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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026488/a-longitudinal-study-on-the-effects-of-negative-rearing-experiences-on-adolescents-social-withdrawal-and-aggression
#1
Kyung-Suk Lee, Ok-Joo Choi, Joon-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Children who have experienced negative rearing behaviors show a lack of self-confidence due to emotional instability and are reserved in interpersonal relationships. This can lead to failure in social adaptation and a high risk of depression, suicide, criminal acts, and anti-social behaviors. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the effects of experiencing negative parental rearing behaviors, such as neglect and abuse, on adolescents' social withdrawal and aggression, by utilizing multivariate latent growth models...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992550/gender-differences-of-suicides-in-children-and-adolescents-analysis-of-167-suicides-in-a-mexican-population-from-2003-to-2013
#2
Daniela Georgina Aguilar-Velázquez, Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Maria Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan, Yazmin Hernández-Díaz, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego
Suicide is the second cause of death in youth population. The aim of the present study was to analyze demographic characteristics and suicide methods used, as well as to identify gender differences among Mexican children and adolescents (aged 10-17 years) that committed suicide. Between January 2003 and December 2013, 167 suicides of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years of age were documented by the Secretary of Health of the state of Tabasco, Mexico. All sociodemographic characteristics were compared according to gender...
September 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990835/children-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-psychological-consequences-eight-years-after-2004-tsunami
#3
Petra Adebäck, Abbe Schulman, Doris Nilsson
BACKGROUND: There is a need for studies that follow up children and adolescents for many years post disaster since earlier studies have shown that exposure during natural disasters constitutes a risk factor for poor psychological health. AIMS: The main aim was to examine whether there was an association between severity of exposures during a natural disaster experienced in childhood or adolescence and posttraumatic stress symptoms, psychological distress, self-rated health, diagnosis of depression, anxiety or worry, thoughts about or attempted suicide, physical symptoms or daily functioning eight years later in young adulthood...
October 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984477/pediatric-pharmacoepidemiology-safety-and-effectiveness-of-medicines-for-adhd
#4
Antonio Clavenna, Maurizio Bonati
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder in children and adolescents that comprises core symptoms of developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. Stimulant (methylphenidate, amphetamines) and non stimulant (atomoxetine, clonidine and guanfacine) are the treatment usually prescribed for ADHD. Area covered: This review covers the safety of ADHD medications in children and adolescents. MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases were searched with the aim to retrieve prospective studies that monitored the incidence of adverse events (AEs) in children receiving drug therapy for ADHD...
October 6, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982825/detectaweb-project-study-protocol-of-a-web-based-detection-of-mental-health-of-children-and-adolescents
#5
Jose A Piqueras, Mariola Garcia-Olcina, Maria Rivera-Riquelme, Tiscar Rodriguez-Jimenez, Agustin E Martinez-Gonzalez, Pim Cuijpers
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, research and practice addressing mental health has been conducted within a unidimensional model, explaining mental health as the presence/absence of psychological problems (distress or psychopathological symptoms). More recently, accumulative evidence has supported a bi-dimensional model, which conceptualises psychological problems and psychological strengths (well-being) as related-yet-distinct continua that, when considered together, yields a more comprehensive understanding of individuals...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981221/-depression-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#6
M Al Husni Al Keilani, V Delvenne
Child and adolescent depression is often unknown due to its varied and heterogeneous clinical presentation that makes the diagnosis complex. Indeed, it differs from adult depression by some aspects as the absence of depressive experience. It is a major risk factor for suicide, dropping out of school and social isolation. We will identify the specific clinical signs to make a diagnosis in children and adolescents and to identify therapeutic approaches. On the other hand, we will try to highlight the risk factors of depression...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955065/non-suicidal-self-injury-among-children-with-hearing-loss-and-intellectual-disability
#7
Bushra Akram, Amina Tariq, Zeeshan Rafi
OBJECTIVE: To find the prevalence and to identify the predictors of non-suicidal self-injury among school-going children.. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Gujrat, Gujrat Pakistan, from September 2015 to October 2016, and comprised children with intellectual disability and hearing loss. Participants were recruited from schools for special children located in Gujranwala, Jhelum and Gujrat. Multistage stratified sampling technique was used...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954160/suicide-in-childhood-a-literatura-review
