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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317565/neuromelioidosis-masquerading-as-acute-demyelinating-encephalomyelitis
#1
Alok Shimee Ekka, Mohamed Mohideen, Sajith Kesavan
BACKGROUND: Neuromelioidosis is a rare conduction, which is difficult to diagnose and treat. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: Preadolescent girl presenting with prolonged fever, acute ascending paralysis and encephalopathy. OUTCOME: Neuromelioidiosis was confirmed on brain biopsy culture. Patient improved with an intensive antibiotic regimen. MESSAGE: Neuromelioidosis can mimic acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis clinically and radiologically...
December 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317557/prevalence-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-normal-weight-and-overweight-preadolescent-children-in-haryana-india
#2
Manoja Kumar Das, Vidyut Bhatia, Anupam Sibal, Abha Gupta, Sarath Gopalan, Raman Sardana, Reeti Sahni, Ankur Roy, Narendra K Arora
OBJECTIVE: To document the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic parameters among normal-weight and overweight schoolchildren. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Thirteen private schools in urban Faridabad, Haryana. PARTICIPANTS: 961 school children aged 5-10 years. METHODS: Ultrasound testing was done, and 215 with fatty liver on ultrasound underwent further clinical, biochemical and virological testing...
December 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298086/sleep-and-adiposity-in-preadolescent-children-the-importance-of-social-jetlag
#3
Lee Stoner, Nicholas Castro, Leigh Signal, Paula Skidmore, James Faulkner, Sally Lark, Michelle A Williams, Diane Muller, Harriet Harrex
BACKGROUND: While short and poor quality sleep have been associated with childhood obesity, no known studies have examined social jetlag. Social jetlag is the discrepancy between an individual's circadian clock and social rhythms, and is measured as the difference in hours between the midpoint of sleep during work/school days and on free (weekend) days. This study investigated the independent associations between sleep duration, sleep disturbances, and social jetlag with adiposity in children...
January 3, 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287061/the-effects-of-interrupting-prolonged-sitting-with-intermittent-activity-on-appetite-sensations-and-subsequent-food-intake-in-preadolescent-children
#4
Tiwaloluwa A Ajibewa, Molly P O'Sullivan, Matthew R Nagy, Shannon S Block, Leah E Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi, Rebecca E Hasson
BACKGROUND: Short-term and long-term exposure to prolonged sitting is associated with excess food intake and weight gain in children. Interrupting prolonged sitting with low-intensity activity has been shown to not alter hunger, satiety, or food consumption in children, however it is unclear whether interrupting sitting with high-intensity activity will alter appetite regulation in children. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of interrupting prolonged sitting with intermittent activity performed at varying intensities on hunger, satiety, prospective food consumption (PFC), and food intake in preadolescent children...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282881/the-negative-influence-of-adiposity-extends-to-intraindividual-variability-in-cognitive-control-among-preadolescent-children
#5
Morgan R Chojnacki, Lauren B Raine, Eric S Drollette, Mark R Scudder, Arthur F Kramer, Charles H Hillman, Naiman A Khan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between adiposity and cognition by using mean accuracy, mean reaction time, and intraindividual variability (IIV) among preadolescents. METHODS: Children 7 to 9 years old (N = 233, 133 females) underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and a maximal oxygen consumption test to assess whole-body adiposity and aerobic fitness relative to fat-free mass (VO2 FF), respectively. Attentional inhibition was assessed by using a modified flanker task...
December 27, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282696/cardiac-biomarkers-release-in-preadolescent-athletes-after-an-high-intensity-exercise
#6
A Peretti, L Mauri, A Masarin, G Annoni, A Corato, A Maloberti, Cristina Giannattasio, G Vignati
INTRODUCTION: An elevation of cardiac troponins has been described in healthy athletes after endurance exercises. The clinical significance of this increase is unclear and the lack of awareness of this phenomenon may lead to inappropriate management of these subjects. AIM: We sought to determine wether an intensive cycling training could determine a biomarkers elevation. METHODS: We evaluated serum high sensitivity cardiac troponin T, NH(2)-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, CK-MB and CK in 21 healthy male preadolescent athletes (age 9...
