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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940378/potential-risk-of-weed-outbreak-by-increasing-biochar-s-application-rates-in-slow-growth-legume-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik
#1
Mahdi Safaei Khorram, Akram Fatemi, Md Asaduzzaman Khan, Rudolf Kiefer, Sasan Jafarnia
BACKGROUND: Biochar amendment as a promising tool to improve the soil quality and consequently, higher crop yield has received more attention during last decades. The positive effects of biochar have been getting more attention especially in the areas with low precipitation rate like Middle East, due to low soil organic carbon content, higher drought intensity, and increasing demands for food production. However, biochar can lead to lower herbicide efficacy, resulting in higher consumption of herbicides...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936408/emerging-trends-in-epidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#2
REVIEW
Cristina Stasi, Caterina Silvestri, Fabio Voller
Although a vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been available since 1982, the prevalence of adults with chronic HBV infection in sub-Saharan Africa and East Asia is still estimated at 5-10%. A high rate of chronic infections is also found in the Amazon and the southern parts of eastern and central Europe. In the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent, the prevalence is 2-5%. Less than 1% of the population of Western Europe and North America is chronically infected. Given the high prevalence of infections (such as hepatitis) among inmates, prison is considered a reservoir for facilitating such infections...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935950/transcriptome-analyses-suggest-a-novel-hypothesis-for-whitefly-adaptation-to-tobacco
#3
Wen-Qiang Xia, Xin-Ru Wang, Yan Liang, Shu-Sheng Liu, Xiao-Wei Wang
The adaptation of herbivorous insects to various host plants facilitates the spread and outbreak of many important invasive pests, however, the molecular mechanisms that underneath this process are poorly understood. In the past three decades, two species of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci complex, Middle East-Asia Minor 1 and Mediterranean, have invaded many countries. Their rapid and widespread invasions are partially due to their ability to infest a wide range of host plants. In this study, we determined the transcriptome and phenotypic changes of one Mediterranean whitefly population during its adaptation to tobacco, an unsuitable host plant...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935946/population-resequencing-of-european-mitochondrial-genomes-highlights-sex-bias-in-bronze-age-demographic-expansions
#4
Chiara Batini, Pille Hallast, Åshild J Vågene, Daniel Zadik, Heidi A Eriksen, Horolma Pamjav, Antti Sajantila, Jon H Wetton, Mark A Jobling
Interpretations of genetic data concerning the prehistory of Europe have long been a subject of great debate, but increasing amounts of ancient and modern DNA data are now providing new and more informative evidence. Y-chromosome resequencing studies in Europe have highlighted the prevalence of recent expansions of male lineages, and focused interest on the Bronze Age as a period of cultural and demographic change. These findings contrast with phylogeographic studies based on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which have been interpreted as supporting expansions from glacial refugia...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935602/dietary-immunogen-%C3%A2-modulated-digestive-enzyme-activity-and-immune-gene-expression-in-litopenaeus-vannamei-post-larvae
#5
Hamed Kolangi Miandare, Ali Taheri Mirghaed, Marjan Hosseini, Nastaran Mazloumi, Ashkan Zargar, Sajad Nazari
Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) is an important economical shrimp species worldwide, especially in the Middle East region, and farming activities of this species have been largely affected by diseases, mostly viral and bacterial diseases. Scientists have started to use prebiotics for bolstering the immune status of the animal. This study aimed to investigate the influence of Immunogen(®) on growth, digestive enzyme activity and immune related gene expression of Litopenaeus vannamei post-larvae...
September 18, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934148/tomato-leaf-curl-new-delhi-virus-an-emerging-virus-complex-threatening-vegetable-and-fiber-crops
#6
REVIEW
Enrique Moriones, Shelly Praveen, Supriya Chakraborty
The tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV) (genus Begomovirus, family Geminiviridae) represents an important constraint to tomato production, as it causes the most predominant and economically important disease affecting tomato in the Indian sub-continent. However, in recent years, ToLCNDV has been fast extending its host range and spreading to new geographical regions, including the Middle East and the western Mediterranean Basin. Extensive research on the genome structure, protein functions, molecular biology, and plant-virus interactions of ToLCNDV has been conducted in the last decade...
