keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Youth

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926761/the-cortisol-awakening-response-and-anterior-cingulate-cortex-function-in-maltreated-depressed-versus-non-maltreated-depressed-youth
#1
Karina Quevedo, Jennifer Doty, Leslie Roos, Justin J Anker
Symptomatology of depression among children who have (vs. have not) experienced maltreatment is greater in severity, more resistant to conventional treatment, and associated with elevated risk for suicide. Recent evidence implicates perturbations in stress regulatory systems and heightened negative self-appraisals as factors that increase the severity of psychopathology experienced by depressed maltreated (vs. non-maltreated) youth. Likely explanatory mechanisms for these differences are disturbances in the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis (HPA) and persistent negative self-referential biases supported by prefrontal cortex function including the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC)...
September 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926374/reducing-urban-violence-a-contrast-of-public-health-and-criminal-justice-approaches
#2
Magdalena Cerdá, Melissa Tracy, Katherine M Keyes
BACKGROUND: Cities are investing millions in Cure Violence, a public health approach to reduce urban violence by targeting at-risk youth and redirecting conflict to non-violent responses. The impact of such a program compared to criminal justice responses is unknown because experiments directly comparing criminal justice and public health approaches to violence prevention are infeasible with observational data. We simulated experiments to test the influence of two interventions on violence: a) Cure Violence; and b) directed police patrol in violence hot spots...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926304/substance-use-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#3
Franco Scalzo, Carol A Hulbert, Jennifer K Betts, Sue M Cotton, Andrew M Chanen
Co-occurring substance misuse and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adults is associated with more severe dysfunction and poorer prognosis than BPD alone. However, it is unknown to what extent substance use in youth with BPD is normative for this age group or pathological. This study compared substance use in 117 help-seeking youth (aged 15-25 years) with their first presentation for treatment of BPD, with an epidemiological general population sample and with healthy, age- and gender-matched controls...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926003/age-of-first-exposure-to-american-football-and-long-term-neuropsychiatric-and-cognitive-outcomes
#4
M L Alosco, A B Kasimis, J M Stamm, A S Chua, C M Baugh, D H Daneshvar, C A Robbins, M Mariani, J Hayden, S Conneely, R Au, A Torres, M D McClean, A C McKee, R C Cantu, J Mez, C J Nowinski, B M Martin, C E Chaisson, Y Tripodis, R A Stern
Previous research suggests that age of first exposure (AFE) to football before age 12 may have long-term clinical implications; however, this relationship has only been examined in small samples of former professional football players. We examined the association between AFE to football and behavior, mood and cognition in a large cohort of former amateur and professional football players. The sample included 214 former football players without other contact sport history. Participants completed the Brief Test of Adult Cognition by Telephone (BTACT), and self-reported measures of executive function and behavioral regulation (Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult Version Metacognition Index (MI), Behavioral Regulation Index (BRI)), depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)) and apathy (Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES))...
September 19, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925350/beliefs-in-social-inclusion-invariance-in-associations-among-hope-dysfunctional-attitudes-and-social-inclusion-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#5
Clio Berry, Kathryn Greenwood
Social disability in youth is an important precursor of long-term social and mental health problems. Social inclusion is a key policy driver and fits well within a new paradigm of health and well-being rather than illness-oriented services, yet little is known about social inclusion and its facilitators for "healthy" young people. We present a novel exploratory structural analysis of social inclusion using measures from 387 14- to 36-year-olds. Our model represents social inclusion as comprising social activity and community belonging, with both domains predicted by hopeful and dysfunctional self-beliefs but hopefulness more uniquely predicting social inclusion in adolescence...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925292/using-a-media-campaign-to-increase-engagement-with-a-mobile-based-youth-smoking-cessation-program
#6
Amy Sanders, Cendrine Robinson, Shani C Taylor, Samantha D Post, Jeffrey Goldfarb, Rui Shi, Yvonne M Hunt, Erik M Augustson
PURPOSE: To describe the impact of the National Cancer Institute's promotion of its youth smoking cessation program, Smokefree Teen (SFT). DESIGN: We provide a description of campaign strategies and outcomes as a means to engage a teen audience in cessation resources using a cost-effective approach. SETTING: The campaign occurred nationally, using traditional (TV and radio), online, and social media outreach. PARTICIPANTS: Ads targeted adolescent smokers (aged 14-17)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925044/self-concept-predicts-academic-achievement-across-levels-of-the-achievement-distribution-domain-specificity-for-math-and-reading
#7
Maria Ines Susperreguy, Pamela E Davis-Kean, Kathryn Duckworth, Meichu Chen
This study examines whether self-concept of ability in math and reading predicts later math and reading attainment across different levels of achievement. Data from three large-scale longitudinal data sets, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development-Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, and Panel Study of Income Dynamics-Child Development Supplement, were used to answer this question by employing quantile regression analyses. After controlling for demographic variables, child characteristics, and early ability, the findings indicate that self-concept of ability in math and reading predicts later achievement in each respective domain across all quantile levels of achievement...
