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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350779/response-to-developing-a-clinical-protocol-for-habitual-physical-activity-monitoring-in-youth-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Kristie Bjornson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350776/school-based-work-capacity-evaluation-in-young-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-2-case-reports
#2
Connie C Johnson, Deborah S Rose
PURPOSE: These case reports examine the application of a work capacity/work-hardening model to increase work capacity in young people with disabilities. KEY POINTS: Examination, evaluation, interventions, and outcomes are described for 2 teenagers with intellectual disability. This approach is novel in that it uses functional capacity evaluation concepts used in ergonomic/occupational health contexts and applies them to youth with disabilities in educational settings...
April 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350662/neck-rejuvenation-through-the-lateral-platysma-window-a-key-component-of-face-lift-surgery
#3
Ronnie A Pezeshk, David A Sieber, Rod J Rohrich
Rejuvenating an aged face relies on maintaining facial harmony to provide optimal aesthetic results. Restoration of more youthful facial contours is dependent on blending the aesthetic facial topographic units. Many authors continue to debate the best approach for neck rejuvenation through a medial approach, a lateral approach, or a combination of the two. The authors present their approach to neck rejuvenation through medial platysma plication, inferior release, and lateral platysma window.
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350655/high-resolution-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-aging-upper-face-fat-compartments
#4
Rémi Foissac, Olivier Camuzard, Sébastien Piereschi, Pascal Staccini, Olivier Andreani, Charalambos Georgiou, Marc Benatar
BACKGROUND: Age-related changes in fat compartments have yet to be fully characterized. Uncertainty remains in terms of volume gains/losses or shape fluctuations over time. The authors' aim was to determine the evolution of subcutaneous fat in the aging upper face, focusing on shifts in volume and dimension. METHODS: Over the course of 4.5 years, 100 faces of living female Caucasian patients were prospectively studied using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346761/commentary-information-processing-in-anxiety-and%C3%A2-depression-novel-targets-for-translational-research-a-reflection-on-lau-and-waters-2017
#5
Gal Arad, Yair Bar-Haim
Understanding psychopathology in the context of a developmental cognitive neuroscience approach entails the notion that specific individual differences in information processing can serve as both etiologic and maintaining factors in the development of specific disorders. It is posited that such mechanistic understanding of neurocognitive aberrations during development can then serve focused translational efforts in the form of cognitive bias modification treatments. In the review by Lau and Waters (this issue), an astute developmental model is suggested regarding the role of potential neurocognitive mechanisms in depression and anxiety in youth...
April 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346758/commentary-distillation-and-element-based-design-of-psychological-treatments-in-global-mental-health-a-commentary-on-brown-et%C3%A2-al-2017
#6
Daniel Michelson, Vikram Patel
This commentary reflects on the "elements" approach in psychological treatment research, and its specific application to a systematic review of psychosocial interventions for youth in conflict-affected areas. We discuss three key questions for the field. First, what psychological treatment elements are necessary and/or sufficient to achieve clinically significant change for a given population? Second, how should elements be sequenced to achieve optimal outcomes? Third, what might account for the large heterogeneity observed in psychological treatment trials, other than the constituent practice elements? We conclude by describing a new research programme that aims to develop a transdiagnostic intervention targeting common mental health difficulties among school-going adolescents in India...
April 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346597/association-of-risk-of-viremia-immunosuppression-serious-clinical-events-and-mortality-with-increasing-age-in-perinatally-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-youth
#7
Anne M Neilan, Brad Karalius, Kunjal Patel, Russell B Van Dyke, Mark J Abzug, Allison L Agwu, Paige L Williams, Murli Purswani, Deborah Kacanek, James M Oleske, Sandra K Burchett, Andrew Wiznia, Miriam Chernoff, George R Seage, Andrea L Ciaranello
Importance: As perinatally human immunodeficiency virus-infected youth (PHIVY) in the United States grow older and more treatment experienced, clinicians need updated information about the association of age, CD4 cell count, viral load (VL), and antiretroviral (ARV) drug use with risk of opportunistic infections, key clinical events, and mortality to understand patient risks and improve care. Objective: To examine the incidence or first occurrence during follow-up of key clinical events (including Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stage B [CDC-B] and stage C [CDC-C] events) and mortality among PHIVY stratified by age, CD4 cell count, and VL and ARV status...
