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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346993/artemisia-sieberi-besser-essential-oil-and-treatment-of-fungal-infections
#1
REVIEW
Mohaddese Mahboubi
A. sieberi essential oil has been used for treatment of hardly curable infectious ulcers in Middle East Medicine and has been famous due to its wormicide effects. In this review, we evaluated the potency of A. sieberi essential oil in treatment of fungal infections. We searched in PubMed Central, Science direct, Wiley, Springer, SID, and accessible books, reports, thesis. There is a lot of mixed information on chemical compositions of A. sieberi essential oil, but most articles reported α, β-thujones as the main components of essential oils...
March 22, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346575/perceptions-of-healthcare-professionals-on-the-usage-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-a-teaching-hospital-from-a-middle-income-south-east-asian-country
#2
M H Jaafar, S Mahadeva, P Subramanian, M P Tan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceptions of healthcare professionals' (HCPs) in a South East Asian nation towards percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) feeding. DESIGN: Semi-structured, qualitative interviews. SETTINGS: A teaching hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 17 healthcare professionals aged 23-43 years, 82% women. RESULTS: Thematic analysis revealed five themes that represent HCPs' perceptions in relation to the usage of PEG feeding: 1) knowledge of HCPs, 2) communication, 3) understanding among patients, and 4) financial and affordability...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344703/key-challenges-for-implementing-a-canadian-based-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-in-a-middle-eastern-context
#3
Kyle John Wilby, Mohammad Diab
Globalization of medical education is occurring at a rapid pace and many regions of the world are adapting curricula, teaching methods, and assessment tools from established programs. In the Middle East, the use of Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) is rare. The College of Pharmacy at Qatar University recently partnered with the University of Toronto and the Supreme Council of Health in Qatar to adapt policies and procedures of a Canadian-based OSCE as an exit-from-degree assessment for pharmacy students in Qatar...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343251/neurological-aspects-of-chemical-and-biological-terrorism-guidelines-for-neurologists
#4
REVIEW
Harald De Cauwer, Francis J M P Somville, Marieke Joillet
This statement paper deals with the key role an neurologist plays in the management of victims of chemical warfare/terrorist attacks. Because terrorist factions have expanded the war zone creating a worldwide risk of terrorist attacks, not only limited to some conflict zones in the Middle East, neurologists in all countries/regions have to be prepared for disaster response. The scope of this paper is to provide guidelines for the neurological management of victims of chemical and biological terrorist attacks...
March 25, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342801/geographic-disparities-of-pneumonia-specific-under-5-mortality-rates-in-mainland-china-from-1996-to-2015-a-population-based-study
#5
Leni Kang, Chunhua He, Lei Miao, Juan Liang, Jun Zhu, Xiaohong Li, Qi Li, Yanping Wang
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the disparities of pneumonia-specific under-5 mortality rate (PU5MR) among and within three geographic regions in Mainland China from 1996 to 2015. METHODS: We used data from China's Under-5 Child Mortality Surveillance System (U5CMSS) and grouped the study period by every two years. The Cochran-Armitage trend test and Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test were used to assess trends and differences in PU5MR among and within geographic regions...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341055/obstetric-care-for-women-with-thalassemia
#6
REVIEW
Terence T Lao
Thalassemia is the commonest monogenic disease and manifests as severe anemia. It is increasingly encountered outside the Mediterranean region, Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia because of immigration. Pregnancy, previously uncommon in patients with homozygous β-thalassemia, is encountered increasingly because of improved management and assisted reproduction technology; however, preconceptional problems that include anemia, iron overload, cardiac dysfunction, thromboembolism, alloimmunization, infections, and endocrine and bone disorders, could influence maternal and obstetric outcome...
February 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340558/a-novel-real-time-pcr-assay-for-specific-detection-of-brucella-melitensis
#7
Rene Kaden, Sevinc Ferrari, Erik Alm, Tara Wahab
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a zoonosis that occurs worldwide. The disease has been completely eradicated in livestock in Sweden in 1994, and all cases of confirmed human brucellosis are imported into Sweden from other countries. However, due to an increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers from the middle-east to Sweden, there is a need to improve the current diagnostic methodology for Brucella melitensis. Whilst culture of Brucella species can be used as a diagnostic tool, real-time PCR approaches provide a much faster result...
March 24, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339670/exploring-the-variability-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-prevalence-a-meta-analytical-approach
#8
Carla Maldini, Katie Druce, Neil Basu, Michael P LaValley, Alfred Mahr
Background.: Surveys of Behçet's disease (BD) have shown substantial geographic variations in prevalence, but some of these differences may result from methodological inconsistencies. This meta-analysis explored the effect of geographic location and study methodology on the prevalence of BD. Methods.: We systematically searched the literature in electronic databases and by handsearching to identify population-based prevalence surveys of BD. Studies were eligible if they provided an original population-based prevalence estimate for BD with the number of prevalent cases identified in the study area...
