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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906193/translation-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-chinese-version-of-the-dutch-eating-behavior-questionnaire-for-children-in-taiwanese-preadolescents
#1
Ya-Fen Wang, Hsiao-Ling Chuang, Chi-Wen Chang, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898388/memory-and-executive-functioning-in-12-year-old-children-with-a-history-of-institutional-rearing
#2
Johanna Bick, Charles H Zeanah, Nathan A Fox, Charles A Nelson
We examined visual recognition memory and executive functioning (spatial working memory [SWM], spatial planning, rule learning, and attention shifting) in 12-year-olds (n = 150) who participated in the Bucharest Early Intervention Project, a randomized controlled trial of foster care for institutionally reared children. Similar to prior reports at 8 years of age, institutionally reared children showed significant deficits in visual recognition memory and SWM. Deficits in attention shifting and rule learning were also apparent at this time point...
September 12, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884265/how-is-weight-stigma-related-to-children-s-health-related-quality-of-life-a-model-comparison-approach
#3
Veronica Guardabassi, Alberto Mirisola, Carlo Tomasetto
PURPOSE: Obesity is a highly stigmatizing condition for both adults and children, and both obesity and stigma experiences are negatively related with health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, the relations among these constructs have been modeled in different and sometimes inconsistent terms in past research, and have been the object of surprisingly few studies in pediatric populations. The present study addresses this gap by comparing, in a sample of preadolescent children, four competing models (i...
September 7, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882051/temperament-coping-and-involuntary-stress-responses-in-preadolescent-children-the-moderating-role-of-achievement-goal-orientation
#4
Alaina Wodzinski, Jason J Bendezú, Martha E Wadsworth
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental theorists posit that temperament contributes to preadolescent's stress response styles. Findings from empirical studies, however, have yielded mixed results, thus indicating a need to consider moderators of this relation. Utilizing an analytic framework guided by resiliency theory [Zimmerman, M. A. (2013). Resiliency theory: A strengths-based approach to research and practice for adolescent health. Health Education & Behavior, 40, 381-383], this study examined achievement goal orientation as a moderator of the relation between temperament and stress response styles...
September 7, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862324/do-sleep-problems-mediate-the-link-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-delinquency-in-preadolescent-children-in-foster-care
#5
Erin P Hambrick, Sonia L Rubens, Thomas W Brawner, Heather N Taussig
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with multiple mental and physical health problems. Yet, mechanisms by which ACEs confer risk for specific problems are largely unknown. Children in foster care typically have multiple ACEs and high rates of negative sequelae, including delinquent behaviors. Mechanisms explaining this link have not been explored in this population. Impaired sleep has been identified as a potential mechanism by which ACEs lead to delinquency in adolescents, because inadequate sleep may lead to poor executive function and cognitive control - known risk factors for delinquency...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860939/infectious-mononucleosis-like-syndrome-with-high-lymphocytosis-and-positive-igm-ebv-and-cmv-antibodies-in-a-three-year-old-girl
#6
Joanna Alicja Krupka, Katarzyna Samelska, Anna Tomasik, Anna Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, Katarzyna Pawelec
Primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection usually affects preadolescent children or young adults, causing similar clinical presentation. Signs and symptoms are typically mild, and the majority of clinical and laboratory findings resolve spontaneously within one month after onset. In adulthood, the risk of fulminant EBV infection and severe complications is much higher, which may be related to increasing memory CD8+ T-cell population with age. It is still not clear what exactly triggers T-cell clonal proliferation...
2017: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852240/effects-of-family-structure-on-mental-health-of-children-a-preliminary-study
#7
Aniruddh Prakash Behere, Pravesh Basnet, Pamela Campbell
BACKGROUND: To find any association between family structure and rates of hospitalization as an indicator for behavior problems in children. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 154 patients who were admitted to the preadolescent unit at Lincoln Prairie Behavioral Health Center between July and December 2012. RESULTS: We found that only 11% of children came from intact families living with biological parents while 89% had some kind of disruption in their family structure...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842343/australian-children-s-perceptions-of-discretionary-foods
#8
Stefania Velardo, Murray Drummond
Energy-dense nutrient poor foods and drinks, often referred to as discretionary choices, can contribute a significant amount of energy, fat, sodium and sugar to the diet if consumed in large quantities. Currently many Australian children are consuming a diet that is characterised by large quantities of discretionary items. We undertook a qualitative study to gain a descriptive account of preadolescent children's attitudes and perceptions towards health and nutrition. A series of 6 focus groups and 14 individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with thirty-eight children aged 11-12 years, across three state government schools in a socially disadvantaged region of metropolitan South Australia...
