keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

human milk

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684056/bifidobacteria-isolated-from-vaginal-and-gut-microbiomes-are-indistinguishable-by-comparative-genomics
#1
Aline C Freitas, Janet E Hill
Bifidobacteria colonize the human gastrointestinal tract, vagina, oral cavity and breast milk. They influence human physiology and nutrition through health-promoting effects, play an important role as primary colonizers of the newborn gut, and contribute to vaginal microbiome homeostasis by producing lactic acid. Nevertheless, the mechanisms by which bifidobacteria are transmitted from mother to infant remains in discussion. Moreover, studies have suggested that Bifidobacterium spp. have specializations for gut colonization, but comparisons of strains of the same bifidobacteria species from different body sites are lacking...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680805/examining-the-use-of-natural-in-breastfeeding-promotion-ethical-and-practical-concerns
#2
Jessica Martucci, Anne Barnhill
References to the 'natural' are common in public health messaging about breastfeeding. For example, the WHO writes that 'Breast milk is the natural first food for babies' and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has a breastfeeding promotion campaign called 'It's only natural', which champions breastfeeding as the natural way to feed a baby. This paper critically examines the use of 'natural' language in breastfeeding promotion by public health and medical bodies. A pragmatic concern with selling breastfeeding as 'natural' is that this may reinforce the already widespread perspective that natural options are presumptively healthier, safer and better, a view that works at cross-purposes to public health and medicine in other contexts...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679529/influence-of-human-milk-and-parenteral-lipid-emulsions-on-serum-fatty-acid-profiles-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#3
Anders K Nilsson, Chatarina Löfqvist, Svetlana Najm, Gunnel Hellgren, Karin Sävman, Mats X Andersson, Lois E H Smith, Ann Hellström
BACKGROUND: Infants born prematurely are at risk of a deficiency in ω-6 and ω-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) arachidonic acid (AA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). We investigated how fatty acids from breast milk and parenteral lipid emulsions shape serum LC-PUFA profiles in extremely preterm infants during early perinatal life. METHODS: Ninety infants born < 28 weeks gestational age were randomized to receive parenteral lipids with or without the ω-3 LC-PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and DHA (SMOFlipid: Fresenius Kabi, Uppsala, Sweden, or Clinoleic: Baxter Medical AB, Kista, Sweden, respectively)...
April 21, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679047/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-reduce-necrotizing-enterocolitis-across-hospital-systems
#4
Amy T Nathan, Laura Ward, Kurt Schibler, Laurel Moyer, Andrew South, Heather C Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating intestinal disease in premature infants. Local rates of NEC were unacceptably high. We hypothesized that utilizing quality improvement methodology to standardize care and apply evidence-based practices would reduce our rate of NEC. STUDY DESIGN: A multidisciplinary team used the model for improvement to prioritize interventions. Three neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) developed a standardized feeding protocol for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, and employed strategies to increase the use of human milk, maximize intestinal perfusion, and promote a healthy microbiome...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678922/enzymatic-synthesis-of-6-sialyllactose-a-dominant-sialylated-human-milk-oligosaccharide-by-a-novel-exo-%C3%AE-sialidase-from-bacteroides-fragilis-nctc9343
#5
Longcheng Guo, Xiaodi Chen, Li Xu, Min Xiao, Lili Lu
Gut bacteria provide a rich source of glycosidases that can recognize and/or hydrolyze glycans for nutritions. Interestingly, some glycosidases are also found to catalyze transglycosylation reactions in vitro and thus can be used for oligosaccharide synthesis. In this work, six putative and one known exo -α-sialidase genes, including three from Bacteroides fragilis NCTC9343, three from Clostridium perfringens ATCC13124, and one known from Bifidobacterium bifidum JCM1254, were subjected to gene cloning and heterogeneous expression in Escherichia coli The recombinant enzymes were purified, characterized for substrate specificity, and screened for transglycosylation activity...
