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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351286/socio-economic-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-umbrella-literature-review
#1
Grainne O'Donoghue, Aileen Kennedy, Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Donatella Ciarapica, Marco Colotto, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Fiona Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Caterina Pesce, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Chantal Simon, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
BACKGROUND: To date, the scientific literature on socioeconomic correlates and determinants of physical activity behaviours has been dispersed throughout a number of systematic reviews, often focusing on one factor (e.g. education or parental income) in one specific age group (e.g. pre-school children or adults). The aim of this umbrella review is to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of the scientific literature from previously conducted research by summarising and synthesising the importance and strength of the evidence related to socioeconomic correlates and determinants of PA behaviours across the life course...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347941/a-five-year-retrospective-study-of-the-epidemiological-characteristics-and-visual-outcomes-of-pediatric-ocular-trauma
#2
Edita Puodžiuvienė, Giedrė Jokūbauskienė, Monika Vieversytė, Kirwan Asselineau
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trauma can lead to serious visual impairment as a result of the trauma itself or secondary to amblyopia. Precise data on epidemiological characteristics and visual outcomes of pediatric ocular injuries are valuable for the prevention of monocular blindness. METHODS: A total of 268 cases of pediatric ocular trauma admitted to the Department of Ophthalmology of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Hospital from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
January 18, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347919/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-schistosomiasis-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#3
Hlengiwe Sacolo, Moses Chimbari, Chester Kalinda
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis remains a global health problem with an estimated 250 million people in 78 countries infected, of whom 85% live in Sub-Saharan Africa. Preventive chemotherapy remains the key public health strategy to combat schistosomiasis worldwide. Recently the WHO emphasized on the use of integrative approaches in the control and elimination of schistosomiasis. However, a detailed understanding of sociocultural factors that may influence the uptake of the intended health activities and services is vital...
January 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336003/prevalence-of-pre-school-children-for-overweight-obesity-in-turkey
#4
Fatih Santas, Gulcan Santas
BACKGROUND: Most of the studies and interventions are targeted to address undernutrition, but childhood obesity has become a silent killer among children. Developing countries, including Turkey, could recognize the importance of the issue now and have begun to discuss the necessity of studies on this subject. Therefore, this study aims to examine the prevalence of obesity among pre-school children in Turkey. METHODS: The data source of this study is the Turkey Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS)-2013...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331618/efficacy-and-safety-of-sublingual-immunotherapy-with-dermatophagoides-farinae-drops-in-pre-school-and-school-age-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#5
L-X Tang, X-J Yang, P-P Wang, W-T Ge, J Zhang, Y-L Guo, J Lu, J Tai, Y-M Zhang, X Ni
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) have been confirmed by many studies. However, in China, the research on efficacy and safety in young and older children with allergic rhinitis (AR) is still rare. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SLIT with Dermatophagoides farinae drops in pre-school and school-age children with AR. METHODS: A total of 282 subjects aged 2-13 years with AR received a two-year course of sublingual immunotherapy along with pharmacotherapy...
January 10, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331617/asthma-predictive-index-in-relation-to-respiratory-mechanics-by-impulse-oscillometry-in-recurrent-wheezers
#6
T Arikoglu, S B Batmaz, D D Yildirim, Ö Tezol, G Bozlu, S Kuyucu
BACKGROUND: The identification of children who will have persistent asthma has become a focus of recent research. The aim of this study was to assess whether impulse oscillometry (IOS) has a diagnostic value to predict modified API (asthma predictive index) in pre-schoolers with recurrent wheezing. METHODS: Pre-school children aged 3-6 years with recurrent wheezing were enrolled. The study population was divided into two groups based on mAPI criteria. Lung function was assessed by IOS...
