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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724030/-violence-and-mental-health-issues-among-mexican-adolescents-that-have-considered-or-attempted-cross-border-migration
#1
Ruben Chavez-Ayala, Emanuel Orozco-Núñez, Marcela Sánchez-Estrada, Carlos Hernández-Girón
The aim of this study was to estimate the role of victimization by violence among Mexican adolescents that have considered or attempted migrating to the United States, including mental health variables (emotional self-esteem, self-esteem in school, depression, suicidal ideation, and attempted suicide) as mediators of the effects. The study used a cross-sectional design with a stratified cluster sample of 13,198 adolescents from the 2nd Mexican National Survey on Exclusion, Intolerance, and Violence in public schools in 2009...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724022/-characteristics-of-sexual-violence-against-adolescent-and-adult-women-reported-by-the-public-health-services-in-santa-catarina-state-brazil
#2
Carmem Regina Delziovo, Carolina Carvalho Bolsoni, Nazaré Otília Nazário, Elza Berger Salema Coelho
Sexual violence against women is a form of gender violence and both a severe human rights violation and public health problem. This ecological, descriptive, and temporal series study aims to analyze sexual violence against pre-adolescent, adolescent, and adult females in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, based on data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases, in order to describe the characteristics of cases of sexual violence perpetrated against women, reported by health professionals from 2008 a 2013...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715280/fatigue-moderates-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-suicidal-ideation-evidence-from-two-high-resolution-studies
#3
Evan M Kleiman, Brianna J Turner, Alexander L Chapman, Matthew K Nock
Theoretical models of self-harm suggest that high perceived stress and high fatigue (which might affect the ability to cope with stress) may interact to predict the short-term occurrence of suicidal ideation and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). We tested 3 approaches to examining this interaction, each of which provided a different understanding of the specific nature of these associations: comparing each individual's daily stress/fatigue to the entire sample's overall average (i.e., grand-mean centering), comparing each individual's daily perceived stress/fatigue to his or her overall average (i...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715239/parental-self-efficacy-to-support-teens-during-a-suicidal-crisis-and-future-adolescent-emergency-department-visits-and-suicide-attempts
#4
Ewa K Czyz, Adam G Horwitz, Carlos E Yeguez, Cynthia J Ewell Foster, Cheryl A King
This study of adolescents seeking emergency department (ED) services and their parents examined parents' self-efficacy beliefs to engage in suicide prevention activities, whether these beliefs varied based on teens' characteristics, and the extent to which they were associated with adolescents' suicide-related outcomes. Participants included 162 adolescents (57% female, 81.5% Caucasian), ages 13-17, and their parents. At index visit, parents rated their self-efficacy to engage in suicide prevention activities and their expectations regarding their teen's future suicide risk...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714893/loneliness-insomnia-and-suicidal-behavior-among-school-going-adolescents-in-western-pacific-island-countries-role-of-violence-and-injury
#5
Bimala Sharma, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
This study aimed to examine whether being bullied, fighting, and injury, regarded in terms of frequency and nature, were significantly associated with psychological distress and suicidal behavior, independent of substance abuse and parental support in adolescents. Secondary analysis of data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey from Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu was conducted. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association of being bullied, fighting and injury with psychological health outcomes (loneliness, insomnia, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt) at a 5% level of significance...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712595/health-related-issues-in-latina-youth-racial-ethnic-gender-and-generational-status-differences
#6
Geraldy Martin-Gutierrez, Jan L Wallander, Anna V Song, Marc N Elliott, Susan R Tortolero, Mark A Schuster
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the early development of a broad range of health issues of importance in adolescence in Latina (female) youth, despite their being potentially a vulnerable group. This study compared suicide and depressive symptoms, substance use, violence exposure, injury prevention, obesity, and health-related quality of life among Latina, African-American, and white females as well as Latino (male) youth in fifth grade, as well as differences related to immigrant generational status for Latinas...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705652/measuring-resilience-in-the-adolescent-population-a-succinct-tool-for-outpatient-adolescent-health
#7
Jordan Barger, Patty Vitale, John P Gaughan, Lori Feldman-Winter
OBJECTIVE: To create a valid tool to measure adolescent resilience, and to determine if this tool correlates with current participation in risk behaviors and prior adverse childhood events. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred adolescents were recruited from primary care clinics in New Jersey for this cross-sectional study. A "7Cs tool" was developed to measure resilience using the 7Cs model of resilience. All participants completed the 7Cs tool, the Adverse Childhood Events Survey, and the Health Survey for Adolescents to identify current risk behaviors...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705261/-cutting-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-on-instagram
#8
R C Brown, T Fischer, A D Goldwich, F Keller, R Young, P L Plener
BACKGROUND: Social media presents an important means for social interaction, especially among adolescents, with Instagram being the most popular platform in this age-group. Pictures and communication about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) can frequently be found on the internet. METHODS: During 4 weeks in April 2016, n = 2826 (from n = 1154 accounts) pictures which directly depicted wounds on Instagram were investigated. Those pictures, associated comments, and user accounts were independently rated for content...
