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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742218/if-the-coping-fits-use-it-preadolescent-recent-stress-exposure-differentially-predicts-post-tsst-salivary-cortisol-recovery
#1
Jason J Bendezú, Martha E Wadsworth
This study examined recent stress exposure and effortful coping effects on salivary cortisol (sC) response patterns in preadolescent boys and girls (N = 121, Mage  = 10.60 years). Children were exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and one of two randomly assigned, post-TSST coping conditions: distraction and avoidance. Piecewise growth multilevel modeling did not link children's recent stressful life events or hair cortisol (hC) levels to sC reactivity, though each interacted with coping condition to predict sC recovery patterns...
July 25, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726285/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-executive-function-in-down-syndrome-from-2-to-35%C3%A2-years
#2
S J Loveall, F A Conners, A S Tungate, L J Hahn, T D Osso
BACKGROUND: Previous research has indicated a unique profile of executive function (EF) in children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). However, there is a paucity of research on EF in adults with DS. This study aimed to gain a broader understanding of strengths and weaknesses in EF in DS from 2 to 35 years. METHOD: Parents of 112 individuals with DS between 2 and 35 years participated in this study. Parents either completed the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function - for individuals 6+ years - or the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function Preschool Version - for children 2-5 years...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714097/a-randomized-comparative-pilot-trial-of-family-based-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-reducing-psychosocial-symptoms-disordered-eating-and-excess-weight-gain-in-at-risk-preadolescents-with-loss-of-control-eating
#3
Lauren B Shomaker, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Camden E Matherne, Rim D Mehari, Cara H Olsen, Shannon E Marwitz, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Ranzenhofer, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Natasha L Burke, Omni Cassidy, Sheila M Brady, Laura J Dietz, Denise E Wilfley, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Preadolescent loss-of-control-eating (LOC-eating) is a risk factor for excess weight gain and binge-eating-disorder. We evaluated feasibility and acceptability of a preventive family-based interpersonal psychotherapy (FB-IPT) program. FB-IPT was compared to family-based health education (FB-HE) to evaluate changes in children's psychosocial functioning, LOC-eating, and body mass. METHOD: A randomized, controlled pilot trial was conducted with 29 children, 8 to 13 years who had overweight/obesity and LOC-eating...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712975/fto-genotype-and-weight-status-among-preadolescents-assessing-the-mediating-effects-of-obesogenic-appetitive-traits
#4
Jennifer A Emond, Alison Tovar, Zhigang Li, Reina K Lansigan, Diane Gilbert-Diamond
Polymorphisms in the Fat Mass and Obesity Associated (FTO) gene are robustly associated with overweight and obesity among children, although the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We tested if appetitive traits partially mediated the association between FTO genotype and increased BMI among a sample of US preadolescents. Data were from 178 unrelated 9-10 year olds who participated in an experimental study between 2013 and 2015. Children's DNA was isolated from buccal swabs, and the rs9939609 SNP in the FTO gene was genotyped...
July 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712595/health-related-issues-in-latina-youth-racial-ethnic-gender-and-generational-status-differences
#5
Geraldy Martin-Gutierrez, Jan L Wallander, Anna V Song, Marc N Elliott, Susan R Tortolero, Mark A Schuster
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the early development of a broad range of health issues of importance in adolescence in Latina (female) youth, despite their being potentially a vulnerable group. This study compared suicide and depressive symptoms, substance use, violence exposure, injury prevention, obesity, and health-related quality of life among Latina, African-American, and white females as well as Latino (male) youth in fifth grade, as well as differences related to immigrant generational status for Latinas...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690571/the-correlation-among-neural-dynamic-processing-of-conflict-control-testosterone-and-cortisol-levels-in-10-year-old-children
#6
Fangfang Shangguan, Tongran Liu, Xiuying Liu, Jiannong Shi
Cognitive control is related to goal-directed self-regulation abilities, which is fundamental for human development. Conflict control includes the neural processes of conflict monitoring and conflict resolution. Testosterone and cortisol are essential hormones for the development of cognitive functions. However, there are no studies that have investigated the correlation of these two hormones with conflict control in preadolescents. In this study, we aimed to explore whether testosterone, cortisol, and testosterone/cortisol ratio worked differently for preadolescent's conflict control processes in varied conflict control tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690149/creating-a-social-zeitgeber-to-synchronize-family-emotional-rhythms-a-new-therapeutic-approach-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#7
Matthias Wiss, Sylvie Tordjman
A family can be viewed as a system respecting the principle of homeostasis and therefore considered as a system in equilibrium or out of equilibrium, or even both simultaneously or consecutively. Within a family system, there are oscillatory phenomena and synchronization of the emotional, behavioral and relational rhythms of each member of the family system as well as synchronization of this system with others. A disruption of family synchronies, consisting of successive desynchronizations and resynchronizations, can take place in order for a change to occur...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682188/do-feelings-of-loneliness-mediate-the-relationship-between-sociocognitive-understanding-and-depressive-symptoms-during-late-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#8
Marcella Caputi, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Simona Scaini
