Read by QxMD icon Read


Karin Cadwell, Cynthia Turner-Maffei, Anna Blair, Kajsa Brimdyr, Barbara OʼConnor
The World Breastfeeding Trends Initiative is an assessment process designed to facilitate an ongoing national appraisal of progress toward the goals of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)/World Health Organization (WHO) Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding. More than 80 countries have completed this national assessment, including the United States of America. This article describes the process undertaken by the US World Breastfeeding Trends Initiative team, the findings of the expert panel related to infant and young child feeding policies, programs, and practices and the ranking of the United States compared with the 83 other participating nations...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
Ken Cadwell, Jayanta Debnath
The identification of conserved autophagy-related proteins (ATGs) that mediate bulk degradation of cytosolic material laid the foundation for breakthroughs linking autophagy to a litany of physiological processes and disease conditions. Recent discoveries are revealing that these same ATGs orchestrate processes that are related to, and yet clearly distinct from, classic autophagy. Autophagy-related functions include secretion, trafficking of phagocytosed material, replication and egress of viral particles, and regulation of inflammatory and immune signaling cascades...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
Kajsa Brimdyr, Karin Cadwell, Jeni Stevens, Yuki Takahashi
Evidence supporting the practice of skin-to-skin contact and breastfeeding soon after birth points to physiologic, social, and psychological benefits for both mother and baby. The 2009 revision of Step 4 of the WHO/UNICEF "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" elaborated on the practice of skin-to-skin contact between the mother and her newly born baby indicating that the practice should be "immediate" and "without separation" unless documented medically justifiable reasons for delayed contact or interruption exist...
December 12, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Cathryn R Cadwell, Federico Scala, Shuang Li, Giulia Livrizzi, Shan Shen, Rickard Sandberg, Xiaolong Jiang, Andreas S Tolias
Neurons exhibit a rich diversity of morphological phenotypes, electrophysiological properties, and gene-expression patterns. Understanding how these different characteristics are interrelated at the single-cell level has been difficult because of the lack of techniques for multimodal profiling of individual cells. We recently developed Patch-seq, a technique that combines whole-cell patch-clamp recording, immunohistochemistry, and single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) to comprehensively profile single neurons from mouse brain slices...
December 2017: Nature Protocols
Linda Mathsson Alm, Donna L Fountain, Kevin K Cadwell, Ana Maria Madrigal, Gaia Gallo, Maryam Poorafshar
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the ability of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) tests to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis (RA), comparing the effect of manufacturer assay type, study design (single- and two-gated) and duration of disease (early vs. established). METHODS: We searched seven databases for relevant diagnostic studies containing data on CCP tests in known or suspected RA patients. We used a bivariate model to produce summary estimates for test sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratios...
January 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Yu Matsuzawa-Ishimoto, Seungmin Hwang, Ken Cadwell
The cellular degradative pathway of autophagy has a fundamental role in immunity. Here, we review the function of autophagy and autophagy proteins in inflammation. We discuss how the autophagy machinery controls the burden of infectious agents while simultaneously limiting inflammatory pathologies, which often involves processes that are distinct from conventional autophagy. Among the newly emerging processes we describe are LC3-associated phagocytosis and targeting by autophagy proteins, both of which require many of the same proteins that mediate conventional autophagy...
November 16, 2017: Annual Review of Immunology
Evelyn M S Litwinoff, Merav Y Gold, Karan Singh, Jiyuan Hu, Huilin Li, Ken Cadwell, Ann Marie Schmidt
BACKGROUND: An influx of lipid-loaded macrophages characterizes visceral adipose tissue (VAT) inflammation, which is an important factor in the development of insulin resistance (IR) in obesity. Depletion of macrophage lipids accompanies increased whole body insulin sensitivity, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. Deficiency of autophagy protein ATG16L1 is associated with increases in inflammatory diseases and lipid metabolism, but the connection between ATG16L1, IR, and obesity remains elusive...
