keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

gut infectious disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644096/cameroonian-fruit-bats-harbor-divergent-viruses-including-rotavirus-h-bastroviruses-and-picobirnaviruses-using-an-alternative-genetic-code
#1
Claude Kwe Yinda, Stephen Mbigha Ghogomu, Nádia Conceição-Neto, Leen Beller, Ward Deboutte, Emiel Vanhulle, Piet Maes, Marc Van Ranst, Jelle Matthijnssens
Most human emerging infectious diseases originate from wildlife and bats are a major reservoir of viruses, a few of which have been highly pathogenic to humans. In some regions of Cameroon, bats are hunted and eaten as a delicacy. This close proximity between human and bats provides ample opportunity for zoonotic events. To elucidate the viral diversity of Cameroonian fruit bats, we collected and metagenomically screened eighty-seven fecal samples of Eidolon helvum and Epomophorus gambianus fruit bats. The results showed a plethora of known and novel viruses...
January 2018: Virus Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624474/cationic-pullulan-nanogel-as-a-safe-and-effective-nasal-vaccine-delivery-system-for-respiratory-infectious-diseases
#2
Rika Nakahashi-Ouchida, Yoshikazu Yuki, Hiroshi Kiyono
The mucosal surfaces of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts are continuously exposed to countless beneficial and pathologic antigens. These mucosal surfaces are thus equipped with an immune system that is unique from those elsewhere in the body; this unique system provides the first line of immune surveillance and defense against pathogen invasion. The sophisticated immune induction machinery in the aero-digestive tract involves mucosa-associated lymphoid tissues, including nasopharyngeal- and gut-associated lymphoid tissues, for the generation of antigen-specific humoral and cellular immune responses...
April 6, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623708/-gut-microbiota-its-development-and-relation-to-certain-diseases
#3
Hana Kiňová Sepová, Boris Dudík, Andrea Bilková
Coexistence of humans with microorganisms is well known for a long time. Besides the association with infectious diseases, personal microbiota is important for human health, possibly for some non-infectious diseases. Colonization of the human body with appropriate microorganisms after delivery is essential for physiological immune system maturation and also has an influence on central nervous system development. The composition of the gut microbiota is affected by the mode of delivery, early life nutrition and last but not least by lifestyle and drug, especially antibiotics intake...
2018: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618180/comparative-analysis-of-gut-microbial-communities-in-children-under-5-years-old-with-diarrhea
#4
Hongyu Wen, Xin Yin, Zhenya Yuan, Xiuying Wang, Siting Su
Diarrhea is a global disease with the high morbidity and mortality rate in children. In this study, 25 fecal samples were collected from children under 5 years old. Seven samples have been taken from healthy children without diarrhea and marked as the healthy control group; eight samples have been sampled from the children with diarrhea caused by dyspepsia and defined as thenon-infectious group, and ten samples have been taken from children with diarrhea induced by intestinal infections and identified as the infectious group...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610580/infectious-bursal-disease-virus-inoculation-infection-modifies-campylobacter-jejuni-host-interaction-in-broilers
#5
Li Li, Colin Pielsticker, Zifeng Han, Tereza Kubasová, Ivan Rychlik, Bernd Kaspers, Silke Rautenschlein
Background: Campylobacter jejuni is considered as a chicken commensal. The gut microbiota and the immune status of the host may affect its colonization. Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is an immunosuppressive virus of chickens, which allows secondary pathogens to invade or exacerbates their pathogenesis. To investigate the effect of IBDV-induced immunosuppression on the pathogenesis of C. jejuni , broiler chickens were inoculated with a very virulent (vv) strain of IBDV at 14 days post hatch followed by C...
2018: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606258/treatment-of-iga-nephropathy-recent-advances-and-prospects
#6
REVIEW
Rosanna Coppo
IgA nephropathy, identified 50 years ago in France, is the most frequent glomerular disease worldwide. The course is variable, but in most of the cases there is a relentless decline in renal function, reaching end-stage renal failure in 10-60% of the cases after 10 years and in 40% after 20 years. These data justify the interest for finding a suitable therapeutic approach particularly in progressive cases. A supportive care, including renin-angiotensin system inhibitors is the priority in cases with slowly declining renal function, particularly when developing proteinuria...
April 2018: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587338/interpretation-of-epigenetic-epidemiology-for-allergic-diseases
#7
Jong-Myon Bae
The hygiene hypothesis (HH) proposed by Strachan in 1989 has expanded to explain an inverse association between occurrence of allergy disorders and risk of infectious diseases and parasite infestation. And the microflora hypothesis (MH) suggests that gut microbial dysbiosis on early life might trigger hypersensitivity disorders. The sharing concept of both HH and MH is gene-environment interaction, which is also a key concept of epigenetics. The amalgamation of the epidemiology and epigenetics created a science of epigenetic epidemiology...