February 17, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337351/a-rare-form-of-brucella-bursitis-with-negative-serology-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
F M Almajid
Brucellosis is still endemic in certain parts of the world including the Mediterranean, the Middle East, Latin America, and African regions. Osteoarticular manifestations are common presenting features. Brucellosis presenting as prepatellar bursitis has already been reported. We present a case of seronegative olecranon bursitis with positive blood and aspirate cultures. The patient improved remarkably by treatment with streptomycin and doxycycline with no evidence or relapse.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337184/the-maternally-inheritable-wolbachia-walbb-induces-refractoriness-to-plasmodium-berghei-in-anopheles-stephensi
#10
Deepak Joshi, Xiaoling Pan, Michael J McFadden, David Bevins, Xiao Liang, Peng Lu, Suzanne Thiem, Zhiyong Xi
The endosymbiont Wolbachia wAlbB induces refractoriness to Plasmodium falciparum in Anopheles stephensi, the primary mosquito vector of human malaria in the Middle East and South Asia. However, it remains unknown whether such refractoriness can be extended to other malaria species. In particular, it was reported that under very specific conditions, wAlbB can enhance Plasmodium infection in some hosts. Here, we measured the impact of wAlbB on the rodent malaria parasite Plasmodium berghei in A. stephensi by comparing the load of oocysts and sporozoites in midguts and salivary glands, respectively, between wAlbB-infected and -uninfected mosquitoes...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334452/quantitative-assessment-of-the-risk-of-release-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-via-export-of-bull-semen-from-israel
#11
A Meyer, L Zamir, A Ben Yair Gilboa, B Gelman, D U Pfeiffer, T Vergne
Various foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus strains circulate in the Middle East, causing frequent episodes of FMD outbreaks among Israeli livestock. Since the virus is highly resistant in semen, artificial insemination with contaminated bull semen may lead to the infection of the receiver cow. As a non-FMD-free country with vaccination, Israel is currently engaged in trading bull semen only with countries of the same status. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk of release of FMD virus through export of bull semen in order to estimate the risk for FMD-free countries considering purchasing Israeli bull semen...
March 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333616/cross-sectional-surveillance-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-in-dromedary-camels-and-other-mammals-in-egypt-august-2015-to-january-2016
#12
Mohamed Ali, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Ahmed Kandeil, Mahmoud Shehata, Basma Elsokary, Mokhtar Gomaa, Naglaa Hassan, Ahmed El Sayed, Ahmed El-Taweel, Heba Sobhy, Folorunso Oludayo Fasina, Gwenaelle Dauphin, Ihab El Masry, Abebe Wossene Wolde, Peter Daszak, Maureen Miller, Sophie VonDobschuetz, Emma Gardner, Subhash Morzaria, Juan Lubroth, Yilma Jobre Makonnen
A cross-sectional study was conducted in Egypt to determine the prevalence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in imported and resident camels and bats, as well as to assess possible transmission of the virus to domestic ruminants and equines. A total of 1,031 sera, 1,078 nasal swabs, 13 rectal swabs, and 38 milk samples were collected from 1,078 camels in different types of sites. In addition, 145 domestic animals and 109 bats were sampled. Overall, of 1,031 serologically-tested camels, 871 (84...
March 16, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332641/the-sample-of-choice-for-detecting-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-in-asymptomatic-dromedary-camels-using-real-time-reversetranscription-polymerase-chain-reaction
#13
K A Mohran, E A B Farag, C B E Reusken, V S Raj, M M Lamers, S D Pas, J Voermans, S L Smits, M M Alhajri, F Alhajri, H E Al-Romaihi, H Ghobashy, M M El-Maghraby, S H S Al Dhahiry, N Al-Mawlawi, A M El-Sayed, M Al-Thani, S A Al-Marri, B L Haagmans, M P G Koopmans
The newly identified Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which causes severe respiratory disease, particularly in people with comorbidities, requires further investigation. Studies in Qatar and elsewhere have provided evidence that dromedary camels are a reservoir for the virus, but the exact modes of transmission of MERS-CoV to humans remain unclear. In February 2014, an assessment was made of the suitability and sensitivity of different types of sample for the detection of MERSCoV by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for three gene targets: UpE (upstream of the E gene), the N (nucleocapsid) gene and open reading frame (ORF) 1a...
