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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#1
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774289/high-prevalence-of-intestinal-worms-in-children-up-to-5-years-of-age-in-huaphan-province-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-pdr
#2
Naphavanh Nanthavong, Antony P Black, Phonepadith Khattignavong, Lavy Lorphachan, Keooudomphone Vilivong, Sylvie Goossens, Yves Buisson, Fabrice Quet, Claude P Muller, Satoshi Nakamura
Background: The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infection is high in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), reaching 62% among school-children. However, this prevalence presents wide regional variations, due to differences in healthcare access and environmental factors. Curiously, there are few studies on helminth infections in pre-school children - an age group targeted by the national de-worming campaign. Therefore, a preliminary study was conducted in a remote region of Huaphan Province, North Laos, to determine the prevalence of helminth infections in pre-school children...
August 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770761/low-birth-weight-is-associated-with-increased-fat-intake-in-school-aged-boys
#3
Adrianne R Bischoff, André K Portella, Catherine Paquet, Roberta Dalle Molle, Aida Faber, Narendra Arora, Robert D Levitan, Patrícia P Silveira, Laurette Dube
Evidence suggests that both high and low birth weight children have increased the risk for obesity and the metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Previously we have found altered feeding behaviour and food preferences in pre-school children and adults born with low birth weight. In this study, we investigated if birth weight was associated with different intake of fat, carbohydrate and/or protein at 6-12 years of age. This is a cross-sectional study where 255 guardians answered online and telephone questions including anthropometrics and demographic data, parental family food rules (food control, encouragement and restriction) and a complete web-based FFQ for their children (130 boys and 125 girls)...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766693/food-aversions-and-dietary-preferences-in-pre-school-children-from-olsztyn
#4
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764488/interventions-to-improve-physical-activity-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-groups-an-umbrella-review
#5
REVIEW
Melinda Craike, Glen Wiesner, Toni A Hilland, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea
BACKGROUND: People from socioeconomically disadvantaged population groups are less likely to be physically active and more likely to experience adverse health outcomes than those who are less disadvantaged. In this umbrella review we examined across all age groups, (1) the effectiveness of interventions to improve physical activity among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, (2) the characteristics of effective interventions, and (3) directions for future research. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus were searched up to May 2017 to identify systematic reviews reporting physical activity interventions in socioeconomically disadvantaged populations or sub-groups...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763680/risk-assessment-of-fluoroquinolones-from-poultry-muscle-consumption-comparing-healthy-adult-and-pre-school-populations
#6
André M P T Pereira, Liliana J G Silva, Jéssica Rodrigues, Celeste Lino, Angelina Pena
Antibiotics, especially fluoroquinolones (FQs), have been largely used in animal husbandry namely poultry production. Therefore, this study aimed to identify, quantify and estimate the daily intake for adult and 3-year-old populations of the FQs norfloxacin (NOR), ciprofloxacin (CIP) and enrofloxacin (ENR) through poultry muscle consumption. The results showed detection frequencies of 78% and 62% in supermarket and school canteen samples, respectively. Of the 182 analysed samples, 4 did not comply with ENR maximum residue level (MRL), and 9 were contaminated with NOR, not allowed as a veterinary medicine of food-producing animals...
May 12, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763417/meta-analyses-of-individual-versus-group-interventions-for-pre-school-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#7
Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Celine Miyazaki, Masashi Mikami, Erika Ota, Rintaro Mori, Yeonhee Hwang, Akiko Terasaka, Eriko Kobayashi, Yoko Kamio
There is little evidence regarding the effects of individual and group intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on important outcomes. We performed meta-analyses using a random effects model to investigate the effectiveness of the individual and group intervention studies and to compare the effectiveness of these two types if possible. The main analysis which excluded studies at a high risk of bias (Analysis I) included 14 randomised controlled trials targeting children with ASD≤6 years of age (594 children)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757928/understanding-of-information-about-medicines-use-among-parents-of-pre-school-children-in-serbia-parental-pharmacotherapy-literacy-questionnaire-pthl-sr
#8
Stana Ubavić, Nataša Bogavac-Stanojević, Aleksandra Jović-Vraneš, Dušanka Krajnović
