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pericardium effusion

Fuxi Zhen, Sailei Shi, Lei Xue, Jinyuan Liu, Jinhua Luo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between gastric conduit width and postoperative early delayed gastric emptying (DGE) in patients with middle-lower esophageal carcinoma who underwent Ivor-Lewis operation. METHODS: Clinical data of 282 consecutive patients with middle-lower esophageal cancer who underwent the Ivor-Lewis operation by same surgical team in our department from January 2013 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into three groups according to the width of gastric conduit: width > 5...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Antonio Osculati, Silvia Damiana Visonà, Francesco Ventura, Francesca Castelli, Luisa Andrello
BACKGROUND: Generally, rheumatic heart disease is, today, sporadic in developed countries, even though it continues to be a major health hazard in the developing ones. It is also a very rare cause of sudden unexpected death. We report a case of a 15-year-old boy who suddenly died at home. Since 3 days he had presented fever and chest pain. The family physician had diagnosed bronchitis and treated the boy with amoxicillin. METHODS: Seven hours after death, a forensic autopsy were performed ...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Branko Furst, Chyong-Jy J Liu, Philip Hansen, Sridhar R Musuku
A 19-year-old man with large malignant pleural and pericardial effusions with tamponade physiology and signs of congestive heart failure presented for emergent subxiphoid pericardial window. Surgical drainage of the pericardium was complicated by a paradoxical cardiovascular collapse that failed to respond to pressors and intravenous fluids. Suspecting a pericardial perforation, a median sternotomy was performed and revealed an intact heart. The arterial pressure was promptly restored after drainage of the pleural effusion...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Neeraj Jain, Vijay Ravipati, Edmund K Kerut
Late cardiac perforation by a right ventricular (RV) pacemaker lead may be a challenge to diagnose. Echocardiography often will not adequately demonstrate lead tip migration, but chest computed tomography (CT) readily identifies the lead and tip location. A patient presented one month after dual-chamber pacemaker implantation with fever, sepsis and failure of RV pacer lead capture. Echocardiography demonstrated vegetations on the RV lead and a pericardial effusion, but the lead tip location could not be identified...
September 2016: Echocardiography
Vian Azzu
BACKGROUND: Gastropericardial fistula is a rare life-threatening condition, being reported only 65 times in modern literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67 year-old man who presented with weight loss, chest pain and epigastric pain was found to have pericardial effusion and pneumopericardium on computed imaging. Endoscopy and histology confirmed a gastric adenocarcinoma within a hiatus hernia, which had fistulated to the pericardium. His condition was complicated by pulmonary emboli and lobar infarction, all contributing to rapid deterioration and death...
August 19, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Kinza Sentissi, Mandeep S Sawhney, Douglas Pleskow, Paul Sepe, Jose M Mella, Benjamin Kwittken, Gyanprakash Ketwaroo, Balachundhar Subramaniam
In this prospective observational study, conducted at an academic medical center, we evaluated the feasibility of performing a basic transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) examination using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) technology to determine what cardiac structures could be assessed. This may be potentially beneficial during hemodynamic emergencies in the endoscopy suite resulting from hypovolemia, depressed ventricular function, aortic dissection, pericardial effusions, or aortic stenosis. Of the 20 patients enrolled, 18 underwent EUS with a linear echoendoscope for standard clinical indications followed by a cardiac assessment performed under the guidance of a TEE-certified cardiac anesthesiologist...
September 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Emeka B Kesieme, Peter O Okokhere, Christopher Ojemiega Iruolagbe, Angela Odike, Clifford Owobu, Theophilus Akhigbe
Background. The diagnosis and treatment of massive pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade have evolved over the years with a tendency towards a more comprehensive diagnostic workup and less traumatic intervention. Method. We reviewed and analysed the data of 32 consecutive patients who underwent surgery on account of massive pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade in a semiurban university hospital in Nigeria from February 2010 to February 2016. Results. The majority of patients (34.4%) were between 31 and 40 years...
