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neonatal diabetes and gestational diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898693/peripartum-fetal-distress-in-diabetic-women-a-retrospective-case-cohort-study
#1
B Castelijn, Kwp Hollander, J F Hensbergen, R G IJzerman, A W Valkenburg-van den Berg, Jwr Twisk, Cjm De Groot, Mgaj Wouters
BACKGROUND: Major concerns of pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus are an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome. The objective of this study was to analyse the rate of fetal distress during labor in women with type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes compared to control women. METHODS: A retrospective case-cohort study was conducted at the VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam; a tertiary care hospital. 117 women with type 1 diabetes, 59 women with type 2 diabetes, 303 women with gestational diabetes and 15,260 control women were included, who delivered between March 2004 and February 2014...
June 14, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896442/sonographic-estimated-fetal-weight-among-diabetics-at-%C3%A2-34-weeks-and-composite-neonatal-morbidity
#2
Leen Al-Hafez, Michael L Pirics, Suneet P Chauhan
Objectives  The objective was to assess the composite neonatal morbidity (CNM) among diabetic women with sonographic estimated fetal weight (SEFW) at 10 to 90th versus >90th percentile for gestational age (GA). Study Design  The inclusion criteria for this retrospective study were singleton pregnancies at 34 to 41 weeks, complicated by diabetes, and that had SEFW within 4 weeks of delivery. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results  Among the 140 cohorts that met the inclusion criteria, 72% had SEFW at 10th to 90th percentile for GA, and 28% at >90th percentile...
April 2018: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895718/impact-of-prematurity-for-pancreatic-islet-and-beta-cell-development
#3
Frank H Bloomfield
As increasing numbers of babies born preterm survive into adulthood, it is becoming clear that, in addition to the well-described risks of neurodevelopmental sequelae, there also are increased risks for non-communicable diseases, including diabetes. Epidemiological studies indicate that risks are increased even for birth at late preterm and early term gestations and for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Thus, factors related to preterm birth likely affect development of the fetal and neonatal beta-cell in addition to effects on peripheral insulin sensitivity...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890554/the-effect-of-metformin-therapy-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#4
Jing Zhao, Xiaoyan Liu, Wenhua Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study was to analyze the efficacy of metformin intervention in preventing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials or observational studies of metformin intervention in preventing symptoms of GDM during pregnancy were performed. Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched through to now. The main evaluated primary outcomes were incident of GDM, miscarriage, preterm delivery, and neonatal mortality...
June 11, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890222/insulin-therapy-and-its-consequences-for-the-mother-foetus-and-newborn-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
REVIEW
Mario Subiabre, Luis Silva, Fernando Toledo, Mario Paublo, Marcia A López, Mauricio Boric, Luis Sobrevia
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a disease characterised by glucose intolerance and first diagnosed in pregnancy. This condition relates to an anomalous placental environment and aberrant placental vascular function. GDM-associated hyperglycaemia changes the placenta structure leading to abnormal development and functionality of this vital organ. Aiming to avoid the GDM-hyperglycaemia and its deleterious consequences in the mother, the foetus and newborn, women with GDM are firstly treated with a controlled diet therapy; however, some of the women fail to reach the recommended glycaemia values and therefore they are passed to the second line of treatment, i...
June 8, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884601/the-rise-and-need-for-mobile-apps-for-maternal-and-child-health-care-in-china-survey-based-on-app-markets
#6
Puhong Zhang, Le Dong, Huan Chen, Yanling Chai, Jianbo Liu
BACKGROUND: Mobile health services are thriving in the field of maternal and child health in China due to expansions in the field of electronic health and the introduction of the two-child policy. There are numerous maternal and child health apps in computer stores, but the exact number of apps, number of downloads, and features of these apps is not known. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the use of maternal and child health apps in Android and iOS app stores and to describe the key functional features of the most popular apps, with the purpose of providing insight into further research and development of maternal and child health mobile health products...
June 8, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882903/the-emerging-role-of-biomarkers-in-the-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
REVIEW
Natassia Rodrigo, Sarah J Glastras
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication of pregnancy; its rising incidence is a result of increased maternal obesity and older maternal age together with altered diagnostic criteria identifying a greater proportion of pregnant women with GDM. Its consequences are far-reaching, associated with poorer maternal and neonatal outcomes compared to non-GDM pregnancies, and GDM has implications for metabolic health in both mother and offspring. Objective markers to identify women at high risk for the development of GDM are useful to target therapy and potentially prevent its development...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880163/effect-of-twin-pregnancy-chorionic-properties-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#8
Bibo Feng, Jianjun Zhai, Yu Cai
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of twin pregnancy chorionic properties on pregnancy complications and fetal outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 559 subjects with gemellary pregnancy were included in the retrospective analysis, and clinical data, such as monitoring data during pregnancy and maternal and fetal outcomes, were recorded in detail. Based on the ultrasound results and methods of the postpartum pathologic examination of the placental membranes, the subjects were divided into the twin group with monochorionic diamnion (MCDA group, n = 198) and twin group with dichorionic diamnion (DCDA group, n = 361)...
