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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230751/the-feasibility-of-embedding-data-collection-into-the-routine-service-delivery-of-a-multi-component-program-for-high-risk-young-people
#1
Alice Knight, Alys Havard, Anthony Shakeshaft, Myfanwy Maple, Mieke Snijder, Bernie Shakeshaft
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence about how to improve outcomes for high-risk young people, of whom Indigenous young people are disproportionately represented, due to few evaluation studies of interventions. One way to increase the evidence is to have researchers and service providers collaborate to embed evaluation into the routine delivery of services, so program delivery and evaluation occur simultaneously. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of integrating best-evidence measures into the routine data collection processes of a service for high-risk young people, and identify the number and nature of risk factors experienced by participants...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230728/optimistic-bias-risk-factors-and-development-of-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-among-african-american-adolescents-in-mississippi-usa
#2
Monique S White, Clifton C Addison, Brenda W Campbell Jenkins, Vanessa Bland, Adrianne Clark, Donna Antoine LaVigne
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions and is linked to hypertension among African American youth. Optimistic bias influences behavior of youth causing them to underestimate their susceptibility to negative health outcomes. This study explored adolescent behaviors and prevalence of high blood pressure and obesity in a school district. We examined the relationship between individual health risk practices and optimistic bias on health outcomes; 433 African American high school students were administered a survey and had their obesity and blood pressure measured by the school nurse...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230275/the-development-and-correlates-of-gender-role-attitudes-in-african-american-youth
#3
Chun Bun Lam, Christine Stanik, Susan M McHale
This research examined the longitudinal trajectories and family correlates of gender role attitudes in African American youth in a sample of 166 sibling pairs residing with their mothers and fathers. Multilevel modelling revealed that (1) girls and boys exhibited significant declines in gender attitude traditionality from ages 9 to 15 that levelled off through age 18, (2) mothers' (but not fathers') gender role attitude traditionality was positively related to youth's attitude traditionality, and (3) within-person variation in mothers' (but not fathers') racial discrimination experiences was negatively related to within-person variation in youth's gender role attitude traditionality...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229576/hormonal-responses-during-two-different-concurrent-training-trials-in-youth-elite-soccer-players-does-changing-the-organisation-of-training-impact-the-hormonal-response-to-concurrent-exercise
#4
Kevin Enright, James Morton, John Iga, Barry Drust
BACKGROUND: There are no data describing the acute hormonal responses to concurrent- training programmes in youth elite soccer players. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the total testosterone (T), cortisol (C), and growth hormone (hGH) responses during two same-day concurrent-training (CT) trials in elite soccer players. METHODS: n=13 youth elite players (age: 17.0±0.2 yrs; height, 1.80±0.07 m; body mass, 73.1±5.7 kg; VO2 max, 64.4±4.8ml-1.kg-1...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229575/effects-of-a-low-volume-plyometric-training-in-anaerobic-performance-of-adolescent-athletes
#5
Ari R Assunção, Martim Bottaro, Euler A Cardoso, Daiane P Dantas da Silva, Marcelo Ferraz, Carlos A Vieira, Paulo Gentil
BACKGROUND: Parameters related to the anaerobic capacity and power may be important for the performance of many sports whose skills are related to high-intensity and short- duration efforts. Although plyometric training (PT) has been widely used in the regular strength and conditioning programs of young athletes, its effects on anaerobic performance are still controversial. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of PT in anaerobic performance in young athletes...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229539/appetite-self-regulation-environmental-and-policy-influences-on-eating-behaviors
#6
Marlene B Schwartz, David R Just, Jamie F Chriqui, Alice S Ammerman
OBJECTIVE: Appetite regulation is influenced by the environment, and the environment is shaped by food-related policies. This review summarizes the environment and policy research portion of an NIH Workshop (Bethesda, MD, 2015) titled "Self-Regulation of Appetite-It's Complicated." METHODS: In this paper, we begin by making the case for why policy is an important tool in efforts to improve nutrition, and we introduce an ecological framework that illustrates the multiple layers that influence what people eat...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229368/internalizing-and-externalizing-problem-behavior-a-test-of-a-latent-variable-interaction-predicting-a-two-part-growth-model-of-adolescent-substance-use
#7
Craig R Colder, Seth Frndak, Liliana J Lengua, Jennifer P Read, Larry W Hawk, William F Wieczorek
Externalizing symptoms robustly predict adolescent substance use (SU); however, findings regarding internalizing symptoms have been mixed, suggesting that there may be important moderators of the relationship between internalizing problems and SU. The present study used a longitudinal community sample (N = 387, 55% female, 83% White) to test whether externalizing symptoms moderated the relationship between internalizing symptoms and trajectories of alcohol and marijuana use from early (age 11-12 years old) to late (age 18-19 years old) adolescence...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229248/promoting-social-nurturance-and-positive-social-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-high-risk-youth
