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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049292/rejection-sensitivity-as-a-vulnerability-marker-for-depressive-symptom-deterioration-in-men
#1
Jannika De Rubeis, Ricardo G Lugo, Michael Witthöft, Stefan Sütterlin, Markus R Pawelzik, Claus Vögele
Consistent across time and cultures, men and male adolescents older than 14 years of age appear underrepresented in mood disorders, and are far less likely than women to seek psychological help. The much higher rate of suicide amongst males suggests that depression in men might be underreported. One of the core human motives is to seek acceptance by others and avoid rejection. Rejection Sensitivity (RS) has been conceptualized as the cognitive-affective processing disposition to anxiously expect, readily perceive, and intensely respond to cues of rejection in the behavior of others...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046278/incidence-clinical-management-and-mortality-risk-following-self-harm-among-children-and-adolescents-cohort-study-in-primary-care
#2
Catharine Morgan, Roger T Webb, Matthew J Carr, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Jonathan Green, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Nav Kapur, Darren M Ashcroft
Objectives To examine temporal trends in sex and age specific incidence of self harm in children and adolescents, clinical management patterns, and risk of cause specific mortality following an index self harm episode at a young age.Design Population based cohort study.Setting UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink-electronic health records from 647 general practices, with practice level deprivation measured ecologically using the index of multiple deprivation. Patients from eligible English practices were linked to hospital episode statistics (HES) and Office for National Statistics (ONS) mortality records...
October 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039414/-the-limbic-system-in-youth-depression-brain-structural-and-functional-alterations-in-adolescent-in-patients-with-severe-depression
#3
Ronny Redlich, Nils Opel, Christian Bürger, Katharina Dohm, Dominik Grotegerd, Katharina Förster, Dario Zaremba, Susanne Meinert, Jonathan Repple, Verena Enneking, Elisabeth Leehr, Joshua Böhnlein, Lena Winters, Neele Froböse, Sophia Thrun, Julia Emtmann, Walter Heindel, Harald Kugel, Volker Arolt, Georg Romer, Christian Postert, Udo Dannlowski
Adolescent-onset Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is associated with an increased risk of recurrent depressive episodes, suicidal behaviors, and psychiatric morbidity throughout the lifespan. The objective of the present study was to investigate brain structural and functional changes in adolescent patients with MDD. Furthermore, we aimed to clarify the influence of early-life stress on brain function and structure. The study investigated adolescent patients with severe MDD (n=20, mean age=16.0, range=15-18 years) and a control sample of matched healthy adolescents (n=21, mean age= 16...
October 17, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035840/characteristics-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-who-died-by-suicide-a-study-of-psychological-autopsies
#4
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Alejandra Giovanna León-Garibay, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego, Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, suicide in children and adolescents has increased considerably, becoming the second cause of death in this age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify characteristics and factors that could precipitate deaths by suicide in children and adolescents. METHODS: Using the psychological autopsy method, we studied 28 suicide cases of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old. Socio-demographic factors, characteristics of the suicide and family history were documented...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035574/a-6-month-open-label-extension-study-of-vortioxetine-in-pediatric-patients-with-depressive-or-anxiety-disorders
#5
Robert L Findling, Adelaide S Robb, Melissa P DelBello, Michael Huss, Nora K McNamara, Elias H Sarkis, Russell E Scheffer, Lis H Poulsen, Grace Chen, Ole M Lemming, Philippe Auby
OBJECTIVES: In this 6-month open-label extension (OLE) of NCT01491035 (a 14-day, open-label, pharmacokinetic/safety lead-in study), the long-term safety and tolerability of vortioxetine (5-20 mg/day) were investigated in children and adolescents with a DSM-IV-TR™ diagnosis of depressive or anxiety disorder in the United States or Germany. The study also was designed to provide data to inform dose selection and titration in future pediatric studies with vortioxetine. METHODS: Safety evaluations included spontaneously reported adverse events (AEs), the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), and the Pediatric Adverse Events Rating Scale (PAERS; clinician administered)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030735/suicide-attempts-among-adolescents-with-self-reported-disabilities
#6
Tally Moses
This study examines the relative risk for suicide attempts (SA) among high-school students self-identifying with one or more disability classifications (nine); assesses the extent to which youth with disabilities are disproportionately vulnerable to risk factors that predict suicidal behavior among all adolescents; and explores whether disability status adds to risk for SA after accounting for a comprehensive set of known risk and protective factors for SA. Analyses using Wisconsin's 2012 Dane County Youth Assessment Survey data found that youth in each disability category were 3-9 times more likely to report suicide attempt(s) relative to peers, and the endorsement of multiple disabilities tripled the risk SA relative to youth reporting a single disability...
