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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245090/psychological-distress-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-among-university-students-in-contemporary-china
#1
Fang Tang, Majella Byrne, Ping Qin
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and suicidal behavior are important mental health problems among university students and warrant research to inform strategies for effective prevention in this young population. The present study aimed to assess psychological distress and suicidal behavior and to unravel their associations among university students. METHODS: A total of 5972 undergraduate students, randomly selected from six universities in central China, comprised the sample...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245045/relations-between-problem-behaviors-perceived-symptom-severity-and-parenting-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-with-asd-the-mediating-role-of-parental-psychological-need-frustration
#2
Lisa M Dieleman, Sarah S W De Pauw, Bart Soenens, Elien Mabbe, Rachel Campbell, Peter Prinzie
Research in parents of youngsters with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) increasingly documents associations between children's problem behaviors and symptom severity and more dysfunctional and less adaptive parenting behaviors. However, the mechanisms underlying these associations have not been examined thoroughly. This study examines the mediating role of parental need frustration in the relation between child maladjustment (i.e., problem behavior and autism severity) and parenting behavior (i.e., controlling and autonomy-supportive parenting)...
December 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245042/is-the-diagnostic-threshold-for-bulimia-nervosa-clinically-meaningful
#3
Danielle A N Chapa, Brittany K Bohrer, Kelsie T Forbush
The DSM-5 differentiates full- and sub-threshold bulimia nervosa (BN) according to average weekly frequencies of binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behaviors. This study was the first to evaluate the modified frequency criterion for BN published in the DSM-5. The purpose of this study was to test whether community-recruited adults (N=125; 83.2% women) with current full-threshold (n=77) or sub-threshold BN (n=48) differed in comorbid psychopathology and eating disorder (ED) illness duration, symptom severity, and clinical impairment...
December 8, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244996/health-seeking-behavior-and-barriers-to-care-in-patients-with-rectal-bleeding-in-nigeria
#4
Olusegun I Alatise, Sara E Fischer, Omobolaji O Ayandipo, Akinlolu G Omisore, Samuel A Olatoke, T Peter Kingham
Purpose Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence rates are steadily increasing in Nigeria. Organized screening is still largely unused because of financial and logistical barriers; most CRCs are detected by symptoms. One symptom of CRC is rectal bleeding. This study sought to determine health-seeking behavior and barriers to care in patients with rectal bleeding in Nigeria. This study also surveyed physicians to determine major breakdowns in access to care. Methods The recruitment process for this study involved patients referred for colonoscopy because of rectal bleeding as well as response to a media advertisement for a free colonoscopy...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244062/longitudinal-course-and-predictors-of-apathetic-symptoms-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Annabelle Arnould, Lucien Rochat, Philippe Azouvi, Martial Van der Linden
Objectives: Apathy is one of the most common behavioral symptoms encountered after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, very little is known about the longitudinal course and predictors of apathetic manifestations. The aims of the present study were to examine how apathy changes and the predictive value of cognitive factors (memory, attention/executive mechanisms, and multitasking) and personal identity factors (self-esteem and self-efficacy beliefs) for apathy over a period of 10 months...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243874/emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#6
André B Rietman, Thijs van der Vaart, Ellen Plasschaert, Bethany A Nicholson, Rianne Oostenbrink, Lianne C Krab, Mie-Jef Descheemaeker, Marie-Claire Y de Wit, Henriëtte A Moll, Eric Legius, Pieter F A de Nijs
To assess emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents with neurofibromatosis type 1,parents of 183 individuals aged 10.8 ± 3.1 years (range 6-17) completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Also, 173 teachers completed the Teacher's Report Form (TRF), and 88 adolescents (children from 11 to 17 years) completed the Youth Self-Report (YSR). According to parental ratings, 32% scored in the clinical range (above the 90th percentile). This percentage was much lower when rated by teachers or adolescents themselves...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243531/impact-of-reward-and-loss-anticipation-on-cognitive-control-an-event-related-potential-study-in-subjects-with-schizophrenia-and-healthy-controls
#7
Annarita Vignapiano, Armida Mucci, Eleonora Merlotti, Giulia Maria Giordano, Antonella Amodio, Davide Palumbo, Silvana Galderisi
INTRODUCTION: Deficits of cognitive functions and motivation are core aspects of schizophrenia. The interaction of these deficits might contribute to impair the ability to flexibly adjust behavior in accordance with one's intentions and goals. Many studies have focused on the anterior N2 as a correlate of cognitive control based on motivational value. AIMS: Given the key role of motivation impairment in schizophrenia as a predictor of functional outcome, we aimed to study the impact of reward- and avoidance-based motivation on cognitive control using N2...
