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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#1
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664517/-radar-a-program-for-the-prevention-of-suicide-in-adolescents-in-the-region-of-aysen-chile-preliminary-results
#2
Francisco Bustamante, Cinthya Urquidi, Ramón Florenzano, Carolina Barrueto, Jaime de Los Hoyos, Karla Ampuero, Laura Terán, María Inés Figueroa, Magdalena Farías, María Livia Rueda, Eduardo Giacaman
OBJECTIVE: We present the preliminary results of the implementation of RADAR: a community suicide prevention program in adolescents implemented in two high schools in a south region of Chile. METHOD: In a pilot study, during 2016, we implemented RADAR in two high schools of Puerto Aysen, in in the Region of Aysen of Chile. A total of 409 actors were trained (among students, school teachers, caregivers and health professionals) for the screening and referral of high suicide risk adolescents...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662523/sexual-health-of-adolescent-patients-admitted-to-a-psychiatric-unit
#3
Megan E Harrison, Stephanie Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Ariana Noel, Louise Gresham, Mark L Norris, Amy Robinson, Jason Chan, Addo Boafo
Objective: To review sexual health screening practices during admission to an adolescent psychiatry unit. Method: Retrospective chart review of randomly selected youth admitted over a one-year period (2013). Data extracted included demographics, reasons for admission, sexual health history, as well as any comorbid behaviours noted. The main outcome measure was whether sexual health details were documented at any time during admission; if so, this information was extracted for analysis...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662522/regional-variations-in-suicide-and-undetermined-death-rates-among-adolescents-across-canada
#4
Johanne Renaud, Alain Lesage, Mathieu Gagné, Sasha MacNeil, Gilles Légaré, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Robin Skinner, Steven McFaull
Objective: Trends in rates of adolescent suicide and undetermined deaths in Canada from 1981 to 2012 were examined, focusing specifically on variations between Canadian regions. Exploratory hypotheses were formulated for regional variability in adolescent suicide rates over time in Canada. Methods: A descriptive time trend analysis using public domain vital statistics data was performed. All deaths from 1981 to 2012 among 15 to 19 year olds coded as suicides or undetermined intent according to the International Classification of Diseases, 9th and 10th Revisions were included...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662259/psychometric-validation-of-the-columbia-suicide-severity-rating-scale-in-spanish-speaking-adolescents
#5
Daniel Serrani Azcurra
Introduction: Adolescent suicide is a major public health issue, and early and accurate detection is of great concern. There are many reliable instruments for this purpose, such as the Columbia-Suicide severity rating scale (C-SSRS), but no validation exists for Spanish speaking Latin American adolescents. Objetive: To assess psychometric properties and cut-off scores of the C-SSRS in Spanish speaking adolescents. Methods: Exploratory assessment with principal component analysis (PCA) and Varimax rotation, and confirmatory analysis (CFA) were performed on two groups with 782 and 834 participants respectively (N=1616)...
December 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661941/mental-health-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-compared-with-their-peers
#6
Tracy A Becerra-Culqui, Yuan Liu, Rebecca Nash, Lee Cromwell, W Dana Flanders, Darios Getahun, Shawn V Giammattei, Enid M Hunkeler, Timothy L Lash, Andrea Millman, Virginia P Quinn, Brandi Robinson, Douglas Roblin, David E Sandberg, Michael J Silverberg, Vin Tangpricha, Michael Goodman
BACKGROUND: Understanding the magnitude of mental health problems, particularly life-threatening ones, experienced by transgender and/or gender nonconforming (TGNC) youth can lead to improved management of these conditions. METHODS: Electronic medical records were used to identify a cohort of 588 transfeminine and 745 transmasculine children (3-9 years old) and adolescents (10-17 years old) enrolled in integrated health care systems in California and Georgia. Ten male and 10 female referent cisgender enrollees were matched to each TGNC individual on year of birth, race and/or ethnicity, study site, and membership year of the index date (first evidence of gender nonconforming status)...
