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Suicidal children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241433/long-run-trends-in-antidepressant-use-among-youths-after-the-fda-black-box-warning
#1
Nilay Kafali, Ana Progovac, Sherry Shu-Yeu Hou, Benjamin Lê Cook
OBJECTIVE: In October 2004, the Food and Drug Administration directed pharmaceutical companies to issue a black box warning about the potential link between the use of antidepressants and suicidal ideation among children. This study analyzed long-run trends in antidepressant use among children before and after the black box warning for those with and without severe psychological impairment. METHODS: The analysis used data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey for children ages five to 17, covering years 2000-2011 (N=75,819)...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230987/-comparison-of-criminal-characteristics-in-depression-patients-and-schizophrenics-with-homicide-behavior
#2
J Wang, P X Fu, Y L Gao, M X Zhu, T T Shi
OBJECTIVES: To explore the criminal characteristics of forensic psychiatry expertise in depression patients and schizophrenics with homicide behavior. METHODS: A total of 40 depression (depressive episode) patients and 50 schizophrenics with homicide behavior were randomly assigned into the study group and control group, respectively. Data of demographic and criminal characteristic of the two groups were collected by a self-designed questionnaire, and then were compared...
June 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228916/physical-and-psychosomatic-health-outcomes-in-people-bereaved-by-suicide-compared-to-people-bereaved-by-other-modes-of-death-a-systematic-review
#3
Ailbhe Spillane, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Fiona Riordan, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted into the physical health implications of suicide bereavement compared to other causes of death. There is some evidence that suicide bereaved parents have higher morbidity, particularly in terms of chronic illness. This systematic review aims to examine the physical and psychosomatic morbidities of people bereaved by a family member's suicide and compare them with family members bereaved by other modes of death. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from 1985 to February 2016...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#4
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216233/parental-absence-predicts-suicide-ideation-through-emotional-disorders
#5
Mingchen Fu, Yan Xue, Weihe Zhou, Ti-Fei Yuan
The objectives of the study were to investigate the association between the parental absence and suicide ideation and to examine the roles of emotional disorders in the aforementioned relationship. Four thousand five hundred and thirteen children from rural areas in Jiangsu Province, China, participated in the study. Among the participants, 2416 were non-left-behind children (children living with both parents) and 1997 were left-behind children (children living with the absence of at least one parent). All participants responded to the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children, and a question regarding respondents' suicide ideation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206686/adverse-childhood-experiences-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Daniel W Hoover, Joan Kaufman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent years have shown an uptick in studies assessing bullying and other adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This article reviews extant findings, and points to gaps in the literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Children with ASD are bullied by peers at a rate three to four times that of nondisabled peers with negative impacts on academic functioning and mental health symptoms, including increased risk for suicidality...
December 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202664/suicide-attempts-and-completions-among-mothers-whose-children-were-taken-into-care-by-child-protection-services-a-cohort-study-using-linkable-administrative-data
#7
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, Marni Brownell, Nathan Nickel, Dan Chateau, Deepa Singal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine suicide attempts and completions among mothers who had a child taken into care by child protection services (CPS). These mothers were compared with their biological sisters who did not have a child taken into care and with mothers who received services from CPS but did not have a child taken into care. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of mothers whose first child was born in Manitoba, Canada, between April 1, 1992, and March 31, 2015, is used...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202096/trafficking-of-vietnamese-women-and-girls-for-marriage-in-china
#8
Heidi Stöckl, Ligia Kiss, Jobst Koehler, Dung Thuy Dong, Cathy Zimmerman
Background: Bride-trafficking has been a growing phenomenon in Southeast Asia, particularly in China, where one-child policies have resulted in demographic imbalances favoring males. Yet, empirical evidence about women and girls sold into marriage in China remains sparse. Methods: This study describes the experiences of 51 Vietnamese women and girls as young as 14 in post-trafficking services who were sold into marriage in China. A consecutive sample of individuals from five services in Vietnam were invited to be interviewed within the first 2 weeks of admission...