January 2018: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243526/relationship-between-persistent-negative-symptoms-and-findings-of-neurocognition-and-neuroimaging-in-schizophrenia
#8
Ezgi İnce, Alp Üçok
Negative symptoms are defined as loss or reduction of otherwise present behaviors or functions in illness situation, and they have constituted an important aspect of schizophrenia. Although negative symptoms have usually been considered as a single entity, neurobiological investigations yielded discrepant results. To overcome challenges that derive from this discrepancy, researchers have proposed several approaches to structure negative symptoms into more homogenous constructs. Concept of persistent negative symptoms (PNS) is one of the proposed approaches, and includes both primary and secondary negative symptoms that persist after adequate treatment...
January 2018: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243202/non-invasive-cerebellar-stimulation-a-promising-approach-for-stroke-recovery
#9
REVIEW
Maximilian J Wessel, Friedhelm C Hummel
Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) combined with behavioral training is a promising strategy to augment recovery after stroke. Current research efforts have been mainly focusing on primary motor cortex (M1) stimulation. However, the translation from proof-of-principle to clinical applications is not yet satisfactory. Possible reasons are the heterogeneous properties of stroke, generalization of the stimulation protocols, and hence the lack of patient stratification. One strategy to overcome these limitations could be the evaluation of alternative stimulation targets, like the cerebellum...
December 14, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243165/ease-of-walking-associates-with-greater-free-living-physical-activity-and-reduced-depressive-symptomology-in-breast-cancer-survivors-pilot-randomized-trial
#10
Stephen J Carter, Gary R Hunter, Lyse A Norian, Bulent Turan, Laura Q Rogers
PURPOSE: We hypothesized exercise training-induced improvements in ease of walking would associate with favorable changes in objectively measured physical activity (PA) and self-reported depressive symptoms following a PA behavior-change intervention in non-metastatic breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: Twenty-seven BCS received random assignment to an intervention (INT) or control group (CON). INT included counseling/group discussions coupled with supervised exercise tapered to unsupervised exercise...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243164/effects-of-exercise-during-chemotherapy-on-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ian R Kleckner, Charles Kamen, Jennifer S Gewandter, Nimish A Mohile, Charles E Heckler, Eva Culakova, Chunkit Fung, Michelle C Janelsins, Matthew Asare, Po-Ju Lin, Pavan S Reddy, Jeffrey Giguere, Jeffrey Berenberg, Shelli R Kesler, Karen M Mustian
PURPOSE: Over half of all cancer patients receiving taxane-, platinum-, or vinca alkaloid-based chemotherapy experience chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), which includes numbness, tingling, pain, cold sensitivity, and motor impairment in the hands and feet. CIPN is a dose-limiting toxicity, potentially increasing mortality. There are no FDA-approved drugs to treat CIPN, and behavioral interventions such as exercise are promising yet understudied. This secondary analysis of our nationwide phase III randomized controlled trial of exercise for fatigue examines (1) effects of exercise on CIPN symptoms, (2) factors that predict CIPN symptoms, and (3) factors that moderate effects of exercise on CIPN symptoms...