December 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331541/identifying-cross-cultural-variations-in-psychostimulant-use-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-using-linked-data
#14
Manonita Ghosh, C D'Arcy J Holman, David B Preen
BACKGROUND: To validate the association between country-of-birth and disparities in the stimulant use for ADHD among individuals in Western Australia. METHODS: Using linked data, a population-based retrospective cohort of individuals admitted to hospital before age 25 years was followed through to identify having stimulants for ADHD in 2003-2007. Multivariate logistic and linear regressions were used to characterise associations between stimulants and country-of-birth, geographical remoteness and socioeconomic status...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331081/multiple-sources-of-genetic-diversity-of-influenza-a-viruses-during-the-hajj
#15
Joanna C A Cobbin, Mohammad Alfelali, Osamah Barasheed, Janette Taylor, Dominic E Dwyer, Jen Kok, Robert Booy, Edward C Holmes, Harunor Rashid
Outbreaks of respiratory virus infection at mass gatherings pose significant health risks to attendants, host communities and ultimately the global population if they help facilitate viral emergence. However, little is known about the genetic diversity, evolution and patterns of viral transmission during mass gatherings, particularly how much diversity is generated by in situ transmission compared to that imported from other locations. Here we describe the genomic-scale evolution of influenza A viruses sampled from the Hajj at Makkah during 2013-2015...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329062/comparison-of-demographic-and-photobiological-features-of-chronic-actinic-dermatitis-in-patients-with-lighter-vs-darker-skin-types
#16
Ki-Wei Tan, Ann K Haylett, Tsui C Ling, Lesley E Rhodes
Importance: Chronic actinic dermatitis (CAD) is classically described in older, white men, although increasing reports describe younger patients with darker skin types, particularly South Asians. Photocontact allergy occurs in CAD but is less studied than contact allergy in this exquisitely photosensitive condition. Objective: To evaluate for differences in demographic and photobiological features between persons with darker and lighter skin types who have CAD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective review included 70 consecutive adult patients (≥18 years) undergoing investigation for photosensitivity who were diagnosed with CAD from November 1, 2000, through August 31, 2015, at the specialist Photobiology Unit of a tertiary academic referral center...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327160/what-constitutes-problematic-khat-use-an-exploratory-mixed-methods-study-in-ethiopia
#17
Awoke Mihretu, Solomon Teferra, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Khat is a psycho-stimulant herb, which has been in use in traditional societies in East Africa and the Middle East over many centuries. Although khat is reported to cause various health problems, what constitutes problematic khat use has never been systematically investigated. This study explored the acceptable and problematic uses of khat from the perspective of users. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods design (exploratory sequential) in which qualitative (emic) data were collected to develop a framework to define problematic khat use...
March 21, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322710/surveillance-and-testing-for-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-saudi-arabia-april-2015-february-2016
#18
Abdulaziz A Bin Saeed, Glen R Abedi, Abdullah G Alzahrani, Iyad Salameh, Fatima Abdirizak, Raafat Alhakeem, Homoud Algarni, Osman A El Nil, Mutaz Mohammed, Abdullah M Assiri, Hail M Alabdely, John T Watson, Susan I Gerber
Saudi Arabia has reported >80% of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) cases worldwide. During April 2015-February 2016, Saudi Arabia identified and tested 57,363 persons (18.4/10,000 residents) with suspected MERS-CoV infection; 384 (0.7%) tested positive. Robust, extensive, and timely surveillance is critical for limiting virus transmission.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322014/carbohydrate-intake-during-early-pregnancy-is-inversely-associated-with-abnormal-glucose-challenge-test-results-in-japanese-pregnant-women
#19
Ryoko Tajima, Yoko Yachi, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Yui Anasako Kawasaki, Izumi Nishibata, Ayumi Sugawara Hirose, Chika Horikawa, Satoru Kodama, Kaoruko Iida, Hirohito Sone
BACKGROUND: In East Asian countries, which have a high prevalence of underweight individuals, there is little information about the association between dietary factors and abnormal glucose tolerance during pregnancy. We examined the association between carbohydrate intake and moderately abnormal glucose tolerance in Japanese pregnant women. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study on 325 Japanese pregnant women without a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus prior to pregnancy...
March 20, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320410/bibliometric-analysis-of-medicine-related-publications-on-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-internally-displaced-people-2000-2015
#20
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: Wars and violent domestic conflicts have forced millions of people to move outside their homes. Meeting the basic health needs of those people requires an understanding of research activity and research output on this topic. The objective of this study was to shed light on the quantity and impact of medicine - related publications on refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced people (IDP). METHOD: Scopus database was used to retrieve required data...
March 20, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
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