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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822870/maternal-obesity-and-attention-related-symptoms-in-the-preterm-offspring
#1
Jelske W van der Burg, Elizabeth T Jensen, Margot van de Bor, Robert M Joseph, T Michael O'Shea, Karl Kuban, Elizabeth N Allred, Megan Scott, Scott Hunter, Stephen R Hooper, Olaf Dammann, Alan Leviton
BACKGROUND: Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity, in term-born children, is associated with an increased risk of attention problems, however this relationship has not been explored among children born extremely preterm. AIM: To estimate the risk of attention problems at age 10years in children born very preterm to overweight (i.e., body mass index (BMI) 25-29kg/m(2)) and obese (i.e., BMI≥30kg/m(2)) women relative to the risk among children born to women who were neither overweight nor obese (i...
August 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822857/exploring-associations-of-clinical-and-social-parameters-with-violent-behaviors-among-psychiatric-patients
#2
Hong-Jie Dai, Emily Chia-Yu Su, Mohy Uddin, Jitendra Jonnagaddala, Chi-Shin Wu, Shabbir Syed-Abdul
Evidence has revealed interesting associations of clinical and social parameters with violent behaviors of patients with psychiatric disorders. Men are more violent preceding and during hospitalization, whereas women are more violent than men throughout the 3 days following a hospital admission. It has also been proven that mental disorders may be a consistent risk factor for the occurrence of violence. In order to better understand violent behaviors of patients with psychiatric disorders, it is important to investigate both the clinical symptoms and psychosocial factors that accompany violence in these patients...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822322/caffeine-s-influence-on-gambling-behavior-and-other-types-of-impulsivity
#3
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a developmental period frequently associated with occurrence of impulsive behaviors including gambling. It is estimated that 73% of children and 87% of adults in the United States regularly use caffeine. Questions remain, however, concerning the role of caffeine in the development and maintenance of impulsive behaviors such as gambling. METHODS: Sixty-one young adults with at least some degree of disordered gambling were recruited from two Mid-Western university communities in the United States using media advertisements...
August 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821923/ankg-hemizygous-mice-present-cognitive-impairment-and-elevated-anxiety-depressive-like-traits-associated-with-decreased-expression-of-gaba-receptors-and-postsynaptic-density-protein
#4
Cui Liu, Ling Zhang, Jie Wu, Xiaolong Sui, Yanfeng Xu, Lan Huang, Yunlin Han, Hua Zhu, Yanhong Li, Xiuping Sun, Chuan Qin
Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of patient populations and genetic linkage assessments have demonstrated that the ankyrin-G (AnkG) gene is involved in neuropsychiatric disorders, including bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and Alzheimer's disease, but it remains unclear how the genetic variants of AnkG contribute to neuropsychiatric disorders. Here, we generated AnkG hemizygous mice using the gene trapping approach. Homozygous AnkG was embryonically lethal. Western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assessments of wild type (WT) and AnkG (+/-) mutant mice demonstrated a 50% reduction of ANKG levels, at the gene and protein levels, in AnkG hemizygous mice...
August 18, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821294/understanding-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-from-the-patient-perspective-a-concept-elicitation-patient-interview-study
#5
Mona L Martin, Katarina Halling, Daniel Eek, Meaghan Krohe, Jean Paty
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the need for a new disease-specific patient reported outcome (PRO) measure for use in clinical trials of drugs designed to target the underlying causes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and in the process contribute to our understanding of the symptoms and impacts that define the patient experience with PCOS. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in 20 women diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria who had not menstruated in the previous month...
August 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820661/impact-of-a-sleep-course-on-sleep-mood-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-college-students-a-pilot-study
#6
Argelinda Baroni, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Christina A Di Bartolo, Adam Ciarleglio, Jess P Shatkin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a sleep course on sleep-related behaviors, mood, and anxiety in college students. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 145 students enrolled in either the sleep course (n = 70) or a psychology course (n = 75); data were collected in September 2014, November 2014, and February 2015. METHODS: Sleep characteristics and symptoms of depression and anxiety were assessed using validated questionnaires and sleep logs...