#8
Girliani Silva de Sousa, Marília Suzi Pereira Dos Santos, Amanda Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Jaqueline Galdino Albuquerque Perrelli, Everton Botelho Sougey
This is an integrated review of specific literature on the main factors associated to suicidal behavior in children under 14 years. Data were retrieved from PubMed and PsycInfo databases for the 1980-2016 period, with the following descriptors: "risk of suicide"; "children"; "suicide"; "childhood". Twenty-nine papers complied with the eligibility criteria of the review and were thus selected and analyzed. Results pointed to an association of suicide with neurobiological, school-related, social and mental factors, among which the role of impulsivity stands out...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950817/specific-patient-features-affect-antiepileptic-drug-therapy-decisions-focus-on-gender-age-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#9
Pisani Laura Rosa, Nikanorova Marina, Johannessen Landmark Cecilie, Johannessen Svein Ivor, Pisani Francesco
BACKGROUND: Patient features, apart from the type of seizues/epilepsy, affect markedly antiepileptic drug (AED) choice and dosage. The present review focuses on gender, age and psychiatric comorbidities which play a leading role in influencing antiepileptic treatment. METHODS: Reviews with large population of patients, controlled clinical trials, observational investigations, experimental studies and experimental reviews of experimental data, where appropriated, were analysed and illustrated to produce the most homogeneous indications possible...
September 25, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949317/development-of-a-valid-and-reliable-instrument-for-the-assessment-of-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-clefts-detection-of-potential-mental-health-issues
#10
Marko Vuletić, Darko Marčinko, Domagoj Vražić, Milan Milošević, Emil Dediol, Predrag Knežević
BACKGROUND: The rehabilitation of patients with cleft deformities is very complex and unique, and managed by a team of professionals. Quality of life depends on the health, and represents an instrument that examines the disease impact and treatment modalities on the health, integrating an objective assessment of the health status and its subjective experience. Children with clefts are often teased by their peers, and that is the reason why they experience different kinds of psychological distress...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944226/a-prospective-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-pediatric-burn-mortality-at-a-tertiary-burn-center-in-north-india
#11
Amol Dhopte, Rahul Bamal, Vinay Kumar Tiwari
BACKGROUND: None of the available mortality predicting models in pediatric burns precisely predicts outcomes in every population. Mortality rates as well as their risk factors vary with regions and among different centers within the regions. The aim of this study was to identify socio-demographic and clinical risk factors for mortality in pediatric burns in an effort to decrease the mortality in these patients. METHODS: A prospective analytical study was conducted in patients up to the age of 18 years admitted for burn injuries in a tertiary care burn center in India from January to December 2014...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942804/suicide-attempts-in-juvenile-bipolar-versus-major-depressive-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Franco De Crescenzo, Giulia Serra, Francesco Maisto, Mai Uchida, Hilary Woodworth, Maria Pia Casini, Ross J Baldessarini, Stefano Vicari
OBJECTIVE: Suicide attempts are prevalent in association with major mood disorders, and risk is greater with bipolar disorder (BD) than major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults. There may be similar relationships in juvenile mood disorders, but the evidence has not been compiled systematically and quantitatively. METHOD: We searched for reports of studies comparing rates of suicide attempts in children or adolescents diagnosed with BD or MDD, and applied random-effects meta-analysis...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942565/relationship-of-adverse-family-experiences-to-resilience-and-school-engagement-among-vermont-youth
#13
Laurin Kasehagen, Laurel Omland, Melissa Bailey, Charlie Biss, Breena Holmes, Patsy Tassler Kelso
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with a range of health outcomes and risk behaviors. In 2011-2012, the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) included questions about adverse family experiences (AFEs). AFE survey questions are similar to ACE questions, except there are no questions about emotional/physical/sexual trauma, and questions are asked of parents rather than children. Although the relationship between ACEs and work/school absenteeism has been studied, the relationships between AFEs of school-aged children, school performance, and buffering behaviors have not been explored in depth...
September 23, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937548/a-follow-up-study-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
Shanti Mitchell, Ehmer Hassan, Neera Ghaziuddin
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective and a safe treatment for several severe psychiatric disorders across the age span. However, its use remains controversial and highly stigmatized especially among patients under 18 years. In this study, we examined current symptoms, attitudes, perception, and functioning of patients treated with ECT when they were less than 18 years old. METHODS: Participants had received ECT before age 18, between 1989 and 2015, at a tertiary medical center...