#8
REVIEW
Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney, Heather Kitzman-Ulrich, Haylee Gause, Sara M St George
Nurturing environments within the context of families, schools, and communities all play an important role in enhancing youth's behavioral choices and health outcomes. The increasing prevalence rates of obesity among youth, especially among low income and ethnic minorities, highlight the need to develop effective and innovative intervention approaches that promote positive supportive environments across different contexts for at-risk youth. We propose that the integration of Social Cognitive Theory, Family Systems Theory, and Self-Determination Theory offers a useful framework for understanding how individual, family, and social-environmental-level factors contribute to the development of nurturing environments...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229247/achieving-population-level-change-through-a-system-contextual-approach-to-supporting-competent-parenting
#9
REVIEW
Matthew R Sanders, Kylie Burke, Ronald J Prinz, Alina Morawska
The quality of parenting children receive affects a diverse range of child and youth outcomes. Addressing the quality of parenting on a broad scale is a critical part of producing a more nurturing society. To achieve a meaningful population-level reduction in the prevalence rates of child maltreatment and social and emotional problems that are directly or indirectly influenced by parenting practices requires the adoption of a broad ecological perspective in supporting families to raise children. We make the case for adopting a multilevel, whole of population approach to enhance competent parenting and describe the essential tasks that must be accomplished for the approach to be successful and its effects measurable...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229246/psychological-well-being-as-a-predictor-of-casual-sex-relationships-and-experiences-among-adolescents-a-short-term-prospective-study
#10
Sophie Dubé, Francine Lavoie, Martin Blais, Martine Hébert
Psychological characteristics may predispose youths to engage in casual sex relationships and experiences (CSREs). Using a prospective longitudinal design and in a subsample of 2601 high school students in the province of Québec, we explored possible shifts in engaging in one-night stands (ONSs) and friends with benefits (FWB) relationships over a 6-month period among sexually active adolescents. We also examined the relationships among well-being predictors (psychological distress, self-esteem, suicidal ideation, and alcohol and drug consumption) and these shifts while exploring possible gender differences...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229245/drug-use-and-sexual-hiv-transmission-risk-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-women-msmw-men-who-have-sex-with-men-only-msmo-and-men-who-have-sex-with-women-only-mswo-and-the-female-partners-of-msmw-and-mswo-a-network-perspective
#11
Typhanye V Dyer, Maria R Khan, Milagros Sandoval, Abenaa Acheampong, Rotrease Regan, Melissa Bolyard, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert, Samuel R Friedman
We described drug use, sex risk, and STI/HIV among men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) and their female partners. We used the Network, Norms and HIV/STI Risk among Youth (NNAHRAY) study to evaluate drug use, sex risk, and biologically-confirmed STI/HIV in (1) MSMW and men who had sex with men only (MSMO) versus men who had sex with women only (MSWO) and (2) female partners of MSMW versus female partners of MSWO (N = 182 men, 152 women). MSMW versus MSWO had 30 to 60% increased odds of substance use, over twice the odds of multiple partnerships, and almost five times the odds of sex trade and HIV infection...
February 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228332/calorically-restricted-diets-decrease-pcsk9-in-overweight-adolescents
#12
A E Levenson, C E Milliren, S B Biddinger, C B Ebbeling, H A Feldman, D S Ludwig, S D de Ferranti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nutritional therapy is the first line approach to treatment of hyperlipidemia in childhood. Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a key regulator of plasma cholesterol levels and a target of novel lipid-lowering pharmacotherapies. We examined the effects of an intensive nutritional intervention on PCSK9 levels in overweight adolescents with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty seven obese and overweight adolescents with CVD risk factors were assigned to either a low fat or low glycemic load diet...
January 3, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228061/suicidal-plans-and-attempts-among-adolescents-in-mongolia
#13
Sarantsetseg Davaasambuu, Suvd Batbaatar, Susan Witte, Phillip Hamid, Maria A Oquendo, Marjorie Kleinman, Michael Olivares, Madelyn Gould
BACKGROUND: Although 75% of suicides occur in low- and middle-income countries, few studies have examined suicidal behaviors among young people in these countries. AIMS: This study aimed to examine what individual characteristics were associated with suicidal plans and attempts among Mongolian youth and whether suicidal risks and behaviors varied by urban and rural locations. METHOD: Logistic regression analyses were utilized to investigate suicidal plans and attempts among 5,393 adolescents using the Global Student Health Survey - 2013...
