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Katherine C Lopez, Joan L Luby, Andy C Belden, Deanna M Barch
Recent interest has emerged in understanding the neural mechanisms by which deficits in emotion regulation (ER) early in development may relate to later depression. Corticolimbic alterations reported in emotion dysregulation and depression may be one possible link. We examined the relationships between emotion dysregulation in school age, corticolimbic resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) in preadolescence, and depressive symptoms in adolescence. Participants were 143 children from a longitudinal preschool onset depression study who completed the Children Sadness Management Scale (CSMS; measuring ER), Child Depression Inventory (CDI-C; measuring depressive symptoms), and two resting-state MRI scans...
March 9, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Anna McKinnon, Robert Keers, Jonathan R I Coleman, Kathryn J Lester, Susanna Roberts, Kristian Arendt, Susan M Bögels, Peter Cooper, Cathy Creswell, Catharina A Hartman, Krister W Fjermestad, Tina In-Albon, Kristen Lavallee, Heidi J Lyneham, Patrick Smith, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Maaike H Nauta, Ronald M Rapee, Yasmin Rey, Silvia Schneider, Wendy K Silverman, Mikael Thastum, Kerstin Thirlwall, Gro Janne Wergeland, Thalia C Eley, Jennifer L Hudson
BACKGROUND: Several delivery formats of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for child anxiety have been proposed, however, there is little consensus on the optimal delivery format. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the impact of the child's primary anxiety diagnosis on changes in clinical severity (of the primary problem) during individual CBT, group CBT and guided parent-led CBT. The secondary goal was to investigate the impact of the child's primary anxiety diagnosis on rates of remission for the three treatment formats...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Sasidharanpillai Sabeena, Parvati V Bhat, Veena Kamath, Govindakarnavar Arunkumar
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections continue to be one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide. The oncogenic potential of this virus was well established in anogenital malignancies and oropharyngeal cancers. Even though a fall in cervical cancer rates has been reported worldwide, the subsequent rise in HPV-associated head and neck cancers among men and women have been reported from developed countries, necessitating the vaccination of adolescent boys as well. The objective of this narrative review is to provide an update on the current status of HPV vaccination worldwide...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Christine Holyfield, Jessica Gosnell Caron, Kathryn Drager, Janice Light
PURPOSE: Visual scene displays (VSDs) and just-in-time programming supports are augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) technology features with theoretical benefits for beginning communicators of all ages. The goal of the current study was to evaluate the effects of a communication application (app) on mobile technology that supported the just-in-time programming of VSDs on the communication of preadolescents and adolescents who were beginning communicators. METHOD: A single-subject multiple-baseline across participant design was employed to evaluate the effect of the AAC app with VSDs programmed just-in-time by the researcher on the communication turns expressed by five preadolescents and adolescents (9-18 years old) who were beginning communicators...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Susan Yoon, Jennifer L Bellamy, Wonhee Kim, Dalhee Yoon
Although there is a well-established connection between father involvement and children's positive behavioral development in general, this relation has been understudied in more vulnerable and high-risk populations. The aims of this study were to examine how the quantity (i.e., the amount of shared activities) and quality (i.e., perceived quality of the father-child relationship) of father involvement are differently related to internalizing and externalizing behavior problems among preadolescents at risk of maltreatment and test if these associations are moderated by father type and child maltreatment...
February 2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Shannon S Block, Trevor R Tooley, Matthew R Nagy, Molly P O'Sullivan, Leah E Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi, Rebecca E Hasson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of video game breaks and intermittent exercise breaks, performed at varying intensities, on math performance in preadolescent children. METHODS: A total of 39 children (18 males and 21 females; aged 7-11 y) completed 4 experimental conditions in random order: 8 hours of sitting interrupted with 20 two-minute low-, moderate-, or high-intensity exercise breaks or 20 two-minute sedentary computer game breaks...
