keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hiv neurology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932298/stable-hiv-1-reservoirs-on-dolutegravir-maintenance-monotherapy-the-monodo-study
#1
D Sculier, T Doco-Lecompte, S Yerly, K J Metzner, L A Decosterd, A Calmy
OBJECTIVES: Dolutegravir (DTG) is a highly effective integrase inhibitor with a strong genetic resistance barrier and a potential role in simplified HIV maintenance treatment. We assessed the feasibility of DTG maintenance monotherapy and measured HIV reservoirs on DTG monotherapy. METHODS: An interventional, open-label, single-arm study including eight virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients switched to DTG 50 mg once daily for 24 weeks was performed...
June 22, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909165/-hepatic-and-extra-hepatic-manifestations-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection
#2
Hélène Blasco-Perrin, Jean-Marie Péron
All patients with elevated transaminases in France should be tested for HEV infection. HEV can cause severe hepatitis, in particular in patients with chronic liver disease, pregnant women and the elderly. Extra-hepatic manifestations including a number of neurologic syndromes, thrombopenia and renal injury have been described. HEV can cause chronic infection in immunosuppressed patients, in particular in organ-transplant recipients, patients with hematological malignancies and individuals with HIV. In patients with hematological malignancies, viral clearance can occur at the time of remission, with a risk of acute cytolysis and acute liver failure...
June 13, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907737/paradoxical-reaction-in-a-patient-with-co-occurring-tuberculous-meningitis-and-pott-s-disease
#3
Talia Robledo-Gil, Kaoru Harada, Ichiro Ikuta, Merceditas Villanueva
BACKGROUND Paradoxical reactions to tuberculosis (TB) are clinical or radiological worsening of prior tuberculous lesions or the development of new lesions upon treatment with appropriate anti-tuberculosis therapy (ATT). This phenomenon has been described in both HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients. Although historically estimated to occur in 6-30% of HIV-seronegative patients with TB, the phenomenon is often under-recognized in the current era, particularly in countries of low TB prevalence. We describe a case of a TB paradoxical reaction affecting the CNS and spine in an HIV-seronegative individual who received clinical care in the U...
June 16, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873906/s3-guideline-for-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-vulgaris-update-short-version-part-2-special-patient-populations-and-treatment-situations
#4
Alexander Nast, Lasse Amelunxen, Matthias Augustin, Wolf-Henning Boehncke, Corinna Dressler, Matthew Gaskins, Peter Härle, Bernd Hoffstadt, Joachim Klaus, Joachim Koza, Ulrich Mrowietz, Hans-Michael Ockenfels, Sandra Philipp, Kristian Reich, Thomas Rosenbach, Berthold Rzany, Martin Schlaeger, Gerhard Schmid-Ott, Michael Sebastian, Ralph von Kiedrowski, Tobias Weberschock
The German guideline for the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris was updated using GRADE methodology. The guideline is based on a systematic literature review completed on December 1, 2016, and on a formal consensus and approval process. The second part of this short version of the guideline covers the following special patient populations and treatment situations: tuberculosis screening before and during psoriasis treatment, choice of psoriasis treatment for individuals wishing to have children, as well as during pregnancy and breast-feeding, and patients with joint involvement and vaccinations...
June 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870954/neurological-soft-signs-as-a-marker-of-cognitive-impairment-severity-in-people-living-with-hiv
#5
Pablo Toro, María Elena Ceballos, José Pesenti, María Inostroza, Daniela Valenzuela, Fernando Henríquez, Gonzalo Forno, Christina Herold, Johannes Schröder, Jorge Calderón
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) include asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI), mild neurocognitive disorder (MND) and HIV-associated dementia. Early recognition of HAND is crucial, and usually requires thorough neuropsychological testing. Neurological soft signs (NSS), i.e. minor motor and sensory changes, a common feature in severe psychiatric disorders, may facilitate early diagnosis. NSS were examined using the Heidelberg NSS Scale in 18 patients with ANI, 21 with MND, 28 HIV positive patients without HAND, and 39 healthy controls matched for age, gender, and education...
