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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647722/developing-implementation-strategies-for-firearm-safety-promotion-in-paediatric-primary-care-for-suicide-prevention-in-two-large-us-health-systems-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#1
Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Shari Jager-Hyman, Steven C Marcus, Brian K Ahmedani, John E Zeber, Joel A Fein, Gregory K Brown, Adina Lieberman, Rinad S Beidas
INTRODUCTION: The promotion of safe firearm practices, or firearms means restriction, is a promising but infrequently used suicide prevention strategy in the USA. Safety Check is an evidence-based practice for improving parental firearm safety behaviour in paediatric primary care. However, providers rarely discuss firearm safety during visits, suggesting the need to better understand barriers and facilitators to promoting this approach. This study, Adolescent Suicide Prevention In Routine clinical Encounters, aims to engender a better understanding of how to implement the three firearm components of Safety Check as a suicide prevention strategy in paediatric primary care...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#2
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640991/a-risk-algorithm-for-the-persistence-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-during-college
#3
Philippe Mortier, Glenn Kiekens, Randy P Auerbach, Pim Cuijpers, Koen Demyttenaere, Jennifer G Green, Ronald C Kessler, Matthew K Nock, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronny Bruffaerts
OBJECTIVE: The primary aims of this study are to (a) identify patterns of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) during college among students with lifetime pre-matriculation STB and (b) develop a risk-screening algorithm for persistence of pre-matriculation STB during college. METHODS: Data come from the Leuven College Surveys, a series of prospective cohort studies of all incoming KU Leuven University freshmen. In the academic year 2012-2013, 4,889 incoming freshmen (73...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639209/substance-use-and-misuse-among-children-and-youth-with-mental-illness-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#4
V Herz, N Franzin, J Huemer, D Mairhofer, J Philipp, K Skala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine prevalence, patterns and predictors of substance use among a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Participants included 25 minors aged 12-17 years admitted to an Austrian department of child and adolescent psychiatry. Lifetime use, initiation, frequency and quantity of substance use, sociodemographic, family and school-related data were collected by self-report measures. Substance use disorders were detected using CAGE (a screening instrument for problem drinking) and FTND (Fagerström Test For Nicotine Dependence)...
June 21, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628767/multi-modal-neuroimaging-of-adolescents-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-amygdala-functional-connectivity
#5
Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Bryon A Mueller, Lynn E Eberly, Kristina M Reigstad, Patricia A Carstedt, Kathleen M Thomas, Ruskin H Hunt, Kelvin O Lim, Kathryn R Cullen
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a significant mental health problem among adolescents. Research is needed to clarify the neurobiology of NSSI and identify candidate neurobiological targets for interventions. Based on prior research implicating heightened negative affect and amygdala hyperactivity in NSSI, we pursued a systems approach to characterize amygdala functional connectivity networks during rest (resting-state functional connectivity [RSFC)]) and a task (task functional connectivity [TFC]) in adolescents with NSSI...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624602/the-mediating-effects-of-depressive-symptoms-and-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-the-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-suicidal-behaviors-among-chinese-adolescents
#6
Juan Wang, Yan Xu, Lan Guo, Jian-Xiong Deng, Jing-Hui Huang, Guo-Liang Huang, Xue Gao, Hong Wu, Si-Yuan Pan, Ci-Yong Lu
BACKGROUND: The nature of the relationship between the non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) and suicide has not been clearly elucidated. Some studies have suggested that the relationship between substance use and suicidal ideation may be spurious and could be explained by other variables. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was performed in Guangzhou. A total of 5853 students completed questionnaires and were included in the study. NMUPD, alcohol use, illicit drug use, depressive symptoms, sleep quality, and suicidal behaviors were assessed...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622159/weeding-out-the-justification-for-marijuana-treatment-in-patients-with-developmental-and-behavioral-conditions
#7
Theodora Nelson, Yi Hui Liu, Kara S Bagot, Martin T Stein
Alex is a 13-year-old adolescent with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-combined type, anxiety, and depression. He has been resistant to engaging in therapy and treatment with various medications has been unsuccessful. Alex's parents are concerned about his anxiety, isolation, oppositional behaviors, academic underachievement, truancy, and substance use. A recent altercation with his stepfather led to a police intervention and a brief removal of Alex from the home...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619069/social-determinants-of-depression-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-the-caribbean-a-systematic-review
