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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525437/feasibility-and-parental-acceptability-of-an-8-week-slow-speed-high-intensity-community-based-resistance-training-program-for-preadolescent-children
#1
Sarah L Mullane, Vincent B Bocchicchio, Noe C Crespo
High-intensity resistance training (RT) shows promise for improved cardiometabolic health in children. Achieving high-intensity RT safely is a challenge for community-based programs because of parental concerns and group engagement. Twenty preadolescent children completed an 8-week, twice per week program using slow speed to achieve high-intensity RT. Parent and child surveys were conducted to measure acceptability and effectiveness. Child fitness levels were assessed, and fasting blood draws and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry were performed on a subset population...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495039/emotional-symptoms-and-dietary-patterns-in-early-adolescence-a-school-based-follow-up-study
#2
Estefania Aparicio, Josefa Canals, Núria Voltas, Anna Valenzano, Victoria Arija
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between early emotional symptoms and dietary patterns over 3 years in a school-based sample. DESIGN: Three-year longitudinal prospective study. SETTING: Thirteen schools in Reus, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: From a sample of 562 preadolescents with and without emotional symptoms, 165 were observed and were classified as either showing (n = 100) or not showing emotional symptoms (n = 65)...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492862/establishing-baseline-normative-values-for-the-child-sport-concussion-assessment-tool
#3
M Alison Brooks, Traci R Snedden, Benjamin Mixis, Scott Hetzel, Timothy A McGuine
Importance: The Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT3) is a postconcussion sideline assessment tool measuring symptoms, cognition, and balance in preadolescent children. Minimal normative baseline data exist to aid decision making in clinical and athletic settings. Objective: To collect normative baseline data for the Child SCAT3 in a large cohort of young athletes. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study was conducted from May 31 to August 12, 2014, at various sporting events (basketball, soccer, baseball, and swimming) in Central Wisconsin among children 5 to 13 years of age who were English-speaking and did not report a lower leg injury within the past 2 months or a concussion within the past month...
May 8, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473761/acute-exercise-improves-motor-memory-consolidation-in-preadolescent-children
#4
Jesper Lundbye-Jensen, Kasper Skriver, Jens B Nielsen, Marc Roig
Objective: The ability to acquire new motor skills is essential both during childhood and later in life. Recent studies have demonstrated that an acute bout of exercise can improve motor memory consolidation in adults. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether acute exercise protocols following motor skill practice in a school setting can also improve long-term retention of motor memory in preadolescent children. Methods: Seventy-seven pre-adolescent children (age 10.5 ± 0.75 (SD)) participated in the study...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467161/evaluation-of-the-families-matter-program-in-tanzania-an-intervention-to-promote-effective-parent-child-communication-about-sex-sexuality-and-sexual-risk-reduction
#5
Benjamin A Kamala, Kathryn D Rosecrans, Tiransia A Shoo, Hamid Z Al-Alawy, Faith Berrier, David F Bwogi, Kim S Miller
The Families Matter! Program (FMP) is a curriculum-based intervention designed to give parents and other primary caregivers the knowledge, skills, comfort, and confidence to deliver messages to their 9-12-year-old children about sexuality and practice positive parenting skills. A pre- and post-intervention evaluation study on FMP outcomes was conducted with 658 parent participants and their preadolescent children in two administrative wards in Tanzania in 2014. There was an increase in the proportion of study participants (parent-preadolescent pairs) that had positive attitudes toward sex education...