2017: Global health research and policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199945/evaluating-mental-health-service-use-during-and-after-emergency-department-visits-in-a-multisite-cohort-of-canadian-children-and-youth
#9
Mario Cappelli, Paula Cloutier, Amanda S Newton, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, Samina Ali, Kathryn A Dong, Clare Gray, Allison Kennedy, John S Lyons, Christine Polihronis, Rhonda J Rosychuk
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine the mental health needs of children and youth who present to the emergency department (ED) for mental health care and to describe the type of, and satisfaction with, follow-up mental health services accessed. METHODS: A 6-month to 1.5-year prospective cohort study was conducted in three Canadian pediatric EDs and one general ED, with a 1-month follow-up post-ED discharge. Measures included 1) clinician rating of mental health needs, 2) patient and caregiver self-reports of follow-up services, and 3) interviews regarding follow-up satisfaction...
December 4, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195806/-evolution-of-suicide-attempts-in-a-tunisian-clinical-population-between-2005%C3%A2-and-2015-new-modalities-for-young-people-to-commit-suicide
#10
S Halayem, H Ounalli, M Boudali, M Hajri, Z Abbes, A Bouden
INTRODUCTION: Suicide and suicide attempts represent a worldwide health priority. The aim of our study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of young suicide attempters among a clinical population and to assess their potential evolution over a period of11 years. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive retrospective study among a clinical population of suicide attempters referred to the child psychiatric department of the Razi hospital, the inpatient reference department in the north and center of Tunisia, between January 2005 and December 2015...
November 28, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189044/desvenlafaxine-versus-placebo-in-a-fluoxetine-referenced-study-of-children-and-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#11
Karen L Weihs, William Murphy, Richat Abbas, Deborah Chiles, Richard D England, Sara Ramaker, Dalia B Wajsbrot
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of desvenlafaxine (25-50 mg/d) compared with placebo in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Outpatient children (7-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for MDD and had screening and baseline Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) total scores >40 were randomly assigned to 8-week treatment with placebo, desvenlafaxine (25, 35, or 50 mg/d based on baseline weight), or fluoxetine (20 mg/d)...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185786/desvenlafaxine-versus-placebo-in-the-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#12
Sarah Atkinson, Shannon Lubaczewski, Sara Ramaker, Richard D England, Dalia B Wajsbrot, Richat Abbas, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of desvenlafaxine versus placebo in the treatment of children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Outpatient children (7-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for MDD and had screening and baseline Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) total scores >40 were randomly assigned to 8 weeks of treatment with placebo, low exposure desvenlafaxine (20, 30, or 35 mg/day based on baseline weight), or higher exposure desvenlafaxine (25, 35, or 50 mg/day based on baseline weight)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181092/efficacy-of-multisystemic-therapy-in-youths-aged-10-17-with-severe-antisocial-behaviour-and-emotional-disorders-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Jia Xuan Tan, Maria Lourdes Restrepo Fajardo
Background: Antisocial behaviour and conduct disorders are the most common behavioural and mental health problems in children and young people globally. An efficacious intervention is needed to manage these antisocial behaviours that have costly consequences. Multisystemic Therapy (MST), an intensive home-based intervention for youths with psychosocial and behavioural problems, is recommended under National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines for conduct disorder. However, reviews on the efficacy of MST are mixed...
November 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180462/global-human-trafficking-and-child-victimization
#14
Jordan Greenbaum, Nia Bodrick
Trafficking of children for labor and sexual exploitation violates basic human rights and constitutes a major global public health problem. Pediatricians and other health care professionals may encounter victims who present with infections, injuries, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidality, or a variety of other physical or behavioral health conditions. Preventing child trafficking, recognizing victimization, and intervening appropriately require a public health approach that incorporates rigorous research on the risk factors, health impact, and effective treatment options for child exploitation as well as implementation and evaluation of primary prevention programs...
