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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546138/mental-health-mobile-apps-for-preadolescents-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Rebecca Grist, Joanna Porter, Paul Stallard
BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of mobile apps available for adolescents with mental health problems and an increasing interest in assimilating mobile health (mHealth) into mental health services. Despite the growing number of apps available, the evidence base for their efficacy is unclear. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to systematically appraise the available research evidence on the efficacy and acceptability of mobile apps for mental health in children and adolescents younger than 18 years...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544045/are-there-sensitive-periods-when-child-maltreatment-substantially-elevates-suicide-risk-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#2
Stephanie H Gomez, Jenny Tse, Yan Wang, Brianna Turner, Alexander J Millner, Matthew K Nock, Erin C Dunn
BACKGROUND: Although child maltreatment is a well documented risk factor for suicidal behavior, little is known about whether the timing of child maltreatment differentially associates with risk of suicidal ideation, suicide plans, or suicide attempts. The goal of this study was to examine whether a first exposure to physical or sexual abuse during specific developmental periods significantly elevated risk for suicidal behavior in adolescents. METHODS: Data came from the National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement, a population-based sample of US adolescents aged 13-18 years old (n = 9,272)...
May 23, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536190/pediatric-firearm-related-injuries-in-the-united-states
#3
REVIEW
Kavita Parikh, Alyssa Silver, Shilpa J Patel, Sabah F Iqbal, Monika Goyal
Pediatric firearm-related deaths and injuries are a national public health crisis. In this Special Review Article, we characterize the epidemiology of firearm-related injuries in the United States and discuss public health programs, the role of pediatricians, and legislative efforts to address this health crisis. Firearm-related injuries are leading causes of unintentional injury deaths in children and adolescents. Children are more likely to be victims of unintentional injuries, the majority of which occur in the home, and adolescents are more likely to suffer from intentional injuries due to either assault or suicide attempts...
May 23, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#4
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510296/pharmacokinetics-and-safety-of-single-dose-inhaled-loxapine-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Sally Selim, Robert Riesenberg, James Cassella, Jeevan Kunta, Edward Hellriegel, Mark A Smith, Alexander A Vinks, Laura Rabinovich-Guilatt
This multisite open-label study sought to characterize the pharmacokinetics and safety of a single dose of inhaled loxapine in children and adolescents. Loxapine powder for oral inhalation was administered via a single-use handheld drug device to children and adolescents (aged 10-17 years) with any condition warranting chronic antipsychotic use. Patients were dosed according to body weight and cohort (<50 kg [n = 15], 2.5 or 5 mg; ≥50 kg [n = 15], 5 or 10 mg); the first 6 patients (cohort 1) enrolled in each weight group received the lower dose...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509573/adverse-events-of-atomoxetine-in-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-in-children-with-autism
#6
Rameshwari V Tumuluru, Patricia Corbett-Dick, Michael G Aman, Tristram Smith, L Eugene Arnold, Xueliang Pan, Kristin A Buchan-Page, Nicole V Brown, Melissa M Ryan, Susan L Hyman, Jessica Hellings, Craig Williams, Jill A Hollway, Luc Lecavalier, Robert R Rice, Sarah McAuliffe-Bellin, Benjamin L Handen
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, including inattention and over activity, occur in approximately one-third of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We describe the rate and duration of adverse events in a randomized controlled trial of atomoxetine (ATX) and parent training (PT) for ADHD symptoms and noncompliance in children with ASD. METHODS: We conducted a 10-week, double-blind, 2 × 2 trial of ATX and PT with 128 children (ages 5-14) randomized to ATX alone, ATX+PT, placebo+PT, or placebo alone...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490278/the-perceived-experience-of-children-bereaved-by-parental-suicide
#7
Jennifer K Schreiber, Diana C Sands, John R Jordan
Children whose parent died by suicide are a vulnerable and underserved population. This phenomenon will be described, as well as implications for practice and research. "Double Whammy," a conceptualization of the overall experience of this marginalized group, emerged through two in-depth interviews from a phenomenological qualitative study with professionals who facilitate support groups for children bereaved by parental suicide. It was corroborated with current literature and practice experiences of the authors and their colleagues...
June 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488265/the-potential-role-of-attitudes-towards-suicide-between-mental-health-status-and-suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#8
L Tan, Q H Yang, J L Chen, H X Zou, T S Xia, Y Liu
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the contributions of mental health status and attitudes towards suicide on suicidal ideation in a sample of 6568 Chinese children and adolescents in China. Attitudes towards suicide were investigated as a possible moderator and mediator of the influence of mental health status on suicidal ideation. METHODS: Descriptive statistical analyses, Pearson correlation analyses and hierarchical regression analyses were adopted as methods of data analyses...
May 9, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472748/in%C3%A2-vivo-cardiovascular-toxicity-induced-by-acetochlor-in-zebrafish-larvae
#9
Hongcui Liu, Tianyi Chu, Lili Chen, Wenjun Gui, Guonian Zhu
The risk of acetochlor to human health is still unclear, prompting concern over its risk, especially to pesticide suicides population, occupational population (farmers, retailers and pharmaceutical workers), and special population (young children and infants, pregnant women, older people, and those with compromised immune systems). This study was to explore the toxic effect and the possible mechanism of toxic action of acetochlor using zebrafish larvae whose toxicity profiles have been confirmed to be strikingly similar with mammalian...
