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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822049/prevalence-and-related-factors-of-psychological-distress-among-cancer-inpatients-using-routine-distress-thermometer-and-chinese-health-questionnaire-screening
#1
Yu-Jie Chiou, Nien-Mu Chiu, Liang-Jen Wang, Shau-Hsuan Li, Chun-Yi Lee, Ming-Kung Wu, Chien-Chih Chen, Yi-Shan Wu, Yu Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines suggest routine screening for distress among cancer patients for immediate early psychiatric care. However, previous studies focusing on routine screening for psychological distress among cancer inpatients in Taiwan are scant. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and related factors of psychological distress and mental illness among cancer inpatients in Taiwan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a retrospective chart review in a general hospital in southern Taiwan...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383853/missed-opportunities-for-health-promotion-intervention-in-the-management-of-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome
#2
Jessica Johnson, David E Wilson, Bennett P deBoisblanc
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize utilization of evidence-based health promotion practices not included in Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS) guidelines, such as vaccinations and counseling services, hypothesizing that missed opportunities for health promotion intervention would abound. METHODS: Retrospective medical record review of 99 patients presenting to a safety-net academic medical center with AWS between August 1, 2012 and March 31, 2013. RESULTS: Thiamine replacement (70%), tobacco cessation counseling (28%), influenza or pneumonia vaccination (25% and 28% respectively), psychiatric counseling (70%), referral to alcohol support group or treatment center(40%), and screening for viral hepatitis and HIV (39% and 44%, respectively) were documented by healthcare providers at lower than optimal frequency...
March 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342215/community-based-rehabilitation-intervention-for-people-with-schizophrenia-in-ethiopia-rise-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Laura Asher, Mary De Silva, Charlotte Hanlon, Helen A Weiss, Rahel Birhane, Dawit A Ejigu, Girmay Medhin, Vikram Patel, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Care for most people with schizophrenia is best delivered in the community and evidence-based guidelines recommend combining both medication and a psychosocial intervention, such as community-based rehabilitation. There is emerging evidence that community-based rehabilitation for schizophrenia is effective at reducing disability in middle-income country settings, yet there is no published evidence on the effectiveness in settings with fewer mental health resources. This paper describes the protocol of a study that aims to evaluate the effectiveness of community-based rehabilitation as an adjunct to health facility-based care in rural Ethiopia...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138771/missed-opportunities-for-health-promotion-intervention-in-the-management-of-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome
#4
Jessica Johnson PharmD, David E Wilson PharmD, Bennett P deBoisblanc Md
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize utilization of evidence-based health promotion practices not included in Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS) guidelines, such as vaccinations and counseling services, hypothesizing that missed opportunities for health promotion intervention would abound. METHODS: Retrospective medical record review of 99 patients presenting to a safety-net academic medical center with AWS between August 1, 2012 and March 31, 2013. RESULTS: Thiamine replacement (70%), tobacco cessation counseling (28%), influenza or pneumonia vaccination (25% and 28% respectively), psychiatric counseling (70%), referral to alcohol support group or treatment center(40%), and screening for viral hepatitis and HIV (39% and 44%, respectively) were documented by healthcare providers at lower than optimal frequency...
March 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26994436/clinical-management-following-self-harm-in-a-uk-wide-primary-care-cohort
#5
Matthew J Carr, Darren M Ashcroft, Evangelos Kontopantelis, David While, Yvonne Awenat, Jayne Cooper, Carolyn Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur, Roger T Webb
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the clinical management of patients in primary care following self-harm. METHODS: A descriptive cohort study using data from 684 UK general practices that contributed to the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) during 2001-2013. We identified 49,970 patients with a self-harm episode, 41,500 of whom had one complete year of follow-up. RESULTS: Among those with complete follow-up, 26,065 (62.8%, 62.3-63...
June 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881859/pharmacotherapy-of-aggression-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders
#6
Tina Gurnani, Iliyan Ivanov, Jeffrey H Newcorn
OBJECTIVE: Aggression is a common, yet complex, behavioral complaint, and a frequent indication for referral to child and adolescent psychiatrist treatment. This article reviews the evidence supporting pharmacotherapy of aggression in youth, with a primary focus on impulsive aggression (the primary indication for this intervention). Relevant diagnostic considerations and consensus guidelines are discussed. METHODS: Articles examining the role of medications in the treatment of aggression in youth with pathological aggression were identified using PubMed and MEDLINE® databases over the past 15 years (2000-2015); selected articles published prior to 2000 and deemed to be of high relevance were searched and also included...
