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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899101/effect-of-a-participatory-organizational-level-occupational-health-intervention-on-job-satisfaction-exhaustion-and-sleep-disturbances-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Elisabeth Framke, Ole Henning Sørensen, Jacob Pedersen, Reiner Rugulies
BACKGROUND: We examined whether the implementation of a participatory organizational-level intervention aiming to improve the working environment with a focus on the core task at work, increased job satisfaction and reduced exhaustion and sleep disturbances among pre-school employees. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 41 intervention group pre-schools with 423 employees and 30 control group pre-schools with 241 employees. The intervention lasted 25 months and consisted of seminars, workshops, and workplace specific intervention activities that were developed by focusing on the core task at work...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890019/vitamin-a-deficiency-and-determinants-of-vitamin-a-status-in-bangladeshi-children-and-women-findings-of-a-national-survey
#2
Sabuktagin Rahman, Ahmed Shafiqur Rahman, Nurul Alam, Am Shamsir Ahmed, Santhia Ireen, Ireen Akhter Chowdhury, Fatima Parveen Chowdhury, Sm Mustafizur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: Using data from the national micronutrients survey 2011-2012, the present study explored the status of subclinical vitamin A nutrition and the underlying determinants in the Bangladeshi population. DESIGN: A nationwide cross-sectional study. Settings The survey covered 150 clusters; fifty in each of rural, urban and slum strata. SUBJECTS: Three population groups: (i) pre-school age children (6-59 months; PSAC); (ii) school age children (6-14 years; SAC); and (iii) non-pregnant non-lactating women (15-49 years; NPNLW)...
November 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882802/the-ao-pediatric-comprehensive-classification-of-long-bone-fractures-pccf-part-i
#3
Alexander Joeris, Nicolas Lutz, Andrea Blumenthal, Theddy Slongo, Laurent Audigé
Background and purpose - To achieve a common understanding when dealing with long bone fractures in children, the AO Pediatric Comprehensive Classification of Long Bone Fractures (AO PCCF) was introduced in 2007. As part of its final validation, we present the most relevant fracture patterns in the upper extremities of a representative population of children classified according to the PCCF. Patients and methods - We included children and adolescents (0-17 years old) diagnosed with 1 or more long bone fractures between January 2009 and December 2011 at the university hospitals in Bern and Lausanne (Switzerland)...
November 24, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871772/identifying-play-characteristics-of-pre-school-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-via-parental-questionnaires
#4
Sara Rosenblum, Pola Waissman, Gary W Diamond
: Motor coordination deficits that characterize children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) affect their quality of participation. The aim of the current study was to identify play characteristics of young children with DCD, compared to those of children with typical development in three dimensions: activity and participation, environmental factors and children's impairments. METHOD: Sixty-four children, aged four to six years, participated. Thirty were diagnosed as having DCD; the remaining 34 children were age, gender and socioeconomic level matched controls with typical development...
November 18, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866503/controlling-feeding-practices-and-maternal-migrant-background-an-analysis-of-a-multicultural-sample
#5
Maria Somaraki, Karin Eli, Anna Ek, Louise Lindberg, Jonna Nyman, Claude Marcus, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Angelo Pietrobelli, Myles S Faith, Kimmo Sorjonen, Paulina Nowicka
OBJECTIVE: Parental feeding practices shape children's relationships with food and eating. Feeding is embedded socioculturally in values and attitudes related to food and parenting. However, few studies have examined associations between parental feeding practices and migrant background. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Parental feeding practices (restriction, pressure to eat, monitoring) were assessed using the Child Feeding Questionnaire. Differences were explored in four sub-samples grouped by maternal place of birth: Sweden, Nordic/Western Europe, Eastern/Southern Europe and countries outside Europe...
November 21, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849243/moyamoya-disease-impact-on-the-performance-of-oral-and-written-language
#6
Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica, Camila da Costa Ribeiro, Plínio Marcos Duarte Pinto Ferraz, Maria de Lourdes Merighi Tabaquim
Moyamoya disease is an unusual form of occlusive, cerebrovascular disorder that affects the arteries of the central nervous system, causing acquired language alterations and learning difficulties. The study aim was to describe the oral/written language and cognitive skills in a seven-year-and-seven-month-old girl diagnosed with Moyamoya disease. The assessment consisted of interviews with her parents and application of the following instruments: Observation of Communicative Behavior, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Academic Performance Test, Profile of Phonological Awareness, Raven's Progressive Matrices Test, Special Scale, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842597/community-engagement-to-enhance-trust-between-gypsy-travellers-and-maternity-early-years-and-child-dental-health-services-protocol-for-a-multi-method-exploratory-study
#7
Alison McFadden, Karl Atkin, Kerry Bell, Nicola Innes, Cath Jackson, Helen Jones, Steve MacGillivray, Lindsay Siebelt
BACKGROUND: Gypsy/Travellers have poor health and experience discrimination alongside structural and cultural barriers when accessing health services and consequently may mistrust those services. Our study aims to investigate which approaches to community engagement are most likely to be effective at enhancing trust between Gypsy/Travellers and mainstream health services. METHODS: This multi-method 30-month study, commenced in June 2015, and comprises four stages...
