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psychiatric screening guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902542/impact-of-mental-health-comorbidities-on-the-community-based-pediatric-treatment-and-outcomes-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
Nour Al Ghriwati, Joshua M Langberg, William Gardner, James Peugh, Kelly J Kelleher, Rebecca Baum, William B Brinkman, Phil Lichtenstein, Jeffery N Epstein
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often exhibit psychiatric comorbidities, which may impact illness presentation, diagnosis, and treatment outcomes. Guidelines exist for dealing with these complex cases but little is known about how comorbidities are being handled in community pediatric settings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how mental health comorbidities affect community physicians' ADHD care practices and patients' symptom trajectories...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822049/prevalence-and-related-factors-of-psychological-distress-among-cancer-inpatients-using-routine-distress-thermometer-and-chinese-health-questionnaire-screening
#2
Yu-Jie Chiou, Nien-Mu Chiu, Liang-Jen Wang, Shau-Hsuan Li, Chun-Yi Lee, Ming-Kung Wu, Chien-Chih Chen, Yi-Shan Wu, Yu Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines suggest routine screening for distress among cancer patients for immediate early psychiatric care. However, previous studies focusing on routine screening for psychological distress among cancer inpatients in Taiwan are scant. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and related factors of psychological distress and mental illness among cancer inpatients in Taiwan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted as a retrospective chart review in a general hospital in southern Taiwan...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566975/screening-for-untreated-depression-in-cancer-patients-a-japanese-experience
#3
Hironobu Inoguchi, Ken Shimizu, Haruki Shimoda, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi, Tatsuo Akechi, Megumi Uchida, Asao Ogawa, Daisuke Fujisawa, Shinichiro Inoue, Yosuke Uchitomi
OBJECTIVE: Guidelines for supportive care in cancer patients have recommended routine psychological screening in clinical practice, and a Japanese national project has recommended screening for depression using the Distress and Impact Thermometer. However, a previous study advocating the validity of the Distress and Impact Thermometer may have overestimated its effectiveness, as the study included already-treated patients who were not screening targets. This study re-evaluated the performance and usefulness of the Distress and Impact Thermometer using an adequate sample size and appropriate study design...
August 27, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561138/a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-for-medical-marijuana-in-psychiatric-indications
#4
Samuel T Wilkinson, Rajiv Radhakrishnan, Deepak Cyril D'Souza
OBJECTIVE: Marijuana has been approved for a number of psychiatric conditions in many states in the US including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), agitation in Alzheimer's disease, and Tourette's disorder. In this systematic review, we examine the strength of evidence for the efficacy of marijuana and other cannabinoids for these psychiatric indications. DATA SOURCES: The literature (MEDLINE) was searched for studies published between January 1980 and March 2015 using search terms related to marijuana and other cannabinoids and the specific diagnosis...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474093/opioid-treatment-of-migraine-risk-factors-and-behavioral-issues
#5
REVIEW
Melissa T Stone, Valerie Weed, Ronald J Kulich
Migraine can impact every aspect of a person's functioning. Psychological comorbidities, cognitive constructs, and behavioral responses to pain greatly impact the perception of migraine pain, treatment efficacy and outcome, and overall quality of life and functioning. Current considerations for migraine treatment emphasize the utility of the biopsychosocial model in understanding and treating migraine, noting both the importance of addressing psychological factors such as cognitive beliefs as well as psychiatric comorbidities...
September 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383853/missed-opportunities-for-health-promotion-intervention-in-the-management-of-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome
#6
Jessica Johnson, David E Wilson, Bennett P deBoisblanc
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize utilization of evidence-based health promotion practices not included in Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS) guidelines, such as vaccinations and counseling services, hypothesizing that missed opportunities for health promotion intervention would abound. METHODS: Retrospective medical record review of 99 patients presenting to a safety-net academic medical center with AWS between August 1, 2012 and March 31, 2013. RESULTS: Thiamine replacement (70%), tobacco cessation counseling (28%), influenza or pneumonia vaccination (25% and 28% respectively), psychiatric counseling (70%), referral to alcohol support group or treatment center(40%), and screening for viral hepatitis and HIV (39% and 44%, respectively) were documented by healthcare providers at lower than optimal frequency...
