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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646480/preschool-gender-typed-play-behavior-at-age-3-5%C3%A2-years-predicts-physical-aggression-at-age-13%C3%A2-years
#1
Karson T F Kung, Gu Li, Jean Golding, Melissa Hines
Gender differences in play behavior and physical aggression have been consistently reported. Theoretical perspectives concerning evolutionary, social, and social-cognitive mechanisms suggest that male-typical play behavior during childhood increases subsequent physical aggression. The evidence supporting these connections is limited, however. The present study investigated the association between gender-typed play behavior in early childhood and physical aggression in early adolescence using a sample drawn from a longitudinal, population study, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627810/development-of-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-neurofibromatosis-type-1-during-young-childhood
#2
André B Rietman, Rianne Oostenbrink, Kimberley van Noort, Marie-Christine J P Franken, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets, Femke K Aarsen, Jos G Hendriksen, Pieter F A de Nijs
This retrospective longitudinal study in young children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) aimed to identify if, and how early problems in behavior, intelligence, and language development are associated with later behavioral problems. At the first assessment at preschool age, we evaluated language skills, intelligence, and emotional and behavioral problems as reported by parents. The second assessment at school-age we evaluated intelligence, and emotional and behavioral problems as reported by parents and teachers...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620634/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-in-children-aged-2-4-years-old-in-mbeya-city-tanzania
#3
Hery Mwakayoka, Joyce Rose Masalu, Emil Namakuka Kikwilu
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Dental caries in infants and young children is prevalent worldwide; its magnitude and associated factors vary between communities because of cultural and social economic differences. No such information was available for pre-school children in Mbeya city. PURPOSE: To determine dental caries status and associated factors in 2 to 4-year-old children in Mbeya city. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A cross sectional study was conducted among 525 children aged 2-4 years and their parents/caregivers...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615011/lessons-from-implementing-mass-drug-administration-for-soil-transmitted-helminths-among-pre-school-aged-children-during-school-based-deworming-program-at-the-kenyan-coast
#4
Rosemary M Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Janet Masaku, Gladys Odhiambo, Faith Mwende, Isaac Thuita, Jimmy Kihara, Doris Njomo
BACKGROUND: The 2012 London declaration which committed to "sustaining, expanding and extending drug access programmes to ensure the necessary supply of drugs and other interventions to help control soil-transmitted helminths (STH) by 2020" has seen many countries in Africa roll out mass drug administration (MDA) especially among school age children. In Kenya, however, during the National school-based deworming exercise, pre-school aged children (PSAC) have to access treatment at primary schools as the pre-school teachers are not trained to carry out deworming...
June 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599066/rhinovirus-and-pre-school-wheeze
#5
REVIEW
Katarina Stenberg-Hammar, Gunilla Hedlin, Cilla Söderhäll
Rhinovirus (RV) known as the common cold virus generally only causes a mild upper respiratory infection, but severe lower respiratory symptoms have been associated with RV infections especially in asthmatic individuals. Wheezing is a symptom of airway obstruction, and preschool children wheezing with RV have been associated with increased risk of asthma at school age. There are however conflicting opinions as to whether there are differences in response to RV infection or if wheezing with RV reveals a preexisting impairment that promotes asthma mainly in predisposed children...
June 9, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595138/association-between-distance-to-nearest-supermarket-and-provision-of-fruits-and-vegetables-in-english-nurseries
#6
Thomas Burgoine, John A Gallis, Tarra L Penney, Pablo Monsivais, Sara E Benjamin Neelon
With 796,500 places available for children in England, pre-school nurseries could serve as an important setting for population-wide dietary intervention. It is critical to understand the determinants of healthy food provision in this setting, which may include access to food stores. This study examined the association between objective, GIS-derived supermarket proximity and fruit and vegetable serving frequency, using data from 623 English nurseries. Overall, 116 (18%) nurseries served fruits and vegetables infrequently (<2-3 times/week), but provision differed by supermarket proximity...
