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neonatal diabetes and gestational diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055674/combination-of-a-structured-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-improves-glycaemic-control-in-pregnant-women-diagnosed-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Iva Sklempe Kokic, Marina Ivanisevic, Gianni Biolo, Bostjan Simunic, Tomislav Kokic, Rado Pisot
PROBLEM: Gestational diabetes mellitus, defined as any carbohydrate intolerance first diagnosed during pregnancy, is associated with a variety of adverse outcomes, both for the mother and her child. AIM: To investigate the impact of a structured exercise programme which consisted of aerobic and resistance exercises on the parameters of glycaemic control and other health-related outcomes in pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Thirty-eight pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus were randomised to two groups...
October 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052558/cesarean-section-rate-in-singleton-primiparae-and-related-factors-in-beijing-china
#2
Geng Song, Yu-Mei Wei, Wei-Wei Zhu, Hui-Xia Yang
BACKGROUND: The cesarean section rate (CSR) has been a main concern worldwide. The present study aimed to investigate the CSR in Beijing, China, and to analyze the related factors of CS delivery. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in 15 medical centers in Beijing using a systemic cluster sampling method. In total, 15,194 pregnancies were enrolled in the study between June 20, 2013 and November 30, 2013. Independent t-tests and Pearson's Chi-square test were used to examine differences between two groups, and related factors of the CSR were examined by multivariable logistic regression...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051779/childhood-maltreatment-and-inflammation-among-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-pilot-study
#3
Margaret Bublitz, Suzanne De La Monte, Susan Martin, Lucia Larson, Ghada Bourjeily
BACKGROUND: Women with childhood maltreatment histories are at increased risk for adverse birth outcomes. Mechanisms explaining this link are poorly understood. Past research is limited by sampling pregnant women at low risk for adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: This pilot study was a secondary data analysis of 24 women with gestational diabetes mellitus; 17% of the sample also reported a maltreatment history. Women provided a blood sample to measure inflammatory cytokines and insulin resistance, and saliva samples to measure diurnal cortisol...
September 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049303/a-mediterranean-diet-with-additional-extra-virgin-olive-oil-and-pistachios-reduces-the-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-st-carlos-gdm-prevention-study
#4
Carla Assaf-Balut, Nuria García de la Torre, Alejandra Durán, Manuel Fuentes, Elena Bordiú, Laura Del Valle, Cristina Familiar, Ana Ortolá, Inés Jiménez, Miguel A Herraiz, Nuria Izquierdo, Noelia Perez, María J Torrejon, María I Ortega, Francisco J Illana, Isabelle Runkle, Maria P de Miguel, Carmen Montañez, Ana Barabash, Martín Cuesta, Miguel A Rubio, Alfonso L Calle-Pascual
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing and becoming a major public health concern. Whether a Mediterranean diet can help prevent GDM in unselected pregnant women has yet to be studied. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the incidence of GDM with two different dietary models. All consecutive normoglycemic (<92 mg/dL) pregnant women at 8-12 gestational weeks (GW) were assigned to Intervention Group (IG, n = 500): MedDiet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and pistachios; or Control Group (CG, n = 500): standard diet with limited fat intake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048742/permanent-neonatal-diabetes-caused-by-abnormalities%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-chromosome%C3%A2-6q24
#5
B Y Cao, C X Gong, D Wu, X Q Li
BACKGROUND: Methylation defects at chromosome 6q24 usually induce transient neonatal diabetes mellitus. There are few reports of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus caused by abnormalities of 6q24. We report the first case of permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus to be associated with confirmed methylation defects at chromosome 6q24. CASE REPORT: A baby girl, small for her gestational age, was found to have high blood glucose 1 day after birth, with no systematic congenital anomalies...
October 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045765/oral-anti-diabetic-agents-for-women-with-established-diabetes-impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-previous-gestational-diabetes-planning-pregnancy-or-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Suzette Coat, William Hague, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: While most guidance recommends the use of insulin in women whose pregnancies are affected by pre-existing diabetes, oral anti-diabetic agents may be more acceptable to women. The effects of these oral anti-diabetic agents on maternal and infant health outcomes need to be established in pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, as well as in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus preconceptionally or during a subsequent pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of oral anti-diabetic agents in women with established diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance or previous gestational diabetes who are planning a pregnancy, or pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes, on maternal and infant health...