An interesting association between sociocognitive understanding and depression has been documented in clinical populations, with high levels of depression apparently related to theory-of-mind deficits. Yet no research has so far investigated this relationship among typically developing preadolescents. Therefore, the authors' main aim was to extend previous findings to the general population and to a younger age group. A secondary aim was to explore the role of feelings of loneliness referring to the previous link...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666392/organized-leisure-time-sport-participation-and-academic-achievement-in-preadolescents
#9
Elvar Smari Sævarsson, Erla Svansdottir, Thorarinn Sveinsson, Tinna Laufey Asgeirsdottir, Sigurbjorn Arni Arngrimsson, Erlingur Johannsson
AIMS: The aims of this study were to study the correlation between lifestyle-related factors, such as organized leisure-time sport participation (OLSP), cardiorespiratory fitness, and adiposity, and academic achievement among preadolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 248 nine-year-old school children was carried out. OLSP was self-reported with parental assistance, categorized as ≤ 1× a week, 2-3× a week, and ≥ 4× times a week or more. Academic achievement was estimated with results from standardized test scores in Icelandic and math...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662867/thoracic-outlet-syndrome-after-the-nuss-procedure-for-pectus-excavatum-is-it-a-rare-complication
#10
Tomohisa Nagasao, Tadaaki Morotomi, Motone Kuriyama, Tetsukuni Kogure, Hirro Kudo, Yusuke Hamamoto, Motoki Tamai
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to elucidate the frequency of thoracic outlet syndrome after the Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum and the conditions in which thoracic outlet syndrome is likely to develop. METHODS: A retrospective study including 85 pectus excavatum patients (58 males and 27 females) was conducted. Thoracic outlet syndrome was defined as a condition in which the patient has numbness, lassitude, or pain of the upper limbs at rest or during motion of the upper limbs...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647169/the-number-of-injected-same-day-preschool-vaccines-relates-to-preadolescent-needle-fear-and-hpv-uptake
#11
Amy L Baxter, Lindsey L Cohen, Mark Burton, Anaam Mohammed, M Louise Lawson
PURPOSE: Fear of needles develops at approximately five years of age, and decreases compliance with healthcare. We sought to examine the relationship of preschool vaccine history, parent and preadolescent needle fear, and subsequent compliance with optional vaccines. METHODS: As part of a private practice randomized controlled trial, parents and 10-12year olds rated needle anxiety on a 100mm visual analog scale. This follow-up cohort study compared their needle anxiety to previous vaccination records, including number of vaccinations between ages four and six years (total and same-day maximum), and subsequent initiation of the HPV vaccine through age 13...
June 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646974/testing-the-feasibility-of-a-briefer-school-based-preventive-intervention-with-aggressive-children-a-hybrid-intervention-with-face-to-face-and-internet-components
#12
John E Lochman, Caroline L Boxmeyer, Shannon Jones, Lixin Qu, David Ewoldsen, W Michael Nelson
This study describes the results from a feasibility study of an innovative indicated prevention intervention with hybrid face-to-face and web-based components for preadolescent youth. This intervention includes a considerably briefer set of face-to-face sessions from the evidence-based Coping Power program and a carefully integrated internet component with practice and teaching activities and cartoon videos for children and for parents. The Coping Power - Internet Enhanced (CP-IE) program introduces a set of cognitive-behavioral skills in 12 small group sessions for children delivered during the school day and 7 group sessions for parents...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638823/comparing-the-effect-of-animal-rearing-education-in-japan-with-conventional-animal-assisted-education
#13
REVIEW
Yuka Nakajima
An increasing number of teachers are introducing animals into their class so that pupils foster cognitive, physiological, and social skills through their interaction with animals. Along with such an educational style termed animal-assisted education (AAE), Japanese formal education has also utilized animals for education. Japanese animal-rearing education is unique regarding the following two points: (1) it takes the form of "education through assisting animals" rather than "animals assisting education" and (2) animal rearing is embedded in formal education...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631965/short-term-test-retest-reliability-of-the-impact-in-healthy-young-athletes
#14
Amanda M O'Brien, Joseph E Casey, Rachel M Salmon
The present study examined the short-term test-retest reliability of the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) variables with healthy 11- to 14-year-old athletes. 53 young athletes (Mage = 12.4 years, 9 female) were administered the ImPACT on two separate occasions two weeks apart. Participants were instructed to complete the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) and the baseline computerized neurocognitive test during both the baseline and retest phases. Intraclass correlation (ICC), standard error of measurement (SEM), and reliable change index (RCI) were used as reliability metrics...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623918/effects-of-herbal-medicine-for-dysmenorrhea-treatment-on-accompanied-acne-vulgaris-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kwan-Il Kim, Hae Jeong Nam, Mia Kim, Junhee Lee, Kyuseok Kim
BACKGROUND: The incidence of preadolescent acne among women is increasing. Acne deteriorates the quality of life; conventional treatment options are limited and have not been effective against acne, particularly acne associated with menstruation. Despite evidence that acne associated with menstruation abnormalities naturally improves when menstruation recovers to normal, there have only been few studies on the effects of dysmenorrhea treatment on acne. Therefore- we designed this study to assess the effects of gyejibokryung-hwan (GBH) and dangguijagyag-san (DJS), which are widely used in dysmenorrhea treatment, on acne associated with menstruation cycle...
