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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220611/violent-lives-pathways-linking-exposure-to-violence-to-suicidal-behavior-in-a-national-sample
#1
Chelsea Farrell, Gregory M Zimmerman
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the extent to which depression, somatic symptoms, and substance use mediated the effects of exposure to violence on suicidal ideation and attempted suicide, and whether these pathways varied across gender, age, and race/ethnicity. METHODS: Path analysis on 12,272 adolescents (mean = 15.3 years) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. RESULTS: The impact of exposure to violence on suicidal ideation was fully mediated, and the impact of exposure to violence on attempted suicide was partially mediated by depression, somatic symptoms, and substance use...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217724/correlation-of-impulsivity-with-self-harm-and-suicidal-attempt-a-community-study-of-adolescents-in-taiwan
#2
Yu-Hsin Huang, Hui-Ching Liu, Fang-Ju Tsai, Fang-Ju Sun, Kuo-Yang Huang, Yu-Ching Chiu, Yen-Hsun Huang, Yo-Ping Huang, Shen-Ing Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate differences and similarities in risk factors for deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicidal attempt (SA), and the role of impulsivity among a group of community adolescents. SETTING: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at high schools in Northern Taiwan. DATA AND PARTICIPANTS: We recruited grade 1 students from 14 high schools. A total of 5879 participants (mean age 16.02 years, female adolescents: 57...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216850/adolescent-substance-use-behavior-and-suicidal-behavior-for-boys-and-girls-a-cross-sectional-study-by-latent-analysis-approach
#3
Peng-Wei Wang, Cheng-Fang Yen
BACKGROUND: Adolescent suicidal behavior may consist of different symptoms, including suicidal ideation, suicidal planning and suicidal attempts. Adolescent substance use behavior may contribute to adolescent suicidal behavior. However, research on the relationships between specific substance use and individual suicidal behavior is insufficient, as adolescents may not use only one substance or develop only one facet of suicidal behavior. Latent variables permit us to describe the relationships between clusters of related behaviors more accurately than studying the relationships between specific behaviors...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208408/personalized-management-of-bipolar-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Martin Alda, Mirko Manchia
Bipolar disorder (BD) is one of the most serious psychiatric disorders. The rates of disability, the risk of suicide attempts and their high lethality, as well as frequent and severe psychiatric and medical comorbidities, put it among the major causes of mortality and disability worldwide. At the same time, many patients can do well when treated properly. In this review, we focus on those aspects of the clinical care that offer the potential of individualized approach, in the context of the recent technology driven advances in the comprehension of the neurobiological underpinnings of BD...
December 2, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206570/understanding-suicidal-ideation-in-latino-a-adolescents-living-in-puerto-rico
#5
Yovanska Duarté-Vélez, Richard N Jones, Anthony Spirito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202379/platelet-monoamine-oxidase-activity-and-interpersonal-violence-in-male-suicide-attempters
#6
Jussi Jokinen, Johan Königsson, Tomas Moberg, Erik G Jönsson, Jari Tiihonen, Peter Nordström, Lars Oreland, Marie Åsberg
Low platelet monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) activity, proxy of low central serotonergic functions, has been shown to correlate with criminal behavior in adolescents that come from an unfavorable psychosocial environment but not in adolescents from good conditions, indicating a link between environment, MAO-B activity and aggressive behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between MAO-B activity and lifetime interpersonal violence in suicide attempters. The study included a total of 28 suicide attempters (18 men and 10 women)...