September 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924181/common-and-dissociable-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-differences-associate-with-dimensions-of-psychopathology-across-categorical-diagnoses
#8
A N Kaczkurkin, T M Moore, M E Calkins, R Ciric, J A Detre, M A Elliott, E B Foa, A Garcia de la Garza, D R Roalf, A Rosen, K Ruparel, R T Shinohara, C H Xia, D H Wolf, R E Gur, R C Gur, T D Satterthwaite
The high comorbidity among neuropsychiatric disorders suggests a possible common neurobiological phenotype. Resting-state regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) can be measured noninvasively with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and abnormalities in regional CBF are present in many neuropsychiatric disorders. Regional CBF may also provide a useful biological marker across different types of psychopathology. To investigate CBF changes common across psychiatric disorders, we capitalized upon a sample of 1042 youths (ages 11-23 years) who completed cross-sectional imaging as part of the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923788/video-game-intervention-for-sexual-risk-reduction-in-minority-adolescents-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Lynn E Fiellin, Kimberly D Hieftje, Tyra M Pendergrass, Tassos C Kyriakides, Lindsay R Duncan, James D Dziura, Benjamin G Sawyer, Linda Mayes, Cindy A Crusto, Brian Wc Forsyth, David A Fiellin
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disproportionately impacts minority youth. Interventions to decrease HIV sexual risk are needed. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that an engaging theory-based digital health intervention in the form of an interactive video game would improve sexual health outcomes in adolescents. METHODS: Participants aged 11 to 14 years from 12 community afterschool, school, and summer programs were randomized 1:1 to play up to 16 hours of an experimental video game or control video games over 6 weeks...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923185/sleep-duration-trends-and-trajectories-among-youth-in-the-compass-study
#10
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: Limited Canadian studies have examined youth sleep over time. This study explored sleep duration over recent years among youth, patterns over the course of secondary school, and subgroups at greater risk of sleep deprivation and problematic trajectories. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Secondary school students in Ontario and Alberta, Canada. MEASURES AND ANALYSES: In cross-sectional analyses, student-reported sleep duration was analyzed in three waves of the COMPASS study (Y2: 2013/2014, Y3: 2014/2015, Y4: 2015/2016), and differences by student-level (race/ethnicity, grade, sex) and school-level (urbanicity, median household income) variables were tested in the most recent wave...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923051/perceived-neighborhood-safety-related-to-physical-activity-but-not-recreational-screen-based-sedentary-behavior-in-adolescents
#11
Clare M Lenhart, Andrew Wiemken, Alexandra Hanlon, Mackenzie Perkett, Freda Patterson
BACKGROUND: A growing proportion of adolescents have poor cardiovascular health behaviors, including low levels of physical activity and high levels of sedentary behavior, thus increasing the likelihood of poor heart health in later years. This study tested the hypothesis that low perceived neighborhood safety would be associated with low levels of physical activity and high levels of recreational sedentary behavior in high-school students. METHODS: Using cross-sectional, weighted data from the 2015 Pennsylvania (USA) State and Philadelphia city Youth Risk Behavior Survey, multivariable logistic regression modeling was used to examine the association between perceived neighborhood safety, and physical activity levels and recreational screen-based sedentary behavior time respectively, while controlling for potential confounders...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922814/the-consul-and-the-beatnik-the-establishment-youth-culture-and-the-beginnings-of-the-hippy-trail-1966-8
#12
Sharif Gemie, Brian Ireland
This paper analyses the attitudes expressed by consular and embassy officials to a new type of traveller they encountered in the mid-1960s. Their observations are contextualised within wider debates concerning 'youth' in the late 1950s and 1960s. Officials distinguished sharply between 'overlanders' (who could be tolerated or accommodated) and 'beatniks' whose behaviour was characterized as illegal and/or unacceptable. Smoking cannabis was identified as a key marker of beatnik behaviour. Officials' observations are contrasted with four accounts by new travellers from the period...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922319/disparities-in-access-to-care-in-marginalized-populations
#13
Elizabeth A Silberholz, Nicola Brodie, Nancy D Spector, Amy E Pattishall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recent literature related to three groups whose health is affected by barriers to the healthcare system: refugee and immigrant populations; youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning; and those with mental health problems. RECENT FINDINGS: Refugee and immigrant populations are increasing worldwide, and recent work has focused on improving their access to mental, dental, and preventive care...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922307/safe-summers-adapting-evidence-based-injury-prevention-into-a-summer-curriculum
#14
Melody Schaeffer, Claire Cioni, Nicole Kozma, Catherine Rains, Greta Todd