March 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342215/community-based-rehabilitation-intervention-for-people-with-schizophrenia-in-ethiopia-rise-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Laura Asher, Mary De Silva, Charlotte Hanlon, Helen A Weiss, Rahel Birhane, Dawit A Ejigu, Girmay Medhin, Vikram Patel, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUND: Care for most people with schizophrenia is best delivered in the community and evidence-based guidelines recommend combining both medication and a psychosocial intervention, such as community-based rehabilitation. There is emerging evidence that community-based rehabilitation for schizophrenia is effective at reducing disability in middle-income country settings, yet there is no published evidence on the effectiveness in settings with fewer mental health resources. This paper describes the protocol of a study that aims to evaluate the effectiveness of community-based rehabilitation as an adjunct to health facility-based care in rural Ethiopia...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302720/factitious-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-455-cases-in-the-professional-literature
#8
REVIEW
Gregory P Yates, Marc D Feldman
OBJECTIVE: Patients with factitious disorder (FD) fabricate illness, injury or impairment for psychological reasons and, as a result, misapply medical resources. The demographic and clinical profile of these patients has yet to be described in a sufficiently large sample, which has prevented clinicians from adopting an evidence-based approach to FD. The present study aimed to address this issue through a systematic review of cases reported in the professional literature. METHOD: A systematic search for case studies in the MEDLINE, Web of Science and EMBASE databases was conducted...
July 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169714/echo-autism-a-new-model-for-training-primary-care-providers-in-best-practice-care-for-children-with-autism
#9
Micah O Mazurek, Rachel Brown, Alicia Curran, Kristin Sohl
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have complex medical problems, yet they are at high risk for unmet health care needs. Primary care providers are perfectly positioned to meet these needs; however, they often lack training in ASD. This pilot project developed and tested a new model for training primary care providers in best-practice care for ASD using the Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) framework. The 6-month ECHO Autism pilot project consisted of 12 biweekly clinics focused on screening and identification of ASD symptoms and management of medical and psychiatric comorbidities...
May 11, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149967/diabetes-and-cardiovascular-care-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-literature-review
#10
Christina Mangurian, John W Newcomer, Chelsea Modlin, Dean Schillinger
Close to 19 million US adults have severe mental illnesses (SMI), and they die, on average, 25 years earlier than the general population, most often from cardiovascular disease (CVD). Many of the antipsychotic medications used to treat SMI contribute to CVD risk by increasing risk for obesity, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. Based on compelling evidence, the American Diabetes Association and the American Psychiatric Association developed guidelines for metabolic screening and monitoring during use of these medications...
September 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138771/missed-opportunities-for-health-promotion-intervention-in-the-management-of-alcohol-withdrawal-syndrome
#11
Jessica Johnson PharmD, David E Wilson PharmD, Bennett P deBoisblanc Md
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize utilization of evidence-based health promotion practices not included in Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS) guidelines, such as vaccinations and counseling services, hypothesizing that missed opportunities for health promotion intervention would abound. METHODS: Retrospective medical record review of 99 patients presenting to a safety-net academic medical center with AWS between August 1, 2012 and March 31, 2013. RESULTS: Thiamine replacement (70%), tobacco cessation counseling (28%), influenza or pneumonia vaccination (25% and 28% respectively), psychiatric counseling (70%), referral to alcohol support group or treatment center(40%), and screening for viral hepatitis and HIV (39% and 44%, respectively) were documented by healthcare providers at lower than optimal frequency...
March 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27120555/self-management-interventions-for-type-2-diabetes-in-adult-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#12
REVIEW
Hayley McBain, Kathleen Mulligan, Mark Haddad, Chris Flood, Julia Jones, Alan Simpson
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental illness are twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes as those without severe mental illness. Treatment guidelines for type 2 diabetes recommend that structured education should be integrated into routine care and should be offered to all. However, for people with severe mental illness, physical health may be a low priority, and motivation to change may be limited. These additional challenges mean that the findings reported in previous systematic reviews of diabetes self management interventions may not be generalised to those with severe mental illness, and that tailored approaches to effective diabetes education may be required for this population...
April 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059279/exploring-consumer-functioning-in-high-dependency-units-and-psychiatric-intensive-care-units-implications-for-mental-health-occupational-therapy
#13
Mary Evatt, Justin Newton Scanlan, Hannah Benson, Catherine Pace, Arianne Mouawad
BACKGROUND/AIM: Consumers admitted to High Dependency Units (HDUs) or Psychiatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) experience very significant functional difficulties. These can make it challenging to deliver targeted occupational therapy interventions. This study was established to analyse previously collected data to better understand consumer functioning in HDUs and PICUs. METHOD: The Hyperacute Screening Tool (HST) includes descriptors of increasing functional skills in three domains of functioning (task performance, social performance and task initiation)...
April 5, 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056579/benzodiazepine-use-misuse-and-harm-at-the-population-level-in-canada-a-comprehensive-narrative-review-of-data-and-developments-since-1995
#14
REVIEW
Yoko Murphy, Emily Wilson, Elliot M Goldner, Benedikt Fischer
Benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed psycho-pharmaceuticals (e.g., for anxiety, tension, and insomnia); they are generally considered safe but have potential adverse effects. Benzodiazepine use in Canada versus internationally is comparably high, yet no recent comprehensive review of use, misuse, or related (e.g., morbidity, mortality) harm at the population level exists; the present review aimed to fill this gap. We searched four key scientific literature databases (Medline, CINAHL, EBM Reviews, and Web of Science) with relevant search terms, and collected relevant "gray literature" (e...
