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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231310/breastfeeding-and-the-risk-of-respiratory-tract-infections-after-infancy-the-generation-r-study
#1
Ilse Tromp, Jessica Kiefte-de Jong, Hein Raat, Vincent Jaddoe, Oscar Franco, Albert Hofman, Johan de Jongste, Henriëtte Moll
BACKGROUND: The protection of breastfeeding against respiratory tract infections in the first year of life has often been suggested. Few studies examined the effect of breastfeeding on respiratory tract infections after infancy. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between breastfeeding with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) and upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) after infancy up to 4 years of age (n = 5322). METHODS: This study was embedded in The Generation R study, a Dutch population-based prospective cohort study from fetal life until young adulthood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227786/a-tunable-digital-ishihara-plate-for-pre-school-aged-children
#2
Orazio Gambino, Ester Minafo, Roberto Pirrone, Edoardo Ardizzone, Orazio Gambino, Ester Minafo, Roberto Pirrone, Edoardo Ardizzone, Ester Minafo, Edoardo Ardizzone, Roberto Pirrone, Orazio Gambino
Colors play a fundamental role for children, both in the everyday life and in education. They recognize the surrounding world, and play games making a large use of colors. They learn letters and numbers by means of colors. As a consequence, early diagnosis of color blindness is an crucial to support an individual affected by this visual perception alteration at the initial phase of his/her life. The diagnosis of red-green color deficiencies (protanopia or deuteranopia) is commonly accomplished by means of the Ishihara test, which consists of plates showing dots with different sizes where some of them compose numbers within a gamut of colors while the ones composing the background have different colors...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225939/methodology-for-estimating-dietary-data-from-the-semi-quantitative-food-frequency-questionnaire-of-the-mexican-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-2012
#3
Ivonne Ramírez-Silva, Alejandra Jiménez-Aguilar, Danae Valenzuela-Bravo, Brenda Martinez-Tapia, Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez, Elsa Berenice Gaona-Pineda, Salomón Angulo-Estrada, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Objective: To describe the methodology used to clean up and estimate dietary intake (DI) data from the Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SFFQ) of the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. Materials and methods: DI was collected through a shortterm SFFQ regarding 140 foods (from October 2011 to May 2012). Energy and nutrient intake was calculated according to a nutrient database constructed specifically for the SFFQ. Results: A total of 133 nutrients including energy and fiber were generated from SFFQ data...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212667/assessing-the-interruption-of-the-transmission-of-human-helminths-with-mass-drug-administration-alone-optimizing-the-design-of-cluster-randomized-trials
#4
Roy Anderson, Sam Farrell, Hugo Turner, Judd Walson, Christl A Donnelly, James Truscott
BACKGROUND: A method is outlined for the use of an individual-based stochastic model of parasite transmission dynamics to assess different designs for a cluster randomized trial in which mass drug administration (MDA) is employed in attempts to eliminate the transmission of soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in defined geographic locations. The hypothesis to be tested is: Can MDA alone interrupt the transmission of STH species in defined settings? Clustering is at a village level and the choice of clusters of villages is stratified by transmission intensity (low, medium and high) and parasite species mix (either Ascaris, Trichuris or hookworm dominant)...
February 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207797/mutation-increasing-%C3%AE-carotene-concentrations-does-not-adversely-affect-concentrations-of-essential-mineral-elements-in-pepper-fruit
#5
Nasya B Tomlekova, Philip J White, Jacqueline A Thompson, Emil A Penchev, Stephan Nielen
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are prevalent in human populations throughout the world. Vitamin A deficiency affects hundreds of millions of pre-school age children in low income countries. Fruits of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) can be a major dietary source of precursors to Vitamin A biosynthesis, such as β-carotene. Recently, pepper breeding programs have introduced the orange-fruited (of) trait of the mutant variety Oranzheva kapiya, which is associated with high fruit β-carotene concentrations, to the mutant variety Albena...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202412/play-with-your-food-sensory-play-is-associated-with-tasting-of-fruits-and-vegetables-in-preschool-children
#6
Helen Coulthard, Anne-Marie Sealy
The objective of the current study was to ascertain whether taking part in a sensory play activity with real fruits and vegetables (FV) can encourage tasting in preschool children, compared to a non-food activity or visual exposure to the activity. Three to four year old pre-school children (N = 62) were recruited from three preschool nursery classes from a school in Northamptonshire, UK. A between participants experimental study was conducted with each class assigned to one of three conditions; sensory FV play, sensory non-food play and visual FV exposure...