June 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622956/obesity-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-cognitive-function-in-childhood
#16
Lauren B Raine, Naiman A Khan, Eric S Drollette, Matthew B Pontifex, Arthur F Kramer, Charles H Hillman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a 9-month physical activity intervention on changes in adiposity and cognitive control based on pretrial weight status (ie, healthy weight vs obese) in children. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included obese (n = 77) and matched healthy-weight (n = 77) preadolescents (8-9 years) who participated in a 9-month physical activity randomized controlled trial. Cognitive function was assessed with an inhibitory control task (modified flanker task)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615354/parenting-intervention-at-age-11-and-cotinine-levels-at-age-20-among-african-american-youth
#17
Yi-Fu Chen, Tianyi Yu, Gene H Brody
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to test the hypothesis that African American preadolescents who participated in a family-centered parenting intervention at age 11 would show lower levels of cotinine, a biomarker for recent smoking, at age 20 than would similar participants in the control condition. The study was also designed to test the hypothesis that prevention-induced increases in supportive parenting would account for any prevention effects that emerged. METHODS: African American parents and their 11-year-old children in the rural southern United States were assigned randomly to the Strong African American Families program or to a control condition...
June 14, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610974/positive-modulation-of-%C3%AE-5-gabaa-receptors-in-preadolescence-prevents-reduced-locomotor-response-to-amphetamine-in-adult-female-but-not-male-rats-prenatally-exposed-to-lipopolysaccharide
#18
Bojan Batinić, Anja Santrač, Ivan Jančić, Guanguan Li, Aleksandra Vidojević, Bojan Marković, James M Cook, Miroslav M Savić
We previously demonstrated that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) to pregnant Wistar rat dams, at embryonic days 15 and 16 (E15/16), induced a decrease of baseline locomotor activity and diminished reactivity to amphetamine in adult female offspring. In the present study we aimed to assess the duration of LPS-induced maternal immune activation (MIA) and investigate possible changes in levels of main neurotransmitters in fetal brain during MIA. We hypothesized that the observed behavioral changes may be linked with MIA-induced disturbance of prenatal GABAergic system development, especially with α5 GABAA receptors (α5GABAARs), expression of which takes place between E14 and E17...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608168/a-unique-path-to-callous-unemotional-traits-for-children-who-are-temperamentally-fearless-and-unconcerned-about-transgressions-a-longitudinal-study-of-typically-developing-children-from-age-2-to-12
#19
Kathryn C Goffin, Lea J Boldt, Sanghag Kim, Grazyna Kochanska
Despite the acknowledged significance of callous-unemotional (CU) traits in developmental psychopathology, few studies have examined their early antecedents in typically developing children, in long-term longitudinal designs, using observational measures. In 102 community mothers, fathers, and children (N = 51 girls), we examined main and interactive effects of children's fearless temperament and low concern about transgressions from toddler to early school age as predictors of CU traits in middle childhood and early preadolescence...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605263/acute-compensatory-responses-to-interrupting-prolonged-sitting-with-intermittent-activity-in-preadolescent-children
#20
Molly P O'Sullivan, Matthew R Nagy, Shannon S Block, Trevor R Tooley, Leah E Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi, Rebecca E Hasson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of intermittent activity performed at varying intesnities and prolonged sitting on physical activity compensation. METHODS: Thirty-three children (14 boys, 19 girls; ages 7-11 years; 24% overweight/obese; 61% non-white) completed four experimental conditions in random order: 8 hours of sitting interrupted with 20, 2-minute low-, moderate-, or high-intensity activity breaks or 20, 2-minute sedentary computer-game breaks...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
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