August 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868826/normalization-of-soluble-cd163-after-institution-of-antiretroviral-therapy-during-acute-hiv-infection-tracks-with-fewer-neurological-abnormalities
#6
Michelle L D'Antoni, Mary Margaret Byron, Phillip Chan, Napapon Sailasuta, Carlo Sacdalan, Pasiri Sithinamsuwan, Somporn Tipsuk, Suteeraporn Pinyakorn, Eugene Kroon, Bonnie M Slike, Shelly J Krebs, Vedbar S Khadka, Thep Chalermchai, Kalpana J Kallianpur, Merlin Robb, Serena Spudich, Victor Valcour, Jintanat Ananworanich, Lishomwa C Ndhlovu
Background: Myeloid activation contributes to cognitive impairment in chronic HIV. We explored whether combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART) initiation during acute HIV-infection impacts CD163 shedding, a myeloid activation marker, and in turn, implications on the CNS. Methods: We measured soluble (s)CD163 in plasma and CSF by ELISA in Thais who initiated cART during acute HIV-infection (Fiebig stages I-IV). Examination of CNS involvement included neuropsychological testing and brain metabolites by MRS...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867723/what-is-the-role-of-the-placebo-effect-for-pain-relief-in-neurorehabilitation-clinical-implications-from-the-italian-consensus-conference-on-pain-in-neurorehabilitation
#7
REVIEW
Gianluca Castelnuovo, Emanuele Maria Giusti, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Donatella Saviola, Samantha Gabrielli, Marco Lacerenza, Giada Pietrabissa, Roberto Cattivelli, Chiara Anna Maria Spatola, Alessandro Rossi, Giorgia Varallo, Margherita Novelli, Valentina Villa, Francesca Luzzati, Andrea Cottini, Carlo Lai, Eleonora Volpato, Cesare Cavalera, Francesco Pagnini, Valentina Tesio, Lorys Castelli, Mario Tavola, Riccardo Torta, Marco Arreghini, Loredana Zanini, Amelia Brunani, Ionathan Seitanidis, Giuseppe Ventura, Paolo Capodaglio, Guido Edoardo D'Aniello, Federica Scarpina, Andrea Brioschi, Matteo Bigoni, Lorenzo Priano, Alessandro Mauro, Giuseppe Riva, Daniele Di Lernia, Claudia Repetto, Camillo Regalia, Enrico Molinari, Paolo Notaro, Stefano Paolucci, Giorgio Sandrini, Susan Simpson, Brenda Kay Wiederhold, Santino Gaudio, Jeffrey B Jackson, Stefano Tamburin, Fabrizio Benedetti
Background: It is increasingly acknowledged that the outcomes of medical treatments are influenced by the context of the clinical encounter through the mechanisms of the placebo effect. The phenomenon of placebo analgesia might be exploited to maximize the efficacy of neurorehabilitation treatments. Since its intensity varies across neurological disorders, the Italian Consensus Conference on Pain in Neurorehabilitation (ICCP) summarized the studies on this field to provide guidance on its use...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866282/history-diagnosis-and-management-of-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy
#8
REVIEW
P James B Dyck, Jennifer A Tracy
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is probably the best recognized progressive immune-mediated peripheral neuropathy. It is characterized by a symmetrical, motor-predominant peripheral neuropathy that produces both distal and proximal weakness. Large-fiber abnormalities (weakness and ataxia) predominate, whereas small-fiber abnormalities (autonomic and pain) are less common. The pathophysiology of CIDP is inflammatory demyelination that manifests as slowed conduction velocities, temporal dispersion, and conduction block on nerve conduction studies and as segmental demyelination, onion-bulb formation, and endoneurial inflammatory infiltrates on nerve biopsies...
