Read by QxMD icon Read

Marek's disease

Andrzej Miskiewicz, Grzegorz Szparecki, Marek Durlik, Grażyna Rydzewska, Ireneusz Ziobrowski, Renata Górska
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a major risk factor of systemic diseases with inflammatory etiology. Numerous studies have established the connection between periodontal condition and diabetes, but there are no reports in the literature on the relationship between periodontitis and other pancreas conditions. The activity of pancreatic enzymes is an important parameter of pancreatic damage, and is also a diagnostic marker of acute and chronic pancreatitis, and the bleeding index determines the periodontitis activity...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Zuzanna Podemska-Jedrzejczak, Agnieszka Malinska, Patrycja Sujka-Kordowska, Michal Nowicki, Mateusz Puslecki, Marek Jemielity, Bartlomiej Perek
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family of peptides and caveolins (CAVs) are reported to contribute, in early graft failure in patients, a coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). To investigate the possible association of ultimate luminal occlusion to VEGFs and CAVs expression, a functional analysis (based on the molecular biology, bioinformatics, histology, and clinical studies) was performed. Twenty-four hundred and sixty-eight CABG patients diagnosed with multivessel stable coronary artery disease (CAD) were enrolled into prospective study and assigned to two subgroups: double- and triple-vessel CAD subjects...
March 20, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Mirosław Andrusiewicz, Agata Czarnywojtek, Joanna Waligórska-Stachura, Maciej Biczysko, Jerzy Skrobisz, Jerzy Sowiński, Marek Ruchała
Purpose: Our aim was to analyze NAMPT expression in thyroid tissue derived from patients with Graves' disease with (GD) and without (GO) orbitopathy, patients with toxic nodular goiters (TNG) and thyroid cancers (TC), and healthy controls. Methods: 153 thyroid tissue samples of consecutive patients who underwent thyroidectomy were collected. Previous therapy with steroids was an exclusion criterion. We collected clinicopathological data of all subjects and we assessed NAMPT expression using qPCR...
2018: BioMed Research International
Husnain Ahmed, Jody Mays, Matti Kiupel, John R Dunn
A variety of techniques have been developed as diagnostic tools for the differential diagnosis of tumours produced by Marek's disease virus (MDV) from those induced by avian leukosis virus (ALV) and reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV). However, most current techniques are unreliable when used in formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissues, which many times is the only sample type available for definitive diagnosis. A collection of tumours was generated by the inoculation of different strains of MDV, REV or ALV singularly or in combination...
March 13, 2018: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
Ralph A H Stewart, Dominika Szalewska, Amanda Stebbins, Hussein R Al-Khalidi, John G H Cleland, Andrzej Rynkiewicz, Mark H Drazner, Harvey D White, Daniel B Mark, Ambuj Roy, Dragana Kosevic, Miroslaw Rajda, Marek Jasinski, Chua Yeow Leng, Wiwun Tungsubutra, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, Eric J Velazquez, Mark C Petrie
Background: In patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) may decrease mortality, but it is not known whether CABG improves functional capacity. Objective: To determine whether CABG compared with medical therapy alone (MED) increases 6 min walk distance in patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction and coronary artery disease amenable to revascularisation. Methods: The Surgical Treatment in Ischemic Heart disease trial randomised 1212 patients with ischaemic left ventricular dysfunction to CABG or MED...
2018: Open Heart
Marek Bajda, Kamil Łątka, Michalina Hebda, Jakub Jończyk, Barbara Malawska
Selective butyrylcholinesterase inhibitors could be the promising drug candidates, used in treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The study describes the synthesis and biological activity of novel carbamate derivatives with N-phenylpiperazine, N-benzylpiperazine and 4-benzylpiperidine moieties. Biological studies revealed that most of these compounds displayed significant activity against BuChE. Compound 16 (3-(4-phenyl-piperazin-1-ylmethyl)-phenyl phenylcarbamate) turned out to be the most active (IC50  = 2...
March 3, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Marek J Noga, Ronald Zielman, Robin M van Dongen, Sabine Bos, Amy Harms, Gisela M Terwindt, Arn M J M van den Maagdenberg, Thomas Hankemeier, Michel D Ferrari
Introduction: Metabolic profiling of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a promising technique for studying brain diseases. Measurements should reflect the in vivo situation, so ex vivo metabolism should be avoided. Objective: To investigate the effects of temperature (room temperature vs. 4 °C), centrifugation and ethanol, as anti-enzymatic additive during CSF sampling on concentrations of glutamic acid, glutamine and other endogenous amines. Methods: CSF samples from 21 individuals were processed using five different protocols...