February 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194899/azithromycin-for-pre-school-wheeze
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180255/health-lifestyles-of-pre-school-children-in-nordic-countries-parents-perspectives
#8
Hrafnhildur Gunnarsdottir, Lene Povlsen, Karin C Ringsberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169146/interventions-to-improve-fundamental-motor-skills-in-pre-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Abbey Van Capelle, Carolyn R Broderick, Nancy van Doorn, Rachel E Ward, Belinda J Parmenter
OBJECTIVES: Mastery in -fundamental motor skills (FMS) is associated with increased physical activity (PA) in school-aged children; however, there is limited research on pre-schoolers (3-5 years). We aimed to evaluate interventions for improving FMS as well as PA. DESIGN/METHODS: A search of electronic databases was conducted for controlled trials using PA interventions with FMS as outcomes in healthy pre-schoolers. Standardised mean difference (SMD), 95% confidence intervals and publication bias were calculated for each outcome using Revman 5...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165384/early-taste-experiences-and-later-food-choices
#10
REVIEW
Valentina De Cosmi, Silvia Scaglioni, Carlo Agostoni
BACKGROUND: Nutrition in early life is increasingly considered to be an important factor influencing later health. Food preferences are formed in infancy, are tracked into childhood and beyond, and complementary feeding practices are crucial to prevent obesity later in life. METHODS: Through a literature search strategy, we have investigated the role of breastfeeding, of complementary feeding, and the parental and sociocultural factors which contribute to set food preferences early in life...
February 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152984/rationale-for-and-design-of-the-posta-study-evaluation-of-neurocognitive-outcomes-after-immediate-adenotonsillectomy-compared-to-watchful-waiting-in-preschool-children
#11
Karen A Waters, Jasneek Chawla, Margaret-Anne Harris, Carolyn Dakin, Helen Heussler, Robert Black, Alan Cheng, Hannah Burns, John D Kennedy, Kurt Lushington
BACKGROUND: IQ deficits are linked to even mild obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children. Although OSA is commonly first diagnosed in the pre-school age group, a randomised trial is still needed to assess IQ outcomes after adenotonsillectomy in the pre-school age-group. This randomised control trial (RCT) will primarily determine whether adenotonsillectomy improves IQ compared to no adenotonsillectomy after 12 months, in preschool (3-5 year-old) children with mild to moderate OSA. METHODS: This protocol is for an ongoing multi-centred RCT with a recruitment target of 210 subjects (105 in each arm)...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150350/nutrient-intakes-and-compliance-with-nutrient-recommendations-in-children-aged-1-4-years-in-ireland
#12
J Walton, L Kehoe, B A McNulty, A P Nugent, A Flynn
BACKGROUND: The early childhood years represent a period of rapid growth and development characterised by unique requirements for energy and individual nutrients. METHODS: The present study uses data from the National Pre-School Nutrition Survey, a nationally representative sample of Irish children (1-4 years) (n = 500), aiming to estimate energy and nutrient intakes across age and compliance with recommendations (UK and European). A 4-day weighed food-record was used to collect dietary data and statistical modelling (National Cancer Institute method) was applied to estimate usual nutrient intakes...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143454/no-evidence-of-whole-population-mental-health-impact-of-the-triple-p-parenting-programme-findings-from-a-routine-dataset
#13
Louise Marryat, Lucy Thompson, Philip Wilson
BACKGROUND: The Triple P parenting programme has been reported to improve child mental health at population level, but it consumes substantial resources. Previous published work has suggested improvements in whole population scores in the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) Total Difficulties Scale among samples of children following introduction of the programme. This paper aims to explore whether Triple P had an impact on child mental health problems using routinely collected data over 6 years before and during the implementation of the multilevel Triple P programme in Glasgow City...
January 31, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105710/experiences-of-parents-of-children-with-special-needs-at-school-entry-a-mixed-method-approach
#14
A Siddiqua, M Janus
BACKGROUND: The transition from pre-school to kindergarten can be complex for children who need special assistance due to mental or physical disabilities (children with 'special needs'). We used a convergent mixed method approach to explore parents' experiences with service provision as their children transitioned to school. METHODS: Parents (including one grandparent) of 37 children aged 4 to 6 years completed measures assessing their perceptions of and satisfaction with services...