April 20, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678013/implementation-of-a-new-traceability-process-for-breast-milk-feeding
#6
Mariana Y Daus, Thelma G Maydana, Daniel A Rizzato Lede, Daniel R Luna
Many newborns at the neonatal intensive care unit are unable to feed themselves, and receive human milk through enteric nutrition devices such as orogastric or nasogastric probes. The mothers extract their milk, and the nursing staff is responsible for the fractionation, storage and administration when prescribed by physicians. It is very important to remind that it is a bodily fluid that carries the risk of disease transmission if misused. Health information technologies can enhance patient safety by avoiding preventable adverse events...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675573/triclosan-evoked-neurotoxicity-involves-nmdar-subunits-with-the-specific-role-of-glun2a-in-caspase-3-dependent-apoptosis
#7
Konrad A Szychowski, Agnieszka Wnuk, Joanna Rzemieniec, Małgorzata Kajta, Teresa Leszczyńska, Anna K Wójtowicz
Triclosan (TCS) is an antimicrobial agent that is used extensively in personal care and in sanitising products. A number of studies have shown the presence of TCS in different human tissues such as blood, adipose tissue, the liver, brain as well as in breast milk and urine. N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are glutamate-gated ion channels that are widely expressed in the central nervous system and which play key roles in excitatory synaptic transmission. There is, however, no data on the involvement of NMDAR subunits in the apoptotic and neurotoxic effects of TCS...
April 19, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673990/removal-of-antibiotics-from-water-and-waste-milk-by-ozonation-kinetics-byproducts-and-antimicrobial-activity
#8
Omar A Alsager, Mohammed N Alnajrani, Hatem A Abuelizz, Ibrahim A Aldaghmani
The use of antibiotics in the dairy farming for curing and growth promotion results in the production of massive quantities of non-recyclable wastewater by the conventional purification techniques. Additionally, waste milk is produced during the drug withholding periods, which is not suitable for human or animal consumption and cause huge economic loss as well as present serious environmental waste. This study was designed to investigate the decomposition of various antibiotic compounds in un-buffered aqueous solutions and milk samples by ozonation process...
April 16, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673770/the-in-vitro-efficacy-of-sunsmile-%C3%A2-fruit-vegetable-rinse-against-pathogenic-strains-of-prototheca-algae-that-cause-mastitis-in-cows
#9
B Grzesiak, H Krukowski, A Głowacka
The research concerns algae of the genus Prototheca. They are found in the natural environment and they can cause a disease in animals and humans called protothecosis. The aim of the study was to evaluate the in vitro activity of the fruit and vegetable rinse agent SunSmile® Fruit & Vegetable Rinse (Sunrider International) against P. zopfii isolates. The materials consisted of ten P. zopfii strains isolated from the milk of cows with mastitis. The following antifungal chemotherapeutic agents were also used in the study for comparison: nystatin, ketoconazole, amphothericin B, miconazole, clotrimazole, econazole, fluconazole, and flucytosine...