August 18, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820510/implementation-and-use-of-a-patient-symptom-diary-during-chemotherapy-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-nurse-perspective
#7
Annemarie Coolbrandt, Erika Bruyninckx, Chris Verslype, Ester Steffens, Ellen Vanhove, Hans Wildiers, Koen Milisen
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To gain a deeper understanding of nurses' experience working with a patient diary for tracking and treating side effects during chemotherapy.
. DESIGN: A mixed-methods design was used to learn about oncology nurses' use and perceptions of a symptom diary. 
. SETTING: Six oncology wards and two outpatient clinics at the University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium.
. SAMPLE: 79 nurses completed a survey, and 14 nurses participated in focus group discussions...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#8
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819814/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-ibs-how-useful-how-often-and-how-does-it-work
#9
REVIEW
Christopher D Radziwon, Jeffrey M Lackner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While dietary and medical treatments are beneficial for specific GI symptoms for some IBS patients, they have an unsatisfactory track record for the full range of GI symptoms for more severe patients. A number of psychological interventions have been developed over the past two decades to help patients' self-manage symptoms. This review discusses the last 5 years of research on psychological treatments, with a focus on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and hypnosis...
August 17, 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819758/an-in-silico-biomechanical-analysis-of-the-stent-esophagus-interaction
#10
Mathias Peirlinck, Nic Debusschere, Francesco Iannaccone, Peter D Siersema, Benedict Verhegghe, Patrick Segers, Matthieu De Beule
Despite all technological innovations in esophageal stent design over the past 20 years, the association between the stent design's mechanical behavior and its effect on the clinical outcome has not yet been thoroughly explored. A parametric numerical model of a commercially available esophageal bioresorbable polymeric braided wire stent is set up, accounting for stent design aspects such as braiding angle, strut material, wire thickness, degradation and friction between the wires comprising a predictive tool on the device's mechanical behavior...
August 17, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819132/treatment-associated-changes-of-functional-connectivity-of-midbrain-brainstem-nuclei-in-major-depressive-disorder
#11
Gerd Wagner, Feliberto de la Cruz, Stefanie Köhler, Karl-Jürgen Bär
Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies demonstrated an abnormally coordinated network functioning in Major Depression Disorder (MDD) during rest. The main monoamine-producing nuclei within midbrain/brainstem are functionally integrated within these specific networks. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) of these nuclei in 45 MDD patients and differences between patients receiving two different classes of antidepressant drugs. Patients showed reduced RSFC from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) to dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) and stronger RSFC to the left amygdala and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818817/insights-from-flutracking-thirteen-tips-to-growing-a-web-based-participatory-surveillance-system
#12
Craig Dalton, Sandra Carlson, Michelle Butler, Daniel Cassano, Stephen Clarke, John Fejsa, David Durrheim
Flutracking is a weekly Web-based survey of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Australia that has grown from 400 participants in 2006 to over 26,000 participants every week in 2016. Flutracking monitors both the transmission and severity of ILI across Australia by documenting symptoms (cough, fever, and sore throat), time off work or normal duties, influenza vaccination status, laboratory testing for influenza, and health seeking behavior. Recruitment of Flutrackers commenced via health department and other organizational email systems, and then gradually incorporated social media promotion and invitations from existing Flutrackers to friends to enhance participation...
August 17, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818611/teasing-as-a-risk-factor-for-abnormal-eating-behaviours-a-prospective-study-in-an-adolescent-population
#13
Javier Plumed, Natalia Gimeno, María Barberá, Elías Ruiz, Llanos Conesa, Luis Miguel Rojo-Bofill, Lorenzo Livianos, Luis Rojo
INTRODUCTION: There are discrepancies in the literature about the role of teasing in the onset of eating pathology. This article aims to establish the influence of teasing in abnormal eating behaviors and attitudes in the adolescent population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a two-year prospective study conducted in 7,167 adolescents between 13 and 15 years of age. In a first assessment, teasing about weight and teasing about abilities were measured by means of the POTS...
