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Stacey J Ellery, Meredith Kelleher, Peta Grigsby, Irina Burd, Jan B Derks, Jon Hirst, Suzanne L Miller, Larry S Sherman, Mary Tolcos, David Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Nicholas Brandmeir, Russell Payne, Elias Rizk, R Shane Tubbs, Juan Luis Arsuaga, Antonis Bartsiokas
Objective King Philip II, the father of Alexander the Great, suffered a penetrating wound to the leg from a spear that left him severely handicapped. His skeletal remains represent the first and only case of an injury from ancient Greece that can be directly compared to its historical record. The objective of the study was to confirm the identity of the male occupant of Royal Tomb I in Vergina, Greece as Philip II of Macedonia by providing new evidence based on anatomical dissection and correlation with the historical description of the wounds...
April 18, 2018: Curēus
Kayo Suzuki, Taketoshi Yasuda, Toshihito Hiraiwa, Masahiko Kanamori, Tomoatsu Kimura, Yoshiharu Kawaguchi
Primary cauda equina lymphoma (CEL) is a rare malignant tumor among various neoplasms that affects the cauda equina nerve roots. The present case report described the case of a 65-year-old man who presented with cauda equina syndrome with progressive motor palsy in the legs and gait disturbance over the last 5 months. Magnetic resonance (MR) images showed enlargement of the cauda equina occupying the dural sac from the L1-S1 level with isointensity to the spinal cord signal on both T1- and T2-weighted imaging...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Ling-Xin Li, Ming-Ming Zhang, Yin Zhang, Jing He
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy for children with cerebral palsy. Data Sources: We conducted electronic searches of PUBMED (1950/2017), EMBASE (1974/2017), ScienceDirect (1986/2017), Academic Source Premier (1887/2017), the Cochrane Library (Issue 4, April 2017), Science Citation Index Expanded (1900/2017), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (1915/2017), China Biological Medicine (1990/2017-04), WanFang (1980/2017), VIP (1989/2017), and Chinese Science Citation Database (1989/2017)...
June 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Emily Shepherd, Rehana A Salam, Philippa Middleton, Shanshan Han, Maria Makrides, Sarah McIntyre, Nadia Badawi, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is an umbrella term that encompasses disorders of movement and posture attributed to non-progressive disturbances occurring in the developing foetal or infant brain. As there are diverse risk factors and aetiologies, no one strategy will prevent cerebral palsy. Therefore, there is a need to systematically consider all potentially relevant interventions for prevention. OBJECTIVES: PrimaryTo summarise the evidence from Cochrane Systematic Reviews regarding effects of neonatal interventions for preventing cerebral palsy (reducing cerebral palsy risk)...
June 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Shunsuke Koga, Naomi Kouri, Ronald L Walton, Mark T W Ebbert, Keith A Josephs, Irene Litvan, Neill Graff-Radford, J Eric Ahlskog, Ryan J Uitti, Jay A van Gerpen, Bradley F Boeve, Adam Parks, Owen A Ross, Dennis W Dickson
Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a clinically heterogeneous tauopathy, which has overlapping clinicopathologic and genetic characteristics with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). This study aimed to elucidate whether transactive response DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP-43) pathology contributes to clinicopathologic heterogeneity of CBD. Paraffin-embedded sections of the midbrain, pons, subthalamic nucleus, and basal forebrain from 187 autopsy-confirmed CBD cases were screened with immunohistochemistry for phospho-TDP-43...
June 20, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
Chikako Ikeda, Osamu Yokota, Tomoko Miki, Shintaro Takenoshita, Hideki Ishizu, Seishi Terada, Norihito Yamada
Neurodegenerative diseases in which tau accumulation plays a cardinal role in the pathogenic process are called tauopathies, and when tau isoforms having four repeats of the microtubule binding sites, four-repeat tau, are selectively accumulated as pathological hallmarks, the term four-repeat tauopathy is used. The major four-repeat tauopathies are progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), corticobasal degeneration (CBD), and argyrophilic grain disease (AGD). Historically, neuronal cytopathologies, e.g., neurofibrillary tangles and ballooned neurons, were emphasized as characteristic lesions in PSP and CBD...
June 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
Erin L Crowgey, Adam G Marsh, Karyn G Robinson, Stephanie K Yeager, Robert E Akins
BACKGROUND: Spastic cerebral palsy (CP) is a leading cause of physical disability. Most people with spastic CP are born with it, but early diagnosis is challenging, and no current biomarker platform readily identifies affected individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate epigenetic profiles as biomarkers for spastic CP. A novel analysis pipeline was employed to assess DNA methylation patterns between peripheral blood cells of adolescent subjects (14.9 ± 0.3 years old) with spastic CP and controls at single CpG site resolution...