September 21, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933876/infant-iron-deficiency-child-affect-and-maternal-unresponsiveness-testing-the-long-term-effects-of-functional-isolation
#7
Patricia East, Betsy Lozoff, Estela Blanco, Erin Delker, Jorge Delva, Pamela Encina, Sheila Gahagan
Children who are iron deficient (ID) or iron-deficient anemic (IDA) have been shown to seek and receive less stimulation from their caregivers, contributing to functional isolation. Over time, the reduced interactions between child and caregiver are thought to interfere with the acquisition of normative social competencies and adversely affect the child's development. The current study examined functional isolation in children who were ID or IDA in infancy in relation to social difficulties in middle childhood and problem behaviors in adolescence...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933635/factors-involved-in-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-hesitancy-among-women-in-the-south-east-asian-region-sear-and-western-pacific-region-wpr-a-scoping-review
#8
Diviya Santhanes, Che Pui Wong, Yan Ye Yap, Saw Pui San, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk, Tahir Mehmood Khan
A scoping review was performed to identify factors that may lead to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine hesitancy among women in low- and middle-income countries in South East Asian Region (SEAR) and Western Pacific Region (WPR). A systematic search of English and non-English articles using Pubmed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, MEDLINE, and CINAHL plus was conducted. Only 63 studies conducted in SEAR and WPR were included from inception until December 2016. Results of these studies have shown that poor awareness and knowledge of practices on cervical cancer prevention was evident in both SEAR and WPR...
September 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931677/structurally-guided-removal-of-deisgylase-biochemical-activity-from-papain-like-protease-originating-from-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-virus
#9
Courtney M Daczkowski, Octavia Goodwin, John V Dzimianski, Jonathan J Farhat, Scott D Pegan
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is an emerging human pathogen that is the causative agent for Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). With MERS outbreaks resulting in over 35% fatalities and now spread to 27 countries, MERS-CoV poses a significant on-going threat to global human health. As part of its viral genome, MERS-CoV encodes for a papain-like protease (PLpro) that has been observed to act as a deubiquitinase and deISGylase to antagonize IFN-I immune pathways. This activity is in addition to its viral polypeptide cleavage function...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931567/sex-differences-in-risk-factor-management-of-coronary-heart-disease-across-three-regions
#10
Min Zhao, Ilonca Vaartjes, Ian Graham, Diederick Grobbee, Wilko Spiering, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Mark Woodward, Sanne Ae Peters
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there are sex differences in risk factor management of patients with established coronary heart disease (CHD), and to assess demographic variations of any potential sex differences. METHODS: Patients with CHD were recruited from Europe, Asia, and the Middle East between 2012-2013. Adherence to guideline-recommended treatment and lifestyle targets was assessed and summarised as a Cardiovascular Health Index Score (CHIS). Age-adjusted regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for women versus men in risk factor management...
September 20, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930085/importation-of-cyhv-2-infected-goldfish-into-the-netherlands
#11
Takafumi Ito, Jun Kurita, Olga L M Haenen
Cyprinid herpesvirus 2 (CyHV-2) is known as the causative agent of herpesviral haematopoietic necrosis in goldfish Carassius auratus auratus. However, the virus has also been detected in Prussian carp C. gibelio and crucian carp C. carassius from European and Asian countries. To prevent spread of the causative virus to other areas, investigation of the risk factors of spread of this virus is important. In this study, 8 batches of goldfish imported into the Netherlands by airfreight from Asia and the Middle East were investigated for the presence of the virus...
September 20, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929984/developing-a-hospital-disaster-preparedness-plan-for-mass-casualty-incidents-lessons-learned-from-the-downtown-beirut-bombing
#12
Mazen El Sayed, Ali F Chami, Eveline Hitti
Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) are becoming more frequent worldwide, especially in the Middle East where violence in Syria has spilled over to many neighboring countries. Lebanon lacks a coordinated prehospital response system to deal with MCIs; therefore, hospital preparedness plans are essential to deal with the surge of casualties. This report describes our experience in dealing with an MCI involving a car bomb in an urban area of downtown Beirut, Lebanon. It uses general response principles to propose a simplified response model for hospitals to use during MCIs...
