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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100200/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-anaemia-among-children-aged-6-to-59%C3%A2-months-in-namutumba-district-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Fiona Kuziga, Yeka Adoke, Rhoda K Wanyenze
BACKGROUND: Anaemia is one of the major causes of death among children under five years in Africa, with a prevalence of 64.6% among pre-school children. In 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional study in Namutumba district in East-central Uganda to determine the prevalence and factors associated with anaemia among children aged 6 to 59 months. METHODS: We conducted a household survey in 376 randomly selected households. One child aged 6 to 59 months was randomly sampled from each selected household...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100193/long-time-sickness-absence-among-parents-of-pre-school-children-with-cerebral-palsy-spina-bifida-and-down-syndrome-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Idunn Brekke, Elena Albertini Früh, Lisbeth Gravdal Kvarme, Henrik Holmstrøm
BACKGROUND: Taking care of a child with special needs can be draining and difficult and require a lot of parental time and resources. The present study investigated the long-term sickness absence of parents who have children with spina bifida, cerebral palsy and Down syndrome compared to that of parents without a child with special needs. METHODS: The sample consisted of primiparae women who gave birth between 2001 and 2005 and the fathers of the children (N = 202,593)...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098954/use-of-play-therapy-in-nursing-process-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Emel Sezici, Ayse Ferda Ocakci, Hasibe Kadioglu
PURPOSE: Play therapy is a nursing intervention employed in multidisciplinary approaches to develop the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of children. In this study, we aim to determine the effects of play therapy on the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of pre-school children through the nursing process. DESIGN: A single-blind, prospective, randomized controlled study was undertaken. The design, conduct, and reporting of this study adhere to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098765/validation-of-an-online-food-frequency-questionnaire-against-doubly-labelled-water-and-24-h-dietary-recalls-in-pre-school-children
#4
Christine Delisle Nyström, Hanna Henriksson, Christina Alexandrou, Anna Bergström, Stephanie Bonn, Katarina Bälter, Marie Löf
The development of easy-to-use and accurate methods to assess the intake of energy, foods and nutrients in pre-school children is needed. KidMeal-Q is an online food frequency questionnaire developed for the LifeGene prospective cohort study in Sweden. The aims of this study were to compare: (i) energy intake (EI) obtained using KidMeal-Q to total energy expenditure (TEE) measured via doubly labelled water and (ii) the intake of certain foods measured using KidMeal-Q to intakes acquired by means of 24 h dietary recalls in 38 children aged 5...
January 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076542/-dental-decay-in-5-year-old-children-sociodemographic-factors-monitoring-points-and-parental-attitudes
#5
Vinícius Humberto Nunes, Gimol Benzaquen Perosa
Dental decay affects many children, especially those from the lower socioeconomic classes. In this cross-sectional study designed to investigate the role played by sociodemographic factors, parental attitudes, and monitoring points, which are an indicator of personal perception of what controls individual health, on the prevalence of tooth decay among 5-year-old pre-school children living in a midsized city in São Paulo, Brazil. The ceo-d index of 426 children was assessed; the parents reported sociodemographic characteristics and completed two questionnaires concerning monitoring points and parental attitudes...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065237/predictors-for-massive-blood-loss-during-posterior-correction-of-congenital-scoliosis-in-pre-school-children-a-retrospective-observation
#6
Le Shen, Wei-Yun Chen, Wu-Tao Wang, Hao-Nan Xu, Xue-Rong Yu, Xiu-Hua Zhang, Yu-Guang Huang
Objective To investigate the predictors for massive blood loss during posterior correction of congenital scoliosis in pre-school children. Methods Totally 124 children under six years of age,who received posterior correction of congenital scoliosis,were divided into two groups according to the ratio of intraoperative blood loss (BL) and estimated blood volume (EBV). Massive blood loss was defined as BL/EBV>0.15,and minor or moderate blood loss as BL/EBV≤0.15. All the records,including demographics,intraoperative fluids,pre- or postoperative laboratory parameters,and the length of hospital stay,were compared between these two groups...
