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neonatal diabetes and gestational diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731823/maternal-fetal-outcomes-in-34-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes-in-sensor-augmented-insulin-pump-therapy
#1
Ana María Gómez, Lisseth Fernanda Marín Carrillo, Carol M Arévalo Correa, Oscar Mauricio Muñoz Velandia, Martín Alonso Rondón Sepúlveda, Jaime Luis Silva Herrera, Diana Cristina Henao Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is associated with increased risk of maternal complications and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Optimizing glycemic control improves these outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of using sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy (SAPT) and SAPT + low-glucose suspension (LGS) on pregnant women with T1D, including neonatal and maternal outcomes. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in women with T1D who started SAPT and SAPT + LGS before or during pregnancy at the San Ignacio University Hospital Diabetes Center in Bogotá, Colombia...
July 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729012/evidence-that-children-born-at-early-term-37-38-6-7-weeks-are-at-increased-risk-for-diabetes-and-obesity-related-disorders
#2
Dorit Paz Levy, Eyal Sheiner, Tamar Wainstock, Ruslan Sergienko, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
BACKGROUND: Prematurity is known to be associated with high rates of endocrine and metabolic complications in the offspring. Early term (37 0/7-38 6/7 weeks' gestation) born offspring were also shown to exhibit long term morbidity resembling that of late preterm, in several health categories. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether early term delivery impacts on the long-term endocrine and metabolic health of the offspring. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cohort analysis was performed, including all term singleton deliveries occurring during 1991-2013 at a single regional tertiary medical center...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727729/induction-of-labor-versus-expectant-management-of-large-for-gestational-age-infants-in-nulliparous-women
#3
Karolina Moldéus, Yvonne W Cheng, Anna-Karin Wikström, Olof Stephansson
BACKGROUND: There is no apparent consensus on obstetric management, i.e., induction of labor or expectant management of women with suspected large-for-gestational-age (LGA)-fetuses. METHODS AND FINDINGS: To further examine the subject, a nationwide population-based cohort study from the Swedish Medical Birth Register in nulliparous non-diabetic women with singleton, vertex LGA (>90th centile) births, 1992-2013, was performed. Delivery of a live-born LGA infant induced at 38 completed weeks of gestation in non-preeclamptic pregnancies, was compared to those of expectant management, with delivery at 39, 40, 41, or 42 completed weeks of gestation and beyond, either by labor induction or via spontaneous labor...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712949/role-of-early-second-trimester-uterine-artery-doppler-screening-to-predict-small-for-gestational-age-babies-in-nulliparous-women
#4
Samuel Parry, Anthony Sciscione, David M Haas, William A Grobman, Jay D Iams, Brian M Mercer, Robert M Silver, Hyagriv N Simhan, Ronald J Wapner, Deborah A Wing, Michal A Elovitz, Frank P Schubert, Alan Peaceman, M Sean Esplin, Steve Caritis, Michael P Nageotte, Benjamin A Carper, George R Saade, Uma M Reddy, Corette B Parker
BACKGROUND: Trophoblastic invasion of the uterine spiral arteries substantially increases compliance to accommodate increased blood flow to the placenta. Failure of this process impedes uterine artery blood flow, and this may be detected by uterine artery Doppler flow studies. However, the clinical utility of uterine artery Doppler flow studies in the prediction of adverse pregnancy outcomes in a general population remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of early second trimester uterine artery Doppler studies as a predictor of small for gestational age (SGA) neonates...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711069/preterm-birth-and-its-impact-on-renal-health
#5
Valerie A Luyckx
Preterm birth occurs in approximately 10% of all births worldwide. Preterm infants have reduced nephron numbers at birth in proportion to gestational age, and are at increased risk of neonatal acute kidney injury as well as higher blood pressure, proteinuria, and chronic kidney disease later in life. Rapid catch-up growth in preterm infants, especially if resulting in obesity, is a risk factor for end-stage kidney disease among children with proteinuric renal disease. Preterm birth, however, is a risk factor not only for the infant because mothers who deliver preterm have an increased risk of having subsequent preterm deliveries as well as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and renal disease later in life...
July 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709520/strategies-to-reduce-disparities-in-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-the-role-of-obesity-and-metabolic-disease
#6
Christina Paidas Teefey, Celeste P Durnwald
Maternal obesity, excessive gestational weight gain, and preexisting diabetes are known risk factors for increased maternal and neonatal morbidity. These conditions are more prevalent in certain racial and ethnic minorities. Identification and acknowledgement of racial and ethnic inequalities related to maternal metabolic disease is crucial for clinicians to provide the most comprehensive care in pregnancy. Research and clinical efforts should focus on implementation of healthy lifestyle interventions preconceptually and risk reduction efforts in disease complications during pregnancy...
