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psychiatric care during disasters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858501/experiences-in-disaster-related-mental-health-relief-work-an-exploratory-model-for-the-interprofessional-training-of-psychological-relief-workers
#1
ZhengJia Ren, HongTao Wang, Wei Zhang
The purpose of this study was to begin to generate an exploratory model of the disaster-related mental health education process associated with the training experiences of psychological relief workers active during the Sichuan earthquake in China. The data consisted of semi-structured interviews with 20 psychological relief workers from four different professions (social workers, psychiatric nurses, psychiatrists, and counsellors) regarding their experiences in training and ideas for improvement. The model explains the need to use a people-centred community interprofessional education approach, which focuses on role-modelling of the trainer, caring for relief workers, paying attention to the needs of the trainee, and building systematic interprofessional education strategies...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640612/the-home-team-evaluating-the-effect-of-an-ems-based-outreach-team-to-decrease-the-frequency-of-911-use-among-high-utilizers-of-ems
#2
Niels Tangherlini, Julian Villar, John Brown, Robert M Rodriguez, Clement Yeh, Benjamin T Friedman, Paul Wada
OBJECTIVES: The San Francisco Fire Department's (SFFD; San Francisco, California USA) Homeless Outreach and Medical Emergency (HOME) Team is the United States' first Emergency Medical Services (EMS)-based outreach effort using a specially trained paramedic to redirect frequent users of EMS to other types of services. The effectiveness of this program at reducing repeat use of emergency services during the first seven months of the team's existence was examined. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of EMS use frequency and demographic characteristics of frequent users was conducted...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27292172/temporal-and-spatial-patterns-in-utilization-of-mental-health-services-during-and-after-hurricane-sandy-emergency-department-and-inpatient-hospitalizations-in-new-york-city
#3
Fangtao Tony He, Nneka Lundy De La Cruz, Donald Olson, Sungwoo Lim, Amber Levanon Seligson, Gerod Hall, Jillian Jessup, Charon Gwynn
OBJECTIVE: Hurricane Sandy made landfall on October 29, 2012, causing a coastal storm surge and extensive flooding, which led to the closure of several health care facilities in New York City (NYC) and prolonged interruptions in service delivery. The impact on mental health-related emergency department (ED) and inpatient hospital service utilization was studied. METHODS: Data came from the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System. We obtained mental health-related data among NYC residents from 2010 to 2013...
June 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27036731/a-pilot-initiative-to-deliver-community-based-psychiatric-services-in-rural-haiti-after-the-2010-earthquake
#4
David J Grelotti, Amy C Lee, Joseph Reginald Fils-Aimé, Jacques Solon Jean, Tatiana Therosmé, Handy Petit-Homme, Catherine M Oswald, Giuseppe Raviola, Eddy Eustache
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, there is a gap between the burden of mental distress and disorder and access to mental health care. This gap is particularly large in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). After the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, the international health care organizations Partners in Health and Zanmi Lasante worked to expand local mental health services in rural Haiti. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study are to describe clinical characteristics of the patients served during a pilot project to deliver community-based psychiatric services in rural Haiti and to show how this experience complements the Mental Health Gap Action Programme ("mhGAP"), a tool developed by the World Health Organization to support mental health care delivery by nonspecialists in LMICs...
September 2015: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26876459/emergency-responses-and-health-consequences-after-the-fukushima-accident-evacuation-and-relocation
#5
REVIEW
A Hasegawa, T Ohira, M Maeda, S Yasumura, K Tanigawa
The Fukushima accident was a compounding disaster following the strong earthquake and huge tsunami. The direct health effects of radiation were relatively well controlled considering the severity of the accident, not only among emergency workers but also residents. Other serious health issues include deaths during evacuation, collapse of the radiation emergency medical system, increased mortality among displaced elderly people and public healthcare issues in Fukushima residents. The Fukushima mental health and lifestyle survey disclosed that the Fukushima accident caused severe psychological distress in the residents from evacuation zones...
April 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26150363/disaster-response-and-people-experiencing-homelessness-addressing-challenges-of-a-population-with-limited-resources
#6
REVIEW
Bryan Wexler, Mary-Elise Smith
In this article the authors provide an overview of some issues that inhibit disaster planning and response for people experiencing homelessness and discuss the planning process conducted for this population in Worcester, MA. People experiencing homelessness face numerous challenges in preparing for disasters both natural and human caused. Similarly, providers attempting to aid these individuals must recognize and overcome various factors that hamper efforts to provide assistance. People experiencing homelessness lack the general resources many in the United States take for granted, including food, shelter, communication methods, and transportation...