November 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197214/nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-adolescents-undergoing-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-prevalence-gender-distribution-and-comorbidities
#7
Kathrin Sevecke, Astrid Bock, Lucas Fenzel, Manuela Gander, Martin Fuchs
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research points toward nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents as an important and frequent health-related risk factor. In 2013, NSSI was proposed in section 3 of the DSM-5 as a new diagnostic entity warranting further study. In line with that goal, the present study was conducted in order to evaluate prevalence, gender distribution and comorbidities of NSSI in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 130 adolescents (mean age 15...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197205/the-impact-of-anxiety-sensitivity-on-suicidality-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#8
Ayhan Bilgiç, Savaş Yilmaz, Sabri Hergüner
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the link between anxiety sensitivity (AS) and suicidality among adolescents with major depressive disorder; thus, there is a need to explore this relationship in order to fill the research gap. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association among AS and suicidal behaviour while taking into account the effects of potential third variables such as the presence of anxiety disorders and hopelessness in adolescents with major depressive disorder...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196422/adversity-related-injury-in-adolescence-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-suicide-alcohol-and-drug-related-deaths-in-the-decade-following-admission
#9
Amanda Jane Friend
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195764/suicide-screening-in-primary-care-use-of-an-electronic-screener-to-assess-suicidality-and-improve-provider-follow-up-for-adolescents
#10
Dillon J Etter, Allison McCord, Fangqian Ouyang, Amy Lewis Gilbert, Rebekah L Williams, James A Hall, Wanzhu Tu, Stephen M Downs, Matthew C Aalsma
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of using an existing computer decision support system to screen adolescent patients for suicidality and provide follow-up guidance to clinicians in a primary care setting. Predictors of patient endorsement of suicidality and provider documentation of follow-up were examined. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted to examine the implementation of a CDSS that screened adolescent patients for suicidality and provided follow-up recommendations to providers...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194697/observed-interactions-in-families-of-adolescent-suicide-attempters
#11
Christine S Aiken, Barry M Wagner, J Benjamin Hinnant
Family interactions of 71 adolescents hospitalized following a suicide attempt were compared with those of 29 psychiatric controls, using observational methods and a 2-year prospective, longitudinal design. Parent-adolescent dyadic interactions were coded for emotional validation and invalidation, and problem-solving constructiveness. There were no between-group differences for parents. However, adolescents who had attempted suicide displayed more emotional invalidation than controls. Within the suicide attempt group, maternal constructive problem solving predicted greater declines in youth suicide ideation, and a similar trend was observed for fathers...
December 1, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189044/desvenlafaxine-versus-placebo-in-a-fluoxetine-referenced-study-of-children-and-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#12
Karen L Weihs, William Murphy, Richat Abbas, Deborah Chiles, Richard D England, Sara Ramaker, Dalia B Wajsbrot
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of desvenlafaxine (25-50 mg/d) compared with placebo in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Outpatient children (7-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for MDD and had screening and baseline Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) total scores >40 were randomly assigned to 8-week treatment with placebo, desvenlafaxine (25, 35, or 50 mg/d based on baseline weight), or fluoxetine (20 mg/d)...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185786/desvenlafaxine-versus-placebo-in-the-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#13
Sarah Atkinson, Shannon Lubaczewski, Sara Ramaker, Richard D England, Dalia B Wajsbrot, Richat Abbas, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term efficacy and safety of desvenlafaxine versus placebo in the treatment of children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Outpatient children (7-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for MDD and had screening and baseline Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) total scores >40 were randomly assigned to 8 weeks of treatment with placebo, low exposure desvenlafaxine (20, 30, or 35 mg/day based on baseline weight), or higher exposure desvenlafaxine (25, 35, or 50 mg/day based on baseline weight)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179142/the-relationship-of-person-specific-eveningness-chronotype-greater-seasonality-and-less-rhythmicity-to-suicidal-behavior-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Meredith E Rumble, Daniel Dickson, W Vaughn McCall, Andrew D Krystal, Doug Case, Peter B Rosenquist, Ruth M Benca
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data have demonstrated seasonal and circadian patterns of suicidal deaths. Several reviews and meta-analyses have confirmed the relationship between sleep disturbance and suicidality. However, these reviews/meta-analyses have not focused on seasonal and circadian dysfunction in relation to suicidality, despite the common presence of this dysfunction in patients with mood disorders. Thus, the current literature review analyzed studies investigating person-specific chronotype, seasonality, and rhythmicity in relation to suicidal thoughts and behaviors...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178114/outcomes-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-global-functioning-and-symptoms-persistence
#15
Ahmed Al Ansari, Randah R Hamadeh, Haitham Jahrami, Eman A Haji
Many adolescents with ADHD show antisocial behaviour and low educational achievement. These issues have not been validated in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region. The objective of this study was to assess the global functioning and behaviour of children with ADHD growing into adolescence 10 years after initial diagnosis. Parents were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, Conner's Short Version Test and the Children's Global Assessment Scale. Nearly half of our sample had low academic achievement and 36% had no friends...
