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Think thin

Marie-Angela Schnyder, Paul Stolzmann, Gerhard Frank Huber, Christoph Schmid
BACKGROUND: Long-term severe hyperparathyroidism leads to thinning of cortical bone and cystic bone defects referred to as osteitis fibrosa cystica. Cysts filled with hemosiderin deposits may appear colored as "brown tumors." Osteitis fibrosa cystica and brown tumors are occasionally visualized as multiple, potentially corticalis-disrupting bone lesions mimicking metastases by bone scintigraphy or (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 72-year-old white woman who presented with malaise, weight loss, and hypercalcemia...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Zrinka Lulic, Shigeki Inui, Woo-Young Sim, Hoon Kang, Gwang Seong Choi, Woosung Hong, Toshiki Hatanaka, Timothy Wilson, Michael Manyak
This survey aimed to explore patient and physician attitudes towards male androgenetic alopecia (AGA), satisfaction with currently available male AGA treatments and investigate the factors affecting treatment choice. The survey was carried out in five countries (Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Mexico and Brazil) between November and December 2015 using a standard market research methodology. Questionnaires were completed by patients with male AGA or hair loss/thinning and practicing physicians who were responsible for prescribing AGA treatment...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
Alessandra Chiarugi, Paolo Nardini, Lorenzo Borgognoni, Paola Brandani, Gianni Gerlini, Pietro Rubegni, Arianna Lamberti, Camilla Salvini, Giovanni Lo Scocco, Roberto Cecchi, Riccardo Sirna, Stefano Lorenzi, Riccardo Gattai, Silvio Battistini, Emanuele Crocetti
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic trends of cutaneous melanoma are similar in several countries with a Western-type life style, where there is a progressive increasing incidence and a low but not decreasing mor- tality, or somewhere an increase too, especially in the older age groups. Also in Tuscany there is a steady rise in incidence with prevalence of in situ and invasive thin melanomas, with also an increase of thick melanomas. It is necessary to reduce the frequency of thick melanomas to reduce specific mortality...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Murat Serdar Gurses, Nursel Turkmen Inanir, Esra Soylu, Gokhan Gokalp, Elif Kir, Recep Fedakar
The evaluation of the ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis being part of an assigned expert approach according to standard plays an important role within civil and criminal proceedings in assessing whether a person has reached her/his 19th or 22nd year of age. Evaluation of the medial clavicular epiphysis with thin-section CT is one of the methods recommended by the Study Group on Forensic Age Diagnostics of the German Association of Forensic Medicine. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the thin-section CT (section thickness of 0...
March 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Johannes Golchert, Jonathan Smallwood, Elizabeth Jefferies, Paul Seli, Julia M Huntenburg, Franziskus Liem, Mark E Lauckner, Sabine Oligschläger, Boris C Bernhardt, Arno Villringer, Daniel S Margulies
Mind-wandering has a controversial relationship with cognitive control. Existing psychological evidence supports the hypothesis that episodes of mind-wandering reflect a failure to constrain thinking to task-relevant material, as well the apparently alternative view that control can facilitate the expression of self-generated mental content. We assessed whether this apparent contradiction arises because of a failure to consider differences in the types of thoughts that occur during mind-wandering, and in particular, the associated level of intentionality...
February 1, 2017: NeuroImage
Peter A McCullough, Timothy Ball, Katy Mathews Cox, Manish D Assar
Warfarin has had a thin margin of benefit over risk for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with ESRD because of higher bleeding risks and complications of therapy. The successful use of warfarin has been dependent on the selection of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation at relatively high risk of stroke and systemic embolism and lower risks of bleeding over the course of therapy. Without such selection strategies, broad use of warfarin has not proven to be beneficial to the broad population of patients with ESRD and nonvalvular atrial fibrillation...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Abdulkadir Tunç, Belma Doğan Güngen, Ferhat Evliyaoğlu, Yeşim Güzey Aras, Aysel Kaya Tekeşin
The aim of this study was to investigate retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL) thickness, macular changes (central subfield thickness (CST), cube average thickness (CAT), cube volume (CV) in patients with migraine using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to assess if there was any correlation with white matter lesions (WML). In this prospective case-control study, RNFL, GCL thickness and macular changes of 19 migraine patients with aura (MA), 41 migraine without aura (MO) and 60 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects were measured using OCT device...
