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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162367/arterial-reconstructions-for-chronic-lower-extremity-ischemia-in-preadolescent-and-adolescent-children
#1
Jonathan L Eliason, Dawn M Coleman, Adam Gumushian, James C Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Chronic lower extremity ischemia in pediatric patients is uncommon. The intent of this study was to better define the arterial reconstructive options and their long-term durability in preadolescent and adolescent children having clinically relevant arterial occlusions affecting the lower extremity. METHODS: The medical records of 33 consecutive pediatric patients who underwent lower extremity revascularization for chronic ischemia at the University of Michigan from 1974 to 2016 were reviewed...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162181/effects-of-early-institutionalization-on-emotion-processing-in-12-year-old-youth
#2
Johanna Bick, Rhiannon Luyster, Nathan A Fox, Charles H Zeanah, Charles A Nelson
We examined facial emotion recognition in 12-year-olds in a longitudinally followed sample of children with and without exposure to early life psychosocial deprivation (institutional care). Half of the institutionally reared children were randomized into foster care homes during the first years of life. Facial emotion recognition was examined in a behavioral task using morphed images. This same task had been administered when children were 8 years old. Neutral facial expressions were morphed with happy, sad, angry, and fearful emotional facial expressions, and children were asked to identify the emotion of each face, which varied in intensity...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161988/improved-cognitive-performance-in-preadolescent-danish-children-after-the-school-based-physical-activity-programme-fifa-11-for-health-for-europe-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Rune Rasmussen Lind, Svend Sparre Geertsen, Christina Ørntoft, Mads Madsen, Malte Nejst Larsen, Jiri Dvorak, Christian Ritz, Peter Krustrup
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown promising effects of physical activity on cognitive function, but there is a need to investigate this link in real-life settings such as schools. Hence, the objective of the present pilot study was to investigate whether the school-based physical activity programme "FIFA 11 for Health" for Europe could improve cognitive performance in preadolescent Danish children. METHODS: The pilot study used an 11-week cluster-randomised intervention study design...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147585/acute-exercise-and-neurocognitive-development-in-preadolescents-and-young-adults-an-erp-study
#4
Chien-Heng Chu, Arthur F Kramer, Tai-Fen Song, Chih-Han Wu, Tsung-Min Hung, Yu-Kai Chang
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a single bout of exercise on neurocognitive function in preadolescent children and young adults by determining the modulatory role of age and the neuroelectrical mechanism(s) underlying the association between acute exercise and executive function. Twenty preadolescents and 20 young adults completed the Stroop test, and neuroelectrical activity was recorded during two treatment sessions performed in a counterbalanced order. Exercise treatments involved moderate intensity aerobic exercise for 20 min as the main exercise and two 5 min periods of warm-up and cool-down...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145945/patterns-of-peer-and-teacher-rated-aggression-victimization-and-prosocial-behavior-in-an-urban-predominantly-african-american-preadolescent-sample-associations-with-peer-perceived-characteristics
#5
Amie F Bettencourt, Rashelle Musci, Katherine H Clemans, Jennifer Carinci, Nicholas S Ialongo
This study investigated peer-perceived social/reputational correlates of patterns of aggression, victimization, and prosocial behavior. Participants were a predominantly African-American (i.e., 87%) sample of 320 fourth and fifth graders (45% male, Mean age=10.4years) attending six urban public elementary schools. Using latent profile analysis, profiles of peer-perceived and teacher-perceived aggressive, victimized, and prosocial youth were identified. These latent profiles were then compared on a range of peer-perceived social/reputational characteristics...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128584/the-influence-of-maternal-modeling-on-body-image-concerns-and-eating-disturbances-in-preadolescent-girls
#6
Charlotte M Handford, Ronald M Rapee, Jasmine Fardouly
Research suggests that mothers may influence the development of body image concerns and eating disturbances in their daughters by modeling negative body image beliefs and unhealthy eating behaviors. However, the causal nature of that mode of influence is yet to be established. This study implemented an experimental design to examine the impact of mothers' modeling of negative comments about their own appearance and diet on their daughters' body image concerns and eating behaviors. Participants were 8-12 year old girls and their mothers (N = 50)...
November 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127717/salivary-uric-acid-and-c-reactive-protein-associations-with-hypertensionin-midwestern-latino-preadolescents-and-their-parents
#7
Blake L Jones, Salma Elwazeer, Zoe E Taylor
Latino families face increased risk for hypertension. Serum-based uric acid and C-reactive protein have been linked to hypertension. However, a paucity of salivary biomarker data exists in this area for Latino families. Using salivary biomarkers enables less invasive options for biomedical and biosocial research, which is especially important among vulnerable populations facing increased health disparities. This study examined the associations between salivary uric (sUA) acid, salivary C-reactive protein (sCRP), and hypertension among 151 participants (57 children, 57 mothers, 37 fathers) from 57 Midwestern Latino families...