June 21, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
Emilio Sudy, Francisco Urbina
We describe a case of unilateral acne which appeared after an episode of facial nerve palsy. An 18-year-old female patient presented with papules and pustules predominantly located on the side where the facial paralysis occurred. The patient suffered right facial paralysis, which was treated with prednisone and kinesiotherapy with massages, electrostimulation, and infrared light. Two weeks later, acne lesions appeared in the area affected by the paralysis. As suggested in other cases of paralysis, including cases of Parkinson's disease and spinal cord injury, an increased sebum excretion rate and the immobility of the affected area are most likely what caused the unilateral acne lesions...
June 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Amy F Bailes, Jenny Dorich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Sílvia Leticia Pavão, Livia Pessarelli Visicato, Carolina Souza Neves da Costa, Ana Carolina de Campos, Nelci Adriana C F Rocha
AIM: To investigate suit-orthosis effects on postural sway during anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments (APA and CPA, respectively) in a seated reaching task performed by children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twenty-nine children were divided according to Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) I and II-III. Participants were instructed to reach forward toward an object both in a no-suit condition and in a suit-orthosis condition. RESULTS: Using the suit-orthosis, children at MACS II-III decreased velocity of center-of-pressure (CoP) sway during APA, whereas children at MACS I increased the anterior-posterior CoP displacement during CPA...
July 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Marcella Andrews, Kristie Bjornson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Kristen Nicholson, Nancy Lennon, Chris Church, Freeman Miller
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between the Gait Deviation Index (GDI) and walking activity preoperatively and postoperatively. METHODS: The GDI and walking activity from 74 youth with cerebral palsy (CP) were included in the analysis. The preoperative GDI was calculated using gait parameters collected during a clinical gait analysis 1 to 16 months prior to surgery. The postoperative GDI was calculated using gait parameters collected during a clinical gait analysis 10 to 26 months following surgery...
July 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Cornelia Putz, Ann- Kathrin Blessing, Sarah Erhard, Katharina Fiethen, Andreas Geisbüsch, Mirjam Niklasch, Leonhard Döderlein, Sebastian Immanuel Wolf, Thomas Dreher
BACKGROUND: Deterioration of gait in adolescent and adult patients with cerebral palsy can be associated with multiple factors. Multilevel surgery (MLS) is one option in adults with cerebral palsy to improve gait function with encouraging short-term results. It is a question whether these improvements are maintained over time. METHODS: In a retrospective consecutive cohort study, adults with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (BSCP) treated with MLS between 1995 and 2011 were scanned for potential inclusion...
June 20, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Venus Vakhshori, Ram K Alluri, Anuj Mahajan, Alidad Ghiassi
Background  Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are commonly treated using endovascular techniques. Previous nerve palsies after embolization have been reported as isolated case reports, none of which affected the forearm. Case Description  A case of acute, transient neuropathy of the radial nerve following embolization of a forearm AVM is described. The patient, an otherwise healthy 27-year-old man, began having symptoms of superficial radial nerve (SRN) and posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) palsies immediately following endovascular embolization...
July 2018: Journal of Wrist Surgery
R E López-Cervantes, M García-Elias, I Bermúdez Soto
Background  Axial carpal dislocations and fracture dislocations are 1.4 to 2.08% of all the fractures and dislocations of the wrist. These injuries are caused by high-energy blast or compression mechanisms. Only 11 cases of axial-radial-ulnar (ARU) fracture dislocations have been described in the literature. Case Description  We describe a case with a traumatic transtrapezoid, peritrapezium, transhamate, peripisiform ARU in a patient with acute compartment syndrome, traumatic transverse flexor retinaculum (TFR) rupture, and radial nerve palsy...
July 2018: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Yuko Ogawa, Masahiro Tsuji, Emi Tanaka, Mikiya Miyazato, Jun Hino
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are a group of proteins that induce the formation of bone and the development of the nervous system. BMP-3b, also known as growth and differentiation factor 10, is a member of the BMPs that is highly expressed in the developing and adult brain. BMP-3b is therefore thought to play an important role in the brain even after physiological neurogenesis has completed. BMP-3b is induced in peri-infarct neurons in aged brains and is one of the most highly upregulated genes during the initiation of axonal sprouting...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Lene Drasbek Huusom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: BMJ evidence-based medicine
Makoto Samukawa, Makito Hirano, Kazumasa Saigoh, Shigeru Kawai, Yukihiro Hamada, Daisuke Takahashi, Yusaku Nakamura, Susumu Kusunoki
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 (SCA8) is a rare autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease caused by expanded CTA/CTG repeats in the ATXN8OS gene. Many patients had pure cerebellar ataxia, while some had parkinsonism, both without causal explanation. We analyzed the ATXN8OS gene in 150 Japanese patients with ataxia and 76 patients with Parkinson's disease or related disorders. We systematically reassessed 123 patients with SCA8, both our patients and those reported in other studies. Two patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) had mutations in the ATXN8OS gene...
June 19, 2018: Cerebellum
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