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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343759/incidence-of-postsuppression-virologic-rebound-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-asian-adolescents-on-stable-combination-antiretroviral-therapy
#1
Tavitiya Sudjaritruk, Linda Aurpibul, Penh Sun Ly, Thoa Phan Kim Le, Torsak Bunupuradah, Rawiwan Hansudewechakul, Pagakrong Lumbiganon, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit, Nik Khairulddin Nik Yusoff, Lam Van Nguyen, Kamarul Azahar Mohd Razali, Moy Siew Fong, Revathy A Nallusamy, Nia Kurniati, Viet Chau Do, David C Boettiger, Annette H Sohn, Azar Kariminia
PURPOSE: To assess the incidence and predictors of postsuppression virologic rebound (VR) among adolescents on stable combination antiretroviral therapy in Asia. METHODS: Perinatally HIV-infected Asian adolescents (10-19 years) with documented virologic suppression (two consecutive viral loads [VLs] <400 copies/mL ≥6 months apart) were included. Baseline was the date of the first VL <400 copies/mL at age ≥10 years or the 10th birthday for those with prior suppression...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335688/predictors-of-resourcefulness-in-preadolescent-children
#2
Ya-Fen Wang, Jaclene A Zauszniewski
Resourcefulness is a set of cognitive-behavioral self-control skills for coping with stress to maintain quality of life. However, research examining precursors in the development of resourcefulness in preadolescents is scant. A cross-sectional approach was used to investigate hypothesized predicting effects of intrinsic contextual factors (children's age, gender, and school performance), extrinsic contextual factors (parents' age, gender, education, income, and resourcefulness), and process regulators (academic stress and dispositional optimism) in a convenience sample of 361 preadolescent-parent dyads...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329460/model-based-comparison-of-the-normal-and-fontan-circulatory-systems-part-iii
#3
Raymond L Watrous, Alvin J Chin
BACKGROUND: For patients with the Fontan circulatory arrangement, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition, guanylate cyclase activation, phosphodiesterase 5 inhibition, and endothelin receptor antagonism have so far resulted in little or no improvement in [Formula: see text] or peak cardiac index (CI), suggesting that our understanding of the factors that most impact the exercise hemodynamics is incomplete. METHODS: To facilitate comparisons with clinical reports of the exercise performance of preadolescent Fontan patients, we rescaled our previously reported computational models of a two-year-old normal child and similarly aged Fontan patient, extended our Fontan model to capture the nonlinear relationship between flow and resistance quantified from previous computational fluid dynamic analyses of the total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC), and added respiration as well as skeletal muscle contraction...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299818/rapid-weight-gain-during-infancy-and-early-childhood-is-related-to-higher-anthropometric-measurements-in-preadolescence
#4
H Nanri, T Shirasawa, H Ochiai, S Nomoto, H Hoshino, A Kokaze
BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationship between rapid weight gain during infancy and/or early childhood and anthropometric measurements [body mass index (BMI), percent body fat (%BF), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)] in preadolescence by sex. METHODS: Subjects were fourth-grade school children (aged 9 to 10 years) from elementary schools in Ina-town, Japan, in 2010. Measurements of height, weight, %BF and WC were conducted for each subject...
March 16, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264785/temperament-factors-and-dimensional-latent-bifactor-models-of-child-psychopathology-transdiagnostic-and-specific-associations-in-two-youth-samples
#5
Benjamin L Hankin, Elysia Poggi Davis, Hannah Snyder, Jami F Young, Laura M Glynn, Curt A Sandman
Common emotional and behavioral symptoms co-occur and are associated with core temperament factors. This study investigated links between temperament and dimensional, latent psychopathology factors, including a general common psychopathology factor (p factor) and specific latent internalizing and externalizing liabilities, as captured by a bifactor model, in two independent samples of youth. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that temperament factors of negative affectivity (NA), positive affectivity (PA), and effortful control (EC) could serve as both transdiagnostic and specific risks in relation to recent bifactor models of child psychopathology...
March 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253396/association-of-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-birth-weight-with-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-in-children-aged-11-or-12-years-the-copenhagen-child-cohort-2000-eye-study
#6
Håkan Ashina, Xiao Qiang Li, Else Marie Olsen, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Michael Larsen, Inger Christine Munch
Importance: Both maternal smoking during pregnancy and low birth weight have been implicated in impaired development of the retina. Objective: To investigate the associations of maternal smoking during pregnancy and low birth weight with retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in preadolescent children. Design, Setting, Participants: The Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000 Eye Study is a prospective, population-based, birth cohort study that included all children (n = 6090) born in 2000 in Copenhagen, Denmark...
