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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455724/adolescent-and-young-adult-male-mental-health-transforming-system-failures-into-proactive-models-of-engagement
#1
REVIEW
Simon M Rice, Rosemary Purcell, Patrick D McGorry
Adolescent and young adult men do poorly on indicators of mental health evidenced by elevated rates of suicide, conduct disorder, substance use, and interpersonal violence relative to their female peers. Data on global health burden clearly demonstrate that young men have a markedly distinct health risk profile from young women, underscoring different prevention and intervention needs. Evidence indicates that boys disconnect from health-care services during adolescence, marking the beginning of a progression of health-care disengagement and associated barriers to care, including presenting to services differently, experiencing an inadequate or poorly attuned clinical response, and needing to overcome pervasive societal attitudes and self-stigma to access available services...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449136/sexual-orientation-discordance-and-nonfatal-suicidal-behaviors-in-u-s-high-school-students
#2
Francis B Annor, Heather B Clayton, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Shalon M Irving, Corinne David-Ferdon, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Studies among adults have documented association between sexual orientation discordance and some suicide risk factors. However, studies examining sexual orientation discordance and nonfatal suicidal behaviors in youth are rare. This study examines the association between sexual orientation discordance and suicidal ideation/suicide attempts among a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students. METHODS: Using sexual identity and sex of sexual contact measures from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n=6,790), a sexual orientation discordance variable was constructed describing concordance and discordance (agreement and disagreement, respectively, between sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444355/ethnic-variations-of-trajectories-in-suicide-ideation-and-attempt-from-middle-school-to-high-school
#3
Jahun Kim, Kenneth Pike, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep
The purpose of this study was to compare patterns of suicide ideation and suicide attempt in three ethnic groups. We analyzed data from 463 students with ethnic backgrounds of African American (AA), Asian American (ASA), and European American (EA) for 6 years. The best fit model was a three-trajectory class model for all groups. The majority of adolescents belonged in the nonideators trajectory. The high level of ideation was found in the high ideators (4%), high-fluctuating ideators (8%), and high-decreasing ideators (4%) trajectory in AA, ASA, and EA, respectively...
February 14, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438124/friendly-faces-characteristics-of-children-and-adolescents-with-repeat-visits-to-a-specialized-child-psychiatric-emergency-program
#4
Mollie Marr, Sarah M Horwitz, Ruth Gerson, Amy Storfer-Isser, Jennifer F Havens
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric mental health emergency department (ED) visits continue to rise with 19% to 62% of youth presenting to the ED ultimately returning for a mental health-related complaint. To better understand the needs of children returning to the ED, this study examines the clinical, demographic, and environmental factors associated with revisits to a dedicated child psychiatric ED. METHODS: Clinical factors, home environment, and mental health service utilization of 885 children presenting to a dedicated child psychiatric ED over a 1-year period were abstracted by retrospective chart review...
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434657/mental-health-status-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-of-migrant-children-in-eastern-coastal-china-in-comparison-to-urban-children-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Jingjing Lu, Feng Wang, Pengfei Chai, Dongshuo Wang, Lu Li, Xudong Zhou
Purpose: Although adolescents' mental health problems and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) have been a serious public health concern worldwide, descriptions of risk factors for SITBs often fail to take migration into account. There are roughly 35.8 million migrant children in China who, with their parents, moved from original rural residence to urban areas. Little is known about migrant children's mental health status and levels of SITBs. This study aims to explore the mental health status and SITBs of migrant children living in eastern coastal China in comparison to their urban counterparts...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420772/purchased-behavioral-health-care-received-by-military-health-system-beneficiaries-in-civilian-medical-facilities-2000-2014
#6
Nikki R Wooten, Jordan A Brittingham, Ronald O Pitner, Abbas S Tavakoli, Diana D Jeffery, K Sue Haddock
Introduction: Behavioral health conditions are a significant concern for the U.S. military and the Military Health System (MHS) because of decreased military readiness and increased health care utilization. Although MHS beneficiaries receive direct care in military treatment facilities, a disproportionate majority of behavioral health treatment is purchased care received in civilian facilities. Yet, limited evidence exists about purchased behavioral health care received by MHS beneficiaries...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417834/helping-adolescents-to-better-support-their-peers-with-a-mental-health-problem-a-cluster-randomised-crossover-trial-of-teen-mental-health-first-aid
#7
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416991/adolescent-health-in-urban-india
#8
REVIEW
S Ramadass, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Baridalyne Nongkynrih
Adolescence is the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood, from ages 10 to 19 years. It is a period of dynamic brain development. During this period, adolescents learn from the social behavior and environmental surroundings of their community. Because of rapid urbanization without accounting for the basic health-care amenities, health disparities tend to arise. In this review, we have tried to describe the health profile of adolescents in urban India. Relevant articles were extracted from PubMed and related websites...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409473/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adolescents-the-role-of-comorbidities-and-gender
#9
Judit Balázs, Dóra Győri, Lili Olga Horváth, Gergely Mészáros, Dóra Szentiványi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) with special focus on the role of comorbidities and gender in a clinical sample of adolescents with both a dimensional and a categorical approach to psychopathology. METHODS: Using a structured interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Kid and a self-rated questionnaire, the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory, the authors examined 202 inpatient adolescents (aged: 13-18 years) in the Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital and Outpatient Clinic, Budapest, Hungary...
