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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428597/outcomes-and-costs-of-pre-school-and-school-based-fluoride-varnish-pilots
#1
S Buckingham, J H John
Objective Fluoride varnish (FV) applications reduce the risk of dental decay in research trials. These pilots were conducted to test the feasibility and costs of providing FV applications in schools. Changes in dental decay levels were also monitored.Methods Data were collected on the proportion of children with dental decay, mean number of teeth affected and whether the child had attended for dental care. The cost of delivering the intervention was calculated.Results More children were reported to be attending for dental care by the end of the pilot than at the start...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427379/novel-mutation-identified-in-severe-early-onset-tumor-necrosis-factor-receptor-associated-periodic-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
Suhas M Radhakrishna, Amy Grimm, Lori Broderick
BACKGROUND: Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor-Associated Periodic Syndrome (TRAPS) is the second most common heritable autoinflammatory disease, typically presenting in pre-school aged children with fever episodes lasting 1-3 weeks. Systemic symptoms can include rash, myalgia, ocular inflammation, and serositis. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report an unusual presentation of TRAPS in a 7 month old girl who presented with only persistent fever. She was initially diagnosed with incomplete Kawasaki Disease and received IVIG and infliximab; however, her fevers quickly recurred...
April 20, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416041/child-targeted-fast-food-television-advertising-exposure-is-linked-with-fast-food-intake-among-pre-school-children
#3
Madeline A Dalton, Meghan R Longacre, Keith M Drake, Lauren P Cleveland, Jennifer L Harris, Kristy Hendricks, Linda J Titus
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to child-targeted fast-food (FF) television (TV) advertising is associated with children's FF intake in a non-experimental setting. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey conducted April-December 2013. Parents reported their pre-school child's TV viewing time, channels watched and past-week FF consumption. Responses were combined with a list of FF commercials (ads) aired on children's TV channels during the same period to calculate children's exposure to child-targeted TV ads for the following chain FF restaurants: McDonald's, Subway and Wendy's (MSW)...
April 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415004/types-of-household-humidifier-disinfectant-and-associated-risk-of-lung-injury-hdli-in-south-korea
#4
Dong-Uk Park, Seung-Hun Ryu, Heung-Kyu Lim, Sun-Kyung Kim, Ye-Yong Choi, Jong-Ju Ahn, Eun Lee, Sang-Bum Hong, Kyung-Hyun Do, Jae-Lim Cho, Mun-Joo Bae, Dong-Chun Shin, Do-Myung Paek, Soo-Jong Hong
From 2002 through 2015, hundreds of people died of fatal lung injuries associated with the use of humidifier disinfectants (HDs) in Korea. Several chemical disinfectants used for household humidifiers were later clinically confirmed to cause HD-associated lung injury (HDLI). The aim of this study is to evaluate the registered lung disease cases and to compare the distribution of HDLI patients, including deaths, by HD use characteristics including types of HD and HD brands categorized by age group. A total of 530 registered were clinically examined through two rounds of investigations conducted from July 2013 until April 2015...
April 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403704/nursing-management-of-reflex-anoxic-seizures-in-children
#5
Neal Patel, Rowan Kerr-Liddell, Louise Challis, Siba Prosad Paul
Children who present with transient loss of consciousness (T-LOC) are often first seen in emergency departments (EDs). Reflex anoxic seizure (RAS), vasovagal syncope and prolonged respiratory apnoea are benign, syncopal events that can be generally managed by explanation and reassurance. RAS is a short, paroxysmal, self-reverting episode of asystole that is triggered by pain, fear or anxiety and is caused by increased vagal response. It is an important differential diagnosis in pre-school age children who present with T-LOC, but is often underdiagnosed and can sometimes be misdiagnosed as epilepsy...
April 13, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398695/social-disadvantage-and-developmental-diagnosis-in-pre-schoolers
#6
Norma Kayrouz, Susan L Milne, Jenny L McDonald
AIM: To explore the association between social disadvantage and developmental diagnoses in pre-school children. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 845 pre-school children were assessed by the Child Assessment Team at Campbelltown Hospital. A social worker interviewed 469 families and these children were eligible for inclusion in the study. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was confirmed in 290 children. Of those without ASD, 72 did not have global developmental delay (GDD) and were excluded from the study...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390125/impact-of-early-childhood-caries-and-its-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-on-orofacial-function-and-quality-of-life-a-prospective-comparative-study
#7
V Collado, H Pichot, C Delfosse, C Eschevins, E Nicolas, M Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) has become a major public health concern worldwide, mostly affecting children from disadvantaged families in increasingly severe forms. This condition has been frequently reported to alter children's nutrition, growth and general development. It negatively impacts their quality of life, through painful episodes and severe eating difficulties. While this period is crucial for oral praxes development, the impact of dental state on oro-facial functions is poorly documented...