August 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833904/early-childhood-trajectories-of-separation-anxiety-bearing-on-mental-health-academic-achievement-and-physical-health-from-mid-childhood-to-preadolescence
#9
Marco Battaglia, Gabrielle Garon-Carrier, Sylvana M Côté, Ginette Dionne, Evelyne Touchette, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Michel Boivin
BACKGROUND: Separation anxiety disorder is the most prevalent childhood anxiety condition, but no study assessed children for separation anxiety at preschool age and followed them longitudinally and directly until mid-childhood/early adolescence. METHODS: Multi-informant (children, teachers, family), multipoint (at age 8, 10, 12, 13) assessments of 1,290 children of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development, who had been categorized between age 1.5 and 6 into four specific separation anxiety trajectories (1, low-persistent; 2, low-increasing; 3, high-decreasing, and the less common: 4, high-increasing) by growth mixture modeling...
August 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832965/self-construals-and-social-adjustment-in-immigrant-and-nonimmigrant-early-adolescents-the-moderating-role-of-executive-functioning
#10
Diana Miconi, Ughetta Moscardino, Gianmarco Altoè, Silvia Salcuni
This study examined whether executive functions (EFs) moderate the association between independent and interdependent self-construals and social adjustment in 488 Moroccan, Romanian, and Italian preadolescents (ages 11-13) in Italy. Participants were assessed using self-report questionnaires and standardized EF tasks. Better working memory was related to increased social competence across all groups. High levels of inhibitory control were found to enhance the positive relation between interdependence and prosocial behavior for native Italian youth, and between interdependence and social competence for Moroccan preadolescents...
August 21, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831835/bone-pain-in-a-preadolescent-girl
#11
Stephanie Syu, Colleen Story, Sean R Waldron, Russell W Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817408/reactive-osteochondromatous-lesion-of-the-femoral-neck-in-a-highly-active-preadolescent-patient-is-this-the-pathogenesis-of-a-cam-deformity
#12
Yoko Matsuda, Naomi Kobayashi, Yutaka Inaba, So Kubota, Yohei Yukizawa, Hyonmin Choe, Ikuma Kato, Kenichi Ohashi, Tomoyuki Saito
Here, we present a rare case of a preadolescent boy with a prominent bony bump on the femoral neck. The main histological feature was concordant with a reactive osteochondromatous lesion possibly induced by repetitive microtrauma, probably because of overtraining as a soccer goalkeeper. The nature of this pathological change is consistent with the growth of a cam deformity. Especially in the preadolescent age group, we should note that repetitive use of the same joint kinematics may induce a prominent cam deformity...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812306/barber-led-sexual-health-education-intervention-for-black-male-adolescents-and-their-fathers
#13
Schenita D Randolph, Terrence Pleasants, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda
OBJECTIVE: To explore barbers' attitudes and beliefs regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a barber- led STI/HIV risk reduction intervention for fathers and their preadolescent and adolescent sons. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Twenty-two barbers were recruited from barbershops and a barber school in central North Carolina. MEASURES: A combination of five focus groups and two key informant interviews were conducted...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811741/consistency-and-variability-of-dna-methylation-in-women-during-puberty-young-adulthood-and-pregnancy
#14
Su Chen, Nandini Mukherjee, Vimala Devi Janjanam, S Hasan Arshad, Ramesh J Kurukulaaratchy, John W Holloway, Hongmei Zhang, Wilfried Karmaus
Prior DNA methylation (DNA-m) analyses have identified cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) sites, which show either a significant change or consistency during lifetime. However, the proportion of CpGs that are neither significantly different nor consistent over time (indifferent CpGs) is unknown. We investigated the methylation dynamics, both longitudinal changes and consistency, in women from preadolescence to late pregnancy using DNA-m of peripheral blood cells. Consistency of cell type-adjusted DNA-m between paired individuals was assessed by regressing CpGs of subsequent age on the prior, stability by intraclass correlation coefficients (>0...