February 27, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
Nicholas N DePhillipo, Mark E Cinque, Nicholas I Kennedy, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
Background and Purpose: Early sport specialization (ESS) refers to intense training year round in a specific sport starting at a young age with no or limited participation in other sports. This approach to training is highly controversial; recent literature suggests that this type of specialized training could be a contributing source to overuse injuries in youth athletes. The purpose of this case report was to describe a patellofemoral articular cartilage defect of the knee in a preadolescent skier due to overuse and repetitive microtrauma as a result of ESS...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Boaz Karmazyn, David L Weatherly, Stephen J Lehnert, Mark P Cain, Rong Fan, S Gregory Jennings, Fangqian Ouyang, Martin Kaefer
INTRODUCTION: Testicular tumors in children have two peaks with different types of tumors; in the first 4 years of life a third to half are benign with increased risk of malignancy during puberty. The pathology of testicular tumors between these peaks, at the age of 5-12 years, is not known. We hypothesized that because of the low level of testosterone at this time, the incidence of malignant tumors is very low. OBJECTIVE: To compare malignancy risk of primary testicular tumors in children in the prepubertal period (5-12 years) compared with younger (0-4 years) and pubertal (13-18 years) children...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Daniel P Dickstein, Annmarie E MacNamara, K Luan Phan, Setareh O'Brien, Daniel Le Grange, Jennifer O Fisher, Sarah Keedy
Objective: Neural substrates of loss of control (LOC) eating are undercharacterized. We aimed to model intermittent access to food to elicit disinhibited eating in youth undergoing neuroimaging, given evidence that restricted food access may increase subsequent food intake via enhancing reward value of food and diminishing eating-related self-control. Methods: Participants were 18 preadolescents (aged 9-12 years) who were overweight/obese with recent LOC eating (OW-LOC; n = 6); overweight/obese with no history of LOC eating (OW-CON; n = 5); or non-overweight with no history of LOC eating (NW-CON; n = 7)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Anna Riva, Renata Nacinovich, Elisa Brivio, Francesca Mapelli, Sara M Rossi, Francesca Neri, Monica Bomba
BACKGROUND: Aim of the study is to collect information about emotional features in a sample of immigrant preadolescents in order to identify traits of emotional fragility or psychopathological risk factors. METHODS: The sample consists of 1206 preadolescents (180 immigrants, 1026 Italian natives) attending the third year of the middle schools. In order to assess anxiety levels and the presence of depressive symptoms the Self- Administered Psychiatric Scale (SAFA-A) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) were administered...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Supakit Peanchitlertkajorn, Ana Mercado, John Daskalogiannakis, Ronald Hathaway, Kathleen Russell, Gunvor Semb, William Shaw, Manish Lamichane, Marilyn Cohen, Ross E Long
OBJECTIVE: To compare nasolabial appearance outcomes of patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP) in preadolescence from 4 cleft centers including a center using nasoalveolar molding (NAM) and primary nasal reconstruction. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Four cleft centers in North America. PATIENTS: 135 subjects with repaired CUCLP. METHODS: Frontal and profile facial pictures were assessed using the Asher-McDade rating scale...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Sarah E Saint, Lisa M Renzi-Hammond, Naiman A Khan, Charles H Hillman, Janet E Frick, Billy R Hammond
The macular carotenoids lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) are obtained via diet and accumulate in the central retina where they are referred to as macular pigment. The density of this biomarker (macular pigment optical density; MPOD) has been positively correlated with cognitive functioning via measures of global cognition, processing speed, and visual-spatial abilities, among others. Although improvements in cognitive function have been found in adults, much less is known about how L and Z intake may support or improve cognitive functioning during periods of rapid developmental change, such as childhood and pre-adolescence...