April 8, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382052/comparative-investigation-of-indicators-of-growth-and-behavioral-disorders-in-children-with-normal-low-and-very-low-birth-weight-at-pre-school-age-in-isfahan-during-2015
#8
Marzieh Yousefi, Zahra Abdeyazdan, Soheila Ehsanpour
INTRODUCTION: Birth weight is one of the most important indicators of infant's health and could predict their health condition in future. This study was conducted to determine and compare indicators of growth [weight, height, and body mass index (BMI)] and behavioral disorders in children with normal, low, and very low birth weight at pre-school age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive analytical study, 236 children (126 with normal weight, 100 with low birth weight, and 10 with very low birth weight) at pre-school age were investigated in three groups...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378787/from-lark-to-owl-developmental-changes-in-morningness-eveningness-from-new-borns-to-early-adulthood
#9
Christoph Randler, Corina Faßl, Nadine Kalb
Morningness-eveningness or chronotype changes significantly throughout the life span. This has been reported for the transition during adolescence in some studies, and to a lesser extent in early adulthood. Primary and pre-school children have been under investigation in fewer studies. This is the first comprehensive study covering the age range from very young children until early adulthood (0-30 years) based on the same measurement instrument. Here, we show that the turn towards eveningness starts at an early age in German children...
April 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374573/agreement-between-concern-about-autism-spectrum-disorder-at-the-time-of-referral-and-diagnosis-and-factors-associated-with-agreement
#10
Bee H Lo, Felicity Klopper, Elizabeth H Barnes, Katrina Williams
AIM: This study examined the level of agreement between referral reason and diagnostic outcome for pre-school aged children showing developmental delays and differences. In particular, the level of agreement when there was concern about autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was investigated. METHODS: Clinical records for children (n = 677) assessed for developmental concerns at a multidisciplinary assessment clinic in Sydney, Australia, were examined. Referral reason and diagnostic outcome were compared...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371929/inventory-of-surveillance-systems-assessing-dietary-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours-in-europe-a-dedipac-study
#11
Silvia Bel-Serrat, Inge Huybrechts, Barbara F Thumann, Antje Hebestreit, Peter M Abuja, Stefaan de Henauw, Carine Dubuisson, Thorsten Heuer, Celine M Murrin, Giacomo Lazzeri, Caroline van Rossum, Lene F Andersen, Robert Szeklicki, Jesús Vioque, Rachel Berry, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Wolfgang Ahrens, Nadia Slimani
There is a need for harmonized public health surveillance systems to monitor regional variations and temporal trends of health behaviours and health outcomes and to align policies, action plans and recommendations in terms of healthy diet and physical (in)activity within Europe. We provide an inventory of currently existing surveillance systems assessing diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in Europe as a tool to assist in the identification of gaps and needs and to contribute to the roadmap for an integrated pan-European surveillance system...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358802/knowledge-practices-and-perceptions-of-geo-helminthes-infection-among-parents-of-pre-school-age-children-of-coastal-region-kenya
#12
Janet Masaku, Faith Mwende, Gladys Odhiambo, Rosemary Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Jimmy H Kihara, Isaac G Thuita, Doris W Njomo
BACKGROUND: Soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are common human parasitic diseases in most of the developing world particularly in Kenya. The ongoing National School-Based Deworming Programme (NSBDP) was launched in 2012 and is currently targeting 28 of the 47 endemic Counties. In an effort to improve treatment intervention strategies among Pre-School Age Children (PSAC) attending Early Childhood Development Centres (ECDC), we sought to assess parents' knowledge, perceptions and practices on worm infection...
March 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351766/common-cold-among-pre-school-children-in-china-associations-with-ambient-pm10-and-dampness-mould-cats-dogs-rats-and-cockroaches-in-the-home-environment
#13
Dan Norbäck, Chan Lu, Yinping Zhang, Baizhan Li, Zhuohui Zhao, Chen Huang, Xin Zhang, Hua Qian, Jan Sundell, Qihong Deng
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that dampness, mould and cockroaches can increase the risk of respiratory infections in children but few studies exist from China on this topic. Aim To study associations between domestic early life exposure to biological indoor factors (dampness, mould, cats, dogs, rats, cockroaches), cleaning habits and common cold among pre-school children across China. METHODS: Children aged 3-6years (n=39,782) were recruited from randomly selected day care centres in seven cities in China...