July 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701090/-transference-focused-psychotherapy-for-borderline-adolescents-in-a-day-clinic-treatment-program
#9
Maya Krischer, Tamara Ponton-Rodriguez, Ghazal Rostami Gooran, Stephan Bender
Transference Focused Psychotherapy for Borderline-Adolescents in a Day Clinic Treatment Program This paper focuses on the concept of transference focused psychotherapy (TFP) modified for juvenile borderline patients. Adolescents with borderline developmental personality disorder (bpd) have an essential deficit in their personality structure that leads to oscillations in their self-esteem and in a "split" perception of the world. They suffer from a variety of symptoms and severe impairments on their own and their families' quality of life...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701051/longitudinal-risk-factors-for-suicidal-thoughts-in-depressed-and-non-depressed-young-adolescents
#10
Yi-Ju Pan, Kai-Dih Juang, Shiang-Ru Lu, Shih-Pin Chen, Yen-Feng Wang, Jong-Ling Fuh, Shuu-Jiun Wang
OBJECTIVE: Evidence regarding the role of risk factors in the longitudinal course of suicidal ideation among young adolescents is lacking. We aimed to assess the effects of a range of risk factors, including obesity, academic performance, child-parent relationship, physical maltreatment, and depressive symptoms, on the development of suicidal ideation in young adolescents. METHODS: A school cohort of seventh and eighth graders was followed for 1 year and differences in the risk factors distributions were examined between depressed and non-depressed adolescents...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698352/frequency-and-preventative-interventions-for-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-primary-school-age-children-a-scoping-review-protocol
#11
Danai Bem, Charlotte Connor, Colin Palmer, Sunita Channa, Max Birchwood
INTRODUCTION: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviour have been witnessed in children as young as 6-7 years of age, but while there are many reviews of preventative interventions for NSSI and suicide in adolescents, few have explored its prevalence in younger children and the potential impact of preventative interventions at this stage of life. NSSI and suicidal behaviour are an increasing concern in schools but school-based programmes can improve knowledge, attitudes and help-seeking behaviours and help prevent escalation of NSSI and later suicide...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692921/exploring-the-relationship-between-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-borderline-personality-traits-in-young-adults
#12
Daniel Vega, Rafael Torrubia, Àngel Soto, Joan Ribas, Joaquim Soler, Juan Carlos Pascual, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells, Josep Marco-Pallarés
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent during late adolescence and young adulthood. There is some evidence of a link between NSSI and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), but little is known about the association between BPD traits and the various functions that maintain NSSI. The main purpose of this study was to explore the association between borderline personality traits and NSSI functions in a sample of college students. We also compared NSSI functions in college students who engaged in NSSI to those in an age-matched sample of BPD patients...
