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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090667/children-and-young-people-s-conceptualizations-of-depression-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-meta-synthesis
#1
REVIEW
N Georgakakou-Koutsonikou, J M Williams
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing research interest in conceptualizations of mental illness, examined in association with help-seeking, stigma and treatment preferences. A recent focus on young people's concepts has been identified, with depression being one of the most examined conditions. METHODS: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize evidence on children and adolescents' conceptualizations of depression, adopting the model of illness representations...
January 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080099/school-connectedness-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-a-systematic-meta-analysis
#2
Marisa E Marraccini, Zoe M F Brier
Among the protective factors associated with reduced risk for suicide, scientific inquiries into school connectedness are especially important considering that schools are ideally situated to provide interventions reaching the vast majority of youth. Although there is a wealth of research that supports the association between school connectedness and reduced self-report of adolescents having a suicidal thought or making a suicide attempt, inconsistencies in the way studies have measured and operationalized school connectedness limit synthesis across findings...
January 12, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080076/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-in-male-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-seeking-ptsd-treatment
#3
Timothy D Carroll, Joseph M Currier, Wesley H McCormick, Kent D Drescher
OBJECTIVE: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with increased risk for suicide and appear to occur in disproportionately high rates among men who served in the U.S. military. However, research has yet to examine a comprehensive range of ACEs among Iraq/Afghanistan veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or whether these premilitary stressors may contribute to suicidal behavior in this highly vulnerable population. METHOD: A sample of 217 men entering a residential program for combat-related PTSD completed measures for ACEs, combat exposure, and lifetime suicidal ideation and attempts...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079406/predictive-factors-of-depression-symptoms-among-adolescents-in-the-18-month-follow-up-after-wenchuan-earthquake-in-china
#4
Cheryl H K Chui, Mao-Sheng Ran, Rong-Hui Li, Mei Fan, Zhen Zhang, Yuan-Hao Li, Guo Jing Ou, Zhe Jiang, Yu-Zhen Tong, Ding-Zhi Fang
BACKGROUND: It is unclear about the change and risk factors of depression among adolescent survivors after earthquake. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the change of depression, and identify the predictive factors of depression among adolescent survivors after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. METHODS: The depression among high school students at 6, 12 and 18 months after the Wenchuan earthquake were investigated. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used in this study to assess the severity of depression...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076922/evaluating-active-parental-consent-procedures-for-school-programming-addressing-the-sensitive-topic-of-suicide-prevention
#5
Christine M Wienke Totura, Krista Kutash, Christa D Labouliere, Marc S Karver
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the second leading cause of death for adolescents. Whereas school-based prevention programs are effective, obtaining active consent for youth participation in public health programming concerning sensitive topics is challenging. We explored several active consent procedures for improving participation rates. METHODS: Five active consent methods (in-person, students taking forms home, mailing, mailing preceded by primers, mailing followed by reminder calls) were compared against passive consent procedures to evaluate recruitment success, as determined by participation (proportion who responded yes) and response (proportion who returned any response) rates...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076584/impact-of-bullying-victimization-on-suicide-and-negative-health-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-latin-america
#6
Matthew L Romo, Elizabeth A Kelvin
Objective: To compare the prevalence of bullying victimization, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempts, and negative health behaviors (current tobacco use, recent heavy alcohol use, truancy, involvement in physical fighting, and unprotected sexual intercourse) in five different Latin American countries and determine the association of bullying victimization with these outcomes, exploring both bullying type and frequency. Methods: Study data were from Global School-based Student Health Surveys from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Peru, and Uruguay, which covered nationally representative samples of school-going adolescents...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076526/perception-of-pre-and-post-hiv-test-counseling-among-patients-diagnosed-with-aids-in-adolescence-hiv-test-counseling-for-adolescents
#7
Stella Regina Taquette, Adriana de Oliveira Rodrigues, Lívia Rocha Bortolotti
Pre- and post-HIV test counseling has singular importance in adolescence, since it is a phase of great changes, and AIDS is an incurable chronic disease. In order to comprehend the perception of young people with AIDS diagnosed in adolescence regarding the counseling received upon testing, we conducted 39 in-depth interviews, with 23 in female patients and 16 male patients, and then analyzed the data with extensive reading, categorization and interpretation on a comprehensive basis. The results revealed that less than one third received pre-test counseling (30...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071982/longitudinal-prediction-of-suicide-attempts-for-a-diverse-adolescent-sample-of-native-hawaiians-pacific-peoples-and-asian-americans
#8
Earl S Hishinuma, Myra D Smith, Kayne McCarthy, Mark Lee, Deborah A Goebert, Jeanelle J Sugimoto-Matsuda, Naleen N Andrade, Jaques B Philip, Jane J Chung-Do, Reid S Hamamoto, Joy K L Andrade
OBJECTIVE: To determine the longitudinal predictors of past-6-month suicide attempts for a diverse adolescent sample of Native Hawaiians, Pacific peoples, and Asian Americans. METHOD: This study utilized longitudinal data from the Hawaiian High Schools Health Survey (N = 2,083, 9th to 11th graders, 1992-1993 and 1993-1994 school years). A stepwise multiple logistic regression was conducted. RESULTS: The final model consisted of three statistically significant predictors: (1) Time 1 suicide attempt, odds ratio = 30...