Parental health literacy plays an important role in children’s health, Experiences from pharmacy practice show that is necessary to check if parents understand instructions about use of medicines for children. This study aimed to assess pharmacotherapy literacy of parents of pre-school children and to examine association of parental pharmacotherapy literacy level with parent’s socio-demographic characteristics. The study was cross-sectional, conducted among parents of pre-school children (1⁻7 years of age), in kindergartens in several municipalities of Belgrade, Serbia, during regular parents meetings, from May to October 2016...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746376/neruodevelopmental-outcomes-in-pre-school-children-living-with-hiv-1-subtypes-a-and-d-in-uganda
#9
Horacio Ruiseñor-Escudero, Alla Sikorskii, Itziar Familiar-Lopez, Deborah Persaud, Carrie Ziemniak, Noeline Nakasujja, Robert Opoka, Michael Boivin
BACKGROUND: HIV is a neuropathogenic virus that may result in detrimental neurodevelopmental (ND) outcomes early in life. This is the first study to evaluate the effect of HIV-1 subtype on neurodevelopment of Ugandan pre-school children. METHODS: Neurodevelopment of 87 HIV-1 infected and 221 HIV exposed uninfected (HEU) Ugandan children aged 1.8 to 4.9 years was assessed using four scales of the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL), two scales of the Color Object Association Test (COAT), and one score of the Early Childhood Vigilance Test (ECVT)...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742477/cost-benefit-analysis-for-a-lead-wheel-weight-phase-out-in-canada
#10
P M Campbell, E Corneau, D Nishimura, E Teng, D Ekoualla
Lead wheel weights (LWWs) have been banned in Europe, and some US States, but they continue to dominate the market in Canada. Exposure to lead is associated with numerous health impacts and can result in multiple and irreversible health problems which include cognitive impairment when exposure occurs during early development. Such impacts incur high individual and social costs. The purpose of this study was to assess the costs and public health benefits of a Risk Management Strategy (RMS) that would result from a LWW phase-out in Canada and compare this to a Business-As-Usual (BAU) scenario...
May 6, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738874/phonological-processes-in-the-speech-of-school-age-children-with-hearing-loss-comparisons-with-children-with-normal-hearing
#11
Areej Nimer Asad, Suzanne C Purdy, Elaine Ballard, Liz Fairgray, Caroline Bowen
PURPOSE: In this descriptive study, phonological processes were examined in the speech of children aged 5;0-7;6 (years; months) with mild to profound hearing loss using hearing aids (HAs) and cochlear implants (CIs), in comparison to their peers. A second aim was to compare phonological processes of HA and CI users. METHOD: Children with hearing loss (CWHL, N = 25) were compared to children with normal hearing (CWNH, N = 30) with similar age, gender, linguistic, and socioeconomic backgrounds...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728184/an-audiological-evaluation-of-syndromic-and-non-syndromic-craniosynostosis-in-pre-school-going-children
#12
Liang Chye Goh, Ali Azman, Hufaidah Binti Konting Siti, Wee Vien Khoo, Premala A/P Muthukumarasamy, Meow Keong Thong, Zulkiflee Abu Bakar, Anura Michelle Manuel
OBJECTIVE: To study the audiological outcome and early screening of pre-school going children with craniosynostosis under follow-up at the University of Malaya Medical Center(UMMC), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia over a 10 year period. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive cohort study on the audiological findings detected during the first hearing assessment done on a child with craniosynostosis using otoacoustic emissions, pure tone audiometry or auditory brainstem response examination...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728160/comparison-of-the-reynell-developmental-language-scale-ii-and-the-galker-test-of-word-recognition-in-noise-in-danish-day-care-children
#13
Jørgen Lous, Maj-Britt Glenn Lauritsen
OBJECTIVE: To search for predictive factors for language development measured by two receptive language tests for children, the Galker test (a word-recognition-in-noise test) testing hearing and vocabulary, and the Danish version of Reynell Developmental Language Scale (2nd revision, RDLS II) test, a language comprehension test. The study analysed if information about background variables and parents and pre-school teachers was predictive for test scores; if earlier middle ear disease, actual hearing loss and tympanometry was important for language development; and if the two receptive tests differed in terms of the degree to which variables were able to predict test scores at the age of three to five years...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724637/persistence-and-variation-in-overweight-and-obesity-among-the-pre-school-population-of-the-community-of-madrid-after-2-years-of-follow-up-the-eloin-cohort
#14
Honorato Ortiz-Marrón, Maira Alejandra Ortiz-Pinto, José I Cuadrado-Gamarra, María Esteban-Vasallo, Olga Cortés-Rico, Loreto Rey-Gayo, María Ordobás, Iñaki Galán
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The childhood obesity epidemic is a worldwide public health problem which starts at very early ages. The aim of this study was to determine the persistence of and variation in overweight and obesity among a cohort of children followed up from 4 to 6 years of age. METHODS: The data were drawn from the ELOIN (Longitudinal Childhood Obesity Study), a population-based cohort in the Community of Madrid, Spain. A total of 2435 children were involved...
