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Rasaki Aranmolate
Background The prevalence of obesity among youths has become a public health problem. The trend in the prevalence of obesity among high school students in Mississippi has not been examined in the last 17 years. Methods The data from the Mississippi High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey from 1999 to 2015 were used to determine the prevalence of obesity. The definition of obesity was based on age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) of more than 95th percentile, according to 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Tammy B Pham, Andrew Adesman
Objective To examine, in a nationally-representative sample of high school students, to what extent one or more additional threats to physical safety exacerbates the risk of sadness and suicidality among victims of school and/or cyber-bullying. Methods National data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) were analyzed for grades 9-12 (n = 15,624). Victimization groups were characterized by school-bullying and cyber-bullying, with and without additional threats to physical safety: fighting at school, being threatened/injured at school, and skipping school out of fear for one's safety...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Cyrus L K Leung, Michael Bender, Sylvia Y C L Kwok
Background This study tests the buffering effects of positive youth development (PYD) factors against depression and suicidal ideation across Hong Kong and Dutch students. Methods We collected data on depression, suicidal ideation, history of childhood maltreatment, and PYD from 565 Dutch and Hong Kong undergraduates. The three PYD factors, prosocial attributes, positive identity, and cognitive-behavioral competence, were examined for their moderating role in the relationship among childhood maltreatment, depression, and suicidal ideation in path analysis...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Teresa Santos, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Celeste Simões, Isabel Leal, Maria do Céu Machado
Background Research on living with a chronic disease (CD) in adolescence is increasing. However, studies on the relevance of psychosocial factors are still needed. The present review, focuses on the impact of living with a CD in adolescence on on quality of life (QoL), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychosocial factors. Methods A literature review of articles identified through PubMed, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES (these last two ones comprise the Ebsco Host platform) and original peer-reviewed research papers, published between 2010 and 2015, with no restrictions regarding the format/source of interventions, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or types of comparisons were included...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Nezal Azh, Fatemeh Nahidi, Giti Ozgoli, Gelayol Ardalan
Introduction Until now, the services provided to Iranian youth have been prepared based on authorities' perspectives and according to the resources and reports from other countries and international agencies. Using youth perspectives to provide health, however, helps in continuing the process of providing health services, and most young people will receive these services. Objective To explain perception of youth and key individuals to improve health programs for safe transition in Iran. Methodology This study is a qualitative research with a grounded theory approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Yang Bai, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Gregory J Welk, Norma Candelaria
PURPOSE: The consensus is that physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) are independent behaviors, but past findings suggest that they may be influenced by common underlying factors. To clarify this issue, we examined associations between enjoyment of PA and participation in both PA and SB in a large sample of 4th- to 12th-grade US youth. METHODS: A total of 18,930 students from 187 schools completed the youth activity profile, a self-report 15-item survey that assesses time spent in PA and SB in school and home settings...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
Manpreet K Singh, Sara M Leslie, Kalpa Bhattacharjee, Melina Gross, Elizabeth F Weisman, Laila M Soudi, Owen R Phillips, Alexander Onopa
INTRODUCTION: Visuospatial processing and task switching are impaired in individuals with mood disorders. It is unknown whether early deficits are present before mood symptom on set or are related to risk for a specific type of mood disorder. To investigate, we compared visual attention and task switching during sequencing among never-disordered youth with parental family histories of bipolar (BD) and major depressive disorders (MDD) and healthy controls (HC) with no personal or family history of psychopathology...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Canan Karatekin, Brandon Almy, Susan Marshall Mason, Iris Borowsky, Andrew Barnes
International Classification of Diseases codes for child maltreatment can aid surveillance and research, but the extent to which they are used is not well established. We documented prevalence of the use of maltreatment-related codes, examined demographic characteristics of youth assigned these codes, and compared results with previous studies. Data were extracted from electronic health records of 0- to 21-year-olds assigned 1 of 15 maltreatment-related International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, codes who had encounters in a large medical system over a 4-year period...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