October 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044502/factors-associated-with-patients-with-gestational-diabetes-in-japan-being-at-increased-risk-of-requiring-intensive-care
#7
Hiroshi Yamashita, Ichiro Yasuhi, Yukari Kugishima, So Sugimi, Yasushi Umezaki, Sachie Suga, Masashi Fukuda, Nobuko Kusuda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with high-risk gestational diabetes (GDM) among patients with GDM. METHODS: The present retrospective study included women with singleton pregnancies diagnosed with GDM using International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group criteria at a single tertiary perinatal care center in Japan between July 1, 2010, and October 31, 2014. High-risk GDM was defined as patients who required at least 20 units of insulin therapy a day, delivering a large-for-gestational age neonate regardless of insulin therapy, or both...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033614/fusion-of-lower-limbs-with-severe-urogenital-malformation-in-a-newborn-a-rare-congenital-clinical-syndrome-case-report
#8
Fatemah Al Hadhoud, Abeer H Kamal, Abdulmohsen Al Anjari, Michael Fe Diejomaoh
BACKGROUND: Fused lower limbs combined with severe urogenital malformation, also known as sirenomelia, is a rare congenital clinical syndrome. The etiology is unknown, and the outcome for the affected fetus is rather uncertain. CASE REPORT: Mrs RB, a Kuwaiti woman primigravida, married to a non-consanguineous husband, had uneventful antenatal care in a private health service, until she was admitted to the Maternity Hospital, Kuwait, at 31 weeks of gestation with a 3-hour history of ruptured membranes...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028104/the-influence-of-ovulation-induction-and-assisted-conception-on-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-twin-pregnancies
#9
G Bordi, A D'Ambrosio, I Gallotta, L Di Benedetto, A Frega, F Torcia, M Schimberni, M Bonito, D Caserta
OBJECTIVE: To compare obstetrical and neonatal outcomes of twin pregnancies conceived via assisted reproductive technology (ART) with those of naturally conceived ones and to investigate the influence of the ART procedure type on these parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This observational study included 450 ART and 647 spontaneous twin pregnancies delivered over 15 years at a single university-based hospital of Rome, Italy. Logistic and linear regression models adjusted for confounding factors were used to evaluate the effect of ART and the type of assisted conception (IVF/ICSI, ovulation induction ± intrauterine insemination, egg/embryo donation) on maternal and perinatal outcomes...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027303/increased-maternal-insulin-resistance-promotes-placental-growth-and-decreases-placental-efficiency-in-pregnancies-with-obesity-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Kei Tanaka, Kenji Yamada, Miho Matsushima, Tomoko Izawa, Seishi Furukawa, Yoichi Kobayashi, Mitsutoshi Iwashita
AIM: Homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was measured during pregnancy to analyze placental weight and efficiency in relation to maternal insulin resistance. METHODS: A retrospective study of 510 pregnant women (130 with gestational diabetes mellitus [GDM], 380 with normal glucose tolerance) was conducted. We reviewed the patients' demographic data (age, parity, pre-pregnancy body mass index [BMI]) and perinatal outcomes (birth weight, placental weight, BMI at delivery, maternal weight gain, HOMA-IR)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025524/-neonatal-morbidity-and-gestational-diabetes-coincidence-or-consequence-of-the-2011-protocol
#11
Gabriela Mimoso, Guiomar Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes is one of the diseases associated with pregnancy with higher rate of complications. Despite being a transitory condition, short and long term complications related to gestational diabetes have been described. There is scientific evidence to say that good metabolic control decreases perinatal complications. In 2011, new criteria was proposed for its diagnosis, which made possible its diagnosis during the 1st trimester of pregnancy. The aim of this study is to compare neonatal morbidity in two groups of women with gestational diabetes diagnosis before and after the latest Portuguese guidelines for diabetes and pregnancy were published (February 2011)...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024981/diabetes-in-pregnancy-worse-medical-outcomes-in-type-1-diabetes-but-worse-psychological-outcomes-in-gestational-diabetes
#12
A M Egan, F P Dunne, K Lydon, S Conneely, K Sarma, B E McGuire
Background: Women with diabetes experience an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Aim: We aim to describe and quantify the psychological impact of the diagnosis of diabetes in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) compared to each other and to their counterparts without diabetes. Design: This is a survey-based study with prospective collection of pregnancy outcome data. Methods: A total of 218 pregnant women (50% with diabetes) were administered questionnaires relating to psychological health...
