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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982961/mechanisms-in-endocrinology-maternal-thyroid-dysfunction-during-pregnancy-and-behavioural-and-psychiatric-disorders-of-children-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Dagnachew Muluye Fetene, Kim S Betts, Rosa Alati
BACKGROUND: Maternal thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy may lead to persistent neurodevelopmental disorders in the offspring appearing in later life. This study aimed to review the available evidence concerning the relationship between maternal thyroid status during pregnancy and offspring behavioural and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Systematic electronic database searches were conducted using PubMed, Embase, PsycNET, Scopus, Google Scholar and Cochrane library...
November 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928043/treating-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-pediatrics
#2
Polina Umylny, Miguelina German, Alexa Lantiere
Postpartum psychiatric disorders represent a significant public health problem that has not been readily addressed, particularly in the primary care setting. As maternal mood and anxiety difficulties are associated with a number of adverse outcomes for the mother, her offspring and the family system, addressing these concerns during the perinatal period is of critical importance. Although researchers and clinicians have become increasingly aware of the problem, postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) remain widely unrecognized and poorly understood by both patients and providers...
September 16, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906602/addressing-diagnosis-and-treatment-gaps-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Rakesh Jain, Saundra Jain, C Brendan Montano
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was originally defined in children but is now recognized to persist into adulthood for some patients. Despite this recognition, adult ADHD remains underdiagnosed. This narrative review describes the negative impact of ADHD across multiple functional domains, diagnostic guidelines for adult ADHD and its clinical features, the importance of screening tools and clinical interviews to help evaluate adults for ADHD, and adult ADHD treatment options. Diagnostic guidelines for ADHD now incorporate adult-specific symptoms and behavioral manifestations, which may aid in diagnosing adult ADHD...
September 7, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889207/antipsychotic-induced-hyperprolactinemia-synthesis-of-world-wide-guidelines-and-integrated-recommendations-for-assessment-management-and-future-research
#4
REVIEW
Jasmin Grigg, Roisin Worsley, Caroline Thew, Caroline Gurvich, Natalie Thomas, Jayashri Kulkarni
RATIONALE: Hyperprolactinemia is a highly prevalent adverse effect of many antipsychotic agents, with potentially serious health consequences. Several guidelines have been developed for the management of this condition; yet, their concordance has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this paper were (1) to review current clinical guidelines; (2) to review key systematic evidence for management; and (3) based on our findings, to develop an integrated management recommendation specific to male and female patients who are otherwise clinically stabilised on antipsychotics...
September 9, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840934/measurement-based-care-in-psychiatry
#5
Jessica Waldrop, Teena M McGuinness
Measurement-based care (MBC) uses patient-reported rating scales in conjunction with evidence-based clinical practice guidelines to provide an objective assessment of patient progress over time to guide a more precise plan of care. Use of MBC is routine in medical disease management. Unfortunately, MBC is not standard practice in psychiatric care. The current nonsystematic approach to the delivery of mental health care has created considerable variability in practice and may stall recovery. Although MBC has proven benefits, there are perceived barriers to its implementation...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764994/alexithymia-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#6
REVIEW
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is a multidimensional personality construct characterized by difficulties identifying and describing one's feelings, and externally oriented thinking. Although extensively reported in psychiatric patients, little attention has been paid regarding its occurrence and its pathophysiology in the context of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A research was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines aiming to identify original research articles in English and French languages about alexithymia in MS...
September 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665542/effects-of-stepped-psychooncological-care-on-referral-to-psychosocial-services-and-emotional-well-being-in-cancer-patients-a-cluster-randomized-phase-iii-trial
#7
Susanne Singer, Helge Danker, Julia Roick, Jens Einenkel, Susanne Briest, Henning Spieker, Andreas Dietz, Isabell Hoffmann, Kirsten Papsdorf, Jürgen Meixensberger, Joachim Mössner, Franziska Schiefke, Anja Dietel, Hubert Wirtz, Dietger Niederwieser, Thomas Berg, Anette Kersting
OBJECTIVE: Emotional distress in cancer patients often goes unnoticed in daily routine; therefore, distress screening is now recommended in many national guidelines. However, screening alone does not necessarily translate into better well-being. We examined whether stepped psychooncological care improves referral to consultation-liaison (CL) services and improves well-being. METHODS: In a cluster-randomized trial, wards were randomly allocated to stepped versus standard care...