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death for those aged 0 to 19. St. Louis Children's Hospital created Safety Land, a comprehensive injury prevention intervention which is provided during summer months. This program uses a life-size board game to teach safety education to children in ages 5-11. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Safety Land on safety knowledge in children that participated in the intervention. METHODS: St...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922268/early-exercise-in-critically-ill-youth-and-children-a-preliminary-evaluation-the-weecycle-pilot-trial
#15
Karen Choong, Saif Awladthani, Adeeb Khawaji, Heather Clark, Asm Borhan, Ji Cheng, Sam Laskey, Charmaine Neu, Aimee Sarti, Lehana Thabane, Brian W Timmons, Katina Zheng, Samah Al-Harbi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of conducting a full trial evaluating the efficacy of early mobilization using in-bed cycling as an adjunct to physiotherapy, on functional outcomes in critically ill children. DESIGN: Single center, pilot, randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Twelve-bed tertiary care, medical-surgical PICU at McMaster Children's Hospital, Hamilton, ON, Canada. PATIENTS: Children 3-17 years old who were limited to bed-rest with an expected PICU stay of at least 48 hours...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922092/from-risky-behaviour-to-sexy-adventures-reconceptualising-young-people-s-online-sexual-activities
#16
Marijke Naezer
Western discourses about young people and sexuality centre around the concept of risk. Anxieties have been fuelled by the increasing popularity of social media and practices such as 'sexting' and watching 'sexually explicit' materials online. Research has shown however that such risk discourses mainly serve to moralise about, pathologise and police particular behaviours and children. In order to counter such paternalism, researchers advocated a reconceptualisation of youth not as passive victims, but as active agents who actively negotiate sexual experiences and discourses...
September 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921882/recommendations-for-obesity-prevention-among-adolescents-from-disadvantaged-backgrounds-a-concept-mapping-study-among-scientific-and-professional-experts
#17
D A Kornet-van der Aa, C H van Randeraad-van der Zee, J Mayer, J M Borys, M J M Chinapaw
The present study aimed to enrich the scientific evidence on obesity prevention programmes for adolescents from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds with practice-based experiences from both scientific and professional experts in the field of youth obesity prevention. We used the participatory method of concept mapping. Two concept mapping sessions were conducted: one with programme coordinators of national/regional obesity prevention programmes across Europe (n = 8) and one with scientists participating in European obesity prevention projects (n = 5)...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921667/polysubstance-use-among-adolescents-in-a-low-income-rural-community-latent-classes-for-middle-and-high-school-students
#18
Roderick A Rose, Caroline B R Evans, Paul R Smokowski, Matthew O Howard, Katie L Stalker
PURPOSE: Rural communities are currently being impacted by a nationwide epidemic of prescription opioid misuse. Rural adolescent substance users may be at substantial risk for later addiction to these and other drugs. METHODS: This study uses Latent Class Analysis to identify subtypes of polysubstance users among a sample of 7,074 rural adolescents. Separate models were estimated for middle- and high-school youth. Predictive validity was estimated using cumulative ordinal logistic regression of the classes on a set of youth and family characteristics...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921556/dating-and-sexual-violence-research-in-the-schools-balancing-protection-of-confidentiality-with-supporting-the-welfare-of-survivors
#19
Jill D Sharkey, Lauren A Reed, Erika D Felix
Rigorous research and program evaluation are needed to understand the experience of dating and sexual violence among youth and the impact of prevention and intervention efforts. Our dilemma in doing this work occurred when youth disclosed dating and sexual violence on a research survey. What responsibility do researchers have to protect survivors' confidentiality as a research participant versus taking steps to ensure the student has the opportunity to access help? In our evaluation of a pilot dating violence prevention program, our protocols employed widely used procedures for providing resources to participants upon their completion of the survey and de-identifying survey data...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921525/comorbid-symptoms-of-inattention-autism-and-executive-cognition-in-youth-with-putative-genetic-risk
#20
Anne B Arnett, Brianna E Cairney, Arianne S Wallace, Jennifer Gerdts, Tychele N Turner, Evan E Eichler, Raphael A Bernier
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and inattention (IA) are highly comorbid and associated with deficits in executive cognition. Cognitive deficits have been posited as candidate endophenotypes of psychiatric traits, but few studies have conceptualized cognitive deficits as psychiatric comorbidities. The latter model is consistent with a latent factor reflecting broader liability to neuropsychological dysfunction, and explains heterogeneity in the cognitive profile of individuals with ASD and IA...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
keyword
keyword
8177
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"