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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741837/immunological-and-virological-response-to-antiretroviral-treatment-in-migrant-and-native-men-and-women-in-western-europe-is-benefit-equal-for-all
#1
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate differences in immunovirological response to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in migrant and native men and women within a European collaboration of HIV cohorts Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research in Europ (COHERE) in EuroCoord, 2004-2013. METHODS: Migrants were defined as those with geographical origin (GO) different from the reporting country and were grouped as originating from Western Europe and Western Countries (WEWC), Eastern Europe (EE), North Africa and the Middle East (NAME), sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), Latin America (LA), Caribbean (CRB) and Asia/Oceania (ASIA/OCE)...
July 25, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740430/a-systematic-literature-review-exploring-the-prevalence-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-the-role-played-by-stress-and-traumatic-stress-in-breast-cancer-diagnosis-and-trajectory
#2
REVIEW
Paola Arnaboldi, Silvia Riva, Chiara Crico, Gabriella Pravettoni
Stress has been extensively studied as a psychosomatic factor associated with breast cancer. This study aims to review the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), its associated risk factors, the role of predicting factors for its early diagnosis/prevention, the implications for co-treatment, and the potential links by which stress could impact cancer risk, by closely examining the literature on breast cancer survivors. The authors systematically reviewed studies published from 2002 to 2016 pertaining to PTSD, breast cancer and PTSD, and breast cancer and stress...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738469/-analysis-on-geographic-distribution-of-high-blood-pressure-prevalence-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-in-china-2014
#3
Y H Dong, Z Y Zou, Z H Wang, S Wang, Z P Yang, Y J Chen, J Ma
Objective: To understand and evaluate the characteristics of geographic distribution of high blood pressure prevalence in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China in 2014, and provide evidence for the prevention of hypertension in children and adolescents. Methods: The data of 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health conducting 31 provinces (except Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) were collected. A total of 216 299 children and adolescents who had complete blood pressure records were selected as study subjects...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738027/n-terminal-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-urinary-concentrations-and-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#4
Christoph Bührer, Ömer Erdeve, Anton van Kaam, Angelika Berger, Evelyn Lechner, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Karel Allegaert, Tom Stiris, İstemi Han Çelik, Janet Berrington
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To validate findings of a single-center pilot study showing elevated urinary N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) concentrations in preterm infants subsequently developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a multicenter setting across 8 European and Middle East countries. METHODS: Prospective observational study in 967 preterm infants<30 weeks gestational age assessing the capacity of urinary NTproBNP on day of life (DOL) 14 and 28 to predict ROP requiring treatment...
July 24, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736357/incidence-demographics-and-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-middle-east-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Ayman El-Menyar, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Hassan Al-Thani, Rafael Consunji, Rifat Latifi
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious global public health challenge. We aimed to assess the pattern of TBI in the Middle East, as reported in the last decade. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted on PubMed, MEDLINE and Google scholar electronic databases. The search-terms used in different combinations were epidemiology, incidence, case fatality, mortality, intracranial injury, brain injury, head injury and the country names. Additional searches were conducted using reference lists of studies and review articles for selection of relevant articles...
July 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736057/regional-variation-in-breast-cancer-surgery-results-from-the-national-cancer-database-ncdb
#6
Alexander S Chiu, Princess Thomas, Brigid K Killelea, Nina Horowitz, Anees B Chagpar, Donald R Lannin
BACKGROUND: Early studies have shown significant regional differences in the utilization of breast-conserving therapy (BCT) and mastectomy with reconstruction. It is expected that with the passage of time and the adoption of national treatment guidelines, these disparities would disappear. METHODS: Patients with non-metastatic breast cancer who underwent surgery between 2004 and 2013 were analyzed using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Trends in BCT and reconstruction were evaluated and multivariate logistic regression performed...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734432/outbreak-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-causes-high-fatality-after-cardiac-operations
#7
Rakan I Nazer
Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus (MERS-CoV) resembles a severe form of community-acquired pneumonia initially reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. The MERS-CoV epidemic poses a big challenge because of its high mortality. In January 2015, a patient who was potentially incubating MERS-CoV arrived from the emergency department of another hospital and was admitted with acute coronary syndrome. This resulted in an outbreak in the cardiac surgery ward that caused the deaths of 5 of 6 patients who had undergone cardiac operations...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732040/perceptions-of-arab-men-regarding-female-breast-cancer-screening-examinations-findings-from-a-middle-east-study
#8
Tam Truong Donnelly, Al-Hareth Al-Khater, Salha Bujassoum Al-Bader, Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari, Mariam Ali Abdul Malik, Nabila Al-Meer, Rajvir Singh
OBJECTIVES: In the Middle East, Qatar in particular, the incidence of breast cancer has substantially increased in recent years, and is expected to double by 2030. This diagnosis also occurs at a later stage in the disease. Early detection along with proper treatment reduces radical mastectomy and mortality rates, yet only one-third of Arab women in Qatar participate in breast cancer screening (BCS) activities of any sort. Many women in the conservative Qatari society rely on male family members for support and protection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731624/risk-for-postpartum-depression-among-immigrant-arabic-women-in-the-united-states-a-feasibility-study
#9
Dalia Alhasanat, Judith Fry-McComish, Hossein N Yarandi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 14% of women in the United States and 10% to 37% of Arabic women in the Middle East. Evidence suggests that immigrant women experience higher rates, but information on PPD among immigrant women of Arabic descent in the United States is nonexistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive feasibility study was conducted to assess the practicality of implementing a larger proposed research study to examine predictors of PPD in US immigrant women of Arabic descent residing in Dearborn, Michigan...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731371/determinants-of-infection-outcome-in-hcv-genotype-4
#10
Rania A Zayed, Dalia Omran, Abeer A Zayed, Lobna O Elmessery
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a worldwide health problem and has been for long an attractive point of research due to diversity among different genotypes regarding unique geographical distribution and diverse treatment outcome. HCV is considered a major cause of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, which leads to liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma requiring liver transplantation. Of the HCV genotypes identified, HCV genotype 4 (HCV-4) is the least studied. HCV-4 is responsible for ∼10% of HCV infections and is common in the Middle East and Africa; recently it is increasingly prevalent in European Countries...