March 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341820/il-23-gene-and-protein-expression-in-childhood-asthma
#14
Soheila Alyasin, Reza Amin, Ali Fazel, Mohammad Hossein Karimi, Seyed Hesamedin Nabavizadeh, Hossein Esmaeilzadeh, Maryam Babaei
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the chronic inflammation of airways characterized by eosinophilic infiltration, mucus overproduction, airway hyper-responsiveness and airway remodeling. These changes are induced mostly by cytokines which are produced by T helper (Th) 2 cells. Recently, the role of interleukin-23 (IL-23) in the pathogenesis of adult allergic asthma has been studied. OBJECTIVE: To explore IL-23 serum levels and its expression in persistent asthma compared with healthy children younger than five years old...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Immunology: IJI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337168/working-memory-capacity-as-a-factor-influencing-the-relationship-between-language-outcome-and-rehabilitation-in-mandarin-speaking-preschoolers-with-congenital-hearing-impairment
#15
Ming Lo, Pei-Hua Chen
Memory processes could account for a significant part of the variance in language performances of hearing-impaired children. However, the circumstance in which the performance of hearing-impaired children can be nearly the same as the performance of hearing children remains relatively little studied. Thus, a group of pre-school children with congenital, bilateral hearing loss and a group of pre-school children with normal hearing were invited to participate in this study. In addition, the hearing-impaired participants were divided into two groups according to their working memory span...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333409/missed-opportunities-for-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-pre-school-children-admitted-to-hospital-with-lower-respiratory-tract-infection
#16
Tony Walls, Erika Stark, Philip Pattemore, Lance Jennings
AIM: To describe the usage of multiplex polymerase chain reaction on nasopharyngeal swab (NPS) samples in pre-school children presenting with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) at Christchurch Hospital, and its impact on the use of antibiotics empirically and at discharge. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 237 children, ages 3 months to 5 years, admitted to hospital during the winter months of 2012-2015 with a diagnosis of community-acquired LRTI...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318482/cross-sectional-analysis-of-eating-patterns-and-snacking-in-the-us-feeding-infants-and-toddlers-study-2008
#17
Denise M Deming, Kathleen C Reidy, Mary Kay Fox, Ronette R Briefel, Emma Jacquier, Alison L Eldridge
OBJECTIVE: To explore eating patterns and snacking among US infants, toddlers and pre-school children. DESIGN: The Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) 2008 was a cross-sectional national survey of children aged 6-47 months, weighted to reflect US age and racial/ethnic distributions. Dietary data were collected using one multiple-pass 24h recall. Eating occasions were categorized as meals, snacks or other (comprised of all feedings of breast milk and/or infant formula)...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290729/evidence-for-the-treatment-of-co-occurring-stuttering-and-speech-sound-disorder-a-clinical-case-series
#18
Rachael Unicomb, Sally Hewat, Elizabeth Spencer, Elisabeth Harrison
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of evidence to guide treatment for children with co-occurring stuttering and speech sound disorder. Some guidelines suggest treating the two disorders simultaneously using indirect treatment approaches; however, the research supporting these recommendations is over 20 years old. In this clinical case series, we investigate whether these co-occurring disorders could be treated concurrently using direct treatment approaches supported by up-to-date, high-level evidence, and whether this could be done in an efficacious, safe and efficient manner...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278357/factors-associated-with-the-health-and-cognition-of-6-year-old-to-8-year-old-children-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#19
Oluwakemi R Ajayi, Glenda Matthews, Myra Taylor, Jane Kvalsvig, Leslie L Davidson, Shuaib Kauchali, Claude A Mellins
OBJECTIVE: To investigate 6-year-old to 8-year-old children's health, nutritional status and cognitive development in a predominantly rural area of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: Cohort study of 1383 children investigating the association of demographic variables (area of residence, sex, pre-school education, HIV status, height for age and haemoglobin level) and family variables (socioeconomic status, maternal and paternal level of education), with children's cognitive performance...
March 9, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274054/occlusal-traits-of-primary-dentition-among-pre-school-children-of-mehsana-district-north-gujarat-india
#20
Shoba Fernandes, Dhvani Gordhanbhai Patel, Eraveni Ranadheer, Jayasudha Kalgudi, Jaysukh Santokì, Shaila Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Aesthetic and functional problems in the dentofacial complex among children are often attributed to the disturbances in the dentofacial growth and development. This can be recognized during routine dental visits. This study pursued to assess the occlusion of the primary dentition in three to five-year-old children. AIM: To study the occlusal traits of the primary dentition in a group of three to five-year-old North Gujarat children of Mehsana district and the variation in their occlusion relative to age and gender in the same group...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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