July 11, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699987/relation-between-fetal-anthropometric-parameters-and-cord-blood-adiponectin-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Mohammad Reza Aramesh, Masoud Dehdashtian, Arash Malekian, Shiva ShahAli, Kobra Shojaei
Objectives: The objectives were to evaluate the relation between fetal anthropometric parameters and cord blood concentration of adiponectin and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Subjects and methods: A total of 104 pregnant women (52 with gestational diabetes mellitus [GDM], 52 with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) participated. Venous cord blood samples were obtained at delivery, centrifuged and the plasma was stored at -20°C. The samples were assessed for adiponectin and hs-CRP using the ELISA method...
May 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697826/-risk-factors-for-congenital-heart-disease-in-chinese-neonates-a-meta-analysis
#8
Yi Liu, Bei Zhu, Lin Zhuo, Ming-Yu He, Yang Xu, Tong-Tong Wang, Qing-Qing Cai, Bin Hu, Ji-Cheng Xu, Wen-Hui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the major risk factors for congenital heart disease (CHD) in Chinese neonates and to provide a reference for the prevention of CHD. METHODS: A literature search was performed to collect the case-control studies on the risk factors for CHD in Chinese neonates published in 2001-2016. The relevant data were extracted accordingly. The quality of included studies was assessed by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Sensitivity analysis was conducted using different models to analyze the same data...
July 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690281/women-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-are-at-low-risk-of-poor-pregnancy-outcome-in-japan
#9
Seishi Furukawa, Kazuko Miyakawa, Joichi Shibata, Mitsutoshi Iwashita
Maternal subclinical hypothyroidism may be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, although not consistently across regions. Here, we sought to determine the effect of elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) on pregnancy outcomes in Japanese women without known medical complications. TSH was determined by dried blood spots at 8-20 weeks of gestation, and 3.0-10.0 μU/mL of TSH was considered as elevated TSH (eTSH). A retrospective study involving 167 cases of eTSH was conducted. Five hundred and seventy eight of controls with normal TSH and without thyroid antibodies were selected...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672769/reference-intervals-and-longitudinal-changes-in-copeptin-and-mr-proadm-concentrations-during-pregnancy
#10
Annemiek M C P Joosen, Ivon J M van der Linden, Lianne Schrauwen, Alisia Theeuwes, Monique J M de Groot, Antonius A M Ermens
BACKGROUND: Vasopressin and adrenomedullin and their stable by-products copeptin and midregional part of proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) are promising biomarkers for the development of preeclampsia. However, clinical use is hampered by the lack of trimester-specific reference intervals. We therefore estimated reference intervals for copeptin and MR-proADM in disease-free Dutch women throughout pregnancy. METHODS: Apparently healthy low risk pregnant women were recruited...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672292/association-between-pregnancy-and-perinatal-outcomes-among-women-with-epilepsy
#11
Neda Razaz, Torbjörn Tomson, Anna-Karin Wikström, Sven Cnattingius
Importance: To date, few attempts have been made to examine associations between exposure to maternal epilepsy with or without antiepileptic drug (AED) therapy and pregnancy and perinatal outcomes. Objectives: To investigate associations between epilepsy in pregnancy and risks of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes as well as whether use of AEDs influenced risks. Design, Setting, and Participants: A population-based cohort study was conducted on all singleton births at 22 or more completed gestational weeks in Sweden from 1997 through 2011; of these, 1 424 279 were included in the sample...
July 3, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667719/screening-for-hypoglycemia-in-exclusively-breastfed-high-risk-neonates
#12
Princy Singh, Amit Upadhyay, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Vijay Jaiswal, Pranjali Saxena
OBJECTIVE: To determine incidence of hypoglycemia in exclusively breastfed, high-risk but healthy newborns, and risk factors for its development. METHODS: This observational study enrolled 407 exclusively breastfed high-risk (low birth weight newborns (1800-2499 g), late preterms, small-for-gestation, large-for-gestation and infant of diabetic mother), who did not require admission to neonatal intensive care unit and were kept in postnatal wards with mother. Hypoglycemia was defined as blood glucose £46 mg/dL (2...