March 10, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574296/novel-prodrug-prx-p4-003-selectively-activated-by-gut-enzymes-may-reduce-the-risk-of-iatrogenic-addiction-and-abuse
#8
Sandeep T Patil, Ron H Bihovsky, Steven A Smith, William Z Potter, Valentino J Stella
OBJECTIVES: Prescription stimulants are vulnerable to oral and parenteral abuse. Intravenous forms of abuse may be most detrimental due to an enhanced risk of dependence, overdose, and infectious diseases. Our objective was to discover an orally active prodrug of a stimulant that would not be easily converted to its parent when injected, thus hindering intravenous abuse. METHODS: Following an initial analysis of stimulant structures, the fencamfamine isomer [(-)-FCF; (N-ethyl-3-phenylbicyclo[2...
March 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573336/the-impact-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-lower-gastrointestinal-tract-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Christina Parvinder Kaur, Jamuna Vadivelu, Samudi Chandramathi
The 2016 Global Burden of Disease report by WHO revealed that diseases of the gastrointestinal tract had one of the highest incidence rates worldwide. The plethora of factors that contribute to the development of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) related illnesses can be divided into genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. Apart from that, the role that infectious agents play in the development of GIT diseases has piqued the interest of researchers worldwide. The human gut harbours approximately 101 to 1012 cfu/ml bacteria in it with increasing concentration towards the lower GIT...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572681/hiv-and-the-macrophage-from-cell-reservoirs-to-drug-delivery-to-viral-eradication
#10
REVIEW
Jonathan Herskovitz, Howard E Gendelman
Macrophages serve as host cells, inflammatory disease drivers and drug runners for human immunodeficiency virus infection and treatments. Low-level viral persistence continues in these cells in the absence of macrophage death. However, the cellular microenvironment changes as a consequence of viral infection with aberrant production of pro-inflammatory factors and promotion of oxidative stress. These herald viral spread from macrophages to neighboring CD4+ T cells and end organ damage. Virus replicates in tissue reservoir sites that include the nervous, pulmonary, cardiovascular, gut, and renal organs...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566254/new-insights-into-the-pathophysiology-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-microbiota-epigenetics-and-common-signalling-pathways
#11
Gerhard Rogler, Biedermann Luc, Michael Scharl
The exact pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is still unknown. However, over the years important insights allowed the development of novel therapeutic approaches that are at the threshold of introduction into clinical practice, or at least in clinical trials. After being first described by Burrill B. Crohn, Crohn's disease, one of the two major forms of IBD, was perceived as an infectious disease. When the concept of autoimmune diseases was formulated, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis were thought to be members of this disease group...
March 22, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552564/consumption-of-big-game-remains-by-scavengers-a-potential-risk-as-regards-disease-transmission-in-central-spain
#12
Ricardo Carrasco-Garcia, Patricia Barroso, Javier Perez-Olivares, Vidal Montoro, Joaquín Vicente
Understanding the role that facultative scavenger species may play in spreading infectious pathogens, and even becoming reservoirs for humans, domestic and wild ungulates or, on the contrary, preventing the spread of disease, requires a prior understanding of the pattern of carrion scavenging in specific scenarios. The objectives of this paper are (i) to describe the guild of vertebrate scavengers and (ii) to study the species-specific, habitat, and management-related factors involved in the usage of gut piles in South Central Spain (SCS), a tuberculosis (TB) endemic area...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543807/association-between-gastrointestinal-tract-infections-and-glycated-hemoglobin-in-school-children-of-poor-neighborhoods-in-port-elizabeth-south-africa
#13
Nan Shwe Nwe Htun, Peter Odermatt, Ivan Müller, Peiling Yap, Peter Steinmann, Christian Schindler, Markus Gerber, Rosa Du Randt, Cheryl Walter, Uwe Pühse, Jürg Utzinger, Nicole Probst-Hensch
BACKGROUND: Low- and middle-income countries are facing a dual disease burden with infectious diseases (e.g., gastrointestinal tract infections) and non-communicable diseases (e.g., diabetes) being common. For instance, chronic parasite infections lead to altered immune regulatory networks, anemia, malnutrition, and diarrhea with an associated shift in the gut microbiome. These can all be pathways of potential relevance for insulin resistance and diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between common gastrointestinal tract infections and glycemia in children from non-fee paying schools in South Africa...
March 15, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542263/how-are-the-expression-patterns-of-gut-antimicrobial-peptides-modulated-by-human-gastrointestinal-diseases-a-bridge-between-infectious-inflammatory-and-malignant-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Paulo André Dias Bastos, Lúcio Lara Santos, Rui Miguel Pinheiro Vitorino
The human gut barrier is the tissue exposed to the highest load of microorganisms, harbouring 100 trillion bacteria. In addition, the gut's renewal rate outruns that of any other human tissue. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are highly optimized defense molecules in the intestinal barrier optimized to maintain gastrointestinal homeostasis. Alterations in AMPs activity can lead to or result from human gastrointestinal diseases. In this review, unique, conserved, or otherwise regular alterations in the expression patterns of human AMPs across gastrointestinal inflammatory and infectious diseases were analyzed for pattern elucidation...
