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Suicidal children

Michelle L Gallagher, Adam Bryant Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Adolescent Research Review
Erika A Crawford, Taylor A Burke, David Siegel, Shari Jager-Hyman, Lauren B Alloy, Philip C Kendall
OBJECTIVE: The severity of anxiety, in general, has been associated with suicide ideation (SI) among youth, but research has yet to examine the specific anxiety symptoms that may contribute to SI among youth. This study examined the severity of specific anxiety symptom clusters (i.e., tense/restless, somatic/autonomic symptoms, humiliation/rejection, performing in public, separation anxiety, perfectionism, and anxious coping) and SI in youth who met diagnostic criteria for an anxiety disorder...
June 14, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Irene Caro-Cañizares, Mónica Díaz de Neira-Hernando, Bernadette Pfang, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Juan J Carballo
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors are self-injurious behaviors inflicted without intending death. Literature has shown the relationship between stressful life events (SLE) and NSSI behaviors. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-Dysregulation Profile (SDQ-DP) is defined as an index of self-regulatory problems, related to higher risk for suicidal ideation and attempts in adolescents. In this study the relationship between SDQ-DP and NSSI behaviors, mediated by SLE in a clinical sample of children and adolescents is analyzed...
June 13, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Yu-Shian Cheng, Ping-Tao Tseng, Pao-Yen Lin, Tien-Yu Chen, Brendon Stubbs, Andre F Carvalho, Ching-Kuan Wu, Yen-Wen Chen, Ming-Kung Wu
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies that investigated the putative association between internet addiction and suicidality. DATA SOURCES: Major electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, ClinicalKey, Cochrane Library, ProQuest, Science Direct, and were searched using the following keywords (internet addiction OR internet gaming disorder OR internet use disorder OR pathological internet use OR compulsive internet use OR problematic internet use) AND (suicide OR depression) to identify observational studies from inception to October 31, 2017...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Lijun Wang, Yue Wu, Peng Yin, Peixia Cheng, Yunning Liu, David C Schwebel, Jinlei Qi, Peishan Ning, Jiangmei Liu, Xunjie Cheng, Maigeng Zhou, Guoqing Hu
Objective: To provide a comprehensive overview of poisoning mortality patterns in China. Methods: Using mortality data from the Chinese national disease surveillance points system, we examined trends in poisoning mortality by intent and substance from 2006 to 2016. Differences over time between urban and rural residents among different age groups and across external causes of poisoning were quantified using negative binomial models for males and females separately...
May 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Sally C Curtin, Melonie Heron, Arialdi M Miniño, Margaret Warner
This report presents numbers of injury deaths and death rates for children and adolescents aged 10-19 years in the United States for 1999-2016. Numbers and rates are presented by sex for 1999-2016, by injury intent (e.g., unintentional, suicide, and homicide) and method (e.g., motor vehicle traffic, firearms, and suffocation). Numbers and rates of death according to leading injury intents and methods are shown by sex for ages 10-14 years and 15-19 years for 2016. Mortality statistics in this report are based on information from death certificates filed in all 50 states and the District of Columbia...
June 2018: National Vital Statistics Reports
K L Vivar, L Kruse
Background: Pediatric skin disorders can affect children's self-esteem, relationships with caregivers and peers, and performance in school and activities. Objective: This review describes common pediatric congenital and acquired dermatologic disorders and the impact that these disorders can have on children's self-esteem. Methods: A review of current, English-language literature was conducted with use of the PubMed database. Search terms included atopic dermatitis, acne, infantile hemangiomas, port wine stains, congenital melanocytic nevi, hidradenitis suppurativa, and self-esteem...