February 10, 2018: Nutrients
Saskia van der Lee, Lotte H Hendrikx, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Guy A M Berbers, Anne-Marie Buisman
Introduction: Pertussis is re-emerging worldwide, despite effective immunization programs for infants and children. Epidemiological studies show a more limited duration of protection against clinical pertussis in adolescents primed with acellular pertussis (aP) vaccines during infancy than those who have been primed with whole-cell pertussis (wP) vaccines. This study aimed to determine whether memory immune responses to aP, diphtheria, and tetanus vaccine antigens following booster vaccinations at 4 and 9 years of age differ between wP- versus aP-primed children...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Kathryn A Kerns, Kaela L Stuart-Parrigon, Karin G Coifman, Manfred H M van Dulmen, Amanda Koehn
Despite interest in human-animal interaction, few studies have tested whether the presence of a dog facilitates children's emotional responding. Preadolescents (n = 99) were randomly assigned to complete the Trier Social Stress Test either with or without their pet dog. Children rated their positive and negative affect, and high frequency heart rate variability (HF-HRV) was assessed throughout the session. Children reported higher positive affect when they completed the task with their pet dog, although there were no differences for negative affect or HF-HRV...
February 2018: Social Development
Michael T Morrow, Julie A Hubbard, Marissa K Sharp
Few studies have assessed children's daily peer experiences, and even fewer have considered their daily self-perceptions. This daily diary study examined relations between preadolescents' daily reports of peer victimization and perceived social competence, along with moderating effects of classroom aggression. A racially diverse sample of 182 children in 5th grade (105 boys; M age = 10.64 years; 35% White, 31% Black, 17% Hispanic, 17% other or not reported) completed daily measures of peer victimization and perceived social competence, with most children completing measures on 8 school days...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Katherine Jonas, Grazyna Kochanska
Although the association between deficits in effortful control and later externalizing behavior is well established, many researchers (Nigg Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47(3-4), 395-422, 2006; Steinberg Developmental Review, 28(1), 78-106, 2008) have hypothesized this association is actually the product of the imbalance of dual systems, or two underlying traits: approach and self-regulation. Very little research, however, has deployed a statistically robust strategy to examine that compelling model; further, no research has done so using behavioral measures, particularly in longitudinal studies...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Courtney A Zulauf, Alexander W Sokolovsky, Adam S Grabell, Sheryl L Olson
Children who aggress against their peers may use physical or relational forms, yet little research has looked at early childhood risk factors and characteristics that uniquely predict high levels of relational versus physical aggression in preadolescence. Accordingly, the main aim of our study was to link early corporal punishment and externalizing behavior to children's physical and relational peer aggression during preadolescence and to examine how these pathways differed by sex. Participants were 193, 3-year-old boys (39%) and girls who were reassessed following the transition to kindergarten (5...
January 25, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
Ya-Fen Wang, Hsiao-Ling Chuang, Chi-Wen Chang, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
PURPOSE: This study aimed to translate and evaluate the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the (DEBQ-C) among Taiwanese preadolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: The DEBQ-C was translated into Mandarin Chinese (CDEBQ-C) using established translation and back-translation methods and reviewed by an expert panel for cultural equivalence. A convenience sample of 349 preadolescents was randomly split to conduct exploratory factor analysis (EFA) on the first half and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on the second...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Ahmad Mobin, Cindy Xin Feng, Cory Neudorf
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence and predictors associated with cybervictimization among preadolescents in a community-based sample from Canada. METHODS: Data were drawn from a cohort of 5783 students of grades 5-8, aged 9-14 from 109 elementary schools at the Saskatoon Health Region, Saskatchewan of Canada based on the Student Health Survey in the year of 2010-2011. Multivariate logistic regression with the generalized estimating equation was used to determine the individual and contextual factors associated with self-reported cybervictimization...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Alok Shimee Ekka, Mohamed Mohideen, Sajith Kesavan
BACKGROUND: Neuromelioidosis is a rare conduction, which is difficult to diagnose and treat. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: Preadolescent girl presenting with prolonged fever, acute ascending paralysis and encephalopathy. OUTCOME: Neuromelioidiosis was confirmed on brain biopsy culture. Patient improved with an intensive antibiotic regimen. MESSAGE: Neuromelioidosis can mimic acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis clinically and radiologically...
December 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
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