January 10, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331168/dietary-patterns-and-their-associations-with-home-food-availability-among-finnish-pre-school-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Henna Vepsäläinen, Liisa Korkalo, Vera Mikkilä, Reetta Lehto, Carola Ray, Kaija Nissinen, Essi Skaffari, Mikael Fogelholm, Leena Koivusilta, Eva Roos, Maijaliisa Erkkola
OBJECTIVE: To study the associations between home food availability and dietary patterns among pre-school children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in which parents of the participating children filled in an FFQ and reported how often they had certain foods in their homes. We derived dietary pattern scores using principal component analysis, and composite scores describing the availability of fruits and vegetables as well as sugar-enriched foods in the home were created for each participant...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330920/macronutrient-and-fibre-intake-of-young-spanish-children-with-reference-to-their-in-utero-growth-status-are-they-eating-a-healthy-diet
#8
Rozina Nuruddin, Mireia Urpi-Sarda, Merida Rodriguez-Lopez, Dolores Garcia-Arenas, Eduard Gratacos, Fatima Crispi, Ruthy Acosta-Rojas
AIM: To compare macronutrient and fibre intake by pre-school children born with intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) or as appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and to compare their intake with paediatric nutritional recommendations for identification of potential areas of modification during early life. METHODS: A parental 3-day dietary record was obtained for children of age 1-6 years, born at Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain (2002-2007) with IUGR (n = 37) or AGA (n = 53)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321017/influence-of-the-child-s-perceived-general-health-on-the-primary-caregiver-s-health-status
#9
Janine Verstraete, Lebogang Ramma, Jennifer Jelsma
BACKGROUND: In estimating the impact of an intervention, ignoring the effect of improving the health of one member of the caregiver/child dyad on the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of the other member may lead to an underestimation of the utility gained. This may be particularly true for infants/young children and their caregivers. The aim of this study was to quantify the interaction between the child's perceived general health as assessed by the newly developed Toddler and Infant Questionnaire (TANDI) on the reporting of the caregiver's own HRQoL as assessed by the EQ-5D-3 L...
January 10, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317179/-adaptation-and-study-of-the-measurement-properties-of-a-sleep-questionnaire-for-infants-and-pre-school-children
#10
Pia Cassanello, Ana Díez-Izquierdo, Nuria Gorina, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Jose M Martínez-Sanchez, Albert Balaguer
INTRODUCTION: Although sleep disturbances in infants and toddlers are common, there is no suitable validated tool in Spanish to evaluate sleep disorders. The Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ) is a well-established multidimensional questionnaire widely used internationally. OBJECTIVES: To adapt the BISQ questionnaire to Spanish and analyse its reliability and validity. To explore its feasibility, both in the clinical context, and in epidemiological research...
January 6, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303109/-protocols-related-to-food-allergies-and-intolerances-in-preschools-in-reykjavik-iceland
#11
Adalheidur Ran Thrastardottir, Frida Run Thordardottir, Johanna Torfadottir
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to explore prevalence of food allergies and intolerances among children in preschools in Reykjavik, Iceland. Also, to investigate how well preschools maintain a safe environment for children with food allergies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2014, a questionnaire designed specifically for this study, was sent to 65 preschools. Forty-nine participated (75%) representing a total of 4225 children. Prevalence of food allergy and intolerance was determined based on medical certificates from physi-cians delivered to the preschools...
January 2018: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301042/positive-association-between-sugar-consumption-and-dental-decay-prevalence-independent-of-oral-hygiene-in-pre-school-children-a-longitudinal-prospective-study
#12
V Skafida, S Chambers
Background: Few studies explore how the longitudinal cumulative and combined effects of dietary habits and oral hygiene habits relate to dental decay in very young children. Methods: Using longitudinal survey data, logistic regression models were specified to predict dental decay by age 5. Predictor variables included questions on diet and oral hygiene from ages 2 to 5. Results: Compared to mainly eating meals, children who snacked all day but had no real meals had a higher chance of dental decay (odds ratios (OR) = 2...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298522/is-non-linear-frequency-compression-amplification-beneficial-to-adults-and-children-with-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review
#13
Gladys Atinuke Akinseye, Ann-Marie Dickinson, Kevin J Munro
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the benefits of non-linear frequency compression (NLFC) in adults and children. DESIGN: Ten databases were searched for studies comparing the effects of NLFC and conventional processing (CP) for the period January 2008 to September 2017. STUDY SAMPLE: Twelve articles were included in this review: four adults and school-aged only, one pre-school only and three with both adults and school-aged children...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281986/preschool-children-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-a-questionnaire-based-cross-sectional-study-of-factors-related-to-the-medical-relevance-of-health-problems
#14
Grete Moth, Linda Huibers, Astrid Ovesen, Morten Bondo Christensen, Peter Vedsted
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hours primary care (OOH-PC) is intended to provide medical care services for health problems that cannot wait until normal office hours. Children under five years of age represent about 19% of all OOH-PC contacts in Denmark, and the frequency of calls assessed as severe by health professionals is markedly lower for children than for other age groups. Several studies have questioned the appropriateness of the parents' use of OOH-PC. We aimed to identify factors associated with calls from parents of pre-school children concerning perceived non-severe health problems that were ranked by the triaging GPs as more appropriate for GP office hours (defined as 'medically irrelevant')...