March 2, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252195/is-positive-thinking-in-anticipation-of-a-performance-situation-better-than-distraction-an-experimental-study-in-preadolescents
#7
Stephanos P Vassilopoulos, Andreas Brouzos, Haralambos Tsorbatzoudis, Olga Tziouma
The current study compares the effects of experimentally induced positive anticipatory thinking and distraction in preadolescents aged 12-13. Eighty-seven participants were instructed to either engage in positive anticipatory thoughts or perform a distraction task while preparing to perform a sporting activity in front of their peers. Results revealed that trait social anxiety was associated with more negative estimates of sport performance and catastrophic thoughts relating to the impending sport activity...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246900/multimodality-imaging-findings-of-massive-ovarian-edema-in-children
#8
Hisham Dahmoush, Sudha A Anupindi, Bruce R Pawel, Nancy A Chauvin
BACKGROUND: Massive ovarian edema is a rare benign condition that predominantly affects childbearing women as well as preadolescent girls. It is thought to result from intermittent or partial torsion of the ovary compromising the venous and lymphatic drainage but with preserved arterial supply. The clinical features of massive ovarian edema are nonspecific and can simulate tumors, leading to unnecessary oophorectomy. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate imaging features that should alert radiologists to consider the diagnosis of massive ovarian edema preoperatively so that fertility-sparing surgery may be considered...
February 28, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231024/incorporating-behavioral-techniques-into-a-serious-videogame-for-children
#9
Debbe Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about how to design serious videogames for children. The purpose of this article is to describe how behavior change techniques promoting self-regulation were incorporated into a serious videogame to help children consume more fruits and vegetables (FVs) and the extent to which these techniques were used by players. A secondary goal is to contribute to the body of scientific knowledge regarding how to design effective serious videogames for children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research examines the game play data from an effective 10-episode online serious videogame promoting FV consumption to preadolescent children in the United States (roughly 9-11-year-olds)...
February 23, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230388/familial-ethnic-socialization-gender-role-attitudes-and-ethnic-identity-development-in-mexican-origin-early-adolescents
#10
Delida Sanchez, Tiffany A Whittaker, Emma Hamilton, Sarah Arango
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relations between familial ethnic socialization and ethnic identity development in 438 Mexican-origin (n = 242 boys and n = 196 girls) preadolescents. In addition, machismo and marianismo gender role attitudes were examined as potential mediators in this link. METHOD: Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) of the Familial Ethnic Socialization Scale (FES), Machismo Measure (MM), Marianismo Beliefs Scale (MBS), and the Ethnic Identity Brief Scale (EISB) were conducted to test the factor structure with a preadolescent Mexican-origin sample...
February 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220553/african-american-fathers-perspectives-on-facilitators-and-barriers-to-father-son-sexual-health-communication
#11
Schenita D Randolph, Tanya Coakley, Jeffrey Shears, Roland J Thorpe
African-American males ages 13 through 24 are disproportionately affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), accounting for over half of all HIV infections in this age group in the United States. Clear communication between African-American parents and their youth about sexual health is associated with higher rates of sexual abstinence, condom use, and intent to delay initiation of sexual intercourse. However, little is known about African-American fathers' perceptions of what facilitates and inhibits sexual health communication with their preadolescent and adolescent sons...
February 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208066/children-s-evaluations-of-interethnic-exclusion-the-effects-of-ethnic-boundaries-respondent-ethnicity-and-majority-in-group-bias
#12
Jochem Thijs
Two vignette studies were conducted in which preadolescent children (Study 1: N=542; Study 2: N=137; aged 8-13years) evaluated the exclusion, for unknown reasons, of an immigrant minority child by a native majority peer (majority interethnic exclusion). Study 1 compared children's evaluations of majority interethnic exclusion with their evaluations of (majority and minority) intraethnic exclusion and minority interethnic exclusion, and Study 2 examined children's underlying explanations. Each study compared ethnic majority and ethnic minority respondents and examined the role of in-group bias for the former...
June 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185706/training-induced-right-ventricular-remodelling-in-pre-adolescent-endurance-athletes-the-athlete-s-heart-in-children
#13
Flavio D'Ascenzi, Antonio Pelliccia, Francesca Valentini, Angela Malandrino, Benedetta Maria Natali, Riccardo Barbati, Marta Focardi, Marco Bonifazi, Sergio Mondillo
AIMS: Little is known about the adaptation of the right ventricle (RV) to endurance exercise in children. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of 5months of intensive training on RV morphology and function in preadolescent endurance athletes. METHODS: Ninety-four children were evaluated in this study. Fifty-seven male competitive swimmers (aged 10.8±0.2years) were evaluated before (baseline) and after 5months of the training (peak-training), and compared to 37 age- and sex-matched non-athlete children evaluated at baseline and after 5months of natural growth...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160688/the-association-between-aerobic-fitness-and-congruency-sequence-effects-in-preadolescent-children
#14
Daniel R Westfall, Shih-Chun Kao, Mark R Scudder, Matthew B Pontifex, Charles H Hillman
Aerobic fitness has previously been related to cognitive control in preadolescents; however, these investigations have generally relied on global measures of performance. Thus, we have little understanding of how aerobic fitness may relate to trial-by-trial modulations in cognitive control. This study utilized congruency sequence effects (CSEs), which characterize how behavior on the current trial is influenced by the previous trial, to investigate the relation of aerobic fitness on varying levels of cognitive control...
