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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149793/improving-quality-of-work-life-for-care-providers-by-fostering-the-emotional-well-being-of-persons-with-dementia-a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-nursing-intervention-in-german-long-term-care-settings
#1
Charlotte Berendonk, Roman Kaspar, Marion Bär, Matthias Hoben
We tested the feasibility of a nursing intervention (DEMIAN) in routine care and its effects on care providers' job satisfaction, motivation, and work strain. This cluster-randomized trial was conducted in 20 German long-term care facilities. We randomly assigned 20 facilities to an intervention group (84 care providers, 42 residents with dementia) or a control group (96 care providers, 42 residents with dementia). Intervention group providers received two training days on the intervention; 68 providers attended both training days...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149789/involving-institutionalized-people-with-dementia-in-their-care-planning-meetings-impact-on-their-quality-of-life-measured-by-a-proxy-method
#2
Feliciano Villar, Montserrat Celdrán, Josep Vila-Miravent, Elena Fernández
The objective of the study was to assess the impact of an intervention in which people with dementia attended meetings to discuss their individual care plans on their quality of life. Fifty-two older people ( M = 86.7 years, SD = 7.3) diagnosed with moderate-to-severe dementia living in four nursing homes in Spain participated in the study. The intervention was implemented with 27 residents at two of the nursing homes; the other 25 cases at the other two homes acted as controls. A proxy measure of quality of life was used...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149782/frequency-of-circulatory-regulatory-immune-cells-in-iranian-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#3
Tahereh Khamehchian, Eqlim Nemati, Marziyeh Jazayeri, Shirin Azimi, Hassan Nikoueinejad, Hossein Akbari, Behnaz Irandoust
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the result of the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) act as mediators of peripheral tolerance. We investigated the possible alterations of such cells in peripheral blood of patients with T1D compared to normal individuals. This comparison may lead to a better understanding of the immunopathogenesis processes involved in T1D. 92 participants, including 49 patients with T1D and 43 healthy controls were studied...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149777/investigating-the-association-of-adam33-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-snps-with-susceptibility-to-allergic-asthma-in-azerbaijan-population-of-iran-a-case-control-study
#4
Ilghar Zeinaly, Mahnaz Sadeghi-Shabestrai, Zohreh Babaloo, Alireza Razavi, Mohammad Sajay-Asbaghi, Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad, Tohid Kazemi
Asthma, affecting a growing number of populations, is a clinical condition with complex cellular and genetic factors. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in gene coding for molecules, which play major roles in the immunopathogenesis of asthma have been considered recently as genetic predisposing factors this disease. Possible association between two SNPs in a disintegrin and metalloprotease 33 (ADAM33), which participates in airway remodeling, and susceptibility to asthma was studied in this study. 190 patients with asthma and 180 healthy controls were enrolled in this case-control study...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149766/numerosity-estimation-benefits-from-transsaccadic-information-integration
#5
Carolin Hübner, Alexander C Schütz
Humans achieve a stable and homogeneous representation of their visual environment, although visual processing varies across the visual field. Here we investigated the circumstances under which peripheral and foveal information is integrated for numerosity estimation across saccades. We asked our participants to judge the number of black and white dots on a screen. Information was presented either in the periphery before a saccade, in the fovea after a saccade, or in both areas consecutively to measure transsaccadic integration...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149745/household-air-pollution-and-chronic-hypoxia-in-the-placenta-of-pregnant-nigerian-women-a-randomized-controlled-ethanol-cookstove-intervention
#6
Anindita Dutta, Galina Khramstova, Katherine Brito, Donee Alexander, Ariel Mueller, Sireesha Chinthala, Damilola Adu, Tope Ibigbami, John Olamijulo, Abayomi Odetunde, Kehinde Adigun, Liese Pruitt, Ian Hurley, Olufunmilayo Olopade, Oladosu Ojengbede, Sarosh Rana, Christopher O Olopade
BACKGROUND: Household air pollution (HAP) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Investigate impact of in-utero HAP exposure on placental development and chronic hypoxia. METHODS: Markers of chronic placental hypoxia [Hofbauer cells (HBC), syncytial knots (SK), chorionic vascular density (cVD) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)] were stained by hematoxylin-eosin and/or immunohistochemically in placenta samples collected from firewood-/kerosene-users (A,n=16), and ethanol-users (B,n=20) that participated in a randomized controlled intervention trial in Ibadan, Nigeria...