Sebastiano Guarnaccia, Cristina Quecchia, Andrea Festa, Michele Magoni, Marco Moneda, Valeria Gretter, Carmelo Scarcella, Ada Pluda, Cinzia Gasparotti, Malica Frassine, Luigi Vitale, Emanuele D'Agata, Rosa Maria Limina, Francesco Donato
BACKGROUND: In spite of some evidence for positive effects of patient's education to asthma self-management by randomized clinical trials, there are few studies on the impact of patient' s educational programs in the real world. We aimed to assess the impact of a diagnostic therapeutic educational pathway (DTEP) on asthma control of children and adolescents by comparing frequency of outcomes indicative of asthma control before and after attending the pathway. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study including all patients aged 6-11 and 12-17 years who attended the DTEP in 2007-2014...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Olympia Tsilochristou, Paraskevi Maggina, Zaraquiza Zolkipli, Silvia Sanchez Garcia, Pinar Uysal, Monserrat Alvaro Lozano, Marina Atanaskovic-Markovic, Astghik Baghdasaryan, Kirsten Beyer, George DuToit, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Arne Høst, Jonathan O'Hourihane, Lars Ingemann, Juho E Kivistö, Jose Manuel Lopes Dos Santos, Erik Melén, Muraro Antonella, Antonio Nieto, Giovanni Pajno, Klaus Rose, Lagos A Réthy, Cansin Sackesen, Peter Schmid Grendelmeier, Erkka Valovirta, Magnus Wickman, Philippe A Eigenmann, Ulrich Wahn, Lauri-Ann van der Poel
The history of pediatric allergology (PA) in Europe is relatively youthful, dating back to 1984, when a small group of pediatricians founded the European Working Group on Pediatric Allergy and Immunology - later giving rise to ESPACI (European Society on Pediatric Allergology and Clinical Immunology). In 1990, the first dedicated journal, Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (PAI), was founded. There are striking differences across Europe, and even within European countries, in relation to the training pathways for doctors seeing children with allergic disease(s)...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
James B McCauley, Matthew C Zajic, Tasha M Oswald, Lindsey E Swain-Lerro, Nancy C McIntyre, Michelle A Harris, Kali Trzesniewski, Peter C Mundy, Marjorie Solomon
A typically developing student's perceptions of his or her own capabilities (academic self-concept), is predictive of later academic achievement. However, little is known about academic self-concept in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To understand whether students math self-concept and reading self-concept predicted their performance, 44 school-aged children and adolescents with ASD and 36 age-matched individuals with typical development (TYP) rated their perceived math and reading abilities and were administered standardized achievement measures...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Katherine S Elkington, Zachary Peters, C Jean Choi, Amelia Bucek, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Elaine J Abrams, Claude A Mellins
We examined the role of youth HIV status and other key factors on past-year arrest in perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (PHIV-) and perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) youth using data from a multi-site study of psychosocial behaviors in PHIV-exposed urban youth (N = 340; 61% PHIV+; 51% female; ages 9-16 at baseline). Youth and caregivers were administered 5 interviews, spanning approximately 7.5 years. Using longitudinal logistic mixed-effect models, we explored the association between past year arrest, internal [e...
November 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Lauren M Hill, Nisha C Gottfredson, Lusajo J Kajula, Brian W Pence, Vivian F Go, James Moody, Suzanne Maman
Young men are important targets in HIV prevention in Tanzania and throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Anxiety and depression are common among youth and may be important predictors of HIV risk behaviors; evidence of these relationships in high-risk populations is needed. Using baseline and 1 year follow-up assessments from an HIV prevention trial we assessed the association between changes in symptoms of anxiety and depression and follow-up sexual risk behaviors (condom use and sexual partner concurrency) controlling for baseline sexual risk behaviors among 1113 male members of social groups known as "camps" in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
November 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Dinesh Sirisena, Joy Walter, Joo Haw Ong, Joanne Probert
INTRODUCTION: Sports concussion remains a challenging condition to manage despite changes to policy and practice since the 2012 Concussion in Sport Group consensus meeting. Emergency physicians (EPs) are often the first line of medical care for athletes in amateur and youth collision sports. This single-centre cross-sectional study aimed to establish the understanding and management of concussion by EPs in Singapore. METHODS: An anonymised 17-item online questionnaire was sent out to EPs using the Google Forms application, requesting information on clinical experience, training, exposure to concussion cases in the emergency department (ED) and assessed knowledge of the condition...