July 21, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730089/an-international-survey-of-classification-and-treatment-choices-for-group-d-retinoblastoma
#11
Christina Scelfo, Jasmine H Francis, Vikas Khetan, Thomas Jenkins, Brian Marr, David H Abramson, Carol L Shields, Jacob Pe'er, Francis Munier, Jesse Berry, J William Harbour, Andrey Yarovoy, Evandro Lucena, Timothy G Murray, Pooja Bhagia, Evelyn Paysse, Samuray Tuncer, Guillermo L Chantada, Annette C Moll, Tatiana Ushakova, David A Plager, Islamov Ziyovuddin, Carlos A Leal, Miguel A Materin, Xun-Da Ji, Jose W Cursino, Rodrigo Polania, Hayyam Kiratli, Charlotta All-Ericsson, Rejin Kebudi, Santosh G Honavar, Vicktoria Vishnevskia-Dai, Sidnel Epelman, Anthony B Daniels, Jeanie D Ling, Fousseyni Traore, Marco A Ramirez-Ortiz
AIM: To determine which IIRC scheme was used by retinoblastoma centers worldwide and the percentage of D eyes treated primarily with enucleation versus globe salvaging therapies as well as to correlate trends in treatment choice to IIRC version used and geographic region. METHODS: An anonymized electronic survey was offered to 115 physicians at 39 retinoblastoma centers worldwide asking about IIRC classification schemes and treatment patterns used between 2008 and 2012...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728926/diagnostic-delays-in-537-symptomatic-cases-of-mers-cov-infection-in-saudi-arabia
#12
Anwar E Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Although the literature indicates the potential outcomes of a patient's delay in seeking medical support is associated with poor clinical outcomes, delays in the diagnosis itself remain poorly understood in patients with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome - Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). This study aims to estimate the median time interval of confirmed diagnosis after symptom onset and identify its potential predictors in Saudi Arabian MERS patients. METHODS: A retrospective study involved patients confirmed with MERS who were publicly reported by the World Health Organization (WHO)...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728860/-palimpsest-scar-lesions-in-a-context-of-torture-darfur-sudan
#13
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, Y Mostefai Dulac, S Deo, S Jacqueline, L Brun, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: As a result of the current exponentially growing refugee population from the Middle-East and East Africa (Sudan, Darfur, Eritrea), clinicians (including forensic pathologists) are seeing atypical skin lesions, mainly of a traumatic nature, but in some cases associated with long-standing lesions related to ethnic practices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case of torture sequelae is presented herein in a patient originally from Darfur (Sudan): cutaneous incisions were made on old scars several times using a knife...
July 17, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726019/arabic-translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-study-of-knee-outcome-survey-activities-of-daily-living-scale-kos-adls
#14
Abdulrahman D Algarni, Hamza M Alrabai, Abdulaziz Al-Ahaideb, Shaji John Kachanathu, Sulaiman A AlShammari
Knee complaints and their accompanying functional impairments are frequent problems encountered by healthcare practitioners worldwide. Plenty of functional scoring systems were developed and validated to give a relative estimation about the knee function. Despite the wide geographic distribution of Arabic language in the Middle East and North Africa, it is rare to find a validated knee function scale in Arabic. The present study is aimed to translate, validate, and culturally adjust the Knee Outcome Survey: Activities of Daily Living Scale (KOS-ADLS) into Arabic language for future use among Arabic-speaking patients...
