keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pre-school

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150738/the-autism-family-experience-questionnaire-afeq-an-ecologically-valid-parent-nominated-measure-of-family-experience-quality-of-life-and-prioritised-outcomes-for-early-intervention
#1
Kathy Leadbitter, Catherine Aldred, Helen McConachie, Ann Le Couteur, Dharmi Kapadia, Tony Charman, Wendy Macdonald, Erica Salomone, Richard Emsley, Jonathan Green
There is a lack of measures that reflect the intervention priorities of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and that assess the impact of interventions on family experience and quality of life. The Autism Family Experience Questionnaire (AFEQ) was developed through focus groups and online consultation with parents, and reflected parental priorities. It was then administered to the parents of children enrolled in the Pre-school Autism Communication Trial and its 6-year follow-up study. The AFEQ showed good convergent validity with well-established measures of child adaptive functioning, parental mental health and parental wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132992/measuring-the-timeliness-of-childhood-vaccinations-using-cohort-data-and-routine-health-records-to-evaluate-quality-of-immunisation-services
#2
Suzanne Walton, Mario Cortina-Borja, Carol Dezateux, Lucy J Griffiths, Karen Tingay, Ashley Akbari, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, Ronan A Lyons, Helen Bedford
BACKGROUND: To achieve full benefits of vaccination programmes, high uptake and timely receipt of vaccinations are required. OBJECTIVES: To examine uptake and timeliness of infant and pre-school booster vaccines using cohort study data linked to health records. METHODS: We included 1782 children, born between 2000 and 2001, participating in the Millennium Cohort Study and resident in Wales, whose parents gave consent for linkage to National Community Child Health Database records at the age seven year contact...
November 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124902/t-cell-responses-against-rhinovirus-species-a-and-c-in-asthmatic-and-healthy-children
#3
Cibele M Gaido, Caitlyn Granland, Ingrid A Laing, Peter N Le Souëf, Wayne R Thomas, Andrew J Currie, Belinda J Hales
BACKGROUND: Infections by rhinovirus (RV) species A and C are the most common causes of exacerbations of asthma and a major cause of exacerbations of other acute and chronic respiratory diseases. Infections by both species are prevalent in pre-school and school-aged children and, particularly for RV-C, can cause severe symptoms and a need for hospitalization. While associations between RV infection and asthma are well established, the adaptive immune-mechanisms by which RV infections influence asthma exacerbations are yet to be defined...
November 10, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105576/clinical-signs-of-hypoxaemia-in-children-aged-2%C3%A2-months-to-5%C3%A2-years-with-acute-respiratory-distress-in-switzerland-and-senegal
#4
Lucie von der Weid, Mario Gehri, Boubacar Camara, Aliou Thiongane, Andrès Pascual, Jean-Yves Pauchard
BACKGROUND: Hypoxaemia is a predictor of pneumonia-related mortality. WHO published recommendations for oxygen therapy based on clinical signs which state that, when oxygen is plentiful, it should be given to children with central cyanosis, inability to drink, severe chest indrawing, RR >70 breaths/min, grunting with every breath (in young infants) or those who display head nodding. These guidelines, however, are based on a few studies only. AIM: To assess the accuracy of combinations of clinical signs which predict hypoxaemia in pre-school children aged 2 months to 5 years with acute respiratory distress in hospitals in Switzerland and Senegal...
November 6, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075782/can-illegitimate-job-tasks-be-reduced-by-a-participatory-organizational-level-workplace-intervention-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-danish-pre-schools
#5
Elisabeth Framke, Ole Henning Sørensen, Jacob Pedersen, Reiner Rugulies
Objectives We examined whether a cluster randomized controlled participatory organizational-level workplace intervention affected the level of unnecessary, unreasonable, and illegitimate tasks. Methods A cluster randomized controlled trial was implemented in municipal pre-schools. The intervention used a participatory approach and aimed improving the psychosocial working environment by focusing on core tasks. The sample consisted of 41 pre-schools with 404 employees in the intervention group and 30 pre-schools with 230 employees in the control group...
October 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065707/bifidobacterium-longum-bb536-alleviated-upper-respiratory-illnesses-and-modulated-gut-microbiota-profiles-in-malaysian-pre-school-children
#6
A S-Y Lau, N Yanagisawa, Y-Y Hor, L-C Lew, J-S Ong, L-O Chuah, Y-Y Lee, S-B Choi, F Rashid, N Wahid, H Sugahara, J-Z Xiao, M-T Liong
This 10-months randomised, double-blind, parallel and placebo-controlled study evaluated the effects of Bifidobacterium longum BB536 on diarrhoea and/or upper respiratory illnesses in 520 healthy Malaysian pre-school children aged 2-6 years old. The subjects randomly received a one-gram sachet containing either BB536 (5×109 cfu) or placebo daily. Data analysis was performed on 219 subjects who fully complied over 10-months (placebo n=110, BB536 n=109). While BB536 did not exert significant effects against diarrhoea in children, Poisson regression with generalised estimating equations model indicated significant intergroup difference in the mean number of times of respiratory illnesses over 10 months...