October 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027588/mental-disorders-and-the-risk-for-the-subsequent-first-suicide-attempt-results-of-a-community-study-on-adolescents-and-young-adults
#7
Marcel Miché, Patrizia Denise Hofer, Catharina Voss, Andrea Hans Meyer, Andrew Thomas Gloster, Katja Beesdo-Baum, Roselind Lieb
Adolescents and young adults represent the high-risk group for first onset of both DSM-IV mental disorders and lifetime suicide attempt (SA). Yet few studies have evaluated the temporal association of prior mental disorders and subsequent first SA in a young community sample. We examined (a) such associations using a broad range of specific DSM-IV mental disorders, (b) the risk of experiencing the outcome due to prior comorbidity, and (c) the proportion of SAs that could be attributed to prior disorders. During a 10-year prospective study, data were gathered from 3021 community subjects, 14-24 years of age at baseline...
October 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026488/a-longitudinal-study-on-the-effects-of-negative-rearing-experiences-on-adolescents-social-withdrawal-and-aggression
#8
Kyung-Suk Lee, Ok-Joo Choi, Joon-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Children who have experienced negative rearing behaviors show a lack of self-confidence due to emotional instability and are reserved in interpersonal relationships. This can lead to failure in social adaptation and a high risk of depression, suicide, criminal acts, and anti-social behaviors. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the effects of experiencing negative parental rearing behaviors, such as neglect and abuse, on adolescents' social withdrawal and aggression, by utilizing multivariate latent growth models...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024902/psychological-and-behavioral-characteristics-of-suicide-attempts-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-chinese-adolescents
#9
Zhen-Zhen Liu, Hua Chen, Qi-Gui Bo, Ren-Hong Chen, Feng-Wen Li, Lei Lv, Cun-Xian Jia, Xianchen Liu
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempts (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are prevalent in adolescents and important risk factors of suicide death. Both SA and NSSI are associated with multiple psychosocial, behavioral, biological and genetic factors. This study examined similarities and differences in psychological vulnerability and internalizing and externalizing problems between adolescents with SA and NSSI. METHODS: Participants consisted of 11,831 students and had a mean age of 14...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022520/prevalence-of-suicidal-behaviour-and-associated-factors-in-a-large-sample-of-chinese-adolescents
#10
X C Liu, H Chen, Z Z Liu, J Y Wang, C X Jia
AIMS: Suicidal behaviour is prevalent among adolescents and is a significant predictor of future suicide attempts (SAs) and suicide death. Data on the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of suicidal behaviour in Chinese adolescents are limited. This study was aimed to examine the prevalence, characteristics and risk factors of suicidal behaviour, including suicidal thought (ST), suicide plan (SP) and SA, in a large sample of Chinese adolescents. METHOD: This report represents the first wave data of an ongoing longitudinal study, Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort...
October 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017474/the-disease-burden-of-suicide-in-ecuador-a-15%C3%A2-years-geodemographic-cross-sectional-study-2001-2015
#11
Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Katherine Simbaña, Lenin Gómez, Aquiles R Henriquez-Trujillo, Fernando Cornejo-Leon, Eduardo Vasconez, Diana Castillo, Ginés Viscor
BACKGROUND: Suicide affects people from different backgrounds, ethnical groups, socio-economic status and geographical locations. In Latin America, suicide reports arescarce, specially in Andean countries. In Ecuador, very few reports have partially described this phenomenon, nonetheless, estimation of the burden of disease (BoD) hasnever been reported in the country. METHODS: A country-wide comparison was performed using the Ministry of Public Health's national databases of overall mortality, Hospital Discharges Database, and the Population Census of the National Institute of Census and Statistics (INEC)...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992754/suicidal-ideation-and-related-factors-among-korean-high-school-students-a-focus-on-cyber-addiction-and-school-bullying
#12
Min Sohn, Heymin Oh, Sang-Kyu Lee, Marc N Potenza
The purpose of the study was to explore the association among suicidal ideation, cyber addiction, and school bullying of Korean high school students. This descriptive cross-sectional study included 416 students. The data were collected using structured questionnaires on suicidal ideation, Internet and smartphone addiction, experiences of school bullying, impulsiveness, and depression. Students who were bullied (odds ratio [ OR] = 3.0, 95% CI [1.1, 8.4]) and more depressed ( OR = 10.8, 95% CI [2.4, 48.2]) were more likely to have higher scores for suicidal ideation; however, when a lower stringency was used, female gender ( OR = 2...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992550/gender-differences-of-suicides-in-children-and-adolescents-analysis-of-167-suicides-in-a-mexican-population-from-2003-to-2013
#13
Daniela Georgina Aguilar-Velázquez, Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Maria Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan, Yazmin Hernández-Díaz, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego
Suicide is the second cause of death in youth population. The aim of the present study was to analyze demographic characteristics and suicide methods used, as well as to identify gender differences among Mexican children and adolescents (aged 10-17 years) that committed suicide. Between January 2003 and December 2013, 167 suicides of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years of age were documented by the Secretary of Health of the state of Tabasco, Mexico. All sociodemographic characteristics were compared according to gender...
