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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793120/socioeconomic-status-of-parents-with-children-participating-on-youth-club-sport-teams
#1
Eric G Post, Nicole E Green, Daniel A Schaefer, Stephanie M Trigsted, M Alison Brooks, Timothy A McGuine, Andrew M Watson, David R Bell
OBJECTIVES: To describe the socioeconomic status, measured by household income and educational attainment, of parents with children participating on youth club sport teams. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Local sport events. PARTICIPANTS: 949 parents (571 female) of youth athletes between 10 and 18 years old were recruited at club team events and practices to complete an anonymous questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: SES variables included total household income (THI) and educational attainment...
May 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792726/i-like-them%C3%A2-will-they-like-me-evidence-for-the-role-of-the-ventrolateral-prefrontal-cortex-during-mismatched-social-appraisals-in-anxious-youth
#2
Ashley R Smith, Eric E Nelson, Brent I Rappaport, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, Johanna M Jarcho
OBJECTIVE: Socially anxious adolescents report distress during social decision-making, wherein their favorable view of peers directly conflicts with their expectation to be viewed negatively by peers; a phenomenon we refer to as "mismatch bias." The present study utilizes a novel paradigm with dynamic social stimuli to explore the correlates of mismatch biases in anxious and healthy youth. METHOD: The behavioral and neural correlates of mismatch biases were assessed in healthy (N = 17) and anxious (N = 14) youth during functional MRI...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792564/cognitive-and-behavioral-resilience-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-with-hiv
#3
Sophia A Hussen, Gary W Harper, Caryn R R Rodgers, Jacob J van den Berg, Nadia Dowshen, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
PURPOSE: HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (Y-GBMSM). Resilience remains understudied among Y-GBMSM living with HIV, but represents a potentially important framework for improving HIV-related outcomes in this population. We sought to explore cognitive and behavioral dimensions of resilience and their correlates among Y-GBMSM to gain insights to inform future interventions. METHODS: Our study sample consisted of 200 Y-GBMSM living with HIV enrolled in a multisite study of the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN)...
August 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792506/testing-the-validity-of-criminal-risk-assessment-tools-in-sexually-abusive-youth
#4
Steffen Barra, Cornelia Bessler, Markus A Landolt, Marcel Aebi
Although accurate risk appraisals are mandatory to provide effective treatment to juveniles who have sexually offended (JSOs), the current knowledge on the validity of risk assessment instruments for JSOs is inconclusive. We compared the predictive validities of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol II (J-SOAP II), the Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offense Recidivism (ERASOR), and the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide-Revised (VRAG-R) scores concerning sexual, nonsexual-violent, and general criminal recidivism (based on both official and nonregistered reoffenses) in a consecutive sample of 597 male JSOs (Mage = 14...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792495/first-grade-classroom-level-adversity-associations-with-teaching-practices-academic-skills-and-executive-functioning
#5
Tashia Abry, Kristen L Granger, Crystal I Bryce, Michelle Taylor, Jodi Swanson, Robert H Bradley
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development and a model-building approach, the authors examined direct and indirect associations between first-grade (G1) classroom-level adversity (CLA), G1 teaching practices, and student (N = 1,073; M = 6.64 years; 49% girls; 82% White) academic skills and executive functioning in G1 and third grades (G3). Teachers reported the prevalence of adversity among their students (e.g., poor home/family life, poor academic/social readiness)...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792494/fostering-youth-self-efficacy-to-address-transgender-and-racial-diversity-issues-the-role-of-gay-straight-alliances
#6
Eddie S K Chong, V Paul Poteat, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Jerel P Calzo
Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs) aspire to empower youth to address multiple systems of oppression, including those affecting transgender and racial/ethnic minority youth, yet there is little indication of factors contributing to youths' self-efficacy to do so. We examined individual and group factors predicting self-efficacy to address transgender and racial issues among 295 youth in 33 high school GSAs. Multilevel results indicated that level of GSA engagement, individual and collective involvement in transgender- and race-specific discussions, and in some cases intergroup friendships were associated with each form of self-efficacy...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792490/generalizability-of-a-traditional-social-cognitive-model-of-prosocial-behaviors-to-u-s-latino-a-youth
#7
Gustavo Carlo, Cara Streit, Lisa Crockett