June 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807880/increasing-interest-of-mass-communication-media-and-the-general-public-in-the-distribution-of-tweets-about-mental-disorders-observational-study
#9
Miguel Angel Alvarez-Mon, Angel Asunsolo Del Barco, Guillermo Lahera, Javier Quintero, Francisco Ferre, Victor Pereira-Sanchez, Felipe Ortuño, Melchor Alvarez-Mon
BACKGROUND: The contents of traditional communication media and new internet social media reflect the interests of society. However, certain barriers and a lack of attention towards mental disorders have been previously observed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to measure the relevance of influential American mainstream media outlets for the distribution of psychiatric information and the interest generated in these topics among their Twitter followers...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807146/stroke-cerebrovascular-diseases-and-vascular-cognitive-impairment-in-africa
#10
REVIEW
Rufus O Akinyemi, Mayowa O Owolabi, Masafumi Ihara, Albertino Damasceno, Adesola Ogunniyi, Catherine Dotchin, Stella-Maria Paddick, Julius Ogeng'o, Richard Walker, Raj N Kalaria
With increased numbers of older people a higher burden of neurological disorders worldwide is predicted. Stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases do not necessarily present with different phenotypes in Africa but their incidence is rising in tandem with the demographic change in the population. Age remains the strongest irreversible risk factor for stroke and cognitive impairment. Modifiable factors relating to vascular disease risk, diet, lifestyle, physical activity and psychosocial status play a key role in shaping the current spate of stroke related diseases in Africa...
May 25, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804534/lopinavir-ritonavir-treatment-induces-oxidative-stress-and-caspase-independent-apoptosis-in-human-glioblastoma-u-87-mg-cell-line
#11
Rossella Gratton, Paola Maura Tricarico, Rafael Lima Guimaraes, Fulvio Celsi, Sergio Crovella
BACKGROUND: Lopinavir and Ritonavir (LPV/r) treatment is widely used to prevent HIV mother-to-child transmission. Nevertheless, studies related to the impact of these compounds on patients, in particular in the foetus and newborns, are strictly required due to the controversial findings reported in the literature concerning possible neurologic side effects following the administration of these drugs. OBJECTIVES: In our study, we evaluated the impact of LPV/r treatment on the human glioblastoma U-87 MG cell line...
May 27, 2018: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791950/global-health-neurology-hiv-aids
#12
Payal B Patel, Serena S Spudich
With the advent of combination antiretroviral therapies, the mortality rate from HIV has declined, while the prevalence of long-term HIV-related neurologic complications continues to rise. Thirty-six million individuals are living with HIV around the world, many of whom reside in resource-limited settings. The majority of studies have focused on individuals residing in the developed world, while the impact of HIV disproportionately affects people living in developing countries. This review focuses on recent domestic and international studies regarding neurologic complications related to HIV, including opportunistic infections, peripheral neuropathy, cerebrovascular disease, and HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders, in light of the growing population affected by these conditions...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783991/admission-eeg-findings-in-diverse-paediatric-cerebral-malaria-populations-predict-outcomes
#13
Douglas G Postels, Xiaoting Wu, Chenxi Li, Peter W Kaplan, Karl B Seydel, Terrie E Taylor, Youssef A Kousa, Richard Idro, Robert Opoka, Chandy C John, Gretchen L Birbeck
BACKGROUND: Electroencephalography at hospital presentation may offer important insights regarding prognosis that can inform understanding of cerebral malaria (CM) pathophysiology and potentially guide patient selection and risk stratification for future clinical trials. Electroencephalogram (EEG) findings in children with CM in Uganda and Malawi were compared and associations between admission EEG findings and outcome across this diverse population were assessed. Demographic, clinical and admission EEG data from Ugandan and Malawian children admitted from 2009 to 2012 with CM were gathered, and survivors assessed for neurological abnormalities at discharge...
May 22, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768358/spastic-paraparesis-caused-by-x-linked-adrenoleukodystrophy-mimicking-vacuolar-myelopathy-in-a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-patient-a-case-report
#14
Jin-Sung Park, Donghwi Park
RATIONALE: Vacuolar myelopathy is one of most common cause of spastic paresis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD), which is a metabolic disorder caused by impairment of peroxisomal beta-oxidation of very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA), also manifests as various neurological deteriorations including adult onset spastic paraparesis. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no report of newly developed spastic paresis due to X-ALD in a patient with HIV infection...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747571/axonal-chronic-injury-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-adults-with-asymptomatic-neurocognitive-impairment-and-its-relationship-with-clinical-variables-and-cognitive-status
#15
Rui-Li Li, Jun Sun, Zhen-Chao Tang, Jing-Ji Zhang, Hong-Jun Li
BACKGROUND: HIV is a neurotropic virus, and it can bring about neurodegeneration and may even result in cognitive impairments. The precise mechanism of HIV-associated white matter (WM) injury is unknown. The effects of multiple clinical contributors on WM impairments and the relationship between the WM alterations and cognitive performance merit further investigation. METHODS: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was performed in 20 antiretroviral-naïve HIV-positive asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI) adults and 20 healthy volunteers...