September 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929523/follow-up-protocol-was-useful-for-children-whose-parents-attended-emergency-departments-after-partner-violence-substance-abuse-or-a-suicide-attempt
#15
Eva M M Hoytema van Konijnenburg, Maj Gigengack, Arianne H Teeuw, Tessa Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Boudien C Flapper, Ramón J L Lindauer, Johannes B van Goudoever, Johanna H van der Lee
AIM: This was a one-year follow-up of families referred to support services after the parents visited the emergency department due to intimate partner violence, substance abuse or a suicide attempt. Its aim was to evaluate the well-being of any children. METHODS: Data on families identified a year earlier by the Amsterdam protocol were gathered from child protective services and parent and child self-reports in two Dutch regions from 2012-2015. RESULTS: We included 399 children (52%) boys with a median age of eight years (range 1-18) in the study using child protective services data...
September 19, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926761/the-cortisol-awakening-response-and-anterior-cingulate-cortex-function-in-maltreated-depressed-versus-non-maltreated-depressed-youth
#16
Karina Quevedo, Jennifer Doty, Leslie Roos, Justin J Anker
Symptomatology of depression among children who have (vs. have not) experienced maltreatment is greater in severity, more resistant to conventional treatment, and associated with elevated risk for suicide. Recent evidence implicates perturbations in stress regulatory systems and heightened negative self-appraisals as factors that increase the severity of psychopathology experienced by depressed maltreated (vs. non-maltreated) youth. Likely explanatory mechanisms for these differences are disturbances in the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis (HPA) and persistent negative self-referential biases supported by prefrontal cortex function including the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC)...
September 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888336/pediatric-firearm-deaths-and-injuries-in-the-united-states
#17
Deborah L McBride
Guns are the third leading cause of death of those aged 1 to 17years, outpaced only by unintentional injuries such as car crashes and drowning, and illnesses like cancer according to a new federal study. The new study, which has been called the most comprehensive examination of current firearms-related deaths and injury among children in the United States used data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Violent Death Reporting System to assess the magnitude and characteristics of firearm-related deaths and injuries among children (age 0-17years) from 2002 to 2014...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885894/comparison-of-self-identified-minor-attracted-persons-who-have-and-have-not-successfully-refrained-from-sexual-activity-with-children
#18
Lisa Cohen, Nwayieze Ndukwe, Zimri Yaseen, Igor Galynker
The present study compares community-based minor-attracted persons (MAPs) with and without histories of sexual activity with children. MAP actors (N = 342) were significantly older than non-actors (N = 223), with longer duration of pedophilic attraction, more antisocial traits, greater attraction to boys, greater difficulty controlling their attraction, and more positive attitudes toward adult-child sexual activity. Additionally, more MAP actors reported prior mental health treatment, nonsexual offenses, and childhood sexual and nonsexual abuse...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879455/suicide-in-children-and-adolescents-a-tunisian-perspective-from-2009-to-2015
#19
Wael Majdoub, Amal Mosbahi, Maroua Naouar, Meriem Beji, Jihene Mannai, Elyes Turki
This study presents the characteristics of child and adolescent suicides which occurred in Kairouan, Tunisia. Data were collected from autopsy records of the Forensic Department of the University Hospital Ibn El Jazzar of Kairouan. General characteristics of suicides among children and adolescents (under the age of 18) between 2009 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 49 cases, with a female predominance (61.2%) and a mean age of 15.4 ± 2.1, were registered. Most of the victims were from rural areas (93...
September 7, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878818/socioeconomic-position-and-self-harm-among-adolescents-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-stockholm-sweden
#20
Bereket T Lodebo, Jette Möller, Jan-Olov Larsson, Karin Engström
BACKGROUND: Understanding the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm in adolescence is crucial due to its substantial magnitude and associated inequality. Most previous studies have been either of cross-sectional nature or based solely on self-reports or hospital treated self-harm. The aim of this study is to determine the association between parental socioeconomic position and self-harm among adolescents with a specific focus on gender and severity of self-harm...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
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