December 27, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281799/age-influences-biomechanical-changes-after-participation-in-an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-prevention-program
#7
Julie A Thompson-Kolesar, Corey T Gatewood, Andrew A Tran, Amy Silder, Rebecca Shultz, Scott L Delp, Jason L Dragoo
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries increases during maturation and peaks during late adolescence. Previous studies suggested an age-related association between participation in injury prevention programs and reduction of ACL injury. However, few studies have investigated differences in biomechanical changes after injury prevention programs between preadolescent and adolescent athletes. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to investigate the influence of age on the effects of the FIFA Medical and Research Centre (F-MARC) 11+ injury prevention warm-up program on differences in biomechanical risk factors for ACL injury between preadolescent and adolescent female soccer players...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280758/changes-in-insulin-sensitivity-over-time-and-associated-factors-in-hiv-infected-adolescents
#8
Mitchell E Geffner, Kunjal Patel, Denise L Jacobson, Julia Wu, Tracie L Miller, Rohan Hazra, Mariana Gerschenson, Tanvi Sharma, Margarita Silio, Jennifer Jao, Jody K Takemoto, Russell B Van Dyke, Linda A Dimeglio
OBJECTIVE: To compare prevalence of IR between perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) and perinatally HIV-exposed, but uninfected adolescents (PHEU), determine incidence of and contributory factors to new and resolved cases of IR in PHIV+, and evaluate glucose metabolism. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design for comparison of prevalence among PHIV+ and PHEU. Longitudinal design for incidence and resolution of IR among PHIV+ at risk for these outcomes. METHODS: The source population was adolescents from pediatric HIV clinics in the US and Puerto Rico participating in PHACS AMP, an ongoing prospective cohort study designed to evaluate impact of HIV infection and its treatment on multiple domains in preadolescents and adolescents...
December 26, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280662/-influence-of-the-dance-discipline-on-body-image-distortion-and-dissatisfaction-in-preadolescents-adolescents-and-young-women-dancers
#9
Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal, Miguel Kazarez, Francisco Esparza-Ros
BACKGROUND: Dance discipline could modulate the presence of alterations in body image, which is a factor relationship with eating disorders. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the body image distortion and dissatisfaction in student dancers based on dance discipline. METHODS: Two hundred and ninety-eight preadolescents, adolescents and young classical, contemporary and Spanish dancers took part in the study. Participants self-fulfilled the "silhouette scale for adolescents" in order to determine the perceived and ideal image...
November 16, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274767/development-of-corticospinal-motor-excitability-and-cortical-silent-period-from-mid-childhood-to-adulthood-a-navigated-tms-study
#10
Laura Säisänen, Petro Julkunen, Timo Lakka, Virpi Lindi, Mervi Könönen, Sara Määttä
OBJECTIVES: We characterized the maturation of the excitability of the motor cortex and corticospinal tract from childhood to adulthood using electric field (EF) navigated TMS and correlated the results with manual dexterity. METHODS: Both hemispheres of healthy right-handed children (6-9 years, n=10), preadolescents (10-12 years, n=13), adolescents (14-17 years, n=12) and young adults (22-34 years, n=12) of both genders were examined. The optimal cortical representation site and resting motor threshold (rMT) were determined for the abductor pollicis brevis muscle...
December 20, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273942/repeated-early-life-exposure-to-inter-parental-conflict-increases-risk-of-preadolescent-mental-health-problems
#11
Elizabeth M Westrupp, Stephanie Brown, Hannah Woolhouse, Deirdre Gartland, Jan M Nicholson
This study investigated the association between inter-parental conflict at a single occasion, or repeated over early childhood, and children's internalizing and externalizing problems at 10-11 years; and examined potential mechanisms via social risk, maternal mental health, and parenting. Data were five time points from the Baby cohort of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (N = 3696, recruited in 2004). Verbal or physical inter-parental conflict was measured at 0-1, 2-3, 4-5, and 6-7 years. Internalizing and externalizing problems (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) were measured via mother-, father-, teacher-, and child-report at 10-11 years...
December 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273822/management-of-idiopathic-spinal-epidural-lipomatosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Steven T Papastefan, Abhiraj D Bhimani, Steven Denyer, Sajeel R Khan, Darian R Esfahani, Demetrios C Nikas, Ankit I Mehta
BACKGROUND: Spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL) is a rare pathologic growth of histologically normal unencapsulated adipose tissue in the epidural space. Although rare, SEL can compress the spinal cord or nerve roots causing myelopathy or radiculopathy. While SEL has been associated with long-term exposure to endogenous or exogenous steroids and obesity, idiopathic forms of SEL are much rarer. CASE REPORT: In this report, we present the first case of SEL isolated to the cervical region compressing the spinal cord in a healthy, non-obese, preadolescent patient...
December 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248565/person-centered-examination-of-salivary-cortisol-and-alpha-amylase-responses-to-psychosocial-stress-links-to-preadolescent-behavioral-functioning-and-coping
#13
Jason José Bendezú, Martha E Wadsworth
This study adopted a person-centered approach to identify preadolescent salivary cortisol (sC) and alpha-amylase (sAA) co-activation response patterns and examine links to behavioral functioning and coping. Children (N = 151, 51.7% male) were exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and one of two randomly-assigned, post-TSST coping conditions: distraction or avoidance. Multi-trajectory modeling yielded four child subgroups. Child internalizing and externalizing positively predicted High sC-High sAA relative to Low sC-Low sAA and Low sC-High sAA relative to High sC-Low sAA subgroup membership, respectively...