April 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464439/label-free-imaging-of-healthy-and-infarcted-fetal-sheep-hearts-by-two-photon-microscopy
#6
Alexandra Sorvina, Christie A Bader, Mitchell C Lock, Douglas A Brooks, Janna L Morrison, Sally E Plush
Coronary heart disease is one of the largest causes of death worldwide, making this a significant health care issue. A critical problem for the adult human heart is that it does not undergo effective repair in response to damage, leaving patients with a poor prognosis. Unlike the adult, fetal hearts have the ability to repair after myocardial damage. Using two-photon microscopy, we have visualised the morphological and metabolic changes following myocardial infarction in sheep fetuses, to characterise response to cardiac injury in a mammalian model...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453210/letting-oneself-go-isn-t-enough-cognitively-oriented-expressive-writing-reduces-preadolescent-peer-problems
#7
Gabriele Travagin, Davide Margola, John L Dennis, Tracey A Revenson
Peer problems are a stressor for many early adolescents, and simple cost-effective tools for managing peer stress are needed. Expressive writing (EW) may be one such tool. With a sample of middle school children aged 12-14 years (n = 119; 53% males), this research evaluates whether cognitively oriented expressive writing (CEW), which focuses more on psychological self-distancing, improves personal well-being better than traditional EW, which focuses more on emotional disclosure. CEW-compared with EW-slightly enhanced long-term social adjustment for the entire sample, and increased positive affect for those early adolescents that reported more peer problems at baseline...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451076/dsm-5-and-icd-11-as-competing-models-of-ptsd-in-preadolescent-children-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-assessing-validity-and-co-occurring-symptomatology
#8
Annette M La Greca, BreAnne A Danzi, Sherilynn F Chan
Background: Major revisions have been made to the DSM and ICD models of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it is not known whether these models fit children's post-trauma responses, even though children are a vulnerable population following disasters. Objective: Using data from Hurricane Ike, we examined how well trauma-exposed children's symptoms fit the DSM-IV, DSM-5 and ICD-11 models, and whether the models varied by gender. We also evaluated whether elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety characterized children meeting PTSD criteria based on DSM-5 and ICD-11...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441062/measles-cases-among-adolescents-in-southern-pakistan-2012-2015-the-case-for-revisiting-vaccination-strategies
#9
Sadia Shakoor, Erum Khan, Muhammad Imran Rajput, Wali Muhammad Rahimoon
AIMS: Surveillance of adult measles in Pakistan is a challenge as it does not enjoy the status of a reportable disease unlike childhood cases and therefore cases remain undetected and unreported or misdiagnosed. Consequently no data or estimates of young adult cases, seroprevalence, or estimates of susceptible preadolescent or young adult population exist. We have presented both laboratory conformed and clinically suspected cases of measles occurring in adolescents and adults in the southern province of Sindh in Pakistan...
April 25, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438524/trajectories-of-mental-health-related-service-use-among-adolescents-with-histories-of-early-externalizing-problems
#10
Yuko Okado, Emily Ewing, Christina Rowley, Damon E Jones
PURPOSE: To inform efforts to reduce costly service utilization, the present study examined longitudinal trajectories of mental health-related outpatient and residential service use among at-risk youth with a history of early externalizing problems. METHODS: A cohort of 809 children in the Fast Track Project, a multisite longitudinal study of children at risk for conduct disorder, were followed prospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade. They resided in high-risk areas with high rates of poverty, crime, and violence...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424952/preadolescents-emotional-and-prosocial-responses-to-negative-tv-news-investigating-the-beneficial-effects-of-constructive-reporting-and-peer-discussion
#11
Mariska Kleemans, Luise F Schlindwein, Roos Dohmen
Watching news is important for preadolescents, but it may also harm their well-being. This study examined whether applying insights from positive psychology to news production can reduce this potential harm, by reducing negative emotional responses and enhancing positive emotional responses to negative news, and by encouraging prosocial intentions. Moreover, we explored whether peer discussion strengthened these effects. Preadolescents (n = 336; 9-13 years old; 48.5% female) were exposed to either constructive (solution-based news including positive emotions) or nonconstructive news...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414940/sexual-reoffense-trajectories-with-youths-in-the-child-welfare-system
#12
L M Grossi, Alexandra Brereton, Austin F Lee, Ann Schuler, Robert A Prentky
The present study sought to determine whether the persistence of problematic sexualized behaviors (PSBs) committed by boys in the Massachusetts child welfare system would lend support to previous taxonomies categorizing offenders as early-onset/life course-persistent, adolescence-onset/adolescence-limited, or childhood-limited in their offending behavior. We examined the persistence of PSBs in a male sample (N=638; age range: two to 17), using a retrospective longitudinal archival design. Procedures involved a comprehensive archival review of records from the Department of Children and Families...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399489/gender-differences-in-risk-factors-for-cigarette-smoking-initiation-in-childhood
#13
Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Robert J Wellman, Erin K O'Loughlin, Erika N Dugas, Jennifer O'Loughlin
INTRODUCTION: We investigated whether established risk factors for initiating cigarette smoking during adolescence (parents, siblings, friends smoke; home smoking rules, smokers at home, exposure to smoking in cars, academic performance, susceptibility to smoking, depressive symptoms, self-esteem, school connectedness, use of other tobacco products) are associated with initiation in preadolescents, and whether the effects of these factors differ by gender. METHODS: In spring 2005, baseline data were collected in self-report questionnaires from 1801 5th grade students including 1553 never-smokers (mean age=10...