January 10, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068464/clinical-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder-comorbidity
#9
Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Karen Jansen, Cristian Patrick Zeni, João Quevedo, Giovana Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
OBJECTIVE: To assess the global functioning and clinical outcomes of children and adolescents with bipolar disorder, children and adolescents with bipolar disorder and substance use disorder (SUD) comorbidity and healthy controls. METHODS: This study had a cross-sectional design. Participants were children and adolescents aged between 6 and 17 years, and data were collected between 2003 and 2015. Psychiatric diagnosis was established according to DSM-IV criteria using the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version or the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065168/functional-outcomes-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-disorders-current-disorder-most-important-but-psychiatric-history-matters-as-well
#10
J Ormel, A M Oerlemans, D Raven, O M Laceulle, C A Hartman, R Veenstra, F C Verhulst, W Vollebergh, J G M Rosmalen, S A Reijneveld, A J Oldehinkel
BACKGROUND: Various sources indicate that mental disorders are the leading contributor to the burden of disease among youth. An important determinant of functioning is current mental health status. This study investigated whether psychiatric history has additional predictive power when predicting individual differences in functional outcomes. METHOD: We used data from the Dutch TRAILS study in which 1778 youths were followed from pre-adolescence into young adulthood (retention 80%)...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056616/adolescents-transitioning-to-high-school
#11
Susan G Williams, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Cory Wornell, Heather Finnegan
Adolescents transitioning to high school may be at greater risk of depression and suicide if they are victims of bullying behavior. This study explored sex differences in bullying victimization (physical, verbal/social, and cyberbullying) and the impact on depressive symptoms and suicidal behaviors in ninth-grade students ( N = 233). Females reported significantly more verbal/social and cyberbullying than male students. There were no significant sex differences in physical bullying; male students who reported physical bullying victimization were more likely to experience depressive symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049449/association-of-atopic-dermatitis-with-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-korea-the-2013-korean-youth-risk-behavior-survey
#12
Seulki Lee, Aesun Shin
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic skin disease which has been known to negatively influence the mental health of patients. However, only a few studies have explored the prevalence of psychiatric problems among AD patients, particularly among adolescents. In this study, we aimed to assess the association of AD with depressive symptoms and suicidal behaviors among adolescents by analyzing data from the 2013 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a nationwide web-based survey. METHODS: Data from 72,435 adolescent middle and high school students in Korea were analyzed...
January 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049101/how-prevalent-and-morbid-are-subthreshold-manifestations-of-major-depression-in-adolescents-a-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Nicholas W Carrellas, Joseph Biederman, Mai Uchida
INTRODUCTION: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) among youth is a public health concern. Our aim was to examine the current body of knowledge to better characterize the prevalence and morbidity associated with subthreshold forms of MDD among youth. Given that MDD tends to develop gradually over time, we hypothesized a high prevalence and considerable impairment associated with youth suffering from depressive symptoms that fall short of full, syndromic status. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed exclusively to identify studies assessing the prevalence and clinical characteristics of subthreshold MDD in adolescents...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044358/reactive-aggression-and-suicide-related-behaviors-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-and-preliminary-meta-analysis
#14
Chelsey M Hartley, Jeremy W Pettit, Daniel Castellanos
The empirical literature on the association between reactive aggression and suicide-related behaviors in children and adolescents was reviewed. A narrative review of seven studies that met inclusion/exclusion criteria is followed by a preliminary meta-analysis to provide insight into the strength of the association between reactive aggression and suicide-related behaviors. Each of the seven studies reported a statistically significant association between reactive aggression and suicide-related behaviors, including suicide, nonfatal suicide attempt, and suicide ideation...
