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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339322/a-comparison-of-note-writers-and-no-note-writers-in-homicide-suicide-cases-in-germany
#1
Anna Weeke, Dietrich Oberwittler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate potential differences between homicide-suicide cases in which the perpetrator does or does not write a suicide note. As homicide-suicides are complex types of lethal violence for which the aggressor cannot be held accountable, suicide notes may be a valuable source of information about the background of these cases and the perpetrators' motives. METHODS: We use a national sample of N = 288 homicide-suicide cases in Germany applying group comparisons and chi-square tests for relevant variables...
March 24, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320869/prescription-opioid-exposures-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2000-2015
#2
Jakob D Allen, Marcel J Casavant, Henry A Spiller, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzes and compares exposures to prescription opioids among children and adolescents younger than 20 years old in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Poison Data System for 2000 through 2015 were analyzed. RESULTS: Poison control centers received reports of 188 468 prescription opioid exposures among children aged <20 years old from 2000 through 2015. The annual number and rate of exposures increased early in the study period, but declined after 2009, except for buprenorphine exposures, which increased during the last 3 study years...
March 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320380/loneliness-in-the-general-population-prevalence-determinants-and-relations-to-mental-health
#3
Manfred E Beutel, Eva M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Iris Reiner, Claus Jünger, Matthias Michal, Jörg Wiltink, Philipp S Wild, Thomas Münzel, Karl J Lackner, Ana N Tibubos
BACKGROUND: While loneliness has been regarded as a risk to mental and physical health, there is a lack of current community data covering a broad age range. This study used a large and representative German adult sample to investigate loneliness. METHODS: Baseline data of the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) collected between April 2007 and April 2012 (N = 15,010; 35-74 years), were analyzed. Recruitment for the community-based, prospective, observational cohort study was performed in equal strata for gender, residence and age decades...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318361/suicidal-ideation-and-associated-factors-among-students-aged-13-15-years-in-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-member-states-2007-2013
#4
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess suicidal ideation and associated factors in school-going adolescents in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states. METHODS: The analysis included 30,284 school children aged 13-15 years from seven ASEAN countries that participated in the cross-sectional global school-based student health survey (GSHS) between 2007 and 2013. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of suicidal ideation in the past 12 months across seven ASEAN countries was 12...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290943/bereaved-military-dependent-spouses-and-children-those-left-behind-in-a-decade-of-war-2001-2011
#5
Stephen J Cozza, Joscelyn E Fisher, Jing Zhou, Jill Harrington-LaMorie, Lareina La Flair, Carol S Fullerton, Robert J Ursano
BACKGROUND: U.S. military service members die from a variety of causes (i.e., accidents, combat, illnesses, homicide, suicide, and terrorism) while on duty and in greater numbers during times of war, leaving behind bereaved dependent family members. Identifying characteristics of these dependent families improves our understanding of their unique needs, helps educate service providers who offer assistance to these surviving family members, and better informs policy addressing their health and well-being...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262260/-suicidal-attempts-in-child-and-adolescent-and-bipolar-disorders
#6
N Dugand, S Thümmler, C Pradier, F Askenazy
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychiatrists are frequently confronted with suicide attempts and comorbid mood disorders. Diagnoses of juvenile bipolar disorders (BD) are rare and controversial and standardized assessment is helpful for a reliable diagnosis. The main objective of this study was to identify the number of juvenile bipolar disorder diagnoses according to DSM-5 criteria in a population of children and adolescents hospitalized for suicide attempts. Secondary objectives were the assessment of a patient's characteristics and the comparison of suicide attempt recurrence during 12 months of follow-up...
March 2, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261867/suicidal-ideation-depressive-symptomatology-and-self-concept-a-comparison-between-mexican-institutionalized-and-noninstitutionalized-children
#7
Ana-Maria Chavez-Hernandez, Fredi-Everardo Correa-Romero, Irma-Beatriz Acosta-Rojas, Karen-Viviana Cardoso-Espindola, Gustavo M Padilla-Gallegos, Isabel Valadez-Figueroa
Previous research reports a significant prevalence of child depression worldwide and self-concept as a predictor of depression and suicide behavior. Although suicide in children is an increasing problem in Mexico, there are scarce studies reporting risk factors and none of children in foster care institutions. This was a comparative, ex post facto study whose aim was to analyze associations between suicidal ideation, depression, and self-concept in two paired samples of Mexican children (83 institutionalized and 83 noninstitutionalized)...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238208/ask-me-self-reported-features-of-adolescents-experiencing-neglect-or-emotional-maltreatment-a-rapid-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
A M Naughton, L E Cowley, V Tempest, S A Maguire, M K Mann, A M Kemp
BACKGROUND: Neglect is often overlooked in adolescence, due in part to assumptions about autonomy and misinterpretation of behaviors being part of normal adolescent development. Emotional maltreatment (abuse or neglect) has a damaging effect throughout the lifespan, but is rarely recognized amongst adolescents. Our review aims to identify features that adolescents experiencing neglect and/ or emotional maltreatment report. METHOD: A rapid review methodology searched 8 databases (1990-2014), supplemented by hand searching journals, and references, identifying 2,568 abstracts...