December 14, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229016/sequences-of-maladaptation-preadolescent-self-regulation-adolescent-negative-social-interactions-and-young-adult-psychopathology
#14
Odilia M Laceulle, René Veenstra, Wilma A M Vollebergh, Johan Ormel
This study aims to test whether adolescent negative social interactions mediate the relation between early adolescent self-regulatory capacities and young adult psychopathology, using a fully prospective mediation model. Data were derived from the Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey, a large population cohort of Dutch adolescents (n = 962). At age 11, three indicators of self-regulation were assessed: low frustration, high effortful control, and high response inhibition. Negative social interactions between ages 11 and 22 were captured twice using the Event History Calendar...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224183/effects-of-acute-alcohol-exposure-on-layer-5-pyramidal-neurons-of-juvenile-mice
#15
Francesco Ferrini, Benjamin Dering, Andrea De Giorgio, Laura Lossi, Alberto Granato
Early-onset drinking during childhood or preadolescence is a serious social problem. Yet, most of the basic neurobiological research on the acute effects of ethanol has been carried out on adult or early postnatal animals. We studied the effect of alcohol exposure on the basic electrophysiological properties and cell viability of layer 5 pyramidal neurons from the somatosensory cortex of juvenile (P21-P23) C57BL/6N mice. After bath application of 50 mM ethanol to acute slices of the somatosensory cortex, no adverse effects were detected on cells survival, whereas the input resistance and firing rate of layer 5 neurons were significantly reduced...
December 9, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200913/developmental-changes-in-gabaa-tonic-inhibition-are-compromised-by-multiple-mechanisms-in-preadolescent-dentate-gyrus-granule-cells
#16
Sudip Pandit, Gyu Seung Lee, Jin Bong Park
The sustained tonic currents (Itonic) generated by γ-aminobutyric acid A receptors (GABAARs) are implicated in diverse age-dependent brain functions. While various mechanisms regulating Itonic in the hippocampus are known, their combined role in Itonic regulation is not well understood in different age groups. In this study, we demonstrated that a developmental increase in GABA transporter (GAT) expression, combined with gradual decrease in GABAAR α5 subunit, resulted in various Itonic in the dentate gyrus granule cells (DGGCs) of preadolescent rats...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167376/4-valent-human-papillomavirus-4vhpv-vaccine-in-preadolescents-and-adolescents-after-10-years
#17
Daron G Ferris, Rudiwilai Samakoses, Stanley L Block, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Jaime Alberto Restrepo, Jesper Mehlsen, Archana Chatterjee, Ole-Erik Iversen, Amita Joshi, Jian-Li Chu, Andrea Likos Krick, Alfred Saah, Rituparna Das
OBJECTIVES: We describe the final 10-year data for the long-term follow-up study of the 4-valent human papillomavirus (4vHPV) vaccine in preadolescents and adolescents. METHODS: In the base study (V501-018), 1661 sexually inactive boys and girls received the 4vHPV vaccine (early vaccination group [EVG], managed for 9.9 years) or a placebo at day 1, month 2, and month 6. Thereafter, at month 30, the placebo group (catch-up vaccination group [CVG], managed for 7.4 years) received the 4vHPV vaccine by using the same dosing schedule...
December 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162367/arterial-reconstructions-for-chronic-lower-extremity-ischemia-in-preadolescent-and-adolescent-children
#18
Jonathan L Eliason, Dawn M Coleman, Adam Gumushian, James C Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Chronic lower extremity ischemia in pediatric patients is uncommon. The intent of this study was to better define the arterial reconstructive options and their long-term durability in preadolescent and adolescent children having clinically relevant arterial occlusions affecting the lower extremity. METHODS: The medical records of 33 consecutive pediatric patients who underwent lower extremity revascularization for chronic ischemia at the University of Michigan from 1974 to 2016 were reviewed...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162181/effects-of-early-institutionalization-on-emotion-processing-in-12-year-old-youth
#19
Johanna Bick, Rhiannon Luyster, Nathan A Fox, Charles H Zeanah, Charles A Nelson
We examined facial emotion recognition in 12-year-olds in a longitudinally followed sample of children with and without exposure to early life psychosocial deprivation (institutional care). Half of the institutionally reared children were randomized into foster care homes during the first years of life. Facial emotion recognition was examined in a behavioral task using morphed images. This same task had been administered when children were 8 years old. Neutral facial expressions were morphed with happy, sad, angry, and fearful emotional facial expressions, and children were asked to identify the emotion of each face, which varied in intensity...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161988/improved-cognitive-performance-in-preadolescent-danish-children-after-the-school-based-physical-activity-programme-fifa-11-for-health-for-europe-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Rune Rasmussen Lind, Svend Sparre Geertsen, Christina Ørntoft, Mads Madsen, Malte Nejst Larsen, Jiri Dvorak, Christian Ritz, Peter Krustrup
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown promising effects of physical activity on cognitive function, but there is a need to investigate this link in real-life settings such as schools. Hence, the objective of the present pilot study was to investigate whether the school-based physical activity programme "FIFA 11 for Health" for Europe could improve cognitive performance in preadolescent Danish children. METHODS: The pilot study used an 11-week cluster-randomised intervention study design...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
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