October 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597857/services-for-depression-and-suicide-in-thailand
#8
Thoranin Kongsuk, Suttha Supanya, Kedsaraporn Kenbubpha, Supranee Phimtra, Supattra Sukhawaha, Jintana Leejongpermpoon
Depression, together with suicide is an important contributor to the burden of disease in Thailand. Until recently, depression has been significantly under-recognized in the country. The lack of response to this health challenge has been compounded by a low level of access to standard care, constraints on mental health personnel and inadequate dissemination of knowledge in caring for people with these disorders. In the past decade, significant work has been undertaken to establish a new evidence-based surveillance and care system for depression and suicide in Thailand that operates at all levels of health-care provision nationwide...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597852/mental-health-policies-in-south-east-asia-and-the-public-health-role-of-screening-instruments-for-depression
#9
Pratap Sharan, Rajesh Sagar, Saurabh Kumar
The World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region, which contributes one quarter of the world's population, has a significant burden due to mental illnesses. Mental health has been a low priority in most countries of the region. Although most of these countries have national mental health policies, implementation at ground level remains a huge challenge. Many countries in the region lack mental health legislation that can safeguard the rights of people with mental illnesses, and governments have allocated low budgets for mental health services...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579787/the-impact-of-comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-on-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-opioid-use-disorder-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Tea Rosic, Leen Naji, Monica Bawor, Brittany B Dennis, Carolyn Plater, David C Marsh, Lehana Thabane, Zainab Samaan
OBJECTIVE: There is a significant interindividual variability in treatment outcomes in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) for opioid use disorder (OUD). This prospective cohort study examines the impact of comorbid psychiatric disorders on continued illicit opioid use in patients receiving MMT for OUD. METHODS: Data were collected from 935 patients receiving MMT in outpatient clinics between June 2011 and June 2015. Using linear regression analysis, we evaluated the impact of having a comorbid psychiatric disorder on continued illicit opioid use during MMT, adjusting for important confounders...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576305/cystic-fibrosis-transmembrane-regulator-modulators-implications-for-the-management-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-cystic-fibrosis
#11
REVIEW
Jaideep S Talwalkar, Jonathan L Koff, Hochang B Lee, Clemente J Britto, Arielle M Mulenos, Anna M Georgiopoulos
BACKGROUND: Individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at high risk for depression and anxiety, which are associated with worse medical outcomes. Novel therapies for CF hold great promise for improving physical health, but the effects of these therapies on mental health remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to familiarize psychiatrists with the potential effect of novel CF therapies on depression and anxiety. METHODS: We discuss novel therapies that directly target the mutant CF protein, the CF transmembrane regulator (CFTR), which are called CFTR modulators...
July 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524075/examining-the-overlap-between-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#12
Opal Ousley, A Nichole Evans, Samuel Fernandez-Carriba, Erica L Smearman, Kimberly Rockers, Michael J Morrier, David W Evans, Karlene Coleman, Joseph Cubells
22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a genomic disorder reported to associate with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in 15-50% of cases; however, others suggest that individuals with 22q11.2DS present psychiatric or behavioral features associated with ASDs, but do not meet full criteria for ASD diagnoses. Such wide variability in findings may arise in part due to methodological differences across studies. Our study sought to determine whether individuals with 22q11.2DS meet strict ASD diagnostic criteria using research-based guidelines from the Collaborative Programs of Excellence in Autism (CPEA), which required a gathering of information from three sources: the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), the Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS), and a clinician's best-estimate diagnosis...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483271/-mindful-neuropsychology-mindfulness-based-cognitive-remediation
#13
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458571/management-of-the-psychological-comorbidities-of-dermatological-conditions-practitioners-guidelines
#14
REVIEW
Cody J Connor
Dermatological disease can be devastating for patients, and although dermatologists are focused on remedying the cutaneous manifestations of these conditions, it is easy to miss the psychological suffering lurking below. Studies reveal that psychiatric comorbidity in dermatology is highly prevalent. Undetected psychopathology can greatly decrease a patient's quality of life and even contribute significantly to the clinical severity of their skin disease. For these reasons, it is vital that practitioners learn to detect psychological distress when it is present, and it is equally essential that they understand the treatment options available for effective intervention...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439723/psychiatric-comorbidity-in-alcohol-use-disorders-results-from-the-german-s3-guidelines
#15
REVIEW
U W Preuss, E Gouzoulis-Mayfrank, U Havemann-Reinecke, I Schäfer, M Beutel, E Hoch, K F Mann
Alcohol use disorders (AUD) have a high comorbidity with mental disorders. Vice versa, alcohol consumption plays an important role in affective disorders, anxiety disorders, ADHD, schizophrenic psychosis, and other mental disorders. In developing the current interdisciplinary, evidence-based treatment guideline on screening, diagnostics, and treatment of AUD, available research on comorbid mental diseases in AUD has been compiled to generate recommendations for treatment. The guideline was prepared under the responsibility of the German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics (DGPPN) and the German Association for Addiction Research and Therapy (DG-Sucht)...