March 2018: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
Concetta Quintarelli, Domenico Orlando, Iolanda Boffa, Marika Guercio, Vinicia Assunta Polito, Andrea Petretto, Chiara Lavarello, Matilde Sinibaldi, Gerrit Weber, Francesca Del Bufalo, Ezio Giorda, Marco Scarsella, Stefania Petrini, Daria Pagliara, Franco Locatelli, Biagio De Angelis, Ignazio Caruana
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has been shown to be dramatically effective in the treatment of B-cell malignancies. However, there are still substantial obstacles to overcome, before similar responses can be achieved in patients with solid tumors. We evaluated both in vitro and in a preclinical murine model the efficacy of different 2nd and 3rd generation CAR constructs targeting GD2, a disial-ganglioside expressed on the surface of neuroblastoma (NB) tumor cells. In order to address potential safety concerns regarding clinical application, an inducible safety switch, namely inducible Caspase-9 (iC9), was also included in the vector constructs...
2018: Oncoimmunology
Li Ye, Zheng Wang, Hui Zhang, Hui Guo, Yannan Guo, Lina Chen
The toxic dose of rodenticides in children is extremely difficult to be determined because of the uncertain exposure history. We established and validated a method to identify the toxic dose in children of 4-hydroxycoumarin (TDCH). Items were selected by Delphi method and weighted by analytic hierarchy process. Toxic doses were classified into three categories: high dose (>24 points), medium (15-24) and low (<15). Sixty-five children with 4-hydroxycoumarin rodenticide intoxication were included in the study...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
L Tondo, G H Vázquez, M Pinna, P A Vaccotto, R J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences between subjects with vs. without mixed features in major affective disorders. METHODS: In 3099 out-patient subjects with DSM-5 major depressive disorder (MDD, n = 1921) or bipolar disorders (BD, n = 1178), we compared those with (Mx) vs. without (Non-Mx) mixed features (agitated-irritable depression or dysphoric [hypo]mania) in an index episode. RESULTS: Prevalence of Mx averaged 21.9% [CI: 20.5-23.4] overall, ranking: BD-II > BD-I > MDD, and in BD depression ≥ [hypo]mania > MDD...
June 3, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
John D Haltigan, Madison Aitken, Tracey Skilling, Joanna Henderson, Lisa Hawke, Marco Battaglia, John Strauss, Peter Szatmari, Brendan F Andrade
OBJECTIVE: This study examined cross-informant evidence for a general factor of psychopathology ("P") and a narrower, clinically oriented dysregulation general factor based on the Dysregulation Profile ("DP") in a large clinical sample of children and adolescents. We also compared the magnitude of P and DP general factor associations with self-harm and suicidal ideation as an indicator of criterion validity. METHOD: Itemwise data from the Child Behavior Checklist (N = 2,934; 4-18 years of age) were analyzed using confirmatory bifactor modeling and replicated in a supplementary analysis using Youth Self Report data (N = 2,395)...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
M Al-Shamsi, N Othman
Burns are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and an important public health problem in Iraq. The current study was undertaken to describe epidemiological characteristics of hospitalized burn patients and investigate in-hospital mortality. The study was undertaken at the Al-Fayhaa Burn Centre in Basra City through analyzing hospital records of patients admitted to the centre for a new burn injury between January and December 2016. Data were extracted from all accessible files, entered into Epidata and analyzed in Stata...
September 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Prianka Padmanathan, Lucy Biddle, Robert Carroll, Jane Derges, John Potokar, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: The rise in Internet use adds a new dimension to suicide prevention. We investigated suicide/self-harm (S/Sh)-related Internet use among patients presenting to hospital with self-harm. METHOD: We asked 1,198 adult and 315 child and adolescent patients presenting to hospital following self-harm in a city in South West England about Internet use associated with their hospital presentation. Associations between Internet use and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were investigated using multivariable logistic regression models...
May 31, 2018: Crisis
Raúl Sandoval Ato, Martín A Vilela Estrada, Christian R Mejia, José Caballero Alvarado
INTRODUCTION: Suicide risk is increasingly common among children and adolescents. There are no current and local studies of this reality in northern Peru. The objective was to determine whether suici de risk was associated with bullying and depression in high school students. PATIENTS AND METHOD: An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out in a city in northern Peru, using validated surveys to measure suicide risk, bullying and depression. Statical association data were obtained using generali zed linear models...