September 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990835/children-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-psychological-consequences-eight-years-after-2004-tsunami
#14
Petra Adebäck, Abbe Schulman, Doris Nilsson
BACKGROUND: There is a need for studies that follow up children and adolescents for many years post disaster since earlier studies have shown that exposure during natural disasters constitutes a risk factor for poor psychological health. AIMS: The main aim was to examine whether there was an association between severity of exposures during a natural disaster experienced in childhood or adolescence and posttraumatic stress symptoms, psychological distress, self-rated health, diagnosis of depression, anxiety or worry, thoughts about or attempted suicide, physical symptoms or daily functioning eight years later in young adulthood...
October 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990824/where-are-they-now
#15
Yossi Levi-Belz, Orit Krispin, Giora Galilee, Ehud Bodner, Alan Apter
BACKGROUND: While a history of suicide attempts has been identified as the most powerful risk factor among adults, it is not clear if this is also true for the adolescent population. Our aim was to examine the differences between attempters and nonattempters in the years following a documented suicide attempt and to investigate the adolescents' prognosis in terms of suicidal behavior and adjustment. METHOD: Military records at induction and during active military service were used to compare 105 adolescent suicide attempters with 105 matched controls...
October 6, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988001/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-rural-china-results-from-a-nationwide-survey-in-china
#16
Jie Tang, Guowei Li, Baoxin Chen, Zhijie Huang, Yanmei Zhang, Hongjuan Chang, Chunxia Wu, Xiaoguang Ma, Jiaji Wang, Yizhen Yu
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a highly prevalent and serious public health problem among adolescents worldwide. However, to date there were no studies assessing the prevalence of NSSI defined by suggested DSM-5 criteria among Chinese adolescents. We aimed to conduct a nationwide survey to explore the prevalence of and risk factors for NSSI among school-based adolescents in rural China. METHODS: A total sample of 15,623 adolescents in rural China were enrolled by using a multistage sampling method...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984477/pediatric-pharmacoepidemiology-safety-and-effectiveness-of-medicines-for-adhd
#17
Antonio Clavenna, Maurizio Bonati
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurobehavioral disorder in children and adolescents that comprises core symptoms of developmentally inappropriate levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity. Stimulant (methylphenidate, amphetamines) and non stimulant (atomoxetine, clonidine and guanfacine) are the treatment usually prescribed for ADHD. Area covered: This review covers the safety of ADHD medications in children and adolescents. MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases were searched with the aim to retrieve prospective studies that monitored the incidence of adverse events (AEs) in children receiving drug therapy for ADHD...
October 12, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982825/detectaweb-project-study-protocol-of-a-web-based-detection-of-mental-health-of-children-and-adolescents
#18
Jose A Piqueras, Mariola Garcia-Olcina, Maria Rivera-Riquelme, Tiscar Rodriguez-Jimenez, Agustin E Martinez-Gonzalez, Pim Cuijpers
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, research and practice addressing mental health has been conducted within a unidimensional model, explaining mental health as the presence/absence of psychological problems (distress or psychopathological symptoms). More recently, accumulative evidence has supported a bi-dimensional model, which conceptualises psychological problems and psychological strengths (well-being) as related-yet-distinct continua that, when considered together, yields a more comprehensive understanding of individuals...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981221/-depression-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#19
M Al Husni Al Keilani, V Delvenne
Child and adolescent depression is often unknown due to its varied and heterogeneous clinical presentation that makes the diagnosis complex. Indeed, it differs from adult depression by some aspects as the absence of depressive experience. It is a major risk factor for suicide, dropping out of school and social isolation. We will identify the specific clinical signs to make a diagnosis in children and adolescents and to identify therapeutic approaches. On the other hand, we will try to highlight the risk factors of depression...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974427/insomnia-disorder-in-adolescence-diagnosis-impact-and-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Massimiliano de Zambotti, Aimee Goldstone, Ian M Colrain, Fiona C Baker
Insomnia disorder is very common in adolescents; it is particularly manifest in older adolescents and girls, with a prevalence comparable to that of other major psychiatric disorders (e.g., depressive disorders). However, insomnia disorder in adolescence is poorly characterized, under-recognized, under-diagnosed, and under-treated, and the reason for the female preponderance for insomnia that emerges after puberty is largely unknown. Insomnia disorder goes beyond an individual complaint of poor sleep or a sleep state misperception, and there is emerging evidence supporting the association of insomnia symptoms in adolescents with alterations in several bio-systems including functional cortical alterations and systemic inflammation...
July 1, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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