August 2, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020813/early-neonatal-hypoglycemia-incidence-of-and-risk-factors-a-cohort-study-using-universal-point-of-care-screening
#13
Ruben Bromiker, Assaf Perry, Yair Kasirer, Sharon Einav, Gil Klinger, Floris Levy-Khademi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the true incidence of early neonatal hypoglycemia and to confirm potential risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted at tertiary Medical Center in Israel, between June and September 2014. First blood glucose concentrations of all infants admitted to the nursery were measured using a "point of care" analyzer (Accu-Chek). We recorded risk factors for hypoglycemia such as birth weight, gestational age, maternal diabetes and demographics and analyzed their Association with two hypoglycemia cutoffs: 40 and 47 mg/dl...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016512/trial-of-labor-compared-with-cesarean-delivery-in-superobese-women
#14
Jennifer L Grasch, Jennifer L Thompson, J Michael Newton, Amy W Zhai, Sarah S Osmundson
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether labor compared with planned cesarean delivery is associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all women with body mass indexes (BMIs) at delivery of 50 or greater delivering a live fetus at 34 weeks of gestation of greater between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2015. Pregnancies with multiple gestations and major fetal anomalies were excluded. The primary outcome was a composite of maternal and neonatal morbidity and was estimated to be 50% in superobese women based on institutional data...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016488/pregnancy-outcomes-among-deaf-women-in-washington-state-1987-2012
#15
Melissa A Schiff, David R Doody, Deborah A Crane, Beth A Mueller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pregnancy and neonatal outcomes among deaf women using population-based vital records data in Washington State from 1987 to 2012. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using the Washington State birth and fetal death records linked to state hospital discharge records to identify women with diagnosis codes for deafness indicated at their delivery hospitalization and compared them with randomly selected women without these codes...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991764/hypoglycaemia-in-the-newborn
#16
Orhideja Stomnaroska, Elizabeta Petkovska, Sanja Ivanovska, Snezana Jancevska, Dragan Danilovski
AIM: Severe neonatal hypoglycaemia (HG) leads to neurologic damage, mental retardation, epilepsy, impaired cardiac performance and muscle weakness. The aim was to assess the frequency and severity of HG in a population of newborns. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 739 patients with neonatal hypoglycaemia (HG) (M:F=370:369) born at the University Clinic for Gynaecology and Obstetritics in Skopje in the period 2014-2016 and treated at the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980304/neonatal-delivery-weight-and-risk-of-future-maternal-diabetes
#17
Andrea E Stuart, Isis Amer-Wåhlin, Karin B M Källen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between neonatal delivery weight and future risk of maternal type 1 or type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Data included in the Swedish Medical Birth Registry and Swedish National Diabetes Registry were merged to include all women born during 1930-1989; patients with pre-existing diabetes or gestational diabetes were excluded. Cox regression analyses were performed to identify associations between the neonatal delivery weight from the most recent pregnancy and later occurrence of diabetes...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977845/quantitative-assessment-of-the-effect-of-pre-gestational-diabetes-and-risk-of-adverse-maternal-perinatal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#18
Lei Yu, Xiao-Ling Zeng, Ming-Liang Cheng, Guo-Zhen Yang, Bi Wang, Zi-Wen Xiao, Xin Luo, Bao-Fang Zhang, De-Wei Xiao, Shuai Zhang, Hua-Juan Liu, Ya-Xin Hu, Hou-Kang Lei, Qin-Fen Li, Zheng-Rong Wang
Pregnancies complicated by pre-gestational diabetes (PGD) are associated with a higher rate of adverse outcomes, including an increased rage of preterm delivery, pregnancy-induced hypertension, pre-eclampsia, caesarean section, perinatal mortality, stillbirth, shoulder dystocia, macrosomia, small for gestational age, large for gestational age, low birth weight, neonatal hypoglycemia, neonatal death, low Apgar score, NICU admission, jaundice and respiratory distress. In the past two decades, numerous reports have been published regarding associations between PGD and risk of adverse outcomes...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971305/screening-and-treatment-for-early-onset-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Jincy Immanuel, David Simmons
We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the current evidence for screening and treatment for early-onset gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) RECENT FINDINGS: Many of the women with early GDM in the first trimester do not have evidence of hyperglycemia at 24-28 weeks' gestation. A high proportion (15-70%) of women with GDM can be detected early in pregnancy depending on the setting, criteria used and screening strategy. However, there remains no good evidence for any of the diagnostic criteria for early-onset GDM...
October 2, 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970543/relationship-between-gestational-weight-gain-and-pregnancy-complications-or-delivery-outcome
#20
Wenjia Yang, Feifei Han, Xueying Gao, Yifei Chen, Linong Ji, Xiaoling Cai
The purpose of this study is to analyse the association between gestational weight gain and delivery outcome or the morbidity of pregnancy complications. A total of 1,102 pregnant women who delivered at Peking University People's Hospital in China between January 2011 and December 2012 were included in this study. We divided them into 4 groups according to the baseline BMI quartiles and weight gain quartiles in different trimesters of pregnancy to analyse the status of delivery outcome and morbidity of pregnancy complications...
October 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
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