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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436086/male-clinical-norms-and-sex-differences-on-the-eating-disorder-inventory-edi-and-eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-ede-q
#1
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Stuart B Murray, Scott Griffiths, Rachel C Leonard, Chad T Wetterneck, Brad E R Smith, Nicholas R Farrell, Bradley C Riemann, Jason M Lavender
OBJECTIVE: Evidence indicates that males account for a significant minority of patients with eating disorders (EDs). However, prior research has been limited by inclusion of small and predominantly non-clinical samples of males. This study aimed to (1) provide male clinical norms for widely used ED measures (Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire [EDE-Q] and Eating Disorder Inventory-3 [EDI-3]) and (2) examine sex differences in overall ED psychopathology. METHOD: Participants were 386 male and 1,487 female patients with an ED diagnosis aged 16 years and older who completed the EDE-Q and EDI-3 upon admission to a residential or partial hospital ED treatment program...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349306/trajectories-of-suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-following-psychiatric-hospitalization
#2
Jennifer C Wolff, Stephanie Davis, Richard T Liu, Christine B Cha, Shayna M Cheek, Bridget A Nestor, Elisabeth A Frazier, Maya Massing Schaffer, Anthony Spirito
Suicidal ideation (SI) is a common presenting problem for psychiatric hospitalizations in adolescents and often persists following discharge. This study examines whether distinct trajectories of SI could be delineated following hospitalization and the risk factors most strongly related to these trajectories. Adolescents (N = 104; 76 females; 28 males) were followed for 6 months after discharge from inpatient or partial hospitalization. Semi-parametric group modeling identified SI trajectory group membership...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277040/the-relationship-between-positive-affect-and-negative-affect-during-treatment-for-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Roni Oren-Yagoda, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Idan M Aderka
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the relationship between positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) along the course of combined cognitive behavior therapy and pharmacological treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Participants were 165 individuals who sought treatment for MDD in a partial hospital setting. Participants' PA, NA, and depressive symptoms were measured at pre- and post-treatment and PA and NA were measured at up to 10 additional measurements along the course of treatment...
February 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271454/depression-worry-and-psychosocial-functioning-predict-eating-disorder-treatment-outcomes-in-a-residential-and-partial-hospitalization-setting
#4
Laura K Fewell, Cheri A Levinson, Lynn Stark
This retrospective study explores depression, worry, psychosocial functioning, and change in body mass index (BMI) as predictors of eating disorder (ED) symptomatology and BMI at discharge and 1-year follow-up from a residential and partial hospitalization ED treatment center. Participants were 423 male and female patients receiving treatment at an ED treatment center. Results indicate significant improvement in ED symptomatology, psychological impairment, and change in BMI (in patients with anorexia nervosa) at treatment discharge and follow-up compared to treatment admission (ps < 0...
March 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242516/a-clinically-useful-self-report-measure-of-psychiatric-patients-satisfaction-with-the-initial-evaluation
#5
Mark Zimmerman, Douglas Gazarian, Matthew Multach, Naureen Attiullah, Talya Benoff, Daniela A Boerescu, Michael A Friedman, Lucille B Mehring, Sumi Moon, Sandhya Patel, Carolina Guzman Holst
Patient satisfaction is one component of the quality of care. Studies of satisfaction in samples of established patients are biased because dissatisfied patients are more likely to have dropped out of treatment. We, therefore, sought to develop a new instrument assessing patients' satisfaction with the initial psychiatric evaluation. In the present report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project we describe the development, reliability, and validity of the Clinically Useful Patient Satisfaction Scale (CUPSS)...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225563/self-selection-bias-in-eating-disorders-outcomes-research-does-treatment-response-of-underweight-research-participants-and-non-participants-differ
#6
Colleen C Schreyer, Graham W Redgrave, Jennifer L Hansen, Angela S Guarda
Observational treatment studies provide a valuable alternative to RCTs but are often criticized due to potential self-selection biases. Studies comparing those who do and do not participate in research on eating disorder treatment are scarce, but necessary to evaluate the impact of self-selection bias on outcomes. All consecutive underweight adult first admissions (N = 392) to an integrated inpatient (IP)-partial hospital (PH) behavioral specialty program were invited to participate in a longitudinal study of eating disorder treatment...
May 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186654/weight-gain-trajectories-in-hospital-based-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa
#7
Saniha H Makhzoumi, Janelle W Coughlin, Colleen C Schreyer, Graham W Redgrave, Steven C Pitts, Angela S Guarda
Weight gain is a primary treatment goal for anorexia nervosa (AN); however little is known about heterogeneity in weight gain pattern during treatment. Preliminary evidence suggests weight gain trajectory is associated with treatment outcome. This study grouped patients using mixture modeling into weight gain trajectories, and compared predictors and treatment outcomes between trajectory groups. Women diagnosed with AN or subthreshold AN (N = 211) completed self-report measures at admission and six-months after discharge from an integrated inpatient (IP)-partial hospitalization (PH) behavioral specialty eating disorders program...