January 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043839/primary-pediatric-care-psychopharmacology-focus-on-medications-for-adhd-depression-and-anxiety
#15
Jeffrey R Strawn, Eric T Dobson, Lisa L Giles
The evidence base for psychopharmacologic interventions in youth with depressive and anxiety disorders as well as attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has dramatically increased over the past two decades. Psychopharmacologic interventions commonly utilized in the pediatric primary care setting-selective serotonin (norepinephrine) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs/SSNRIs), stimulants and α2 agonists-are reviewed. General pharmacologic principles are summarized along with class-related side effects and tolerability concerns (e...
December 30, 2016: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039803/resting-cardiac-function-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-impact-of-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-psychosocial-functioning
#16
Julian Koenig, Lena Rinnewitz, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Julian F Thayer, Michael Kaess
Vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) is reduced in borderline personality disorder (BPD). Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is associated with comorbid psychopathology, in particular BPD. We aimed to examine differences in cardiac function (vmHRV and heart rate [HR]) comparing adolescents (12-17 years) engaging in NSSI (n=30) and healthy controls (n=30). Further, we aimed to determine clinical concomitants of cardiac function in patients with NSSI. Analyses showed no significant group differences on cardiac function...
December 21, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032137/teachers-support-and-depression-among-japanese-adolescents-a-multilevel-analysis
#17
Akiko Mizuta, Kohta Suzuki, Zentaro Yamagata, Toshiyuki Ojima
PURPOSE: Depression is a major cause of suicide among adolescents. Therefore, childhood and adolescent depression is an important public health concern. This study explored factors as class and individual levels that may influence depression among adolescents in Japan. METHODS: A questionnaire survey among junior high school students (N = 2968) from two cities in Japan was conducted. Depression was assessed using the Depression Self-Rating Scale for Children; teachers' support was assessed using the Scale of Expectancy for Social Support...
December 28, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031589/profile-of-young-suicide-attempt-survivors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-puducherry
#18
Anand Lingeswaran
CONTEXT: Puducherry has the highest suicide prevalence rate in India by 2014, predominantly among the 14-30 years age group. AIMS: The aim of the present study is to study the characteristics of adolescent and youth suicide attempters in Puducherry and measure the suicide intent. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: An observational study of 6 months duration was conducted in the Department of Psychiatry, at Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031059/suicide-ideation-among-high-risk-adolescent-females-examining-the-interplay-between-parasympathetic-regulation-and-friendship-support
#19
Matteo Giletta, Paul D Hastings, Karen D Rudolph, Daniel J Bauer, Matthew K Nock, Mitchell J Prinstein
Poor physiological self-regulation has been proposed as a potential biological vulnerability for adolescent suicidality. This study tested this hypothesis by examining the effect of parasympathetic stress responses on future suicide ideation. In addition, drawing from multilevel developmental psychopathology theories, the interplay between parasympathetic regulation and friendship support, conceptualized as an external source of regulation, was examined. At baseline, 132 adolescent females (M age = 14.59, SD = 1...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024181/maternal-and-paternal-personality-profiles-of-adolescent-suicide-attempters
#20
Nurullah Bolat, Tayyib Kadak, Kayi Eliacik, Enis Sargin, Secil Incekas, Hatice Gunes
Personality features have been correlated with suicidal behaviors in recent decades. Given its neurobiological background, Cloninger's model of personality, the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), may help to identify the maternal and paternal personality dimensions associated with adolescent suicide attempts. The present study is the first that specifically compares the temperament and character profiles of both mothers and fathers of the adolescent suicide attempters with a control group, by considering the influence of demographic and clinical factors...
December 18, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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