May 2015: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24656058/natural-disasters-and-myocardial-infarction-the-six-years-after-hurricane-katrina
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Matthew N Peters, John C Moscona, Morgan J Katz, Kevin B Deandrade, Henry C Quevedo, Sumit Tiwari, Andrew R Burchett, Thomas A Turnage, Kanwar Y Singh, Edmond N Fomunung, Sudesh Srivastav, Patrice Delafontaine, Anand M Irimpen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prolonged effect of Hurricane Katrina on the incidence and timing of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the city of New Orleans. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study population consisted of 1476 patients with AMI before (August 29, 1999, to August 28, 2005) and after (February 14, 2006, to February 13, 2012) Hurricane Katrina at Tulane University Health Sciences Center to determine post-Katrina alterations in the occurrence and timing of AMI...
April 2014: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22883131/epidemiological-surveillance-linked-to-an-outreach-psychological-support-program-after-the-xynthia-storm-in-charente-maritime-france-2010
#8
Marie-Eve Raguenaud, Philippe Germonneau, Jackie Leseigneur, Jean-Jacques Chavagnat, Yvon Motreff, Martine Vivier-Darrigol, Philippe Pirard
INTRODUCTION: Following the Xynthia storm of February 2010 in France, an outreach program was initiated by the regional health authorities during the post-emergency phase to improve access to mental health care for the population exposed to the floods. The program was designed to complement routine health and social care services. It relied on a special telephone service and outreach consultations located in the town halls of the five most affected cities. The objective of this outreach service was to provide initial psychological counseling free of charge and without appointment...
October 2012: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21900416/trauma-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-employees-of-new-york-city-companies-affected-by-the-september-11-2001-attacks-on-the-world-trade-center
#9
Carol S North, David E Pollio, Rebecca P Smith, Richard V King, Anand Pandya, Alina M Surís, Barry A Hong, Denis J Dean, Nancy E Wallace, Daniel B Herman, Sarah Conover, Ezra Susser, Betty Pfefferbaum
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have provided prevalence estimates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to the September 11, 2001 (9/11) attacks in broadly affected populations, although without sufficiently addressing qualifying exposures required for assessing PTSD and estimating its prevalence. A premise that people throughout the New York City area were exposed to the attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) towers and are thus at risk for developing PTSD has important implications for both prevalence estimates and service provision...
September 2011: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21838059/persistence-of-mental-health-needs-among-children-affected-by-hurricane-katrina-in-new-orleans
#10
Alina Olteanu, Ruth Arnberger, Roy Grant, Caroline Davis, David Abramson, Jaya Asola
BACKGROUND: Hurricane Katrina made landfall in August 2005 and destroyed the infrastructure ofNew Orleans. Mass evacuation ensued. The immediate and long-lasting impact of these events on the mental health of children have been reported in survey research. This study was done to describe the nature of mental health need of children during the four years after Hurricane Katrina using clinical data from a comprehensive healthcare program. Medical and mental health services were delivered on mobile clinics that traveled to medically underserved communities on a regular schedule beginning immediately after the hurricane...
February 2011: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21518712/pediatric-and-adolescent-mental-health-emergencies-in-the-emergency-medical-services-system
#11
REVIEW
Margaret A Dolan, Joel A Fein
Emergency department (ED) health care professionals often care for patients with previously diagnosed psychiatric illnesses who are ill, injured, or having a behavioral crisis. In addition, ED personnel encounter children with psychiatric illnesses who may not present to the ED with overt mental health symptoms. Staff education and training regarding identification and management of pediatric mental health illness can help EDs overcome the perceived limitations of the setting that influence timely and comprehensive evaluation...
May 2011: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21476900/challenges-for-mental-health-services-raised-by-disaster-preparedness-mapping-the-ethical-and-therapeutic-terrain
#12
Peter V Rabins, Nancy E Kass, Lainie Rutkow, Jon S Vernick, James G Hodge
Identifying vulnerable groups and ensuring that their needs are met during disasters--whether naturally occurring or manmade--are vital aspects of preparedness planning. Developing preparedness strategies that are responsive to those at greatest risk is a moral mandate, justified by the principles of beneficence, justice, and respect for autonomy. Individuals with preexisting mental disorders and newly emergent psychological symptoms are particularly vulnerable to adverse outcomes during and after disasters...