September 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929307/fracture-liaison-service-report-on-the-first-successful-experience-from-the-middle-east
#13
Falah Bachour, Maroun Rizkallah, Amer Sebaaly, Angelique Barakat, Hiba Razzouk, Rawad El Hage, Riad Nasr, Mirvat El Khoury, Ghassan Maalouf
This study aims to assess for the first time in the Middle East, the clinical benefits of an FLS model established in a hospital in Beirut, Lebanon. It shows a significant 54% relative risk reduction in re-fracture incidence, confirming the patient-oriented benefit of diffusing this system in the Middle East region. PURPOSE/INTRODUCTION: Few hospitals in Lebanon applied Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) program. A type A FLS is established at Bellevue hospital in Beirut in July 2013. This study aims to assess its clinical benefits and efficacy...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929226/transcriptome-profiling-of-fully-open-flowers-in-a-frost-tolerant-almond-genotype-in-response-to-freezing-stress
#14
Batool Hosseinpour, Sadegh Sepahvand, Kazem Kamali Aliabad, MohammadReza Bakhtiarizadeh, Ali Imani, Reza Assareh, Seyed Alireza Salami
Spring frost is a major limiting abiotic stress for the cultivation of almonds [Prunus dulcis (Mill.)] in Mediterranean areas or the Middle East. Spring frost, in particular, damages almond fully open flowers, resulting to significant reduction in yield. Little is known about the genetic factors expressed after frost stress in Prunus spp. as well as in almond fully open flowers. Here, we provide the molecular signature of pistils of fully open flowers from a frost-tolerant almond genotype. The level of frost tolerance in this genotype was determined for all three flowering stages and was confirmed by comparing it to two other cultivars using several physiological analyses...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926627/tiger-sharks-can-connect-equatorial-habitats-and-fisheries-across-the-atlantic-ocean-basin
#15
André S Afonso, Ricardo Garla, Fábio H V Hazin
Increasing our knowledge about the spatial ecology of apex predators and their interactions with diverse habitats and fisheries is necessary for understanding the trophic mechanisms that underlie several aspects of marine ecosystem dynamics and for guiding informed management policies. A preliminary assessment of tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) population structure off the oceanic insular system of Fernando de Noronha (FEN) and the large-scale movements performed by this species in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean was conducted using longline and handline fishing gear and satellite telemetry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#16
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923942/identification-of-sialic-acid-binding-function-for-the-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-spike-glycoprotein
#17
Wentao Li, Ruben J G Hulswit, Ivy Widjaja, V Stalin Raj, Ryan McBride, Wenjie Peng, W Widagdo, M Alejandra Tortorici, Brenda van Dieren, Yifei Lang, Jan W M van Lent, James C Paulson, Cornelis A M de Haan, Raoul J de Groot, Frank J M van Kuppeveld, Bart L Haagmans, Berend-Jan Bosch
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) targets the epithelial cells of the respiratory tract both in humans and in its natural host, the dromedary camel. Virion attachment to host cells is mediated by 20-nm-long homotrimers of spike envelope protein S. The N-terminal subunit of each S protomer, called S1, folds into four distinct domains designated S1(A) through S1(D) Binding of MERS-CoV to the cell surface entry receptor dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) occurs via S1(B) We now demonstrate that in addition to DPP4, MERS-CoV binds to sialic acid (Sia)...
September 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923510/first-characterization-of-a-middle-east-gi-23-lineage-var2-like-of-infectious-bronchitis-virus-in-europe
#18
Anna Lisowska, Joanna Sajewicz-Krukowska, Alice Fusaro, Anna Pikula, Katarzyna Domanska-Blicharz
Variants assigned to GI-23 lineage of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), formerly called Var2, have circulated for nearly 20 years only in countries of the Middle East. Strains of this lineage were first identified in Israel in 1998. More severe form of the virus appeared in 2006, when the second wave of Var2 epidemic has spread over the Middle East region. The present study describes the detection and detailed genetic characterization of the GI-23 viruses in Poland. The full-length genome of gammaCoV/Ck/Poland/G052/2016 strain consists of 27596 nucleotides and has typical organization for IBV (UTR5'-POl-S-3a-3b-E-M-4b-4c-5a-5b-N-UTR3')...
September 18, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923111/a-novel-coltivirus-related-virus-isolated-from-free-tailed-bats-from-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-is-able-to-infect-human-cells-in-vitro
#19
Sabrina Weiss, Piotr Wojtek Dabrowski, Andreas Kurth, Siv Aina J Leendertz, Fabian H Leendertz
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic transmission events play a major role in the emergence of novel diseases. While such events are virtually impossible to predict, wildlife screening for potential emerging pathogens can be a first step. Driven by recent disease epidemics like severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and Ebola, bats have gained special interest as reservoirs of emerging viruses. METHODS: As part of a bigger study investigating pathogens in African bats we screened animals for the presence of known and unknown viruses...
September 18, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922561/reconciling-female-genital-circumcision-with-universal-human-rights
#20
John-Stewart Gordon
One of the most challenging issues in cross-cultural bioethics concerns the long-standing socio-cultural practice of female genital circumcision (FGC), which is prevalent in many African countries and the Middle East as well as in some Asian and Western countries. It is commonly assumed that FGC, in all its versions, constitutes a gross violation of the universal human rights of health, physical integrity, and individual autonomy and hence should be abolished. This article, however, suggests a mediating approach according to which one form of FGC, the removal of the clitoris foreskin, can be made compatible with the high demands of universal human rights...
September 18, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
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