February 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880075/maternal-mental-health-in-primary-care-in-five-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-situational-analysis
#7
Emily C Baron, Charlotte Hanlon, Sumaya Mall, Simone Honikman, Erica Breuer, Tasneem Kathree, Nagendra P Luitel, Juliet Nakku, Crick Lund, Girmay Medhin, Vikram Patel, Inge Petersen, Sanjay Shrivastava, Mark Tomlinson
BACKGROUND: The integration of maternal mental health into primary health care has been advocated to reduce the mental health treatment gap in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study reports findings of a cross-country situation analysis on maternal mental health and services available in five LMICs, to inform the development of integrated maternal mental health services integrated into primary health care. METHODS: The situation analysis was conducted in five districts in Ethiopia, India, Nepal, South Africa and Uganda, as part of the Programme for Improving Mental Health Care (PRIME)...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26828376/gender-dysphoria-in-adolescence
#8
Scott Leibowitz, Annelou L C de Vries
Adolescents presenting with gender-related concerns are increasingly seeking support from providers from a variety of disciplines within health care settings across the world. For those treating young people who meet the criteria for the DSM 5 diagnosis of gender dysphoria (GD), complex decisions in clinical care are common. Defining best practice with this population with respect to interventions that span mental health, physical, and surgical domains can be challenging, given a relative dearth of empirical data available; yet practice guidelines have emerged from different professional organizations which can aid with this...
2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26587055/effective-management-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-through-structured-re-assessment-the-dundee-adhd-clinical-care-pathway
#9
David Coghill, Sarah Seth
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has become a major aspect of the work of child and adolescent psychiatrists and paediatricians in the UK. In Scotland, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services were required to address an increase in referral rates and changes in evidence-based medicine and guidelines without additional funding. In response to this, clinicians in Dundee have, over the past 15 years, pioneered the use of integrated psychiatric, paediatric, nursing, occupational therapy, dietetic and psychological care with the development of a clearly structured, evidence-based assessment and treatment pathway to provide effective therapy for children and adolescents with ADHD...
2015: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26522782/-primary-care-and-mental-health-care-collaboration-in-patients-with-depression-evaluation-of-a-pilot-experience
#10
Carlos Calderón, Laura Balagué, Álvaro Iruin, Ander Retolaza, Jon Belaunzaran, Javier Basterrechea, Isabel Mosquera
OBJECTIVE: To implement and assess a collaborative experience between Primary Care (PC) and Mental Health (MH) in order to improve the care of patients with depression. DESIGN: Pilot collaborative project from a participatory action research approach during 2013. LOCATION: Basque Country. Osakidetza (Basque Health Service). Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 207 professionals from general practice, nursing, psychiatry, psychiatric nursing, psychology and social work of 9 health centres and 6 mental health centres of Osakidetza...
June 2016: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26376981/psychiatric-liaison-consultations-of-patients-without-psychiatric-illness-in-a-general-hospital-in-germany-a-retrospective-analysis
#11
Maria Fißler, Arnim Quante
The aim of the study was to explore the utilization of consultation-liaison psychiatric (CLP) service among nonpsychiatric patients in a general hospital. A retrospective analysis was conducted on all patients seen by the CLP in 2013. In 66 (5.9 %) of these 1112 consultations, no psychiatric diagnosis could be identified. These cases were analyzed by department of referral, assumed psychiatric symptoms, consensus with the symptoms found by the CLP, and recommended procedures. Assumed depressive symptoms, suicidal ideations and "difficult" behavior were the predominant reasons for CLP referrals...
November 2015: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26224700/improving-quality-of-a-rural-camhs-service-using-the-choice-and-partnership-approach
#12
Jonine Naughton, Soumya Basu, Frank O'Dowd, Matthew Carroll, Darryl Maybery
OBJECTIVE: This study outlines the service issues and adjustments associated with the implementation of Choice and Partnership Approach (CAPA) into a rural Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS). METHOD: A mixed-methods approach examined the impacts of the CAPA implementation. A qualitative review of the minutes from team and implementation group meetings illustrated themes according to 11 key CAPA components. Quantitative internal audit data illustrated waiting list times...
October 2015: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26133812/borderline-personality-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-early-infant-and-maternal-outcomes
#13
Gaynor Blankley, Megan Galbally, Martien Snellen, Josephine Power, Andrew J Lewis
OBJECTIVE: This study examines pregnancy and early infant outcomes of pregnant women with a clinical diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder presenting for obstetric services to a major metropolitan maternity hospital in Victoria, Australia. METHOD: A retrospective case review of pregnancy and early infant outcomes on 42 women who had been diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder via psychiatric assessment using DSM-IV-R criteria was undertaken. Outcomes were compared with a control group of 14,313 consisting of women and infants of non-affected women from the same hospital over the same period of time...
