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psychiatric screening guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357722/improving-adherence-to-atypical-antipsychotic-agent-screening-guidelines-in-pediatric-patients-a-quality-improvement-project-within-an-integrated-community-mental-health-setting
#1
Elishia L Featherston, Sharolyn Dihigo, Richard E Gilder
BACKGROUND: Approximately 14% to 20% of children and adolescents have a mental health problem. Atypical antipsychotic agents are used to treat behavioral, emotional, and mental health problems in children and adolescents. A discrepancy between best practices and actual practices exists. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to increase adherence above baseline, through implementation of a checklist, to recommended screening guidelines in children, ages 4 to 18, prescribed atypical antipsychotic agents over 12 weeks...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347967/data-quality-and-feasibility-of-the-experience-sampling-method-across-the-spectrum-of-severe-psychiatric-disorders-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Hugo Vachon, Aki Rintala, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Inez Myin-Germeys
BACKGROUND: Due to a number of methodological advantages and theoretical considerations, more and more studies in clinical psychology research employ the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) as a data collection technique. Despite this growing interest, the absence of methodological guidelines related to the use of ESM has resulted in a large heterogeneity of designs while the potential effects of the design itself on the response behavior of the participants remain unknown. The objectives of this systematic review are to investigate the associations between the design characteristics and the data quality and feasibility of studies relying on ESM in severe psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319031/association-of-comorbid-anxiety-and-depression-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
Ruchi Dua, Anindya Das, Abhishek Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Mayank Mishra, Kapil Sharma
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease with known systemic manifestations including psychiatric comorbidities most commonly being depression and/or anxiety. Studies regarding the association of these psychiatric comorbidities in terms of symptom scores, spirometric variables, and hospitalizations among patients of COPD are lacking, especially in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients of COPD attending the Outpatient Department of AIIMS Rishikesh, and fulfilling inclusion criteria were screened by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and those who scored above the cutoff underwent psychiatric evaluation using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition Diagnostic Criteria for Research for confirmation of their diagnosis...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315784/the-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-arab-adolescents-findings-from-jordan
#4
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: The lack of research regarding the current profile of adolescent depression in the Arab countries in general, and Jordan in particular, makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective interventions to improve the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adolescent depression in the region. The purpose of this study was to estimate a national prevalence of depressive symptoms among adolescents in Jordan, and to identify characteristics associated with severity of depression...
January 8, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225582/significant-need-for-a-french-network-of-expert-centers-enabling-a-better-characterization-and-management-of-treatment-resistant-depression-fondation-fondamental
#5
Antoine Yrondi, Djamila Bennabi, Emmanuel Haffen, Marion Garnier, Frank Bellivier, Thierry Bourgerol, Vincent Camus, Thierry D'Amato, Olivier Doumy, Frédéric Haesebaert, Jérôme Holtzmann, Christophe Lançon, Philippe Vignaud, Fanny Moliere, Isabel Nieto, Raphaëlle Marie Richieri, Philippe Domenech, Corentin Rabu, Luc Mallet, Liova Yon, Laurent Schmitt, Florian Stephan, Guillaume Vaiva, Michel Walter, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Philippe Courtet, Marion Leboyer, Wissam El-Hage, Bruno Aouizerate
Background: Major depression is characterized by (i) a high lifetime prevalence of 16-17% in the general population; (ii) a high frequency of treatment resistance in around 20-30% of cases; (iii) a recurrent or chronic course; (iv) a negative impact on the general functioning and quality of life; and (v) a high level of comorbidity with various psychiatric and non-psychiatric disorders, high occurrence of completed suicide, significant burden along with the personal, societal, and economic costs...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224571/-worried-to-death-the-assessment-and-management-of-anxiety-in-patients-with-advanced-life-limiting-disease-a-national-survey-of-palliative-medicine-physicians
#6
N Atkin, V Vickerstaff, B Candy
BACKGROUND: Anxiety adversely affects quality of life and is common in adults with advanced life-limiting disease. There are no UK-wide guidelines on the assessment and management of anxiety in this specific population and there is little evidence regarding drug treatments. This study aimed to explore how palliative care physicians assess and manage anxiety in their patients, and to identify barriers encountered. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken of all physicians working in specialist palliative care in the UK who were members of the Association for Palliative Medicine...