February 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407359/characterizing-gender-differences-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury-evidence-from-a-large-clinical-sample-of-adolescents-and-adults
#10
Sarah E Victor, Jennifer J Muehlenkamp, Nicole A Hayes, Gregory J Lengel, Denise M Styer, Jason J Washburn
While nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common in both men and women, research exploring the intersection of NSSI and gender has been limited by the use of small samples of males drawn primarily from non-clinical populations. To address these limitations, we analyzed data from a large sample of patients enrolled in an NSSI partial hospitalization program (PHP) to compare males and females across several variables, including NSSI characteristics, correlates, and pre-post treatment outcomes. Results indicated similar NSSI characteristics and treatment outcomes for males and females, with few exceptions...
February 2, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399839/sexting-risk-behavior-and-mental-health-in-adolescents-an-examination-of-2015-pennsylvania-youth-risk-behavior-survey-data
#11
Anne S Frankel, Sarah Bauerle Bass, Freda Patterson, Ting Dai, Deanna Brown
BACKGROUND: Sexting, the sharing of sexually suggestive photos, may be a gateway behavior to early sexual activity and increase the likelihood of social ostracism. METHODS: Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 6021) data from 2015 among Pennsylvania 9th-12th grade students were used to examine associations between consensual and nonconsensual sexting and substance use, mental health, neighborhood safety, and demographic variables. RESULTS: Almost one-third (29%) of students reported consensual sexting, while 3% reported nonconsensual sexting...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398636/temporal-changes-in-the-incidence-of-treated-psychiatric-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders-during-adolescence-an-analysis-of-two-national-finnish-birth-cohorts
#12
David Gyllenberg, Mikko Marttila, Reijo Sund, Elina Jokiranta-Olkoniemi, André Sourander, Mika Gissler, Tiina Ristikari
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive overviews of the temporal changes in treated psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders during adolescence are scarce. We reviewed data from two national cohorts, 10 years apart, to establish the change in use of specialised services for psychiatric and neurodevelopmental diagnoses in Finland. METHODS: We compared the nationwide register-based incidence of psychiatric and neurodevelopmental diagnoses between the 12th birthday and 18th birthday of adolescents born in Finland in 1987 and 1997...
February 1, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397445/population-attributable-risk-of-factors-associated-with-the-repetition-of-self-harm-behaviour-in-young-people-presenting-to-clinical-services-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Katrina Witt, Allison Milner, Matthew J Spittal, Sarah Hetrick, Jo Robinson, Jane Pirkis, Gregory Carter
The repetition of hospital-treated self-harm by young people is common. However, little work has summarised the modifiable factors associated with this. A thorough understanding of those factors most strongly associated with repetition could guide the development of relevant clinical interventions. We systematically reviewed four databases (EMBASE, Medline, PubMed and PsycINFO) until 15 April 2016 to identify all observational studies of factors for the repetition of self-harm or suicide reattempts (together referred to as 'self-harm behaviour') in young people...
February 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395246/how-to-stay-in-touch-with-adolescents-and-young-adults-after-a-suicide-attempt-implementation-of-a-4-phones-calls-procedure-over-1-year-after-discharge-from-hospital-in-a-parisian-suburb
#14
D Normand, S Colin, V Gaboulaud, T Baubet, O Taieb
OBJECTIVES: Post-discharge treatment is a major part of youth suicide prevention. However, many adolescents and young adults suicidal patients released from emergency department (ED) fail to follow through with subsequent outpatient psychiatric appointments. The aims were to (1) implement a one-year follow-up phone-call program for adolescent and young adults suicide attempters admitted at the ED (2) assess its feasibility (3) describe outcomes measures (repeated suicide attempt and observance of outpatient care) and (4) access risk factors to be out of sight at one year follow up and (5) elicit subjective feedback after one year, using narrative data...