June 5, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591555/seroepidemiological-study-and-associated-risk-factors-of-toxocara-canis-infection-among-preschool-children-in-osun-state-nigeria
#7
Oluyomi A Sowemimo, Yueh-Lun Lee, Samuel O Asaolu, Ting-Wu Chuang, Olaoluwa P Akinwale, Bolaji O Badejoko, Vincent P Gyang, Timothy Nwafor, Emmanuel Henry, Chia-Kwung Fan
Human toxocariasis is caused by the nematode, Toxocara canis and it is a poorly understood phenomenon in Nigeria. Seroepidemiological studies have not been previously carried out among the preschool aged children in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was conducted in pre-school children in four communities from Osun State, Nigeria between January and July 2016. A total of 308 children Aged 9 months and 5 years were studied comprising 53.2% (164/308) male and 46.8% (144/308) female. Blood samples were collected and screened for the presence of anti-Toxocara IgG antibodies by Western blot analysis based on the excretory-secretory antigens of larva T...
June 4, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565901/the-influence-of-extra-curricular-physical-activities-in-the-development-of-coordination-in-pre-school-children
#8
Marco A Silva Batista, Samuel A Almeida Honório, Gareth W Jones, João J Matos Serrano, João M Duarte Petrica
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to provide information in relation to the coordination ability of pre-school children. The study aimed to investigate the influence of pre-school physical activity, as part of the enrichment curriculum, on the coordination of the pupils. METHODS: A sample of 120 preschool children (M=63; F=58) aged 4 and 5 years old (M = 4.47, SD = 0.5), with differing levels of physical activity carried out by the Children Body Coordination Test instrument (TCCI), Soares (1993)...
May 31, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561558/dental-caries-experience-among-albanian-pre-school-children-a-national-survey
#9
D Hysi, E Caglar, E Droboniku, C Toti, O O Kuscu
Objective: To determine the dental caries experience and treatment needs among 5-year-olds in Albania. Research Design: This cross sectional study was conducted in 2015 by using a cluster sampling technique. The dmft was used to assess dental caries experience and caries prevalence as percentages of children with dmf⟩0. Caries treatment needs were assessed with dt/dmft x 100, missing teeth with mt/dmft x 100 and ft /dmft x 100 as the Care Index. Participants: 2,039 five-year-olds, from 17 districts of Albania were selected ...
March 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556367/refugee-children-and-their-health-development-and-well-being-over-the-first-year-of-settlement-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Karen Zwi, Santuri Rungan, Susan Woolfenden, Lisa Woodland, Pamela Palasanthiran, Katrina Williams
AIM: This study aimed to describe refugee children, their families and settlement characteristics, and how their development and social-emotional well-being change over time. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study of 61 refugee children (6 months to 15 years) in an Australian setting, over 2009-2013 and measured child, family and settlement factors as well as physical health, development and social-emotional well-being (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, SDQ)...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542668/-characteristics-of-the-lunch-box-of-pre-school-children-and-nutritional-knowledge-of-the-carer-a-pilot-study-in-lima-peru-2016
#11
Lupe Arévalo-Rivasplata, Susan Castro-Reto, Geraldine García-Alva, Eddy R Segura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542661/-benign-acute-childhood-myositis-clinical-series-and-literature-review
#12
Felipe Cavagnaro S M, Alejandra Aird G, Ingrid Harwardt R, Carmen Gloria Marambio Q
Benign acute childhood myositis (BACM) is a rare clinical condition that mainly affects pre-school and school age-children. It is usually preceded by a viral illness, particularly influenza virus infection. OBJECTIVE: To describe a cluster of BACM cases that were seen in a paediatric unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective series of cases that presented with a clinical picture suggestive of BACM between August and November 2012 in the paediatric emergency department of a private clinic...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539993/effectiveness-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-on-stereotyped-and-repetitive-behaviors-of-pre-school-children-with-autism-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Hadi Zarafshan, Maryam Salmanian, Soudeh Aghamohammadi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Seyed-Ali Mostafavi
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to review the literature on non-pharmacological interventions used to treat stereotyped and repetitive behaviors by a systematic method. METHODS: Two authors independently performed a search strategy on Medline/PubMed, Scopus and PsycINFO on English articles published up to April 23, 2014 with relevant search keywords. We also reviewed the bibliographies of retrieved articles and conference proceedings to obtain additional citations and references...