March 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
S Guinard, A Olland, M Ohana, P-E Falcoz, R Kessler, G Massard
INTRODUCTION: In patients presenting with intra-abdominal tumor and peritoneal carcinomatosis, cytoreductive surgery associated with hyperthermic chemotherapy may offer improved survival. We describe a case of diaphragmatic paralysis following that kind of procedure. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old woman presented with respiratory insufficiency following cytoreductive surgery and intra-abdominal hyperthermic chemotherapy performed for pseudomyxoma intraperitonei. Pulmonary function assessment demonstrated a restrictive pattern...
September 14, 2016: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Kelly M Klein, Tiffany A Brown, Grace A Kennedy, Pamela K Keel
OBJECTIVE: Popular beliefs suggest that parents influence children's eating disorder risk through modeling pathological behaviors and attitudes, and this history may contribute to disordered eating in adulthood. However, the empirical basis for this popular thinking is limited by a reliance on cross-sectional designs that do not distinguish between maternal and paternal influences and use primarily child and adolescent samples. To address these limitations, the present study examined the impact of maternal and paternal dieting and comments about weight and eating, as reported by late adolescents, on the eating pathology of those late adolescents at 20-year follow-up...
May 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Eva Naumann, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Ulrich Voderholzer, Johanna Schäfer, Jennifer Svaldi
INTRODUCTION: Body dissatisfaction is an important risk and maintaining factor for eating disorders. The aim of the present study was to experimentally test the effects of two emotion regulation strategies - acceptance and rumination - on media-induced body dissatisfaction in eating disorders. METHOD: After watching pictures of thin models, women with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 39) and bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 39) were encouraged to either use emotional acceptance or rumination to cope with their feelings...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Paulius Ciegis, Andrejus Zevzikovas, Augusta Zevzikoviene, Palma Nenortiene, Daiva Kazlauskiene
The increasing drug consumption in Lithuania and all over the world makes us think about the negative consequences - the risk of toxicity. Fast and accurate identification of material that caused the poisoning reduces the probability in death cases and makes easier to determine the main cause of death. The results have shown that the most appropriate systems of solvents for qualitative analysis by TLC method of the mixture consisting of alprazolam, codeine and paracetanol are: system "D" (trichloromethane : acetone : conc...
May 2016: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Rachel Bachner-Melman, Lilac Lev-Ari, Raz Levin, Pesach Lichtenberg
There has been no research examining why people with disordered eating tend to be highly hypnotizable. The authors examine the hypothesis that concern for appropriateness mediates the association between hypnotizability and disordered eating. Fifty participants aged 15 to 30 completed the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26) and the Concern for Appropriateness Scale (CAS) and were administered the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale: Form C (SHSS:C). EAT-26 scores predicted CAS scores (β = 0.24, p < ...
2016: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Siân A McLean, Susan J Paxton, Eleanor H Wertheim
Exposure to thin-ideal media can contribute to increased body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls. Understanding the factors that may prevent or exacerbate the negative effects of media exposure on body dissatisfaction is important to facilitate prevention of these problems. This study evaluated the effects of exposure to thin-ideal media images on body image in three instructional set experimental conditions: appearance comparison, peer norms, and control. An important aim was to examine baseline levels of media literacy as a protective factor and trait thin-ideal internalization and trait upward appearance comparison as risk factors...
August 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Anthony K Hedley
Negative outcomes of earlier metal-backed patella designs have overshadowed reports of positive outcomes achieved with careful attention paid to component design, patellar tracking, and surgical technique. Much as reported elsewhere, we found earlier component failures were caused by poor locking mechanisms, thin polyethylene, poor tracking, and minimal femur contact. Over the past decade, however, our outcomes with Duracon metal-backed patellae have been encouraging. We think these positive outcomes, seen over a minimum 5-year follow-up, are largely attributable to the thicker polyethylene and improved articular conformity of this component relative to earlier designs...