November 11, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122069/potential-risk-for-localized-aggressive-periodontitis-in-african-american-preadolescent-children
#8
Noel K Childers, Hernan Grenett, Casey Morrow, Ranjit Kumar, Peter A Jezewski
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the potential risk for localized aggressive periodontitis (LAgP) in African American children by detection of the potential periodontal pathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa) using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and microbiome analysis. METHODS: Twenty-one pre-adolescents (age range equals 10.7 to 13.1 years old) were recruited, for this IRB-approved study. Oral examination included limited periodontal examination determining bleeding index (BOP) and periodontal probing (PD)...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111863/multicomponent-exercise-intervention-and-metacognition-in-obese-preadolescents-a-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Feng-Tzu Chen, Su-Ru Chen, I-Hua Chu, Jen-Hao Liu, Yu-Kai Chang
This study examines the effect of a 12-week multicomponent exercise intervention on metacognition among preadolescents with obesity. Seventy-five preadolescents were randomly assigned to either a multicomponent exercise group or a reading control group. An exercise intervention consisting of a jumping rope was utilized to develop multifaceted fitness features, with each session lasting for 75 min and three sessions being conducted per week for 12 weeks. Results revealed significant interactions between group and time point for cardiovascular fitness, muscular endurance, flexibility, and power, as well as for Tower of London task measures, including total move score, total executive time, and total planning-solving time, with better postintervention performances achieved by the exercise group...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099231/effects-of-high-intensity-intermittent-training-on-vascular-function-in-obese-preadolescent-boys
#10
Napasakorn Chuensiri, Daroonwan Suksom, Hirofumi Tanaka
BACKGROUND: High-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) may serve as an effective alternative to traditional endurance training, since HIIT has been shown to induce greater improvements in aerobic fitness and health-related markers in adult populations. Our objective was to determine whether HIIT and supramaximal high-intensity intermittent training (supra-HIIT) would improve vascular structure and function in obese preadolescent boys. METHODS: Before the baseline testing, 48 obese preadolescent boys, aged 8-12 years, were randomly assigned into control (CON; n = 16), HIIT (8 × 2 minutes at 90% peak power output, n = 16), and supra-HIIT (8 × 20 seconds at 170% peak power output, n = 16) groups...
November 3, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081333/interpersonal-problem-solving-skills-executive-function-and-learning-potential-in-preadolescents-with-high-low-family-risk
#11
Sara Mata, M Mar Gómez-Pérez, Clara Molinero, M Dolores Calero
Situations generated by high family risk have a negative effect on personal development, especially during preadolescence. Growing up in the presence of risk factors can lead to negative consequences on mental health or on school performance. The objective of this study focuses on individual factors related to this phenomenon during preadolescence. Specifically, we seek to establish whether level of family risk (high vs. low risk) is related to interpersonal problem-solving skills, executive function and learning potential in a sample of preadolescents controlling age, sex, total IQ, verbal comprehension ability and the classroom influences...
October 30, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077508/beta-testing-an-oral-health-edutainment-card-game-among-12-13-year-old-children-in-bangalore-india
#12
Arkalgud Govindraju Harikiran, Deepti Vadavi, Tulika Shruti
BACKGROUND: Card games are easy, cost effective, culturally acceptable, as well as sustainable and require minimal infrastructure over other edutainment approaches in achieving health and oral health promotion goals. Therefore, we wanted to conceptualize, develop, and beta test an innovative oral health edutainment card game for preadolescent children in Bangalore, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An innovative oral health card game, titled "32 warriors" was conceptualized and developed to incorporate age appropriate, medically accurate oral health information...
October 27, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077365/prevalence-of-anterior-cross-bite-in-preadolescent-orthodontic-patients-attending-an-orthodontic-clinic
#13
S N Vithanaarachchi, L S Nawarathna
Introduction: Anterior cross bite is a common malocclusion and early treatment is indicated. Determining its prevalence is important to plan orthodontic services. Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated features of anterior cross bite in pre-adolescent patients attending an orthodontic clinic. Methods: A hospital based cross sectional study was conducted. Seven hundred and twenty one consecutive patients were examined for anterior cross bite...