April 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656915/substance-use-and-suicide-in-pacific-islander-american-indian-and-multiracial-youth
#7
Andrew M Subica, Li-Tzy Wu
INTRODUCTION: National estimates of U.S. Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (NHPI), American Indian/Alaskan Native (AIAN), and multiracial adolescent substance use and suicidality are scarce because of their small population sizes. The aim was to estimate the national prevalence of, and disparities in, substance use and suicidality among these understudied adolescents. METHODS: Analyses conducted in 2017 of U.S. adolescents (grades ninth to 12th) from the 1991-2015 Combined National Youth Behavioral Risk Surveys estimated (1) prevalence of lifetime and current (past 30-day) substance use, past 12-month depressed mood, and suicidality by racial group; and (2) AORs for depressed mood and suicidality regressed on current alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655375/association-between-traumatic-stress-load-psychopathology-and-cognition-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#8
Ran Barzilay, Monica E Calkins, Tyler M Moore, Daniel H Wolf, Theodore D Satterthwaite, J Cobb Scott, Jason D Jones, Tami D Benton, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
BACKGROUND: Traumatic stressors during childhood and adolescence are associated with psychopathology, mostly studied in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. We investigated broader associations of traumatic stress exposure with psychopathology and cognition in a youth community sample. METHODS: The Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (N = 9498) is an investigation of clinical and neurobehavioral phenotypes in a diverse (56% Caucasian, 33% African American, 11% other) US youth community population (aged 8-21)...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652872/medical-management-of-transgender-children-and-adolescents
#9
María Fernanda Castilla-Peón
Transgender or gender nonconforming (GN) persons identify themselves with a gender which is different from that correspondent to their birth sex. The demand for health services by families with transgender children or adolescents tends to increase. The prevalence of GN in children is unknown; however, it has been estimated to be > 1% in adolescents. Transgender persons are at increased risk of depression, suicide, illicit drug abuse, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and non-accidental injury. The most accepted model for the care of transgender persons assumes that these adverse outcomes are the consequence of social margination rather than the GI condition itself...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651656/using-lithium-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-efficacy-tolerability-and-practical-considerations
#10
REVIEW
B Grant, J A Salpekar
Lithium has been an intriguing treatment option in psychiatry for over a century. While seemingly just a simple elemental compound, it has powerful treatment effects for both depression and bipolar disorder. The evidence base for treatment of pediatric bipolar disorder is relatively small, but, in recent years, additional clinical trial data have enabled lithium to re-emerge as a valuable and, in many cases, preferred treatment. Pharmacologically, lithium is complex, with varied effects at both intracellular and extracellular levels...
April 12, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649710/psychometric-properties-of-the-concise-health-risk-tracking-chrt-in-adolescents-with-suicidality
#11
REVIEW
Taryn L Mayes, Betsy D Kennard, Michael Killian, Thomas Carmody, Bruce D Grannemann, A John Rush, Manish K Jha, Jennifer Hughes, Graham J Emslie, Madhukar H Trivedi
BACKGROUND: Several self-report rating scales have been developed to assess suicidal ideation, yet few examine other factors related to increased suicidal risk, and even fewer have been validated in both adolescents and adults. We evaluate the 14-item Concise Health Risk Tracking - Self Report (CHRT-SR), a measure previously validated in adults, in a sample of adolescents at risk for suicide. METHOD: Data are from a retrospective chart review of adolescents treated in an intensive outpatient program for youth with severe suicidality...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627912/violent-behaviors-weapon-carrying-and-firearm-homicide-trends-in-african-american-adolescents-2001-2015
#12
Jagdish Khubchandani, James H Price
African American youths have the highest risk for firearm and other weapon related homicides. This study utilized the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys from 2001 to 2015 to assess trends in violence related behaviors and weapon carrying of African American adolescents. Our analyses found statistically significant reductions in physical fighting and weapon carrying among African American male adolescents from 2007 to 2015. Planning suicide increased in both male and female African American adolescents since 2007...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624113/clinician-experience-and-attitudes-toward-safety-planning-with-adolescents-at-risk-for-suicide
#13
Jazmin A Reyes-Portillo, Eleanor L McGlinchey, Josefina Toso-Salman, Erica M Chin, Prudence W Fisher, Laura Mufson
OBJECTIVES: This study examined clinician experiences and attitudes toward safety planning in a large urban pediatric psychiatry department serving primarily Latino youth. METHODS: Forty-six clinicians completed a survey assessing their experience with and attitudes toward safety planning with adolescents at-risk for suicide. RESULTS: The majority of clinicians were female (78%), non-Latino White (54%), and aged 30-39 (52%). Clinicians' attitudes were largely positive (M = 3...