January 20, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100200/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-anaemia-among-children-aged-6-to-59%C3%A2-months-in-namutumba-district-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Fiona Kuziga, Yeka Adoke, Rhoda K Wanyenze
BACKGROUND: Anaemia is one of the major causes of death among children under five years in Africa, with a prevalence of 64.6% among pre-school children. In 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional study in Namutumba district in East-central Uganda to determine the prevalence and factors associated with anaemia among children aged 6 to 59 months. METHODS: We conducted a household survey in 376 randomly selected households. One child aged 6 to 59 months was randomly sampled from each selected household...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100193/long-time-sickness-absence-among-parents-of-pre-school-children-with-cerebral-palsy-spina-bifida-and-down-syndrome-a-longitudinal-study
#16
Idunn Brekke, Elena Albertini Früh, Lisbeth Gravdal Kvarme, Henrik Holmstrøm
BACKGROUND: Taking care of a child with special needs can be draining and difficult and require a lot of parental time and resources. The present study investigated the long-term sickness absence of parents who have children with spina bifida, cerebral palsy and Down syndrome compared to that of parents without a child with special needs. METHODS: The sample consisted of primiparae women who gave birth between 2001 and 2005 and the fathers of the children (N = 202,593)...
January 18, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098954/use-of-play-therapy-in-nursing-process-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Emel Sezici, Ayse Ferda Ocakci, Hasibe Kadioglu
PURPOSE: Play therapy is a nursing intervention employed in multidisciplinary approaches to develop the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of children. In this study, we aim to determine the effects of play therapy on the social, emotional, and behavioral skills of pre-school children through the nursing process. DESIGN: A single-blind, prospective, randomized controlled study was undertaken. The design, conduct, and reporting of this study adhere to the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098765/validation-of-an-online-food-frequency-questionnaire-against-doubly-labelled-water-and-24-h-dietary-recalls-in-pre-school-children
#18
Christine Delisle Nyström, Hanna Henriksson, Christina Alexandrou, Anna Bergström, Stephanie Bonn, Katarina Bälter, Marie Löf
The development of easy-to-use and accurate methods to assess the intake of energy, foods and nutrients in pre-school children is needed. KidMeal-Q is an online food frequency questionnaire developed for the LifeGene prospective cohort study in Sweden. The aims of this study were to compare: (i) energy intake (EI) obtained using KidMeal-Q to total energy expenditure (TEE) measured via doubly labelled water and (ii) the intake of certain foods measured using KidMeal-Q to intakes acquired by means of 24 h dietary recalls in 38 children aged 5...
January 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076542/-dental-decay-in-5-year-old-children-sociodemographic-factors-monitoring-points-and-parental-attitudes
#19
Vinícius Humberto Nunes, Gimol Benzaquen Perosa
Dental decay affects many children, especially those from the lower socioeconomic classes. In this cross-sectional study designed to investigate the role played by sociodemographic factors, parental attitudes, and monitoring points, which are an indicator of personal perception of what controls individual health, on the prevalence of tooth decay among 5-year-old pre-school children living in a midsized city in São Paulo, Brazil. The ceo-d index of 426 children was assessed; the parents reported sociodemographic characteristics and completed two questionnaires concerning monitoring points and parental attitudes...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065237/predictors-for-massive-blood-loss-during-posterior-correction-of-congenital-scoliosis-in-pre-school-children-a-retrospective-observation
#20
Le Shen, Wei-Yun Chen, Wu-Tao Wang, Hao-Nan Xu, Xue-Rong Yu, Xiu-Hua Zhang, Yu-Guang Huang
Objective To investigate the predictors for massive blood loss during posterior correction of congenital scoliosis in pre-school children. Methods Totally 124 children under six years of age,who received posterior correction of congenital scoliosis,were divided into two groups according to the ratio of intraoperative blood loss (BL) and estimated blood volume (EBV). Massive blood loss was defined as BL/EBV>0.15,and minor or moderate blood loss as BL/EBV≤0.15. All the records,including demographics,intraoperative fluids,pre- or postoperative laboratory parameters,and the length of hospital stay,were compared between these two groups...
December 20, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
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