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075310/relationship-between-the-experience-of-being-a-bully-victim-and-mental-health-in-preadolescence-and-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Sachiko Kozasa, Arata Oiji, Akio Kiyota, Tetsuji Sawa, Soo-Yung Kim
BACKGROUND: Several studies have proven that the experiences of being bullied or bullying others are associated with poor mental health among adolescent youths. Our study aims to investigate the relationship between the experience of the bully/victim and mental health among preadolescents and adolescents. METHODS: Subjects were the Japanese fifth and sixth grade elementary school students (preadolescents: mean age = 11.3 years; n = 338) and junior high school students (adolescents: mean age = 13...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054748/effects-of-physical-activity-on-executive-functions-attention-and-academic-performance-in-preadolescent-children-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Johannes W de Greeff, Roel J Bosker, Jaap Oosterlaan, Chris Visscher, E Hartman
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this meta-analysis was to provide a systematic review of intervention studies that investigated the effects of physical activity on multiple domains of executive functions, attention and academic performance in preadolescent children (6-12 years of age). In addition, a systematic quantification of the effects of physical activity on these domains is provided. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Searches of electronic databases and examining relevant reviews between 2000 and April 2017 resulted in 31 intervention studies meeting the inclusion criteria...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050636/targeting-self-regulation-to-promote-health-behaviors-in-children
#16
Alison L Miller, Ashley N Gearhardt, Emily M Fredericks, Benjamin Katz, Lilly Fink Shapiro, Kelsie Holden, Niko Kaciroti, Richard Gonzalez, Christine Hunter, Julie C Lumeng
Poor self-regulation (i.e., inability to harness cognitive, emotional, motivational resources to achieve goals) is hypothesized to contribute to unhealthy behaviors across the lifespan. Enhancing early self-regulation may increase positive health outcomes. Obesity is a major public health concern with early-emerging precursors related to self-regulation; it is therefore a good model for understanding self-regulation and health behavior. Preadolescence is a transition when children increase autonomy in health behaviors (e...
September 28, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037653/adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-the-tethered-spine-iii-is-fascial-spiral-the-key
#17
Lucy Whyte Ferguson
This article reports on an observational and treatment case series involving 22 adolescents and preadolescents treated over a 15 year period who had or appeared to be developing idiopathic scoliosis (IS). Common patterns of muscle and fascial asymmetry were observed and treated. Most of these individuals had spinal area pain and the trigger points (TrPs) apparently responsible for this pain were located in muscles at some distance from the spine, yet referred pain to locations throughout the thoracolumbar spine...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026827/evaluation-of-secondary-and-late-secondary-alveolar-bone-grafting-on-66-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients
#18
Ravi Mahajan, Harish Ghildiyal, Ankit Khasgiwala, Gogulnathan Muthukrishnan, Sukhdeep Kahlon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of secondary alveolar bone grafting and late secondary alveolar bone grafting in 66 unilateral cleft lip and palate patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The total patients were 66 unilateral cleft lip and palate patients, out of which 19 patients underwent secondary alveolar bone grafting and 47 patients underwent late secondary alveolar bone grafting. Autogenous anterior iliac crest cancellous bone graft was harvested and used for grafting the alveolar clefts...
August 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024079/the-preadolescent-acne-microbiome-a-prospective-randomized-pilot-study-investigating-characterization-and-effects-of-acne-therapy
#19
Carrie C Coughlin, Shane M Swink, Joseph Horwinski, Georgia Sfyroera, Julia Bugayev, Elizabeth A Grice, Albert C Yan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Acne, a common pediatric disease, tends to be more comedonal in preadolescents, whereas older individuals are more likely to have inflammatory lesions in addition to comedones. Thus the microbiome of preadolescents may be different. In this pilot study we aimed to characterize the preadolescent acne microbiome, compare the microbiome in preadolescents with and without acne, and investigate changes in the microbiome after topical treatment with benzoyl peroxide or a retinoid in a small cohort of preadolescents...
October 11, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021277/cardiometabolic-risk-variables-in-preadolescent-children-a-factor-analysis
#20
Lee Stoner, Mark Weatherall, Paula Skidmore, Nicholas Castro, Sally Lark, James Faulkner, Michelle A Williams
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis begins during preadolescence and is occurring at an accelerated rate. This acceleration has been linked to poor lifestyle behaviors and subsequent cardiometabolic complications. Although the clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors has been recognized for over 2 decades, previous studies in children have predominantly examined the relationships between atherosclerosis and individual cardiometabolic risk factors or have grouped together preadolescent and adolescent children...
October 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
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