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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927094/genomic-markers-of-ovarian-adenocarcinoma-and-its-relevancy-to-the-effectiveness-of-chemotherapy
#1
Monika Englert-Golon, Bartosz Burchardt, Bartlomiej Budny, Szymon Dębicki, Blanka Majchrzycka, Elzbieta Wrotkowska, Piotr Jasiński, Katarzyna Ziemnicka, Radosław Słopień, Marek Ruchała, Stefan Sajdak
Ovarian cancer is the eighth most common cancer and the seventh highest cause of cancer-associated mortality in women worldwide. It is the second highest cause of mortality among female reproductive malignancies. The current standard first-line treatment for advanced ovarian cancer includes a combination of surgical debulking and standard systemic platinum-based chemotherapy with carboplatin and paclitaxel. Although a deeper understanding of this disease has been attained, relapse occurs in 70% of patients 18 months subsequent to the first-line treatment...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925672/screening-for-gynecologic-conditions-with-pelvic-examination
#2
Tina Fan, Adaugo Amobi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925671/screening-for-gynecologic-conditions-with-pelvic-examination-recommendation-statement
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918603/tumor-markers-of-uterine-cervical-cancer-a-new-scenario-to-guide-surgical-practice
#4
REVIEW
Gaetano Valenti, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Alessandro Tropea, Antonio Biondi, Antonio Simone Laganà
Since the introduction of Pap smear screening, the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer (CC) have been reduced drastically in USA and in other western states. Nevertheless, CC still remains the main cause of death from gynecological cancer in developing countries where screening programs are scant or inexistent. This evidence highlights the efficacy of screening, and the wide use of Human Papilloma Viruses (HPV) vaccines in developed countries. More and more people are, consequentially, undergoing a screening procedure, usually combined with HPV DNA test, increasing the early diagnosis of intraepithelial HPV-related lesions...
September 16, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917021/gynecologic-cancer-mortality-in-trinidad-and-tobago-and-comparisons-of-mortality-to-incidence-rate-ratios-across-global-regions
#5
Adana A M Llanos, Wayne A Warner, Silvana Luciani, Tammy Y Lee, Smriti Bajracharya, Simeon Slovacek, Veronica Roach, Marjorie Lamont-Greene
PURPOSE: To examine the factors associated with gynecologic cancer mortality risks, to estimate the mortality-to-incidence rate ratios (MIR) in Trinidad and Tobago (TT), and to compare the MIRs to those of select countries. METHODS: Data on 3,915 incident gynecologic cancers reported to the National Cancer Registry of TT from 1 January 1995 to 31 December 2009 were analyzed using proportional hazards models to determine factors associated with mortality. MIRs for cervical, endometrial, and ovarian cancers were calculated using cancer registry data (TT), GLOBOCAN 2012 incidence data, and WHO Mortality Database 2012 data (WHO regions and select countries)...
September 15, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913147/summary-of-2185-prenatal-invasive-procedures-in-a-single-center-a-retrospective-analysis
#6
Hüseyin Çağlayan Özcan, Mete Gürol Uğur, Seyhun Sucu, Aynur Mustafa, Neslihan Bayramoğlu Tepe, Özcan Balat
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, indications, and outcomes of diagnostic invasive prenatal procedures (DIPP) performed in a university hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective, observational study included 2185 cases of DIPP (chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis, and cordocentesis) performed at the department of obstetrics and gynecology of a university hospital between 2010 and 2016. We included all DIPP cases performed between 11 and 24 weeks of gestation...
June 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905985/it-is-time-for-routine-screening-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-settings
#7
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Melissa S Wong
Importance: Women are 2 to 3 times more likely than men to experience depression in their lifetime, and the greatest risk occurs during the reproductive years. As an obstetrics and gynecology physician or provider, you will likely encounter women who are at risk of development or relapse of a mental disorder during this vulnerable time. Objective: The aim of this review is to examine theory and research on mood and anxiety disorders during the perinatal period with an emphasis on screening recommendations...
September 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900466/can-an-inadequate-cervical-cytology-sample-in-thinprep-be-converted-to-a-satisfactory-sample-by-processing-it-with-a-surepath-preparation
#8
Sveinung Wergeland Sørbye, Mette Kristin Pedersen, Bente Ekeberg, Merete E Johansen Williams, Torill Sauer, Ying Chen
BACKGROUND: The Norwegian Cervical Cancer Screening Program recommends screening every 3 years for women between 25 and 69 years of age. There is a large difference in the percentage of unsatisfactory samples between laboratories that use different brands of liquid-based cytology. We wished to examine if inadequate ThinPrep samples could be satisfactory by processing them with the SurePath protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 187 inadequate ThinPrep specimens from the Department of Clinical Pathology at University Hospital of North Norway were sent to Akershus University Hospital for conversion to SurePath medium...