November 14, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836955/ifn-%C3%AE-ifn-%C3%AE-responses-to-respiratory-viruses-in-paediatric-asthma
#8
Annika Bergauer, Nina Sopel, Bettina Kroß, Tytti Vuorinen, Paraskevi Xepapadaki, Scott T Weiss, Ashley Blau, Himanshu Sharma, Cornelia Kraus, Rebekka Springel, Manfred Rauh, Susanne Mittler, Anna Graser, Theodor Zimmermann, Volker O Melichar, Alexander Kiefer, Marek L Kowalski, Anna Sobanska, Tuomas Jartti, Heikki Lukkarinen, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos, Susetta Finotto
We analysed the influence of rhinovirus (RV) in nasopharyngeal fluid (NPF) on type I and III interferon (IFN) responses (e.g. IFN-α and IFN -: λ) and their signal transduction, at baseline and during disease exacerbation, in cohorts of pre-school children with and without asthma.At the time of recruitment into the Europe-wide study PreDicta, and during symptoms, NPF was collected and the local RV colonisation was analysed. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were challenged in vitro with RV or not...
November 11, 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836009/how-can-we-optimise-inhaled-beta2-agonist-dose-as-reliever-medicine-for-wheezy-pre-school-children-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Somnath Mukhopadhyay, Paul Seddon, Gemma Earl, Emma Wileman, Liz Symes, Cathy Olden, Corinne Alberti, Stephen Bremner, Alison Lansley, Colin N A Palmer, Nicole Beydon
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common problem in children and, if inadequately controlled, may seriously diminish their quality of life. Inhaled short-acting beta2 agonists such as salbutamol are usually prescribed as 'reliever' medication to help control day-to-day symptoms such as wheeze. As with many medications currently prescribed for younger children (defined as those aged 2 years 6 months to 6 years 11 months), there has been no pre-licensing age-specific pharmacological testing; consequently, the doses currently prescribed (200-1000 μg) may be ineffective or likely to induce unnecessary side effects...
November 11, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834906/child-feeding-and-parenting-style-outcomes-and-composite-score-measurement-in-the-feeding-healthy-food-to-kids-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Kerith Duncanson, Tracy L Burrows, Clare E Collins
Child feeding practices and parenting style each have an impact on child dietary intake, but it is unclear whether they influence each other or are amenable to change. The aims of this study were to measure child feeding and parenting styles in the Feeding Healthy Food to Kids (FHFK) Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) and test a composite child feeding score and a composite parenting style score. Child feeding and parenting style data from 146 parent-child dyads (76 boys, aged 2.0-5.9 years) in the FHFK study were collected over a 12-month intervention...
November 10, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827838/the-proportion-of-anemia-associated-with-iron-deficiency-in-low-medium-and-high-human-development-index-countries-a-systematic-analysis-of-national-surveys
#11
REVIEW
Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Richard F Hurrell, Erick Boy, James P Wirth, Mourad Moursi, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner
Iron deficiency is commonly assumed to cause half of all cases of anemias, with hereditary blood disorders and infections such as hookworm and malaria being the other major causes. In countries ranked as low, medium, and high by the Human Development Index, we conducted a systematic review of nationally representative surveys that reported the prevalence of iron deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, and anemia among pre-school children and non-pregnant women of reproductive age. Using random effects meta-analyses techniques, data from 23 countries for pre-school children and non-pregnant women of reproductive age was pooled, and the proportion of anemia attributable to iron deficiency was estimated by region, inflammation exposure, anemia prevalence, and urban/rural setting...
November 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818164/comparison-of-mini-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-and-retrograde-intrarenal-surgery-in-pre-school-age-children
#12
Eyyup Sabri Pelit, Gökhan Atis, Bülent Kati, Yiğit Akin, Halil Çiftçi, Meftun Culpan, Ercan Yeni, Turhan Caskurlu
OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcomes of mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (m-PCNL) and retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in treating renal stones in preschool age children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-five patients, who were treated with m-PCNL and 32 patients, who were treated with RIRS for renal stones were compared retrospectively. The operative and post-operative outcomes of both groups were analysed retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean age and gender were similar between the groups...
November 3, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817984/-relationship-between-tobacco-consumption-and-sport-practice-among-health-and-education-science-university-students
#13
Carlos Ayán Pérez, Antonio J Molina, Verónica Varela Mato, José María Cancela Carral, Juan Pablo Barrio Lera, Vicente Martín Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and relationship between the practice of sports and smoking in university students enrolled on accredited qualifications related to health and/or education sciences. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 540 students (average age of 21.3±3.8 years; 68% women) of the University of Vigo registered in degree programs linked to health (Physical Therapy and Nursing), or education (Pre-School, Primary School and Physical Activity and Sport Sciences) who answered an "ad hoc" questionnaire relating sports practice and tobacco consumption...