2017: Genetics & Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802591/maternal-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-behaviors-as-correlates-of-preadolescent-s-breakfast-habits
#15
Reem A Ali, Nadin M Abdel Razeq, Karimeh M Alnuaimi, Fatmeh A Alzoubi
PURPOSE: To explore factors affecting skipping breakfast rate, and to identify its perceived reasons among preadolescent students and their mothers in Jordan. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using cluster stratified sampling, preadolescent (10-11years) students (N=1915) and their mothers (N=1299) from 26 public and private schools completed a self-reported questionnaire. Breakfast skipping and its related habits were described. Children's and mothers' perceptions of regular breakfast eating and sociodemographic factors were analyzed in relation to breakfast skipping in children...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792079/mentoring-relationship-quality-and-maltreated-children-s-coping
#16
Ashley A Chesmore, Lindsey M Weiler, Heather N Taussig
Coping strategies are believed to protect against the harmful effects of maltreatment on children's psychosocial outcomes. Caregivers are thought to be critical in helping children develop adaptive coping strategies, yet many maltreated children have poor and/or insecure relationships with their parents. A quality relationship with a caring, non-parental adult (e.g., a mentor), however, may be one strategy to promote healthy coping among maltreated children. Children (N = 154) in this study participated in a mentoring and skill-based program for maltreated preadolescents placed in foster care...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750266/the-role-of-appearance-schematicity-in-the-internalization-of-media-appearance-ideals-a-panel-study-of-preadolescents
#17
Ann Rousseau, Hilary Gamble, Steven Eggermont
Individuals who are more strongly invested in their appearance, appearance schematics, have a tendency to engage in appearance-related comparison. Appearance schematicity consists of two components. The self-evaluative component concerns the degree to which appearance is central to self-worth, referred to as dysfunctional appearance beliefs. Motivational salience refers to the engagement in behaviors designed to enhance appearance, such as body surveillance. Based on a three-wave panel survey of 973 Flemish preadolescents (Mage = 11...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742218/if-the-coping-fits-use-it-preadolescent-recent-stress-exposure-differentially-predicts-post-tsst-salivary-cortisol-recovery
#18
Jason J Bendezú, Martha E Wadsworth
This study examined recent stress exposure and effortful coping effects on salivary cortisol (sC) response patterns in preadolescent boys and girls (N = 121, Mage  = 10.60 years). Children were exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and one of two randomly assigned, post-TSST coping conditions: distraction and avoidance. Piecewise growth multilevel modeling did not link children's recent stressful life events or hair cortisol (hC) levels to sC reactivity, though each interacted with coping condition to predict sC recovery patterns...
July 25, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726285/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-executive-function-in-down-syndrome-from-2-to-35%C3%A2-years
#19
S J Loveall, F A Conners, A S Tungate, L J Hahn, T D Osso
BACKGROUND: Previous research has indicated a unique profile of executive function (EF) in children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). However, there is a paucity of research on EF in adults with DS. This study aimed to gain a broader understanding of strengths and weaknesses in EF in DS from 2 to 35 years. METHOD: Parents of 112 individuals with DS between 2 and 35 years participated in this study. Parents either completed the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function - for individuals 6+ years - or the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function Preschool Version - for children 2-5 years...
September 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714097/a-randomized-comparative-pilot-trial-of-family-based-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-reducing-psychosocial-symptoms-disordered-eating-and-excess-weight-gain-in-at-risk-preadolescents-with-loss-of-control-eating
#20
Lauren B Shomaker, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Camden E Matherne, Rim D Mehari, Cara H Olsen, Shannon E Marwitz, Jennifer L Bakalar, Lisa M Ranzenhofer, Nichole R Kelly, Natasha A Schvey, Natasha L Burke, Omni Cassidy, Sheila M Brady, Laura J Dietz, Denise E Wilfley, Susan Z Yanovski, Jack A Yanovski
OBJECTIVE: Preadolescent loss-of-control-eating (LOC-eating) is a risk factor for excess weight gain and binge-eating-disorder. We evaluated feasibility and acceptability of a preventive family-based interpersonal psychotherapy (FB-IPT) program. FB-IPT was compared to family-based health education (FB-HE) to evaluate changes in children's psychosocial functioning, LOC-eating, and body mass. METHOD: A randomized, controlled pilot trial was conducted with 29 children, 8 to 13 years who had overweight/obesity and LOC-eating...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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