2017: CytoJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894855/evaluation-on-the-practice-and-behaviour-of-women-applied-for-gynecology-outpatient-clinics-about-screening-methods-for-early-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer
#9
Meryem Hocaoğlu, Aynur Adeviye Erşahin, Esra Akdeniz
OBJECTIVE: Breast self-examination (BSE), clinical breast exam (CBE), mammography and ultrasound imaging (UI) are screening methods used for early diagnosis of breast cancer (BC). The purpose of this study is to put forth the utilization frequency of these screening methods among women presenting to the gynecology outpatient clinics and the relation of these data with the socio-demographic characteristics of the women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted among 429 women (age, 16-80 years) who were admitted to the gynecology outpatient clinics...
July 2017: Eur J Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894332/breast-cancer-screening-updated-recommendations-of-the-brazilian-college-of-radiology-and-diagnostic-imaging-brazilian-breast-disease-society-and-brazilian-federation-of-gynecological-and-obstetrical-associations
#10
Linei Augusta Brolini Dellê Urban, Luciano Fernandes Chala, Selma di Pace Bauab, Marcela Brisighelli Schaefer, Radiá Pereira Dos Santos, Norma Medicis de Albuquerque Maranhão, Ana Lucia Kefalas, José Michel Kalaf, Carlos Alberto Pecci Ferreira, Ellyete de Oliveira Canella, João Emílio Peixoto, Heverton Leal Ernesto de Amorim, Helio Sebastião Amâncio de Camargo Junior
OBJECTIVE: To present the current recommendations for breast cancer screening in Brazil, as devised by the Brazilian College of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, the Brazilian Breast Disease Society, and the Brazilian Federation of Gynecological and Obstetrical Associations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed scientific studies available in the Medline and Lilacs databases. In the absence of evidence, the recommendations reflected the consensus of a panel of experts...
July 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889160/interprofessional-education-in-allied-health-using-virtual-technologies
#11
Amber D Donnelly, Maheswari S Mukherjee, Jana Koth, Lisa Bartenhagen
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is becoming increasingly prevalent in health science education, with the goal of preparing students to work collaboratively in teams within the healthcare environment. Students in our cytotechnology and radiation therapy (RT) programs used virtual technologies to demonstrate their professions using case studies. The purpose of this activity was to see if our students' knowledge of each other's professions and educational technologies increased and if the students had a better understanding of how they would work together in a healthcare team...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885778/histopathologic-follow-up-and-hpv-test-results-with-hsil-papanicolaou-test-results-in-china-s-largest-academic-women-s-hospital
#12
Xiang Tao, R Marshall Austin, Hao Zhang, Lihong Zhang, Jianan Xiao, Xianrong Zhou, Li Wang, Chengquan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer screening in China is largely limited to occasional opportunistic screening in urban centers. The current study reports histopathologic follow-up and human papillomavirus (HPV) results in women with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) Papanicolaou (Pap) tests reported at the largest academic women's hospital in China and compares these findings with those of published Western studies among frequently screened women. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study documented HSIL Pap tests, patient age, HPV results, and histopathologic follow-up from 2011 through 2015 in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University (OGHFU) in Shanghai, China...
September 8, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885082/human-papillomavirus-testing-by-veterans-administration-women-s-health-providers-are-they-adhering-to-guidelines
#13
Laura D Hallett, Megan R Gerber
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines have been created by professional societies, including the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP), for use of human papillomavirus (HPV) cotesting in cervical cancer screening. We investigated whether Veterans Health Administration (VA) providers at one VA medical center follow these guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of women aged 21-65 who had an HPV test ordered with pap testing in fiscal year 2014 at one Veterans Administration (VA) medical center to evaluate concordance of HPV ordering with screening (USPSTF) and management (ASCCP) guidelines...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879096/spontaneous-miscarriage-in-first-trimester-pregnancy-is-associated-with-altered-urinary-metabolite-profile
#14
Chee Wai Ku, Zhen Wei Tan, Mark Kit Lim, Zhi Yang Tam, Chih-Hsien Lin, Sean Pin Ng, John Carson Allen, Sze Min Lek, Thiam Chye Tan, Nguan Soon Tan
Threatened miscarriage is the most common gynecological emergency, occurring in about 20% of pregnant women. Approximately one in four of these patients go on to have spontaneous miscarriage and the etiology of miscarriage still remains elusive. In a bid to identify possible biomarkers and novel treatment targets, many studies have been undertaken to elucidate the pathways that lead to a miscarriage. Luteal phase deficiency has been shown to contribute to miscarriages, and the measurement of serum progesterone as a prognostic marker and the prescription of progesterone supplementation has been proposed as possible diagnostic and treatment methods...