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that parental and peer support, empathy-related traits, and prosocial moral reasoning would positively predict altruistic prosocial behaviors, and negatively predict selfish-motivated prosocial behaviors, in U.S. Latino youth. METHOD: Three-hundred and 6 U.S. Latina/o adolescents (M age = 15.50 years; SD = .42 years; 46% girls; 81.0% self-identified as U.S. Mexican) from communities in the Northern Great Plains completed measures of parental and peer support, perspective taking and empathic concern, prosocial moral reasoning, and two types of prosocial behaviors...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792485/telephone-assisted-parent-mediated-cbt-for-rural-latino-youth-with-anxiety-a-feasibility-trial
#8
Denise A Chavira, Cristina Bustos, Maritza Garcia, Francisco Reinosa Segovia, Afshan Baig, Bernardo Ng, Alvaro Camacho
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we tailor a child anxiety cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) program to fit the needs of rural Latino/a Spanish-speaking families and examine the feasibility, acceptability, tolerability, and safety of this intervention using 2 modes of service delivery. METHOD: Children (n = 31; age 8-13) with anxiety disorders were recruited from primary care settings and randomized to 1 of 2 modes of parent-mediated CBT bibliotherapy: (1) telephone-delivered, therapist-assisted bibliotherapy (TTB; n = 15), and (2) a more minimal contact, self-directed, bibliotherapy condition (SB; n = 16)...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792482/discrimination-and-externalizing-problems-among-moroccan-and-romanian-origin-early-adolescents-in-italy-moderating-role-of-cultural-orientations-and-impulse-control
#9
Diana Miconi, Gianmarco Altoè, Silvia Salcuni, Daniela Di Riso, Sami Schiff, Ughetta Moscardino
OBJECTIVE: Although discrimination is a common stressor in the everyday life of immigrant youth, individuals are not equally susceptible to its adverse effects. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine whether cultural orientation preferences and impulse control (IC) moderate the association between perceived discrimination and externalizing problems among Moroccan- and Romanian-origin early adolescents in Italy. METHOD: The sample included 126 Moroccan and 126 Romanian youths (46% girls, 42% first-generation) aged 11-13 years and their parents...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792476/a-mixed-methods-investigation-into-the-perspectives-on-mental-health-and-professional-treatment-among-former-system-youth-with-mood-disorders
#10
Michelle R Munson, Sarah Carter Narendorf, Shelly Ben-David, Andrea Cole
Research has shown that how people think about their health (or illnesses) shapes their help-seeking behavior. In this mixed-methods study, we employed a simultaneous concurrent design to explore the perceptions of mental illness among an understudied population: marginalized young adults. Participants were 60 young adults (ages 18-25) who had experienced mood disorders and used multiple public systems of care during their childhoods. Semistructured interviews were conducted to understand participants' illness and treatment experiences during the transition to adulthood...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791433/the-belfast-youth-development-study-byds-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-initiation-persistence-and-desistance-of-substance-use-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-in-northern-ireland
#11
Kathryn Higgins, Aisling McLaughlin, Oliver Perra, Claire McCartan, Mark McCann, Andrew Percy, Julie-Ann Jordan
BACKGROUND: Substance misuse persists as a major public health issue worldwide with significant costs for society. The development of interventions requires methodologically sound studies to explore substance misuse causes and consequences. This Cohort description paper outlines the design of the Belfast Youth Development (BYDS), one of the largest cohort studies of its kind in the UK. The study was established to address the need for a long-term prospective cohort study to investigate the initiation, persistence and desistance of substance use, alongside life course processes in adolescence and adulthood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791306/cause-of-caregiver-death-and-surviving-caregiver-coping-style-predict-thwarted-belongingness-in-bereaved-youth
#12
Michelle E Roley-Roberts, Ryan M Hill, Christopher M Layne, Hayley Goldenthal, Julie B Kaplow
OBJECTIVES: Both bereavement and thwarted belongingness serve as risk markers for youth suicide-related behaviors. This study examined candidate predictors of thwarted belongingness among bereaved youth, including caregiver cause of death and surviving caregiver coping style. METHODS: Forty-three caregiver-bereaved families (58 children aged 7-13 years old) participated in a longitudinal study investigating associations between hypothesized bereavement-related contextual factors and youth thwarted belongingness...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791298/the-influence-of-dopamine-on-cognitive-flexibility-is-mediated-by-functional-connectivity-in-young-but-not-older-adults
#13
Anne S Berry, Vyoma D Shah, William J Jagust
Dopaminergic signaling in striatum is strongly implicated in executive functions including cognitive flexibility. However, there is a paucity of multimodal research in humans defining the nature of relationships between endogenous dopamine, striatal network activity, and cognition. Here, we measured dopamine synthesis capacity in young and older adults using the PET tracer 6-[18 F]fluoro-l- m-tyrosine and examined its relationship with cognitive performance and functional connectivity during an fMRI study of task switching...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791276/isolating-the-association-of-sleep-depressive-state-and-other-independent-indicators-for-suicide-ideation-in-united-states-teenagers
#14
Lynn M Whitmore, Tyler C Smith