March 27, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346161/gender-differences-in-sleep-hygiene-practices-and-sleep-quality-in-new-zealand-adolescents-aged-15-to-17-years
#8
Barbara C Galland, Andrew R Gray, Jonathan Penno, Claire Smith, Carmen Lobb, Rachael W Taylor
AIM: To examine, in a nationwide sample of New Zealand adolescents, self-reported sleep hygiene, and specifically evening technology and caffeine use, and body mass index, in relation to sleep quality. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 692 adolescents (59% girls), predominantly European (78%), with an average age of 16 years 9 months were recruited through schools, community advertising, and social media. MEASURES: All participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Adolescent Sleep Hygiene Scale online, and questions about their height, weight, evening technology use, and caffeine consumption...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345402/clinical-and-functional-correlates-of-processing-speed-in-pediatric-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Nathan E Cook, Ellen B Braaten, Craig B H Surman
It is well established that processing speed is negatively impacted in children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Unfortunately, exactly how processing speed vulnerabilities manifest in daily functioning has not been well established. To support clinical care of youth with ADHD, it is important to better understand the functional consequences and relevant outcomes associated with processing speed deficits. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to identify the association between processing speed and clinical or functional correlates among children or adolescents diagnosed with ADHD...
March 27, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345169/alcohol-use-from-adolescence-through-early-adulthood-an-assessment-of-measurement-invariance-by-age-and-gender
#10
Jessica N Fish, Amanda M Pollitt, John E Schulenberg, Stephen T Russell
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Studies on alcohol use and related constructs rarely test for measurement invariance to assess the reliability and validity of measures of alcohol use across different subpopulations of interest or ages. This failure to consider measurement invariance may result in biased parameter estimates and inferences. This study aimed to test measurement invariance of alcohol use across gender and age using a US-nationally representative sample to inform future longitudinal studies assessing alcohol use...
March 26, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345134/the-association-between-political-violence-and-the-connection-between-bullying-and-suicidality-among-palestinian-youth
#11
Ziad Abdeen, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Ora Nakash, Nabil Shibli, Maayan Nagar, Hazem Agha, Sameh Hallaq, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon, Hendrik Juerges, Itzhak Levav, Radwan Qasrawi
We examined the association between protracted political violence and the connection between bullying and suicidality among Palestinian adolescents. Data were collected from a representative sample of Palestinian students (N = 5,713) from 100 schools in the West Bank and East Jerusalem who completed an in-class survey. Students who were victims of bullying or bully victims who were exposed to political violence were at higher risk for suicide attempts compared to students who were victims of bullying or bully victims but not exposed to political violence...
March 27, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345108/specific-contributions-of-age-of-onset-callous-unemotional-traits-and-impulsivity-to-reactive-and-proactive-aggression-in-youths-with-conduct-disorders
#12
Sébastien Urben, Stéphanie Habersaat, Sandrine Pihet, Maya Suter, Jill de Ridder, Philippe Stéphan
Youths with conduct disorders (CD) are particularly studied for their violent and aggressive behaviors. Many researchers considered aggressive behaviors as being either reactive or proactive. Moreover, factors such as age of CD onset, impulsivity, and callous-unemotional traits, separately, have been related to these different types of aggressive behaviors. However, very few studies addressed the combined contribution of these three factors on proactive and reactive aggression. This question was tested in a sample composed of 43 male adolescents with CD...