February 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230432/nursing-children-and-young-people-what-mental-health-training-is-required
#9
Leah Thomas
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate the views of children and young people's nurses on the mental health training they had received and what recommendations they would make for future staff training. METHOD: Nine such nurses who had experience of nursing young people following self-harm or a suicide attempt were recruited. Data were collected using individual 45-minute semi-structured interviews and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221282/characteristics-and-triage-of-children-presenting-in-mental-health-crisis-to-emergency-departments-at-detroit-regional-hospitals
#10
Kristen Williams, Amanda R Levine, David M Ledgerwood, Alireza Amirsadri, Leslie H Lundahl
OBJECTIVES: The number of children in the United States utilizing emergency department (ED) services for psychiatric crises is increasing, and psychiatric-related ED visits disproportionately burden hospital resources. Yet, there is limited available information on the epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric mental health emergencies. The present study sought to characterize pediatric mental health-related ED presentations in a large urban center and identify factors predictive of inpatient hospitalization...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212474/-zinc-phosphide-poisoning-in-pediatric-patients-from-a-toxicology-center-at-mexico-city
#11
María Carmen Socorro Sánchez-Villegas, Alejandro Bárcena-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Zinc phosphide is a chemical compound that is frequently used as a rodenticide; it is a highly toxic product that is widely used, among other spaces, at home. Given that it is a highly commercialized pesticide and that there is no antidote, it is mandatory to establish favorably the clinical manifestations of the intoxication. The aim was to describe the epidemiological and clinical profile of children intoxicated with zinc phosphide attended in a toxicological center of a tertiary referral hospital...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211552/incidence-of-postpartum-depression-and-couple-relationship-quality
#12
Aleksandra Małus, Justyna Szyluk, Beata Galińska-Skok, Beata Konarzewska
OBJECTIVES: The childbirth constitutes a significant event in a woman's life and in the marital/ couple dyad. The changes which follow childbirth require re-organization of previous coping styles and development of new methods of adaptation, which proves difficult. The current study evaluated to what extent the development of postpartum depression symptoms in new mothers was associated with their level of satisfaction in marital relationship. METHODS: The study included 100 women in their first month after delivery...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190757/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#13
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184243/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-schoolchildren-in-cyprus-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-correlational-study
#14
Sokratous Sokratis, Ζilides Christos, Panagi Despo, Karanikola Maria
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms in the young constitute a public health issue. The current study aims to estimate: (a) the frequency of depressive symptoms in a sample of final grade elementary-school children in Cyprus, (b) the association among frequency of depressive symptoms, gender and nationality and, (c) the metric properties of the Greek-Cypriot version of the children's depression inventory (CDI). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with internal comparison was performed...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178041/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#15
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171792/support-groups-for-children-and-adolescents-bereaved-by-suicide-lots-of-interventions-little-evidence
#16
Katia Journot-Reverbel, Jean-Philippe Raynaud, Eric Bui, Alexis Revet
Though many different interventions are proposed for suicide-bereaved children and adolescents, few data exist concerning their efficiency. This literature review focused on psychosocial interventions specifically targeting children and adolescents bereaved by suicide to try to provide some validate therapeutic guidelines propositions for clinicians. We only found two articles specifically targeting children or adolescents: both of them seemed to show some efficacy in reducing some psychosocial variables (anxiety, depression…) in suicide-bereaved children but results were limited by methodological problems...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167004/e-cigarettes-an-update-on-considerations-for-the-otolaryngologist
#17
REVIEW
Sneh Biyani, Craig S Derkay
PURPOSE: We provide an update in the literature and national regulations regarding electronic cigarettes with special attention to the pediatric population. BACKGROUND: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are handheld battery operated devices that vaporize nicotine-containing liquids for inhalation. Use of these products has dramatically increased over the last several years, particularly among the youth. ENDS are being marketed with advertising techniques and flavors which appeal to the adolescent and young adult population...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165762/extended-release-guanfacine-in-pediatric-anxiety-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Jeffrey R Strawn, Scott N Compton, Brigitte Robertson, Anne Marie Albano, Mohamed Hamdani, Moira A Rynn
OBJECTIVE: This is a feasibility study evaluating the safety, tolerability, and potential anxiolytic efficacy of the α2 agonist guanfacine extended-release (GXR) in children and adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), separation anxiety disorder (SAD), or social phobia/social anxiety disorder. METHODS: Youth aged 6-17 years with a primary diagnosis of GAD, SAD, and/or social anxiety disorder were treated with flexibly dosed GXR (1-6 mg daily, n = 62) or placebo (n = 21) for 12 weeks...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164140/epidemiology-of-pediatric-burns-and-future-prevention-strategies-a-study-of-475-patients-from-a-high-volume-burn-center-in-north-india
#19
Amol Dhopte, V K Tiwari, Pankaj Patel, Rahul Bamal
BACKGROUND: Pediatric burns have a long-term social impact. This is more apparent in a developing country such as India, where their incidence and morbidity are high. The aim of this study was to provide recent prospective epidemiological data on pediatric burns in India and to suggest future preventive strategies. METHODS: Children up to 18 years old admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic & Maxillofacial Surgery, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, between January and December 2014 were included in the study...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160098/influence-of-exposure-to-perinatal-risk-factors-and-parental-mental-health-related-hospital-admission-on-adolescent-deliberate-self-harm-risk
#20
Nan Hu, Jianghong Li, Rebecca A Glauert, Catherine L Taylor
Adolescent deliberate self-harm (DSH) has been found to be associated with a range of bio-psycho-social factors. Simultaneous investigations of these factors enable more robust estimation of the independent effect of a specific risk factor by adjusting for a more complete set of covariates. However, few studies have had the ability to examine all of these factors together. This study used the linkage of population-level de-identified data collections from government agencies to investigate a range of biological, psychological, and social risk factors and their effects on adolescent risk of DSH (with or without suicidal intent)...
February 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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