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the second leading cause of death in American teenagers, and is a growing public health concern. This study uses multivariable logistic regression to investigate the independent relationship between suicide ideation and sleep duration in teenagers using the 2015 Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Study, controlling for demographic, behavioral, and other factors found to be associated. Sleep durations of 4-5 hours and 6-7 hours per night were associated with approximately 75-80% and 20-40% increased adjusted odds of suicide ideation, as compared to teens sleeping the recommended 8 hours or more, and should be considered as a potential important indicator for adolescent suicidal ideation in in primary-care screens...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790988/evaluation-of-a-music-therapy-social-skills-development-program-for-youth-with-limited-resources
#15
Varvara Pasiali, Cherie Clark
Background: Children living in low-resource communities are at risk for poorer socio-emotional development and academic performance. Emerging evidence supports use of group music therapy experiences to support social development through community afterschool programming. Objective: To examine the potential benefit of a music therapy social skills development program to improve social skills and academic performance of school-aged children with limited resources in an afterschool program...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790377/cross-cultural-differences-in-the-experience-of-grandparent-grandchild-relationships-and-related-psychosocial-outcomes
#16
Bert Hayslip, Ray M Toledo, Craig E Henderson, R Mishelle Rodriguez, Daniela M Caballero Vela
This study examined grandchildren's perceptions of the quality of their relationship with their grandmothers and how these perceptions relate to psychosocial outcomes. Eighty-two youth from Mexico and 99 youth from the United States aged between 13 and 16 participated. Results suggested that both cultures benefit in unique ways from positive relationship with their grandmothers. Yet, there were also differences in the relational experience of grandmother-grandchild relationships across cultures. Specifically, grandchildren in the U...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790197/establishing-a-publicly-available-national-database-of-us-news-articles-reporting-agriculture-related-injuries-and-fatalities
#17
Bryan Weichelt, Marsha Salzwedel, Scott Heiberger, Barbara C Lee
BACKGROUND: The AgInjuryNews system and dataset are a news report repository and information source for agricultural safety professionals, policymakers, journalists, and law enforcement officials. METHODS: AgInjuryNews was designed as a primary storage and retrieval system that allows users to: identify agricultural injury/fatality events; identify injury agents and emerging issues; provide safety messages for media in anticipation of trends; and raise awareness and knowledge of agricultural injuries and prevention strategies...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790057/are-youth-sport-talent-identification-and-development-systems-necessary-and-healthy
#18
Fieke Rongen, Jim McKenna, Stephen Cobley, Kevin Till
Talent identification and development systems (TIDS) are commonly used in professional sport to convert youth athletes into sporting stars of the future. Acknowledging that only a few athletes can "make it," the necessity and healthiness of TIDS have recently been questioned based on their increased professionalism, high training, and competition volumes, but limited effectiveness. In this short communication, we suggest that the key issues associated with TIDS are not due to their overall concept, but with how they are designed and implemented...
May 22, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789884/biosphere-reserve-for-all-potentials-for-involving-underrepresented-age-groups-in-the-development-of-a-biosphere-reserve-through-intergenerational-practice
#19
Tamara Mitrofanenko, Julia Snajdr, Andreas Muhar, Marianne Penker, Elisabeth Schauppenlehner-Kloyber
Stakeholder participation is of high importance in UNESCO biosphere reserves as model regions for sustainable development; however, certain groups remain underrepresented. The paper proposes Intergenerational Practice (IP) as a means of involving youth and elderly women and explores its options and barriers, using the example of the Salzburger Lungau and Kärntner Nockberge Biosphere Reserve in Austria. Case study analysis is used involving mixed methods. The results reveal obstacles and motivations to participating in biosphere reserve implementation and intergenerational activities for the youth and the elderly women and imply that much potential for IP exists in the biosphere reserve region...
May 22, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789281/internet-and-social-media-access-among-youth-experiencing-homelessness-mixed-methods-study
#20
Lauren A Houdek VonHoltz, Rosemary Frasso, Jesse M Golinkoff, Alicia J Lozano, Alexandra Hanlon, Nadia Dowshen
BACKGROUND: Youth experiencing homelessness are at a risk for a variety of adverse outcomes. Given the widespread use of the internet and social media, these new technologies may be used to address their needs and for outreach purposes. However, little is known about how this group uses these resources. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how homeless adolescents use these technologies for general and health-related purposes, whether the scope of their use changes with housing status, and their interest in a website dedicated to youth experiencing homelessness...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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