July 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051106/prevalence-of-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#15
Shyam Chand Chaudhary, Satyan Nanda, Adarsh Tripathi, Kamal Kumar Sawlani, Kamlesh Kumar Gupta, D Himanshu, Ajay Kumar Verma
INTRODUCTION: Psychiatric disorders, especially anxiety and depression have been reported to have an increased prevalence in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, but there is a paucity of data from India. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Aim of our study is to study the frequency of psychiatric comorbidities in COPD patients and their correlation with severity of COPD, as per global initiative for obstructive lung disease guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital (King George's Medical University)...
March 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046275/likelihood-of-obtaining-structured-interview-of-reported-symptoms-sirs-and-sirs-2-elevations-among-forensic-psychiatric-inpatients-with-screening-elevations-on-the-miller-forensic-assessment-of-symptoms-test
#16
David M Glassmire, Anthony M Tarescavage, Emily D Gottfried
The Miller Forensic Assessment of Symptoms Test (M-FAST) was designed as a screening measure for feigned psychiatric symptoms. When M-FAST Total Scores are elevated (raw score ≥6), the test manual recommends follow-up with a more comprehensive measure of feigning, such as the widely used and researched Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms (SIRS) or the revised version of the test (SIRS-2). The purpose of the current study was to evaluate how often M-FAST screening elevations are associated with subsequent elevations on the SIRS or SIRS-2...
December 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26940892/sequential-psychological-and-pharmacological-therapies-for-comorbid-and-primary-insomnia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Charles M Morin, Jack D Edinger, Andrew D Krystal, Daniel J Buysse, Simon Beaulieu-Bonneau, Hans Ivers
BACKGROUND: Chronic insomnia is a prevalent disorder associated with significant psychosocial, health, and economic impacts. Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) and benzodiazepine receptor agonist (BzRA) medications are the most widely supported therapeutic approaches for insomnia management. However, few investigations have directly compared their relative and combined benefits, and even fewer have tested the benefits of sequential treatment for those who do not respond to initial insomnia therapy...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26922134/-prevention-and-treatment-of-tardive-dyskinesia-caused-by-antipsychotic-drugs
#18
A-S Seigneurie, F Sauvanaud, F Limosin
INTRODUCTION: Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a movement disorder of tongue, jawbone, trunk and/or limbs that may appear after a prolonged use of dopamine receptor blocking agents (after 3 months of treatment or after 1 month for patients over 60), and that are present during at least four consecutive weeks. TD is a frequent side effect of both classical neuroleptics and new generation antipsychotic drugs. The prevalence of iatrogenic TD is between 24 and 32 % after treatment with classical neuroleptics and about 13 % after treatment with a new generation antipsychotic...
June 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26885765/toward-a-comprehensive-care-of-hiv-patients-finding-a-strategy-to-detect-depression-in-a-spanish-hiv-cohort
#19
C Bayón-Pérez, A Hernando, M J Álvarez-Comino, S Cebolla, L Serrano, F Gutiérrez, F Montesinos, M Lagarde, O Bisbal, M Matarranz, R Rubio, F Pulido
Depression is a common but frequently undiagnosed feature in individuals with HIV infection. To find a strategy to detect depression in a non-specialized clinical setting, the overall performance of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the depression identification questions proposed by the European AIDS Clinical Society (EACS) guidelines were assessed in a descriptive cross-sectional study of 113 patients with HIV infection. The clinician asked the two screening questions that were proposed under the EACS guidelines and requested patients to complete the HADS...
July 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880374/guidelines-for-the-management-of-pregnant-women-with-substance-use-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Laura P McLafferty, Madeleine Becker, Nehama Dresner, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Priya Gopalan, Jody Glance, Guitelle St Victor, Leena Mittal, Patrick Marshalek, Laura Lander, Linda L M Worley
BACKGROUND: Women of reproductive potential with substance use disorders, especially those who are pregnant, present many clinical challenges to healthcare providers, including comorbid psychiatric disorders, a history of trauma and abuse, avoidance of or poor access to prenatal care, fear of legal consequences, and countertransference reactions. METHODS: In November 2013, members of the Women's Mental Health Special Interest Group of the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine presented a Workshop reviewing substance abuse in pregnancy, highlighting the specific contributions that psychosomatic medicine specialists can make in the care of these patients...
March 2016: Psychosomatics
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