October 25, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065447/analysis-of-predictive-factors-on-minors-mental-health-according-to-the-spanish-national-health-survey
#7
Fernando Fajardo-Bullón, Irina Rasskin-Gutman, Elena Felipe-Castaño, Eduardo João Ribeiro Dos Santos, Benito León-Del Barco
Research on minors' mental health is an increasingly developing area. Given the increased prevalence of disorders, it seems necessary to analyze the factors that can affect poor mental health. This study analyzes the influence of occupational class, educational level, age, sex and perceived mental health of Spanish children, which is measured through the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. The sample consists of 3599 minors between 4 and 14 years old, who were interviewed through the Spanish National Health Survey 2011...
October 21, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065156/motor-skill-delays-in-pre-school-children-with-leukemia-one-year-after-treatment-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-therapy-as-an-important-risk-factor
#8
Livia Taverna, Marta Tremolada, Sabrina Bonichini, Barbara Tosetto, Giuseppe Basso, Chiara Messina, Marta Pillon
CNS-directed therapies for the treatment of leukemia can adversely affect the acquisition of new skills, such as reading/writing and math. Two years after the end of treatments, children show gross and fine motor skill delays that may persist even when patients are considered healed. The goal of the present study was to assess motor skills difficulties in pre-school children with leukemia one year after treatment. Particular attention has been paid to those patients who had undergone Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) and to the relationship between motor delays and age bands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046022/-prevalence-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-its-symptoms-in-the-school-children-population-of-cuernavaca-morelos-mexico
#9
Eleazar Mancilla-Hernández, Evaristo Víctor Manuel González-Solórzano, Miguel Alejandro Medina-Ávalos, Raúl Humberto Barnica-Alvarado
BACKGROUND: Studies on allergic rhinitis prevalence have found significant variations in their results, even in closely-living populations. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the prevalence of allergic rhinitis and its symptoms in schoolchildren from Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive study on the prevalence of allergic rhinitis diagnosis and symptoms, where the "Diagnostic questionnaire for epidemiological studies" was used between June and December 2015 in pre-school and primary and secondary school population, after authorization was granted by parents and school authorities...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040573/how-much-atopy-is-attributable-to-common-childhood-environmental-exposures-a-population-based-birth-cohort-study-followed-to-adulthood
#10
Hayden H Shin, Stephanie J Lynch, Andrew R Gray, Malcolm R Sears, Robert J Hancox
Background: The rising prevalence of atopic diseases implies a strong influence of environmental determinants. Epidemiological studies have identified several early life exposures that appear to influence the risk of developing atopic sensitization, but the combined influence of these exposures is unknown. We sought to estimate the proportion of atopy that could be attributed to common childhood exposures associated with atopic sensitization in adolescence and young adulthood. Methods: Atopic sensitization was measured by skin-prick tests for common aeroallergens in a population-based New Zealand birth cohort at ages 13 and 32 years...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021934/the-effects-of-bug-in-ear-coaching-on-pre-service-behavior-analysts-use-of-functional-communication-training
#11
Kathleen Artman-Meeker, Nancy Rosenberg, Natalie Badgett, Xueyan Yang, Ashley Penney
Behavior analysts play an important role in supporting the behavior and learning of young children with disabilities in natural settings. However, there is very little research related specifically to developing the skills and competencies needed by pre-service behavior analysts. This study examined the effects of "bug-in-ear" (BIE) coaching on pre-service behavior analysts' implementation of functional communication training with pre-school children with autism in their classrooms. BIE coaching was associated with increases in the rate of functional communication training trials each intern initiated per session and in the fidelity with which interns implemented functional communication training...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992812/the-team-to-address-bariatric-care-in-canadian-children-team-abc3-team-grant-research-proposal
#12
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity (SO) in Canadian children remains poorly understood. However, based on international data, the prevalence of SO appears to be increasing and is associated with a number of psychosocial, bio-mechanical, and cardiometabolic health risks. The purpose of our national Team to Address Bariatric Care in Canadian Children (Team ABC3) is to develop and lead a series of inter-related studies to enhance the understanding and management of SO in Canadian children and adolescents (0-18 years)...