April 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Thomas Adriano Lazzarini, Crhistinne Cavalheiro Maymone Gonçalves, Walter Martins Benites, Liliane Ferreira da Silva, Daniel Henrique Tsuha, Albert Icksang Ko, Robert Rohrbaugh, Jason Randolph Andrews, Julio Croda
OBJECTIVE To estimate age and sex-specific suicide rates, compare suicide rates between indigenous communities, and quantify the frequency of intrafamilial suicide clustering. METHODS We performed a retrospective cohort study involving 14,666 indigenous individuals in reservations in Dourados, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from 2003 through 2013 using national and local census. RESULTS The overall suicide rate was 73.4 per 100,000 person-years. Adolescent males aged 15-19 and girls aged 10-14 had the highest rates for each sex at 289...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
Michelle E Roley-Roberts, Ryan M Hill, Christopher M Layne, Hayley Goldenthal, Julie B Kaplow
OBJECTIVES: Both bereavement and thwarted belongingness serve as risk markers for youth suicide-related behaviors. This study examined candidate predictors of thwarted belongingness among bereaved youth, including caregiver cause of death and surviving caregiver coping style. METHODS: Forty-three caregiver-bereaved families (58 children aged 7-13 years old) participated in a longitudinal study investigating associations between hypothesized bereavement-related contextual factors and youth thwarted belongingness...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Loc-Uyen T Vo, Clark Anderson, Samantha Thomas, Hannah Vernia, Jarett K Howe, Alan H Tyroch, Tamara N Fitzgerald
INTRODUCTION: The United States-Mexico border is perceived as dangerous by the media and current political leaders. Hispanic ethnicity, low socioeconomic status, male gender and adolescent age have previously been identified as risk factors for penetrating trauma (PT). METHODS: A retrospective review of PT was performed in a border region. Children 0-17 years old, admitted to the region's only level I trauma center between 2001 and 2016 were included. Standardized morbidity ratio was used to compare observed to expected morbidity...
May 17, 2018: Injury
Samantha A King, Marcel J Casavant, Henry A Spiller, Nichole L Hodges, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
: media-1vid110.1542/5754332180001PEDS-VA_2017-3872 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics and trends of exposures to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications among individuals 0 to 19 years old reported to US poison control centers. METHODS: National Poison Data System data from 2000 through 2014 were retrospectively analyzed to examine pediatric ADHD medication exposures. RESULTS: From 2000 through 2014, there were 156 365 exposures reported to US poison control centers related to ADHD medications...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
Rohan Borschmann, Patrick Stark, Chidambaram Prakash, Susan M Sawyer
AIM: Self-harm and suicidal behaviour is most prevalent during adolescence, but little is known about the risk profile of adolescents admitted to hospital for suicidal behaviour. Young people who self-harm are at an increased risk of mortality compared to those who do not self-harm; adolescents admitted to hospital for suicidal behaviour are particularly at risk. The aim of this study was to generate a risk profile of adolescents admitted to hospital with suicidal behaviour. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month retrospective audit of adolescent admissions to the mental health inpatient unit at a tertiary children's hospital in Melbourne, Australia...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Gregory Plemmons, Matthew Hall, Stephanie Doupnik, James Gay, Charlotte Brown, Whitney Browning, Robert Casey, Katherine Freundlich, David P Johnson, Carrie Lind, Kris Rehm, Susan Thomas, Derek Williams
OBJECTIVES: Suicide ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SAs) have been reported as increasing among US children over the last decade. We examined trends in emergency and inpatient encounters for SI and SA at US children's hospitals from 2008 to 2015. METHODS: We used retrospective analysis of administrative billing data from the Pediatric Health Information System database. RESULTS: There were 115 856 SI and SA encounters during the study period...
May 16, 2018: Pediatrics
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