June 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875849/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-treated-with-diet-metformin-or-insulin
#9
Slagjana Simeonova-Krstevska, Milco Bogoev, Ksenija Bogoeva, Elizabeta Zisovska, Igor Samardziski, Valentina Velkoska-Nakova, Vesna Livrinova, Irena Todorovska, Aneta Sima, Vesna Blazevska-Siljanoska
AIM: Aim of the study was to compare outcomes of pregnancy in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) treated with metformin, insulin, or diet. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 48 women with GDM treated with metformin, 101 with insulin, and 200 women on a diet from the Outpatient Department of Endocrinology and University Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Skopje. RESULTS: The groups were comparable in age, smoking cigarettes and positive family history of diabetes...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875736/deconvoluting-the-biological-roles-of-vitamin-d-binding-protein-during-pregnancy-a-both-clinical-and-theoretical-challenge
#10
REVIEW
Spyridon N Karras, Theocharis Koufakis, Hana Fakhoury, Kalliopi Kotsa
The teleological purpose of an ongoing pregnancy is to fulfill its fundamental role of a successful, uncomplicated delivery, in conjunction with an optimal intrauterine environment for the developing fetus. Vitamin D metabolism is adapted to meet both these demands during pregnancy; first by stimulation of calcium absorption for adequate intrauterine bone mineral accrual of the fetus, and second, by enhancing systemic and local maternal tolerance to paternal and fetal alloantigens. Vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) is one of the key biomolecules that optimize vitamin D homeostasis and also contributes as an immune regulator for a healthy, ongoing pregnancy...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861762/self-care-education-needs-in-gestational-diabetes-tailored-to-the-iranian-culture-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#11
Mitra Kolivand, Afsaneh Keramat, MehrAli Rahimi, Zahra Motaghi, Mohammad Shariati, MohammadHassan Emamian
Background: Gestational diabetes is one of the most common health problems in pregnancy that requires participation through self-care to reduce the maternal and neonatal complications. The present study aimed to determine the needs of women as an essential first step to formulate a self-care guide fitting the Iranian culture. Materials and Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted through interviews with 13 diabetic pregnant women and 10 care providers using semi-structured questionnaires in several cities of Iran in 2016...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857987/effect-of-the-antioxidant-idebenone-on-maternal-diabetes-induced-embryo-alterations-during-early-organogenesis
#12
Romina Higa, Sabrina Roberti, María Belén Mazzucco, Verónica White, Alicia Jawerbaum
RESEARCH QUESTION: Can maternal treatments with idebenone, a structural analogue of coenzyme Q10, prevent alterations on markers of proinflammatory-prooxidant processes, on the expression of genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and function, and on the apoptotic rate in embryos from mild diabetic rats? DESIGN: A mild diabetic rat model was induced by neonatal-streptozotocin administration (90 mg/kg subcutaneously). Female diabetic rats and controls were mated with healthy males...
May 21, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850608/maternal-nutrition-during-early-pregnancy-and-cardiometabolic-status-of-neonates-at-birth
#13
Musarrat Riaz, Fareeha Shaikh, Asher Fawwad, Rubina Hakeem, A Samad Shera, Graham A Hitman, Bishwajit Bhowmik, Nayla Christina do Vale Moreira, Abdul Basit, Akhtar Hussain
Objective: To explore the impact of maternal body weight on maternal nutrition and micronutrient status in early pregnancy and potential impact on metabolic status in newborns. Methodology: The EU FP7 project GIFTS was conducted from Jan 2012 to May 2014. Demographic details and anthropometric measurements of women in the first trimester of pregnancy were obtained. Blood samples were collected for OGTT, insulin, lipid profile, serum folate, ferritin, vitamin D, vitamin B12, and red cell folate...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846198/innovations-and-challenges-of-implementing-a-glucose-gel-toolkit-for-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#14
Denise Hammer, Carla Pohl, Peggy J Jacobs, Susan Kaufman, Brenda Drury
BACKGROUND: Transient neonatal hypoglycemia occurs most commonly in newborns who are small for gestational age, large for gestational age, infants of diabetic mothers, and late preterm infants. An exact blood glucose value has not been determined for neonatal hypoglycemia, and it is important to note that poor neurologic outcomes can occur if hypoglycemia is left untreated. Interventions that separate mothers and newborns, as well as use of formula to treat hypoglycemia, have the potential to disrupt exclusive breastfeeding...