2016: Advances in Medicine
Pengcheng Zhu, Naping Li, Lu Yu, Mariajose Navia Miranda, Guoping Wang, Yaqi Duan
Histiocytosis is an uncommon disease characterized by excessive accumulation of histiocytes. Here, we report a rare case of non-Langerhans-cell histiocytosis in a 51-year-old woman who presented with severe symptoms of pericardial effusion. Radiologic investigation also detected multiple bone (lower limbs, vertebrae, ribs, and ilium) lesions. Resected pericardium showed abundant mono- or multi-nucleated non-foamy histiocytes (CD68+/CD163+/S-100+/CD1α-/Langerin-) in a fibroinflammatory background. The histiocytes demonstrated emperipolesis of lymphocytes, a hallmark feature of Rosai-Dorfman Disease (RDD)...
July 28, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Kegan Jessamy, Fidelis O Ojevwe, Ravi Doobay, Rana Naous, John Yu, Sheila M Lemke
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare condition, which accounts for approximately 4% of all human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated non-Hodgkin lymphomas. PEL has a predilection for body cavities and occurs in the pleural space, pericardium, and peritoneum. Without treatment, the median survival is approximately 2-3 months, and with chemotherapy, the median survival is approximately 6 months. We describe the case of a 47-year-old male with HIV and Kaposi's sarcoma who presented with complaints of abdominal pain and distension and was subsequently diagnosed with PEL...
January 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
Mariana Mihăilă, V Herlea, Camelia Dobrea, Ioana Lupescu, Gina Rusu Munteanu, Grethi Chiriac, L Micu, R Serescu, I Copaci
We present the case of a 76 year old female patient admitted in the Department of Cardiology for physical asthenia, profuse sweating and dyspnea with orthopnea for about one month. Clinical and paraclinical assessments performed at admission confirmed the diagnosis of cardiac tamponade. Surgical intervention was performed and 400 mL of clear effusion were drained. Post-operative evolution was marked by recurrence of symptoms, requiring after 3 weeks a new drainage of 600 mL of clear effusion, and biopsy of the pericardium was performed...
April 2016: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
C G Kyriakakis, B M Mayosi, E de Vries, A Isaacs, A F Doubell
Diseases of the pericardium commonly manifest in one of three ways: acute pericarditis, pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis. In the developed world, the most common cause of acute pericarditis is viral or idiopathic disease, while in the developing world tuberculous aetiology, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, is commonplace owing to the high prevalence of HIV. This article provides an approach to the diagnosis, investigation and management of these patients.
February 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Jean Jeudy, Allen P Burke, Aletta Ann Frazier
Lymphoma of the heart and pericardium may develop in up to 25% of patients with disseminated nodal disease, but primary cardiac lymphoma is rare. The majority are diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, which arise in immunocompetent older individuals, men twice as often as women. Subsets are found in immunocompromised patients, including those with HIV-AIDS or allograft recipients. Cardiac lymphomas tend to arise in the wall of the right heart, especially right atrium, with contiguous infiltration of epicardium and pericardium...
July 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
Hiroki Takakura, Kouichi Sunada, Kunihiko Shimizu
A 72-year-old man presented with fever, dyspnea, and weight loss. He was referred to our hospital for further examination of the cause of the pleural effusions. Chest computed tomography showed pleural effusions, a pericardial effusion, and enlarged lymph nodes in the carina tracheae. We administered treatment for heart failure and conducted analyses for a malignant tumor. The pericardial effusion improved, but the pericardium was thickened. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) showed fluorine-18 deoxyglucose accumulation at the superior fovea of the right clavicle, carina tracheae, superior mediastinum lymph nodes, and a thickened pericardium...
February 2016: Kekkaku: [Tuberculosis]
Kristopher W Cummings, Daniel Green, William R Johnson, Cylen Javidan-Nejad, Sanjeev Bhalla
Given the widespread use of cross-sectional imaging modalities, specifically multidetector computed tomography and magnetic resonance, to evaluate thoracic disease, the pericardium is frequently imaged. Knowledge of the normal appearance and anatomical boundaries is vital for radiologists to avoid confusion with more sinister pathology. A variety of disorders and diseases of the pericardium can bring a patient to clinical attention from inflammatory conditions, resulting in pericarditis and pericardial effusion, to malignancy...
