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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910261/borderline-personality-disorder-features-emotion-dysregulation-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-preliminary-findings-in-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-italian-adolescents
#1
Antonella Somma, Carla Sharp, Serena Borroni, Andrea Fossati
In order to assess the relationships among borderline personality disorder features, non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and emotion dysregulation, 122 community-dwelling Italian adolescents were administered by the Italian translations of the Borderline Personality Features Scale for Children-11, the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). Regression models showed that both Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory (DSHI) and DERS scores significantly predicted Borderline Personality Features Scale for Children-11 total score; moreover, the DSHI total score significantly predicted the DERS total score...
December 2, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#2
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896587/psychological-and-behavioral-issues-in-the-management-of-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
REVIEW
William Qubty, Amy A Gelfand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is sometimes assumed that children and adolescents with migraine have a psychiatric or behavioral comorbidity, a belief that can be stigmatizing. This review will examine the recent literature addressing this area to determine if pediatric and adolescent migraineurs are at increased risk for psychiatric comorbidity and to discuss management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: A large systematic review of pediatric and adolescent studies concluded anxiety and depression were not associated with onset of recurrent headaches...
December 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881107/risk-of-repeated-self-harm-and-associated-factors-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults
#4
Marco Bennardi, Elaine McMahon, Paul Corcoran, Eve Griffin, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Repeated self-harm represents the single strongest risk factor for suicide. To date no study with full national coverage has examined the pattern of hospital repeated presentations due to self-harm among young people. METHODS: Data on consecutive self-harm presentations were obtained from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland. Socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics of individuals aged 10-29 years who presented with self-harm to emergency departments in Ireland (2007-2014) were analysed...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869460/correction-to-tsypes-et-al-2016
#5
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Neural Responses to Gains and Losses in Children of Suicide Attempters" by Aliona Tsypes, Max Owens, Greg Hajcak and Brandon E. Gibb (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Nov 3, 2016, np). In the original article, Figure 1 had incorrect axis labels. There was also an error in the abstract, which did not state that ΔFN was calculated as FN to losses minus FN to gains. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-53087-001...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867244/community-based-organisations-for-vulnerable-children-in-south-africa-reach-psychosocial-correlates-and-potential-mechanisms
#6
A R Yakubovich, L Sherr, L D Cluver, S Skeen, I S Hensels, A Macedo, M Tomlinson
Community-based organisations (CBOs) have the potential to provide high quality services for orphaned and vulnerable children in resource-limited settings. However, evidence is lacking as to whether CBOs are reaching those who are most vulnerable, whether attending these organisations is associated with greater psychosocial wellbeing, and how they might work. This study addressed these three questions using cross-sectional data from 1848 South African children aged 9-13. Data were obtained from the Young Carers and Child Community Care studies, which both investigated child wellbeing in South Africa using standardised self-report measures...
March 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861888/double-hanging-with-single-ligature-an-unusual-method-in-suicide-pact
#7
Chittaranjan Behera, Ravi Rautji, Rajesh Kumar, Shashank Pooniya, Piyush Sharma, Sudhir Kumar Gupta
A married casual labor couple was found hanging in their makeshift bedroom with each end of a single chunni (a cloth worn around the neck by Indian women) spread across an iron bar below the roof. They left their two children, daughter, and son of 4 and 3 yrs age, respectively, with their grandmother living separately nearby, and went to attend cremation of one of their relatives. They returned late in the evening and found hanging in their bedroom next morning by neighbors.