October 5, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991899/albendazole-and-ivermectin-for-the-control-of-soil-transmitted-helminths-in-an-area-with-high-prevalence-of-strongyloides-stercoralis-and-hookworm-in-northwestern-argentina-a-community-based-pragmatic-study
#13
Adriana Echazú, Marisa Juarez, Paola A Vargas, Silvana P Cajal, Ruben O Cimino, Viviana Heredia, Silvia Caropresi, Gladys Paredes, Luis M Arias, Marcelo Abril, Silvia Gold, Patrick Lammie, Alejandro J Krolewiecki
BACKGROUND: Recommendations for soil-transmitted helminth (STH) control give a key role to deworming of school and pre-school age children with albendazole or mebendazole; which might be insufficient to achieve adequate control, particularly against Strongyloides stercoralis. The impact of preventive chemotherapy (PC) against STH morbidity is still incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a community-based program with albendazole and ivermectin in a high transmission setting for S...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985153/profiling-movement-and-gait-quality-characteristics-in-pre-school-children
#14
Cain C T Clark, Claire M Barnes, Nils J Swindell, Mark D Holton, Daniel D Bingham, Paul J Collings, Sally E Barber, Huw D Summers, Kelly A Mackintosh, Gareth Stratton
There is a dearth of suitable metrics capable of objectively quantifying motor competence. Further, objective movement quality characteristics during free play have not been investigated in pre-school children. The aims of this study were to characterize children's free play physical activity and investigate how gait quality characteristics cluster with free play in pre-school children (3-5 years old). Sixty-one children (39 boys; 4.3 ± 0.7 years, 1.04 ± 0.05 m, 17.8 ± 3.2 kg) completed the movement assessment battery for children and took part in free play while wearing an ankle- and hip-mounted accelerometer...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979618/performance-of-sd-bioline-malaria-ag-pf-pan-rapid-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-malaria-in-south-kivu-dr-congo
#15
Théophile Mitima Kashosi, Joseph Minani Mutuga, Devotte Sifa Byadunia, John Kivukuto Mutendela, Basimike Mulenda, Kanigula Mubagwa
INTRODUCTION: Use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) has improved the management of this disease. We evaluated the validity of the SD-Bioline Malaria-Ag-Pf/Pan™ (Batch 60952) RDT supplied by the Malaria Control Program of the DRCongo. METHODS: cChildren (n = 460) aged below 5 years seen in curative care (CC) for suspected malaria and in pre-school consultation (PSC) in two rural centers underwent clinical evaluation and capillary blood collection for microscopic reading of thick smear (TS) and thin film (BF), and for RDT...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958811/parental-perceptions-of-childhood-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Mabel S F Low, Hweeyong Tan, Mikael Hartman, Clarence C Tam, Cheehow Hoo, Jiaqing Lim, Simin Chiow, Simin Lee, Renzhi Thng, Mingzhe Cai, Yanru Tan, Jingzhan Lock
PURPOSE: Seasonal influenza vaccination is recommended in children aged 6-59months, but little is known about child vaccination coverage and determinants in Asian settings. We report the results of a survey of knowledge, attitudes, practices, and determinants of child influenza vaccination in Singapore. METHODS: In December 2015-March 2016, we conducted a survey of 332 parents of children aged 6months to 5years attending pre-schools. We assessed child influenza vaccine coverage and parental knowledge, attitudes, and practices of child influenza vaccination...
October 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957475/emotional-and-behavioural-problems-in-young-children-with-divorced-parents
#17
Meinou H C Theunissen, Mariska Klein Velderman, Anne P G Cloostermans, Sijmen A Reijneveld
Background: This study examines the link between divorce or separation and emotional and behavioural problems (EBP) in children aged 2-4 years. Methods: We obtained cross-sectional data for a nationally representative Dutch sample of children aged 2-4 years within the setting of the national system of routine visits to well-child clinics. A total of 2600 children participated (response rate: 70%). Before the visit, parents completed the Child Behaviour Checklist and a questionnaire with questions about divorce or separation...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956292/caries-prevalence-and-distribution-in-individuals-aged-3-20%C3%A2-years-in-j%C3%A3-nk%C3%A3-ping-sweden-trends-over-40%C3%A2-years
#18
G Koch, A N Helkimo, C Ullbro
AIM: To present and analyse changes in caries prevalence and caries distribution in child population sample groups in the city of Jönköping, Sweden, based on investigations performed in 1973, 1978, 1983, 1993, 2003, and 2013. METHODS: At each investigation, the study population included about 500 randomly sampled individuals, divided into age groups of 3, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years. The oral health status of all individuals was clinically and radiographically examined by trained paediatric dentists...
October 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952455/intelligence-quotient-at-the-age-of-6-years-of-iranian-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism
#19
Khaled Rahmani, Shahin Yarahmadi, Koorosh Etemad, Yadollah Mehrabi, Nasrin Aghang, Ahmad Koosha, Hamid Soori
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the success rate of the national neonates screening program in maintenance of intelligent quotient (IQ) of children with congenital hypothyroidism in Iran. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The IQ scores, in three subsets of verbal, non verbal (Performance) and full scale IQ, of 240 children diagnosed with Ttransient congenital hypothyroidism (TCH) and Permanent congenital hypothyroidism (PCH), from 5 provinces in 5 different geographical areas of Iran, were measured at the age of 6 years using revised Wechsler pre school and primary scale of intelligence and compared with 240 healthy children...
September 26, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946611/environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-at-home-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-three-to-five-year-old-children
#20
Eunkye Kang, Soo Young Kim, Seong Sil Chang, Sinye Lim, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Chul-Gab Lee, Yu-Mi Kim, Su Young Kim, Kee-Jae Lee, Suejin Kim, Mina Ha
Exposure to harmful environmental factors is particularly detrimental to younger children. We investigated the relationship between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in pre-schoolers at home and the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), a predictive factor for cardiovascular disease. This study was conducted in 2014 and was based on the data of preschool children from the Korean Environmental Health Survey in Children and Adolescents (2012 to 2014), a nationally representative sample...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
keyword
keyword
81781
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"