March 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530625/-robot-assisted-and-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#14
Juan Ignacio Pascual-Piédrola, Imanol Merino-Narro, Mateo Hevia-Suárez, Francisco Javier Ancizu-Marckert, Ángel García-Cortés, Pablo Domenech-López
OBJECTIVES: Uretero-pelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction has been classically treated by open dismembered pyeloplasty. Recently, laparoscopic (LP) and robotic pyeloplasty (RP) have become the techniques of choice for the treatment of UPJ stenosis in adult and pediatric population. Our objective in this paper is to review the results of minimally invasive surgery as the treatment of UPJ obstruction, the trend to use these approaches and the current limits of LP and RP. METHODS: A review of most relevant papers and meta-analysis about LP and RP in pediatric and adult population was performed using PubMed...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525582/challenges-in-the-estimation-of-the-annual-risk-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-children-aged-under-5-years
#15
P Y Khan, J R Glynn, T Mzembe, D Mulawa, R Chiumya, A C Crampin, K Kranzer, K L Fielding
Accurate estimates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) infection in young children provide a critical indicator of on-going community M.tb transmission. Cross reactions due to infection with environmental mycobacteria and/or Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination compromise the estimates derived from population-level tuberculin skin test surveys using traditional cut-off methods. Newer statistical approaches are prone to failure of model convergence, especially in settings where the prevalence of M.tb infection is low and environmental sensitisation is high...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522090/hearing-loss-mediates-executive-function-impairment-in-sleep-disordered-breathing
#16
Catherine M Hill, Romola S Bucks, Colin R Kennedy, Dawn Harrison, Annette Carroll, Nicolas Upton, Alexandra M Hogan
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is often co-morbid with conductive hearing loss in early childhood due to a shared aetiology of adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Hearing loss is independently associated with impairment of executive function and behavioural difficulties. We hypothesised that these impairments in children with SDB may be mediated through hearing loss. METHODS: Fifty-eight children including 37 snorers awaiting adenotonsillectomy and 21 healthy non-snoring controls, aged 3-5 years, were assessed with pure tone audiometry, Strengths and Difficulties (SDQ), Behaviour Rating of Executive Function (BRIEF-P), and Childhood Middle Ear Disease and Hearing questionnaires...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496248/fluoride-varnish-our-only-hope
#17
(no author information available yet)
Outcomes and costs of pre-school and school-based fluoride varnish pilots.
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493861/maternal-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-neuropsychological-development-in-pre-school-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Maribel Casas, Joan Forns, David Martínez, Mònica Guxens, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Jesus Ibarluzea, Nerea Lertxundi, Mario Murcia, Marisa Rebagliato, Adonina Tardon, Jordi Sunyer, Martine Vrijheid
BackgroundMaternal pre-pregnancy obesity may impair infant neuropsychological development, but it is unclear whether intrauterine or confounding factors drive this association.MethodsWe assessed whether maternal pre-pregnancy obesity was associated with neuropsychological development in 1,827 Spanish children. At 5 years, cognitive and psychomotor development was assessed using McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using the Criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms using the Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test...
June 7, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482682/longitudinal-development-of-cognitive-visuomotor-and-adaptive-behavior-skills-in-hiv-uninfected-children-aged-3-5-years-of-age-exposed-pre-and-perinatally-to-anti-retroviral-medications
#19
Mary Lou Smith, Klajdi Puka, Ramandeep Sehra, Stanley E Read, Ari Bitnun
Little is known about the neurodevelopmental outcomes of children older than 3 years of age born to HIV infected mother but who are HIV-uninfected (HEU), and who have been exposed in utero and early in life to HIV and to antiretroviral medications (ARVs). We conducted a longitudinal study of cognitive, visuomotor and adaptive function of HEU children, who were assessed at two ages, 3.5 and 5.5 years. Sixty-four children (33 female) were assessed. In comparison with population norms for their age, at 3.5 years of age they had scores significantly below age expectations on aspects of adaptive behavior, but at age 5...
May 8, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479497/maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-childhood-bone-fractures-in-offspring-a-birth-cohort-study-of-6718-children
#20
Roope Parviainen, Juha Auvinen, Tytti Pokka, Willy Serlo, Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu
In children there is limited understanding about the biological and environmental risk factors of fractures. Therefore, we aimed to study the effect of maternal smoking on preschool children's fractures hypothesizing that the fracture risk might be programmed during intrauterine growth in means of disturbed bone formation. A prospective birth cohort included women living in Northern Finland with an expected date of delivery between July 1st, 1985 and June 30th, 1986 (N=9362), and their offspring (N=9432). Smoking was inquired during pregnancy and when the offspring reached seven years of age...
May 4, 2017: Bone
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