April 6, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623058/cyberbullying-victimization-self-esteem-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescence-does-emotional-intelligence-play-a-buffering-role
#14
Natalio Extremera, Cirenia Quintana-Orts, Sergio Mérida-López, Lourdes Rey
Cyberbullying has been linked to social, physical and psychological problems for adolescent victims but there has been no analysis of the specific role of emotional intelligence in protecting against the negative symptoms associated with cyberbullying victimization. This study examined the interaction between cyberbullying victimization and emotional intelligence (EI) as predictors of psychological maladjustment (operationalized as high suicidal ideation and low self-esteem) in 1,660 Spanish adolescents. We also investigated whether levels of EI moderated the relationship between cyberbullying victimization and mental health problems...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621197/suicide-precipitants-differ-across-the-lifespan-but-are-not-significant-in-predicting-medically-severe-attempts
#15
Carol C Choo, Peter K H Chew, Roger C Ho
An important risk factor for suicide assessment is the suicide precipitant. This study explores suicide attempt precipitants across the lifespan. Three years of medical records related to suicide attempters who were admitted to the emergency department of a large teaching hospital in Singapore were subjected to analysis. These cases were divided into three age groups: Adolescence, Early Adulthood, and Middle Adulthood. A total of 540 cases were examined (70.9% females; 63.7% Chinese, 13.7% Malays, 15.9% Indians), whose ages ranged from 12 to 62...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615936/event-related-potential-measures-of-attention-capture-in-adolescent-inpatients-with-acute-suicidal-behavior
#16
Paniz Tavakoli, Addo Boafo, Allyson Dale, Rebecca Robillard, Stephanie L Greenham, Kenneth Campbell
Impaired executive functions, modulated by the frontal lobes, have been suggested to be associated with suicidal behavior. The present study examines one of these executive functions, attentional control, maintaining attention to the task-at-hand. A group of inpatient adolescents with acute suicidal behavior and healthy controls were studied using a passively presented auditory optimal paradigm. This "optimal" paradigm consisted of a series of frequently presented homogenous pure tone "standards" and different "deviants," constructed by changing one or more features of the standard...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611784/adult-mental-health-outcomes-of-preterm-survivors-experiencing-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescence
#17
Jacob Young, Calan Savoy, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Ryan J Van Lieshout
OBJECTIVE: To examine the link between suicidal ideation in adolescence (age 12-16) and symptoms of psychopathology in adulthood (age 22-26) in a birth cohort of extremely low birth weight (ELBW; < 1000 g) survivors and matched normal birth weight (NBW; > 2500 g) control participants. METHODS: This study utilized data from a longitudinally followed cohort of 129 ELBW survivors and 116 NBW individuals born in Ontario, Canada between the years 1977 and 1982...
April 3, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602159/the-longitudinal-association-between-cognitive-control-capacities-suicidality-and-depression-during-late-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#18
AliceAnn Crandall, Yvonne Allsop, Carl L Hanson
This study examined the association between cognitive control capacities, suicidal thoughts and attempts, and depressive symptoms during late adolescence and young adulthood. The sample included 4192 participants (55.5% female) from the United States who participated in Waves III (2001-2002; respondent age 18-26 years) and IV (2007-2008; respondent age 24-33 years) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling. Suicidality in late adolescence predicted depressive symptoms in young adulthood...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597289/the-epidemiology-of-unintentional-and-violence-related-injury-morbidity-and-mortality-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#19
Michael F Ballesteros, Dionne D Williams, Karin A Mack, Thomas R Simon, David A Sleet
Injuries and violence among young people have a substantial emotional, physical, and economic toll on society. Understanding the epidemiology of this public health problem can guide prevention efforts, help identify and reduce risk factors, and promote protective factors. We examined fatal and nonfatal unintentional injuries, injuries intentionally inflicted by other (i.e., assaults and homicides) among children ages 0-19, and intentionally self-inflicted injuries (i.e., self-harm and suicides) among children ages 10-19...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593617/the-role-of-difficulty-in-identifying-and-describing-feelings-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-behavior-nssi-associations-with-perceived-attachment-quality-stressful-life-events-and-suicidal-ideation
#20
Rita Cerutti, Antonio Zuffianò, Valentina Spensieri
Objective: Core alexithymic features, such as the difficulty in identifying and describing feelings, are associated with poor attachment styles and emotional trauma, which influence the capacity to regulate affect. Additionally, emotional regulation has been found to be the most commonly identified function associated with non-suicidal self-injury behavior (NSSI) in adolescents as they attempt to modulate strong emotions. However, few studies have examined the link between difficulty in identifying and describing feelings (core components of alexithymia), NSSI behaviors, quality of attachment, life stressors and suicidal ideation in healthy early adolescents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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