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667716/components-of-metabolic-syndrome-at-22-years-of-age-findings-from-pune-low-birth-weight-study
#13
Sudha Chaudhari, Madhumati Otiv, Mahendra Hoge, Anand Pandit, Mohammed Sayyed
BACKGROUND: To study the early markers of Metabolic syndrome in a cohort of low birth weight (LBW) children followed up since birth, at the age of 22 years. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary-care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Neonates weighing less than 2000 g discharged from a neonatal special care unit were followed up prospectively; 153 cases and 77 controls were assessed at 22 years of age. METHODS: Fasting, 30 minute and 120 minute glucose and insulin after a bolus of 75g of glucose was determined...
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666334/targeting-adrenomedullin-to-improve-lipid-homeostasis-in-diabetic-pregnancies
#14
Yuanlin Dong, Ancizar Betancourt, Michael Belfort, Chandra Yallampalli
Context: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with disturbances in maternal lipid metabolism. Hypertriacylglycerolemia in GDM is associated with an increased risk of large for gestational age neonates, but the pathogenesis of disrupted lipid homeostasis remains unclear. Objectives: To determine the role of adrenomedullin (AM), a multifunctional peptide, in lipid metabolism in GDM. Design: Omental adipose biopsies were collected in term pregnancy from women with normal glucose tolerence (NGT, n=10) and GDM (n=10)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650965/epigenetic-adaptation-of-the-placental-serotonin-transporter-gene-slc6a4-to-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Sofia Blazevic, Marina Horvaticek, Maja Kesic, Peter Zill, Dubravka Hranilovic, Marina Ivanisevic, Gernot Desoye, Jasminka Stefulj
We tested the hypothesis that gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) alters the DNA methylation pattern of the fetal serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4), and examined the functional relevance of DNA methylation for regulation of the SLC6A4 expression in the human placenta. The study included 50 mother-infant pairs. Eighteen mothers were diagnosed with GDM and 32 had normal glucose tolerance (NGT). All neonates were of normal birth weight and born at term by planned Cesarean section. DNA and RNA were isolated from samples of tissue collected from the fetal side of the placenta immediately after delivery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647726/treatments-for-gestational-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Diane Farrar, Mark Simmonds, Maria Bryant, Trevor A Sheldon, Derek Tuffnell, Su Golder, Debbie A Lawlor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of different treatments for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Systematic review, meta-analysis and network meta-analysis. METHODS: Data sources were searched up to July 2016 and included MEDLINE and Embase. Randomised trials comparing treatments for GDM (packages of care (dietary and lifestyle interventions with pharmacological treatments as required), insulin, metformin, glibenclamide (glyburide)) were selected by two authors and double checked for accuracy...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639706/exercise-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Gilles Ceysens, Michel Boulvain
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term complications for the mother and her baby. Exercise interventions may be useful in helping with glycaemic control and improve maternal and infant outcomes.The original review on Exercise for diabetic pregnant women has been split into two new review titles reflecting the role of exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes (this review) Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions for improving maternal and fetal outcomes in women with GDM...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633556/oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-newborns-born-to-mothers-with-hyperglycemia-%C3%A2-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
K Dulasi Durga, B Adhisivam, G Vidya, B Vishnu Bhat, Bobby Zachariahc, Chand Parkashd
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemic mothers have increased oxidative stress during pregnancy which can adversely affect the outcome in their neonates Objectives: To measure the oxidative stress and DNA damage in newborns born to mothers with hyperglycemia and correlate their immediate outcome with the amount of oxidative stress and DNA damage. METHODS: This prospective cohort study conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital, south India included 3 groups - newborns born to pregestational diabetic mothers (PGDM), gestational diabetic mothers (GDM) and euglycemic mothers with 24 newborns in each...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628847/the-importance-of-declining-insulin-requirements-during-pregnancy-in-patients-with-pre-gestational-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Maya Ram, Larissa Feinmesser, Shiri Shinar, Sharon Maslovitz
OBJECTIVE: In patients with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), insulin requirements often increase during the third trimester of pregnancy in order to maintain proper glycemic control. However, a fraction of patients demonstrate a significant decrease in insulin requirements in late gestation. We aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of decreasing insulin requirements in patients with pre-gestational diabetes and GDM with respect to fetal wellbeing and pregnancy outcome...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605006/treating-periodontal-disease-for-preventing-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-pregnant-women
#20
REVIEW
Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor, Philippa Middleton, Marco Esposito, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease has been linked with a number of conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes and adverse pregnancy outcomes, all likely through systemic inflammatory pathways. It is common in women of reproductive age and gum conditions tend to worsen during pregnancy. Some evidence from observational studies suggests that periodontal intervention may reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes. There is need for a comprehensive Cochrane review of randomised trials to assess the effect of periodontal treatment on perinatal and maternal health...
June 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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