episodes she had a mild left fourth nerve palsy...
February 21, 2018: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466895/altered-plasma-type-gelsolin-and-amyloid-%C3%AE-in-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy-under-therapeutic-hypothermia
#13
Isabel Benavente-Fernandez, Juan J Ramos-Rodriguez, Carmen Infante-Garcia, Gema Jimenez-Gomez, Alfonso Lechuga-Sancho, Simon Lubian-Lopez, Monica Garcia-Alloza
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a severe neonatal complication responsible for ∼23% of all neonatal deaths. Also, 30-70% of these patients will suffer lifetime disabilities, including learning impairment, epilepsy or cerebral palsy. However, biomarkers for HIE screening, or monitoring disease progression are limited. Herein, we sought to evaluate the clinical usefulness of plasma-type gelsolin (pGSN) and amyloid-beta (Aβ) 40 and 42 as prognostic biomarkers for HIE. pGSN has been previously suggested as a feasible marker in other brain injuries and amyloid-beta 40 and 42 are classically assessed in neurodegenerative diseases...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466556/acoustic-predictors-of-pediatric-dysarthria-in-cerebral-palsy
#14
Kristen M Allison, Katherine C Hustad
Purpose: The objectives of this study were to identify acoustic characteristics of connected speech that differentiate children with dysarthria secondary to cerebral palsy (CP) from typically developing children and to identify acoustic measures that best detect dysarthria in children with CP. Method: Twenty 5-year-old children with dysarthria secondary to CP were compared to 20 age- and sex-matched typically developing children on 5 acoustic measures of connected speech...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465546/bilateral-abducens-nerve-palsies-and-urinary-retention-caused-by-the-rupture-of-a-vertebral-artery-aneurysm-a-case-report-and-literature-review-erratum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465319/sit-still-and-pay-attention-trunk-movement-and-attentional-resources-in-infants-with-typical-and-delayed-development
#16
Sarah E Berger, Regina T Harbourne, Carmen L Guallpa Lliguichuzhca
AIMS: (1) examine infant movement during an early posture (sitting) utilizing a novel video assessment technique; and (2) document the differences between infants with typical development (TD), premature infants with motor delay, and infants with cerebral palsy (CP) during focused and nonfocused attention (NFA). METHODS: Infants were tested when they began to sit independently. We utilized Eulerian Video Magnification (EVM) to accentuate small trunk and pelvic movements for visual coding from video taken during a natural play task with and without focused attention (FA)...
February 21, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465276/clinician-perspectives-and-experiences-in-the-prescription-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Kyra Kane, Patricia Manns, Joel Lanovaz, Kristin Musselman
PURPOSE: Physiotherapists, orthotists, and physicians are involved in the prescription of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) for children with cerebral palsy (CP); however, little is known about how prescription decisions are made in practice. Therefore, the study objective was to identify current AFO prescription and clinical decision-making practices for children with CP in Canada. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted in five pediatric rehabilitation facilities, with 32 clinicians...
February 21, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465152/inter-and-intra-interviewer-reliability-of-italian-version-of-pediatric-evaluation-of-disability-inventory-i-pedi
#18
M Murgia, A Bernetti, M Delicata, C Massetti, E M Achilli, M Mangone, F Ioppolo, L Di Sante, V Santilli, G Galeoto, F Agostini, T Venditto
BACKGROUND: Childhood disabilities determine a range of immediate and long-term economic costs that have important implications for the well-being of the child, the family and the society. The Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) measures capability and performance in children aged between 6 months and 7.5 years. It contains three scales: Functional Skills Scales (FSS), Caregiver Assistance Scale (CAS) and Modifications Scale (MS). The present study evaluated the measurement properties of the Italian version of the PEDI (PEDI-I) in patients with spastic cerebral palsy (CP)...
March 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465035/-insufficient-ct-scan-in-visualizing-an-intracerebral-parenchymal-damage-in-a-six-month-old-boy
#19
Louise Kollander Jakobsen, Jacob Madsen, Maria Terase F Simonsen, Søren Kjærgaard
A six-month-old boy fell over, and a crochet hook penetrated his skin underneath his left eye. The hook was removed, and an emergency physician found a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 6-7. A CT scan showed no cerebral or ophthalmic injury. However, the patient was persistently apathic with head- and gaze direction towards the left and a facial nerve palsy. An MRI showed a linear intracerebral lesion stretching through pons into the cerebellar vermis. The patient had neuropaediatric rehabilitation and recovered fully within months...
February 12, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464974/a-comparison-of-spastic-diplegia-in-term-and-preterm-born-children
#20
Prashant Jauhari, Pratibha Singhi, Naveen Sankhyan, Prahbhjot Malhi, Sameer Vyas, Niranjan Khandelwal
This study compared the risk factors and clinical and radiologic profile of children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy born at term (≥37 weeks) with those born preterm. Children (2-14 years) with cerebral palsy meeting the study criteria for spastic diplegia were enrolled. Antecedent risk factors, clinical profile, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were recorded. Spasticity, functional ability, intellectual ability, and social quotient were assessed using standard scales. Ninety-three children met the study inclusion criteria (45 term, 48 preterm)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
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