November 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179142/the-relationship-of-person-specific-eveningness-chronotype-greater-seasonality-and-less-rhythmicity-to-suicidal-behavior-a-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Meredith E Rumble, Daniel Dickson, W Vaughn McCall, Andrew D Krystal, Doug Case, Peter B Rosenquist, Ruth M Benca
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data have demonstrated seasonal and circadian patterns of suicidal deaths. Several reviews and meta-analyses have confirmed the relationship between sleep disturbance and suicidality. However, these reviews/meta-analyses have not focused on seasonal and circadian dysfunction in relation to suicidality, despite the common presence of this dysfunction in patients with mood disorders. Thus, the current literature review analyzed studies investigating person-specific chronotype, seasonality, and rhythmicity in relation to suicidal thoughts and behaviors...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178114/outcomes-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-global-functioning-and-symptoms-persistence
#16
Ahmed Al Ansari, Randah R Hamadeh, Haitham Jahrami, Eman A Haji
Many adolescents with ADHD show antisocial behaviour and low educational achievement. These issues have not been validated in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region. The objective of this study was to assess the global functioning and behaviour of children with ADHD growing into adolescence 10 years after initial diagnosis. Parents were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, Conner's Short Version Test and the Children's Global Assessment Scale. Nearly half of our sample had low academic achievement and 36% had no friends...
November 19, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164828/attenuated-psychosis-and-basic-self-disturbance-as-risk-factors-for-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-behaviour-in-community-dwelling-adolescents
#17
Dan Koren, Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Liza Lacoua, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Aya Zelezniak, Josef Parnas, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adolescents at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis, as defined by the presence of attenuated psychosis symptoms (APS), exhibit increased levels of suicidal ideation and behaviour. However, no research thus far has examined the link between basic self-disturbances (SDs), an established marker for CHR, and suicidality/self-harm in this population. The goal of this pilot study was to assess the association between SD, depression and suicidal ideation and behaviour among non-help-seeking adolescents from the community...
November 22, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164445/changes-in-depressive-symptoms-among-adolescents-with-asd-completing-the-peers%C3%A2-social-skills-intervention
#18
Hillary K Schiltz, Alana J McVey, Bridget K Dolan, Kirsten S Willar, Sheryl Pleiss, Jeffrey S Karst, Audrey M Carson, Christina Caiozzo, Elisabeth M Vogt, Brianna D Yund, Amy Vaughan Van Hecke
Depression is a common concern among people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and is often associated with social skills and relationship challenges. The present data, from a randomized controlled trial, examined the effect of PEERS® on self-reported depressive symptoms via the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) among 49 adolescents with ASD. Findings revealed that many CDI subscale scores declined (p's < 0.05) and were related to direct social contact on the Quality of Socialization Questionnaire at posttest (p's < 0...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164350/predictors-of-partial-hospital-readmission-for-young-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#19
John R Boekamp, Richard T Liu, Sarah E Martin, Lauren R Mernick, Mia DeMarco, Anthony Spirito
This study aimed to: (1) examine rates of readmission among young children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) following discharge from a psychiatric partial hospital treatment program, and (2) examine child factors (i.e., age, sex, co-occurring diagnoses, suicidality) and family factors (i.e., parental depression, stress) as prospective predictors of readmission. Participants were 261 children (ages 3-7 years) who entered the study at the time of their initial program admission and who met DSM-IV criteria for ODD...
November 21, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162345/postacute-care-after-pediatric-hospitalizations-for-a-primary-mental-health-condition
#20
James C Gay, Bonnie T Zima, Tumaini R Coker, Stephanie K Doupnik, Matthew Hall, Jonathan Rodean, Margaret O'Neill, Rustin Morse, Kris P Rehm, Jay G Berry, Naomi S Bardach
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of US children hospitalized for a primary mental health condition who are discharged to postacute care (PAC); whether PAC discharge is associated with demographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics; and whether PAC use varies by state. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a nationally representative sample of US acute care hospitalizations for children ages 2-20 years with a primary mental health diagnosis, using the 2009 and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Databases...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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