January 26, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393837/depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-burdensomeness-mediate-the-association-between-anxiety-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents
#15
Ryan M Hill, Cristina T Del Busto, Victor Buitron, Jeremy W Pettit
OBJECTIVES: A relationship between anxiety disorders and suicide-related behaviors has been demonstrated in adolescents, with a paucity of research examining mediators of this association. The present study hypothesized that anxiety would be associated with suicidal ideation via a serial mediation pathway through depressive symptoms and perceived burdensomeness and/or thwarted belongingness. METHODS: A sample of 80 adolescents (68.8% female, 65.8% Hispanic), 13-19 years of age (mean = 16...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393828/differentiating-suicide-attempters-from-suicide-ideators-the-role-of-capability-for-suicide
#16
Yaxuan Ren, Jianing You, Xu Zhang, Jiyi Huang, Bradley T Conner, Rui Sun, Sian Xu, Min-Pei Lin
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether different components of capability for suicide (i.e., fearlessness about death, pain tolerance, pain insensitivity, preparation for suicide, suicide plan, and courage), as well as painful and provocative events, nonsuicidal self-injury, depressive symptoms, and hopelessness, could distinguish between suicide attempters, suicide ideators, and non-suicidal controls. METHOD: A total of 930 Chinese adolescents completed questionnaires, and a multinomial logistic regression was conducted to identify factors that could distinguish between the three groups...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393826/help-seeking-experiences-of-bereaved-adolescents-a-qualitative-study
#17
Karl Andriessen, Elizabeth Lobb, Jane Mowll, Michael Dudley, Brian Draper, Philip B Mitchell
Despite the potentially devastating effects of a death on the lives of adolescents, little is known about their help-seeking experiences. We interviewed by telephone 39 bereaved adolescents on their help-seeking experiences. Thematic analysis resulted in three themes: Formal support, Informal support and School-related support. Participants provided a critical appraisal of positive and negative experiences, and noted barriers and facilitators for help-seeking. As adolescents bereaved through suicide may receive less social support, professional help is a much-needed auxiliary...
February 2, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387876/mortality-rates-after-the-first-diagnosis-of-psychotic-disorder-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#18
Gregory E Simon, Christine Stewart, Bobbi Jo Yarborough, Frances Lynch, Karen J Coleman, Arne Beck, Belinda H Operskalski, Robert B Penfold, Enid M Hunkeler
Importance: Individuals with psychotic disorders have increased mortality, and recent research suggests a marked increase shortly after diagnosis. Objective: To use population-based data to examine overall and cause-specific mortality after first diagnosis of a psychotic disorder. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study used records from 5 integrated health systems that serve more than 8 million members in 5 states. Members aged 16 through 30 years who received a first lifetime diagnosis of a psychotic disorder from September 30, 2009, through September 30, 2015, and 2 comparison groups matched for age, sex, health system, and year of diagnosis were selected from all members making an outpatient visit (general outpatient group) and from all receiving a first diagnosis of unipolar depression (unipolar depression group)...
January 31, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382632/a-smartphone-app-blueice-for-young-people-who-self-harm-open-phase-1-pre-post-trial
#19
Paul Stallard, Joanna Porter, Rebecca Grist
BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen a significant increase in the availability of smartphone apps for mental health problems. Despite their proliferation, few apps have been specifically developed for young people, and almost none have been subject to any form of evaluation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to undertake a preliminary evaluation of a smartphone app (BlueIce), coproduced with young people and designed to help young people manage distress and urges to self-harm...
January 30, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379325/a-narrative-review-of-binge-eating-disorder-in-adolescence-prevalence-impact-and-psychological-treatment-strategies
#20
REVIEW
Eleonora Marzilli, Luca Cerniglia, Silvia Cimino
Binge eating disorder (BED) represents one of the most problematic clinical conditions among youths. Research has shown that the developmental stage of adolescence is a critical stage for the onset of eating disorders (EDs), with a peak prevalence of BED at the age of 16-17 years. Several studies among adults with BED have underlined that it is associated with a broad spectrum of negative consequences, including higher concern about shape and weight, difficulties in social functioning, and emotional-behavioral problems...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
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