July 19, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725873/genetic-characterization-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-type-1-transmission-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#15
Malik Sallam, Gülşen Özkaya Şahin, Mikael Ingman, Anders Widell, Joakim Esbjörnsson, Patrik Medstrand
BACKGROUND: The HIV-1 spread in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) has not been previously characterised using the phylogenetic approach. The aim of the current study was to investigate the genetic diversity and domestic transmission of HIV-1 in the MENA. METHODS: A total of 2036 HIV-1 sequences available in Genbank and collected in the MENA during 1988-2016 were used together with 715 HIV-1 reference sequences that were retrieved from Genbank based on genetic similarity with the MENA sequences...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724637/predictors-of-mortality-in-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-mers
#16
Ki-Ho Hong, Jae-Phil Choi, Seon-Hui Hong, Jeewon Lee, Ji-Soo Kwon, Sun-Mi Kim, Se Yoon Park, Ji-Young Rhee, Baek-Nam Kim, Hee Jung Choi, Eui-Cheol Shin, Hyunjoo Pai, Su-Hyung Park, Sung-Han Kim
We evaluated the clinical characteristics, cytokine/chemokine concentrations, viral shedding and antibody kinetics in 30 patients with Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), including 6 non-survivors admitted to 3 MERS-designated hospitals. Old age, low albumin, altered mentality and high pneumonia severity index score at admission were risk factors for mortality. In addition, severe signs of inflammation at initial presentation (at hospital days 1-4), such as high inducible protein-10 (p=0.0013), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (p=0...
July 19, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722623/the-use-of-xenosurveillance-to-detect-human-bacteria-parasites-and-viruses-in-mosquito-bloodmeals
#17
Joseph R Fauver, Alex Gendernalik, James Weger-Lucarelli, Nathan D Grubaugh, Doug E Brackney, Brian D Foy, Gregory D Ebel
Infectious disease surveillance is hindered by several factors, including limited infrastructure and geographic isolation of many resource-poor regions. In addition, the complexities of sample acquisition, processing, and analysis, even in developed regions, can be rate limiting. Therefore, new strategies to survey human populations for emerging pathogens are necessary. Xenosurveillance is a method that utilizes mosquitoes as sampling devices to search for genetic signatures of pathogens in vertebrates. Previously we demonstrated that xenosurveillance can detect viral RNA in both laboratory and field settings...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720919/delivering-tobacco-cessation-content-in-the-middle-east-through-interprofessional-learning
#18
Alla El-Awaisi, Ahmed Awaisu, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Bayan Alemrayat, Ghadir Al-Jayyousi, Norman Wong, Mohamud A Verjee
Objective. To explore the attitudes of pharmacy, pharmacy technician, medical, and public health students before and after an IPE activity that focused on smoking cessation in the Middle East. Methods. A pre-post intervention research design using the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was used for this study. The tool contained 20 items, categorized under the following subscales: teamwork and collaboration, professional identity, and patient-centeredness. Results. A total of 47 out of 50 students from four different health disciplines in Qatar (medicine, pharmacy, pharmacy technician, and public health) who participated in the activity completed a pre- and post-intervention pre-validated questionnaire (94% response rate)...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719259/serosurvey-of-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-in-cattle-mali-west-africa
#19
Ousmane Maiga, Miriam Andrada Sas, Kyle Rosenke, Badian Kamissoko, Marc Mertens, Nafomon Sogoba, Abdallah Traore, Modibo Sangare, Mamadou Niang, Tom G Schwan, Hamidou Moussa Maiga, Sekou F Traore, Heinz Feldmann, David Safronetz, Martin H Groschup
AbstractCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is a tick-borne disease caused by the arbovirus Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV, family Bunyaviridae, genus Nairovirus). CCHFV can cause a severe hemorrhagic fever with high-case fatality rates in humans. CCHFV has a wide geographic range and has been described in around 30 countries in the Middle East, Asia, Europe, and Africa including Mali and neighboring countries. To date, little is known about the prevalence rates of CCHFV in Mali. Here, using banked bovine serum samples from across the country, we describe the results of a seroepidemiological study for CCHFV aimed at identifying regions of circulation in Mali...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719257/no-serologic-evidence-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-infection-among-camel-farmers-exposed-to-highly-seropositive-camel-herds-a-household-linked-study-kenya-2013
#20
Peninah Munyua, Victor Max Corman, Austine Bitek, Eric Osoro, Benjamin Meyer, Marcel A Müller, Erik Lattwein, S M Thumbi, Rees Murithi, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Christian Drosten, M Kariuki Njenga
AbstractHigh seroprevalence of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) among camels has been reported in Kenya and other countries in Africa. To date, the only report of MERS-CoV seropositivity among humans in Kenya is of two livestock keepers with no known contact with camels. We assessed whether persons exposed to seropositive camels at household level had serological evidence of infection. In 2013, 760 human and 879 camel sera were collected from 275 and 85 households respectively in Marsabit County...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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