May 24, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845515/primum-non-nocere-earlier-cessation-of-glucose-monitoring-is-possible
#15
Celine Blank, Jeroen van Dillen, Marije Hogeveen
Newborns are at relatively high risk for developing hypoglycaemia in the first 24 h after birth. Well-known risk factors are prematurity, small for gestational age (SGA) or large for gestational age (LGA), and maternal pre-existent or gestational diabetes mellitus. Prolonged hypoglycaemia is associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes; hence, prevention through proper monitoring and treatment is important. Given the ongoing debate concerning frequency and duration of screening for neonatal hypoglycaemia, therefore, we investigated the frequency and duration of glucose monitoring safe to discover neonatal hypoglycaemia in different risk groups...
May 30, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804503/effect-of-second-trimester-and-third-trimester-weight-gain-on-immediate-outcomes-in-neonates-born-to-mothers-with-gestational-diabetes-a-retrospective-observational-study-from-india
#16
Harish Kashyap, Deepak Sharma, Anisha Gala, Oleti Tejo Pratap, Srinivas Murki
AIM: To evaluate the effect of second trimester and third trimester rate of weight gain on immediate outcomes in neonates born to mothers with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). METHOD AND MATERIAL: This retrospective observational study enrolled 593 eligible mothers. The records of all pregnant women booked before 24 weeks and screened for diabetes were eligible if they were diagnosed with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) anytime during pregnancy. All the necessary maternal and neonatal details were collected from hospital database...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804417/-study-on-weight-gain-in-different-stages-of-pregnancy-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#17
X L Chen, Y Y Peng, X Q Xu
Objective: By investigating the relationship of pregestational body mass index(BMI), trimester-specific gestational weight gain (rate) during the first, second, third and total trimesters of pregnancy with adverse pregnant outcomes, to evaluate the effects of different pregestational BMI, trimester-specific gestational weight gain on pregnant outcomes, and to provide evidences for gestational weight control. Methods: From April 2015 to January 2016, 964 pregnant women in Zhejiang Taizhou First People's Hospital and Taizhou Huangyan Maternal & Child Care Service Center were enrolled in random for prospective study and were divided into groups according to the Institute of Medicine 2009 guidelines[IOM2009]...
May 22, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797595/no-further-improvement-in-pregnancy-related-outcomes-in-the-offspring-of-mothers-with-pre-gestational-diabetes-in-bavaria-germany-between-2001-and-2016
#18
Andreas Beyerlein, Nicholas Lack, Rüdiger von Kries
AIMS: To investigate whether there has been further improvement in the risk of adverse outcomes in pregnancies in women with diabetes during 2008-2016 in Bavaria, Germany. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data on all 1716 170 deliveries in Bavarian hospitals between 2001 and 2016, we assessed the risks of stillbirth, early neonatal death, preterm delivery, large for gestational age, malformations, low Apgar score and low umbilical cord pH by maternal group with diabetes (gestational, pre-gestational, or none) separately for 2001-2007 and 2008-2016...
May 24, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797075/prospective-cohort-study-of-pregnancy-complications-and-birth-outcomes-in-women-with-asthma
#19
Nasrin Fazel, Michael Kundi, Erika Jensen-Jarolim, Isabella Pali-Schöll, Asghar Kazemzadeh, Mojtaba Fattahi Abdizadeh, Habibollah Esmaily, Roya Akbarzadeh, Raheleh Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common potentially serious medical complication in pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between maternal asthma and a spectrum of adverse neonatal and maternal outcomes. METHODS: Events during pregnancy and birth outcome were evaluated in 34 asthmatic as well as 1569 non-asthmatic pregnant women who were enrolled in a prospective cohort study undertaken at the antenatal clinics of Mobini Hospital in Iran...
May 24, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794752/effects-of-abnormal-75-g-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-at-different-time-points-on-neonatal-complications-and-neurobehavioral-development-in-the-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-strobe-compliant-article
#20
Jian-Li Zhou, Jun Xing, Cong-Hui Liu, Jie Wen, Nan-Nan Zhao, Yuan-Yuan Kang, Ting Shao
With the improvement of living standard, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) incidence is increasing every year. We observed the effects of abnormal 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at different time points on neonatal complications and neurobehavioral development in GDM.A total of 144 newborns whose mothers were diagnosed with GDM and received prenatal examination and childbirth in our hospital from October 2015 to April 2016, were observed in this study. Pregnant women underwent 75 g OGTT and the blood glucose level was recorded on an empty stomach, as well as postprandial 1 and 2 hours, respectively...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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