#8
Catherine R Brown, Ian R Hambleton, Natasha Sobers-Grannum, Shawn M Hercules, Nigel Unwin, E Nigel Harris, Rainford Wilks, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan, Madhuvanti M Murphy
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorder is the largest contributor to years lived with disability in the Caribbean, adding 948 per 100,000 in 2013. Depression is also a major risk factor for suicidal behaviour. Social inequalities influence the occurrence of depression, yet little is known about the social inequalities of this condition in the Caribbean. In support of the 2011 Rio Political Declaration on addressing health inequities, this article presents a systematic review of the role of social determinants on depression and its suicidal behaviours in the Caribbean...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617047/interpersonal-rejection-sensitivity-mediates-the-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-two-high-risk-outcomes
#9
Caitlin A Williams, James D Doorley, Christianne Esposito-Smythers
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated a strong link between peer victimization and suicidal ideation and aggression. This study examined interpersonal rejection sensitivity as a mediator of these associations. METHOD: Diagnostic interviews and assessments were administered to 80 psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents and their parents. RESULTS: Interpersonal rejection sensitivity mediated the association between peer victimization and suicidal ideation as well as aggression after controlling for participant sex and mood disorder diagnosis...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615181/fifteen-minute-consultation-communicating-with-young-people-how-to-use-heeadsss-a-psychosocial-interview-for-adolescents
#10
Montserrat Doukrou, Terry Yvonne Segal
Adolescents undergo a period of biological, social and psychosocial development, and each of these domains impacts each other. Psychosocial areas of concern often emerge over the adolescent period (such as mental health conditions, drug use and risky sexual behaviour); those with chronic illness being at higher risk. The paper aims to guide health practitioners on when and how to approach the psychosocial interview with young people and assess areas of risk or concern. This will include putting them at ease, developing rapport, seeing them alone and explaining confidentiality before commencing the assessment...
June 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612480/adolescent-narrative-comments-in-assessing-medical-students
#11
April Tan, Alexandra Hudson, Kim Blake
BACKGROUND: Adolescent medical interviewing is a difficult topic to teach and assess. Programmatic assessment has been gaining interest in medical teaching, and shifts the mode of assessment from the traditional assessment of learning (e.g. written exams) to the assessment for learning (e.g. feedback). The Structured Communication Adolescent Guide (SCAG) is a programmatic assessment tool that allows an adolescent patient to provide three types of feedback (written, numeric, grade) to a medical student in an authentic clinical workplace...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610467/longitudinal-covariance-of-resting-state-cardiac-function-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-adolescent-non-suicidal-self-injury
#12
Julian Koenig, Sindy Weise, Lena Rinnewitz, Peter Parzer, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
OBJECTIVES: Cardiac function is altered in borderline personality disorder (BPD). In adolescents with non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) resting heart rate (HR) and vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV) are associated with BPD symptoms. The study aimed to investigate longitudinal covariance of BPD symptoms and cardiac function in adolescent NSSI. METHODS: HR and vmHRV were recorded in female adolescents with NSSI (n = 17) completing a baseline and one-year follow-up assessment...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606625/-terrorism-and-human-behavior
#13
S J Leistedt
OBJECTIVES: Theories of religion are essential for understanding current trends in terrorist activities. The aim of this work is to clarify religion's role in facilitating terror and outline in parallel with recent theoretical developments on terrorism and human behaviour. METHODS: Several databases were used such as PubCentral, Scopus, Medline and Science Direct. The search terms "terrorism", "social psychology", "religion", "evolution", and "cognition" were used to identify relevant studies in the databases...
June 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602538/worsening-anxiety-and-depression-after-initiation-of-lumacaftor-ivacaftor-combination-therapy-in-adolescent-females-with-cystic-fibrosis
#14
Cameron J McKinzie, Jennifer L Goralski, Terry L Noah, George Z Retsch-Bogart, Mary Beth Prieur
In both phase III studies of LUM/IVA, as well as an extension study, worsening of mental health was not reported as a common side effect. Here we describe five cases in adolescent female patients that suggest a worsening of anxiety or depression associated with its use. In these five patients, two experienced suicidal ideation and three made suicide attempts that resulted in psychiatric hospitalizations.