April 16, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669808/lactoferrin-is-a-natural-inhibitor-of-plasminogen-activation
#10
Alexander Zwirzitz, Michael Reiter, Rostislav Skrabana, Anna Ohradanova-Repic, Otto Majdic, Marianna Gutekova, Ondrej Cehlar, Eva Petrovčíková, Eva Kutejova, Gerold Stanek, Hannes Stockinger, Vladimir Leksa
The plasminogen system is essential for dissolution of fibrin clots, and in addition, it is involved in a wide variety of other physiological processes, including proteolytic activation of growth factors, cell migration, and removal of protein aggregates. On the other hand, uncontrolled plasminogen activation contributes to many pathological processes, e.g. tumor cells' invasion in cancer progression. Moreover, some virulent bacterial species, e.g. Streptococci or Borrelia, bind human plasminogen and hijack the host's plasminogen system to penetrate tissue barriers...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669560/a-cross-sectional-survey-assessing-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-regarding-brucellosis-among-arab-israelis
#11
Orna Baron-Epel, Shiran Bord, Michal Cohen-Dar, Samira Obeid
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a contagious zoonotic disease transferred from sick animals to humans and endemic in the Middle East and other countries. Humans mainly acquire the disease by consuming non-pasteurized dairy products from infected animals. This study assesses the rates of non-pasteurized dairy product consumption, knowledge and attitudes regarding brucellosis among Israeli Arabs, in towns with and without reported cases of brucellosis. The aim is to assess if there is an association between knowledge, attitudes and consumption of non-pasteurized dairy products and if encountering the disease in the community is associated with consumption, attitudes and knowledge...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669304/safety-assessment-and-functional-properties-of-four-enterococci-strains-isolated-from-regional-argentinean-cheese
#12
Gabriela P Martino, Martín Espariz, Gabriel Gallina Nizo, Luis Esteban, Víctor S Blancato, Christian Magni
The members of the Enterococcus genus are widely distributed in nature. Its strains have been extensively reported to be present in plant surfaces, soil, water and food. In an attempt to assess their potential application in food industry, four Enterococcus faecium group-strains recently isolated from Argentinean regional cheese products were evaluated using a combination of whole genome analyses and in vivo assays. In order to identify these microorganisms at species level, in silico analyses using their newly reported sequences were conducted...
April 11, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668569/osteopontin-levels-in-human-milk-vary-across-countries-and-within-lactation-period-data-from-a-multicenter-study
#13
Signe Bruun, Lotte Neergaard Jacobsen, Xiaolei Ze, Steffen Husby, Hiroshi M Ueno, Keisuke Nojiri, Shunjiro Kobayashi, Jungil Kwon, Xihong Liu, Shuyuan Yan, Jiyeon Yang, Gitte Zachariassen, Liang Chen, Wei Zhou, Brian Christensen, Esben S Sørensen
OBJECTIVES: Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional protein expressed in many cell types, tissues and body fluids with the highest concentrations found in milk; significantly higher in human than in bovine milk. Intervention studies have indicated beneficial effects of supplementing infant formula with bovine OPN. In this multicenter study, we determined the OPN content in human milk samples from 629 Chinese, Danish, Japanese and Korean mothers. METHODS: At each study site, milk samples were collected and analyzed for OPN and protein concentration using ELISA and infrared spectroscopy, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667575/a-cluster-of-two-human-cases-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-tbe-transmitted-by-unpasteurised-goat-milk-and-cheese-in-germany-may-2016
#14
S O Brockmann, R Oehme, T Buckenmaier, M Beer, A Jeffery-Smith, M Spannenkrebs, S Haag-Milz, C Wagner-Wiening, C Schlegel, J Fritz, S Zange, M Bestehorn, A Lindau, D Hoffmann, S Tiberi, U Mackenstedt, G Dobler
In May 2016, two cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) were confirmed by serology (positive IgM and IgG antibodies against TBE virus (TBEV) in serum), with a possible link to raw milk and cheese from a goat farm in a region in Baden-Württemberg, Germany not previously known as TBE-endemic. The outbreak investigation identified 32 consumers of goat dairy products (29 consumers, one farm employee, two owners) of whom none had IgM antibodies against TBEV 3-8 weeks after consumption. Of the 27 notified TBE cases in the State, none reported consumption of raw goat milk or cheese from the suspected farm...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666965/antimetastatic-effect-of-liposomal-recombinant-lactaptin
#15
V I Kaledin, O A Koval, E V Kuligina, E L Lushnikova, V P Nikolin, N A Popova, I A Pyshnaya, V A Richter
Antimetastatic effect of the liposomal form of recombinant lactaptin RL2 (a proteolytic fragment of human breast milk κ-casein; 8.6 kDa) was studied in A/Sn mice after intravenous transplantation of GA-1 tumor with high rate of liver metastases. Tumor growth in the liver was found in all mice. In animals dying early, the tumors were presented by multiple nodes of about the same size; in mice dying later, the tumors in the liver were presented by just few large nodes formed by cells that survived chemotherapy...