February 23, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226283/social-ecological-correlates-of-polyvictimization-among-a-national-sample-of-transgender-genderqueer-and-cisgender-sexual-minority-adolescents
#14
Paul R Sterzing, G Allen Ratliff, Rachel E Gartner, Briana L McGeough, Kelly C Johnson
Polyvictimization is a common experience for youth in the United States, with 20% nationally experiencing five or more different forms of victimization in the last year. Utilizing a large, national convenience sample of sexual and gender minority adolescents (N = 1177, 14-19 years old), the current study aimed to (a) generate the first estimates of last year polyvictimization (including nine victimization subtypes) for transgender, genderqueer, and cisgender (i.e., assigned birth sex aligns with gender identity) sexual minority adolescents and (b) identify social ecological correlates of last year polyvictimization...
February 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225661/lgbtq-youth-part-1
#15
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In order to provide holistic care, school nurses must be culturally competent by being sensitive to health disparities experienced by students in at-risk populations. Despite the growing acceptance toward gender and sexual minorities, LGBTQ youth remain an at-risk population in our communities and our schools. School nurses as well as school counselors, social workers, and psychologists can increase their cultural competence in caring for this group of students by increasing their understanding of appropriate terminology and risks associated with this vulnerable group...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225658/lgbtq-part-2
#16
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225537/laryngeal-sensitivity-testing-in-youth-with-exercise-inducible-laryngeal-obstruction
#17
Irena Hočevar-Boltežar, Uroš Krivec, Maja Šereg-Bahar
Exercise-inducible laryngeal obstruction (EILO) has been recognized as a not rare respiratory problem in youth practicing sports. The aim of the study was to test the mechanosensitivity of the larynx, and to identify the factors affecting it in a group of youth with proven EILO. Laryngeal sensory testing was performed in 54 adolescents and young adults with EILO. Laryngeal mucosal alterations were assessed according to the Reflux Finding Score (RFS). The data concerning diseases possibly affecting the upper airway, findings of previously performed flexible videolaryngoscopy during exercise, and RFS score were compared between the participants with laryngeal hyposensitivity and those with normal sensitivity...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224641/trends-in-volunteer-mentoring-in-the-united-states-analysis-of-a-decade-of-census-survey-data
#18
Elizabeth B Raposa, Nathan Dietz, Jean E Rhodes
Over the past decade, considerable resources have been devoted to recruiting volunteer mentors and expanding mentoring programs. It is unclear whether these efforts have helped to counter the broader national trends of declining volunteer rates. The current study uses data from the Volunteering Supplement of the Current Population Survey (CPS), sponsored by the U.S. Census Bureau and U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, to explore population-level trends in mentoring over the past decade. Results suggest that mentoring rates have remained relatively stable over the past decade, but that the population of mentors has changed somewhat in terms of age, ethnicity, educational background, and region of the United States...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224435/factors-associated-with-trait-anger-level-of-juvenile-offenders-in-hubei-province-a-binary-logistic-regression-analysis
#19
Li-Na Tang, Xiao-Zhou Ye, Qiu-Ge Yan, Hong-Juan Chang, Yu-Qiao Ma, De-Bin Liu, Zhi-Gen Li, Yi-Zhen Yu
The risk factors of high trait anger of juvenile offenders were explored through questionnaire study in a youth correctional facility of Hubei province, China. A total of 1090 juvenile offenders in Hubei province were investigated by self-compiled social-demographic questionnaire, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-II (STAXI-II). The risk factors were analyzed by chi-square tests, correlation analysis, and binary logistic regression analysis with SPSS 19.0. A total of 1082 copies of valid questionnaires were collected...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224345/electrophysiological-endophenotypes-and-the-error-related-negativity-ern-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-family-study
#20
Ann Clawson, Mikle South, Scott A Baldwin, Michael J Larson
We examined the error-related negativity (ERN) as an endophenotype of ASD by comparing the ERN in families of ASD probands to control families. We hypothesized that ASD probands and families would display reduced-amplitude ERN relative to controls. Participants included 148 individuals within 39 families consisting of a mother, father, sibling, and proband. Robust ANOVAs revealed non-significant differences in ERN amplitude and behavioral performance among ASD probands relative to control youth. In subsequent multiple regression analyses group and kinship (proband, sibling, mother, father) did not significantly predict ΔERN (error minus correct ERN) or behavioral performance...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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