March 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130794/intensive-treatment-for-adults-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-cost-of-weight-restoration
#8
Angela S Guarda, Colleen C Schreyer, Laura K Fischer, Jennifer L Hansen, Janelle W Coughlin, Michael J Kaminsky, Evelyn Attia, Graham W Redgrave
OBJECTIVE: Weight restoration in anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with lower relapse risk; however rate of weight gain and percent of patients achieving weight restoration (BMI ≥ 19 at discharge) vary among treatment programs. We compared both cost/pound of weight gained and cost of weight restoration in a hospital-based inpatient (IP)-partial hospitalization (PH) eating disorders program to estimates of these costs for residential treatment. METHOD: All adult first admissions to the IP-PH program with AN (N = 314) from 2003 to 2015 were included...
March 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027010/attending-to-timely-contingencies-promoting-physical-activity-uptake-among-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-with-an-exercise-for-mood-vs-an-exercise-for-fitness-prescription
#9
Bridget A Hearon, Courtney Beard, Lynne M Kopeski, Jasper A J Smits, Michael W Otto, Thröstur Björgvinsson
Despite evidence for both physical and mental health benefits achieved through regular exercise, most Americans fail to meet minimum recommendations. Altering the behavioral contingency from a focus on long-term health benefits to immediate mood benefits represents a novel method for exercise promotion. The current study examined a single-session exercise-for-mood intervention against two time-matched comparison conditions in 152 patients with serious mental illness attending a partial hospital program, a population marked by significant health disparities...
December 27, 2016: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931905/ethnic-differences-in-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-combined-with-medication-comparing-asian-american-and-white-psychiatric-patients
#10
Jennifer Y Tang, Chieh Li, Rachel F Rodgers, Mary Ballou
Several meta-analyses have demonstrated the effectiveness of treatment utilizing cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) combined with medication. There is, however, a paucity of research comparing the effectiveness of this combined treatment with psychiatric patients from different ethnic backgrounds. This study is the first of its kind to compare the effectiveness of CBT combined with medication for Asian American and White patients' psychiatric symptom severity levels of depression, anxiety, psychological well-being, and quality of life...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775490/neuroticism-and-clinical-course-of-weight-restoration-in-a-meal-based-rapid-weight-gain-inpatient-partial-hospitalization-program-for-eating-disorders
#11
Laura K Fischer, Colleen C Schreyer, Janelle W Coughlin, Graham W Redgrave, Angela S Guarda
We evaluated the impact of personality on weight restoration in 211 underweight (BMI ≤ 19 kg/m(2)) females admitted to an inpatient-partial hospitalization program for eating disorders. Symptomatology and personality were assessed by questionnaires, and clinical and demographic variables were assessed by chart review. Neuroticism, a personality trait associated with reactivity to stress, was correlated with higher symptomatology, chronicity, length of stay, and income source. Contrary to our hypothesis, neuroticism was positively associated with weight restoration...
January 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741470/characteristics-of-interpretation-bias-and-relationship-with-suicidality-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-sample
#12
Courtney Beard, Lara S Rifkin, Thröstur Björgvinsson
BACKGROUND: Interpretation bias, the tendency to interpret ambiguous situations negatively (or to lack a positive bias), is a cognitive vulnerability associated with psychopathology. However, there is a lack of research characterizing this bias in psychiatric samples, including whether it is also a risk factor for suicidality. This study characterized interpretation bias in a psychiatric sample at risk for suicide and examined the relationship between interpretation bias and suicidality cross-sectionally and prospectively...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623748/network-analysis-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptom-relationships-in-a-psychiatric-sample
#13
C Beard, A J Millner, M J C Forgeard, E I Fried, K J Hsu, M T Treadway, C V Leonard, S J Kertz, T Björgvinsson
BACKGROUND: Researchers have studied psychological disorders extensively from a common cause perspective, in which symptoms are treated as independent indicators of an underlying disease. In contrast, the causal systems perspective seeks to understand the importance of individual symptoms and symptom-to-symptom relationships. In the current study, we used network analysis to examine the relationships between and among depression and anxiety symptoms from the causal systems perspective...