April 24, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417648/danish-translation-and-validation-of-kessler-s-10-item-psychological-distress-scale-k10
#16
Camilla Thelin, Benjamin Mikkelsen, Gunnar Laier, Louise Turgut, Bente Henriksen, Lis Raabaek Olsen, Jens Knud Larsen, Sidse Arnfred
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is a trans-diagnostic feature of mental suffering closely associated with mental disorders. Kessler's 10-item Psychological Distress Scale (K10), a scale with sound psychometric properties, is widely used in epidemiological studies. AIM: To translate and investigate whether K10 is a reliable and valid rating scale for the measurement of psychological distress in a Danish population. METHODS: The translation was carried out according to official WHO translation guidelines...
April 18, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413938/psychiatric-service-users-experiences-of-emergency-departments-a-cerqual-review-of-qualitative-studies
#17
Kathrine Carstensen, Stina Lou, Lotte Groth Jensen, Nina Konstantin Nissen, Lisbeth Ortenblad, Margarete Pfau, Pia Vedel Ankersen
BACKGROUND: There is increased clinical and political attention towards integrating general and psychiatric emergency departments (ED). However, research into psychiatric service users' experiences regarding general EDs is limited. AIM: To identify and summarize current, qualitative evidence regarding service users' experiences attending EDs. A secondary aim is to apply and test the newly developed CERQual approach to summarizing qualitative review findings. METHODS: A systematic literature review of five databases based on PRISMA guidelines yielded 3334 unique entries...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372713/psychiatric-emergencies-assessing-and-managing-suicidal-ideation
#18
REVIEW
Andrea N Weber, Maria Michail, Alex Thompson, Jess G Fiedorowicz
The assessment of suicide risk is a daunting, but increasingly frequent task for outpatient practitioners. Guidelines for depression screening identify more individuals at risk for treatment and mental health resources are not always easily accessible. For those patients identified as in need of a formal suicide risk assessment, this article reviews established risk and protective factors for suicide and provides a framework for the assessment and management of individuals at risk of suicide. The assessment should be explicitly documented with a summary of the most relevant risk/protective factors for that individual with a focus on interventions that may mitigate risk...
May 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212362/the-management-of-psychological-issues-in-oncology
#19
REVIEW
Daniel C McFarland, Jimmie C Holland
Psychological issues in the cancer setting are highly prevalent and well documented, and can lead to adverse outcomes. Several series of guidelines have been put forth to ensure that both psychological and psychiatric issues are addressed. The management of psychological issues in cancer is relevant for clinicians whose patients are identified clinically or via screening mechanisms with psychological or psychiatric sequelae from cancer. This review describes the psychological impact of cancer, distress screening as a triage mechanism, and the presentation and management of several specific comorbid psychological/psychiatric diagnoses in the oncology setting...
December 2016: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210358/american-association-for-emergency-psychiatry-task-force-on-medical-clearance-of-adults-part-i-introduction-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines
#20
REVIEW
Eric L Anderson, Kimberly Nordstrom, Michael P Wilson, Jennifer M Peltzer-Jones, Leslie Zun, Anthony Ng, Michael H Allen
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, the number of patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) for a mental health concern is significant and expected to grow. The breadth of the medical evaluation of these patients is controversial. Attempts have been made to establish a standard evaluation for these patients, but to date no nationally accepted standards exist. A task force of the American Association of Emergency Psychiatry, consisting of physicians from emergency medicine and psychiatry, and a psychologist was convened to form consensus recommendations on the medical evaluation of psychiatric patients presenting to EDs...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
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