April 21, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463436/ethical-considerations-for-involving-latina-adolescents-in-mental-health-research
#10
Allison L McCord
TOPIC: US Latina adolescents experience significant mental health disparities, such as depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation and, therefore, should be involved in research studies focused on minimizing these health disparities. However, researchers must consider the specific ways this population is vulnerable and provide adequate protections to reduce risks related to these vulnerabilities. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe the different ways that Latina adolescents with mental health problems can be vulnerable research participants, identify strategies to protect this population during a research study, and describe steps taken to apply these strategies in an ongoing qualitative study examining depression in Latina adolescents...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452897/are-goods-for-guns-good-for-the-community-an-update-of-a-community-gun-buyback-program
#11
Jonathan Green, Rachelle N Damle, Rebecca E Kasper, Pina Violano, Mariann Manno, Pradeep P Nazarey, Jeremy T Aidlen, Michael P Hirsh
BACKGROUND: Gun violence remains a leading cause of death in the United States. Community gun buyback programs provide an opportunity to dispose of extraneous firearms. The purpose of this study was to understand the demographics, motivation, child access to firearms and household mental illness of buyback participants in hopes of improving the program's effectiveness. METHODS: A 2015 Injury Free Coalition for Kids gun buyback program which collaborated with local police departments was studied...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439289/bipolarity-and-suicidal-ideation-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Flórido Sampaio das Neves Peixoto, Danilo Ferreira de Sousa, Dayse Christina Rodrigues Pereira Luz, Nélio Barreto Vieira, Jucier Gonçalves Júnior, Gabriel Cabral Alencar Dos Santos, Flaviane Cristine Troglio da Silva, Modesto Leite Rolim Neto
BACKGROUND: Affective disorders in children and adolescents have received growing attention in the world scenario of mental health. Additionally, there has been an increasing prevalence of suicidal ideation in this population. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to demonstrate the main risk factors regarding the development of suicidal ideation in the bipolar disorder. METHODS: This is a systematic review with meta-analysis using the PRISMA protocol (http://www...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#13
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424157/childhood-adversity-and-risk-of-suicide-cohort-study-of-548%C3%A2-721-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#14
Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou, Emma Björkenstam
Objective To examine the relation between childhood adversity, the role of school performance, and childhood psychopathology and the risk of suicide.Design Cohort study of register based indicators of childhood adversity (at ages 0-14) including death in the family (suicide analysed separately), parental substance abuse, parental psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation/single parent household, receipt of public assistance, and residential instability.Setting Swedish medical birth register and various Swedish population based registers...
April 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423145/brief-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-anxiety-and-depression-in-primary-care-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
V Robin Weersing, David A Brent, Michelle S Rozenman, Araceli Gonzalez, Megan Jeffreys, John F Dickerson, Frances L Lynch, Giovanna Porta, Satish Iyengar
Importance: Anxiety and depression affect 30% of youth but are markedly undertreated compared with other mental disorders, especially in Hispanic populations. Objective: To examine whether a pediatrics-based behavioral intervention targeting anxiety and depression improves clinical outcome compared with referral to outpatient community mental health care. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 2-center randomized clinical trial with masked outcome assessment conducted between brief behavioral therapy (BBT) and assisted referral to care (ARC) studied 185 youths (aged 8...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#16
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412615/suicide-risk-among-young-children-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-follow-up-study
#17
Takeo Fujiwara, Junko Yagi, Hiroaki Homma, Hirobumi Mashiko, Keizo Nagao, Makiko Okuyama
On 11 March 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit East Japan. We aim to investigate the impact of trauma experiences related to the earthquake on suicide risk among young children, stratified by child sex. Participants at baseline were children who were exposed to the 2011 disaster at preschool age (affected area, n=198; unaffected area, n=82, total n=280). From July 2013 to May 2014, suicide risk was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) in a follow-up interview conducted by a child psychiatrist or psychologist (N=210, follow-up rate: 75%)...
April 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403747/prevalence-and-predictors-of-suicidal-ideations-and-attempts-among-homeless-children-and-adolescents-in-ghana
#18
Kwaku Oppong Asante, Anna Meyer-Weitz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with suicidal ideations and attempts among a sample of homeless street children and adolescents found in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a convenience sample of 227 (122 male and 105 female) homeless youth was conducted in Ghana. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data due to a low level of literacy among the study population. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were fitted to analyse the data...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395894/burden-of-separation-and-suicide-risk-of-prisoners-with-minor-children
#19
Sinja Krüger, Stefan Priebe, Rosemarie Fritsch, Adrian P Mundt
The present study aimed to explore the burden of separation from children and its relationship with suicide risk in prisoners with minor children at the moment of admission into the penal justice system. Suicide risk was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview in newly admitted female (n=198) and male (n=229) prisoners in Santiago de Chile. The burden of separation from minor children was rated on a numeric rating scale. Both genders showed high burden of separation from children at imprisonment...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394249/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-versus-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depression-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Although there are effective psychological treatments for unipolar major depression in adolescents, whether or not one or more of the available therapies maintain reduced depressive symptoms 1 year after the end of treatment is not known. This is a non-trivial issue because maintaining lowered depressive symptoms below a clinical threshold level reduces the risk for diagnostic relapse into the adult years. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not either of two specialist psychological treatments, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) or short-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (STPP), is more effective than a reference brief psychosocial intervention (BPI) in maintaining reduction of depression symptoms in the year after treatment...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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