November 2, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Yu Matsuzawa-Ishimoto, Yusuke Shono, Luis E Gomez, Vanessa M Hubbard-Lucey, Michael Cammer, Jessica Neil, M Zahidunnabi Dewan, Sophia R Lieberman, Amina Lazrak, Jill M Marinis, Allison Beal, Philip A Harris, John Bertin, Chen Liu, Yi Ding, Marcel R M van den Brink, Ken Cadwell
A variant of the autophagy gene ATG16L1 is associated with Crohn's disease, an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and poor survival in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. We demonstrate that ATG16L1 in the intestinal epithelium is essential for preventing loss of Paneth cells and exaggerated cell death in animal models of virally triggered IBD and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Intestinal organoids lacking ATG16L1 reproduced this loss in Paneth cells and displayed TNFα-mediated necroptosis, a form of programmed necrosis...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
Elena Olariu, Kevin K Cadwell, Elizabeth Hancock, David Trueman, Helene Chevrou-Severac
OBJECTIVE: Although Markov cohort models represent one of the most common forms of decision-analytic models used in health care decision-making, correct implementation of such models requires reliable estimation of transition probabilities. This study sought to identify consensus statements or guidelines that detail how such transition probability matrices should be estimated. METHODS: A literature review was performed to identify relevant publications in the following databases: Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and PubMed...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
Victoria E Ruiz, Thomas Battaglia, Zachary D Kurtz, Luc Bijnens, Amy Ou, Isak Engstrand, Xuhui Zheng, Tadasu Iizumi, Briana J Mullins, Christian L Müller, Ken Cadwell, Richard Bonneau, Guillermo I Perez-Perez, Martin J Blaser
Broad-spectrum antibiotics are frequently prescribed to children. Early childhood represents a dynamic period for the intestinal microbial ecosystem, which is readily shaped by environmental cues; antibiotic-induced disruption of this sensitive community may have long-lasting host consequences. Here we demonstrate that a single pulsed macrolide antibiotic treatment (PAT) course early in life is sufficient to lead to durable alterations to the murine intestinal microbiota, ileal gene expression, specific intestinal T-cell populations, and secretory IgA expression...
September 11, 2017: Nature Communications
Kevin Cadwell, Sherko S Niranji, Vanessa L Armstrong, Catherine A Mowbray, Richard Bailey, Kellie A Watson, Judith Hall
BACKGROUND: The importance of poultry as a global source of protein underpins the chicken genome and associated SNP data as key tools in selecting and breeding healthy robust birds with improved disease resistance. SNPs affecting host peptides involved in the innate defences tend to be rare, but three non-synonymous SNPs in the avian β-defensin (AvBD1) gene encoding the variant peptides NYH, SSY and NYY were identified that segregated specifically to three lines of commercial broiler chickens Line X (LX), Line Y(LY) and Line Z...
August 18, 2017: BMC Genomics
Liqun Chen, Alexander E Aleshin, Gulimiran Alitongbieke, Yuqi Zhou, Xindao Zhang, Xiaohong Ye, Mengjie Hu, Gaoang Ren, Ziwen Chen, Yue Ma, Duo Zhang, Shuai Liu, Weiwei Gao, Lijun Cai, Lingjuan Wu, Zhiping Zeng, Fuquan Jiang, Jie Liu, Hu Zhou, Gregory Cadwell, Robert C Liddington, Ying Su, Xiao-Kun Zhang
Retinoid X receptor-alpha (RXRα) binds to DNA either as homodimers or heterodimers, but it also forms homotetramers whose function is poorly defined. We previously discovered that an N-terminally-cleaved form of RXRα (tRXRα), produced in tumour cells, activates phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signalling by binding to the p85α subunit of PI3K and that K-80003, an anti-cancer agent, inhibits this process. Here, we report through crystallographic and biochemical studies that K-80003 binds to and stabilizes tRXRα tetramers via a 'three-pronged' combination of canonical and non-canonical mechanisms...