July 4, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691838/boys-do-n-t-cry-addressing-the-unmet-mental-health-needs-of-african-american-boys
#13
Michael A Lindsey, Danica R Brown, Michael Cunningham
If African American boys are contemplating taking their lives at early ages, the hope for future generations is challenging at best. What is going on in African American communities that there is a lack of safe spaces for boys to express their emotions and to share their travails with supportive networks in lieu of ending their lives? The situation of African American boys (ages 5-11) committing suicide at higher levels-more than any other group-and the recent studies regarding the rising rates of suicide among African American adolescent boys (12 and older) call for greater reflection and more discourse around the mental health challenges faced by this group...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690561/interparental-conflict-relative-to-suicidal-ideation-in-chinese-adolescents-the-roles-of-coping-strategies-and-meaning-in-life
#14
Rongwei Zhang, Dan Li, Fei Chen, Béatrice M Ewalds-Kvist, Shihong Liu
The aim of this study was to explore the paths between interparental conflict and Chinese adolescents' suicidal ideation. Altogether 931 adolescents (Mage = 17.84, SD = 0.77, females = 531) completed the Dyadic Consensus Scale, Self-Report Coping Scale, Meaning in Life Questionnaire, and Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation questionnaires. Mediation analyses were conducted, focusing on the relations between interparental conflict and suicidal ideation along with coping styles and a sense of meaning in life...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686572/adolescent-suicide-as-a-global-public-health-issue
#15
Zebib K Abraham, Leo Sher
Youth suicide is a major global mental health problem. This review looks at the epidemiology, risk and protective factors associated with youth suicide, and global strategies to address this important issue. To better understand factors contributing to youth suicide, global gender differences in suicide were examined. Global rates of suicide amongst young men are higher than young women. However, there are anomalously higher rates of female youth suicide in India and China, and possible causes of this are examined further...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676778/children-s-first-experience-of-taking-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-can-occur-before-their-10th-birthday-a-systematic-review-identifying-9-factors-that-predicted-doping-among-young-people
#16
Adam R Nicholls, Ed Cope, Richard Bailey, Katrin Koenen, Detlef Dumon, Nikolaos C Theodorou, Benoit Chanal, Delphine Saint Laurent, David Müller, Mar P Andrés, Annemarie H Kristensen, Mark A Thompson, Wolfgang Baumann, Jean-Francois Laurent
Taking performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) can cause serious and irreversible health consequences, which can ultimately lead to premature death. Some young people may take PEDs without fully understanding the ramifications of their actions or based on the advice from others. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the main factors that predicted doping among young people. The literature was systematically reviewed using search engines, manually searching specialist journals, and pearl growing. Fifty-two studies, which included 187,288 young people aged between 10 and 21 years of age, 883 parents of adolescent athletes, and 11 adult coaches, who were interviewed regarding young athletes, were included in this review...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675456/implicit-identification-with-death-predicts-change-in-suicide-ideation-during-psychiatric-treatment-in-adolescents
#17
Catherine R Glenn, Evan M Kleiman, Daniel D L Coppersmith, Angela C Santee, Erika C Esposito, Christine B Cha, Matthew K Nock, Randy P Auerbach
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thoughts and behaviors are major public health concerns in youth. Unfortunately, knowledge of reliable predictors of suicide risk in adolescents is limited. Promising research using a death stimuli version of the Implicit Association Test (Death IAT) indicates that stronger identification with death differs between adults with and without a history of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and uniquely predicts suicide ideation and behavior. However, research in adolescents is lacking and existing findings have been mixed...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675054/psychiatric-disorders-and-suicide-attempts-among-adolescents-victimized-by-school-bullying
#18
Young Rong Bang, Jae Hong Park
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cross-sectional school-based study to investigate psychiatric disorders and suicide risk among adolescents victimized by bullying. METHOD: The study was designed in two stages. In the screening stage, 33,038 middle school students were screened for psychopathology. Next, in the face-to-face interview stage, 1196 participants were assessed for psychiatric disorders using a structured diagnostic instrument. We also collected information about the participants' experiences of bullying and history of suicidal ideation/attempts...
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668758/gender-differences-and-stage-specific-influence-of-parent-adolescent-conflicts-on-adolescent-suicidal-ideation
#19
Yu-Ching Chiu, Chin-Yuan Tseng, Fu-Gong Lin
This study examined familial and peer related factors as predictors of suicidal ideation in school students. Total 2896 participants were included from Taiwan Youth Project released data, a longitudinal survey of adolescent suicidal ideation at ages 15, 18, and 20. Logistic regression analysis risk factors associated with adolescent suicidal ideation reveled differences during the developmental stages. After adjusted for psychological symptoms, effect of quarrels with parents on suicidal ideation lasts in early and middle stages; in the late adolescent stage, only cigarette or alcohol use remained significant...
June 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667569/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-lisdexamfetamine-dimesylate-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-a-phase-iv-2-year-open-label-study-in-europe
#20
David R Coghill, Tobias Banaschewski, Peter Nagy, Isabel Hernández Otero, César Soutullo, Brian Yan, Beatriz Caballero, Alessandro Zuddas
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is increasingly recognized as a persistent disorder requiring long-term management. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the 2-year safety and efficacy of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) in children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: Participants (aged 6-17 years) with ADHD received open-label, dose-optimized LDX 30, 50, or 70 mg/day for 104 weeks. Safety monitoring included treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs), vital signs, electrocardiography, and growth...
June 30, 2017: CNS Drugs
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