December 28, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278615/risk-for-speech-and-language-impairments-in-pre-school-aged-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-with-in-utero-combination-antiretroviral-exposure
#15
Mabel L Rice, Jonathan S Russell, Toni Frederick, Murli Purswani, Paige L Williams, George K Siberry, Sean M Redmond, Howard J Hoffman, Tzy-Jyun Yao
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) children have elevated risk of late language emergence at age 1 year, with possible links to in utero antiretroviral (ARV) exposure. We investigated possible risks for speech impairments (SI) and language impairments (LI) in preschool monolingual HEU children in the United States. METHODS: Speech and language assessments were conducted as part of the PHACS Surveillance Monitoring of ART Toxicities (SMARTT) study at ages 3 (N= 208) and 5 (N = 429) years...
December 22, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276870/the-long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-infants-born-full-term-with-low-birth-weight
#16
Ayşe Tosun, Börte Gürbüz-Özgür, Hatice Aksu, Münevver Kaynak-Türkmen
Tosun A, Gürbüz-Özgür B, Aksu H, Kaynak-Türkmen M. The long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants born full-term with low birth weight. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 169-176. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the neurological developments of pre-school or school-aged children together with their school successes, intelligence quotient and symptom severity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder who were born at the 37th gestational week and above with birth weights below tenth percentile, which is called small for gestational age (SGA)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275988/impact-of-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccination-programme-for-healthy-children-in-northern-ireland-a-comparison-of-seven-influenza-seasons-2010-11-2016-17
#17
Naomh Gallagher, Lucy Jessop, Muhammad Sartaj, Jillian Johnston
Seasonal influenza vaccination for healthy children was introduced in Northern Ireland in the 2013/14 flu season, with an initial pilot year involving two specific cohorts, followed by rollout to all children aged 4-11 years in subsequent seasons. This study aimed to examine the impact of that programme on the burden of flu in primary care over the study period 2010/11-2016/17. Two routine indicators were used to measure impact - GP in-hour consultations and out-of-hour calls for influenza and influenza-like-illness (ILI)...
December 21, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259562/early-adverse-caregiving-experiences-and-preschoolers-current-attachment-affect-brain-responses-during-facial-familiarity-processing-an-erp-study
#18
Melanie T Kungl, Ina Bovenschen, Gottfried Spangler
When being placed into more benign environments like foster care, children from adverse rearing backgrounds are capable of forming attachment relationships to new caregivers within the first year of placement, while certain problematic social behaviors appear to be more persistent. Assuming that early averse experiences shape neural circuits underlying social behavior, neurophysiological studies on individual differences in early social-information processing have great informative value. More precisely, ERP studies have repeatedly shown face processing to be sensitive to experience especially regarding the caregiving background...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258622/nasal-colonization-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-pattern-of-staphylococcus-aureus-among-pre-school-children-in-ethiopia
#19
Alemayehu Reta, Moges Wubie, Getnet Mekuria
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the bacterium that can asymptomatically colonize the human upper respiratory tract (i.e. nose and throat). Carriage of S. aureus, including methicillin resistant S. aureus, is common to children. The aim at this study was to determine the nasal colonization, associated factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of S. aureus isolates among pre-school children in Debre Markos town. METHODS: Institutional-based cross sectional study was conducted...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248026/prevalence-of-food-neophobia-in-pre-school-children-from-southern-poland-and-its-association-with-eating-habits-dietary-intake-and-anthropometric-parameters-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Agnieszka Kozioł-Kozakowska, Beata Piórecka, Małgorzata Schlegel-Zawadzka
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of food neophobia in pre-school children and its association with eating habits, dietary intake and anthropometric parameters. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey performed in 2012-2013. The Child Food Neophobia Scale (CFNS) adapted by Wardle, Carnell and Cooke was used to assess the level of food neophobia. Dietary intake was measured using an FFQ and dietary records from three days. Anthropometric measurements were taken to determine children's nutritional status and BMI was computed based on Polish growth charts...
December 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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