December 2017: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875956/seroepidemiology-of-syphilis-infection-among-2-million-reproductive-age-women-in-rural-china-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
Kai-Ju Liao, Shi-Kun Zhang, Min Liu, Qiao-Mei Wang, Jue Liu, Hai-Ping Shen, Yi-Ping Zhang
Background: Quantifying syphilis prevalence is important for planning interventions and advocating for resources on syphilis. However, data on large sample studies regarding the prevalence of syphilis among reproductive-age women in rural China were not available for analysis. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence, epidemiological characteristics, and related factors of syphilis infection among reproductive-age women in rural China. Methods: Data were obtained from a nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional study under the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project which covered all the 31 provinces in Mainland China...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870960/risk-reducing-salpingo-oophorectomy-in-women-at-higher-risk-of-ovarian-and-breast-cancer-a-single-institution-prospective-series
#16
Enzo Ricciardi, Federica Tomao, Giovanni Aletti, Luca Bazzurini, Luca Bocciolone, Sara Boveri, Fabio Landoni, Maria Teresa Lapresa, Matteo Maruccio, Gabriella Parma, Fedro Peccatori, Maria Cristina Petrella, Vanna Zanagnolo, Nicoletta Colombo, Angelo Maggioni
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occult cancers' reported rates vary from 2-12% and serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas (STICs) have been identified in 3-12% of the prophylactically removed tubes of women carrying a BRCA mutation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of tubal minor epithelial atypia (STIL), STIC, and occult invasive cancer and to evaluate the cancer-specific mortality in a prospective series of women at higher risk of ovarian and breast cancer undergoing risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) n a tertiary cancer center...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861678/perioperative-serum-creatinine-changes-and-ureteral-injury
#17
Sam Siddighi, Junchan J Yune, Nicole B Kwon, Jeffrey S Hardesty, Joo H Kim, Philip J Chan
PURPOSE: To illustrate a simple method that screens for ureteral injury in the acute postoperative period after urogynecologic surgeries. METHODS: Serum creatinine measurements in the preoperative (baseline) and postoperative periods of urogynecologic surgeries were determined and the correlation of the change to ureteral injury and/or obstruction analyzed. The sample size calculation showed 7 cases and 28 controls were sufficient to detect significant changes in creatinine...
September 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860006/combining-a-symptom-index-ca125-and-he4-triple-screen-to-detect-ovarian-cancer-in-women-with-a-pelvic-mass
#18
Barbara A Goff, Kathy Agnew, Moni Blazej Neradilek, Heidi J Gray, John B Liao, Renata R Urban
OBJECTIVES: To assess a simple algorithm of CA125, HE4 and Symptom Index to predict ovarian cancer in women with a pelvic mass. METHODS: This was a prospective study of women referred to a gynecologic oncology clinic for surgical evaluation of a pelvic mass. Preoperatively, women completed a SI and had serum markers drawn. Results were correlated with pathology. A triple screen was considered positive if at least 2 of the 3 markers were abnormal (positive SI, CA125≥35U/mL, HE4≥140pmol/L)...
August 28, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844825/patient-navigation-across-the-spectrum-of-women-s-health-care-in-the-united-states
#19
REVIEW
Kathryn M McKenney, Noelle G Martinez, Lynn M Yee
Patient navigation is a patient-centered intervention that uses trained personnel to identify patient-level barriers, including financial, cultural, logistical, and educational obstacles to health care and then mitigate these barriers to facilitate complete and timely access to health services. For example, to assist a woman with Medicaid who is seeking postpartum care, a patient navigator could help her schedule an appointment before her insurance benefits change, coordinate transportation and child care, give her informational pamphlets on contraception options, and accompany her to the appointment to ensure her questions are answered...
August 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832484/practice-bulletin-no-182-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-syndrome
#20
(no author information available yet)
Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome is an inherited cancer-susceptibility syndrome characterized by multiple family members with breast cancer, ovarian cancer, or both. Based on the contemporary understanding of the origins and management of ovarian cancer and for simplicity in this document, ovarian cancer also refers to fallopian tube cancer and primary peritoneal cancer. Clinical genetic testing for gene mutations allows more precise identification of those women who are at an increased risk of inherited breast cancer and ovarian cancer...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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