November 19, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173741/traumatic-stress-interacts-with-bipolar-disorder-genetic-risk-to-increase-risk-for-suicide-attempts
#16
Holly C Wilcox, Janice M Fullerton, Anne L Glowinski, Kelly Benke, Masoud Kamali, Leslie A Hulvershorn, Emma K Stapp, Howard J Edenberg, Gloria M P Roberts, Neera Ghaziuddin, Carrie Fisher, Christine Brucksch, Andrew Frankland, Claudio Toma, Alex D Shaw, Elizabeth Kastelic, Leslie Miller, Melvin G McInnis, Philip B Mitchell, John I Nurnberger
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is one of the most heritable psychiatric conditions and is associated with high suicide risk. To explore the reasons for this link, this study examined the interaction between traumatic stress and BD polygenic risk score in relation to suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescent and young adult offspring and relatives of persons with BD (BD-relatives) compared with adolescent and young adult offspring of individuals without psychiatric disorders (controls)...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172055/offspring-of-depressed-and-anxious-patients-help-seeking-after-first-onset-of-a-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorder
#17
Petra J Havinga, Catharina A Hartman, Ellen Visser, Maaike H Nauta, Brenda W J H Penninx, Lynn Boschloo, Robert A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: Offspring of patients with depressive and/or anxiety disorders are at high risk of developing a similar disorder themselves. Early recognition and treatment may have substantial effects on prognosis. The main aim of this study was to examine the time to initial help-seeking and its determinants in offspring after the first onset of a mood and/or anxiety disorder. METHODS: Data are presented of 215 offspring with a mood and/or anxiety disorder participating in a cohort study with 10 year follow-up...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167651/nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review
#18
Annarosa Cipriano, Stefania Cella, Paolo Cotrufo
Objective: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) refers to the intentional self-inflicted destruction of body tissue without suicidal intention and for purposes not socially sanctioned. Our paper presents an up-to-date overview on nonsuicidal, self-injurious behaviors. Method: In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature search was conducted across two databases, PubMed and PsycARTICLES, regarding the main features of NSSI with a focus on epidemiological and etiologic data, diagnostic criteria, and functions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166250/differences-by-sex-in-association-of-mental-health-with-video-gaming-or-other-nonacademic-computer-use-among-us-adolescents
#19
Hogan H Lee, Jung Hye Sung, Ji-Young Lee, Jae Eun Lee
INTRODUCTION: Although numerous studies have examined the association between playing video games and cognitive skills, aggression, and depression, few studies have examined how these associations differ by sex. The objective of our study was to determine differences by sex in association between video gaming or other nonacademic computer use and depressive symptoms, suicidal behavior, and being bullied among adolescents in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey on 15,624 US high school students...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165137/anorexia-nervosa-depression-and-suicidal-thoughts-among-chinese-adolescents-a-national-school-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Qiguo Lian, Xiayun Zuo, Yanyan Mao, Shan Luo, Shucheng Zhang, Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou, Weijin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Although there is much literature on adolescent suicide, combined effects of depression and anorexia nervosa on suicide were rarely investigated. The aims of this study are to examine the association between anorexia nervosa and suicidal thoughts and explore the interaction between anorexia nervosa and depression. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, in the study, a sample of 8,746 Chinese adolescents was selected by multistage stratified method in 2012/2013 from 20 middle schools in 7 provinces across China Mainland...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
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