March 27, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344676/transmitting-sport-values-the-importance-of-parental-involvement-in-children-s-sport-activity
#13
Francesca Danioni, Daniela Barni, Rosa Rosnati
The transmission of positive values between parents and children is generally considered to be the hallmark of successful socialization. As this issue has been widely discussed but surprisingly little researched - especially with reference to core sport values - in this study we aimed to: 1) analyze adolescent athletes' acceptance of the sport values their parents want to transmit to them (i.e., parental socialization values) and 2) examine the relationship between parental involvement in children's sportive activity and adolescents' acceptance of their parents' socialization values...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344553/youthful-processing-speed-in-older-adults-genetic-biological-and-behavioral-predictors-of-cognitive-processing-speed-trajectories-in-aging
#14
Nicholas T Bott, Brianne M Bettcher, Jennifer S Yokoyama, Darvis T Frazier, Matthew Wynn, Anna Karydas, Kristine Yaffe, Joel H Kramer
Objective: To examine the impact of genetic, inflammatory, cardiovascular, lifestyle, and neuroanatomical factors on cognitive processing speed (CPS) change over time in functionally intact older adults. Methods: This observational study conducted over two time points, included 120 community dwelling cognitively normal older adults between the ages of 60 and 80 from the University of California San Francisco Memory and Aging Center. Participants were followed with composite measures of CPS, calculated based on norms for 20-30 year-olds...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344461/within-session-sequence-of-balance-and-plyometric-exercises-does-not-affect-training-adaptations-with-youth-soccer-athletes
#15
Mehdi Chaouachi, Urs Granacher, Issam Makhlouf, Raouf Hammami, David G Behm, Anis Chaouachi
The integration of balance and plyometric training has been shown to provide significant improvements in sprint, jump, agility, and other performance measures in young athletes. It is not known if a specific within session balance and plyometric exercise sequence provides more effective training adaptations. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of using a sequence of alternating pairs of exercises versus a block (series) of all balance exercises followed by a block of plyometric exercises on components of physical fitness such as muscle strength, power, speed, agility, and balance...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344460/intra-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-modified-tuck-jump-assessment
#16
Azahara Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe, Alicia M Montalvo, Rhodri S Lloyd, Paul Read, Gregory D Myer
The Tuck Jump Assessment (TJA) is a clinician-friendly screening tool that was designed to support practitioners with identification of neuromuscular deficits associated with anterior cruciate ligament injury. This study aimed to evaluate the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the modified scoring (0 to 2) TJA to add an additional range of objectivity for each criterion. A total of 24 elite youth volleyball athletes (12 males and 12 females) were included in this study. Each participant's recorded performance of the TJA was scored independently by two raters across ten criteria using the modified scale...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344183/teen-heed-design-of-a-clinical-community-youth-diabetes-prevention-intervention
#17
Nita Vangeepuram, Narissa Williams, Jeremy Constable, Lindsey Waldman, Patricia Lopez-Belin, LaTanya Phelps-Waldropt, Carol R Horowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343680/the-medical-itineraries-of-blaise-cendrars-neuropsychiatry-marks-life-and-literature
#18
REVIEW
L Tatu, J Bogousslavsky
Neuropsychiatry had a profound impact on the life and work of one of the most influential French writers of the 20th century, Frédéric Sauser, better known by his pen name Blaise Cendrars (1887-1961). Cendrars, whose right writing hand was amputated after a battlefield wound in 1915, described with acuity his stump pain and phantom limb syndrome. He became a left-handed writer. Between 1956 and his death in 1961, he also suffered two strokes that progressively paralyzed his left side and greatly diminished his ability to speak...
March 23, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343261/stress-processes-linking-parent-child-disconnection-to-disease-risk-in-young-adulthood-amplification-by-genotype
#19
Dayoung Bae, Kandauda A S Wickrama
Previous studies have documented that early stressful family relationships influence subsequent stressful life circumstances and health outcomes over the life course. Less is known, however, about whether stressful parent-child relationships increase the influence of proximal stressors on youth health operating as a stress-sensitizing life context, and individual genetic variations have effects on these developmental processes. Informed by life course stress process theory, which focuses on the proliferation, accumulation, and interactions of stressors over the life course as health risks, we examined whether (a) parent-child disconnection influences the occurrence of stressful life events in young adulthood, (b) parent-child disconnection potentiates the impact of stressful life events on young adults' health, or (c) potential health impact is intensified further by individual genotype...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343113/how-four-u-s-states-are-regulating-recreational-marijuana-edibles
#20
Camille Gourdet, Kristen C Giombi, Katherine Kosa, Jenny Wiley, Sheryl Cates
BACKGROUND: Sales of edible marijuana products have been strong in Colorado and Washington State since the legalization of recreational marijuana. Initially, these states did not have comprehensive labelling or packaging requirements in place. In response to increases in marijuana-related emergency room visits and poison control centre calls, additional regulations were implemented. Currently, Alaska, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington each have passed into law various labelling and packaging requirements for edibles...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
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