May 10, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742062/global-perspective-of-novel-therapeutic-strategies-for-the-management-of-neuroaids
#16
Swatantra Kumar, Vimal K Maurya, Himanshu R Dandu, Madan Lb Bhatt, Shailendra K Saxena
Among Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals, around two-thirds of patients present with neuroAIDS, where HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND), and HIV-associated dementia (HAD) are the most prevailing neurological complications. The neuropathology of neuroAIDS can be characterized by the presence of HIV infected macrophages and microglia in the brain, with the formation of multinucleated giant cells. Global predominant subtypes of HIV-1 clade B and C infections influence the differential effect of immune and neuronal dysfunctions, leading to clade-specific clinical variation in neuroAIDS patient cohorts...
May 8, 2018: Biomolecular Concepts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740676/adverse-reactions-associated-with-first-line-regimens-in-patient-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy
#17
Jullye Campos Mendes, Palmira de Fátima Bonolo, Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato, Juliana de Oliveira Costa, Adriano Max Moreira Reis, Henrique Dos Santos, Micheline Rosa Silveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of adverse drug reactions (ADR) and associated factors during the use of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in patients initiating treatment. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective study conducted in three public referral services specialized in HIV/AIDS care in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Self-reported ADR and explanatory variables were obtained from face-to-face interview and from Information Systems...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739366/angiocentric-lymph-proliferative-disorder-lymphomatoid-granulomatosis-in-a-person-with-newly-diagnosed-hiv-infection-a-case-report
#18
Cecilia T Costiniuk, Jason Karamchandani, Ali Bessissow, Jean-Pierre Routy, Jason Szabo, Charles Frenette
BACKGROUND: Angiocentric lymph proliferative disorder (ALPD) is a granulomatous lymphoproliferative condition associated with various primary and secondary immunodeficiency states. ALPD is so rare that its prevalence has not been established. Typically affecting middle-aged adults, this condition is often found in the context of Epstein Bar Virus infection and consists of angiocentric and angioinvasive pulmonary infiltrates. Herein, we present a biopsy-proven case of a patient manifesting with a viral meningoencephalomyelitis-like picture with brain, spinal cord, renal and splenic lesions...
May 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738314/treatment-of-cryptococcosis-in-non-hiv-immunocompromised-patients
#19
Andrés F Henao-Martínez, Daniel B Chastain, Carlos Franco-Paredes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cryptococcosis has become a common opportunistic infection among non-HIV immunocompromised hosts. Recent reports have shown the incidence of Cryptococcosis among HIV-negative immunocompromised patients reaches close to half of the overall cases reported in the USA. Management of this infection in this population carries unique challenges. We aim to review relevant and recent research findings to develop treatment recommendations for this type of population. RECENT FINDINGS: Most of the recommendations for the management of non-HIV immunocompromised host are extrapolated from HIV studies...
May 5, 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737455/current-and-future-use-of-chloroquine-and-hydroxychloroquine-in-infectious-immune-neoplastic-and-neurological-diseases-a-mini-review
#20
REVIEW
Domenico Plantone, Tatiana Koudriavtseva
The process of finding new therapeutic indications for currently used drugs, defined as 'repurposing', is receiving growing attention. Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, with an original indication to prevent or cure malaria, have been successfully used to treat several infectious (HIV, Q fever, Whipple's disease, fungal infections), rheumatological (systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome), and other immunological diseases. Indeed, they have anti-inflammatory, immunomodulating, anti-infective, antithrombotic, and metabolic effects...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
keyword
keyword
81818
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"