March 2018: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532377/the-use-of-probiotics-as-eco-friendly-alternatives-for-antibiotics-in-poultry-nutrition
#15
Mahmoud Alagawany, Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Mayada R Farag, Swati Sachan, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama
Antibiotics as growth promoters in poultry have been used for long time for improving feed efficiency and performance. Due to their various side-effects such as antibiotic resistance, destruction of beneficial bacteria in the gut, and dysbiosis, it is required to think about some alternatives. Probiotics are one of the options in this regard for improving poultry production. Probiotics are defined as "live microorganisms that, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host." They are available in various forms for use as feed additives...
March 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520341/influence-of-novel-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-a-h5n1-virus-infection-on-migrating-whooper-swans-fecal-microbiota
#16
Na Zhao, Supen Wang, Hongyi Li, Shelan Liu, Meng Li, Jing Luo, Wen Su, Hongxuan He
The migration of wild birds plays an important role in the transmission and spread of H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus, posing a severe risk to animal and human health. Substantial evidence suggests that altered gut microbial community is implicated in the infection of respiratory influenza virus. However, the influence of H5N1 infection in gut microbiota of migratory birds remains unknown. In January 2015, a novel recombinant H5N1 virus emerged and killed about 100 migratory birds, mainly including whooper swans in Sanmenxia Reservoir Area of China...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515567/interorgan-molecular-communication-strategies-of-local-and-systemic-innate-immune-responses-in-mosquito-anopheles-stephensi
#17
Tanwee Das De, Punita Sharma, Tina Thomas, Deepak Singla, Sanjay Tevatiya, Seena Kumari, Charu Chauhan, Jyoti Rani, Vartika Srivastava, Ramandeep Kaur, Kailash C Pandey, Rajnikant Dixit
Mosquitoes that transmit many deadly infectious diseases also need to keep fighting against many microbial infections. Constitutive expression of multiple antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in almost all body tissues is believed to facilitate the effective management of these local infections. When any infection breaches the local barrier, AMPs are induced rapidly in non-target tissues such as hemocytes (HCs) and establish their co-ordination with systemic immune effectors to clear off the body infection. But how interorgan immune communication is managed during local and systemic infections remain largely unknown...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514667/bacillus-subtilis-spore-with-surface-display-of-paramyosin-from-clonorchis-sinensis-potentializes-a-promising-oral-vaccine-candidate
#18
Hengchang Sun, Zhipeng Lin, Lu Zhao, Tingjin Chen, Mei Shang, Hongye Jiang, Zeli Tang, Xinyi Zhou, Mengchen Shi, Lina Zhou, Pengli Ren, Honglin Qu, Jinsi Lin, Xuerong Li, Jin Xu, Yan Huang, Xinbing Yu
BACKGROUND: Clonorchiasis caused by Clonorchis sinensis has become increasingly prevalent in recent years. Effective prevention strategies are urgently needed to control this food-borne infectious disease. Previous studies indicated that paramyosin of C. sinensis (CsPmy) is a potential vaccine candidate. METHODS: We constructed a recombinant plasmid of PEB03-CotC-CsPmy, transformed it into Bacillus subtilis WB600 strain (B.s-CotC-CsPmy), and confirmed CsPmy expression on the spore surface by SDS-PAGE, Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay...
March 7, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486574/the-three-amigos-lurking-behind-type-1-diabetes-hygiene-gut-microbiota-and-viruses
#19
Odin Andreas Johan Jakobsen, Laszlo Szereday
Incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is on the rise and yet, despite decades of research, the exact ethology of the disease still remains a mystery. The autoimmune reaction, which ultimately leads to the destruction of pancreatic beta cells, causing insulin deficiency and T1D, is a result of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors. Precisely, what are these environmental factors? Current popular opinion implies these pathogens, such as viruses, especially human enteroviruses, are a triggering factor...
February 28, 2018: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483125/treatment-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-with-a-small-molecule-inhibitor-of-toxin-udp-glucose-hydrolysis-activity
#20
Ilana L Stroke, Jeffrey J Letourneau, Teresa E Miller, Yan Xu, Igor Pechik, Diana R Savoly, Linh Ma, Laurie J Sturzenbecker, Joan Sabalski, Philip D Stein, Maria L Webb, David W Hilbert
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the leading cause of hospital-acquired infectious diarrhea, with significant morbidity, mortality and associated healthcare costs. The major risk factor for CDI is antimicrobial therapy, which disrupts the normal gut microbiota and allows C. difficile to flourish. Treatment of CDI with antimicrobials is generally effective in the short-term, but recurrent infections are frequent and problematic, indicating that improved treatment options are necessary. Symptoms of disease are largely due to two homologous toxins, TcdA and TcdB, which are glucosyltransferases that inhibit host Rho GTPases...
February 26, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
keyword
keyword
81777
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"