April 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151019/cbt-enhanced-emotion-regulation-as-a-mechanism-of-improvement-for-childhood-irritability
#15
Olivia J Derella, Oliver G Johnston, Rolf Loeber, Jeffrey D Burke
Research supports the clinical importance of childhood irritability, as well as its developmental implications for later anxiety and depression. Appropriate treatment may prevent this progression; however, little evidence exists to guide clinician decision making regarding treatment for chronic irritability symptoms. Given the empirical support for irritability as a dimension of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), behavioral interventions that improve ODD symptoms, especially through emotion regulation training, are strong candidates for identifying effective treatment strategies for irritability...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150391/around-the-world-adolescence-is-a-time-of-heightened-sensation-seeking-and-immature-self-regulation
#16
Laurence Steinberg, Grace Icenogle, Elizabeth P Shulman, Kaitlyn Breiner, Jason Chein, Dario Bacchini, Lei Chang, Nandita Chaudhary, Laura Di Giunta, Kenneth A Dodge, Kostas A Fanti, Jennifer E Lansford, Patrick S Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Sombat Tapanya, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Liane Peña Alampay, Suha M Al-Hassan, Hanan M S Takash
The dual systems model of adolescent risk-taking portrays the period as one characterized by a combination of heightened sensation seeking and still-maturing self-regulation, but most tests of this model have been conducted in the United States or Western Europe. In the present study, these propositions are tested in an international sample of more than 5000 individuals between ages 10 and 30 years from 11 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas, using a multi-method test battery that includes both self-report and performance-based measures of both constructs...
February 1, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137406/idiopathic-musculoskeletal-pain-in-indian-children-prevalence-and-impact-on-daily-routine
#17
Ganesh Kumar, Amieleena Chhabra, Vivek Dewan, Tribhuvan Pal Yadav
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of idiopathic musculoskeletal pain (IMSP) in school going children and its impact on daily life. METHODS: One thousand eighteen apparently healthy school children aged 5-16 years were assessed and analysed for IMSP and its associated problems. Standard tests for significance were applied. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-five (16.2%) children mostly males (55.2%) reported IMSP. Lower limbs (52.1%) were the most common location of pain...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126067/criterion-validity-and-clinical-usefulness-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-rating-scale-iv-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-as-a-function-of-method-and-age
#18
José A López-Villalobos, Jesús Andrés-De Llano, María V López-Sánchez, Luis Rodríguez-Molinero, Mercedes Garrido-Redondo, Ana M Sacristán-Martín, María T Martínez-Rivera, Susana Alberola-López
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research is to analyze Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scales IV (ADHD RS-IV) criteria validity and its clinical usefulness for the assessment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as a function of assessment method and age. METHODOLOGY: A sample was obtained from an epidemiological study (n = 1095, 6-16 years). Clinical cases of ADHD  (ADHD-CL) were selected by dimensional ADHD RS-IV and later by clinical interview (DSM-IV)...
February 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124161/child-regulative-temperament-as-a-mediator-of-parenting-in-the-development-of-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-from-early-childhood-to-preadolescence
#19
Martina Pitzer, Guenter Esser, Martin H Schmidt, Erika Hohm, Tobias Banaschewski, Manfred Laucht
Child temperament as well as parenting behaviors have been linked to adolescent depression. Beyond their main effects, the interplay between these factors is of interest. For example, in an interactive model, a differential susceptibility of temperamental variants to parenting has been suggested. However, so far, the differential susceptibility hypothesis has mostly been studied with a focus on externalizing disorders. On the other hand, parenting may shape the child's temperament and vice versa in a transactional process...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106515/solitary-fibrous-tumors-of-the-spine-a-pediatric-case-report-with-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Gregory W Albert, Murat Gokden
Solitary fibrous tumors of the spine are rare lesions. Their description in the literature is limited to case reports and small case series. While generally benign lesions, they can recur and occasionally occur as malignancies. Here the authors present the case of a 10-year-old boy, the youngest patient and first preadolescent reported thus far, with this condition. In addition, they perform a comprehensive review of all previously published cases of spinal solitary fibrous tumors.
March 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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