April 30, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723779/what-s-fair-how-children-assign-reward-to-members-of-teams-with-differing-causal-structures
#15
Karla Koskuba, Tobias Gerstenberg, Hannah Gordon, David Lagnado, Anne Schlottmann
How do children reward individual members of a team that has just won or lost a game? We know that from pre-school age, children consider agents' performance when allocating reward. Here we assess whether children can go further and appreciate performance in context: The same pattern of performance can contribute to a team outcome in different ways, depending on the underlying rule framework. Two experiments, with three age groups (4/5-year-olds, 6/7-year-olds, and adults), varied performance of team members, with the same performance patterns considered under three different game rules for winning or losing...
April 30, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719913/-factors-associated-with-behavioral-problems-in-pre-school-age-secondary-data-analysis-of-routine-examination-at-school-enrolment-2010-2014-in-the-hannover-region
#16
Susanne Bantel, Martin Schlaud, Ulla Walter, Maren Dreier
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mental health and the prevalence of behavioral problems in children and adolescents has been gaining increasing concern in the last years. Several studies have addressed this issue in Germany. The aim of the study presented here is to examine factors associated with behavioral problems in pre-school children with focus on untreated morbidity. METHODS: Data from the routine examination at school enrolment from 2010/11 to 2014/15 (n=40,675) in the Hannover region were analyzed...
May 2, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717545/very-low-asthma-death-incidence-among-finnish-children-from-1999-to-2015
#17
Juho E Kivistö, Jussi Karjalainen, Laura Kivelä, Heini Huhtala, Jennifer L P Protudjer
BACKGROUND: The most recent reports concerning asthma fatalities in Finnish children are from 1998. Since that time, asthma care has improved and asthma-related hospitalizations have decreased. Yet, it is unknown whether pediatric asthma deaths have similarly decreased. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of asthma deaths in the Finnish pediatric population from 1999 onward and to describe the details of fatal asthma exacerbations. METHODS: We obtained copies of the death certificates from Statistics Finland of all Finnish children aged 0-19 years who died from asthma between 1999 and 2015...
May 1, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707562/the-clinical-utility-of-lung-clearance-index-in-early-cystic-fibrosis-lung-disease-is-not-impacted-by-the-number-of-multiple-breath-washout-trials
#18
Rachel E Foong, Alana J Harper, Billy Skoric, Louise King, Lidija Turkovic, Miriam Davis, Charles C Clem, Tim Rosenow, Stephanie D Davis, Sarath Ranganathan, Graham L Hall, Kathryn A Ramsey
The lung clearance index (LCI) from the multiple-breath washout (MBW) test is a promising surveillance tool for pre-school children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Current guidelines for MBW testing recommend that three acceptable trials are required. However, success rates to achieve these criteria are low in children aged <7 years and feasibility may improve with modified pre-school criteria that accepts tests with two acceptable trials. This study aimed to determine if relationships between LCI and clinical outcomes of CF lung disease differ when only two acceptable MBW trials are assessed...
January 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703189/using-participatory-risk-analysis-to-develop-a-song-about-malaria-for-young-children-in-limpopo-province-south-africa
#19
Chad M Anderson, Cheryl M E McCrindle, Taneshka Kruger, Fraser McNeill
BACKGROUND: In 2015, malaria infected over 212 million people and killed over 429,000 individuals, mostly children under 5 years of age, with 90% of malaria cases occurring in sub-Saharan Africa. The aim was to develop an age and culturally appropriate song for Tshivenda-speaking children under 5 years of age to decrease the risk of malaria in Limpopo Province, South Africa. METHODS: Document review was used to identify appropriate disease determinants to decrease risk in children < 5 years old in the study area...
April 27, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701975/characterizing-the-biochemical-response-to-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-and-treatment-with-praziquantel-in-pre-school-and-school-aged-children
#20
Gordana Panic, Jean T Coulibaly, Nikita Harvey, Jennifer Keiser, Jonathan Swann
Schistosomiasis is a wide-spread chronic neglected tropical disease prevalent mostly in children in under-resourced rural areas. Its pathological effects have been clinically characterized, yet the molecular-level effects are understudied. In this study, the biochemical effects of Schistosoma mansoni infection and praziquantel treatment were studied in 159 pre-school aged and 130 school aged infected children and 11 non-infected children in Azaguié, Côte d'Ivoire. Urine samples were collected prior to receiving 20, 40 or 60 mg/kg of praziquantel or a placebo, as well as 24 hours post-treatment, and at the 3-week follow up...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
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