April 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390856/a-case-study-of-a-preadolescent-with-osteopathia-striata-with-cranial-sclerosis
#14
Doreen W Ng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379824/fitwits-tm-leads-to-improved-parental-recognition-of-childhood-obesity-and-plans-to-encourage-change
#15
Bethany A Edwards, Jonathan R Powell, Ann McGaffey, Valerie M P Wislo, Elaine Boron, Frank J D'Amico, Linda Hogan, Kristin Hughes, Ilene Katz Jewell, Diane J Abatemarco
INTRODUCTION: Brief tools are needed to help physicians and parents reach consensus on body mass index (BMI) categories for children and to discuss health-improving behaviors. This study tested the Fitwits(TM) intervention with interactive flashcards and before and- after surveys to improve parents' perceptions of children's BMI status. METHODS: We enrolled 140 parents and their 9- to 12-year-old children presenting for well child care, regardless of BMI status, scheduled with 53 Fitwits-trained physicians...
March 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362023/kinematic-study-of-standing-long-jump-in-preadolescents-before-the-occurrence-of-maximum-growth-age
#16
Matilde Espinosa-Sánchez
The aims of this study were to identify the kinematics characteristics of the standing long jump (SLJ) performance in groups of Mexican girls and boys, with a chronological age such that theoretically, corresponds to the age before the occurrence of the maximum growth. The jump distance is largely dependent on the kinematic values at the time of takeoff. A calculation method was used from video recordings of the sagittal projection of jumps. The location of the body mass center at takeoff was the source for measuring the kinematic values...
January 26, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361571/correlation-between-ecg-changes-and-early-left-ventricular-remodeling-in-preadolescent-footballers
#17
M Zdravkovic, B Milovanovic, S Hinic, I Soldatovic, T Durmic, G Koracevic, S Prijic, O Markovic, B Filipovic, D Lovic
The aim of this study was to assess the early electrocardiogram (ECG) changes induced by physical training in preadolescent elite footballers. This study included 94 preadolescent highly trained male footballers (FG) competing in Serbian Football League (minimum of 7 training hours/week) and 47 age-matched healthy male controls (less than 2 training hours/week) (CG). They were screened by ECG and echocardiography at a tertiary referral cardio center. Sokolow-Lyon index was used as a voltage electrocardiographic criterion for left ventricular hypertrophy diagnosis...
March 1, 2017: Physiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359682/anticipatory-representations-of-reward-and-threat-in-perceptual-areas-from-preadolescence-to-late-adolescence
#18
Philippa Howsley, Liat Levita
This study examined whether changes in perceptual processes can partially account for the increase in reward-orientated behaviour during adolescence. This was investigated by examining reinforcement-dependent potentiation to discriminative stimuli (S(D)) that predicted rewarding or threatening outcomes. To that end, perceptual event-related potentials that are modulated by motivationally salient stimuli, the N170 and Late Positive Potential (LPP), were recorded from 30 preadolescents (9-12 years), 30 adolescents (13-17 years), and 34 late adolescents (18-23 years) while they completed an instrumental task in which they emitted or omitted a motor response to obtain rewards and avoid losses...
March 12, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349875/intact-non-word-repetition-and-similar-error-patterns-in-language-matched-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-pilot-study
#19
Aparna Nadig, Anjali Mulligan
PURPOSE: We investigated whether enhanced auditory short-term memory may contribute to the learning of novel word forms in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. We also evaluated whether delayed but qualitatively normal, versus atypical, cognitive processes underlie non-word repetition in this population via a detailed error analysis. METHOD: English-speaking children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (who had significant language delay) and typically-developing children matched pairwise on language ability were compared on the Syllable Repetition Task (Shriberg et al...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343759/incidence-of-postsuppression-virologic-rebound-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-asian-adolescents-on-stable-combination-antiretroviral-therapy
#20
Tavitiya Sudjaritruk, Linda Aurpibul, Penh Sun Ly, Thoa Phan Kim Le, Torsak Bunupuradah, Rawiwan Hansudewechakul, Pagakrong Lumbiganon, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit, Nik Khairulddin Nik Yusoff, Lam Van Nguyen, Kamarul Azahar Mohd Razali, Moy Siew Fong, Revathy A Nallusamy, Nia Kurniati, Viet Chau Do, David C Boettiger, Annette H Sohn, Azar Kariminia
PURPOSE: To assess the incidence and predictors of postsuppression virologic rebound (VR) among adolescents on stable combination antiretroviral therapy in Asia. METHODS: Perinatally HIV-infected Asian adolescents (10-19 years) with documented virologic suppression (two consecutive viral loads [VLs] <400 copies/mL ≥6 months apart) were included. Baseline was the date of the first VL <400 copies/mL at age ≥10 years or the 10th birthday for those with prior suppression...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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