February 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Amanda M Santos, Gláucia R G Benute, Roseli M Y Nomura, Niraldo O Santos, Mara C S De Lucia, Rossana P V Francisco
OBJECTIVE: To describe and determine the association between the occurrence of pica and eating attitudes in women with high-risk pregnancies and to determine the prevalence of pica during pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional and prospective 24-month study was conducted with 913 women with high-risk pregnancies. Structured interviews were carried out and the Eating Attitudes Test was applied. RESULTS: Pica was diagnosed in 5.7 % of the pregnant women, and its most commonly practiced type was geophagia (57...
March 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Ego Seeman
Vertebral fractures and trabecular bone loss have dominated thinking and research into the pathogenesis and the structural basis of bone fragility during the last 70 years. However, 80% of all fractures are non-vertebral and occur at regions assembled using large amounts of cortical bone; only 20% of fractures are vertebral. Moreover, ~80% of the skeleton is cortical and ~70% of all bone loss is cortical even though trabecular bone is lost more rapidly than cortical bone. Bone is lost because remodelling becomes unbalanced after midlife...
December 2015: Endocrinology and Metabolism
Kenichiro Ono, Hidenori Oishi, Yasuo Suga, Munetaka Yamamoto, Senshu Nonaka, Madoka Nakajima, Masakazu Miyajima, Hajime Arai
A 56-year-old man complained of gait disturbance and confused thinking. Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)revealed an arteriovenous malformation(AVM)of the cerebellar vermis(Spetzler-Martin grade IV)causing hydrocephalus. One dilated precentral cerebellar vein was compressing the aqueduct. After feeder embolization over 3 sessions using N-butyl cyanoacrylate(NBCA), the nidus was reduced to one-third in size. However, symptoms remained unimproved, and endoscopic third ventriculostomy(ETV)was performed. The third ventricle showed thinning of the floor, with a fenestration in part of the floor...
September 2015: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
Adil Karadağ, Nevzat Ünal, Keramettin Yanık, Recep Borucu, Murat Günaydın, Murat Hökelek
OBJECTIVE: Malaria is a parasitic disease, caused by Plasmodium species, which transmitted to humans through genus Anopheles mosquitoes. This disease widely spreaded in tropical and subtropical areas. The aim of our study is to evaluate malaria cases diagnosed by peripheral blood examination. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples sent to Parasitology Laboratory between 2001 and 2013 years, were examined using thick and thin blood smear techniques. RESULTS: A total of 102 blood samples obtained from suspected patients were examined and eight of them were found to be positive...
March 2015: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Anjeza Chukus, Nikki Tirada, Ricardo Restrepo, Neelima I Reddy
Ectopic pregnancy occurs when implantation of the blastocyst takes place in a site other than the endometrium of the uterine cavity. Uncommon implantation sites of ectopic pregnancy include the cervix, interstitial segment of the fallopian tube, scar from a prior cesarean delivery, uterine myometrium, ovary, and peritoneal cavity. Heterotopic and twin ectopic pregnancies are other rare manifestations. Ultrasonography (US) plays a central role in diagnosis of uncommon ectopic pregnancies. US features of an interstitial ectopic pregnancy include an echogenic interstitial line and abnormal bulging of the myometrial contour...
May 2015: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Adam E Green, Michael S Cohen, Hillary A Raab, Christopher G Yedibalian, Jeremy R Gray
No ability is more valued in the modern innovation-fueled economy than thinking creatively on demand, and the "thinking cap" capacity to augment state creativity (i.e., to try and succeed at thinking more creatively) is of broad importance for education and a rich mental life. Although brain-based creativity research has focused on static individual differences in trait creativity, less is known about changes in creative state within an individual. How does the brain augment state creativity when creative thinking is required? Can augmented creative state be consciously engaged and disengaged dynamically across time? Using a novel "thin slice" creativity paradigm in 55 fMRI participants performing verb-generation, we successfully cued large, conscious, short-duration increases in state creativity, indexed quantitatively by a measure of semantic distance derived via latent semantic analysis...
March 2015: Human Brain Mapping
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