April 17, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661192/policosanol-composition-antioxidant-and-anti-arthritic-activities-of-milk-thistle-silybium-marianum-l-oil-at-different-seed-maturity-stages
#16
Saoussem Harrabi, Azza Ferchichi, Asma Bacheli, Hayet Fellah
BACKGROUND: Several anti-arthritic drugs and synthetic antioxidants have wide pharmaceutical uses and are often associated with various side effects on the human health. Dietary seed oils and their minor components like policosanol may offer an effective alternative treatment for arthritic and oxidative-stress related diseases. The biological effects of seed oils were affected by different parameters such as the stage of seed maturity. Hence, this study seeks to determine the policosanol content, antioxidant and anti-arthritic activities of milk thistle (Silybium marianum L...
April 16, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661149/development-of-the-tonsillar-microbiome-in-pigs-from-newborn-through-weaning
#17
Luis Carlos Pena Cortes, Rhiannon M LeVeque, Julie Funk, Terence L Marsh, Martha H Mulks
BACKGROUND: Porcine tonsils are lympho-epithelial tissues, colonized by numerous bacteria and viruses, that act as a reservoir for both host-specific pathogens and zoonotic pathogens with a high potential of transmission to humans. There are no existing studies describing the development of the tonsillar microbiome. We sequenced 16S rRNA genes from tonsillar samples of pigs to follow the development of the microbial communities from birth through weaning. Samples derived from sows were also analyzed to determine potential sources for the tonsil microbiome in piglets...
April 16, 2018: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660800/physicochemical-quality-fatty-acid-composition-and-sensory-analysis-of-nellore-steers-meat-fed-with-inclusion-of-condensed-tannin-in-the-diet
#18
Susana M Gesteira, Ronaldo L Oliveira, Thadeu M Silva, Rebeca D X Ribeiro, Cláudio V D M Ribeiro, Elzania S Pereira, Dante P D Lanna, Luis F B Pinto, Tiago C Rocha, Jusaline F Vieira, Leilson R Bezerra
This study was conducted to test the effect of dietary tannin on the fatty acid profile and sensory attributes of meat from Nellore steers. Thirty-two Nellore bull male were distributed in a completely randomized design and fed diets with condensed tannin extract as follows: 0, 10, 30, and 50 g/kg total DM basis. The physicochemical composition of the meat, lipid oxidation, fatty acid profile, flavor, tenderness, and overall acceptance were evaluated. There was a linear decrease (P ≤ 0.05) on lipid content, tenderness, cooking weight loss, myristic, palmitic, and oleic acids in meat as tannin increased in the diets...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660295/breastfeeding-twins-factors-related-to-weaning
#19
Fernanda Cristina Ferreira Mikami, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco, Agatha Rodrigues, Wagner Rodrigues Hernandez, Marcelo Zugaib, Maria de Lourdes Brizot
BACKGROUND: Many factors may influence a woman's decision to start and maintain breastfeeding. Research aim: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with breastfeeding cessation in twin infants during the first 6 months after birth and to describe the main reasons for weaning cited by mothers of twins. METHODS: This is a secondary data analysis of a prospective randomized trial conducted in Brazil. Data were obtained through longitudinal quantitative and qualitative self-reported interviews...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659347/social-justice-at-the-core-of-breastfeeding-protection-promotion-and-support-a-conceptualization
#20
Paige Hall Smith
Despite widespread awareness of the health benefits for both mothers and babies we are far from achieving universal breastfeeding. Breastfeeding rates globally are lower than recommended levels and there are concerns that some global breastfeeding efforts have stalled (1, 2). In addition, we see persistent disparities in breastfeeding rates by race, ethnicity, class and status (3). A growing literature documents how a range of injustices, including gender inequality (7), racism (8), poverty (9), and violence (10, 11) shape whether, how exclusive, and for how long mothers and others will be able to breastfeed or feed their infants human milk...
May 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
keyword
keyword
8183
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"