June 8, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601718/the-columbia-suicide-severity-rating-scale-associations-between-interrupted-aborted-and-actual-suicide-attempts-among-adolescent-inpatients
#15
Ryan M Hill, Claire E Hatkevich, Iram Kazimi, Carla Sharp
The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale divides suicide attempt behaviors into actual, interrupted, and aborted attempts, but limited data have been reported regarding associations between interrupted, aborted, and actual attempts. This study provided initial data on the ability of interrupted and aborted attempts to estimate the frequency of actual suicide attempts. Participants were adolescent psychiatric inpatients (59.9% female), 12-17 years (mean = 14.73, SD = 1.62). Results suggest that interrupted and aborted suicide attempts are associated with the frequency of actual suicide attempts, controlling for suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms...
June 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599380/association-between-perceived-parental-style-and-depressive-symptoms-among-adolescents-in-hulu-langat-district-malaysia
#16
Jin Kiat Ang, Cheng Kar Phang, Firdaus Mukhtar, Zubaidah Jamil Osman, Hamidin Awang, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Normala Ibrahim, Siti Fatimah Ab Ghaffar
Depression among adolescents is increasing and worrying because of its morbidity and mortality from suicide. It has been found to be associated with negative parental styles. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between perceived negative parental styles and depressive symptoms among adolescents in Hulu Langat District, Selangor, Malaysia. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 1769 secondary school students by using a multistage cluster sampling method. Data were collected by using a set of validated, pre-tested and standardized questionnaires which included the Measures of Parental styles (MOPS) and modified Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale 12 (DASS-12) for adolescents...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598800/associations-among-daytime-sleepiness-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-korean-adolescents
#17
Boksun Yang, Kwisoon Choe, Youngrye Park, Youngmi Kang
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of daytime sleepiness on depression and suicidal ideation in adolescent high-school students. A survey of 538 high school students aged 16-17 years attending two academic schools was conducted. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Beck Depression Inventory and the Scale for Suicide Ideation were used to assess subjects' daytime sleepiness, depression and suicidal ideation. The mean score for daytime sleepiness was 8.52, which indicates a sleep deficit. Significant positive correlations were found between daytime sleepiness and depression, between daytime sleepiness and suicidal ideation and between depression and suicidal ideation...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595098/the-continuity-and-duration-of-depression-and-its-relationship-to-non-suicidal-self-harm-and-suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-in-adolescents-12-17
#18
Stephen R Zubrick, Jennifer Hafekost, Sarah E Johnson, Michael G Sawyer, George Patton, David Lawrence
BACKGROUND: There is a significant overlap between non-suicidal self-harm and suicidal ideation and behavior in young people with both symptom continuity and symptom duration implicated in this association. METHODS: A population sample of Australian 12-17 year olds. Interviewers collected measures for DSM disorders, symptom duration and continuity, and background information from their parents, while young people self-reported symptoms of depression, non-suicidal self-harm and suicidal ideation and behaviors...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590987/-chaotic-arrhythmia-during-successful-resuscitation-after-ingestion-of-yew-taxus-baccata-needles
#19
Andreas Zutter, Kathrin Hauri, Katrina S Evers, Sabine Uhde, Jens Fassl, Oliver Tobias Reuthebuch, Andreas Berset, Michael Kühne, Birgit C Donner
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to describe the management of a case of life-threatening yew (Taxus baccata) intoxication. BACKGROUND: The needles of the yew tree contain highly cardiotoxic taxines. Intoxication with taxines, typically as part of suicide attempts, may lead to potentially lethal arrhythmias which often require prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation and other supportive measures. No specific therapy has been described. In some cases, extracorporeal life support has been used...
June 6, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590823/understanding-death-suicide-and-self-injury-among-adherents-of-the-emo-youth-subculture-a-qualitative-study
#20
Radek Trnka, Martin Kuška, Karel Balcar, Peter Tavel
EMO youth subculture bases its subcultural identification mostly on symbols of death, dying, suicide and other kinds of morbid content. The main goal of the present study was to explore attitudes towards suicidal behavior and self-injury in EMO adolescents. Semi-structured in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 14 EMO adherents, accompanied by the analysis of EMO web discussion forums. Participants reported attitudes including high acceptance for suicidal behavior and self-injury. The identification with the EMO youth subculture is considered to be a factor strengthening vulnerability towards risky behaviors...
June 7, 2017: Death Studies
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