December 11, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200549/ethics-in-psychiatric-research-issues-and-recommendations
#7
REVIEW
Shobhit Jain, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Rajesh Sagar
Psychiatric research has increased remarkably over recent decades to help in understanding the current trends and better therapeutic options for illness. On the other hand, there is also a trend toward higher rates of retraction of published papers in the recent years. Ethics is required to maintain and increase the overall quality and morality of research. Psychiatric research faces several unique ethical challenges. Ethical guidelines are very important tool of research which safeguards participants; however, there is a dearth of such guidelines in India...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110776/psychiatric-syndromes-other-than-dementia
#8
Karl Bechter, Florian Deisenhammer
There is wide variability in how psychiatry guidelines and textbooks address the question of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diagnostics in the screening of psychiatric disorders. A United States-based textbook confirms that there is no consensus about which laboratory investigation should be routinely performed in psychiatric patients, but with respect to CSF diagnostics, the differences are even more striking. A survey among European experts showed a wide variety of opinions regarding clinical use and criteria in various countries of Europe and worldwide: some psychiatrists, mostly university hospital-based, recommended performing CSF diagnostics in every patient first experiencing severe mental illness (SMI), but especially in patients from the schizophrenia spectrum, whereas others almost never perform CSF examinations themselves and usually refer patients to neurology departments if necessary...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078005/psychological-treatments-for-people-with-epilepsy
#9
REVIEW
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Janelle L Wagner, Avani C Modi, William Curt LaFrance, Laura H Goldstein, Tobias Lundgren, Markus Reuber
BACKGROUND: Given the significant impact epilepsy can have on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of individuals with epilepsy and their families, there is great clinical interest in evidence-based psychological treatments, aimed at enhancing psychological well-being in people with epilepsy. A review of the current evidence was needed to assess the effects of psychological treatments for people with epilepsy on HRQoL outcomes, in order to inform future therapeutic recommendations and research designs...
October 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052262/diversion-evaluations-a-specialized-forensic-examination
#10
Virginia Barber-Rioja, Merrill Rotter, Faith Schombs
Diversion programs screen justice-involved individuals for the presence of psychiatric disorders, and after negotiations take place with attorneys and treatment providers, these programs link participants with community-based treatment programs in lieu of incarceration. As the number of diversion programs, including mental health courts, continues to rapidly grow, so does the need for "diversion evaluations". Diversion evaluations are a type of forensic mental health assessment (FMHA) conducted to assist the courts in making decisions regarding diversion eligibility...
October 19, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051136/using-google-glass-in-nonsurgical-medical-settings-systematic-review
#11
Bryn Dougherty, Sherif M Badawy
BACKGROUND: Wearable technologies provide users hands-free access to computer functions and are becoming increasingly popular on both the consumer market and in various industries. The medical industry has pioneered research and implementation of head-mounted wearable devices, such as Google Glass. Most of this research has focused on surgical interventions; however, other medical fields have begun to explore the potential of this technology to support both patients and clinicians. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to systematically evaluate the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of using Google Glass in nonsurgical medical settings and to determine the benefits, limitations, and future directions of its application...
October 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982961/mechanisms-in-endocrinology-maternal-thyroid-dysfunction-during-pregnancy-and-behavioural-and-psychiatric-disorders-of-children-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Dagnachew Muluye Fetene, Kim S Betts, Rosa Alati
BACKGROUND: Maternal thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy may lead to persistent neurodevelopmental disorders in the offspring appearing in later life. This study aimed to review the available evidence concerning the relationship between maternal thyroid status during pregnancy and offspring behavioural and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Systematic electronic database searches were conducted using PubMed, Embase, PsycNET, Scopus, Google Scholar and Cochrane library...
November 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928043/treating-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-pediatrics
#13
Polina Umylny, Miguelina German, Alexa Lantiere
Postpartum psychiatric disorders represent a significant public health problem that has not been readily addressed, particularly in the primary care setting. As maternal mood and anxiety difficulties are associated with a number of adverse outcomes for the mother, her offspring and the family system, addressing these concerns during the perinatal period is of critical importance. Although researchers and clinicians have become increasingly aware of the problem, postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) remain widely unrecognized and poorly understood by both patients and providers...