December 2015: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26082608/delusional-infestation-are-you-being-bugged
#14
Angeli Thakkar, Kenneth Gj Ooi, Nagi Assaad, Minas Coroneo
This case report documents a 58-year-old male who presented to the clinic with a 12-month history of a burrowing sensation in his eyelids that he attributed to a parasitic infestation. After being extensively investigated and reviewed by relevant specialties, no evidence of parasitic infestation was found. He was diagnosed with and treated for blepharitis. Psychiatric referral for presumed delusional infestation (DI) was recommended. Despite this, he remained insistent in his belief of infestation, and was inevitably lost to follow-up...
2015: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26036884/poor-quality-of-referral-from-mental-to-somatic-hospitals
#15
Lise Sofie Bislev, Jytte Mortensen, Lea Nørgreen Gustafsson, Søren Gregersen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
INTRODUCTION: Concomitant somatic and mental illness is associated with excess mortality compared with the general population. To prevent this, a number of health initiatives relating to somatic illness in psychiatric patients have recently been introduced. One of the means used to screen for and treat somatic disease in psychiatric patients is highly qualified referral for somatic specialist assessment. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of referral of psychiatric patients to specialists in internal medicine...
June 2015: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25917541/-feasibility-of-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-in-a-large-general-hospital-quantitative-description-of-services-and-personnel-expenditure
#16
Elmar Windhager, Katharina Thaler, Wilia Vasiliki Selberis-Vahl, Petra Friedl-Wörgetter, Isabella Windhager, Katharina Zauner
BACKGROUND: The integration of psychiatric departments in general hospitals lead to an increasing demand of psychiatric consultation, which often overstrains personnel resources of short staffed psychiatric services. To provide consulting service, as it is demanded by guidelines, a multidisciplinary consulting team could be a possible solution. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive analysis of all consultations made by the psychosocial consultation and liaison service at the general hospital Wels-Grieskirchen in the years 2012 and 2013...
2015: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25873995/two-years-of-gender-identity-service-for-minors-overrepresentation-of-natal-girls-with-severe-problems-in-adolescent-development
#17
Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Maria Sumia, Marja Työläjärvi, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of adolescents present in adolescent gender identity services, desiring sex reassignment (SR). The aim of this study is to describe the adolescent applicants for legal and medical sex reassignment during the first two years of adolescent gender identity team in Finland, in terms of sociodemographic, psychiatric and gender identity related factors and adolescent development. METHODS: Structured quantitative retrospective chart review and qualitative analysis of case files of all adolescent SR applicants who entered the assessment by the end of 2013...
2015: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25856777/somatic-cough-syndrome-previously-referred-to-as-psychogenic-cough-and-tic-cough-previously-referred-to-as-habit-cough-in-adults-and-children-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#18
REVIEW
Anne E Vertigan, Mohammad H Murad, Tamara Pringsheim, Anthony Feinstein, Anne B Chang, Peter A Newcombe, Bruce K Rubin, Lorcan P McGarvey, Kelly Weir, Kenneth W Altman, Miles Weinberger, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: We conducted a systematic review on the management of psychogenic cough, habit cough, and tic cough to update the recommendations and suggestions of the 2006 guideline on this topic. METHODS: We followed the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodologic guidelines and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation framework. The Expert Cough Panel based their recommendations on data from the systematic review, patients' values and preferences, and the clinical context...
July 2015: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25823350/-comparison-of-care-for-perinatal-mental-health-between-japan-and-other-countries
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Tadaharu Okano
Various types of mood, anxiety, and psychotic disorder are seen in the perinatal period. Recently, evidence regarding risk factors and the onset time of such psychiatric disorders has been reported. Local care service systems that can predict or detect high-risk women early are desirable. Furthermore, a specialist multidisciplinary perinatal mental health service should be established in each locality, providing regular services, consultation, and advice to promote maternity, other mental health, and community services...
2014: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25823349/-introduction-of-british-guidelines-in-perinatal-mental-healthcare-towards-enhancing-the-function-of-perinatal-mental-healthcare-in-japan
#20
Toshihito Suzuki
Professionals in many different occupations, from psychiatrists, obstetricians, and pediatricians to nurses, midwives, pharmacists, clinical psychologists, public health nurses, and psychiatric social workers, are involved in perinatal mental healthcare. In order to enhance the function of such healthcare, it is necessary both to provide specialized training in each occupation and form a system and to smoothly conduct medical collaboration between different occupations. A deficiency in the medical function of perinatal mental healthcare greatly influences the mother and child's health, mental hygiene, and social life later in life...
2014: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
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