December 20, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050506/distribution-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-streptococcus-sobrinus-in-dental-plaque-of-indian-pre-school-children-using-pcr-and-sb-20m-agar-medium
#7
Divya Singla, Arun Sharma, Vinod Sachdev, Radhika Chopra
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is one of the most common infectious diseases affecting the oral cavity. Among the oral bacteria, mutans streptococci have been implicated as major cariogenic bacteria as they can produce high levels of dental caries causing substances such as lactic acid and extracellular polysaccharides. AIM: The aim of the study was to detect the presence of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus in dental plaque by using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method, quantification of these micro-organisms using Modified Sucrose-Bacitracin (SB-20M) agar medium and to correlate their presence in Caries Active (CA) and Caries Free (CF) pre-school children...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049104/international-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-child-and-adolescent-trauma-screen-cats
#8
Cedric Sachser, Lucy Berliner, Tonje Holt, Tine K Jensen, Nathaniel Jungbluth, Elizabeth Risch, Rita Rosner, Lutz Goldbeck
BACKGROUND: Systematic screening is a powerful means by which children and adolescents with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) can be detected. Reliable and valid measures based on current diagnostic criteria are needed. AIM: To investigate the internal consistency and construct validity of the Child and Adolescent Trauma Screen (CATS) in three samples of trauma-exposed children in the US (self-reports: n=249; caregiver reports: n=267; pre-school n=190), in Germany (self-reports: n=117; caregiver reports: n=95) and in Norway (self-reports: n=109; caregiver reports: n=62)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030557/anthropometric-improvement-among-hiv-infected-pre-school-children-following-initiation-of-first-line-anti-retroviral-therapy-implications-for-follow-up
#9
Atnafu Mekonnen Tekleab, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Ababi Zergaw Giref, Damte Shimelis, Meseret Gebre
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a lifesaving intervention for HIV infected children. There is a scarcity of data on immunological recovery and its relation with growth indicators among HIV infected young children. The current study aims to assess the pattern of anthropometric Z-score improvement following initiation of first-line ART among under-five children and the relationship between anthropometric Z-score improvement and immunologic recovery. METHODS: We included under-five children who were on first-line ART at five major hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017441/extensive-swelling-of-the-limb-and-systemic-symptoms-after-a-fourth-dose-of-acellular-pertussis-containing-vaccines-in-england-in-children-aged-3-6years
#10
Jo Southern, Pauline A Waight, Nick Andrews, Elizabeth Miller
Extensive limb swelling (ESL) after a booster dose of acellular pertussis (aP) containing vaccine can cause concern and has the potential to be confused with cellulitis. In the United Kingdom aP-containing vaccine was introduced for primary immunisation at 2, 3 and 4months of age in 2004, with the first cohorts eligible to receive a fourth dose in 2007 at school entry. We assessed the frequency of ESL (here defined as swelling >100mms diameter) in 973 children receiving a fourth dose of one of four aP vaccines given combined with inactivated polio, tetanus and either low dose diphtheria (TdaP/IPV) or high dose diphtheria (DTaP/IPV) vaccine; 2 of the 3 DTaP/IPV vaccines also contained Haemophilus influenza b conjugate vaccine (Hib)...
December 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012945/effect-of-a-host-protein-based-assay-on-the-differentiation-of-bacterial-and-viral-infections-in-pre-school-children
#11
Susanna Esposito, Nicola Principi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995831/associations-between-physical-home-environmental-factors-and-vegetable-consumption-among-norwegian-3-5-year-olds-the-bra-study
#12
Anne Lene Kristiansen, Mona Bjelland, Anne Himberg-Sundet, Nanna Lien, Lene Frost Andersen
OBJECTIVE: First, to explore item pools developed to measure the physical home environment of pre-school children and assess the psychometric properties of these item pools; second, to explore associations between this environment and vegetable consumption among Norwegian 3-5-year-olds. DESIGN: Data were collected in three steps: (i) a parental web-based questionnaire assessing the child's vegetable intake and factors potentially influencing the child's vegetable consumption; (ii) direct observation of the children's fruit, berry and vegetable intakes at two meals in one day in the kindergarten; and (iii) a parental web-based 24 h recall...
December 20, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995818/acquisition-of-nouns-and-verbs-in-italian-pre-school-children
#13
Lucia Colombo, Eduardo Navarrete, Barbara Arfé
Noun and verb acquisition was investigated in three- and five-year-old Italian children by means of picture naming of objects and actions, selected from Druks and Masterson (2000). The aim was to examine the previously reported advantage of nouns compared to verbs. Older children were faster than younger children, and naming latencies were faster for object pictures than for action pictures. For errors, the advantage of objects over actions was greater for younger children. A qualitative analysis of errors was carried out according to a classification derived by Masterson, Druks, and Gallienne (2008)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994923/microbiological-features-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-bulgarian-children-for-the-period-1998-2014
#14
Raina Tzvetanova Gergova, Guergana Petrova, Stefan Gergov, Petko Minchev, Ivan Mitov, Tanya Strateva
BACKGROUND: Across the globe, upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) are the most prevalent cause of morbidity in childhood. AIMS: The aim of our study is to analyze the incidence and etiology of bacterial URTIs in Bulgarian children, as well as the increasing antimicrobial resistance to the most common etiologic agents over a period of 17 years. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: The study material comprised the data from 4768 patients (aged 1-16 years) with URTI during the period from 1998-2014...