August 14, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818479/a-structured-assessment-of-motor-function-behavior-and-communication-in-patients-with-wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome
#14
Heidi E Nag, David K Bergsaker, Bente S Hunn, Susanne Schmidt, Lise B Hoxmark
The present study aimed to increase the knowledge about Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS), especially concerning motor function, autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and adapted behavior, but also regarding clinical symptoms in general. Motor function was evaluated via systematic observation. Standardized assessments such as the Vineland Adapted Behavior Scales II (VABS II), the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ), and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) or Adult Behavior Checklist (ABCL) were used for the behavioral assessment...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818421/erbb-signaling-antagonist-ameliorates-behavioral-deficit-induced-by-phencyclidine-pcp-in-mice-without-affecting-metabolic-syndrome-markers
#15
Hagar Tadmor, Idit Golani, Ravid Doron, Ilana Kremer, Alon Shamir
Schizophrenia is a severe syndrome that affects about 1% of the world population. Since the mid-1950s, antipsychotics have been used to treat schizophrenia with preference for treating positive symptoms; however, their tolerance level is low, there are numerous side effects, and only some patients respond to the treatment. Antipsychotic medications that are more effective, better tolerated, and with fewer adverse effects are urgently needed. Given the accumulating evidence of the role filled by the ErbB signaling network in the biology of the dopamine, GABA, and glutamate systems, and in the etiology of schizophrenia, we hypothesized that the ErbB network is a candidate for development of a novel agent through which various symptoms of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders might be treated...
August 14, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818020/preserving-self-theorizing-the-social-and-psychological-processes-of-living-with-parkinson-disease
#16
Terrie Vann-Ward, Janice M Morse, Kathy Charmaz
The purpose of this constructivist grounded theory article is to identify, explore, and theorize the social and psychological processes used by people with Parkinson disease. Analytic procedures generated the five-stage theory of Preserving self of people with Parkinson disease: (a) making sense of symptoms, (b) defining turning points, (c) experiencing identity dilemmas, (d) reconnecting the self, and (e) envisioning a future. Reminders of former selves and capabilities were painful; participants desperately sought normalcy...
June 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818002/green-care-as-psychosocial-intervention-for-depressive-symptoms-what-might-be-the-key-ingredients
#17
Rebecca E Salomon, Alison D Salomon, Linda S Beeber
BACKGROUND: Green care is an umbrella term for psychosocial interventions that integrate biotic and abiotic elements of nature to promote an individual's health and well-being. Green care decreases depressive symptoms but the parts of the interventions that lead to this effect are unknown. OBJECTIVES: Review of literature to evaluate perceived social support, behavioral activation, and self-efficacy as key ingredients to decrease depressive symptoms in psychosocial interventions and extrapolate those mediators, or key ingredients, to green care...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817953/the-evidence-base-for-interventions-targeting-individuals-with-work-related-ptsd-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#18
Iris Torchalla, Verena Strehlau
The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence base for interventions targeting individuals with work-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to make recommendations for clinicians and administrative decision makers involved in their rehabilitation, and to guide future research in this area. Particular attention was given to studies that were conducted in naturalistic clinical settings or in a workers' compensation claim context. Electronic searches of Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, PILOTS, and EMBASE identified 11 articles...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817944/tracking-brain-development-and-dimensional-psychiatric-symptoms-in-children-a-longitudinal-population-based-neuroimaging-study
#19
Ryan L Muetzel, Laura M E Blanken, Jan van der Ende, Hanan El Marroun, Philip Shaw, Gustavo Sudre, Aad van der Lugt, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier, Tonya White
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatric symptomatology during childhood predicts persistent mental illness later in life. While neuroimaging methodologies are routinely applied cross-sectionally to the study of child and adolescent psychopathology, the nature of the relationship between childhood symptoms and the underlying neurodevelopmental processes remains unclear. The authors used a prospective population-based cohort to delineate the longitudinal relationship between childhood psychiatric problems and brain development...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817567/accounting-for-biotic-spatial-variability-in-fields-case-of-resistance-screening-against-sunflower-verticillium-wilt
#20
Hélène Missonnier, Alban Jacques, JiSu Bang, Jean Daydé, Virginie Mirleau-Thebaud
In breeding for disease resistance, the magnitude of the genetic response is difficult to appreciate because of environmental stresses that interact with the plant genotype. We discuss herein the fundamental problems in breeding for disease resistance with the aim being to better understand the interactions between plant, pathogen, and spatial patterns. The goal of this study is to fine tune breeding decisions by incorporating spatial patterns of such biotic factors into the definition of disease-occurrence probability...
2017: PloS One
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