November 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857645/la50-in-burn-injuries
#8
K Seyed-Forootan, H Karimi, S A Motevalian, M Momeni, R Safari, M Ghadarjani
Burn injuries put a huge financial burden on patients and healthcare systems. They are the 8th leading cause of mortality and the 13th most common cause of morbidity in our country. We used data from our Burn Registry Program to evaluate risk factors for mortality and lethal area fifty percent (LA50) in all burn patients admitted over two years. We used multiple logistic regressions to identify risk factors for mortality. LA50 is a reliable aggregate index for hospital care quality and a good measure for comparing results, also with those of other countries...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857643/clinical-and-demographic-features-of-burn-injuries-in-karachi-a-six-year-experience-at-the-burns-centre-civil-hospital-karachi
#9
S A Ali, S Hamiz-Ul-Fawwad, E Al-Ibran, G Ahmed, A Saleem, D Mustafa, M Hussain
Burn injuries are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, with 195,000 deaths annually. This study was conducted to identify the demographics of burn victims and the effect of different variables on the outcome of their injuries. 4016 patients admitted to the Burns Centre, Civil Hospital Karachi from January 2006 to December 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographics, burn injury details and their outcome were recorded in a pre-designed questionnaire. Injuries were categorized as: fire, chemical, scald or electrical...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853393/acute-abdomen-as-a-consequence-of-an-unusual-suicide-attempt-intra-abdominal-injection-of-sulfuric-acid
#10
Anna Lepore, Davide D'Antini, Pasquale Raimondo, Lucia Mirabella, Leonardo Pennisi, Giuseppe Carrillo, Antonella Cotoia, Michele Dambrosio, Gilda Cinnella
Caustic ingestion is a common cause of life-threatening upper gastrointestinal tract injuries. It mostly happens in children as accidental exposure, but may occur in adults as a result of suicide attempt. We present a case of an acute abdomen that occurred after a peculiar way of self-administration of sulfuric acid as a suicide attempt in an adult psychiatric male patient, already known for self-harm with caustic agents in the previous years. In a few hours, the patient developed diffuse peritonitis, pneumoperitoneum, and a rapid hemodynamic deterioration, as a consequence of ileum and sigmoid necrosis, requiring an emergency surgery with the application of a damage control strategy...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852002/risk-factors-for-child-mental-health-problems-in-lithuania-the-role-of-parental-nationality
#11
Viviane Kovess Masfety, Sigita Lesinskiene, Mathilde M Husky, Anders Boyd, Phuong Ha, Christophe Fermanian, Ondine Pez
BACKGROUND: We compare the mental health status of children who reside in Lithuania with parents who are either Lithuanian nationals or non-Lithuanian nationals. METHOD: Data were drawn from the School Child Mental Health Europe survey (SCMHE), a cross-sectional survey of school children aged 6-11years. A total of 1152 Lithuanian children participated, among them 11.7% from a non-Lithuanian family. Child mental health was assessed using the Dominique Interactive (DI) and the parent- and teacher Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
October 26, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837165/pattern-of-unnatural-deaths-among-children-an-autopsy-study
#12
Praveen Athani, Basappa S Hugar, S Harish, Y P Girishchandra
This study was conducted at the M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, between October 2007 and September 2009 to analyse the age and sex distribution of unnatural deaths in children, patterns and manner of death. Detailed information regarding the circumstances of death was sought from the relatives, friends and police. The scene of occurrence was visited, and photographs of the scene of occurrence were examined in relevant cases. Unnatural deaths in children constituted 6.62% of the total autopsies conducted...
November 11, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833689/hours-and-miles-patient-and-health-system-implications-of-transfer-for-psychiatric-bed-capacity
#13
Amy M O'Neil, Annie T Sadosty, Kalyan S Pasupathy, Christopher Russi, Christine M Lohse, Ronna L Campbell
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of behavioral health (BH) patients are presenting to the emergency department (ED) while BH resources continue to decline. This situation-may lead to more external transfers to find care. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients presenting to a tertiary care academic ED from February 1, 2013, through January 31, 2014. Patients were identified through electronic health record documentation of psychiatric consultation during ED evaluation...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832676/editorial-to-child-and-adolescence-psychopharmacology
#14
G Juckel
The editors of Pharmacopsychiatry have decided in 2016 to prepare special issues regularly in order provide our readers volumes of the journal with a thematic focus 1. The first such special issue is dedicated to the field of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. Many young patients are treated with psychotherapeutic, but also pharmacotherapeutic, methods worldwide. Most of our psychopharmacological agents are not approved by the federal institutions for persons under 18 years old. However, severe mental illnesses like schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, ADHD, and bipolar disorder frequently require pharmacological treatments in children and adolescents...