November 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990698/dietary-strategies-for-achieving-adequate-vitamin-d-and-iron-intakes-in-young-children-in-ireland
#15
L Kehoe, J Walton, B A McNulty, A P Nugent, A Flynn
BACKGROUND: Inadequate intakes of vitamin D and iron have been reported in young children in Ireland. The present study aimed to identify the main foods determining vitamin D and iron intakes and to model the impact of dietary strategies to improve adequacy of these micronutrients in young children. METHODS: The present study is based on the Irish National Pre-School Nutrition Survey (NPNS), which estimated food and nutrient intakes in a representative sample (n = 500) of children (aged 1-4 years) using a 4-day weighed food record...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965832/assessing-the-feasibility-of-evaluating-and-delivering-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-pre-school-children-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Sally E Barber, Cath Jackson, Catherine Hewitt, Hannah R Ainsworth, Hannah Buckley, Shaheen Akhtar, Daniel D Bingham, Ash C Routen, Carolyn Summerbell, Gerry Richardson, Helen J Moore, Kate E Pickett, Claire O'Malley, Shirley Brierley, John Wright
BACKGROUND: Few evidence-based physical activity interventions for pre-school children are available. This two-armed pilot cluster randomised controlled trial aimed to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a full-scale trial and of delivering an outdoor physical activity intervention for pre-school children. METHODS: School was the unit of randomisation, and follow-up occurred at 10 and 52 weeks. Trial feasibility was assessed by recruitment, retention and completion rates of primary (daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)) and secondary (anthropometric, quality of life, self-efficacy) outcomes...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960046/radiographic-evidence-of-traumatic-injuries-to-primary-incisors-without-accompanying-clinical-signs
#17
Gideon Holan, Elizabeth Yodko
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In epidemiological studies, traumatic dental injuries in children are usually determined from clinical signs or parents' reports. Radiographs are used in dental trauma centers but not in field surveys. The aim of this study was to evaluate the proportion of patients who present with radiographic evidence of trauma without any clinical signs of a history of TDI. METHODS: The prevalence of traumatic dental injuries was assessed from the records of 674 pre-school children at their first visit to a private dental practice...
December 13, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921322/the-heterophoria-of-3-5-year-old-children-as-a-function-of-viewing-distance-and-target-type
#18
Mary E Troyer, Vidhyapriya Sreenivasan, T J Peper, T Rowan Candy
PURPOSE: Heterophoria is the misalignment of the eyes in monocular viewing and represents the accuracy of vergence driven by all classical cues except disparity. It is challenging to assess restless children using clinical cover tests, and phoria in early childhood is poorly understood. Here we used eye tracking to assess phoria as a function of viewing distance and target in adults and young children, with comparison to clinical cover tests. METHODS: Purkinje image tracking (MCS PowerRefractor) was used to record eye alignment in adults (19-28 years, N = 24) and typically developing children (3-5 years, N = 24)...
January 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917226/iron-deficiency-anaemia-among-apparently-healthy-pre-school-children-in-lagos-nigeria
#19
Anirban Mandal, Puneet Kaur Sahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917202/comparing-concentration-methods-parasitrap%C3%A2-versus-kato-katz-for-studying-the-prevalence-of-helminths-in-bengo-province-angola
#20
Clara Mirante, Isabel Clemente, Graciette Zambu, Catarina Alexandre, Teresa Ganga, Carlos Mayer, Miguel Brito
BACKGROUND: Helminth intestinal parasitoses are responsible for high levels of child mortality and morbidity. Hence, the capacity to diagnose these parasitoses and consequently ensure due treatment represents a factor of great importance. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study involves comparing two methods of concentration, parasitrap and Kato-Katz, for the diagnosis of intestinal parasitoses in faecal samples. METHODS: Sample processing made recourse to two different concentration methods: the commercial parasitrap® method and the Kato-Katz method...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
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