2018: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
Katarzyna Kapelko-Słowik, Mirosław Słowik, Marek Szaliński, Jarosław Dybko, Dariusz Wołowiec, Iwona Prajs, Anna Bohdanowicz-Pawlak, Monika Biernat, Donata Urbaniak-Kujda
BACKGROUND: Graves' orbitopathy (GO), also known as thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy, is characterized by dramatic tissue reactivity. Both inflammation and tissue remodeling characterize the clinical course of GO. Some data has been found regarding the association of MMPs and TIMPs in GO. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serum concentrations of MMP-9, MMP-2, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 were determined by ELISA method. OBJECTIVES: Forty-eight patients (34 females, 14 males, with median age 51...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Małgorzata Janeczko-Czarnecka, Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak, Irena Karpińska-Derda, Maciej Niedźwiecki, Katarzyna Musioł, Magdalena Ćwiklińska, Katarzyna Drabko, Katarzyna Mycko, Tomasz Ociepa, Katarzyna Pawelec, Danuta Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, Marek Ussowicz, Blanka Rybka, Renata Ryczan-Krawczyk, Andrzej Kołtan, Grażyna Karolczyk, Agnieszka Zaucha-Prażmo, Wanda Badowska, Krzysztof Kałwak
BACKGROUND: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) constitutes only 2-3% of all leukemias in pediatric patients. Philapelphia chromosome and BCR-ABL fusion are genetic hallmarks of CML, and their presence is crucial for targeted molecular therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), which replaced hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) as a standard first-line therapy. The disease in pediatric population is rare, and despite molecular and clinical similarities to CML in adults, different approach is needed, due to the long lifetime expectancy and distinct developmental characteristics of affected children...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Martyna Tomczyk-Socha, Hanna Sikorska-Szaflik, Marek Frankowski, Karolina Andrzejewska, Agnieszka Odziomek, Magdalena Szmyrka
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with varied clinical manifestations, which creates difficulties and delays in establishing a diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and nature of the clinical symptoms of SLE, both at the onset of the disease and in its further course. An attempt to assess the immunological characteristics of the patients and to analyze autoantibodies variability over time was also made...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Joanna Jung, Paul Eggleton, Alison Robinson, Jessica Wang, Nick Gutowski, Janet Holley, Jia Newcombe, Elzbieta Dudek, Amber M Paul, Douglas Zochodne, Allison Kraus, Christopher Power, Luis B Agellon, Marek Michalak
In multiple sclerosis (MS), a demyelinating inflammatory disease of the CNS, and its animal model (experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis; EAE), circulating immune cells gain access to the CNS across the blood-brain barrier to cause inflammation, myelin destruction, and neuronal damage. Here, we discovered that calnexin, an ER chaperone, is highly abundant in human brain endothelial cells of MS patients. Conversely, mice lacking calnexin exhibited resistance to EAE induction, no evidence of immune cell infiltration into the CNS, and no induction of inflammation markers within the CNS...
March 8, 2018: JCI Insight
Paraskevi Xepapadaki, Claus Bachert, Susetta Finotto, Tuomas Jartti, George N Konstantinou, Alexander Kiefer, Marek Kowalski, Anna Lewandowska-Polak, Heikki Lukkarinen, Eirini Roumpedaki, Anna Sobanska, Ina Sintobin, Tytti Vuorinen, Nan Zhang, Theodor Zimmermann, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: The PreDicta cohort was designed to prospectively evaluate wheeze/asthma persistence in preschoolers in association to viral/microbial exposures and immunological responses. We present the cohort design, demographic/disease characteristics and evaluate unsupervised and predefined phenotypic subgroups at inclusion. METHODS: PreDicta is a 2-year prospective study conducted in five European regions, including children 4-6 years with a diagnosis of asthma as cases and healthy age-matched controls...
March 7, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Łukasz Lewicki, Janusz Siebert, Tomasz Koliński, Karolina Piekarska, Magdalena Reiwer-Gostomska, Radosław Targoński, Piotr Trzonkowski, Natalia Marek-Trzonkowska
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) affects milions of people and can result in myocardial infarction (MI). Previously, mast cells (MC) have been extensively investigated in the context of hypersensitivity, however as regulators of the local inflammatory response they can potentially contribute to CAD and/or its progression. The aim of the study was to assess if serum concentration of MC proteases: carboxypeptidase A3, cathepsin G and chymase 1 is associated with the extension of CAD and MI...
March 7, 2018: Cardiology Journal
Bogusław Nedoszytko, Magdalena Lange, Małgorzata Sokołowska-Wojdyło, Joanna Renke, Piotr Trzonkowski, Michał Sobjanek, Aneta Szczerkowska-Dobosz, Marek Niedoszytko, Aleksandra Górska, Jan Romantowski, Justyna Czarny, Jarosław Skokowski, Leszek Kalinowski, Roman Nowicki
Regulatory FOXP3+ T cells (Tregs) constitute 5% to 10% of T cells in the normal human skin. They play an important role in the induction and maintenance of immunological tolerance. The suppressive effects of these cells are exerted by various mechanisms including the direct cytotoxic effect, anti-inflammatory cytokines, metabolic disruption, and modulation of the dendritic cells function. The deficiency of Treg cells number or function are one of the basic elements of the pathogenesis of many skin diseases, such as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, bacterial and viral infections...