December 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437683/day-hospital-and-psychosocial-care-center-expanding-the-discussion-of-partial-hospitalization-in-mental-health
#14
REVIEW
César Augusto Trinta Weber, Mario Francisco Juruena
INTRODUCTION: Since the second half of the twentieth century the discussions about mental patient care reveal ongoing debate between two health care paradigms: the biomedical/biopsychosocial paradigm and the psychosocial paradigm. The struggle for hegemony over the forms of care, on how to deal optimally with the experience of becoming ill is underpinned by an intentionality of reorganizing knowledge about the health/disease dichotomy, which is reflected in the models proposed for the implementation of actions and services for the promotion, prevention, care and rehabilitation of human health...
July 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391124/relations-between-past-week-physical-activity-and-recent-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-treatment-seeking-psychiatric-adults
#15
Stephanie M Jarvi, Bridget A Hearon, Kristen L Batejan, Stephanie Gironde, Thröstur Björgvinsson
OBJECTIVE: This research study examines the relationship between past-week physical activity and recent (i.e., within the past 30 days) nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in a sample of treatment-seeking adults.  METHOD: Participants included 353 (49.29% female; mean age = 35.16 years) adults attending a partial hospitalization program for acute psychiatric issues. Data were extracted from the program's admission battery of computer-based self-report measures completed by each participant on the first treatment day...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367308/positive-beliefs-about-mental-illness-associations-with-sex-age-diagnosis-and-clinical-outcomes
#16
Marie J C Forgeard, Rebecca L Pearl, Joey Cheung, Lara S Rifkin, Courtney Beard, Thröstur Björgvinsson
BACKGROUND: Beliefs about mental illness affect how individuals cope with their symptoms. Positive beliefs about mental illness (PBMI) refer to perceptions of positive attributes individuals may identify in their illness, such as beneficial consequences, enhanced creativity or cognition, or growth through adversity. METHODS: The present study developed and tested a brief measure of PBMI in 332 adults presenting for partial hospitalization with a variety of acute psychiatric conditions...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362701/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-among-patients-in-a-partial-hospital-program
#17
Andri Bjornsson, Soffia Magnusdottir, Inga Wessman, Courtney Beard, Josephine Lee, Bridget A Hearon, Thröstur Björgvinsson
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a common disorder that is usually associated with impaired functioning and high levels of suicidality. The current study is the first to assess prevalence of BDD among patients in a partial hospital program and compare patients with and without BDD on demographic and clinical variables. Participants were 207 patients with a variety of Axis I diagnoses. Prevalence of current BDD was 7.2%, and a diagnosis of BDD did not predict worse treatment outcome in the program. Patients with current BDD were more likely to be female and younger and have more comorbid diagnoses than patients without current BDD...
July 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301762/intermediate-services-after-behavioral-health-hospitalization-effect-on-rehospitalization-and-emergency-department-visits
#18
Catherine A Fullerton, Hollis Lin, Peggy L O'Brien, Gregory M Lenhart, Erika L Crable, Tami L Mark
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of intermediate service use on behavioral health inpatient readmissions and subsequent emergency department (ED) visits among Medicaid enrollees. METHODS: Data were from fee-for-service inpatient admissions from the 2008 Medicaid Analytic eXtract files for adults with a primary diagnosis of a mental or substance use disorder. A multivariate survival analysis estimated the association between posthospital services-particularly intermediate services (residential, partial hospital, intensive outpatient, and other rehabilitative services)-and time to readmission or ED visit...
June 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27062687/a-narrative-review-of-outcome-studies-for-residential-and-partial-hospital-based-treatment-of-eating-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Keren Friedman, Ana L Ramirez, Stuart B Murray, Leslie K Anderson, Anne Cusack, Kerri N Boutelle, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review the current eating disorders outcome literature after residential or partial hospitalization programme (PHP) treatment. METHOD: Articles were identified through a systematic search of PubMed and PsycINFO. RESULTS: Twenty-two PHP and six residential treatment studies reported response at discharge and tended to find improvement. Fewer studies (nine PHP and three residential) reported outcome at some interval after discharge from treatment...
July 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27027658/when-partial-hospitalization-fails-risk-factors-for-inpatient-hospitalization
#20
Courtney Beard, Bridget A Hearon, Josephine Lee, Lynne M Kopeski, Alisa B Busch, Thröstur Björgvinsson
Partial hospitalization is an understudied bridge between outpatient and inpatient care. One of its primary functions is to prevent the need for inpatient hospitalization. We examined potential demographic and clinical risk factors for inpatient hospitalization for current partial hospital patients. We conducted separate multiple logistic regression analyses for patients referred from inpatient care and the community. For individuals referred from inpatient care, suicidal ideation and greater psychotic symptoms upon admission to the partial program were associated with acute inpatient re-hospitalization...
June 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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