June 2011: Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20629281/-psychological-care-during-disasters-through-the-experience-during-the-2004-niigata-chuetsu-earthquake
#13
Toshiki Shioiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2010: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20522707/post-katrina-perinatal-mood-and-the-use-of-alternative-therapies
#14
Jane Savage, Gloria Giarratano, Rosa Bustamante-Forest, Christine Pollock, Alfred Robichaux, Simone Pitre
PURPOSE AND DESIGN: The purpose of this cross-sectional, exploratory study is to describe perinatal moods and complementary alternative therapy (CAT) use among childbearing women living in New Orleans, post-Hurricane Katrina. How women coped with the disaster with limited access to mental health services was not known. METHOD: A convenience sample of 199 postpartal/expectant mothers completed two questionnaires. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale measured risk for perinatal depression (>10 for depression risk) and the Perinatal Alternative Therapy Index (PATI) obtained subjects' self-perceived overall scores for anxiety and overall mood, frequency and type of use of alternative therapies, and health behaviors...
June 2010: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19909440/volunteer-experiences-in-community-housing-during-the-great-hanshin-awaji-earthquake-japan
#15
Mayumi Kako, Sugako Ikeda
The recovery phase of disasters is long term and the victims require intensive support. Experiences in disasters can be traumatic and affect people physically and psychologically. Recovery is not only about the rebuilding of infrastructure in the affected area but also about the rehabilitation of people and the rebuilding of their life. The importance of long-term mental health care after disasters has been emphasized in the literature and the authors' volunteer participation during the Japanese Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995 reinforced its importance...
December 2009: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19247834/mental-symptoms-in-different-health-professionals-during-the-sars-attack-a-follow-up-study
#16
For-Wey Lung, Yi-Ching Lu, Yong-Yuan Chang, Bih-Ching Shu
AIM: The aims of the study were to assess the psychological impact of SARS bio-disaster on healthcare workers. METHODS: The participants were 127 healthcare workers who had taken care of suspected SARS patients. All participants completed the Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, and Parental Bonding Instrument at the first stage and the CHQ again a year later. RESULTS: Healthcare workers that had mental symptoms at follow-up reported the symptoms were associated with daily-life stress and not the SARS crisis...
June 2009: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18666511/the-impact-of-the-tsunami-on-hospitalizations-at-the-tertiary-care-hospital-in-the-southern-province-of-sri-lanka
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Truls Ostbye, Thyagi Ponnamperuma, Nayana Fernando, Vathsala Abeygunawardena, W A A Wijayasiri, Jodi J Chen, Christopher W Woods
OBJECTIVE: Sri Lanka's human, physical, social, and economic resources suffered a massive impact after the tsunami of December 26, 2004. To assist in preparing for future disasters, the authors sought to characterize the pattern of hospitalizations from the main impact zone in the Southern Province. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Patients admitted to Teaching Hospital, Karapitiya, the only tertiary care hospital in the Southern Province...
May 2008: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18053678/-the-august-2003-heat-wave-in-france-effects-on-psychiatric-disorders-and-suicidal-behavior
#18
Delphine Morali, Louis Jehel, Sabrina Paterniti
INTRODUCTION: The psychological consequences of a disaster are usually analyzed in terms of their immediate impact, but since September 11, 2001, several studies have examined its effects on suicidal behavior. The aim of our survey was to analyze the associations between psychiatric disorders in a population and the heat wave that hit France in August 2003, during which 14,000 more people died than in comparable periods. METHODS: We studied a population of patients seeking emergency psychiatric care at a general hospital in Paris...
February 2008: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18049228/psychological-and-perceived-health-effects-of-the-chernobyl-disaster-a-20-year-review
#19
REVIEW
Evelyn J Bromet, Johan M Havenaar
The mental health impact of Chernobyl is regarded by many experts as the largest public health problem unleashed by the accident to date. This paper reviews findings reported during the 20-y period after the accident regarding stress-related symptoms, effects on the developing brain, and cognitive and psychological impairments among highly exposed cleanup workers. With respect to stress-related symptoms, the rates of depressive, anxiety (especially post-traumatic stress symptoms), and medically unexplained physical symptoms are two to four times higher in Chernobyl-exposed populations compared to controls, although rates of diagnosable psychiatric disorders do not appear to be elevated...
November 2007: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17894210/managing-mild-casualties-in-mass-casualty-incidents-lessons-learned-from-an-aborted-terrorist-attack
#20
Yuval H Bloch, Adi Leiba, Nurit Veaacnin, Yohanan Paizer, Dagan Schwartz, Ahuva Kraskas, Gali Weiss, Avishay Goldberg, Yaron Bar-Dayan
INTRODUCTION: Mildly injured and "worried well" patients can have profound effects on the management of a mass-casualty incident. The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics and lessons learned from an event that occurred on 28 August 2005 near the central bus station in Beer-Sheva, Israel. The unique profile of injuries allows for the examination of the medical and operational aspects of the management of mild casualties. METHODS: Data were collected during and after the event, using patient records and formal debriefings...
May 2007: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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