November 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149738/associations-of-urinary-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-metabolites-with-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-and-exhaled-carbon-monoxide-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Yun Zhou, Yuewei Liu, Huizhen Sun, Jixuan Ma, Lili Xiao, Limin Cao, Wei Li, Bin Wang, Jing Yuan, Weihong Chen
Exposure to Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been associated with inflammatory responses. Fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) are both important inflammatory mediators especially in airways. However, few studies have investigated associations of PAH exposures with FeNO or eCO. Therefore, we aimed to quantify the associations of urinary PAH metabolites with FeNO and eCO levels, and investigate their potential effect modifiers by linear mixed models among 4133 participants from the Wuhan-Zhuhai cohort in China...
November 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149713/adult-exposure-to-bisphenol-a-in-rare-minnow-gobiocypris-rarus-reduces-sperm-quality-with-disruption-of-testicular-aquaporins
#8
Yingying Zhang, Yongjing Guan, Ting Zhang, Cong Yuan, Yan Liu, Zaizhao Wang
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disrupter which has adverse effects on male reproduction. Aquaporins (AQPs), well known water-selective channels, play important roles in spermatogenesis and sperm functions. However, whether AQPs participate in the process that BPA induces abnormal sperms has not been investigated to date. In the present study, adult male rare minnows Gobiocypris rarus were exposed to environmentally relevant concentrations BPA (15 and 225 μg/L) for 1, 2 and 3 weeks. Results showed that BPA exposure disrupted sperm motility, increased the percentage of abnormal sperm cells, and decreased sperm tolerance to hypotonic solution and sperm fertilization capacity...
November 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149692/acute-stress-affects-prospective-memory-functions-via-associative-memory-processes
#9
Ágnes Szőllősi, Péter Pajkossy, Gyula Demeter, Szabolcs Kéri, Mihály Racsmány
Recent findings suggest that acute stress can improve the execution of delayed intentions (prospective memory, PM). However, it is unclear whether this improvement can be explained by altered executive control processes or by altered associative memory functioning. To investigate this issue, we used physical-psychosocial stressors to induce acute stress in laboratory settings. Then participants completed event- and time-based PM tasks requiring the different contribution of control processes and a control task (letter fluency) frequently used to measure executive functions...
November 14, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149678/housing-conditions-and-birth-outcomes-the-national-child-development-study
#10
Emily W Harville, Felicia A Rabito
BACKGROUND: Despite their importance to respiratory and other health outcomes, housing conditions have been little-studied with respect to perinatal outcomes. METHODS: 1927 participants in the British National Child Development Study reported on housing conditions and pregnancy outcomes, including presence/severity of mold/dampness; type of heating; and whether remodeling of various sorts had been conducted. Crowding, based on the number of people in the residence and the number of rooms, was also considered...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149668/parental-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-epilepsy-a-study-from-jordan
#11
Amira Masri, Samah Aburahma, Aisha Khasawneh, Abdelkarim Al Qudah, Omar Nafi, Miral Al Momani, Faisal Khatib
PURPOSE: To explore the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of parents whose children were diagnosed with epilepsy. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire based study of parents who accompanied their children with epilepsy to the child neurology clinics at three university hospitals in Jordan. RESULTS: Most parents (427, 90.3%) knew that epilepsy is not related to a psychiatric disease. Approximately half of the parents (245, 51.8%) used the internet as their source of knowledge, and most used Arabic websites...
November 8, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149666/relationship-between-radiographic-patella-alta-pathology-and-walking-dysfunction-in-children-with-bilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#12
Matthias Hösl, Harald Böhm, Michaela Seltmann, Chakravarthy Ugandhar Dussa, Leonhard Döderlein
BACKGROUND: Patella-alta is very common in patients with Cerebral Palsy (CP). While several diagnostic x-ray indices have been developed for patella-alta in general, the specific relationship with walking dysfunction in CP is only partly understood. METHODS: 33 participants with bilateral spastic CP between 4 and 20 years (GMFCS I-II without previous surgery) that underwent 3D gait analysis as well as a radiographic exam within 0.8 (SD 1.2) months were retrospectively included...
November 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149655/one-year-after-ischemic-stroke-changes-in-leg-movement-path-stability-in-a-speed-accuracy-task-but-no-major-effects-on-the-hands
#13
Albertas Skurvydas, Vilma Juodzbaliene, Tomas Darbutas, Marius Brazaitis
First year after the stroke is essential for motor recovery. The main motor control strategy (i.e., faster movement production at the expense of lower movement accuracy and stability, or greater movement accuracy and stability at the expense of slower movement) selected by poststroke patients during a unilateral speed-accuracy task (SAT) remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the poststroke (12 months after stroke) effects on the trade-off between movement speed and accuracy, and intraindividual variability during a motor performance task...