November 3, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789189/co-exposure-to-non-persistent-organic-chemicals-among-american-pre-school-aged-children-a-pilot-study
#14
Antonia M Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Liza Valentin-Blasini, Zheng Li, Mary E Mortensen, Lee-Yang Wong
BACKGROUND: General population human biomonitoring programs such as the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in the United States suggest that chemical exposures are common. Exposures during childhood may affect health later in life, but biomonitoring data in NHANES among pre-school aged children are limited. METHODS: A convenience group of 122 3-5year old American boys and girls were recruited in 2013 for a pilot study to assess the feasibility of collecting urine from young children and analyzing it for select chemical exposure biomarkers for future NHANES...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786415/impact-of-integrated-child-development-scheme-on-child-malnutrition-in-west-bengal-india
#15
Arijita Dutta, Smritikana Ghosh
With child malnutrition detected as a persistent problem in most of the developing countries, public policy has been directed towards offering community-based supplementary feeding provision and nutritional information to caregivers. India, being no exception, has initiated these programs as early as 1970s under integrated child development scheme. Using propensity score matching technique on primary data of 390 households in two districts of West Bengal, an Eastern state in India, the study finds that impact of being included in the program and receiving supplementary feeding is insignificant on child stunting measures, though the program can break the intractable barriers of child stunting only when the child successfully receives not only just the supplementary feeding but also his caregiver collects crucial information on nutritional awareness and growth trajectory of the child...
October 27, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779428/neuropsychological-stimulation-of-executive-functions-in-children-with-typical-development-a-systematic-review
#16
Caroline de Oliveira Cardoso, Natália Dias, Joana Senger, Ana Paula Cervi Colling, Alessandra Gotuzo Seabra, Rochele Paz Fonseca
This systematic review aimed to characterize empirical studies on neuropsychological interventions to stimulate executive functions in children with typical development. Searches were conducted according to the PRISMA method. Nineteen (19) studies on the analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention programs in pre-school and school children were obtained. There was a predominance of studies that used computerized cognitive training, most of them involving the stimulation of working memory. Others used pen and paper forms, or hybrid tasks, and some programs used a school curriculum approach aiming to improve self-regulation...
October 25, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775290/-gastric-volvulus-as-a-cause-of-acute-abdomen-in-a-pre-school-child
#17
O Melin-Herrera, A Flores-Plascencia, A T Jaimes-Torres, E A Sánchez-Valdivieso
INTRODUCTION: Gastric volvulus is rare in the pediatric population. CLINICAL CASE: We report here a case of a patient of 5 years of age. COMMENTS: For its rarity, it requires a high degree of suspicion by the clinician, making it generally diagnosed very late which increases mortality.
January 15, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762254/determination-of-the-level-of-noise-in-nurseries-and-pre-schools-and-the-teachers-level-of-annoyance
#18
Ozan Gokdogan, Cagil Gokdogan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to determine the level of noise in nurseries and pre-schools and also to compare measured levels with standard levels and evaluate the teachers' level of annoyance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The level of noise was measured in three different schools. A total of 162 students, whose ages were between 3 and 6 years, and 12 teachers were included the study. Every age groups' level of noise was measured during sleeping, gaming, and eating activity...
September 2016: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759983/impact-of-the-two-different-iron-fortified-cookies-on-treatment-of-anemia-in-preschool-children-in-brazil
#19
Liejy Agnes Landim, Marcia Luiza Dos Santos Beserra Pessoa, Amanda de Castro Amorim Serpa Brandão, Marcelo Antonio Morgano, Marcos Antônio De Mota Araújo Marcos Antônio de Mota Araújo, Maurisrael De Moura Rocha, José Alfredo Gomes Arêas, Regilda Saraiva Dos Reis Moreira-Araújo
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional intervention in pre-school children using cookies prepared with wheat flour enriched with iron and folic acid (CWFFeFA) and cookies prepared with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) flour fortified with iron and zinc and wheat flour enriched with iron and folic acid (CCFFeZn + WFFeFA). OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the ingestion of CWFFeFA and CCFFeZn + WFFeFA by pre-school children, using the cowpea variety BRS-Xiquexique, to control iron-deficiency anaemia...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733140/cross-cultural-acceptability-and-utility-of-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-views-of-families
#20
Paula Kersten, Margaret Dudley, Shoba Nayar, Hinemoa Elder, Heather Robertson, Robyn Tauroa, Kathryn M McPherson
BACKGROUND: Screening children for behavioural difficulties requires the use of a tool that is culturally valid. We explored the cross-cultural acceptability and utility of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for pre-school children (aged 3-5) as perceived by families in New Zealand. METHODS: A qualitative interpretive descriptive study (focus groups and interviews) in which 65 participants from five key ethnic groups (New Zealand European, Māori, Pacific, Asian and other immigrant parents) took part...
October 12, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
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