November 13, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
Meghan Rombeek, Stefanie De Jesus, Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Eva Welisch, Harry Prapavessis, Jamie A Seabrook, Kambiz Norozi
Background: Both obesity and congenital heart disease (CHD) are risk factors for the long-term cardiovascular health of children and adolescents. The addition of smart mobile technology to conventional lifestyle counseling for weight management offers great potential to appeal to technologically literate youth and can address a large geographical area with minimal burden to participants. This pilot study seeks to examine the influence of a 1-year lifestyle intervention on nutrition and physical activity-related health outcomes in overweight or obese children and adolescents with CHD...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Jocelyn DeJong, Farah Sbeity, Jennifer Schlecht, Manale Harfouche, Rouham Yamout, Fouad M Fouad, Seema Manohar, Courtland Robinson
Background: The conflict in Syria that began in 2011 has resulted in the exodus of over 5 million Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries, with more than one million refugees currently registered by UNHCR in Lebanon. While some are living in tented settlements, the majority are living in strained conditions in rented accommodation or collective shelters in the Bekaa Valley next to Syria. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable in any crisis. In 2013-4, the American University in Beirut in collaboration with the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins and Save the Children, sought to understand the specific experiences of very young adolescents, those 10-14 years of age, in this protracted crisis context...
2017: Conflict and Health
Audray St-Jean, Salma Meziou, Pierre Ayotte, Michel Lucas
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the suitability of three commonly used body mass index (BMI) classification systems for Indigenous youth. We estimated overweight and obesity prevalence among Cree youth of Eeyou Istchee according to three BMI classification systems, assessed the level of agreement between them, and evaluated their accuracy through body fat and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: Data on 288 youth (aged 8-17 years) were collected. Overweight and obesity prevalence were estimated with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) and World Health Organization (WHO) criteria...
November 22, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
Joy Gabrielli, Yo Jackson, Lindsay Huffhines, Katie Stone
Child maltreatment is associated with negative outcomes such as substance use (SU). This study tested relations among maltreatment history, coping behavior, and SU behavior in youth residing in foster care. Participants were 210 youth ( Mage = 12.71 years; SD = 2.95) in foster care who completed self-report measures through an audio computer-assisted self-interview program. Using a structural equation modeling framework and latent measurement constructs, positive associations were identified between maltreatment at baseline and coping behavior outcomes as well as SU behavior outcome approximately 4...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
Alice Cristina Medeiros Melo, Gabriela Drummond Marques da Silva, Leila Posenato Garcia
The aim was to analyze the association between risk of death from assault in young males and socio-demographic characteristics in Brazilian municipalities. In this ecological study, the units of analysis were the 1,651 municipalities of Brazil with more than 20,000 inhabitants. Data were obtained from the Brazilian Mortality Information System (SIM) and indicators were obtained from the 2010 Population Census and Human Development Atlas. Mortality rate ratios were estimated by a negative binomial regression model...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Hogan H Lee, Jung Hye Sung, Ji-Young Lee, Jae Eun Lee
INTRODUCTION: Although numerous studies have examined the association between playing video games and cognitive skills, aggression, and depression, few studies have examined how these associations differ by sex. The objective of our study was to determine differences by sex in association between video gaming or other nonacademic computer use and depressive symptoms, suicidal behavior, and being bullied among adolescents in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey on 15,624 US high school students...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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