October 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906602/addressing-diagnosis-and-treatment-gaps-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Rakesh Jain, Saundra Jain, C Brendan Montano
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was originally defined in children but is now recognized to persist into adulthood for some patients. Despite this recognition, adult ADHD remains underdiagnosed. This narrative review describes the negative impact of ADHD across multiple functional domains, diagnostic guidelines for adult ADHD and its clinical features, the importance of screening tools and clinical interviews to help evaluate adults for ADHD, and adult ADHD treatment options. Diagnostic guidelines for ADHD now incorporate adult-specific symptoms and behavioral manifestations, which may aid in diagnosing adult ADHD...
September 7, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889207/antipsychotic-induced-hyperprolactinemia-synthesis-of-world-wide-guidelines-and-integrated-recommendations-for-assessment-management-and-future-research
#15
REVIEW
Jasmin Grigg, Roisin Worsley, Caroline Thew, Caroline Gurvich, Natalie Thomas, Jayashri Kulkarni
RATIONALE: Hyperprolactinemia is a highly prevalent adverse effect of many antipsychotic agents, with potentially serious health consequences. Several guidelines have been developed for the management of this condition; yet, their concordance has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this paper were (1) to review current clinical guidelines; (2) to review key systematic evidence for management; and (3) based on our findings, to develop an integrated management recommendation specific to male and female patients who are otherwise clinically stabilised on antipsychotics...
November 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840934/measurement-based-care-in-psychiatry
#16
Jessica Waldrop, Teena M McGuinness
Measurement-based care (MBC) uses patient-reported rating scales in conjunction with evidence-based clinical practice guidelines to provide an objective assessment of patient progress over time to guide a more precise plan of care. Use of MBC is routine in medical disease management. Unfortunately, MBC is not standard practice in psychiatric care. The current nonsystematic approach to the delivery of mental health care has created considerable variability in practice and may stall recovery. Although MBC has proven benefits, there are perceived barriers to its implementation...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764994/alexithymia-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is a multidimensional personality construct characterized by difficulties identifying and describing one's feelings, and externally oriented thinking. Although extensively reported in psychiatric patients, little attention has been paid regarding its occurrence and its pathophysiology in the context of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A research was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines aiming to identify original research articles in English and French languages about alexithymia in MS...
September 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665542/effects-of-stepped-psychooncological-care-on-referral-to-psychosocial-services-and-emotional-well-being-in-cancer-patients-a-cluster-randomized-phase-iii-trial
#18
Susanne Singer, Helge Danker, Julia Roick, Jens Einenkel, Susanne Briest, Henning Spieker, Andreas Dietz, Isabell Hoffmann, Kirsten Papsdorf, Jürgen Meixensberger, Joachim Mössner, Franziska Schiefke, Anja Dietel, Hubert Wirtz, Dietger Niederwieser, Thomas Berg, Anette Kersting
OBJECTIVE: Emotional distress in cancer patients often goes unnoticed in daily routine; therefore, distress screening is now recommended in many national guidelines. However, screening alone does not necessarily translate into better well-being. We examined whether stepped psychooncological care improves referral to consultation-liaison (CL) services and improves well-being. METHODS: In a cluster-randomized trial, wards were randomly allocated to stepped versus standard care...
October 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597857/services-for-depression-and-suicide-in-thailand
#19
Thoranin Kongsuk, Suttha Supanya, Kedsaraporn Kenbubpha, Supranee Phimtra, Supattra Sukhawaha, Jintana Leejongpermpoon
Depression, together with suicide is an important contributor to the burden of disease in Thailand. Until recently, depression has been significantly under-recognized in the country. The lack of response to this health challenge has been compounded by a low level of access to standard care, constraints on mental health personnel and inadequate dissemination of knowledge in caring for people with these disorders. In the past decade, significant work has been undertaken to establish a new evidence-based surveillance and care system for depression and suicide in Thailand that operates at all levels of health-care provision nationwide...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597852/mental-health-policies-in-south-east-asia-and-the-public-health-role-of-screening-instruments-for-depression
#20
Pratap Sharan, Rajesh Sagar, Saurabh Kumar
The World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region, which contributes one quarter of the world's population, has a significant burden due to mental illnesses. Mental health has been a low priority in most countries of the region. Although most of these countries have national mental health policies, implementation at ground level remains a huge challenge. Many countries in the region lack mental health legislation that can safeguard the rights of people with mental illnesses, and governments have allocated low budgets for mental health services...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
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