December 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242978/animal-models-of-l-dopa-induced-dyskinesia-the-6-ohda-lesioned-rat-and-mouse
#12
REVIEW
Elisabetta Tronci, Veronica Francardo
Appearance of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) represents a major limitation in the pharmacological therapy with the dopamine precursor L-DOPA. Indeed, the vast majority of parkinsonian patients develop dyskinesia within 9-10 years of L-DOPA oral administration. This makes the discovery of new therapeutic strategies an important need. In the last decades, several animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD) have been developed, to both study mechanisms underlying PD pathology and treatment-induced side effects (i...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242499/high-internal-noise-and-poor-external-noise-filtering-characterize-perception-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Woon Ju Park, Kimberly B Schauder, Ruyuan Zhang, Loisa Bennetto, Duje Tadin
An emerging hypothesis postulates that internal noise is a key factor influencing perceptual abilities in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Given fundamental and inescapable effects of noise on nearly all aspects of neural processing, this could be a critical abnormality with broad implications for perception, behavior, and cognition. However, this proposal has been challenged by both theoretical and empirical studies. A crucial question is whether and how internal noise limits perception in ASD, independently from other sources of perceptual inefficiency, such as the ability to filter out external noise...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241987/boys-biceps-and-bradycardia-the-hidden-dangers-of-muscularity-oriented-disordered-eating
#14
Stuart B Murray, Erin C Accurso, Scott Griffiths, Jason M Nagata
The recognition of eating disorders (EDs) in males represents an ongoing challenge for physicians. This challenge is particularly complex in the case of EDs that are oriented toward muscularity, as opposed to thinness, which current diagnostic criteria do not accommodate. Nevertheless, EDs in males, and muscularity-oriented disordered eating (MODE) in particular, are increasingly prevalent and are likely to be encountered in clinical practice. We report the case of a 16-year-old male who presented with medical instability, requiring hospitalization, in the context of MODE...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241670/glia-and-tissue-specific-changes-in-the-kynurenine-pathway-after-treatment-of-mice-with-lipopolysaccharide-and-dexamethasone
#15
Carlos R Dostal, Nicolaus S Gamsby, Marcus A Lawson, Robert H McCusker
Behavioral symptoms associated with mood disorders have been intimately linked with immunological and psychological stress. Induction of immune and stress pathways is accompanied by increased tryptophan entry into the Kynurenine (Kyn) Pathway as governed by the rate-limiting enzymes indoleamine/tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenases (DO's: Ido1, Ido2, Tdo2). Indeed, elevated DO expression is associated with inflammation- and stress-related depression symptoms. Here we examined central (brain, astrocyte and microglia) and peripheral (lung, liver and spleen) DO expression in mice treated intraperitoneally with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and dexamethasone (DEX) to model the response of the Kyn Pathway to inflammation and glucocorticoids...
December 11, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241516/factors-affecting-self-care-behavior-in-koreans-with-copd
#16
Soo Kyung Park
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of self-care in people with COPD, little is known about the effect of symptoms and symptom clusters on self-care behavior in people with exacerbated COPD. This study was designed to describe their level of self-care and to examine factors associated with self-care behavior, including symptoms and symptom clusters. METHODS: For this cross-sectional descriptive study, the researcher recruited Koreans with exacerbated COPD (N=71) from three tertiary care hospitals...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241432/correlates-of-reduced-violent-behavior-among-patients-receiving-intensive-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#17
Alec Buchanan, Elina Stefanovics, Robert A Rosenheck
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to violent behavior, especially among military personnel returning from service in a war zone. Little is known, however, about whether the extent of violent behavior among persons with PTSD changes in response to intensive treatment or about the predictors and correlates of any such change. METHODS: The study examined data from over 35,000 U.S. military veterans treated in specialized intensive Veterans Health Administration PTSD programs...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241356/the-impact-of-experiential-avoidance-and-event-centrality-in-trauma-related-rumination-and-posttraumatic-stress
#18
Lia S Bishop, Victoria E Ameral, Kathleen M Palm Reed
Cognitive control strategies like rumination often increase posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. However, extant research has provided equivocal results when attempting to explain why this phenomenon occurs. The current study explored several mechanisms that may clarify such findings. For this study, 193 trauma-exposed community members completed measures of PTSD, rumination, experiential avoidance, and event centrality. Elevated reports of rumination were associated with greater PTSD symptomology, experiential avoidance, and event centrality...
December 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241346/individual-characteristics-of-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-school-refusal-behavior
#19
Ellen Kathrine Munkhaugen, Tonje Torske, Elen Gjevik, Terje Nærland, Are Hugo Pripp, Trond H Diseth
This study compared social, executive, emotional, and behavioral characteristics of students with autism spectrum disorder who did and did not display school refusal behavior. The participants were 62 students with autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability aged 9-16 years attending inclusive schools. Parents first completed questionnaires assessing social and executive functioning as well as emotional and behavioral problems. They then documented their child's school refusal behavior for a period of 20 days...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241119/bench-to-bedside-review-possible-role-of-vitamin-d-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
REVIEW
Feiyong Jia, Ling Shan, Bing Wang, Honghua Li, Chunyue Miao, Zhida Xu, Ching-Po Lin, Khaled Saad
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of dysfunctions in social interaction, communication, and behaviors. Studies have demonstrated that vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy and in individuals increased the risk of ASD. A genetic polymorphism study has pinpointed that genotype AA/A-allele of GC rs4588 in children is associated with ASD, which encodes the vitamin D binding protein. Translating the mentioned points into clinical practice, several clinical trials have demonstrated that vitamin D supplementation can improve the core symptoms in children with ASD...
December 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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