November 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830640/anxiety-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-stressful-life-events-in-non-cardiac-adolescent-chest-pain-a-comparative-study-about-the-hidden-part-of-the-iceberg
#15
Kayi Eliacik, Ali Kanik, Nurullah Bolat, Hilal Mertek, Baris Guven, Ulas Karadas, Buket Dogrusoz, Ali Rahmi Bakiler
Chest pain in adolescents is rarely associated with cardiac disease. Adolescents with medically unexplained chest pain usually have high levels of anxiety and depression. Psychological stress may trigger non-cardiac chest pain. This study evaluated risk factors that particularly characterise adolescence, such as major stressful events, in a clinical population. The present study was conducted on 100 adolescents with non-cardiac chest pain and 76 control subjects. Stressful life events were assessed by interviewing patients using a 36-item checklist, along with the Children's Depression Inventory and Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for children, in both groups...
November 10, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826269/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-familism-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-latino-population
#16
REVIEW
Esmeralda Valdivieso-Mora, Casie L Peet, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Monica Salazar-Villanea, David K Johnson
Background:Familismo or familism is a cultural value frequently seen in Hispanic cultures, in which a higher emphasis is placed on the family unit in terms of respect, support, obligation, and reference. Familism has been implicated as a protective factor against mental health problems and may foster the growth and development of children. This study aims at measuring the size of the relationship between familism and mental health outcomes of depression, suicide, substance abuse, internalizing, and externalizing behaviors...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822981/childhood-emotional-abuse-self-other-attachment-and-hopelessness-in-african-american-women
#17
Ashly L Gaskin-Wasson, Martha R Calamaras, Devon LoParo, Bradley L Goodnight, Brittany C Remmert, Temilola Salami, Sallie Mack, Nadine J Kaslow
There is evidence that individuals emotionally abused as children endorse more hopelessness, a precursor of suicidal behavior in adulthood. However, there has been little focus on this association among African-Americans or on factors that may mediate the childhood emotional abuse (CEA) - adult hopelessness link. The present study examined whether CEA is linked to hopelessness in adulthood in African-American women suicide attempters and if adult self and other attachment models mediate this association. Participants included 116 African-American women recruited from a large, urban hospital...
November 8, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820680/a-developmental-social-neuroscience-model-for-understanding-loneliness-in-adolescence
#18
Nichol M L Wong, Patcy Yeung, Tatia M C Lee
Loneliness is prevalent in adolescents. Although it can be a normative experience, children and adolescents who experience loneliness are often at risk for anxiety, depression, and suicide. Research efforts have been made to identify the neurobiological basis of such distressful feelings in our social brain. In adolescents, the social brain is still undergoing significant development, which may contribute to their increased and differential sensitivity to the social environment. Many behavioral studies have shown the significance of attachment security and social skills in adolescents' interactions with the social world...
November 7, 2016: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818961/the-effect-of-paternal-addiction-on-adolescent-suicide-attempts-a-qualitative-study
#19
Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan, Farkhondeh Sharif, Zahra Molazem, Arash Mani
BACKGROUND: Research shows that parents have an immense influence over their children's behavior during adolescence. Adolescents who grow up with parents who are addicted to drugs and alcohol are more likely to turn to self-destructive behaviors such as suicide attempts. Because addiction in Iran is a primarily masculine phenomenon and in traditional Iranian culture, the father is responsible for family affairs and is recognized as the family provider, paternal addiction affects adolescent children...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811835/quickstats-death-rates-for-motor-vehicle-traffic-injury-suicide-%C3%A2-and-homicide-%C3%A2-among-children-and-adolescents-aged-10-14-years-united-states-1999-2014
#20
(no author information available yet)
In 1999, the mortality rate for children and adolescents aged 10-14 years for deaths from motor vehicle traffic injury (4.5 per 100,000) was about four times higher than the rate for deaths for suicide and homicide (both at 1.2). From 1999 to 2014, the death rate for motor vehicle traffic injury declined 58%, to 1.9 in 2014 (384 deaths). From 1999 to 2007, the death rate for suicide fluctuated and then doubled from 2007 (0.9) to 2014 (2.1, 425 deaths). The death rate for homicide gradually declined to 0.8 in 2014...
November 4, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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