October 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Agata Czarnywojtek, Nadia Sawicka-Gutaj, Izabela Miechowicz, Magdalena Borowska, Kosma Woliński, Maria Teresa Płazińska, Ariadna Zybek-Kocik, Ewa Straburzyńska-Migaj, Małgorzata Zgorzalewicz-Stachowiak, Aleksandra Hernik, Ewelina Szczepanek-Parulska, Marek Ruchała
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases constitute a major cause of health problems and death in developed countries across the world. The increased value of the index of distribution of red blood cells volume (RDW) may be a prognostic marker in patients diagnosed with chronic heart failure (CHF). Hypothyroid patients present higher RDW values if compared to healthy controls. Taking into consideration that RDW might be both affected by thyroid status and CHF, we decided to determine the effect of concomitant hypothyroidism following radioiodine therapy (RIT) and CHF on hematological parameters...
March 5, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
Marta Fichna, Magdalena Żurawek, Bartłomiej Budny, Hanna Komarowska, Elżbieta Niechciał, Piotr Fichna, Marek Ruchała
INTRODUCTION    RANTES (Regulated on Activation, Normal T-cell Expressed and Secreted) chemokine, the product of CCL5 gene, is involved in trafficking immune cells into the inflammation site. It acts as co-activator of T cells and promotes polarization of the immune response towards the Th1 profile. In autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD) adrenal cortex is gradually destroyed by adrenal-specific immune cell infiltration. RANTES might be implicated in autoimmune adrenal failure through recruitment and activation of the immune cells...
March 2, 2018: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
Peter Smielewski, Luzius Steiner, Corina Puppo, Karol Budohoski, Georgios V Varsos, Marek Czosnyka
OBJECTIVE: Brain arterial critical closing pressure (CrCP) has been studied in several diseases such as traumatic brain injury (TBI), subarachnoid haemorrhage, hydrocephalus, and in various physiological scenarios: intracranial hypertension, decreased cerebral perfusion pressure, hypercapnia, etc. Little or nothing so far has been demonstrated to characterise change in CrCP during mild hypocapnia. METHOD: We retrospectively analysed recordings of intracranial pressure (ICP), arterial blood pressure (ABP) and blood flow velocity from 27 severe TBI patients (mean 39...
2018: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Joseph Donnelly, Marek Czosnyka, Spencer Harland, Georgios V Varsos, Danilo Cardim, Chiara Robba, Xiuyun Liu, Philip N Ainslie, Peter Smielewski
OBJECTIVES: Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) is a pathological feature of many neurological diseases; however, the local and systemic sequelae of raised ICP are incompletely understood. Using an experimental paradigm, we aimed to describe the cerebrovascular consequences of acute increases in ICP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed cerebral haemodynamics [mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), ICP, laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF), basilar artery Doppler flow velocity (Fv) and estimated vascular wall tension (WT)] in 27 basilar artery-dependent rabbits during experimental (artificial lumbar CSF infusion) intracranial hypertension...
2018: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Marek Jasinski
We present a modified bicuspid aortic valve reimplantation operation using a unique technique of second line, continuous suturing during implantation of the aortic valve scallop to the prosthesis that mimics stentless, minicylinder implantation.  The feasibility of bicuspid aortic valve repair with associated aortic root management has been demonstrated. However, this repair seems to be less durable than tricuspid aortic valve repair, and this may be partly because of the connective tissue disorders that are an inherent feature of bicuspid aortic valve disease...
February 12, 2018: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
Iddo Vardi, Ortal Barel, Michal Sperber, Michael Schvimer, Moran Nunberg, Michael Field, Jodie Ouahed, Dina Marek-Yagel, Lael Werner, Yael Haberman, Avishay Lahad, Yair Anikster, Gideon Rechavi, Iris Barshack, Joshua J McElwee, Joseph Maranville, Raz Somech, Scott B Snapper, Batia Weiss, Dror S Shouval
BACKGROUND: Advances in genomics have facilitated the discovery of monogenic disorders in patients with unique gastro-intestinal phenotypes. Syndromic diarrhea, also called tricho-hepato-enteric (THE) syndrome, results from deleterious mutations in SKIV2L or TTC37 genes. The main features of this disorder are intractable diarrhea, abnormal hair, facial dysmorphism, immunodeficiency and liver disease. AIM: To report on a patient with THE syndrome and present the genetic analysis that facilitated diagnosis...
February 26, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"