July 17, 2017: Nature Communications
Cathryn R Cadwell, Rickard Sandberg, Xiaolong Jiang, Andreas S Tolias
Individual neurons vary widely in terms of their gene expression, morphology, and electrophysiological properties. While many techniques exist to study single-cell variability along one or two of these dimensions, very few techniques can assess all three features for a single cell. We recently developed Patch-seq, which combines whole-cell patch clamp recording with single-cell RNA-sequencing and immunohistochemistry to comprehensively profile the transcriptomic, morphologic, and physiologic features of individual neurons...
July 6, 2017: BMC Biology
Linda Lee, Duncan Reid, Jill Cadwell, Priya Palmer
BACKGROUND/PURPOSES: Prospective studies utilizing standardized injury and exposure measures are needed to consolidate our knowledge of injury incidence and associated risk factors for musculoskeletal injury amongst pre-professional dancers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the injury incidence amongst pre-professional dancers attending a fulltime training school in New Zealand. The secondary purposes of this study were to investigate the relationship between dance exposure and injury risk, and the relationship between risk factors (specifically the MCS outcome scores) and injury risk...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Matthew J Hayat, Amanda Powell, Tessa Johnson, Betsy L Cadwell
Statistical literacy and knowledge is needed to read and understand the public health literature. The purpose of this study was to quantify basic and advanced statistical methods used in public health research. We randomly sampled 216 published articles from seven top tier general public health journals. Studies were reviewed by two readers and a standardized data collection form completed for each article. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and frequency distributions. Results were summarized for statistical methods used in the literature, including descriptive and inferential statistics, modeling, advanced statistical techniques, and statistical software used...
2017: PloS One
Themis Alissafi, Aggelos Banos, Louis Boon, Tim Sparwasser, Alessandra Ghigo, Kajsa Wing, Dimitrios Vassilopoulos, Dimitrios Boumpas, Triantafyllos Chavakis, Ken Cadwell, Panayotis Verginis
Design of efficacious Treg-based therapies and establishment of clinical tolerance in autoimmune diseases have proven to be challenging. The clinical implementation of Treg immunotherapy has been hampered by various impediments related to the stability and isolation procedures of Tregs as well as the specific in vivo targets of Treg modalities. Herein, we have demonstrated that Foxp3+ Tregs potently suppress autoimmune responses in vivo through inhibition of the autophagic machinery in DCs in a cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4-dependent (CTLA4-dependent) manner...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Emily Drake, Karin Cadwell, Joan E Dodgson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Nursing Outlook
Stephanie M Stanford, Alexander E Aleshin, Vida Zhang, Robert J Ardecky, Michael P Hedrick, Jiwen Zou, Santhi R Ganji, Matthew R Bliss, Fusayo Yamamoto, Andrey A Bobkov, Janna Kiselar, Yingge Liu, Gregory W Cadwell, Shilpi Khare, Jinghua Yu, Antonio Barquilla, Thomas D Y Chung, Tomas Mustelin, Simon Schenk, Laurie A Bankston, Robert C Liddington, Anthony B Pinkerton, Nunzio Bottini
Obesity-associated insulin resistance plays a central role in type 2 diabetes. As such, tyrosine phosphatases that dephosphorylate the insulin receptor (IR) are potential therapeutic targets. The low-molecular-weight protein tyrosine phosphatase (LMPTP) is a proposed IR phosphatase, yet its role in insulin signaling in vivo has not been defined. Here we show that global and liver-specific LMPTP deletion protects mice from high-fat diet-induced diabetes without affecting body weight. To examine the role of the catalytic activity of LMPTP, we developed a small-molecule inhibitor with a novel uncompetitive mechanism, a unique binding site at the opening of the catalytic pocket, and an exquisite selectivity over other phosphatases...
June 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
E Adkins, K Cadwell, N Pooley, D Fox, D Floyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
K Cadwell, N Pooley, E Olariu, G Jones, C Papageorgakopoulou, D Fox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"