November 14, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149654/classifying-binge-eating-disordered-adolescents-based-on-severity-levels
#14
Antonios Dakanalis, Maria Assunta Zanetti, Fabrizia Colmegna, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici
The new severity criterion for binge-eating disorder (BED), introduced by the most recent (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a means of addressing within-group variability in severity, was tested in 223 Italian (13-18-year-old) adolescents (86.1% females) with (DSM-5) BED presenting for treatment. Analyses revealed that participants classified with mild (35.9% of the sample), moderate (38.1%) severe (13.4%), and extreme (12.6%) severity of BED, based on their clinician-rated weekly frequency of binge-eating (BE) episodes, were statistically distinguishable in physical characteristics (body mass index) and a range of clinical variables regarding eating-related psychopathology and putative maintenance factors, health-related quality of life, and mood and anxiety disorder comorbidity (medium-to-large effect sizes)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149653/prevalence-of-internet-addiction-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-representative-sample-of-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#15
Min-Pei Lin, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Jianing You, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a large representative sample of secondary school students and identified the risk and protective factors. Using a crosssectional design, 2170 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling. The prevalence of IA was 17.4% (95% confidence interval, 15.8%-19.0%). High impulsivity, low refusal self-efficacy of Internet use, high positive outcome expectancy of Internet use, high disapproving attitude of Internet use by others, depressive symptoms, low subjective well-being, high frequency of others' invitation to Internet use, and high virtual social support was all independently predictive in the logistic regression analysis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149639/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-measurement-properties-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-identification-of-functional-ankle-instability-idfai-questionnaire
#16
Bruna Reclusa Martinez, Andrea D Lopes Sauers, Cintia Lopes Ferreira, Luciana de Castro Lugli, Paola Christina Gama Turchetto, Carrie L Docherty, Liu Chiao Yi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to describe the translation and cultural adaptation, and to test the validity and reliability of the Brazilian version of the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI) questionnaire. DESIGN: This was a clinical measurement. SETTING: This research took place at the Federal University of Sao Paulo in Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty college students participated in the translation and cultural adaptation, while another 50 students participated in the measurements (validity and reliability)...
October 7, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149634/patient-participation-in-nursing-bedside-handover-a-systematic-mixed-methods-review
#17
REVIEW
Georgia Tobiano, Tracey Bucknall, Ishtar Sladdin, Jennifer A Whitty, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Numerous reviews of nursing handover have been undertaken, but none have focused on the patients' role. OBJECTIVES: To explore how patient participation in nursing shift-to-shift bedside handover can be enacted. DESIGN: Systematic mixed- methods review. DATA SOURCES: Three search strategies were undertaken in July-August 2016: database searching, backwards citation searching and forward citation searching...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149632/brain-structural-differences-between-73-and-92-year-olds-matched-for-childhood-intelligence-social-background-and-intracranial-volume
#18
Stuart J Ritchie, David Alexander Dickie, Simon R Cox, Maria Del C Valdés Hernández, Ruth Sibbett, Alison Pattie, Devasuda Anblagan, Paul Redmond, Natalie A Royle, Janie Corley, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Adele M Taylor, Sherif Karama, Tom Booth, Alan J Gow, John M Starr, Mark E Bastin, Joanna M Wardlaw, Ian J Deary
Fully characterizing age differences in the brain is a key task for combating aging-related cognitive decline. Using propensity score matching on 2 independent, narrow-age cohorts, we used data on childhood cognitive ability, socioeconomic background, and intracranial volume to match participants at mean age of 92 years (n = 42) to very similar participants at mean age of 73 years (n = 126). Examining a variety of global and regional structural neuroimaging variables, there were large differences in gray and white matter volumes, cortical surface area, cortical thickness, and white matter hyperintensity volume and spatial extent...
October 16, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149621/the-risk-factors-related-to-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xiaohong Niu, Hui Wang, Weihan Yang, Jie Qiu, Lan Yang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was performed to determine the risk factors related to bruxism in children. DESIGN: This systematic review was conducted with reporting in agreement to the PRISMA statement and according to guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We conducted a systematic search of seven online databases, with the last search updated on 1st October 2016. The seven databases were Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, and WF...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149618/effectiveness-of-a-patient-centred-empowerment-based-intervention-programme-among-patients-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Li Cheng, Janet W H Sit, Kai-Chow Choi, Sek-Ying Chair, Xiaomei Li, Yuning Wu, Junhong Long, Meihua Tao
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive efforts and advances in evidence-based diabetes management, poor glycaemic control still remains a challenge in many countries. There is a paucity of research addressing the needs of patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, or exploring the effectiveness of empowerment-based interventions in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a patient-centred, empowerment-based programme on glycaemic control and self-management behaviours among patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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