June 2016: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
Milena Adina Man, Mimi Floarea NiŢu, Lelia Strâmbu, Cristina Florescu, Costin Teodor Streba, Antigona Carmen Trofor
Constrictive pericarditis is a rare and severe disease. A 37-year-old patient was admitted in the hospital for dyspnea, precordial pain, right-sided cardiac failure. Chest X-ray showed cardiac enlargement and an opacity suggestive for pleural effusion. Echocardiography revealed an adhesive-effusive-constrictive pericarditis, a very thickened pericardium and bilateral pleural effusion. After a pericardiectomy done to restore cardiac compensation and to identify etiological factors, a tuberculous pericarditis (TBP) was diagnosed...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Sylvain Carras, Françoise Berger, Lara Chalabreysse, Evelyne Callet-Bauchut, Jean-François Cordier, Gilles Salles, Nicolas Girard
Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) represents a rare subset of extranodal lymphomas for which the primary lesion arises from the heart and/or the pericardium. Fundamental characteristics of PCL remain uncertain, regarding optimal diagnosis strategy, pathological features, treatments, as well as prognostic factors. This is a single-institution retrospective study of patients with histologically proven lymphoma, presenting with exclusive or predominant myocardial invasion at time of diagnosis. Thirteen patients were included, all of whom had symptoms related to cardiac tumour location with chronic chest pain in six (46%), dyspnea in seven (54%) and arythmia in three (23%)...
May 3, 2016: Hematological Oncology
Atsushi Sugiura, Nobusada Funabashi, Koya Ozawa, Yoshio Kobayashi
PURPOSE: Systemic autoimmune disease (SAD) frequently affects the pericardium, and pathology is characterized by both immunological and inflammatory processes. We hypothesized that these processes simultaneously influence mitral-valve (MV) deterioration and left-ventricular (LV) wall thickening in SAD subjects. METHODS: 101 SAD subjects were selected (76 female; 53±17years; systemic-lupus-erythematosus, 26%; vasculitis, 20%; scleroderma, 14%; polymyositis/dermatomyositis complex, 10%; mixed connective tissue disease, 11% and rheumatoid-arthritis, 2%)...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Xingxing Lv, Jinlan He, Yuan Shen, Hong Zheng
Breast cancer metastasizing to the pleura, pericardium and leptomeninges, but not to other sites, is rare. Although malignant pericardial and pleural effusions are common complications during the course of malignancies, they are rarely the initial manifestations of malignant disease, particularly pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade. This report describes a case of breast carcinoma in a 44-year-old woman who initially presented with malignant pleural effusion and pericardial tamponade and suffered from meningeal metastases after 4...
May 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Yan Shen, Zhitao Gu, Jianding Ye, Teng Mao, Wentao Fang, Wenhu Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the computed tomography (CT) features potentially helpful for accurate staging and predicting resectability of thymic epithelial tumors (TET). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight consecutive TET patients undergoing surgical resection from April 2010 to November 2011 were prospectively entered into a database. All patients were staged according to the Masaoka-Koga staging system. The relationship between CT features with tumor staging and complete resection was reviewed after surgery...
April 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Manouchehr Hekmat, Hamid Ghaderi, Hassan Tatari, Abbas Arjmand Shabestari, Seyedeh Adeleh Mirjafari
Pericardial cysts are rare lesions. These benign anomalies are located in the middle mediastinum. In this article, we present a 24-year-old man who was referred to the emergency department with dyspnea and persistent cough. In physical exam, no abnormality was found. His past medical history was normal. His trans-thoracic echocardiogram showed an echo-lucent space next to the right atrium at the right cardiophrenic angle. No pericardial effusion was found. The patient underwent surgery. After midsternotomy, a huge cyst measuring approximately 13 × 8 × 5 cm in diameters was found on the right side and outside the pericardium that was totally excised...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
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